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STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



MANUAL 



Legislature of New Jersey 



One Hundred and Forty-third Session. 



1919 




BY AUTHORITY OF THE LEGISLATURE. 
Copyright, 1919, by Thomas F. Fitzgerald. 



Trenton, N. J. : 
Thomas F. Fitzgerald, Legislative Reporter. 

Compller and Publisher. 



Entered according to Act of Congress, in 1919, by 

THOMAS F. FITZGERALD, 

in the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington, D. C. 



j8®= The newspaper press are welcome to use such parts of the work as 
they may desire, on giving credit therefor to the MANUAL. 



STATE GAZETTE PUB. CO., PRINTERS, 
TRENTON, N. J. 



Calendar for 191 9. 













?5 
















eo 






1919 


jj 


1 


d 


-e 


B 


i 




1919 


e 


1 


2 


"2 


^ 


. 






:| 


^ 




^ 




5 

2Q 




:^ 


^ 




^ 


:<2 


^ 


1 


JAN... 








1 


2 


3 


4 


JULY. 






1 


2 


3 


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5 


"e 


"7 


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"6 


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13 


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26 


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28 


29 


30 


31 


... 




27 


28 


29 


30 


31 






FEB... 














1 


AUG... 












1 


"2 




'2 


3 


4 


*5 


6 


"7 


8 




"3 


"4 


'*5 


6 


"7 


8 


9 




9 


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11 


12 


13 


14 


15 




10 


11 


12 


13 


14 


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16 


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19 


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21 


22 




17 


18 


19 


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21 


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23 


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25 


26 


27 


28 






24 


25 


26 


27 


28 


29 


30 


MAR... 














"i 

8 


SEPT.. 


31 
















"2 


"3 


'4 


"5 


*6 


"7 


"i 


'2 


"3 


"4 


"5 


6 




9 


10 


11 


12 


13 


14 


15 




"7 


8 


9 


10 


11 


12 


13 




16 


17 


18 


19 


20 


21 


22 




14 


15 


16 


17 


18 


19 


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23 


24 


25 


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27 


28 


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21 


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24 


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26 


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30 


31 












OCT.... 


28 


29 


30 




















i 


2 


3 


4 


APR... 






i 


"2 


"3 


4 


6 




■5 


6 


"7 


8 


9 


10 


11 




6 


7 


8 


9 


10 


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12 


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20 


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30 


31 




MAY ... 


27 


28 


29 


30 


1 

8 


'2 

9 


3 

10 


NOV... 














"i 

8 
15 




"2 
9 


'3 

10 


"4 
11 


"5 
12 


18 


"7 
14 




'4 


"5 


"e 


"7 




11 


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29 


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31 


DEC... 


30 














i 


"2 


"3 


"4 


5 


"6 


JUNE. 


"1 


"2 


'3 


"4 


"5 


"6 


"7 




"7 


8 


9 


10 


11 


12 


13 




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... 






















'"■ ■•••■---'•••'••• 1 



PERPETUAL CALENDAR 

FOB ASCKRTAIXINQ THE DAY OF THE WEEK FOR ANY YEAR 
BETWEEN 1700 AND 2499. 



Table op Dominical 

LETTEKa. 



YEAR OF THE 
CENTURY, 



CENTUE'S. 



o'o lolo 
A star 2^ 'SIS 



N. B. 
on the le/t^ 
denotes leap'}S 
year. 



0*28 



'.55! 

57 
58 
59 



•4 *32 *60 

51 33 61 
6 34 62 
71 35 66 



••8*36*64*921 
37 65 93 1 
3S 66 94 
39 67 95 



*12*40 

13| 41 
14 42 
15l 43 



EG' 
D F 
C;E 

r 

GIB 

FA 
EG 
D|F 

b!d 

AC 
GlB 
F A 



Month. 



Jan. Oct. 

Feb. Mar. Nov. 

Jan. Apr. July 

May 

June 

Feb. Aug. 

Sept. Dec. 



1 8 

2 9 

3 10 
4!]! 
6 12 
ej 13 
7114 



15' 22 



Dominical Letter. 



A 


B 


D 


E 


G 


A 


B 


C 


E 


F 


C 


1) 


F 


G 



TV M 

W Tu 

Th W 

F Th 



EXPLANATION. 

tnder the Century, and in the line -vviVf* 
the Year of the Ctutwy, is the Dominical 
Letter of the Year. Then in the line with 
the month find the column containing 
this letter ; in this column, and in line 
with the day of the Month, is the day of 
the Week. In Leap Years, the letters for 
January and February are in the lines 
where these months are printed in Holies. 

EXAMPLES. 

For December 31st, 1875 : for 187?>, the 
letter is C ; under C, in a line with 31, is 
Friday ; and for January 1st, 1876, the 
letter is A ; under A, and in a line with 
1, is Saturday. 



OUTLINE HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 



Within the limits of what is now the State of New Jer- 
sey, asiJe from any evidences of the presence of prehis- 
toric man in the "Trenton Gravels," the original inhabi- 
tants of the commonwealth were Lenni Lenape, or Dela- 
ware. Indians. This subdivision of the great Algonkin 
family occupied the river vallej's of the State, had made 
some progress in agriculture and in elementary arts, were 
peaceable but small in numbers, and at last have become 
totally extinct in this portion of the United States. 

In its settlement, New Jersej'' was not an English colony. 
The claims of the Crown, based upon early discovery and 
various grants, were totally ignored by two great com- 
mercial nations of Europe— Holland and Sweden. It was 
not until 1664, practically a half century after the first 
occupancy of New Jersey by a white man, that England 
had aught more than a slight influence upon the destinies 
of the State. In settlement, Holland w^as first to send out 
planters, under the auspices of the Dutch West India 
Company. Claiming both the valleys of the Hudson and 
the Delaware, by virtue of the explorations of Hudson and 
Mey, land was taken up upon the banks of the Hudson, 
Passaic, Hackensack, Raritan and smaller streams tribu- 
tary to New York harbor, as well as at Gloucester upon 
the Delaware. By 1630 these claims were well established 
by occupancy, and by the creation of a centre of local 
gov-ernment in what is now New York city. Upon the 
rapidly growing influence of Holland, Sweden looked with 
jealous eye. Gustavus Adolphus, in his plan to make 
Sweden a world-power, saw the Dutch to be dangerous 
rivals in America. In 1638 there was equipped a Swedish 
expedition to settle the valley of the Delaware. What 
is now the State of Delaware, the valley of the Schuylkill 
and isolated portions of the west bank of the Delaware 
River were occupied, civil and military government was 
established, and the colony of farmers and traders entered 
upon a brief career of prosperity. The death of Gustavus 
Adolphus, internal dissensions in Sweden, the inherent 
weakness of the Delaware settlements, and the constantly 
increasing power of Holland brought matters to a crisis. 
In 1655 New Sweden was conquered by New Netherlands, 
(7) 



8 HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 

and for nine years the soil of New Jersey was absolutely 
under Dutch control. 

Emerging from the interregnum of the Cromwells, the 
restoration of the House of Stuart brought peace to Eng- 
land. On the 12th of March, 1664, Charles H., ^vnth royal 
disregard for previous patents, grants and charters, deeded 
to his brother James, Duke of York, a vast tract embrac- 
ing much of New England, New York and all of what is 
now New Jersey. This was accompanied by active prep- 
arations to drive the Dutch from America, as they, in 
alien claims to New Jersej', practically separated the New 
England colonies from Virginia, Maryland and the Caro- 
linas. In the summer of 1664 armed vessels appeared 'v. 
New York harbor. After negotiations, the Dutch sur- 
rendered and the power of Holland in North America be- 
came simply a mattei of histor3\ In the meantime James. 
Duke of York, transferred to two favorites of the Housp 
of Stuart— John, Lord Berkeley, and Sir George Carteret— 
practically what is now the State of New Jersey. In 
honor of Carteret's defense of the Island of Jersey (Cae- 
sarea) during the Parliamentary wars, the territory was 
called New Jersey (Nova Caesarea). 

Carteret and Berkelej', in granting a liberal frame of 
government and extolling the advantages of their colony 
so well located for agriculture, commerce, fishing and 
mining, attracted settlers not only from England, but 
from Scotland and New England, particularly Long Island 
and Connecticut. These planters were largely Calvinists, 
from Presbyterian and Congregational communities, and 
mainly occupied land in Newark, Elizabeth and upon the 
north shore of Monmouth county. The valley of the Dela- 
ware remained unsettled. The Calvinists brought into 
East Jersey distinctive views upon religious and civil mat- 
ters. Early legislatures punished many crimes by death, 
the penalties being similar to those of the Jewish dispen- 
sation, while the "town-meeting" strengthened the indi- 
vidual action of the small communities. There was an 
Intense individualism in every phase of political and relig- 
ious development, the life of the people centering around 
the church and the school house, the head of both, as in 
New England, being the minister. 

In 1676 a division of the interests of Carteret and Berke- 
ley occurred. In the meantime Berkeley had disposed of 
his rights to a company of English Quakers, a conflict had 
ensued, and to establish the claims of all parties concerned, 
the two colonies of East and West Jersey came into 
existence. A line was drawn from a point in Little Egg 



HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. « 

Harbor to the Delaware Water Gap, Berkeley and his 
assigns retaining West Jersey as their moiety, Carteret 
obtaining East Jersey'. 

By Berkeley's transfer the dominant influence in West 
Jersey was that of the Society of Friends. Salem was 
settled in 1675, Burlington, Gloucester and the site of Tren- 
ton about five years later, while within ten years there- 
after the "shore" communities of Cape May and Tucker- 
ton came into existence. The Society of Friends estab- 
lished in West Jersey a series of communities In which 
the life of the people was different from that of East Jer- 
sey. As East Jersey resembled New England in civil gov- 
ernment, so West Jersey resembled Virginia. The political 
and social centres of the large plantations were the shire- 
towns, slave owning was common, a landed aristocracy 
was established, prominent families intermarried, and 
under the advice of William Penn and his friends good 
faith was kept with the Indians. Capital punishment was 
practically unknown and disputes were settled frequently 
by arbitration. 

Two elements of discord marked the genesis of East Jer- 
sey and of West Jersey. One, external, was the attitude 
of the Duke of York after he became James II. In 1673 
New Jersey was recaptured by the Dutch, who held the 
colony until the early spring of 1674. A question arose as 
to the Duke of York's title after 1674, reconveyances were 
made, but in spite of past assurances, James II. claimed 
the proprietary right of government. To that end Sir Ed- 
mund Andros was commissioned Governor of New Jersey, 
and a climax was reached in 16S0 when the proprietary 
governor of East Jersey was carried prisoner to New York. 
In 1681 the Crown recognized the justice of the proprietors' 
contention, and local government was re-established, but 
not before the seeds of discontent were sown that bore 
fruit in the Revolutionary War. 

An internal disturbance was a contest between the 
Boards of Proprietors and the small land owners. Both 
in East and West Jersey, Carteret and Berkeley and their 
assigns had transferred to wealthy combinations of capi- 
talists—most of whom were non-residents— much of the 
broad acreage of the colonies. With the land went the 
right of selection of Governors and of members of Execu- 
tive Councils, which right Berkeley and Carteret had 
derived from the Crown. This, with "quit-rent" agita- 
tions in East Jersey, led to much bitterness. Finally, dis- 
gusted with turmoil, and viewing a sentiment of revolt 
on the part of the people, the Boards of Proprietors sur- 



10 tllSTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 

rendered to the Crown, In 1702, their rights of government, 
retaining only their interest in the soil, East and West 
Jersey were united, and the two provinces became the 
royal colony of New Jersey. 

From 1702 until the outbreak of the Revolution the polit- 
ical history of the colony was quite uneventful. Through- 
out the period of seventy-five years there was almost con- 
stant friction between the Legislature and the Governor 
and his Council. The governors, in the main, were Crown 
favorites sent over the sea without a personal knowledge 
of the colony and with but an ill-concealed ambition to 
wrest from the people as much money as could be secured 
for the support of themselves and the executive ofHce. 
The Councils, composed of wealthy land owners of the 
Society of Friends and rich merchants from East Jersey, 
were quiescent, and even the members of the popular 
branch of the Legislature were chosen by those possessing 
property qualifications. The small non-voting farmers 
raised the cry of "aristocracy," and the equivalent of 
"taxation without representation," and while loyal to the 
Crown were open in their expressions of dissatisfaction 
to the personal attitude of their governors. In 173S New 
Jersey, in recognition of this sentiment, was given a gov- 
ernor separate from the one appointed jointly for the colo- 
nies of New York and New Jersey. 

During this period the farm was the centre of the activi- 
ties of the life of the people; particularly was this true in 
the western part of the colony, where favoring climate 
and soil, slave labor and the proximity of Philadelphia led 
to abundant crops and a good market. In East Jersey a 
commercial spirit was more active. Perth Amboy threat- 
ened to rival New York, and Jersey ships from Newark, 
Elizabeth and the Monmouth villages were to be found 
from Boston to Charleston. The repressive economic 
policy of the Crown precluded the development of manu- 
factures. In the southern part of the State, sand and un- 
limited forests of oak and pine led to the development of 
glass making, while "bog iron," with abundance of lime 
from oyster shells, gave an impetus to the erection of 
forges and bloomaries. These, as well as the copper mines 
of the trap rock region, were throttled by adverse Parlia- 
mentary legislation. Ship building was a recognized in- 
dustry, and cedar was extensively "mined" from the 
sunken forests of the tide-water district. Whaling and 
other fisheries were unhampered, and were profitable, as 
was also the trade in skins and in hay from the salt 
meadows of the coast. 



HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. U 

Throughout the years from 1702 to 1776 gold and silver 
and copper money was scarce. In obedience to the de- 
mand of the English merchants that competition should 
be crushed, legislation was enacted to draw "hard"' money 
away from the colony. An inflated paper currency, first 
issued in 1707 to provide ways and means to aid the Cana- 
dian expedition against the French, poured from the 
printing presses. Trade was reduced to barter, and gold, 
silver and copper were practically at a premium for nearly 
three generations. 

Of the more prominent incidents during the period were 
the organized attempts to suppress piracy in New York 
and Delaware bays, the growth of a well-defined system 
of transportation by land and water between New York 
and Philadelphia, the establishment of ferries and post 
roads, the reclamation of waste land, the injection of 
Hugenot, Scotch-Irish and Palatinate German elements 
into the settled population, the chartering of Princeton 
University and Rutgers College, the religious revival led 
by Whitefield. the propogation of abolition doctrines by 
Woolman, the erection of a series of barracks owing to the 
French and Indian war, and what is probably of supreme 
importance, the growth of a sentiment of independence 
fostered by the stupid policy of the Crown, and carried 
from hamlet to hamlet, as much by itinerant hawkers and 
by "Redemptioners," who had served their time, as by any 
other cause. 

The opening of the Revolution found New Jersey's senti- 
ment unevenly crystalized. Few, if any, were favoring 
absolute independence. There were three elements. One, 
the Tory party, was led by Governor William Franklin, 
the illegitimate son of Benjamin Franklin. This conserva- 
tive class embraced nearly all the Episcopalians, a vast 
proportion of the non-combatant members of the Society 
of Friends and some East Jersey Calvinists. Another ele- 
ment was composed of men of various shades of belief, 
some in favor of continual protest, others desirous of com- 
promise. This included at the outbreak of the struggle 
most of the Calvinists, some few Quakers of the younger 
generation, and the Scotch-Irish. The third party drew 
its support from a few bold, aggressive spirits of influence 
whose following included men who believed that war 
for independence would benefit their fortunes. 

The part played in the Revolution by New Jersey has 
been frequently told. Events passed rapidly after the 
affairs of Trenton and Princeton; Monmouth and Red Bank 
will never be forgotten, while the raids at Salem. Spring- 



n HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 

field, Elizabeth, in the valley of the Hackensack, and the 
winter at Morristown are a part of national history. Oc- 
cupying a position between New York and Philadelphia, 
its soil was a theatre where the drama of war was always 
presented. At no time was the Tory element suppressed, 
finding its expression in open hostility, or in the barbaric 
cruelties of the "Pine Robbers" of Monmouth, Burlington, 
Gloucester and Salem counties. Though under suspicion, 
the Society of Friends were neutral, for conscience sake, 
remaining close to the teachings of their creed. 

The close of the struggle found the people of New Jersey 
jubilant and not disposed to relinquish their sovereignty. 
The Articles of Confederation were weak and had become 
a by-word and a jest. There was much State pride and 
much aristocratic feeling among the old families who con- 
tinued to dominate State politics. The Constitution of 1776, 
adopted by New Jersey as a makeshift war measure, pro- 
vided that all State officers of prominence should be elected 
by a Legislature, which was chosen by voters possessing 
property qualifications. As in the colony, the Governor 
was Chancellor, and class distinctions were closely drawn. 
In spite of agitation, all proposed changes were rejected, 
and a strong federal union with the other States was 
viewed with dislike and suspicion. The State, in a quarrel 
with New York, at one time refused to obey the requests 
of Congress, and, in the exercise of her sovereignty, estab- 
lished a Court of Admiralty and coined money. 

While the spirit of "State rights" was dominant, it was 
recognized by leaders of public thought that New Jersey 
was too weak to stand alone. She entered the Annapolis 
convention called to revise the Articles of Confederation, 
and whose lasting monument was the present Federal 
Constitution adopted in Philadelphia in 1787. Upon the 15th 
of June of that year the "New Jersey Plan" was pre- 
sented, which, while lost as a measure, led to the famous 
compromise upon representation, whereby in the Senate 
of the United States the States were given equal vote, with 
a representation based on population in the House. 

The adoption of the Constitution of the United States 
led to the rapid growth of political parties in New Jersey 
as elsewhere. In spite of the intense conservatism of the 
State, led by the Quakers of West Jersey, who were Fed- 
eralists almost to a man, the anti-Federalist sentiment de- 
veloped rapidly, spurred by a virulent party press, the 
death of men who had been trained in colonial methods of 
thought and the democratic tendency of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, which grew in strength in West Jersey. 



HISTORY OP NEW JERSEY. 13 

In the eastern part of the State there was among the Indi- 
vidualistic Calvinists a strong anti-Federal spirit. This, 
in 1800, led to the election of Thomas Jefferson as President 
of the United States, and in ISOl the election of his political 
ally, Joseph Bloomfield. as Governor of the State of New 
Jersey. The death of Hamilton at the hands of Burr, and 
the death of Livingston, the "war" Governor, tore down 
the strongest pillars of Federalism in New Jersey, and led 
to the absolute domination of the State by the anti-Feder- 
alists, who held power until the outbreak of the second war 
with England. 

The period from 1790 to 1812 in New Jersey was marked 
by a demand for internal improvements and better trans- 
portation. The agitation concerning the Delaware and 
Raritan Canal, Stevens' experiments in 1802 with steam, 
along the lines laid down in 1785 by Fitch, the project of 
the Society for Establishing Useful Manufactures at Pat- 
erson as early as 1791, and highways conducted through the 
northwest portion of the State, indicate the trend of public 
sentiment. 

The second war with England was not altogether a pop- 
ular measure in New Jersey. The Federalists, the "Peace 
Party," secured control of the Legislature and elected 
their Governor. Nevertheless the State furnished her 
quota of troops. The one permanent effect of the struggle 
upon the State was indirect. Owing to the movement of 
supplies and the necessity of quick transportation between 
Philadelphia and the exposed port of New York, the wagon 
roads between Bordentown and Perth Amboy, and between 
Trenton, New Brunswick, Metuchen, Rahway, Elizabeth 
and Newark, were improved and their advantages as 
"short routes" demonstrated. Upon these lines two later 
railroads, now a part of the Pennsylvania Railroad system, 
were constructed. 

The era following the close of the war of 1812 until the 
opening of the Civil War was one of stupendous activity. 
Interrupted only by the financial depressions of 1817 and 
1837, and slightly retarded by the Mexican War, the pro- 
gress of the State was beyond the wildest dreams of the 
enthusiast, Alexander Hamilton. In the eastern part of 
the State, aided by a constantly increasing foreign popula- 
tion, Jersey City rose from the marshes, Newark grew 
toward her present greatness, Paterson became a centre 
of industry, while in the west, Camden was recognized as 
an available site for manufactures. The public school 
system was established and extended, reforms in the car- 
ing for the criminal, defective, delinquent and dependent 



14 HISTORY OP NEW JERSEY. 

classes were Instituted, railroads were reaching every town 
of size, in the vicinity of New York and Philadelphia, fer- 
ries were erected, banks established, post oflSces opened 
and newspapers printed. In 1844, when social unrest was 
most marked, the present State Constitution was adopted 
by a large popular majority and needed reforms tending to 
elevate the legal position of married women, imprisoned 
debtors and bankrupts were adopted. 

The year 1860 brought a termination to the then impend- 
ing conflict. While every other State north of Mason and 
Dixon's line by 1850 had set the black man free, there were 
still 286 negroes in bondage in New Jersey. The abolition 
movement made slow progress and an anti-war party had 
a decided following. But when the die was cast New Jer- 
sey responded to the call for men and money. She fur- 
nished 88,305 men, or within 10,501 of her entire militia. 
For organizing, subsisting, supplying, supporting and trans- 
porting her troops she paid $2,894,385, and upon the field 
sustained the reputation for bravery she had won during 
the days of Trenton and Monmouth. 

New Jersey has made great advances since the Civil War. 
Among the important legislation was the passage of the 
General Railroad law in 1873. This ended the domination 
of the Camden and Amboy monopoly and opened the way 
for other enterprises in the same field. 

Although the State passed an Emancipation act in 1804, 
the Constitution was not amended as to legalize negro 
suffrage until 1875. The Legislature of 1871 ratified the 
fifteenth amendment to the U. S. Constitution which gives 
absolute authority to the negro to cast his vote at all 
national. State, county and municipal elections. 

Women exercised the right of suffrage in New Jersey 
under laws passed in 1790 and 1797. That right was taken 
from them by an act passed in 1807. In 1912 the Supreme 
Court held that the 1776 Constitution did not confer any 
right on women to vote. The Constitution of 1844 limited 
the right to vote to males. In 1887 women were given the 
right to vote at school meetings. This was declared un- 
constitutional in 1894 as to voting for school trustees and 
oflicers ; they could vote, however, on other school matters. 

A proposed amendment to the State Constitution in 1897 
giving women the right to vote for school officers was 
defeated. The vote was 65,021 for, to 75,170 against. In 
1915 another proposed amendment conferring full suffrage 
on women was defeated. The vote was 133,282 for and 
184,390 against. In 1883 laws were enacted regulating the 
labor of women and children in factories. 

In 1838, the last whipping post disappeared from New 
Jersey. It stood on a vacant lot in Trenton, where many 
offenders had suffered the degrading punishment. Franklin 
S. Mills, a veteran reporter of that time, called several 



HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 15 

kindred spirits around him and thiey decided that the 
whipping post must go. There was unanimous agreement 
that the best time for its vanishment would be a dark night, 
and meanwhile the plot was kept a profound secret. The 
plan was carried out and the post was never set up again. 
The next step to lessen the horror of capital punishment 
was in 1907, when the penalty was changed from hanging 
to eloctrocutlon. In the same year tuberculosis was pro- 
nounced infectious and a sanitorlum for the treatment of 
such patients was established. 

Gambling at race tracks and all other places was pro- 
hibited by law in 1894 and in 1897 a constitutional amend- 
ment was adopted to the same effect. 

In 1907 the first primary law went into operation. In 
1911, the direct primary was extended to the offices of 
governor and representatives in Congress. In 1915 it was 
extended to the office of United States Senator. In 1911, 
a blanket form of ballot was adopted. In 1907 the Board 
of Railroad Commissioners for the State of New Jersey 
was created, and in 1910, the name was changed to the 
Board of Public Utility Commissioners. In 1911, the Em- 
ployers' Liability act was passed. 

The admirable system of public education in New Jersey 
deserves more than passing notice. The first steps were 
taken during the colonial period, and soon after the Revo- 
lution a number of private schools and academies were es- 
tablished. In 1816, the Legislature ordered that the sum 
of $15,000 should be Invested in a Permanent Educational 
Fund. During the following two years, thfs sum was in- 
creased to .$113,236.78. In 1824, a tenth of the State tax 
was added to the school fund. Improvement was continually 
made in the educational lacilitles, the annual appropriation 
being Increased in 1838 to .$30,000. The new Constitution 
adopted in 1844, prohibited the diversion of any part of the 
school fund under any pretext. Two years later every town- 
ship was required to raise the same amount contributed 
by the State, and in 1851 the State appropriation was in- 
creased to .$40,000. 

Since no one is considered qualified to follow a profession 
without special training, it followed that that of the teacher 
should receive the same preparation. In 1855, the first 
State Normal School was opened in Trenton and proved 
highly successful. It has been followed by others with the 
most beneficial results to the cause of education throughout 
the State. 

In 1867, the whole school system was remodeled and 
placed on a sound basis. Provision was made for the con- 
tinual maintenance of the Normal School and the Model, 
or training school, attached to it; for the examination and 
licensing of teachers; for increasing the State Educational 
Fund ; defining the duties of district and township trus- 



16 HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 

tees, the city boards of education, the county superintend- 
ents, the State superintendent and the State Board of Edu- 
cation. 

In 1881, an act was passed by the Legislature to encourage 
the establishment of schools for industrial education. In 
1888, manual training was provided for and several such 
institutions have been established. The Compulsory Edu- 
cation law went into effect in 1884. Parents and guardians 
are compelled to send children between the ages of seven 
and fourteen years to school each day the schools are in 
session, or provide for their instruction at home or else- 
where. The State College for Agriculture and the Mechanic 
Arts is connected with Rutgers College at New Brunswick. 
Candidates for this course are examined annually at the 
county seat of each county. The number of pupils is limited 
to sixty and tuition is free. Other State institutions are 
referred to elsewhere. 

One of the most beneficent enterprises with which New 
Jersey is specially identified is the life-saving service. The 
United States has more than ten thousand miles of sea 
and lake coast. Thousands of lives and untold millions of 
dollars of property have been swept down to death and 
destruction by the fearful storms which at times rage over 
these waters. Of all the vast extent of coast, there is none 
more dangerous than that of New Jersey. The causes of 
this is the peculiar formation of the Long Island and New 
Jersey shores, and the fact that a bar runs parallel with 
the beach at a distance therefrom of from two hundred 
yards to a mile. The water on this bar is shallow, and 
many a ship, when driven toward shore goes to pieces long 
before it can be reached by the anxious watchers on the 
beach. 

One of the residents of Monmouth county who was deeply 
impressed by the frightful loss of life was Dr. William A. 
Newell, a member of CongTess from 1848 to 1851, and 
governor of New Jersey from 1857 to 1860. It is worth 
mentioning in this place that Dr. Newell was in Congress 
when John Quincy Adams was stricken with apoplexy and 
caught him in his arms as he w^as falling. Dr. Newell, 
during the first part of his term, secured an appropriation 
of $10,000 for the protection of life and property from 
shipwreck on the coast between Sandy Hook and Little Egg 
Harbor. Some months later, the ship Ayrshire was driven 
on Squan Beach. The life car was employed to bring the 
202 passengers and crew ashore and only one man who re- 
fused to enter the car was drowned. Instances without 
number occurred, when with the help of the life-saving 
crew, not a single life was lost, when without such aid all 
would have perished. 

At the close of 1014, the life-saving establishments in 
the United States included 285 stations, 203 being on the 



HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 11 

Atlantic and Gulf coasts, 62 on the lakes, 19 on the Pacific 
coast, 1 at Nome, Alaska, and 1 at the falls of the Ohio, 
Louisville, Ky. 

Since the establishment of the life-saving service down to 
June 30th, 1914, the number of disasters was 28,121 ; 
value of property involved, $355,401,084 ; value of property 
saved, $288,871,237 ; value of property lost, $66,529,847 ; 
persons involved, 178,741 ; persons lost, 1,455 ; shipwrecked 
persons succored at stations, 28,711 ; days' succor afforded, 
59,659. 

In addition to the 522 disasters in 1914, there were 1.415 
casualties to lesser craft, such as launches, sailboats, row- 
boats, &c., on which were 3,757 persons of whom all were 
saved excepting 12. 

As in every State and in the National government, the 
government consists of the legislative, executive and ju- 
diciary. The last named embraces the courts. 

Justice's Court. — This is the lowest court with common 
law and criminal jurisdiction. Suits involving no more than 
$200 may be tried in it, and appeal can be had to the 
Court of Quarter Sessions. 

Police Court. — This is composed of a police justice, or a 
justice of the peace appointed by him. His criminal juris- 
diction in the city for which he is appointed is the same 
as that of a justice of the peace. He tries cases of vio- 
lation of city ordinances and appeal is to the Court of 
Common Pleas, or Quarter Sessions, or to the Supreme or 
Circuit Court. 

District Court. — The jurisdiction of this court is limited 
to the county in which the court is held. It has authority 
in all suits of a civil nature in which the sum involved 
does not exceed $500. exclusive of costs, including disputes 
between landlords and tenants and replevin and attachment 
cases. Appeal is to the Supreme Court. 

Court of Quarter Sessions. — This court has jurisdiction 
over all offences of an indictable nature within the county, 
except treason and murder. As a court of common law 
jurisdiction, it can hear only appeals from the justices' 
courts and the police courts. 

Court of Common Pleas. — The jurisdiction of this court 
is extensive. It holds three stated terms each year and 
special terms when so ordered by the Supreme Court. Its 
original jurisdiction includes all personal actions not in- 
volving the freehold ; the changing of the name of any 
town or village in the county or of any person on his 
request: cases relating to insolvency, roads and wrecks; 
the property of absconding debtors : applications for exemp- 
tion from military duty, and it decides suits against con- 
stables who neglect to execute warrants. It grants licenses 
and ti'ies cases referred to it by the Circuit Court. The 
presiding oflHcer is a judge appointed to that office. The 



18 HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 

justice of the Supreme Court, holding the Circuit Court 
within the county, is ex-officio judge of the Court of Common 
Pleas. It can try cases referred to it by the Circuit Court 
and certify the same to the Supreme Court. 

Circuit Court. — This court has concurrent jurisdiction with 
the Supreme Court except in criminal cases and has author- 
ity to try Supreme Court issues. It holds three stated 
terms annually and a special term when so ordered by a 
justice of the Supreme Court. Appeals are taken to the 
Court of Errors and Appeals. 

Supreme Court of Judicature. — The chief justice and eight 
associate justices compose this court, which may be held 
by any one of the nine justices. It meets in Trenton on the 
third Tuesday in February and the first Tuesdays respec- 
tively of June and November. Special terms may be ordered 
by the chief justice or any two associate justices. Its 
jurisdiction covers all real, personal or mixed actions at 
common law, and it has power to decide when the laws 
and joint resolutions have not been duly passed and ap- 
proved. It has authority to review the proceedings of other 
courts and the only appeal is to the Court of Errors and 
Appeals. The business of this court has grown to such an 
extent that it has been divided into parts I., II. and III. 

Court of Errors and Appeals. — This court is composed of 
the chancellor, the justices of the Supreme Court and six 
specially appointed justices. It is the highest tribunal in 
the State from whose decisions there is no appeal. 

Court of Chancer!/. — The members of this court are the 
chancellor and eight vice-chancellors. Its function is to 
give such relief as is not given by the common law courts, 
and appeal must be made to the Court of Errors and Appeals. 

Surrogate Court. — Each county has a surrogate whose 
duties mainly relate to will cases. Appeals have to be 
made to the Orphans' Court of the county. 

Orphans' Court. — This court is held by the judge of the 
Court of common Pleas, the justices of the Supreme Court 
being judges ex-officio. It decides all disputes relating to 
wills, the accounts of executors, the recovery of legacies, 
the mental condition of persons in the military, naval or 
marine service, the division of estates, &c. 

Prerogative Court. — The chancellor is the judge of the 
Prerogative Court, which has authority to grant the probate 
of wills, letters of administration and the settlement of 
disputes relating to the same. Its decisions are to the 
Court of Errors and Appeals. 

Court for the Trial of Impeachments. — This court con- 
sists of the senate which tries the governor or any officer 
of the State for misdemeanor while holding such office. 
The impeachment must be by the assembly. A two-thirds 
vote is necessary to convict and from such conviction there 
is no appeal. 



LIST OF GOVERNORS. 19 

Cou7t of Pardons. — This court consists of the governor, 
chancellor and the six judges of the Court of Errors and 
Appeals. A majority of the court of whom the governor 
must he one, may remit tines and forfeitures, grant pardons 
after conviction except in cases of impeachment, and com- 
mute sentences of death to imprisonment at hard labor 
for life or a stated number of years. There is no appeal 
from the judgment of this court. 

Court of Oyer and Terminer. — This court is composed of 
any Supreme Court justice and the judge of the Court of 
Common i'leas. It meets in the respective counties and has 
jurisdiction over all offences of an indictable nature, from 
which appeal may be made to the Supreme Court. 

In addition to the courts specified, there is one for the 
trial of juvenile offenders, which is for the beneficent pur- 
pose of reforming rather than punishing youthful criminals, 
and the Coroner's Court, whose duty is to inquire into 
the causes of all deaths in prison and of those elsewhere 
which have a suspicious appearance. No appeal can be 
taken from the verdict of a coroner's jury. 

It is a singular coincidence that the three presidential 
cabinet members from New Jersey down to 1877, were each 
Secretary of the Navy. They were, Samuel L. Southard, 
1823-29 ; Mahlon Dickerson, 1834-38, and George M. Robe- 
son, 1869-77. The cabinet officers from this State, since 
the last-named date, were, F. T. Frelinghuysen, Secretary 
of State, 1881-85 ; John W. Griggs, Attorney-General, 1898- 
1901, and Lindley M. Garrison, Secretary of War, 1913-1916. 
Having done so well with the cabinet. New Jersey gave the 
nation her governor (Woodrow Wilson) ^ in 1913, and again 
in 1917, as President of the United States. 

The population of New Jersey in 1790 was 184,139 and 
in 1915, 2,844,342. 

OHRONOLOGIOAL LIST OF G-OVBRNORS. 

Cornelius Jacobsen Mey (Director New Netherlands), 1624 

William Verbulst (Director New Netherlands) 1625 

Peter Minuit (Governor of New Netherlands) 1626 to 1631 

Bastiaen Jansseu Crol (Director Gen. New Nether- 
lands) 1631 to 1633 

Wouter Van Twiller (Governor of New Netherlands) . . 1633 to 1637 

William Kleft (Governor of New Netherlands) 1633 to 1637 

Col. John Printz (Governor of New Sweden) 1642 to 1653 

Peter Stuyvesant (Governor of New Netherlands).... 1646 to 1664 

Philip Carteret (first English Governor) 1664 to 1676 

GOVERNORS OF EAST JERSEY. 

Philip Carteret 1677 to 1682 

Robert Barclay (Proprietary Governor in England) . . . 1682 to 1690 

Thomas Rudyard (Deputy Governor) 1682 to 1683 

Gawen Lawrie (Deputy Governor) 1683 to 1686 



20 LIST OF GOVERNORS. 

Lord Neil Campbell (Deputy Governor) 1686 to 1687 

Andrew Hamilton (Deputy Governor) 1687 to 1690 

Major Edmund Andross (Royal Governor of New York), 1688 to 1689 
John Tatbam (Proprietary Governor — rejected by 

Province) 1690 

Col. Joseph Dudley (Proprietary Governor — rejected by 

the Province) 1692 to 1697 

Colonel Andrew Hamilton 1692 to 1697 

Jeremiah Basse 1698 to 1699 

Andrew Bowne (Deputy Governor) 1699 

Andrew Hamilton 1699 to 1702 



GOVERNORS OF WEST JERSEY. 

Board of Commissioners 1676 to 1681 

Edward Byllinge (Governor) 1680 to 1687 

Samuel Jennings (Deputy Governor) 1681 to 1684 

Thomas Ollive (Deputy Governor) 1684 to 1685 

John Skene (Deputy Governor) 1685 to 1687 

Daniel Coxe 1687 to 1692 

Major Edmund Andros (Governor of New York) 1688 to 1689 

Edward Hunloke (Deputy Governor) 1690 

West Jersey Society of Proprietors 1691 

Colonel Andrew Hamilton 1692 to 1697 

Jeremiah Basse (of both Provinces) 1697 to 1699 

Colonel Andrew Hamilton 1699 to 1702 

EAST AND WEST JERSEY UNITED. 

Edward, Lord Cornbury, Governor 1703 to 1708 

John, Lord Lovelace (died in office) 1708 

Richard Ingoldsby, Lieutenant-Governor 1709 to 1710 

General Robert Hunter 1710 to 1719 

Lewis Morris (President of Council) 1719 to 1720 

William Burnet 1720 to 1727 

John Montgomerie 1728 to 1731 

Lewis Morris (President of Council) 1731 to 1732 

William Cosby 1732 to 1736 

John Anderson (President of Council) 1736 

John Hamilton (President of Council) 1736 to 1738 

(The foregoing were also Governors of New York at the same 
time.) 

SEPARATE FROM NEW YORK. 

Lewis Morris 1738 to 1746 

John Hamilton (President of Council) 1746 to 1747 

John Reading (President of Council) 1747 

Jonathan Belcher 1747 to 1757 

Thomas Pownall, Lieutenant-Governor 1757 

John Reading (President of Council) 1757 to 1758 

Francis Bernard 1758 to 1760 

Thomas Boone 1760 to 1761 

Josiah Hardy 1761 to 1762 

William Franklin 1763 to 1776 

FROM THE ADOPTION OF THE STATE CONSTITUTION, 

William Livingston (Federalist) 1776 to 1790 

William Paterson (Federalist) 1790 to 1792 

Richard Howell (Federalist) 1792 to 1801 

Joseph Bloomfield (Democrat) 1801 to 1802 



LIST OF GOVERNORS. 21 

John Lambert, President of Council and Acting Gov- 
ernor (Democrat) 1802 to 1803 

Joseph Bloomtield (Democrat) 1803 to 1812 

Aaron Ogden (Federalist) 1813 to 1813 

William S. Pennington (Democrat) 1813 to 1815 

Mablon Dickerson (Democrat) 1815 to 1817 

Isaac H. Williamson (Federalist) 1817 to 1829 

Garret D. Wall (Democrat) 1829 decl'd 

Peter D. Vroom (Democrat) 1829 to 1832 

Samuel L. Southard (Whig) 1832 to 1833 

Elias P. Seeley (Whig) 1833 to 1833 

Peter D. Vroom (Democrat) 1833 to 1836 

I'hilemon Dickerson (Democrat) 1836 to 1837 

William Pennington (Whig) 1837 to 1843 

Daniel Haines (Democrat) 1843 to 1844 

Charles C. Stratton (Whig) 1845 to 1848 

Daniel Haines (Democrat) 1848 to 1851 

George F. Fort (Democrat) 1851 to 1854 

Rodman M. Price (Democrat) 1854 to 1857 

William A. Newell (Republican) 1857 to I860 

Charles S. Olden (Republican) Ib60 to 1863 

Joel Parker (Democrat) 1863 to 1866 

Marcus L. Ward (Republican) 1866 to 1869 

Theodore F. Randolph (Democrat) 1869 to 1872 

Joel Parker (Democrat) 1872 to 1875 

Joseph D. Bedle (Democrat) 1875 to 1878 

George B. McClellan (Democrat) 1878 to 1881 

George C. Ludlow (Democrat) 1881 to 1884 

Leon Abbett (Democrat) 1884 to 1887 

Robert S. Green (Democrat) 1887 to 1890 

Leon Abbett (Democrat) 1890 to 1893 

George T. Werts (Democrat) 1893 to 1896 

John W. Griggs (Republican) 1896 to 1898 

Foster M. Voorhees (Rep.), Acting Governor 

Feb. 1, "98, to Oct. 18, '98 

David 0. Watkins (Rep.), Acting Governor 

Oct. 18, '98, to Jan. 16, '99 

Foster M. Voorhees (Republican) 1899 to 1902 

Franklin Murphy (Republican) 1902 to 1905 

Edward C. Stokes (Republican) 1905 to 1908 

John Franklin Fort (Republican) 1908 to 1911 

Woodrow Wilson (Democrat) 1911 to 1913 

James F. Fielder (Democrat), Acting Governor 

March 1, '13, to Oct, 28, '13 

Leon R. Taylor (Democrat), Acting Governor 

Oct. 28 to Jan. 20, '14 

James F. Fielder (Democrat) 1914 to 1917 

Walter E. Edge (Republican) 1917 to 

OTHER ACTING GOVERNORS OF NEW JERSEY. 

The following is a list of Presidents of the Senate who served 
as Acting Governors, for brief periods, during temporary absence 
of regular Governors: 

William M. Johnson (Rep. ) , Bergen 1900 

Edmund W. Wakelee (Rep.), Bergen 1904 

Joseph S. Frelinghuysen ( Rep. ) , Somerset 1909 

Erne.st R. Ackerman (Rep.), Union 1911 

John Dyneley Prince (Rep.), Passaic 1912 

John W. Slocum (Dem.). Monmouth 1914 

Walter E. Edge (Rep.). Atlantic 1915 

George W. F. Gaunt (Rep.), Gloucester 1916-1917 

Thomas F. McCran (Rep. ) , Passaic 1918 



22 UNITED STATES SENATORS. 

UNITED STATES SENATORS. 



The following is a list of the United States Senators for New 
Jersey from 1789 to date: 

Jonathan Elmer, March 4, 1789, to March 3, 1791. 

William Paterson, March 4, 1789, to November 23, 1790. 

Philemon Dickinson, November 23, 1790, to March 3, 1793. 

John Rutherford, March 4, 1791, to December 5, 1798. 

Frederick Frelinghuysen, March 4, 1793, to November 12, 1796. 

Richard Stockton, November 12, 1796, to March 3, 1799. 

Franklin Davenport, December 5, 1798, to February 14, 1799. 

James Schureman, February 14, 1799, to February 26, 1801. 

Jonathan Dayton, March 4, 1799, to March 3, 1805. 

Aaron Ogden, February 26, 1801, to March 3, 1803. 

John Condit, September 1, 1803, to March 3, 1809. 

Aaron Kltchell, March 4, 1805, to March 21, 1809. 

John Lambert. March 4, 1809, to March 3, 1815. 

John Condit, March 21, 1809, to March 3, 1817. 

James Jefferson Wilson, March 4, 1815, to January 26, 1.., I. 

Mahlon Dickerson, March 4, 1817, to March 3, 1829. 

Samuel L. Southard, January 26, 1821, to November 12, 1823. 

Joseph Mcllvaine, November 12, 1823, to August 16, 1826. 

Ephraim Bateman, November 10, 1826, to January 30, 1829. 

Theodore Frellnghuysen, March 4, 1829, to March 3, 1835. 

Mahlon Dickerson. January 30, 1829, to March 3, 1833. 

Samuel L. Southard, March 4, 1833, to June 26, 1842. 

Garret D. Wall, March 4, 1835. to March 3, 1841. 

Jacob W. Miller, March 4, 1841, to March 3, 1853. 

William L. Dayton, July 2, 1842, to March 3, 1851. 

Jacob W. Miller, January 4, 1&41, to March 3, 1853. 

Robert F. Stockton, March 4. 1851, to February 11, 1853. 

William Wright, March 4, 1853. to March 3, 1859. 

John R. Thomson (died), February 11, 1853, to December, 1862. 

Richard S. Field (vacancy), December 12, 1862, to January la, 

1863. 
John C. Ten Eyck, from March 17, 1859, to March 3, 1865. 
James W. Wall (vacancy), January 14, 1863, to March 3, 1863. 
William Wright, March 4, 1863, to November, 1866. 
F. T. FrelinghuTsen, November, 1806, to March 3, 1869. 
John P. Stockton. March 4, 1865, to March 27, 1866. 
Alexander G. Cattell, March 27, 1866, to March 3, 1871. 
John P. Stockton, March 4, 1809. to March 3. 1875. 
F. T. Frellnghuysen, March 4, 1871, to March 3, 1877. 
T. F. Randolph, March 4, 1875, to March 3, 1881. 
John R. McPherson, March 4, 1877, to March 3, 1895. 
William J. Sewell, March 4, 1881, to March 3, 1887. 
Rufus Blodgett, March 4, 1887, to March 3, 1893. 
James Smith, Jr., March 4. 1893, to March 3, 1899. 
William J. Sewell, March 4, 1895, to December 26, 1901. 
John Kean, March 4. 1899, to March 3, 1911. 
John F. Dryden, February 4, 1902, to March 3, 1907. 
Frank O. Briggs, March 4, 1907, to March 3, 1913. 
James E. Martine, March 4, 1911, to March 3. 1917. 
William Hughes, March 4, 1913, to January 30, 1918. 

Joseph S. Frellnghuysen. March 4. 1917. to . 

David Baird, March 7, 1918, to March 3, 1919. 
Walter E. Edge, 1919, to . 



CONSTITUTION OP THE U. S. 29 

this Union, according to their respective numbers, which 
shall be determined by adding to the whole number of free 
persons, including those bound to service for a term of 
years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three-fifths of all 
other persons. The actual enumeration shall be made 
within three years after the first meeting of the congress 
of the United States, and within every subsequent term 
of ten years, in such manner as they shall by law direct. 
The number of representatives shall not exceed one for 
every thirty thousand, but each State shall have at least 
one representative; and until such enumeration shall be 
made, the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled to 
choose three; Massachusetts, eight; Rhode Island and 
Providence" Plantations, one; Connecticut, five; New York, 
six; New Jersey, four; Pennsylvania, eight; Delaware, 
one; Maryland, six; Virginia, ten; North Carolina, five; 
South Carolina, five; and Georgia, three. 

FILLING OF VACANCIES. 

4. When vacancies happen in the representation of any 
State, the executive authority thereof shall issue writs of 
election to fill such vacancies. 

OFFICERS— IMPEACHMENT. 

5. The house of representatives shall choose their speaker 
and other officers, and shall have the sole power of im- 
peachment. 

SENATE— HOW COMPOSED. 

Section III. 

1. The senate of the United States shall be composed of 
two senators from each State, chosen by the legislatur« 
thereof, for six years, and each senator shall have one 
vote. 

ROTATION OF SENATORS. 

2. Immediately after they shall be assembled, in conse- 
quence of the first election, they shall be divided as equally 
as may be into three classes. The seats of the senators of 
the first class shall be vacated at the expiration of the 
second year; of the second class, at the expiration of the 
fourth year; and of the third class, at the expiration of 
the sixth year, so that one-third may be chosen every 
second year. And if vacancies happen by resignation, or 
otherwise, during the recess of the legislature of any 
State, the executive thereof may make temporary appoint- 
ments until the next meeting of the legislature, which 
shall then fill such vacancies. 



30 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

THEIR QUALIFICATIONS. 

3. No person shall be a senator who shall not have at- 
tained to the age of thirty years, and been nine years a 
citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when 
elected, be an inhabitant of that State for which he shall 
be chosen. 

PRESIDENT OF THE SENATE. 

4. The Vice-President of the United States shall be presi- 
dent of the senate, but shall have no vote unless they be 
equally divided. 

SENATE OFFICERS. 

5. The senate shall choose their other officers, and also a 
president pro tempore, in the absence of the Vice-Presi- 
dent, or when he shall exercise the office of President of 
the United States. 

THE SENATE'S POWERS. 

6. The senate shall have the sole power to try all im- 
peachments. When sitting- for that purpose, they shall be 
on oath or affirmation. When the President of the United 
States is tried, the chief justice shall preside. And no 
person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two- 
thirds of the members present. 

7. Judgment, in cases of impeachment, shall not extend 
further than to removal from office, and disqualification 
to hold and enjoy any office of honor, trust or profit under 
the United States; but the party convicted shall, never- 
theless, be liable and subject to indictment, trial, judg- 
ment and punishment according to law. 



MEMBERS OF CONGRESS— HOW ELECTED. 
Section IV. 

1. The times, places and manner of holding elections for 
senators and representatives shall be prescribed in each 
State, by the legislature thereof; but the congress may, at 
any time, by law, make or alter such regulations, except 
as to the places of choosing senators. 

WHEN CONGRESS SHALL MEET. 

2. Congress shall assemble at least once in every year; 
and such meeting shall be on the first Monday in Decem- 
ber, unless they shall by law appoint a different day. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 31 

POWERS AND DUTIES OF EACH HOUSE. 

Section V. 

1. Each house shall be the judge of the elections, returns 
and qualifications of its own members; and a majority of 
each shall constitute a quorum to do business; but a small- 
er number may adjourn from day to day, and may be 
authorized to compel the attendance of absent members, in 
such manner and under such penalties as each house may 
provide. 

RULES, &C. 

2. Each house may determine the rules of its proceedings, 
punish its members for disorderly behavior, and, with the 
concurrence of two-thirds, expel a member. 

JOURNALS. 

3. Each house shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and 
from time to time publish the same, excepting such parts 
as may, in their judgment, require secrecy; and the yeas 
and nays of the members of each house, on any question, 
shall, at the desire of one-fifth of those present, be entered 
on the journal. 

ADJOURNMENT. 

4. Neither house, during the session of congress, shall, 
without the consent of the other, adjourn for more than 
three days, nor to any other place than that in which the 
two houses shall be sitting. 

COMPENSATION, PRIVILEGES AND INCAPACITIES. 
Section VI. 

1. The senators and representatives shall receive a com- 
pensation for their services, to be a.scertained by law, and 
paid out of the treasury of the United States. They shall, 
in all cases, except treason, felony, and breach of the 
peace, be privileged from arrest during their attendance 
at the session of their respective houses, and in going to 
and returning from the sam.e; and for any speech or de- 
bate in either house, they shall not be questioned in any 
other place. 

APPOINTMENT TO OFFICE. 

2. No senator or representative shall, during the time for 
which he was elected, be appointed to any civil office under 
the authority of the United States, which shall have been 
created, or the emoluments whereof shall have been in- 
creased, during such time; and no person holding any office 



32 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

under the United States, shall be a member of either house 
during his continuance in office. 

REVENUE BILLS. 

Section VIL 

1. All bills for raising- revenue shall originate in the house 
of representatives; but the senate may propose or concur 
with amendments, as on other bills. 

PASSING BILLS, &C. 

2. Every bill which shall have passed the house of repre- 
sentatives and the senate, shall, before it become a law, 
be presented to the President of the United States; if he 
approve, he shall sign it; but if not, he shall return it, with 
his objections, to that house in which it shall have origi- 
nated, who shall enter the objections at large on their jour- 
nal, and proceed to reconsider it. If, after such reconsid- 
eration, two-thirds of that house shall agree to pass the 
bill, it shall be sent, together with the objections, to the 
other house, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, 
and if approved by two-thirds of that house, it shall be- 
come a law. But in all such cases the votes of both houses 
shall be determined by yeas and nays, and the names of 
the persons voting for and against the bill shall be en- 
tered on the journal of each house respectively. If any 
bill shall not be returned by the President within ten days 
(Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to 
him, the same shall be a law, in like manner as if he had 
signed it, unless the congress, by their adjournment, pre- 
vent its return, in which case it shall not be a law. 

ORDERS AND RESOLUTIONS. 

3. Every order, resolution or vote, to which the concur- 
rence of the senate and house of representatives may be 
necessary (except on the question of adjournment), shall 
be presented to the President of the United States, and 
before the same shall take effect, shall be approved by 
him, or, being disapproved by him, shall be repassed by 
two-thirds of the senate and house of representatives, ac- 
cording to the rules and limitations prescribed in the case 
of a bill. 

POWERS OF CONGRESS. 

Section VIIL 
The congress shall have power: 

1. To lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises, 
to pay the debts and provide for the common defense, and 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 33 

general welfare of the United States; but all duties, Im- 
posts and excises shall be uniform throughout the United 
States. 

2. To borrow money on the credit of United States; 

3. To regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among 
the several States, and with the Indian tribes; 

4. To establish an uniform rule of naturalization, and 
uniform laws on the subject of bankruptcies, throughout 
the United States; 

5. To coin money, regulate the value thereof, and of for- 
eign coins, and fix the standard of weights and measures; 

6. To provide for the punishment of counterfeiting the 
securities and current coin of the United States; 

7. To establish post offices and post roads; 

8. To promote the progress of science and useful arts, by 
securing, for limited times, to authors and inventors, the 
exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries; 

9. To constitute tribunals inferior to the supreme court; 

10. To define and punish piracies and felonies committed 
on the high seas, and offenses against the law of nations; 

11. To declare war, grant letters of marque and reprisal, 
and make rules concerning captures on land and water; 

12. To raise and support armies; but no appropriation of 
jnoney to that use shall be for a longer term than two 
years; 

13. To provide and maintain a navy; 

14. To make rules for the government and regulation of 
the land and naval forces; 

15. To provide for calling forth the militia to execute the 
laws cf the Union, suppress insurrections and repel in- 
vasions; 

IC. To provide for organizinz, arming and disciplining the 
militia, and for governing such part of them as may be 
employed in the service of the United States, reserving to 
the States, respectively, the appointment of the officers, 
and the authority of training the militia according to the 
discipline prescribed by congress; 

17. To exercise exclusive legislation, in all cases whatso- 
ever, over such district (not exceeding ten miles square), 
as may, by cession of particular States, and the accept- 
ance of congress, become the seat of government of the 
United States; and to exercise like authority over all places 
purchased by the consent of the legislature of the State 
in which the same shall be, for the erection of forts, maga- 
zines, arsenals, dock-yards and other needful buildings; 
and— 

18. To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper, 



34- CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

for carrying into execution the foregoing powers and all 
other powers vested by this constitution in the govern- 
ment of the United States, or in any department or officer 
thereof. 

LIMITATIONS OF THE POWERS OF CONGRESS. 

Section IX. 

1. The migration or importation of such persons as any 
of the States now existing shall think proper to admit, 
shall not be prohibited by the congress, prior to the year 
one thousand eight hundred and eight, but a tax or duty 
may be imposed on such im.portation, not exceeding ten 
dollars for each person. 

2. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be 
suspended, unless, when in cases of rebellion or invasion, 
the public safety may require it. 

3. No bill of attainder, or ex post facto law shall be 
passed. 

4. No capitation or other direct tax shall be laid, unless 
In proportion to the census or enumeration hereinbefore 
directed to be taken. 

5. No tax or duty shall be laid on articles exported from 
anj' State. No preference shall be given, by any regulation 
of commerce or revenue, to the ports of one State over- 
those of another; nor shall vessels bound to or from one 
State, be obliged to enter, clear or pay duties in another. 

6. No money shall be drawn from the treasury, but in 
consequence of appropriations made by law; and a regular 
statement and account of the receipts and expenditures of 
all public money shall be published from time to time. 

7. No title of nobility shall be granted by the United 
States; and no person holding any office of profit or trust 
under them, shall, without the consent of the congress, 
accept of any present, emolument, office or title of any kind 
whatever, from any king, prince or foreign State. 

LIMITATIONS OF THE POWERS OF INDI- 
VIDUAL STATES. 

Section X. 

1. No State shall enter into any treaty, alliance or con- 
federation; grant letters of marque and reprisal; coin 
money; emit bills of credit; make anything but gold and 
silver coin a tender in payment of debts; pass any bill of 
attainder, ex post facto law, or law impairing the obliga- 
tion of contracts; or grant any title of nobility. 

2. No State shall, without the consent of the congress. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 35 

lay any imposts or duties on Imports or exports, except 
what may be absolutely necessary'- for executing its in- 
spection laws; and the net produce of all duties and im- 
posts laid by any State on imports or exports, shall be for 
the use of the treasury of the United States; and all such 
laws shall be subject to the revision and control of the 
congress. 

3. No State shall, without the consent of congress, lay 
any duty of tonnage, keep troops or ships of war in time 
of peace, enter into any agreement or compact with an- 
other State, or with a foreign power, or engage in war, 
unless actually invaded, or in such imminent danger as will 
not admit delay. 

ARTICLE II. 

THE EXECUTIVE POWER. 
Section I. 

1. The executive power shall be vested in a President of 
the United States of America. He shall hold his office dur- 
ing the term of four years, and, together with the Vice- 
Pre;^ident, chosen for the same term, be elected as follows: 

HOW ELECTED. 

2. Each State shall appoint, in such manner as the legis- 
lature thereof may direct, a number of electors equal to 
the whole number of senators and representatives to which 
the State may be entitled in congress; but no senator or 
representative, or person holding an office of trust or profit 
under the United States, shall be appointed an elector. 

ELECTORAL COLLEGES. 

3. The electors shall meet in their respective States, and 
vote by ballot, for two persons, of whom one, at least, shall 
not be an inhabitant of the same State with themselves. 
And they shall make a list of all the persons voted for, and 
of the number of votes for each; which list they shall sign 
and certify, and transmit, sealed, to the seat of the gov- 
ernment of the United States, directed to the president of 
the senate. The president of the senate shall, in the pres- 
ence of the senate and house of representatives, open all 
the certificates, and the votes shall then be counted. The 
person having the greatest number of votes shall be the 
President, if such number be a majority of the whole num- 
ber of electors appointed; and if there be more than one 
who have such majority, and have an equal number of 
votes, then the house of representatives shall immediately 



36 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

choose by ballot, one of them for President; and If no per- 
son have a majority, then from the five highest on the 
list, the said house shall in like manner choose the Presi- 
dent. But in choosing the President, the votes shall be 
taken by States, the representation from each State having 
one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall consist of a mem- 
ber or members from two-thirds of the States, and a ma- 
jority of the States shall be necessary to a choice. In 
every case, after the choice of the President, the person 
having the greatest number of votes of the electors, shall 
be the Vice-President. But if there should remain two or 
more who have equal votes, the senate shall choose from 
them, by ballot, the Vice-President. [See Xllth amend- 
ment.] 

4. The congress may determine the time of choosing the 
electors, and the day on which they shall give their ■■":-tes, 
which day shall be the same throughout the United States. 

WHO MAT BE ELECTED PRESIDENT. 

5. No person except a natural born citizen, or a citizen of 
the United States at the time of the adoption of this con- 
stitution, shall be eligible to the office of President; neither 
shall any person be eligible to that office who shall not 
have attained to the age of thirty-five years, and been 
fourteen years a resident within the United States. [See 
Xllth amendment.! 

ON THE DEATH, REMOVAL, &C., OP THE PRESI- 
DENT, THE POWERS AND DUTIES DE- 
VOLVE UPON THE VICE- 
PRESIDENT. 

6. In case of the removal of the President from office, or 
of his death, resignation or inability to discharge the pow- 
ers and duties of the said office, the same shall devolve on 
the Vice-President; and the congress may, by law, provide 
for the case of removal, death, resignation or inability, 
both of the President and Vice-President, declaring what 
officer shall then act as President, and such officer shall 
act accordingly, until the disability be removed, or a 
President shall be elected. 

COMPENSATION OF THE PRESIDENT. 

7. The President shall, at stated times, receive for his 
services a compensation which shall neither be increased 
nor diminished during the period for which he shall have 
been elected; and he shall not receive, within that period. 



CONSTITUTION OP THE U. S. 37 

any other emolument from the United States or any of 
them. 

8. Before he enters on the execution of his office, he shall 
take the following oath or affirmation: 

THE OATH. , 

"I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully 
execute the office of President of the United States, and 
will, to the best of my ability, preserve, protect and defend 
the constitution of the United States." 

POWERS, &C., OF THE PRESIDENT. 
Section II. 

1. The President shall be commander-in-chief of the army 
and navy of the United States, and of the militia of the 
several States, when called into actual service of the 
United States; he may require the opinion, in writing-, of 
the principal officer in each of the executive departments, 
upon any subject relating to the duties of their respective 
offices,' and he shall have power to grant reprieves and 
pardons for offenses against the United States, except in 
cases of impeachment. 

TREATIES. AMBASSADORS, &C. 

2. He shall have power, by and with the advice and con- 
sent of the senate, to make treaties, provided two-thirds 
of the senators present concur; and he shall nominate, and 
by and with the advice and consent of the senate shall 
appoint, ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls. 
Judges of the supreme court, and all other officers of the 
United States whose appointments are not herein other- 
wise provided for, and which shall be established by law. 
But the congress may, by law, vest the appointment of 
such inferior officers as they think proper in the President 
alone, in the courts of law, or in the heads of department. 

APPOINTING POWER. 

3. The President shall have power to fill up all vacancies 
that may happen during the recess of the senate, by grant- 
ing commissions, which shall expire at the end of their 
next session. 

DUTIES OF THE PRESIDENT. 
Section III. 
He shall, from time to time, give to the congress infor- 
mation of the state of the Union, and recommend to their 



38 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

consideration such measures as he shall judge necessary 
and expedient; he may, on extraordinary occasions, con- 
vene both houses, or either of them; and in case of disa- 
greement between <khem with respect to the time of ad- 
journment, he may adjourn them to such time as he shall 
think proper; he shall receive ambassadors and other pub- 
lic ministers; he shall take care that the laws be faithfully 
executed, and shall commission all the officers of the 
United States. 

IMPEACHMENT, &C. 
Section IV. 

The President, Vice-President and all civil officers of the 
United States shall be removed from office on impeachment 
for, and conviction of, treason, bribery or other high 
crimes and misdemeanors. 



ARTICLE III. ^ 

THE JUDICIAL POWER. 

Section I. 

The judicial power of the United States shall be vested 
in one supreme court, and in such inferior courts as the 
congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The 
judges, both of the supreme and inferior courts, shall hold 
their offices during good behavior, and shall, at stated 
times, receive for their service a compensation, which shall 
not be diminished during their continuance in office. 

EXTENT OF THE JUDICIAL POWER. 

(See Amendments, Art. XI.) 

Section II. 

1. The judicial power shall extend to all cases in law and 
equity arising under this constitution, the laws of the 
United States, and treaties made, or which shall be made, 
under their authority; to all cases affecting ambassadors, 
or other public ministers and consuls; to all cases of ad- 
miralty and maritime jurisdiction; to controversies to 
which the United States shall be a party; to controversies 
between two or more States; between a State and citizens 
of another State; between citizens of different States; be- 
tween citizens of the same State, claiming lands under 
grants of different States, and between a State, or the 
citizens thereof, and foreign States, citizens or subjects. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 39 

ORIGINAL AND APPELLATE -JURISDICTION OP 
THE SUPREME COURT. 

2. In all eases affecting ambassadors, other public min- 
isters and consuls, and those in which a State shall be 
partj^, the supreme court shall have original jurisdiction. 
In all the other cases before mentioned, the supreme court 
shall have appellate jurisdiction, both as to law and fact, 
with such exceptions and under such regulations as the 
congress shall make. 

TRIALS FOR CRIMES. 

■3. The trials of all crimes, except in cases of impeach- 
ment, shall be by jury, and such trial shall be held in the 
State where the said crime shall have been committed; but 
when not committed within any State, the trial shall be at 
such place or places as the congress may by law have 
directed. 

TREASON— WHAT AND HOW PUNISHED. 

Section III. 

1. Treason against the United States shall consist only in 
levying war against them, or in adhering to their enemies, 
giving them aid and comfort. No person shall be con- 
victed of treason unless on the testimony of two witnesses 
to the same overt act, or on confession in open court. 

2. The congress shall have power to declare the punish- 
ment of treason, but no attainder of treason shall work 
corruption of blood, or forfeiture, except during the life of 
the person attainted. 

ARTICLE IV. 

ACTS, RECORDS, &C., OF EACH STATE. 

Section I. 

Full faith and credit shall be given, in each State, to the 
public acts, records and judicial proceedings of every other 
State. And the congress may, by general laws, prescribe 
the manner in which such acts, records and proceedings 
shall be proved, and the effect thereof. 

PRIVILEGES OF CITIZENS. 

Section II. 

1. The citizens of each State shall be entitled to all privi- 
leges and immunities of citizens in the several States. 



40 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

FUGITIVES FROM JUSTICE. 

2. A person charged in any State with treason, felony or 
other crime, who shall flee from justice and be found in 
another State, shall, on demand of the executive authority 
of the State from which he fled, be delivered up, to be 
removed to the St.ate having jurisdiction of the crime. 

SERVANTS. &C., TO BE SURRENDERED ON CLAIM. 

3. No person held to service or labor in one State, under 
the laws thereof, escaping into another, shall, in conse- 
quence of any law or regulation therein, be discharged 
from such service or labor, but shall be delivered up, on 
claim of the party to whom such service or labor may be 
due. 

HOW NEW STATES ARE ADMITTED. 
Section III. 

1. New States may be admitted by the congress into this 
Union; but no new State shall be formed or erected within 
the jurisdiction of any other State, nor any State be 
formed by the junction of two or more States or parts of 
States, without the consent of the legislatures of the 
States concerned, as well as of the congress. 

THE DISPOSITION OF TERRITORIES. 

2. The congress shall have power to dispose of, and make 
all needful rules and regulations respecting, the territory 
or other property belonging to the United States; and 
nothing in this constitution shall be so construed as to 
prejudice any claims of the United States, or of any par- 
ticular State. 



GUARANTY AND PROTECTION OF THE STATES 
BY THE UNION. 

Section IV. 

The United States shall guarantee to every State in this 
Union, a republican form of government, and shall protect 
each of them against invasion; and, on application of the 
legislature or of the executive (when the legislature can- 
not be convened), against domestic violence. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 41 

ARTICLE V. 

AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION- 
HOW MADE. 

The congress, whenever two-thirds of both houses shall 
deem it necessary, shall propose amendments to this con- 
stitution; or, on the application of the legislatures of two- 
thirds of the several States, shall call a convention for 
proposing amendments, which in either case shall be valid, 
to all intents and purposes, as part of this constitution, 
when ratified by the legislatures of three-fourths of the 
several States, or by conventions in three-fourths thereof, 
as the one or the other mode of ratification may be pro- 
posed by the congress; provided, that no amendment which 
may be made prior to the year eighteen hundred and eight 
shall in any manner affect the first and fourth clauses in 
the ninth section of the first article, and that no State, 
without its consent, shall be deprived of its equal suffrage 
in the senate. 

ARTICLE VI. 

FORMER DEBTS VALID. 
Section I. 
All debts contracted, and engagements entered into, be- 
fore the adoption of this constitution, shall be as valia 
against the United States under this constitution as under 
the confederation. 

THE SUPREME LAW OF THE LAND. 
Section II. 
This constitution, and the laws of the United States 
which shall be made in pursuance thereof, and all treaties 
made, or which shall be made, under the authority of the 
United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and 
the judges in every State shall be bound thereby, anything 
in the constitution or laws of any State to the contrary 
notwithstanding. 

THE CONSTITUTIONAL OATH NO RELIGIOUS TEST. 
Section III. 
The senators and representatives before mentioned, and 
the members of the several State legislatures, and all ex- 
ecutive and judicial officers, both of the United States and 
of the several States, shall be bound by oath or affirmation 
to support this constitution; but no religious test shall ever 



43 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 



be required as a qualification to any office of public trust 
under the United States. 

ARTICLE VII. 



WHEN THE CONSTITUTION TO TAKE EFFECT. 

The ratification of the conventions of nine States shall be 
sufficient for the establishment of this constitution be- 
tween the States so ratifying the same. 

Done in the convention, by the unanimous consent of the 
States present, the seventeenth day of September, in the 
year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty- 
seven, and of the independence of the United States of 
America the twelfth. 

In witness whereof, we have hereunto subscribed our 
names. 

GEORGE WASHINGTON, President, 

And Deputy from Virginia. 



New Hampshire- 
John Langdon, 
Nicholas Gilman. 

Massachusetts- 
Nathaniel Gorman, 
Rufus King. 

Connecticut — 

William Samuel Johnson, 
Roger Sherman. 

New York— 
. Alexander Hamilton. 

New Jersey- 
William Livingston. 
David Brearley, 
William Paterson, 
Jonathan Dayton. 

Pennsylvania — 

Benjamin Franklin, 
Thomas Mifflin, 
Robert Morris, 
George Clymer, 
Thomas Fitzsimons, 
Jared IngersoU, 
James Wilson, 
Gouv. Morris. 



Delaware- 
George Reed, 
Gunning Bedford, Jun., 
John Dickinson, 
Richard Bassett, 
Jacob Broom. 

Maryland— 

Dan'l of St. Thos, Jeni- 
fer, 
James McHenry, 
Daniel Carroll. 

Virginia — 

John Blair, 

James Madison, Jun. 

North Carolina — 
William Blunt, 
Rich'd Dobbs Spaight, 
Hugh Williamson. 



Attest: 

William Jackson, 

Secretary. 



South Carolina- 
John Rutledge, 
Chas. CoatesworthPinclc- 

ney, 
Charles Pinckney, 
Pierce Butler. 

Georgia- 
William Few, 
Abraham Baldwin. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 43 



AMENDMENTS 

TO THE CONSTITUTION of the United States, Raffled 
According to the Provisions of the Fifth Article of the 
Foregoing Constitution. 



The following articles proposed by congress, in addition 
to and amendments of the constitution of the United 
States, having been ratified by the legislatures of three- 
fourths of the States, are become a part of the consti- 
tution. 

First Congress, First Session, March 5th, 1789. 

ARTICLE I. 

RIGHT OP CONSCIENCE, FREEDOM OF THE 
PRESS, &C. 

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment 
of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or 
abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or th*^ 
right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petitioi. 
the government for a redress of grievances. 

ARTICLE II. 

OF THE MILITIA. 
A well-regulated militia being necessary to the security 
of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear 
arms shall not be infringed. 



ARTICLE in. 

OF QUARTERING SOLDIERS. 

No soldier shall in time of peace be quartered in any 
house without the consent of the owner; nor in time of 
war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law. 

ARTICLE IV. 

OF UNREASONABLE SEARCHES AND SEIZURES. 

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, 
houses, papers and effects, against unreasonable searches 



44 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S, 

and seizures, shall not be violated; and no warrant shall 
issue but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affir- 
mation, and particularly describing- the place to be 
searched, and the persons or things to be seized. 

ARTICLE V. 

OF CRIMES AND INDICTMENTS. 

No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or other- 
wise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indict- 
ment of a grand jury, except in cases arising- in the land 
or naval forces, or in the militia, when in actual service 
in time of war or public danger, nor shall any person be 
subject, for the same offense, to be twice put in jeopardy 
of life and limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal 
case to be witness against himself; nor to be deprived of 
life, liberty or property, without due process of law, nor 
shall private property be taken for public use without just 
compensation. 

ARTICLE VI. 

OF CRIMINAL PROSECUTIONS. 

In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the 
right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of 
the State and district wherein the crime shall have been 
committed, which district shall have been previously ascer- 
tained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause 
of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses 
against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining 
witnesses in his favor, and to have the assistance of coun- 
sel for his defense. 

ARTICLE VII. 

OF TRIAL BY JURY IN CIVIL CASES. 

In suits at common law, where the value in controversy 
shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall 
be preserved; and no fact tried by a jury shall be other- 
wise re-examined in any court of the United States, than 
according to the rules of the common law. 

ARTICLE VIII. 

OF BAILS, FINES AND PUNISHMENTS. 

Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines 
imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S, 45 

ARTICLE IX. 

RESERVED RIGHTS. 

The enumeration in the constitution, of certain rights, 
shall not be construed to deny or disparage others, retained 
by the people. 

ARTICLE X. 

POWERS NOT DELEGATED RESERVED. 

The powers not delegated to the United States by the 
constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved 
to the States respectively, or to the people. 

Third Congress, Second Session, December 2d, 1783. 

ARTICLE XL 

THE JUDICIAL. POWER— SEE ART. 3, SEC. 2. 

The judicial power of the United States shall not be con- 
strued to extend to any suit, in law or equity, commenced 
or prosecuted against one of the United States, by citizens 
of another State, or by citizens or subjects of any foreign 
State. 

Eighth Congress, First Session, October 17th, 1803. 

ARTICLE XII. 

HOW THE PRESIDENT AND VICE-PRESIDENT 
ARE ELECTED. 
The electors shall meet in their respective States,* and 
vote by ballot for President and Vice-President, one of 
whom, at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same 
State with themselves; they shall name, in their ballots, 
the person voted for as President, and in distinct ballots 
the person voted for as Vice-President; and they shall 
make distinct lists of all persons voted for as President, 
and of all persons voted for as Vice-President, and of the 
number of votes for each; which list they shall sign and 
certify, and transmit sealed,! to the seat of the government 
of the United States, directed to the president of the sen- 



♦On the second Monday In January next following their 
appointment. 
tAfter th© second Monday in January. 



46 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

ate; the president of the senate shall, in the presence of 
the senate and house of representatives, open all the cer- 
tificates,* and the votes shall then be counted; the person 
having the greatest number of votes for President shall 
be the President, if such number be a majority of the whole 
number of electors appointed. And if no person have such 
majority, then from the persons having the highest num- 
bers, not exceeding three, on the list of those voted for as 
President, the house of representatives shall choose imme- 
diately, by ballot, the President; but in choosing the Presi- 
dent, the votes shall be taken by States, the representation 
from each State having one vote; a quorum for this pur- 
pose shall consist of a member or members from two- 
thirds of the States, and a majority of all the States shall 
be necessary to a choice; and if the house of representa- 
tives shall not choose a President, whenever the right of a 
choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth day of 
March next following, then the Vice-President shall act as 
President, as in the case of the death or other constitu- 
tional disability of the President. The person having the 
greatest number of votes as Vice-President shall be the 
Vice-President, if such number be a majority of the whole 
number of electors appointed; and if no person have a ma- 
jority, then from the two highest numbers on the list, the 
senate shall choose the Vice-President; a quorum for the 
purpose shall consist of two-thirds of the whole number of 
senators, and a majority of the whole number shall be 
necessary to a choice. But no person constitutionally ineli- 
gible to the office of President, shall be eligible to that of 
Vice-President of the United States. 

ARTICLE XIII. 

SLAVERY ABOLISHED— 13TH AMENDMENT, 

PASSED 1865. 

Section I. 

Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a 

punishment for crime, whereof the party shall have been 

duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any 

place subject to their jurisdiction. 

Section II. 
Congress shall have power to enforce this article by ap- 
propriate legislation. 



*On the 2d Wednesday in February, by the same act. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 47 

CITIZENS AND THEIR RIGHTS— 14TH AMENDMENT. 

Section I. 

All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and 
subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the 
United States, and of the State wherein they reside. No 
State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge 
the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United 
States. Nor shall any State deprive any person of life, 
liberty or property without due process of law, nor deny 
to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection 
of the laws. 

APPORTIONMENT OF REPRESENTATIVES. 

Section II. 

Representatives shall be apportioned among the several 
States according to their respective number, counting the 
whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians 
not taxed; but whenever the right to vote at any election 
for electors of President and Vice-President, or for United 
States representatives in congress, executive and judicial 
oflScers, or the members of the legislature thereof, is de- 
nied to any of the male inhabitants of such State, being 
twenty-one ye.a's of age, and citizens of the United States, 
or in any way abridged, except for participation in rebel- 
lion or other crime, the basis of representation therein 
shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of 
such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male 
citizens twenty-one years of age in such State. 



DISABILITY OF PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE 
REBELLION. 

Section III. 

No person shall be a senator or representative in con- 
gress, elector of President and Vice President, or hold any 
ofRce, civil or military, under the United States, or under 
any State, who, having previously taken an oath as a 
member of congress, or as an officer of the United States, 
or as a member of any State legislature, or as an executive 
or judicial officer of any State to support the constitution 
of the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or 
rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the 
enemies thereof; but congress may, by a vote of two-thirds 
of each house, remove such disability. 



4S CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S 

VALIDITY OF PUBLIC DEBT NOT TO BE QUES- 
TIONED. 

Section IV. 

The validity of the public debt of the United States au- 
thorized by law, including- debts incurred for the payment 
of pensions and bounties for service in suppressing insur- 
rection or rebellion, shall not be questioned, but neither 
the United States nor any State shall assume or pay any 
debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebel- 
lion against the United States, or claim for the loss or 
emancipation of any slave, but all such debts, obligations 
and claims shall be held illegal and void. 

Section V. 

The congress shall have power to enforce, by appropri- 
ate legislation, the provisions of this article. 



ARTICLE XV. 

RIGHT OF SUFFRAGE NOT TO BE IMPAIRED. 

Section I. 

The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall 
not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any 
State, on account of race, color or previous condition of 
servitude. 

Section II. 

The congress shall have power to enforce this article 
by appropriate legislation. 

[The fifteenth amendment passed at the Fortieth Con- 
gress.] 



it:E;-?y i/igssiEi-r 







' I / 




/ 



\.„... 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 49 

ARTICLE XVI. 

POWER TO LAY AND COLLECT TAXES ON 
INCOMES. 

The congress shall have power to lay and collect 
taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, with- 
out apportionment among the States, and without 
regard to any census or enumeration. 

ARTICLE XVII. 

UNITED STATES SENATORS TO BE ELECTED BY 
THE PEOPLE. 

The senate of the United States shall be composed 
of two senators from eacli State, elected by the people 
thereof, for six years; and each senator shall have 
one vote. The electors in each State shall have the 
qualifications requisite for election of the most numer- 
ous branch of the State legislatures. 

Whenever vacancies happen in the representation of 
any State in the senate, the executive authority of 
such State shall issue writs of election to fill such 
vacancies, provided that the legislature of any State 
may empower the executive thereof to make temporary 
appointments until the people fill the vacancies by 
election as the legislature may direct. 

This amendment shall not be so construed as to 
affect the election or term of any senator chosen 
before it becomes valid as part of the Constitution. 
4 



50 PRESIDENTS. 



PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES. 



Tear of 

Qualification. Name. Where From. Term of Office. 

1789. . .George Washington. .. .Virginia 8 year?. 

1797... John Adams Massachusetts ..4 years. 

1801. . .Thomas Jefferson Virginia 8 years. 

1809. . .James Madison ...Virginia 8 years. 

1817... James Monroe Virginia 8 years. 

1824... John Quincy Adams. . .Massachusetts ..4 years. 

1829. . .Andrew Jackson Tennessee 8 year.s. 

1837. . .Martin Van Buren New York 4 years. 

1841... Wm. Henry Harrison*. Ohio 1 month. 

1841. ..John Tyler Virginia 3 yr., 11 mos. 

1845... James Knox Pollt Tennessee 4 years. 

1849. . .Zachary Taylort Louisiana ly., 4m., 5d. 

1850... Millard Fillmore New York 2y., 7m., 26d. 

1853. . .F"ranklin Pierce N. Hampshire. . .4 years. 

1857... James Buchanan Pennsylvania ...4 years. 

1861. . .Abraham Llncolnt Illinois 4y., Im., lOd. 

1865. . .Andrew Johnson Tennessee 3y., 10m., 20d. 

1869. . .Ulysses S. Grant Illinois 8 years. 

1877. . .Rutherford B. Hayes. .Ohio 4 years. 

1881... James A Garfield**. .. Ohio 6m., 15d. 

1881.. .Chester A. Arthur New York 3y., 5m., 15d. 

1885. . .Grover Cleveland New York 4 years. 

1889. . .Benjamin Harrison. ... Indiana 4 years. 

1893. . .Grover Cleveland New York 4 years. 

1897... William McKlnleytt. . . Ohio 4y., 5m.. lid. 

1901. . .Theodore Roosevelt New York 7y.. 6m., 20d. 

1909.. .William H. Taft. . .'. . .Ohio 4 years. 

1913. . .Woodrow Wilson New Jersey 



•Died in office April 4, 1841, when Vice-President Tyler 
succeeded him. 

tDied in office July 9, 1850, when Vice-President Fillmore 
succeeded him. 

tAssasslnated April 14, 1865: died April 15, 1865, when 
Vice-President Johnson succeeded him. 

♦•Assassinated July 2, 1881; died September 19, 1881, when 
Vice-President Arthur succeeded him. ' 

ttAssassinated September 6, 1901; died September 14, 1901, 
when Vice-President Roosevelt succeeded him. 



VICE-PRESIDENTS. 51 



VICE-PRESIDENTS OF UNITED STATES. 



Year of 

Qualification. Name. Where From. 

1789 John Adams Massachusetts. 

1797 Thomas Jefferson .Virginia. 

1801 Aaron Burr New York. 

1804 George Clinton New York. 

1813 Elbrldge Gerry Massachusetts. 

1817 Daniel D. Tompkins New York. 

1824 John C. Calhoun South Carolina. 

1833 Martin Van Buren New York. 

1837 Richard M. Johnson Kentucky. 

1841 John Tyler Virginia. 

1842 Samuel L. Southard* New Jersey. 

1845 George M. Dallas Pennsylvania. 

1849 Millard Fillmore New York. 

1851 William R. King* Alabama. 

1853 ...David R. Atkinson* Missouri. 

1855 '.Jesse D. Bright* Indiana. 

1857 John C. Breckenrldge Kentucky. 

1861 Hannibal Hamlin Maine. 

1865 Andrew Johnson Tennessee. 

1865 Lafayette C. Foster* Connecticut. 

1869 Schuyler Colfax Indiana. 

1873 Henry Wllsont Massachusetts. 

1875 Thomas W. Ferry * Michigan. 

1877 William A. Wheeler New York. 

1881 Chester A. Arthur New York. 

1883 George F. Edmunds Vermont. 

1885 Thomas A. HendrlcksJ Indiana. 

1886 John Sherman* Ohio. 

1889 Levi P. Morton New York, 

1893 Adlal E. Stevenson Illinois. 

1897 Garret A. Hobart** New Jersey. 

1899 William P. Frye* Maine. 

1901 Theodore Roosevelt New York. 

1901 William P. Frye*.. Maine. 

1905 Charles W. Fairbanks Indiana. 

1909 James S. Sherman** New York. 

1913 Thomas R. Marshall Indiana. 



*Served as President pro tem. of Senate. 
tDled in office November 22, 1875. 
JDIed In office November 25, 1885. 
••Died In office November 21, 1899. 
••Died in office October 30, 1912. 



52 STATE CONSTITUTION. 



STATE CONSTITUTION, 



A CONSTITUTION agreed upon by the delegates of the 
people of New Jersey, in convention begun at Trenton 
on the fourteenth day of May, and continued to the 
twenty-ninth day of June, in the year of our Lord one 
thousand eight hundred and fortj^-four, ratified by the 
people at an election held on the thirteenth day of 
August, A. D. 1S44, and amended at a special election 
held on the seventh day of September, A. D, 1875, and 
at another special election held on the twenty-eighth 
day of September, A. D. 1S97. 

We, the people of the State of New Jersey, grateful to 
Almighty God for the civil and religious liberty which He 
hath so long permitted us to enjoy, and looking to Him 
for a blessing upon our endeavors to secure and transmit 
the same unimpaired to succeeding generations, do ordain 
and establish this Constitution: 

ARTICLE I. 

RIGHTS AND PRIVILEGES. 

1. All men are by nature free and independent, and have 
certain natural and unalienable rights, among which are 
those of enjoying and defending life and liberty; acquir- 
ing, possessing and protecting property, and of pursuing 
and obtaining safety and happiness. 

2. All political power is inherent in the people. Govern- 
ment is instituted for the protection, security and benefit 
of the people, and they have the right at all times to alter 
or reform the same, whenever the public good may re- 
quire it. 

3. No person shall be deprived of the inestimable privi- 
lege of v,^orshiping Almighty God in a manner agreeable to 
the dictates of his own conscience; nor, under any pretense 
whatever, to be compelled to attend any place of worship 
contrary to his faith and judgment; nor shall any person 
be obliged to pay tithes, taxes or other rates for building 
or repairing any church or churches, place or places of 
worship, or for the maintenance of any minister or min- 
istry, contrary to what he believes to be right, or has de- 
liberately and voluntarily engaged to perform. 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 53 

4. There shall be no establishment of one religious sect 
in preference to another; no religious test shall be required 
as a qualification for any office or public trust; and no 
person shall be denied the enjoyment of any civil right 
merely on account of his religious principles. 

5. Every person may freely speak, write and publish his 
sentiments on all subjects, being responsible for the abuse 
of that right. No law shall be passed to restrain or abridge 
the liberty of speech or of the press. In all prosecutions 
or indictments for libel, the truth may be given in evidence 
to the jury; and if it shall appear to the jury that the 
matter charged as libelous is true, and was published with 
good motives and for justifiable ends, the party shall be ac- 
quitted; and the jury shall have the right to determine the 
law and the fact. 

6. The right of the people to be secure in their persons, 
houses, papers and effe<;ts, against unreasonable searches 
and seizures, shall not be violated; and no warrant shall 
issue but upon probable cause, supported by oath or aflirm- 
ation, and particularly describing the place to be searched 
and the papers and things tp be seized. 

7. The right of a trial by jury shall remain inviolate; but 
the legislature may authorize the trial of civil suits, when 
the matter in dispute does not exceed fifty dollars, by a 
jury of six men. 

8. In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall have the 
right to a speedy and public trial by an impartial jury; to 
be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to 
be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have 
compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, 
and to have the assistance of counsel in his defense. 

9. No person shall be held to answer for a criminal of- 
fense, unless on the presentment or indictment of a grand 
jury, except in cases of impeachment, or in cases cogniz- 
able by justices of the peace, or arising in the army or 
na\T; or in the militia, when in actual service in time of 
war or public danger. 

10. No person shall, after acquittal, be tried for the same 
offense. All persons shall, before conviction, be bailable 
by sufficient sureties, except for capital offenses, when 
the proof is evident or presumption great. 

11. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not 
be suspended, unless in case of rebellion or invasion the 
public safety may require it. 

12. The military shall be in strict subordination to the 
civil power. 

13. No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in 



54 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

any house without the consent of the owner; nor in time 
of war, except in a manner prescribed by law. 

14. Treason against the State shall consist only in le\Ting 
war against it, or in adhering to its enemies, giving them 
aid and cornfort. No person shall be convicted of treason, 
unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt 
act, or on confession in open court. 

15. Excessive bail shall not be required, excessive fines 
shall not be imposed, and cruel and unusual punishments 
shall not be inflicted. 

16. Private property shall not be taken for public use 
without just compensation; but land may be taken for 
public highways as heretofore, until the legislature shall 
direct compensation to be made. 

17. No person shall be imprisoned for debt in any action, 
or on any judgment founded upon contract, unless in cases 
of fraud; nor shall any person be imprisoned for a militia 
fine in time of peace. 

18. The people have the right freely to assemble together, 
to consult for the common good, to make known their 
opinions to their representatives, and to petition for re- 
dress of grievances. 

19. No county, city, borough, town, tov,'nship or village 
shall hereafter give any money or propert5% or loan its 
money or credit, to or in aid of any individual association 
or corporation, or become security for or be directly or 
indirectly the owner of any stock or bonds of any associa- 
tion or corporation. 

20. No donation of land or appropriation of money shall 
be made by the State or any municipal corporation to or 
for the use of any society, association or corporation what- 
ever. 

21. This enumeration of rights and privileges shall not be 
construed to impair or deny others retained by the people. 



ARTICLE II. 

RIGHT OF SUFFRAGE. 

1. Every male citizen of the United States, of the age of 
twenty-one years, who shall have been a resident of this 
State one year, and of the county in which he claims his 
vote five months, next before the election, shall be entitled 
to vote for all officers that now are, or hereafter may be, 
elective by the people; provided, that no person in the 
military, naval or marine service of the United States 
shall be considered a resident in this State, by being sta- 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 55 

tioned i a any garrison, barrack, or military or naval plane 
or station within this State; and no pauper, idiot, insane 
person, or person convicted of a crime which now excludes 
him from being a witness unless pardoned or restored by 
law to the right of suffrage, shall enjoy the right of an 
elector; and provided further, that in time of war no 
elector in the actual military service of the State, or of 
the United States, in the army or navy thereof, shall be 
deprived of his vote by reason of his absence from such 
election district; and the legislature shall have power to 
provide the manner in which, and the time and place at 
which, such absent electors may vote, and for the return 
and canvass of their votes in the election districts in 
which they respectively reside. 

2. The legislature may pass laws to deprive persons of the 
right of suffrage who shall be convicted of bribery. 

ARTICLE III. 

DISTRIBUTION OF THE POWERS OF GOVERNMENT. 

1. The powers of the government shall be divided into 
three distinct departments— the legislative, executive and 
judicial; and no person or persons belonging to, or consti- 
tuting one of these departments, shall exercise any of the 
powers properly belonging to either of the others, except 
as herein expressly provided. 

ARTICLE IV. 

LEGISLATIVE. 
Section I. 

1. The legislative power shall be Vested in a senate and 
general assembly. 

2. No person shall be a member of the senate who shall 
not have attained the age of thirty years, and have been 
a citizen and inhabitant of the State for four years, and 
of the county for which he shall be chosen one. year, next 
before his election; and no person shall be a member of 
the general assembly who shall not have attained the age 
of twenty-one years, and have been a citizen and inhab- 
itant of the State for two years, and of the county for 
which he shall be chosen one year next before his election; 
provided, that no person shall be eligible as a member of 
either house of the legislature, who shall not be entitled 
to the right of suffrage. 



56 STATE CONSTITUTION, 

3. Members of the senate and general assembly shall bt 
elected yearly and every year, on the first Tuesday after 
the first Monday in November; and the two houses shall 
meet separately on the second Tuesday in January next 
after the said day of election, at which time of meeting 
the legislative year shall commence; but the time of hold- 
ing such election may be altered by the legislature. 

Section II. 

1. The senate shall be composed of one senator from each 
county in the State, elected by the legal voters of the 
counties, respectively, for three years. 

2. As soon as the senate shall meet after the first election 
to be held in pursuance of this constitution, they shall be 
divided as equally as may be into three classes. The seats 
of the senators of the first class shall be vacated at the 
expiration of the first year; of the second class at the ex- 
piration of the second year; and of the third class at the 
expiration of the third year, so that one class may be 
elected every year; and if vacancies happen, by resigna- 
tion or otherwise, the persons elected to supply such 
vacancies shall be elected for the unexpired terms only. 

Section III. 

1. The general assembly shall be composed of members 
annually elected by the legal voters of the counties, re 
spectively, who shall be apportioned among the said coun 
ties as nearly as may be according to the number of their 
inhabitants. The present apportionment shall continue 
until the next census of the United States shall have been 
taken, and an apportionment of members of the general 
assembly shall be made by the legislature at its first ses- . 
sion after the next and every subsequent enumeration or 
census, and when made shall remain unaltered until an- 
other enumeration shall have been taken; provided, that 
each county shall at all times be entitled to one member; 
and the whole number of members shall never exceed 
sixty. 

Section IV. 

1. Each house shall direct writs of election for supplying 
vacancies, occasioned by death, resignation, or otherwise; 
but if -vacancies occur during the recess of the legislature, 
the writs may be issued by the governor, under such regu- 
lations as may be prescribed by law. 

2. Each house shall be the judge of the elections, returns 
and qualifications of its own members, and a majority of 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 5? 

each shall constitute a quorum to do business; but a small- 
er number may adjourn from day to day, and may be 
authorized to compel the attendance of absent members, 
In such manner, and under such penalties, as each house 
may provide. 

3. Each house shall choose its own officers, determine 
the rules of Its proceedings, punish its members for dis- 
orderly behavior, and, with the concurrence of two-thirds, 
may expel a member. 

4. Each house shall keep a journal of Its proceedings, and 
from time to time publish the same; and the yeas and nays 
of the members of either house on any question shall, at 
the desire of one-fifth of those present, be entered on the 
journal. 

5. Neither house, during the session of the legislature, 
shall, without the consent of the other, adjourn for more 
than three days, nor to any other place than that in which 
the two houses shall be sitting. 

6. All bills and joint resolutions shall be read three times 
In each house, before the final passage thereof; and no bill 
or joint resolution shall pass unless there be a majority of 
all the members of each body personally present and agree- 
ing thereto; and the yeas and nays of the members voting 
on such final passage shall be entered on the journal. 

^7. Members of the senate and general assembly shall re- 
ceive annually the sum of five hundred dollars during^ the 
time for which they shall have been elected and while they 
shall hold their ofilce, and no other allowance or emolu- 
ment, directly or indirectly, for any purpose whatever. 
The president of the senate and the speaker of the house 
of assembly shall, in virtue of their offices, receive an ad- 
ditional compensation, equal to one-third of their allow 
ance as members. 

8. Members of the senate and general assembly shall, in 
all cases except treason, felony and breach of the peace, 
be privileged from arrest during their attendance at the 
sitting of their respective houses, and in going to and re- 
turning from the same; and for any speech or debate, in 
either house, they shall not be questioned in any other 
place. 

Section V. 

1. No member of the senate or general assembly shall, 
during the time for which he was elected, be nominated or 
appointed by the governor, or by the legislature In joint 
meeting, to any civil office under the authority of this 
State which shall have been created, or the emoluments 
whereof shall have been increased, during such time. 



58 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

2. If any member of the senate or general assembly shall 
be elected to represent this State in the senate or house of 
representatives of the United States, and shall accept 
thereof, or shall accept of any office or appointment un- 
der the grovernment or the United States, his seat in the 
legislature of this State shall thereby be vacated. 

3. No justice of the supreme court, nor judge of any other 
court, sheriff, justice of the peace nor any person or per- 
sons possessed of any office of profit under the government 
of this State, shall be entitled to a seat either in thf. sen- 
ate or in the general assembly; but, on being elected and 
taking his scat his office shall be considered vacant; and 
no person holding any office of profit under the government 
of the United States shall be entitled to a seat in either 
house. 

Section VI. 

1. All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the 
house of assembly; but the senate may propose or concur 
with amendments, as on other bills. 

2. No money shall be drawn from the treasury but for 
appropriations made by law. 

3. The credit of the State shall not be directly or Indi- 
rectly loaned in any case. 

4. The legislature shall not, in any manner, create any 
debt or debts, liability or liabilities, of the State which 
shall, singly or In the aggregate with any previous debts 
or liabilities, at any time exceed one hundred thousand 
dollars, except for purposes of war, or to repel invasion, 
or to suppress insurrection, unless the same shall be au- 
thorized by a law for some single object or work, to be 
distinctly specified therein; which law shall provide the 
ways and means, exclusive of loans, to pay the Interest of 
such debt or liability as it falls due, and also to pay and 
discharge the principal of such debt or liability within 
thirty-five years from the time of the contracting thereof, 
and shall be irrepealable until such debt or liability, and 
the interest thereon, are fully paid and discharged; and 
no such law shall take effect until it shall, at a general 
election, have been submitted to the people, and have re- 
ceived the sanction of a majority of all the votes cast for 
and against it at such election; and all money to be raised 
by the authority of such law shall be applied only to the 
specific object stated therein, and to the payment of the 
debt thereby created. This section shall not be construed 
to refer to any money that has been, or may be, deposited 
with this State by the government of the United States. 



STATP: constitution. . 59 

Section VII, 

1. No divorce shall be granted by the legrislature. 

2. No lottery shall be authorized by the Ic^slature or 
otherwise In this State, and no ticket in any lottery shall 
be boutrht or sold within this State, nor shall pool-sf-lllnf?, 
book-making or gambling of any kind be authorized or 
allowed within this State, nor shall any gambling device, 
practice or game of chance now prohibited by law be 
legalized, or the remedy, penalty or punishment now pro- 
vided therefor be In any way diminished. 

3. The legislature shall not pass any bill of attainder, 
ex post facto law, or law impairing the obligation of con- 
tracts, or depriving a party of any remedy for enforcing 
a contract which existed when the contract was made. 

4. To avoid Improper influences which may result from 
intermixing in one and the same act such things as have 
no proper relation to each other, every law shall embrace 
but one object, and that shall be expressed in the title. 
No law shall be revived or amended by reference to its 
title only; but the act revived, or the section or sections 
amended, shall be inserted at length. No general law 
shall embrace any provision of a private, special or local 
character. No act shall be passed which shall provide 
that any existing law, or any part thereof, shall be made 
or deemed a part of the act, or which shall enact that any 
existing law, or any part thereof, shall be applicable, ex- 
cept by inserting it in such act. 

5. The laws of this State shall begin in the following 
style: "Be It enacted by the Senate and General Assem- 
bly of the State of New Jersey, " 

6. The fund for the support of free schools, and all 
money, stock and other property which may hereafter be 
appropriated for that purpose, or received into the treas- 
•ury under the provision of any law heretofore passed to 
augment the said fund, shall be securely invested and re- 
main a perpetual fund; and the income thereof, except so 
much as it may be judged expedient to apply to an increase 
of the capital, shall be annually appropriated to the sup- 
port of public free schools, for the equal benefit of all the 
people of the State; and it shall not be competent for the 
legislature to borrow, appropriate or use the said fund, 
or any part thereof, for any other purpQse, under any 
pretense whatever. The legislature shall provide for the 
maintenance and support of a thorough and efficient sys- 
tem of free public schools for the instruction of all the 
children in this State between the ages of five and eigh- 
teen years. 



60 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 



7. No private or special law shall be passed authorizing 
the sale of any lands belonging in whole or in part to a 
minor or minors, or other persons who may at the time be 
under any legal disability to act for themselves. 

8. Individuals or private corporations shall not be au- 
thorized to take private property for public use, without 
just compensation first made to the owners. 

9. No private, special or local bill shall be passed unless 
public notice of the intention to apply therefor, and of the 
general object thereof, shall have been previously given. 
The legislature, at the next session after the adoption 
hereof, and from time to time thereafter, shall prescribe 
the time and mode of giving such notice, the evidence 
thereof, and how such evidence shall be preserved. 

10. The legislature may vest in the circuit courts, or 
courts of common pleas within the several counties of this 
State, chancery powers, so far as relates to the foreclosure 
of mortgages and sale of mortgaged premises. 

11. The legislature shall not pass private, local or special 
laws in any of the following enumerated cases; that is to 
say: 

Laying out, opening, altering and working roads or high- 
ways. 

Vacating any road, town p^ot, street, alley or public 
grounds. 

Regulating the internal affairs of towns and counties; 
appointing local offices or commissions to regulate munici- 
pal affairs. 

Selecting, drawing, summoning or empaneling grand or 
petit jurors. 

Creating, increasing or decreasing the percentage or al- 
lowance of public officers during the term for which said 
officers were elected or appointed. 

Changing the law of descent. 

Granting to any corporation, association or individual* 
any exclusive privilege, immunity or franchise whatever. 

Granting to any corporation, association or individual the 
right to lay down railroad tracks. 

Providing for changes of venue in civil or criminal cases. 

Providing for the management and Support of free public 
schools. 

The legislature shall pass general laws providing for the 
cases enumerated in this paragraph, and for all other cases 
which, in its judgment, may be provided for by general 
laws. The legislature shall pass no special act conferring 
corporate powers, but they shall pass general laws under 
which corporations may be organized and corporate powers 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 61 

of every nature obtained, subject, nevertheless, to repea\ 
or alteration at the will of the legislature. 

12. Property shall be assessed for taxes under general 
laws, and by uniform rules, according to its true value. 

Section VIII. 

1, Members of the legislature shall, before they enter on 
the duties of their respective offices, take and subscribe 
the following oath or affirmation: 

"I do solemnly swear [or affirm, as the case may be,] 
that I will support the constitution of the United States 
and the constitution of the State of New Jersey, and that 
I will faithfully discharge the duties of senator [or mem- 
ber of the general assembly, as the case may be,] accord- 
ing to the best of my ability." 

And members-elect of the senate or general assembly 
are hereby empowered to administer to each other the said 
oath or affirmation. 

2. Every officer of the legislature shall, before he enters 
upon his duties, take and subscribe the following oath or 
affirmation: "I do solemnly promise and swear [or af- 
firm] that I will faithfully, impartially and justly perform 

all the duties of the office of ^, to the best of my 

ability and understanding; that I will carefully preserve 
all records, papers, writings or property intrusted to me 
for safe-keeping by virtue of my office, and make such 
disposition of the same as may be required by law." 

ARTICLE V. 

EXECUTIVE. 

1. The executive power shall be vested In a governor. 

2. The governor shall be elected by the legal voters of 
this State. The person having the highest number of votes 
shall be the governor; but if two or more shall be equal 
and highest in votes, one of them shall be chosen gov- 
ernor by the vote of a majority of the members of both 
houses in joint meeting. Contested elections for the office 
of governor shall be determined in such manner as the 
legislature shall direct by law. When a governor is to bfe 
elected by the people, such election shall be held at the 
time when and at the places where the people shall re- 
spectively vote for members of the legislature. 

3. The governor shall hold his office for three years, to 
commence on the third Tuesday of January next ensuing 
the election for governor by the people, and to end on the 



62 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

Monday preceding- the third Tuesday of January, three 
years thereafter; and he shall be incapable of holding 
that office for three years next after his term of service 
shall have expired; and no appointment or nomination to 
office shall be made by the governor during the last week 
of his said term. 

4. The governor shall be not less than thirty years of 
age, and shall have been for twenty years, at least, a citi- 
zen of the United States, and a resident of this State seven 
j-ears next before his election, unless he shall have been 
absent during- that time on the public business of the 
United States or of this State. 

5. The governor shall, at stated times, receive for his 
services a compensation which shall be neither increased 
nor diminished during the period for which he shall have 
been elected. 

6. He shall be the commander-in-chief of all the military 
and naval forces of the State; he shall have power to con- 
vene the legislature, or the senate alone, whenever in his 
opinion public necessity requires it; he shall communicate 
by message to the legislature at the opening of each ses- 
sion, and at such other times as he may deem necessary, 
the condition of the State, and recommend such measures 
as he may deem expedient; he shall take care that the laws 
be faithfully executed, and grant, under the great seal of 
the State, commissions to all such officers as shall be re- 
quired to be commissioned. 

7. Every bill which shall have passed both houses shall 
be presented to the go^'ernor; if he approve he shall sign 
it, but if not, he shall return it, with his objections, to the 
house in which it shall have originated, who shall enter 
the objections at large on their journal, and proceed to re- 
consider it; if, after such reconsideration, a majority of 
the whole number of that house shall agree to pass the 
bill, it shall be sent, together with the objections, to the 
other house, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, 
and if approved of by a majority of the whole number of 
that house, it shall become a law; but in neither house 
shall the vote be taken on the same day on' which the bill 
shall be returned to it; and in all such cases, the votes of 
both houses shall be determined by yeas and nays, and 
the- names of the persons voting for and against the bill 
shall be entered on the journal of each house respectively. 
If any bill shall not be returned by the governor, within 
five days (Sunday excepted) after it shall have been pre- 
sented to him, the same shall be a law in like manner as 
if he had signed it. unless the legislature by their adjourn- 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 63 

merit prevent its return, in which case it shall not be a 
law. If any bill presented to the governor contain sev- 
eral items of appropriations of money, he may object to 
one or more of such items while approving of the other 
portions of the bill. In such case he shall append to the 
bill, at the time of signing it, a statement of the items to 
which he objects, and the appropriation so objected to 
shall not take effect. If the legislature be in session he 
shall transmit to the house in which the bill originated, 
a copy of such statement, and the items objected to shall 
be separately reconsidered. If, on reconsideration, one 
or more of such items be approved by a majority of the 
members elected to each house, the same shall be a part 
of the law, notwithstanding the objections of the governor. 
A.11 the provisions of this section in relation to bills not 
approved by the governor shall apply to cases in which 
he shall withhold his approval from any item or items 
contained in a bill appropriating money. 

8. No member of congress, or person holding an office 
under the United States, or this State, shall exercise the 
office of governor; and in case the governor, or person 
administering the government shall accept any office un- 
der the United States or this State, his office of governor 
shall thereupon be vacant. Nor shall he be elected by the 
legislature to any office under the government of this State 
or of the United States, during the term for which he shall 
nave been elected governor. 

9. The governor, or person administering the government, 
^hall have power to suspend the collection of fines and for- 
feitures, and to grant reprieves, to extend until the expira- 
tion of a time not exceeding ninety days after conviction; 
but this power shall not extend to cases of impeachment. 

10. The governor, or person administering the govern- 
ment, the chancellor, and the six judges of the court of 
errors and appeals, or a major part of them, of whom the 
governor, or person administering the government, shall 
be one, may remit fines and forfeitures, and grant pardons, 
after conviction, in all cases except impeachment. 

11. The governor and all other civil officers under this 
State shall be liable to impeachment for misdemeanor in 
office during their continuance in office, and for two years 
thereafter. 

12. In case of the death, resignation or removal from of- 
fice of the governor, the powers, duties and emoluments 
of the office shall devolve upon the president of the sen- 
ate, and in case of his death, resignation or removal, then 
upon the speaker of the house of assembly, for the time 



64 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

being-, until another governor shall be elected and quali- 
fied; but in such case another governor shall be chosen at 
the next election for members of the legislature, unless 
such death, resignation or removal shall occur within 
thirty days immediately preceding- such next election, in 
which case a governor shall be chosen at the second suc- 
ceeding- election for members of the legislature. When a 
vacancy happens, during- the recess of the legislature, in 
any office which is to be filled by the governor and senate, 
or by the legislature in joint meeting-, the governor shall 
nil such vacancy and the commission shall expire at the 
end of the next session of the legislature, unless a suc- 
cessor shall be sooner appointed; when a vacancy hap- 
pens in the office of clerk or surrogate of any county, the 
governor shall fill such vacancy, and the commission 
shall expire when a successor is elected and qualified. No 
person who shall have been nominated to the senate by 
the governor for any office of trust or profit under the 
government of this State, and shall not have been con- 
firmed before the recess of the legislature, shall be eligible 
for appointment to such office during the continuance of 
such recess. 

13. In case of the impeachment of the g-overnor, his ab- 
sence from the State or inability to discharge the duties 
of his office, the powers, duties and emoluments of the 
office shall devolve upon the president of the senate; and 
in case of his death, resignation or removal, then upon the 
speaker of the house of assembly for the time being, until 
the governor, absent or impeached, shall return or be ac- 
quitted, or until the disqualification or inability shall cease, 
or until a new governor be elected and qualified. 

14. In case of a vacancy in the office of governor from 
any other cause than those herein enumerated, or in case 
of the death of the g-overnor-elect before he is qualified into 
office, the powers, duties and emoluments of the office shall 
devolve upon the president of the senate or speaker of the 
house of assembly, as above provided for, until a new gov- 
ernor be elected and qualified. 

ARTICLE VI. 

JUDICIARY. 

Section I. 

1. The judicial power shall be vested in a court of errors 
and appeals in the last resort in all causes as heretofore; 
a court for the trial of impeachments; a court of chancery; 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 65 

a prerogative court; a supreme court; circuit courts, and 
such inferior courts as now exist, and as may be here- 
after ordained and established by law; which inferior 
courts the legislature may alter or abolish, as the public 
good shall require. 

Section II, 

1. The court of errors and appeals shall consist of the 
chancellor, the justices of the supreme court, and six 
judges, or a major part of them; which judges are to be 
appointed for six years. 

2. Immediately after the court shall first assemble, the 
six judges shall arrange themselves in such manner that 
the seat of one of them shall be vacated every year, in 
order that thereafter one judge may be annually ap- 
pointed. 

3. Such of the six judges as shall attend the court shall 
receive, respectively, a per diem compensation, to be pro- 
vided by law. 

4. The secretary of state shall be the clerk of this court. 

5. When an appeal from an order or decree shall be 
heard, the chancellor shall inform the court, in writing, 
of the reasons for his order or decree; but he shall not sit 
as a member, or have a voice in the hearing or final sen- 
tence. 

6. When a writ of error shall be brought, no justice who 
has given a judicial opinion in the cause in favor of or 
against any error complained of, shall sit as a member, or 
have a voice on the hearing, or for its affirmance or re- 
versal; but the reasons for such opinion shall be assigned 
to the court in writing. 

Section III. 

1: The house of assembly shall have the sole power of 
impeaching, by a vote of a majority of all the members; 
and all impeachments shall be tried by the senate; the 
members, when sitting for that purpose, to be on oath or 
affirmation "truly and impartially to try and determine 
the charge in question according to evidence;" and no per- 
son shall be convicted without the concurrence of two- 
thirds of all the members of the senate. 

2. Any judicial officer impeached shall be suspended from 
exercising his office until his acquittal. 

3. Judgment m cases of impeachment shall not extend 
farther than to removal from office, and to disqualification 
to hold and enjoy any otfice of honor, profit or trust under 



66 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

this State; but the party convicted shall, nevertheless, be 

liable to indictment, trial and punishment according to law. 

4. The secretary of state shall be the clerk of this court. 

Section IV. 

1. The court of chancery shall consist of a chancellor. 

2. The chancellor shall be the ordinary or surrogate gen- 
eral, and judge of the prerogative court. 

3. All persons aggrieved by any order, sentence or decree 
of the orphans' court, may appeal from the same, or from 
any part thereof to the prerogative court; but such order, 
sentence or decree shall not be removed into the supreme 
court, or circuit court if the subject-matter thereof be 
within the jurisdiction of the orphans' court. 

4. The secretary of state shall be the register of the pre 
rogative court, and shall perform the duties required of 
him by law in that respect. 

Section V. 

1. The supreme court shall consist of a chief justice and 
four associate justices. The number of associate justices 
may be increased or decreased by law, but shall never be 
less than two. 

2. The circuit courts shall be held in every county of this 
State, by one or more of the justices of the supreme court, 
or a judge appointed for that purpose, and shall, in all 
cases within the county except in those of a criminal na- 
ture, have common law jurisdiction, concurrent with the 
supreme court; and any final judgment of a circuit court 
may be docketed in the supreme court, and shall opei-ate 
as a judgment obtained in the supreme court from the 
time of such docketing. 

3. Final judgments in any circuit court may be brought 
by writ of error into the supreme court, or directly into 
the court of errors and appeals. 

Section VI. 

1. There shall be no more than five judges of the inferior 
court of common pleas in each of the counties in this 
State, after the terms of the judges of said court now* in 
office shall terminate. One judge for each county shall be 
appointed every year, and no more, except to fill vacancies, 
which shall be for the unexpired term only. 

2. The commissions for the first appointments of judges 
of said court shall bear date and take effect on the first 
day of April next; and all subsequent commissions for 
jviges of said court shall bear date and take effect on the 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 67 

first day of April in every successive year, except commis- 
sions to fill \acancies, which shall bear date and take ef- 
fect when issued. 

Section VII. 

1. There may be elected under this constitution two, and 
not more than five, justices of the peace in each of the 
townships of the several counties of this State, and in each 
of the wards, in cities that may vote in wards. When a 
township or ward contains two thousand inhabitants or 
less, it may have two justices; when it contains more than 
two thousand inhabitants, and not more than four thou- 
sand, it may have four justices; and when it contains more 
than four thousand inhabitants, it may have five justices; 
provided, that whenever any township not voting in wards 
contains more than seven thousand inhabitants, such town- 
ship may have an additional justice for each additional 
three thousand inhabitants above four thousand. 

2. The population of the townships in the several coun- 
ties of the State and of the several wards shall be ascer- 
tained by the last preceding census of the United States, 
until the legislature shall provide, by law, some other 
mode of ascertaining it. 

ARTICLE VII. 

APPOINTING POWER AND TENURE OF OFFICE. 

Section I. 

MILITIA OFFICERS. 

1. The legislature shall provide by law for enrolling, or- 
ganizing and arming the militia. 

2. Captains, subalterns and non-commissioned officers 
shall be elected by the members of their respective com- 
panies. 

3. Field officers of regiments, independent battalions and 
squadrons shall be elected by the commissioned officers 
of their respective regiments, battalions or squadrons. 

4. Brigadier-generals shall be elected by the field officers 
of their respective brigades. 

5. Major-generals, the adjutant-general and quarter- 
master-general shall be nominated by the governor, and 
appointed by him, with the advice and consent of the 
senate. 

6. The legislature shall provide, by law, the time and 
manner of electing militia officers, and of certifying their 
elections to the governor, who shall grant their commis- 



68 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

sions, and determine their rank, when not determined by 
law; and no commissioned officer sliall be removed from 
office but by the sentence of a court-martial, pursuant to 
law. 

7. In case the electors of subalterns, captains or field offi- 
cers shall refuse or neglect to make such elections, the 
governor shall have power to appoint such officers, and 
to fill all vacancies caused by such refusal or neglect. 

8. Brigade inspectors shall be chosen by the field officers 
of their respective brigades. 

9. The governor shall appoint all militia officers whose 
appointment is not otherwise provided for in this consti- 
tution. 

10. Major-generals, brigadier-generals and commanding 
officers of regiments, independent battalions and squad- 
rons shall appoint the staff officers of their divisions, bri- 
gades, regiments,, independent battalions and squadrons, 
respectively. 

Section II. 



CIVIL OFFICERS. 

1. Justices of the supreme court, chancellor, judges of 
the court of errors and appeals and judges of the inferior 
court of common pleas shall be nominated by the gover- 
nor, and appointed by him, with the advice and consent 
of the senate. 

The justices of the supreme court and chancellor shall 
hold their offices for the term of seven years; shall, at 
stated times, receive for their services a compensation 
which shall not be diminished during the term of their 
appointments; and they shall hold no other office under 
the government of this State or of the United States. 

2. Judges of the courts of common pleas shall be ap- 
pointed by the senate and general assembly, in joint meet- 
ing. 

They shall hold their offices for five years; but when 
appointed to fill vacancies, they shall hold for the unex- 
pired term only. 

3. The state treasurer and comptroller shall be appointed 
by the senate and general assembly, in joint meeting. 

They shall hold their offices for three years, and until 
their successors shall be qualified into office. 

4. The attorney-general, prosecutors of the pleas, clerk 
of the supreme court, clerk of the court of chancery, sec- 
retary of state and the keeper of the state prison shall be 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 69 

nominated by the governor, and appointed by him, with 
the advice and consent of the senate. 
They shall hold their offices for five years. 

5. The law reporter shall be appointed by the justices of 
the supreme court, or a majority of them; and the chan- 
cery reporter shall be appointed by the chancellor. 

They shall hold their offices for five years. 

6. Clerks and surrogates of counties shall be elected by 
the people of their respective counties, at the annual elec- 
tions for members of the general assembly. 

They shall hold their offices for five j-ears. 

7. Sheriffs and coroners shall be elected by the people of 
their respective counties, at the elections for members of 
the general assembly, and they shall hold their offices for 
three years, after which three years must elapse before 
they can be again capable of serving. Sheriffs shall an- 
nually renew their bonds. 

8. Justices of the peace shall be elected by ballot at the 
annual meetings of the townships in the several counties 
of the State, and of the wards in cities that may vote in 
wards, in such manner and under such regulations as may 
be hereafter provided by law. 

They shall be commissioned for the county, and their 
commissions shall bear date and take effect on the first 
day of May next after their election. 

They shall hold their offices for five years; but when 
elected to fill vacancies, they shall hold for the unexpired 
term only; provided, that the commission of any justice 
of the peace shall become vacant upon his ceasing to re- 
side in the township in which he was elected. 

The first election for justices of the peace shall take place 
at the next annual town-meetings of the townships in the 
several counties of the State, and of the wards in cities 
that may vote in wards. 

9. All other officers, whose appointments are not other- 
wise provided for by law, shall be nominated by the gov- 
ernor, and appointed by him, with the advice and consent 
of the senate; and shall hold their offices for the time pre- 
scribed by law. 

10. All civil officers elected or appointed pursuant to the 
provisions of this constitution, shall be commissioned by 
the governor. 

11. The term of office of all officers elected or appointed, 
pursuant to the provisions of this constitution, except 
when herein otherwise directed, shall commence on the 
day of the date of their respective commissions; but no 



70 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

commission for any office shall bear date prior to the ex- 
piration of the term of the incumbent of said office. 

ARTICLE VIII. 

GENERAL PROVISIONS. 

1. The secretary of state shall be ex officio an auditor of 
the accounts of the treasurer, and as such, it shall be his 
duty to assist the legislature in the annual examination 
and settlement of said accounts, until otherwise provided 
by law. 

2. The seal of the State shall be kept by the governor, 
or person administering the government, and used by him 
officially, and shall be called the great seal of the State of 
New Jersey. 

3. All grants and comimissions shall be in the name and 
by the authority of the State of New Jersey, sealed with 
the great seal, signed by the governor, or person adminis- 
tering the government, and countersigned by the secretary 
of state, and it shall run thus: "The State of New Jersey, 

to , greeting." All writs shall be in the name of 

the State; and all indictments shall conclude in the follow- 
ing m.anner, viz., "against the peace of this State, the gov- 
ernment and dignity of the same." 

4. This constitution shall take effect and go into operation 
on the second day of September, in the year of our Lord 
one thousand eight hundred and forty-four. 

ARTICLE IX. 

AMENDMENTS. 

Any specific amendment or amendments to the constitu- 
tion m.ay be proposed in the senate or general assembly, 
and if the same shall be agreed to by a majority of the 
members elected to each of the two houses, such proposed 
amendment or amendments shall be entered on their jour- 
nals, with the yeas and naj's taken thereon, and referred 
to the legislature then next to be chosen, and shall be pub- 
lished for three months previous to making such choice, 
in at least one newspaper of each county, if any be pub- 
lished therein; and if in the legislature next chosen as 
aforesaid, such proposed amendment or amendments, or 
any of them, shall be agreed to by a majority of all the 
rncmbers elected to each house, then it shall be the duty 
of the legislature to submit such proposed amendment or 
amendments, or such of them as may have been agreed 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 71 

to as aforesaid by the two legislatures, to the people, in 
such manner and at such time, at least four months after 
the adjournment of the legislature, as the legislature shall 
prescribe; and if the people at a special election to be held 
for that purpose only, shall approve and ratify such 
amendment or amendments, or any of them, by a majority 
of the electors qualified to vote for members of the legisla- 
ture voting thereon, such amendment, or amendments so 
approved and ratified shall become part of the constitu- 
tion; provided, that if more than one amendment be sub- 
mitted, they shall be submitted in such manner and form 
that the people m.ay vote for or against each amendment 
separately and distinctly; but no amendment or amend- 
ments shall be submitted to the people by the legislature 
oftener than once in five years. 

ARTICLE X. 

SCHEDUJ^E. 

That no inconvenience may arise from the change In the 
constitution of this State, and in order to carry the same 
into complete operation, it is hereby declared and ordained, 
that— 

1. The common law and statute laws now in force, not 
repugnant to this constitution, shall remain in force until 
they expire by their own limitation, or be altered or re- 
pealed by the legislature; and all writs, actions, caijses of 
action, prosecutions, contracts, claims and rights of indi- 
viduals and of bodies corporate, and of the State, and all 
charters of incorporation, shall continue, and all indict- 
ments which shall have been found, or which may here- 
after be found, for any crime or offense committed before 
the adoption of this constitution, may be proceeded upon 
as if no change had taken place. The several courts of 
law and equity, except as herein otherwise provided, shall 
continue with the like powers and jurisdiction as if this 
constitution had not been adopted, 

2. All officers now filling any office or appointment shall 
continue in the exercise of the duties thereof, according 
to their respective commissions or appointments, unless by 
this constitution it is otherwise directed. 

3. The present governor, chancellor and ordinary or sur- 
rogate-general and treasurer shall continue in office until 
successors elected or appointed under this constitution 
shall be sworn or affirmed into office. 

4. In case of the death, resignation or disability of the 



72 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

present g-overnor, the person who may be vice-president of 
council at the time of the adoption of this constitution 
shall continue in office and administer the government un- 
til a g-overnor shall have been elected and sworn or af- 
firmed into office under this constitution. 

5. The present governor, or in case of his death or inabil- 
ity to act, the vice-president of council, together with the 
present members of the legislative council and secretary 
of state, shall constitute a board of state canvassers, in 
the manner now provided by law, for the purpose of ascer- 
taining and declaring the result of the next ensuing elec- 
tion for governor, members of the house of representa- 
tives, and electors of president and vice-president. 

6. The returns of the votes for governor, at the said next 
ensuing- election, shall be transmitted to the secretary of 
state, the votes counted, and the election declared in the 
manner now provided by law in the case of the election of 
electors of president and vice-president. 

7. The election of clerks and surrogates, in those counties 
where the term of office of the present incumbent shall 
expire previous to the general election of eighteen hun- 
dred and forty-five, shall be held at the general election 
next ensuing the adoption of this constitution; the result 
of which election shall be ascertained in the manner now 
provided by law for the election of sheriffs. 

8. The elections for the year eighteen hundred and forty- 
four shall take place as now provided by law. 

9. It shall be the duty of the governor to fill all vacancies 
in office happening- between the adoption of this constitu- 
tion and the first session of the senate, and not other-wise 
provided for, and the commissions shall expire at the end 
of the first session of the senate, or when successors shall 
be elected or appointed and qualified. 

10. The restriction of the pay of members of the legisla- 
ture, after forty days from the commencement of the ses- 
sion, shall not be applied to the first legislature convened 
under this constitution. 

11. Clerks of counties shall be clerks of the inferior 
courts of common pleas and quarter sessions of the several 
counties, and perform the duties, and be subject to the 
regulations now required of them by law until otherwise 
ordained by the legislature. 

12. The legislature shall pass all laws necessary to carry 
into effect the provisions of this constitution. 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 73 

State of New Jersey: 

, I, George Wurts, Secretary of State of the State of New 
Jersey, do hereby certify the foregoing to be a true copy 
of the Constitution of the State of New Jersey as amended, 
as the same is taken from and compared with the original 
Constitution and amendments thereto, now remaining on 
file in my office. 

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my 
CL, S.] hand and affixed my official seal, this twenty-sixth 
day o^ October, A. D. eighteen hundred and ninety- 
«e-pr GEORGE WURTS. 



74 THE STATE CAPITOL. 

STATE INSTITUTIONS. 



THE STATE CAPITOL. 

This edifice, a massive structure, erected at sundry 
times and added to at various periods, is located on 
West State street, near Willow street. The grounds 
have a frontage of 425 feet on State street and extend 
southerly a distance of about 700 feet to the Dela- 
ware river. The original plot, up to the year 1910, 
had a frontage of 310 feet, extended back in a parallel- 
ogram and embraced about 3i/^ acres. 

The seat of Government was fixed at Trenton by an 
act of the Legislature, approved November 25th, 1790. 
James Cooper, Thomas Lowery, James Ewing, Maskell 
Ewing, George Anderson, James Mott and Moore Fur- 
man were appointed commissioners to select, purchase 
or accept so much land as was needed, and to erect 
thereon suitable buildings for the use of the Legis- 
lature. They purchased a site, containing about three 
and three-quarters acres — a frontage on Second street 
(now West State street) of 247 feet and 6 inches, and 
a depth from the front to low water line of the Dela- 
ware river of 666 feet — at a cost of £250 5s. The old 
State House was a plain, bare-looking, rough-cast 
building, and was erected at a cost of £3,992 3s. V2d. 
By an act of March 4th, 1795, a building was erected 
to serve as an office for the Secretary of State, and 
for the preservation of the public records, at a cost of 
£620 19s. lOd. Numerous improvements and repairs 
were made, and on March 3d, 1806, an act was passed 
appointing commissioners to make certain repairs to 
the State House, to provide and hang a suitable bell, 
&c. This was done, and the bell was used for inform- 
ing the members of both houses, as well as the courts, 
of the hour of meeting. The bell was eventually dis- 
carded, and an American flag substituted, which waves 
from the building unto this day, when the Legislature 
is in session, and upon holidaj's and State occasions. 
In 1848, the State House was altered by the removal 
of the rough-casting, and changing the style of the 
front by placing neat porticoes over the front and 
rear entrances, and erecting two additional buildings 



THE STATE CAPITOL. 75 

adjoining the main one, as offices for the Clerks of 
the Chancery and Supreme Courts. The rotunda was 
also erected, and the grounds fenced, graded, laid out 
and shade trees planted, all at a cost of $27,000. The 
commissioners under whose direction the work was 
completed, were Samuel R. Gummere, Samuel R. Hamil- 
ton and Stacy A. Paxson. In 1S63, '64 and '65, appro- 
priations were expended in building additions for 
the State Library, Executive Chambers, &c. In 1871, 
Charles S. Olden, Thomas J. Stryker and Lewis Perrine 
were appointed commissioners to cause a suitable ad- 
dition to be built — more commodious apartments for 
the Senate and Assembly, &c. The sum of $50,000 was 
appropriate*!, and the buildings for the Legislature 
were ready for occupancy in time for the meeting of 
the Legislature in 1872. In 1872, $120,000 was appro- 
priated for completing the 'milding, $3,000 for fitting 
up the Executive Chamber, $4,000 for fitting up the 
Chancery and Supreme Court rooms, and $2,000 for 
fitting up the offices on the first floor of the east wing. 
In 1873, the sum of $43,000 was appropriated for the 
improvement of the front of the building, completing 
unfinished repairs and improvements, and for fitting up 
the Library, &c. On March 18th, 1875, the sum of 
$15,000 was appropriated for the purpose of putting a 
new three-story front to the building, and to fit up 
offices on the second floor for the Clerks of the Court 
of Chancery and Supreme Court, and for providing a 
suitable museum for geological specimens, and the 
battle-flags of New Jersey volunteer regiments, carried 
during the war of the Rebellion. 

On March 21st, 1885, the front portion was destroyed 
by fire, and the Legislature appropriated $50,000 for 
rebuilding, and in 1886, an additional appropriation of 
$225,000 was granted. 

The new building was finished in 1889. It is of rec- 
tangular shape and of the Renaissance style of archi- 
tecture, with a frontage of one hundred and sixty feet 
on State street, a depth of sixty-seven feet, and three 
and a half stories high, with a rotunda thirty-nine 
feet across, which connects the new section of the 
Capitol with the original part. The rotunda is sur- 
mounted by a dome one hundred and forty-five feet 
high. 



76 THE STATE CAPITOL,. 

The building has about sixty feet more frontage than 
the former one, and approaches about ten feet nearer 
the street. 

The avails are constructed of solid, fire-proof, brick 
masonry, faced "with a light-colored stone from In- 
diana, known as Salem Oolitic, with foundations and 
trimmings of New Jersey free stone, from the Pralls- 
ville quarries, in Hunterdon countj'. The portico, door- 
head and trimmings about the door are of the same 
material. The portico, with balcony, is supported by 
massive pillars of polished granite and surmounted by 
the coat of arms of the State. 

The apartments used for otfices are very spacious, fitted 
throughout In the most approved modern style, and each 
department Is supplied with one or more of the finest 
fire-proof vaults. The first and second stories are set 
aside for offices, and the entire third story Is used for 
the State Library. This front portion, including the 
dome, was designed and constructed under the plans 
and supervision of L. H. Broome, architect, of Jersey 
City. 

The old State Library apartments have been im- 
proved and extended, and are now used as offices for 
the Attorney-General, State Superintendent of Public 
Instruction and Commissioner of Banking and Insur- 
ance. 

In 1891, a new Assembly Chamber was erected. The old 
one was too small and poorly ventilated, and besides, 
there was a lack of suitable committee rooms. The Leg- 
islature of 1891 passed a Joint Resolution, which was ap- 
proved on March 20th, authorizing the Governor "to pro- 
vide a suitable chamber and committee rooms for the use 
of the General Assembly of this State," &c., and also, 
"to make such additions and alterations as will afford the 
necessary accommodations for the Supreme Court and 
Court of Errors and Appeals, or for other State offices, 
and sufficient money is hereby appropriated for that pur- 
pose, to be paid by the Treasurer of this State on the 
warrant of the Comptroller, after approval by the Gov- 
ernor." 

The new chamber was built by James W. Lannlng. of 
Trenton, from plans prepared by James Moylan, of Jer- 
sey City, and under the superintendency of Bernard J. 
Ford of Newark. It covers the site of the former cham- 
ber, and extends beyond it to Delaware street on the 
east and to the water power on the south. It has a front- 
age on Delaware street of 120 feet and a depth of 75 feet. 



THE STATE CAPITOL. 77 

The exterior finish and design of the building are similar 
to the adjoining portion of the Capitol. The foundation 
Is of brown stone, from the Stockton quarries, and the 
trimmings of light Indiana stone. The interior Is finish 
ed In Trenton tile, quartered oak and Italian statuary 
marble. It Is a fire-proof building throughout, and is 
specially ventilated. The committee rooms are ample and 
convenient, and the interior design arrangement and fin- 
ish make It a model legislative chamber. It cost the 
State $110,500. The cost of the steam heating and ventilat- 
ing systems was about $25,000. 

The other new addition to the Capitol provides a 'consul- 
tation room for the Judges of the Supreme Court and the 
Court of Errors and Appeals and a private room for the 
Governor, a room for the Museum of the Geological Sur- 
vey, and other offices, and cost $34,500. 

Two Otis elevators have been placed In the building, 
which gives easy access to all the upper fioors. 

In 1900 the Legislature appropriated $96,000 for additions 
and alterations to the Capitol, which Included the cost of 
an electric light plant, 

A new Senate Chamber was erected in 1903, and was 
ready for occupancy in 1904, at a cost of about $182,- 
000. In 1904 about $60,000 was expended for other im- 
provements in the Capitol. The architect was Arnold 
H. Moses, Merchantville. 

Another addition was made to the Capitol in 1907 at 
a cost of about $100,000. It is a massive structure of a 
classical style of architecture and is finished in stucco 
to match the rest of the Capitol. It contains four 
stories above a deep basement. The construction is 
fire-proof, consisting of solid brick walls, steel beams 
and columns and concrete fioors. The exterior is at- 
tractive with Its classic lines and Indiana limestone 
trimmings. The structure was designed and all the 
plans drawn by George E. Poole, State Architect. 

In 1911 the Legislature made an appropriation of 
$60,000 for the extension of the west wing of the front 
part of the building, and In 1912 $70,000 was appro- 
priated for the extension of the east wing. 

In 1910 and subsequent years to 1915, the State pur- 
chased Delaware street, the Green property which 
fronted on West State street, properties which fronted 
on Front and Willow streets and which extended to 
the old Water Power, now Sanhican creek, all of 
which embrace about the same area as the old State 



78 TPIE STATE LIBRARY. 

House site, SV2 acres, making- a total of about 7 acres 
nortli of the creek. 

The land across Sanhican. creek, that has been ac- 
quired by the State, has been filled in to the river wall, 
is computed to be about 19 or 20 acres, making the 
sum total of the State's holdings about 26 acres. The 
river park has been laid out and completed by the 
State and the city of Trenton, the area of which is 
about 40 acres. The old Revolutionary Barracks and 
the old Masonic Temple have been preserved on the 
park grounds. The State park contains about 19 
acres, is an up-to-date enterprise and presents a most 
beautiful and attractive appearance. The cost of all 
the improvements was about §400,000. Additional 
property was purchased on West State street in 1917 
and rented in 1918. 

THE STATE LIBRARY. 

This valuable collection of books is located on the third 
floor of the State Capitol. The old saying, "Great oaks 
from little acorns grow," most appropriately applies to 
this Institution. 

The first library of the State was a case ordered to be 
procured by Maskell Ewing, Clerk of the House of As- 
sembly, for the keeping and preservation of such books 
as belonged to the Legislature. It was ordered by a reso- 
lution passed March 18th, 1796. This was the nucleus of 
the present extensive library. On February 18th, 1804, 
William Coxe, of Burlington; Ezra Darby, of Essex, and 
John A. Scudder, of Monmouth, were appointed a Com- 
mittee on Rules to make a catalogue; they reported that 
there were 168 volumes belonging to the State, and pre- 
sented a code of seven rules, which was adopted. On 
February 10th, 1813, an act (the first one) was passed, en- 
titled "An act concerning the State Library." Up to 1822 
It appears that the Clerk of the House had charge of 
the books, as Librarian, and, on November 16th, 1822, an 
act was passed for the appointment of a State Librarian, 
annually, by joint meeting. In 1846. on April 10th, an act 
was passed making the term of office three years. The 
Law Library at that time belonged to the members of 
the Law Library Association. The only persons allowed 
the use of the Library were members of the Association, 
the Chancellor, and the judges of the several courts. 
Stacy G. Potts was Treasurer and Librarian of the Asso- 
ciation. The Law Library was kept In the Supreme Court 
room until 1837, when the Legislature authorized the 
State Librarian to fit up a room adjoining the Library 



THE STATE ARSENAL. 79 

for the care and reception of the books and papers be- 
longing- to the State Library. Thus the two Libraries 
were consolidated. On March 13th, 1872, $5,000 per 
year for three years was appropriated for the Library 
by the Legislature, and by the act of March 15th, 1876, 
the sum of $2,500 was appropriated for finishing and 
refurnishing the Library room. In 1890, the Library 
was removed to the third story of the new part of the 
Capitol. 

In 1901 the Legislature made a special appropriation of 
$15,000 for the installation of steel stacks, and the shelf- 
space was doubled. There Is room now for more than 
125,000 books and pamphlets. About the same time the 
decimal classification system was Introduced and the 
work of making a modern card catalogue begun, which 
was practically finished In 1905. 

THE STATE ARSENAL. 

The building now used as the State Arsenal was form- 
erly the old State Prison. It Is situate on Second street, 
In the Sixth "Ward of the city of Trenton, and has on its 
front the following Inscription: 

Labor, Silence, Penitence. 

The Penitentiary House. 

Erected by Legislative Authority. 

Richard Howell, Governor, 

In the XXII. Tear of American 

Independence, MDCCXCVII. 

That Those Who Are Feared For Their 

Crimes May Learn to Fear the Laws 

And be Useful. 

Hlc T^bor, Hoc Opus. 

In the messages of Governors P, D. Vroom and S. L. 

Southard, recommending the erection of the new prison, 

tt was proposed that the old one be converted Into an 

Arsenal for the safe keeping of the arms and military 

property of the State, which, previous to that time, had 

been kept In the old State Bank, corner of Warren and 

Bank streets, with accoutrements and camp and garrison 

equipage at the State House. After the removal of the 

State convicts from the old prison, permission was given 

to the county of Mercer to occupy It as a Jail until Its 

jail, then In course of completion, was finished, and when 

it was again vacated It was converted into an arsenal. 

Among the stores, &c., at the Arsenal are one bronze 
giin, French, of the date of 1758; two bronze guns, Eng- 



80 STATE HOSPITALS. 

llsh, four-pounders, and two Iron six-pounders. There Is 
also one gun captured at the battle of Trenton, December 
26th, 1776, and two guns captured at Yorktown, October 
19th, 1781. There are also a large quantity of fire-arms, 
ammunition, ordnance, tents, clothing, blankets, &c. 

STATE HOSPITAL,. 

Trenton. 

This institution is located on the left bank of the 
Delaware River, about two miles northwest of ihe 
City Hall. The buildings are constructed of reddish 
sandstone, obtained from quarries near the hospital, 
and are located on an elevation of about seventy-five 
feet above the river. The front of the Main, or Ad- 
ministration Building, is ornamented by a handsome 
porch of Ionic architecture, designed by the celebrated 
Notman, from which may be obtained one of the finest 
landscape views in the State. 

In 1844, after repeated and unsuccessful attempts 
to cause action to be taken by the Legislature for 
the building of a State institution for the special care 
and treatment of the insane, a commission was ap- 
pointed, chiefly through the earnest efforts of Dr. 
Lyndon A. Smith, of Essex, and Dr. Lewis Condict, 
of Morris, and the eminent philanthropise, Miss D. L. 
Dix,' to select a site. An appropriation of $35,000 was 
made to purchase the land and to commence the erec- 
tion of the building. The present site was selected 
by the commissioners from among many that were 
offered in various sections of the State, because of 
the large spring of excellent water found on the place. 
This spring was developed, and furnished a dally 
supply of about one-half million of gallons of pure 
water for many years. In the severe drought of 1880 
the supply was greatly diminished, falling off nearly 
two hundred and fifty thousand gallons. In 1907 the 
city sewer, running about 200 feet from the spring, 
burst or overfiowed, and this caused contamination of 
the water supply, resulting in a typhoid epidemic, so 
that it was necessary to discontinue the use of the 
spring. At present the hospital is supplied with 
water by six artesian wells, one of which gives 150 
gallons of water per minute. The spring has been 
filled up, and thus an Important landmark destroyed. 



STATE HOSPITALS. 81 

Work was commenced on the main building In No- 
vember of 1845, and the hospital was opened for the 
reception of patients on tne 15th day of May, 1848. 
Numerous additions have been made from time to 
time to the building-, increasing its capacity. 

In 1887 the Legislature passed an act appropriating 
$100,000 for providing additional accommodations. The 
new building Is a handsome structure of red sand- 
stone, and similar to that used In the rauln building. 
This Is five hundred feet long, three stories In height, 
and capable of accommodating three hundred patients, 
one hundred and fifty of each. The building Is de- 
signed to accommodate the chronic incurable class, 
and was a great relief from the overcrowded state 
that existed in the main building prior to its comple- 
tion. The building was completed within the appro- 
priation, and opened for the reception of patients 
In the month of October, 1889. 

Much has been done for the comfort and pleasure 
of the patients. A greenhouse has been erected for 
the purpose of furnishing plants and flowers for the 
patients* corridors, handsome pictures adorn the 
walls, and everything about the hospital presents a 
comfortable and homelike appearance. 

The institution possesses a library, one of the larg- 
est. If not the largest, in this country, connected with 
a hospital for the Insane. The books are accessible 
to all members of the household. They have been 
freely used, and do much to relieve the monotony of 
many an hour of hospital life. The library now con- 
sists of about 4,000 volum>3s, and Is the result of the 
bequest of a former nurse (Anne Robinson) who, by 
will, bequeathed her earnings for several years as a 
nurse and attendant In this hospital. She made the 
bequest, as she herself expressed It when making her 
will, for the purpose of purchssing books to be used 
for the pleasure and benefit of those to whom she 
had, for so many years, endeavored to minister. 

During the year 1898 a handsome amusement room, 
capable of seating about four hundred, was finished; 
also, a large and commodious chapel. In which relig- 
ious exercises are held every Sunday, when various 
clergymen, without regard to denominational prefer- 
ence, officiate. The new chapel is capable of seating 
about five hundred patients. In 1904-1905 an appro- 



82 STATE HOSPITALS. 

prlation of $250,000 was made for the erection of two 
additional wings to the annex building-, which will 
accommodate 400 more patients. In 1905 the Legisla- 
ture appropriated $12,500 for the construction of Are 
escapes. 

A few years ago a modern laboratory building was 
erected, and at the present time Is fully equipped for 
scientific work. 

In 1907 the new wings, spoken of above, were opened 
for the reception of patients, so that now the hospital 
is not overcrowded. 

In 1908 the Legislature appropriated $111,000 for 
extraordinary improvements, which Included Instal- 
lation of modern plumbing throughout the buildings, 
also tiling for toilet rooms, water sections, etc. 

Two buildings for tuberculosis patients, male and 
female, have been erected, and will accommodate 
twenty-five, each known as the "open air" ward. 

Since January 1st, 1908, there has been no mechan- 
ical restraint of any kind used in the hospital. All 
restraint apparatus, chairs, straight jackets, straps, 
etc., have been removed from the hospital building, 
and are stored away where no one can get at them. 

During the year 1909 the plumbing and tiling of the 
old building was completed, and the sanitary arrange- 
ments for the hospital have been considered by those 
competent to judge, to be the best of any public insti- 
tution of this character. 

In both the male and female departments a hydro- 
therapeutic apparatus has been Installed for giving the 
continuous bath treatment. This apparatus was made 
especially for the hospital, and has given satisfactory 
service in the treatment of acutely excited cases. 

The Legislature of 1911 appropriated $103,000 for ex- 
traordinary improvements. Two farms in the neigh- 
borhood of Trenton Junction have been purchased, 
which will add 250 acres of farm land to the hospital. 
A new laundry has been erected and equipped with 
modern machinery, at a cost of $30,000. 

The Legislature appropriated $2,800 for research 
work, which enables the hospital to employ two 
trained field workers who go out in the community 
and look up fagts regarding the patients' heredity 
and personal history, which gives valuable informa- 
tion to the medical history. They also engage in 
"after care" work, 1. e., in visiting discharged patients 



STATE HOSPITALS. 83 

at certain intervals, Investigating tlieir condition, and 
reporting to the hiospital any unusual conditions whicli 
have any bearing on the recurrence of mental disease. 
During the years 1910 and 1911 $5,000 has been spent 
for furniture for the wards. The Legislature of 1912 
appropriated $165,000 for new buildings, including 
one for the criminal insane. 

STATE HOSPITAL. 

Morris Plains (P. O. Greystone Park). 

Further provision for the accommodation of the In- 
sane being made necessary by the overcrowded con- 
dition of the State Hospital at Trenton, the Legislature 
of 1871 appointed a commission to select a site and 
build a hospital in the northern part of the State. 

At a cost of $78,732.36 a tract of 408 acres of land, 
beautifully situated in the hills of Morris County, 
was purchased and work on the hospital buildings 
begun. 

Additional tracts of land have since been purchased 
at a cost of $32,318.00, making a total of S97 acres, 
at a total cost of $111,050. The original building, now 
known as the "Main Building," was erected, at a cost 
of $2,511,622. The "Dormitory Building" and a new 
reservoir, made necessary by its construction, cost, 
when completed, about $650,000; a new laundry build- 
ing, $18,200; the nurses' cottage, $20,000, and In 1907 
the annual appraisement placed the personal prop- 
erty of the hospital at $294,709, thus making the total 
cost of the entire plant approximately $3,605,581. 

The location is ideal for an Institution caring for 
the mentally afflicted, and Is unsurpassed In this par- 
ticular by any similar institution in the United States. 
The buildings command a magnificent view of the 
surrounding country, and the air is cool and balmy in 
Summer and crisp and stimulating in Winter. 

The main building, opened in 1876, is four stories 
in height, 1,243 feet In length, 542 in depth, and has 
ten acres of floor space, it contains the executive 
offices, receptions rooms, medical library, chapel, 
amusement hall and forty wards, which, when crowded 
to their full capacity, will accommodate 1,200 patients. 

In 1901 the dormitory building was completed. It 
Is situated 1,200 feet In the rear of the main building. 



84 STATE HOSPITALS. 

accommodates 600 patients, and is constructed on the 
day room and dormitory plan. On the fourth floor 
of the building- are well-equipped pathological and 
chemical laboratories, five splendidly-lighted rooms on 
the top floor of the northeast tower being devoted to 
this work. The laboratories have been well equipped 
with many of the latest and best instruments for the 
prosecution of scientific, clinical and research work, 
and have proved to be a highly important adjunct to 
the purely psychiatric work of the hospital. 

A cottage for nurses was built In 1906. This Is a 
three-story brick building, trimmed with sandstone, 
and is situated in front and to the south of the main 
group of buildings. It is within easy access of the 
female wards, and affords sleeping quarters for forty 
female nurses, who formerly, after working dally fif- 
teen hours with the insane, were compelled to spend 
their nights in the wards, in close proximity to noisy 
and disturbed patients. In addition to furnishing ac- 
commodation for the night, the cottage has a recep- 
tion room and library, where the nurses may spend 
their time when off duty. 

In order to give the hospital a better mail service, 
the United States government, on March 23, 1908, es- 
tablished a new post ofilce in the main building of the 
hospital, and named it Greystone Park. The mail 
matter of the institution was formerly handled at 
Morris Plains post office, which is one and one-half 
miles from the building. 

The Legislature of 1911 appropriated $15,000 for the 
erection of a new fire house. This fire house provides 
stabling quarters for two horses and sleeping room for 
twenty male employes who are always to be members 
of the fire department. 

The same Legislature appropriated $40,000 for the 
erection of a male nurses' home. This building accom- 
modates seventy-six men nurses. 

A cold storage plant has been added to the Institu- 
tion which produces five tons of ice per day and also 
provides a room for the storage of hospital food sup- 
plies. 

The Legislature of 1911 made an appropriation of 
$15,000 for a dynamo and building, and there was also 
appropriated $10,000 for a building- for the segregation 
of tubercular patients. The same Legislature also ap- 



STATE HOSPITALS. 85 

proprlated $8,000 for screening the windows of the 
main building and dormitory building. 

The Legislature of 1912 appropriated $69,000 for 
new buildings and alterations. 

A Training School for Nurses was established in 
1894 and it has proved to be of great advantage to the 
hospital in the humane care and treatment of the in- 
sane. A graded three-years' course Is given to the 
nurses and consists of lectures and practical demon- 
strations given by the medical staff in anatomy, physi- 
ology, materia medica and therapeutics, chemistry and 
toxicology, obstetrics and gynecology, genito-urlnary 
diseases, practice of medicine, minor surgery, practical 
bedside nursing and bandaging. The course is com- 
pulsory upon all who are employed as attendants, and 
since the establishment of the school, 226 persons have 
been granted diplomas. 

Further provision for the scientific treatment of 
patients has been made by the equipment of rooms, 
both in the male and in the female departments, with 
complete hydrotherapeutlc apparatus and by the 
Installation of electrotherapeutic appliances, and a 
powerful static machine In a room In the main build- 
ing, convenient to both male and female departments. 

A room has also been set apart and fully equipped 
with Instruments and appliances for the examination 
and treatment of patients suffering from diseased 
conditions of the eye, ear, nose and throat. 

The medical library contains over 1,300 volumes of 
carefully-selected text books and reference works on 
medical and other scientific subjects, together with 
well-bound volumes of the annual reports of every hos- 
pital for the insane in the United States, Canada, South 
American States and many of the countries in Europe. 

Among the many improvements added in recent 
years is a new system of keeping case records. The 
complete record of each patient from the time he en- 
ters the hospital until he Is discharged is kept in a 
separate envelope, filed vertically in steel cabinets 
especially constructed for the purpose. The files are 
thoroughly cross-indexed, which permits of needful in- 
formation being rapidly and easily obtained in any 
given case. 

Additional protection from fire has been provided 
by equipping the hospital with the Klrker-Bender type 
of fire escape. 



S<» STATE NORMAL SCHOOL. 

Fire drills are held at regular intervals so that the 
patients may become familiar with the location of the 
fire escapes and accustom themselves to their use so 
as to enable them In the event of fire to go through 
this means out of danger in an orderly and expeditious 
manner. 

The hospital has equipped Dental Rooms with the 
latest and most modern appliances, thus enabling the 
Resident Dentist to do scientific work for the patients 
needing dental attention. 

The Legislature of 1912 appropriated $15,000 for a 
storehouse in which all supplies are kept, and' $8,000 
was also appropriated for the construction of an in- 
dustrial building which is equipped with apparatus 
and supplies of the manufacture of a great variety 
of hospital utilities. 

The normal capacity of the institution is 1,600 
patients. In 1914 there were 2,500 patients under care 
and treatment, being 900 over the normal capacity 
and increasing annually by about 100. Owing to this 
condition the percentage of recoveries must of ne- 
cessity be small and the proper classification of the 
different psychoses is impossible. 

STATE XOR3IAI. SCHOOIi 

at Trenton. 

The State Normal School at Trenton is located on 
North Clinton avenue. The property covers the entire 
block on the west side of the avenue enclosed by Mon- 
mouth, Perry and Southard streets, and has a consid- 
erable frontage on the east side of the avenue and on 
Model avenue. 

The purpose of the Normal School was described at 
the time of its founding in 1855 to be "the training and 
education of its pupils in such branches of knowledge, 
and such methods of teaching and governing, as will 
qualify them for teachers of our common schools." 

The following two-year courses are offered to grad- 
uates of high schools on the "Approved List": General 
Course; Kindergarten Course; Domestic Science 
Course; Commercial Course; Manual Training Course; 
and an Industrial Arts Teachers' Course of shorter 
length, given in connection with the Trenton School of 
Industrial Arts. 

In 1857 the State Model School was established, de- 
signed to be a place where the "pupils of the Normal 
School shall have opportunity to observe and practice 
the modes of instruction and discipline inculcated in 
the Normal School," and including all grades from the 
kindergarten through a full high school course. 

This school, as such, was discontinued July 1st, 1917, 



STATE NORMAL SCHOOL. 87 

and in its place a public practice school including six 
grades was established. 

The school buildings are equipped with laboratories, 
gymnasiums and the modern appliances necessary to 
meet the requirements of good work. The dormitories 
provide a comfortable home for about 450 students. 

In addition to the campus on which the buildings 
stand there is a play field and school garden of over 
two acres fronting on Model avenue and extending to 
Lincoln avenue and the Assunpink creek. 

The following figures show the first cost to the State 
and the present valuation of the Normal School 
property. 

The first cost to the State has been supplemented 
from time to time by the contributions of private in- 
dividuals, and by the balances from the Boarding Hall 
receipts after meeting the annual expenses of the Hall. 

FIRST COST TO THE STATE. 
Original Normal and Model 

School Buildings $38,000 00 

Appropriation of 1890 40,000 00 

Appropriation of 1891 8,000 00 

Appropriation of 1893 12,000 00 

Appropriation of 1894 10,000 00 

Appropriation of 1897 25,000 00 

Appropriation of 1903 5,000 00 

Appropriation of 1913 101,000 00 

Appropriation of 1914 9,248 52 

Staircase, 1916 4,500 00 

Fire Protection, 1917 12,600 00 

$265,348 52 

Original Boarding Halls $30,000 00 

Sundry Annual Appropriations. . 67.075 00 

Appropriation of 1904 40,000 00 

137,075 00 

Total $402,423 52 

PRESENT VALUATION. 

Original School Buildings $51,000 00 

Appropriation of 1S90 40,000 00 

Appropriation of 1891 8,000 00 

Appropriation of 1893 12,000 00 

Appropriation of 1894 10,000 00 

Appropriation of 1897 25,000 00 

Appropriation of 1902 5,000 00 

Appropriation of 1913 85,000 00 

Furniture and Apparatus 30,000 00 

Appropriation of 1914 8,248 52 

Staircase, 1916 4,500 00 

Fire Protection, 1917 12,600 00 

■ $291,348 52 



88 MONTCLAIR NORMAL SCHOOL. 

Boarding- Halls $71,000 00 

North Wing", 1893 30,000 00 

Principal's Residence, 1893 16,000 00 

Building-s and Lot, 1899 20,400 00 

Sundry Annual Appropriations. . 67,075 00 

Appropriation of 1904 40,000 00 

Furniture 50,000 00 

$294,475 00 

Grounds 115,000 00 

Appropriation of 1913 16,000 00 

Appropriation of 1914 1,000 00 

Appropriation of 1915 4,000 00 

Total $721,823 52 

The enrollment in the Normal School in 1855 was 43. 
For the year ending- June 30th, 191S. it was 627, and in 
the Training School 255. During its history the Nor- 
mal School has graduated 6,708 students. 

The Principals of the schools have been as follows: 
William F. Phelps, A.M., October 1st, 1855, to March 
15th, 1865; John S. Hart, LL.D., March 15th, 1865, to 
February 7th, 1871; Lewis M. Johnson, A.M., February 
7th, 1871, to July 1st, 1876; Washington Hasbrouck, 
Ph.D., July 1st, 1876, to February 10th, 1889; James 
M. Green, Ph.D., LL.D., February 10th, 1889, to July 1st, 
1917; J. J. Savitz, A.M., Pd.D., July 1st, 1917, to the 
present time. 



»IONTCL,AIR STATE NORMAL. SCHOOL, 

Upper Montclair, New Jersey. 

The Montclair State Normal School is located in the 
extreme northern part of Montclair on a plot of more 
than twenty-flve acres. Bj^ special act of the legis- 
lature, so much of this site as was originally in Pas- 
saic county was set over into Essex county. 

A more beautiful or healthful site could not have 
been selected. The g-rounds have an elevation of 400 
feet above sea level and command an uninterrupted 
view of a landscape of remarkable beauty. The 
Orange range stretches away to the right, Avhile at 
the front and left the Passaic valley, the Hudson 
and the taller buildings of New York City are plainly 
visible. 



MONTCLAIR NORMAL SCHOOL. 89 

The main school building-, in the mission style, 
334 feet long and 133 feet deep, of brick covered with 
white stucco, is situated on the highest part of the 
grounds, facing the New York landscape. In front 
is an esplanade 260 feet long and 44 feet wide, pro- 
tected by a concrete wall from which steps descend 
to the lawn. 

About 500 feet directly in front of the main school 
building, parallel to it and connected with it by a 
broad walk of brick, is the Russ Memorial Dormitory, 
the gift of the late Edward Russ of Hoboken. 

This building, which was opened for the reception 
of students in September, 1915, is fireproof throughout 
and is designed in the Spanish Mission style, with 
white stucco exterior walls and red Spanish tile roof, 
to conform in character to the present Normal School 
building. 

The dormitory accommodates 96 students, there 
being- 52 single rooms and 22 double rooms. Each 
floor is provided with ample bath and toilet room 
facilities, and at each end of the hall, conveniently lo- 
cated, are two enclosed fireproof stairs extending from 
the top floor to the ground and giving ample exits. 

The main floor is particularly well planned for the 
social requirements of a school. The living room 
at one end is 33 feet wide and 40 feet long, having 
at one end a reading room, 13 feet by 32 feet. This 
is elevated a few steps above the general level of the 
living room and is used as a reading room and as a 
stage for giving amateur plays. On one side of the 
living room is a large open fireplace, which adds 
much to the attractiveness of the room. 

At the other end of the building- is the large dining 
room, accommodating 110 persons. This is finished in 
old ivory tints and has an attractive fireplace at one 
side of the room. 

The kitchen and serving rooms are up-to-date in 
every respect. They are arranged with a view to the 
best sanitary requirements and every convenience of 
a large kitchen has been installed. 

On the first floor is located the matron's suite, which 
contains a living room and bedroom. There is also 
a reception room for visitors and a hospital room. 

The basement contains store rooms, trunk rooms 
and a large and well-equipped laundry. 



90 NEWARK NORMAL SCHOOL. 

The sleeping- rooms, both single and double, are 
equipped with comfortable and attractive furniture. 
Each student has a single iron bedstead and excellent 
mattress, a chiffonier, a desk, a commode, an easy 
chair and a straight chair. Each student has a sepa- 
rate closet for clothing. 

The equipment of both school and dormitory is of 
the latest and best. The ample grounds have been 
graded and beautified by walks, drives and by the 
planting of many evergreens and shrubs. 

Pour tennis courts, a large athletic field called "The 
Bowl," a school garden of two acres and an extensive 
grove of fine trees sheltering a numerous bird life, 
give opportunity for outdoor games, athletic contests, 
field gymnastics, horticulture, kitchen garden, geog- 
raphy and nature study such as few institutions can 
offer. 

The Montclair State Normal School opened for its 
first session September 15th, 1908, with an attendance 
of 187 pupils. Its present enrollment is 600. In the 
past nine years, it has graduated 1,206 teachers. The 
principal is Dr. Charles S. Chapin, who has been at 
the head of the school since July 1st, 1908. 

THE NEAV JERSEY STATE NORMAL SCHOOL 

at Newark. 

The new State School building is cei.trally located 
between Broad street and Belleville avenue, at the 
intersection of Fourth avenue, and occupies, including 
its spacious grounds, an entire city block. The archi- 
tecture of the building is dignified as well as pictur- 
esque and is enhanced by the sunken garden, masses 
of bloom and hedges. The interior has been greatly 
admired for the beauty of its color scheme, its fine 
appointments and educational features. Tlie building 
is equipped with an auditorium, gymnasium, labora- 
tories, manual training shops, sewing rooms, art 
rooms and spacious, well-ventilated class rooms for 
normal work. Special features are the demonstration 
rooms with raised seats, lecture rooms, conference 
rooms, a fine library, study halls and a splendidly 
equipped kitchen and dining room. The building also 
has a modern system of heating, lighting and ventil- 
ating and excellent sanitary conditions. 



STATE HOME FOR BOYS. 91 

This new building- opened its doors iinder State con- 
trol September 16th, 1913, with an enrollment of 450 
students and a waiting list. It may be of interest to 
note that the school is so centrally located that only 
two students requested boarding places in the city of 
Newark. The trolley and railroad facilitiea are such 
that they can readily come and return to their homes. 
A dozen prominent high schools are within forty 
minutes of the school. 

A large practice school is connected with the Nor- 
mal where students are trained under actual school 
conditions and the aim Is to graduate an efficient 
corps of teachers for the public schools of the State. 

The Principal of the new State School is W. Spader 
Willis, who for fourteen years was Principal of the 
City Normal School at Newark. 

THE STATE HOME FOR BOYS. 

"The New Jersey State Reform School" was estab- 
lished by act of the Legislature approved April 6th, 1865. 
A farm of 490 acres was purchased for the purpose near 
Jamesburg, Middlesex county. 

The first boy was received July 6th, 1867. Its first Sup- 
erintendent was Rev. Luther H. Sheldon, who was in 
office from April 10th. 18G7, till April 1st, 1874, and was 
succeeded by James H. Eastman, who was Superinten- 
dent from April 1st, 1874. till September 15th, 1884. Upon 
his withdrawal Ira Otterson was made acting Superin- 
tendent, and on December 10th, 1884, he was elected Sup- 
erintendent. In 1902 Mr. Otterson was succeeded by John 
Wildes who, March 1, 1904. gave way to John C. Kalleen. 
In 1900 the name of The Reform School was changed to 
the State Home for Boys. 

Since founding the school, beside the Administration 
building, there have been erected on the campus eight 
family buildings (two of them double buildings), capa- 
ble of accommodating fifty boys each, a chapel, hos- 
pital, store and cook house, industrial building, elec- 
tric light, heat and power, generating station and 
farm buildings, conservatory, up-to-date cow barn, 
piggery, all of brick, many of the buildings con- 
structed with bricks manufactured by the boys on 
the place. 

Besides domestic and farm labor, all boys are instruct- 
ed In the rudiments of an English school education, and 



92 STATE HOME FOR GIRLS. 

many receive Instruction In sliorthand and typewrit- 
ing and in tlie different meclianical branches and 
band music. 

In 1900 there was erected by boys' labor, under regular 
Instructors, a building: 40 by 100 feet, two stories high, In 
which are established schools for trade teaching. In 
1910, in this building, a complete outfit of machinery 
consisting of a planer, mortiser, universal and band 
saw, and others necessary to make It complete was 
supplied. While in the past, so far as the accommoda- 
tions would permit, a number of boys have received 
instruction in mechanical trades, and with the accom- 
modations furnished in the new building, a greater 
number of boys receive a more thorough knowledge 
in lines of skilled handicraft, which will the better 
prepare them to become good citizens. 

During 1910 the cow and dairy barn have been re- 
modeled and rebuilt, and the Legislature of 1910 appro- 
priated $40,000 with which to erect a central school 
building. The Legislature of 1912 appropriated 
$40,000 for the erection of a double cottage, and in 
1917 an assembly room was erected at a cost of $40,000. 

STATE3 HOIME: FOR GIRLS. 

This Institution Is located on the line of the Trenton 
Branch of the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad, In 
the City of Trenton, near the Trenton State Hospital, and 
is located on a farm of about 79 acres of land. A sub- 
stantial building was erected at a cost of $23,334, and 
other improvements since made bring the value of the 
place, with furniture, &c., up to $186,622. The value 
of the land is $16,700. Previous to the erection of 
the new building, the school was at "Pine Grove," 
in the Sixth Ward of the city of Trenton. This place 
had been leased so as to afford room for persons sen- 
tenced under the act of April 4th, 1871, and a subsequent 
act. The Legislature of 1900 appropriated $30,000 for the 
erection of an additional building. In 1900 and 1901 about 
$31,000 was spent for Improvements and the Legislature 
of 1905 appropriated $36,000 for the erection of a new 
cottage and about $9,000 for various other improve- 
ments. On February 11th. 1910, a new administration 
building, named the "Fort Cottage," was formally 
opened. It Is the counterpart of Washington's head- 
quarters at Morristown, N. J., and had served as New 
Jersey headquarters at the Jamestown, Virginia, Ex- 
position. It is most elaborately furnished with every- 



THE STATE PRISON. 93 

thing- suggestive of the colonial period. A new cot- 
tage costing $25,000 was erected in 1911 and 1912 to 
house twenty-five little girls. The Legislature of 
1912 appropriated $16,700 for the erection of an in- 
firmary and barn. 

The institution is for girls between the ages of ten 
and nineteen years who may be committed to it by 
the courts. In 1917 $10,000 was appropriated for ad- 
ditional buildings. 

THE STATE PRISON. 

The New Jersey State Prison, situated on the block en- 
closed by Federal, Third, Cass and Second streets, in the 
city of Trenton, la one of the finest Institutions of its 
kind In the country. Its erection was authorized by an 
act of the Legislature passed February 13th, 1832, and it 
was completed in the year 1836, having 150 cells, at a cost 
of $179,657,11. It was built of red sand-stone, from the 
Ewing quarries, and the style of its architecture is Egyp- 
tian, having four Egyptian columns in front of the main 
entrance, on Third street. It consists of a main building, 
used as a residence for the Keeper and as reception 
rooms and offices. From time to time the prison has been 
enlarged, and although there is not sufficient room to 
afford separate confinement for each prisoner, as requir- 
ed by law, the provisions of the act are carried out as far 
as possible. The rules and regulations now In force have 
brought the internal affairs of the Institution, as to clean- 
liness, discipline, victualing, &c., to a much higher stand- 
ard than was ever before reached, and a visit thereto will 
convince the visitor that the management is as perfect 
as can be. 

Previous to the year 1798 there was no State Prison, 
and prisoners were confined in the county jails. On 
March 1st, 1797, Jonathan Doane was appointed by an act 
of the Legislature as an agent to purchase a lot of land 
from Peter Hunt, situate at Lamberton, containing six 
and a half acres, and to erect suitable buildings thereon. 
This was done at an expense of £9,842 Os. 3d., and what is 
now the State Arsenal, at Second and Cass streets, is 
the result. Solitary confinement was not practiced pre- 
vious to lb;36, in which year the old prison was vacated 
and the present one occupied. 

On March 4th. 1847, $5,000 was appropriated to build an 
additional wing to the original building. On March 25th, 
1852. $15,000 was granted for the erection of a new wing 
for hospital purposes. On March 22d. 1860. the sum of 
$17,000 was voted for the purpose of building an additional 



94 THE STATE PRISON. 

wlngr for cells, and on February 16th, 1861, a further sum 
of J2,243.01 was appropriated to complete the same. On 
April 16th, 1868, $6,000 was appropriated for the building of 
an additional wing to provide room for female convicts. 
An act passed April 2d, 1869, provided for the appoint- 
ment of commissioners to extend the grounds of the 
prison to the wall of the State Arsenal, to build an ad- 
ditional wing and workshops, and made an appropriation 
of $50,000 for that purpose, and in the same month $9,734 
was appropriated for the purpose of completing the wing 
of the female department. On April 4th, 1871, the sum 
of $75,000 was appropriated for the purpose of completing 
the npw or pn.«jf w^ner. nnd on April 4th. 1S72. n further 
sum of $28,700 was appropriated for the completion of the 
same. March 3d, 1874, $12,000 was voted for the con- 
struction of gas works for the supply of Illuminating gas 
for the prison. On March 8th, 1877, the sum of $100,000 
was appropriated for the enlargement of the prison and 
the purchase of a burial ground for deceased convicts. 
The north wing was remodeled out of this last appro- 
priation and a burial ground purchased. The Legislature 
of 1895 appropriated $150,000 for the enlargement and im- 
provement of the prison. The Legislature of 1899 appro- 
priated $14,000 for alterations In the women's wing of the 
prison. Tn 1905 $250,000 was appropriated for the erection 
of a new wing, and It was finished in 1907. The addi- 
tion, which Is at the northeast corner of the Institu- 
tion, Is one of the most complete in the United States. 
There are five tiers, each having seventy cells. The 
interior Is wholly of steel and concrete. The cells are 
separated from the outer walls by a passageway for 
the keepers and the entire section of ench tier is com- 
pletely enclosed In a cage of steel. Thirty-five cells 
are controlled by a combination locking device, al- 
though any one cell door or a series of doors can be 
thrown open by a lever system from the end of the 
corridor where the locking device Is located. Between 
the cell sections there is a narrow utility court from 
which the ventilation Is controlled and where the sani- 
tary parts can be reached without any necessity for 
going Into the cells. Each cell has a steel cot, porce- 
lain washstand and sanitary arrangement and is light- 
ed by electricity. Special attention has been given to 
ventilation. A death house was also built on the prison 
grounds in 1907 to comply with the law regarding the 
electrocution of persons condemned to death. 

In 1917 $30,000 was appropriated for the reconstruc-_ 
tion of wing No. 3. 



HOME FOR DISABLED SOLDIERS. 95 



THE NEW JERSEV HOME FOR DISABLED 
SOLDIERS. 

This Institution Is located in Kearny, Hudson county. 
It originated In the mind of Governor Marcus L. Ward 
just before the close of the Civil War. His petition to 
the Legislatures of 1863-64 resulted In the passage of an 
act on April 12th, 1861. appointing himself, ex-Governors 
Daniel Haines, William A. Newell and Charles S. Olden, 
and Edwin A. Stevens and Rynear H. Veghte as com- 
missioners to examine into and report on the subject. On 
February 1. 18f!f», they mnde their report to Governor 
Parker and the Legislature appropriated $50,000 for the 
desired purpose. Grounds were purchased In the city of 
Newark and in March, 1866, the same commissioners were 
appointed managers of the Home. The board appointed 
Colonel A. N. Dougherty, Commandant; Rev. Samuel T. 
Moore, Superintendent and Chaplain, and Dr. A. M. Mills. 
Surgeon, of the Home. It was opened for reception on 
July 4th. 1866. For twenty-two years the Home remained 
in Newark, when a new site was selected in Kearny. This 
comprises about sixteen acres and $225,000 was appro- 
priated for the buildings, furnishings. «S:C. On October 
4th, 1888, the old home was vacated and the new home 
occupied. The New Jersey Home Is the parent of similar 
Institutions throughout thf. country. In order to gain ad- 
mission to the Home the applicant must have served In 
the army, navy or marine service and been honorably 
discharged therefrom. He must have lived in the State 
for at least two years next preceding date of applica- 
tion, or have served in a New Jersey organization, 
and must be unable to earn a living for himself by man- 
ual labor. Since 1888 various additions have been 
made. 

(VEAV JERSEY HOME FOR DISABT-ED SOLDIERS, 
SAILORS OR MARINES AND THEIR AVIVES. 

Vineland. 
This Home was organized in 1898, the sum of $5,000 ha- 
Ing been appropriated for the purpose. A plot of ground, 
comprislnt? 20 acres, and a building containing about 75 
rooms and basement, situated in the town of Vineland, 
were purchased for a Home, and In 1899 an additional 
appropriation of $21,500 was made to pay for the prop- 
erty. In the same year the sum of $20,000 was appro- 



96 SCHOOL FOR THE DEAF. 

priated for altering-, repairing and furnishing the build- 
ings. In 1900 a special appropriation of $13,000 was made 
for new floors, porches, laundry machinery, engine and 
boiler and furniture. The Home was opened in Decem- 
ber, 1899, for the admission of inmates and the first were 
admitted January 2d. 1900. In 1901 the sum of $7,700 was 
appropriated for an elevator, alterations and appliances, 
making the cost of building and land $67,200. In 1903 nine 
acres of additional land was purchased at a cost of $2,000 
and the same year an act was passed by the Legislature 
providing for the care and maintenance of widows of vet- 
erns, and the sum of $28,000 was appropriated for the con- 
struction and furnishing of buildings necessary to carry 
out the provisions of the act. An additional sum of $2,500 
was appropriated for extra work and the building was 
completed and ready for occupancy in July, 1904. 
Since then two new wings, each eighty feet long and 
containing some 120 rooms, have been added, and a 
separate boiler house In the rear of the main build- 
ings erected. A new heating and lighting plant has 
been Installed, and other marked Improvements for 
the care and comforts of the inmates completed. In 
1912 the Legislature appropriated $30,000 for a new 
hospital. 

SCHOOL FOR THE DEAF. 

This Institution, which Is located at TYenton, Is a part 
of the public school system of the State, and Is open to 
deaf residents of the State between the ages of six and 
twenty-one years. The pupils are instructed In the 
branches of common-school education, and are also train- 
ed In some handicraft. Speech Is taught to all who can 
acquire it. and with such success that In some classes It 
becomes the principal means of communication. 

The Industrial department Is larger and better equip- 
ped than In most schools of this kind. From the printing 
office Is Issued monthly a paper, the Silent Worker, 
which, in point of mechanical execution and of quality 
of contents, ranks as the best Issued from any Institution 
In the country. All the work on this paper Is performed 
by pupils of the school. 

The wood-working department, under the charge of a 
graduate of a technical school of high rank, has a course 
in which theory and practice are united In an unusual de- 
gree. 

A course of kindergarten work, especially adapted to 
the deaf child, has been worked out in the school, and 



HOME FOR FEEBLE-MINDED WOMEN. 97 

has been followed by some of the best schools of the kind 
In this country. 

A building for hospital purposes, designed In accord- 
ance with the best modern practice and ample to meet 
any possible need, was opened In 1899. 

The attendance of pupils has risen from 125 in June, 
1896, until at the present time it is about 200. 

The school possesses a well chosen library, which at 
present contains about 4,000 vol\imes, and is rapidly 
growing. In 1917 $40,000 was appropriated for im- 
provements. 

HOMB FOR THE CARE3 AND TRAINING OF FBEBLIS- 
MINDED WOMEN. 

Vineland. 

This Institution was established by virtue of the act of 
March 27th, 1888, the late S. Olln Garrison, who drafted 
the original law, being its first superintendent. On No- 
vember 7th, of the same year, he was succeeded by Mary 
J. Dunlap, M.D., and then by Dr. Madeleine A. Hallo- 
well. Upon organization of the first board of mana- 
gers, the late Hon. Alexander G. Catell, of Camden 
county, was chosen President, a place he acceptably 
filled until his death. He was succeeded by the Hon. 
Benjamin F. Lee, of Mercer county, Clerk of the Su- 
preme Court, who occupied the position until his 
death In 1909. Mrs. Emily E. H. Williamson, of 
Union county, was secretary of the board from its 
organization until her death in 1909. The first 
treasurer was the Hon. Belmont Perry, of Gloucester 
county, he being succeeded by ex-Senator Philip P. 
Baker, of Cumberland county; the late Senator Barton 
F. Thorn, of Burlington county, and George B. Thorn, 
Esq., of Burlington county, the present incumbent. 
Harry H. Pond was elected President in 1909. 

As its official title suggests, this institution has for Its 
object the care and training of feeble minded women. 
Its location in a peculiarly healthful and fertile portion 
of the State, the plan and scope of the buildings, as well 
as their equipment and the employment of modern ad- 
ministrative methods, make the Home a subject for fav- 
orable comparison with any similar Institution In the 
country. The property consists of about 50 acres. 

The most conspicuous building of the Home is that de- 
voted to purposes of administration and Instruction, In- 
cluding dormitories and a gynanaslum. There is also a 

7 



98 SCHOOL, FOR FEEBLE-MINDED CHILDREN. 

laundry, a pov.er-house, with heating apparatus, and 
pump for raising the sewage of the home Into the Vine- 
land system. Fire escapes and a water tower give pro- 
tection to the State's wards. All the buildings are light- 
ed with gas or electricity. 

In 1912 the Legislature appropriated $60,000 for a 
new dormitory, &c. 

TRAINING SCHOOL. FOR FEEBLE-MINDED 
CHILDREN. 

Vineland. 

This public Institution Is an outgrowth of a private one, 
which Prof. S. Olin Garrison established in MlllviUe, Cum- 
berland county, on September 1st, 1S87. It was opened at 
Vineland, on March 1st, 1888, with an enrollment of ten 
pupils. Adjacent properties were soon acquired and a 
handsome building, costing about $18,000, was erected In 
1890-91. There are fourteen cottages, besides a hospital, 
large barns, shops and manual training rooms, located 
on a farm of 260 acres. The school has a fine assem- 
bly hall, seating over 600, and also containing seven 
school rooms, drill room and a gymnasium. The De- 
partment of Research has a well equipped laboratory, 
where studies as to the cause and prevention of feeble- 
mindedness are carried on. 

The plan and scope of training and education by the 
school, require fourteen teachers in English, Kindergar- 
ten, Music, Physical Culture and Manual Trades depart- 
ments, thereby indicating the special and comprehensive 
fields of instruction. There is also a custodial depart- 
ment for the idiotic. 

The property is worth over $250,000, real and personal, 
with a debt of only $21,000. Besides very good prop- 
erty acquisitions at low cost, at least $150,000 have 
been donated to the school since Its organization, to 
aid In the current expenses, In Improvements and new 
buildings. 

STATE VILLAGE FOR EPILEPTICS. 

. Sklllman, Somerset County. 
This village Is located In Montgomery township, Somer- 
set county, at Skillman Station, on the line of the 
Philadelphia and Reading Railroad. The location is 
one of the most beautiful and healthful in the State, 
and Is admirably adapted for the purposes of this 



STATE VILLAGE FOR EPILEPTICS. 99 

kind of an institution. The managers have secured 
five adjoining- farms containing in all about 1,005 
acres. 

The five farm houses are now being- used, one for 
the Administration building, one for residence of the 
Superintendent, one for patients and two for employes. 
In all there are 54 buildings, 19 used for house 
patients. 

In 1884 Dr. John W. Ward, Superintendent of the State 
Hospital at Trenton, realizing the necessity of separating 
the epileptics from the insane, went before a legislative 
committee and strongly urged the appropriation of $50,- 
000 to erect a building upon the grounds of that institu- 
tion for the proper care of the epileptics. The late Prof. 
S. Olin Garrison, Principal of the New Jersey Training 
School for Feeble-MInded Children, at Vlneland, early re- 
cognized the necessity of separate provision for the epi- 
leptics In that Institution, and was Indefatigable in his 
efforts to establish the present village. 

For a number of years the subject was agitated, and 
In 18S5, In accordance with a resolution passed by the 
Legislature, the Governor appointed a commission to In- 
vestigate the number and condition of epileptics In the 
State. The report of the commission was presented to 
the Legislature of 1896 and a bill was Introduced for the 
establishment of a colony on a plan recommended by the 
cOmmisslOTi. The bill falling to become a law, the New 
Jersey State Medical Society, by resolution at their an- 
nual meeting in 1896, endorsed the necessity of such 
legislation. In 1897 the President, Dr. Thomas J. Smith, 
of Brldgeton, most ably presented the necessity of pro- 
viding for the epileptics, and urged that the State author- 
ities be Importuned most earnestly to revive the move- 
ment initiated the year before to establish an industrial 
epileptic colony In our State. The Society reaffirmed Its 
position, and appointed a committee to urge the matter 
further. 

Through the combined efforts of those interested and 
with the zealous co-operation of Senator Stokes, of Cum- 
berland, who had charge of the legislation, an act was 
passed by the Legislature of 1898, and promptly signed by 
Acting Governor Voorhees, making the necessary provi- 
sions for the establishment of the Institution. The sum 
of $15,000 was appropriated for the purchase of a site and 
to pay for the equipment and maintenance of the vil- 
lage. The "Maplewood Farm." containing about 187 
acres, was purchased for $11,500, and the village was 



100 NEW JERSEY REFORMATORY. 

opened for the reception of male patients November 1st, 
of the same year. 

The Legislature of ISOO appropriated $30,000 for the erec- 
tion of two cottages for patients, and $16,000 for the pur- 
chase of two farms adjoining the property. Additional 
appropriations were made each year from 1901 to 1911, 
aggregating $900,000, for extensions and improve- 
ments. All epileptics of either sex, over five years of 
age, and not insane or idiotic are admitted. 

In 1912 the Legislature appropriated $78,000 for new 
buildings. 

NEW JERSEY REFORMATORY. 

Railway. 

In 1895 the Legislature passed an act, approved by 
Governor Werts on March 28 of that year, providing 
for the appointment of a commission to consist of 
six persons, who were charged with the duty of build- 
ing an Intermediate reformatory institution for first 
male offenders. The commission was authorized to 
set apart the property known as the Edgar farm, 
located in Union and Middlesex Counties, and then 
belonging to the State Sinking Fund. 

If it were found necessary they were authorized to 
purchase adjoining property for the completion of 
the site at a cost not to exceed ten thousand dollars, 
but this authority was not used. 

The institution, when completed, was designed to 
accommodate not less than one thousand inmates, 
and the sum of one hundred thousand dollars was ap- 
propriated to begin the work. 

The site now comprises about 115 acres. That 
which is not occupied by the buildings or enclosed 
within a stockade surrounding the same, furnisher 
occupation to the inmates, and Is devoted to the pur- 
pose of tillage, to supply farm products and sustain 
the animals used by the institution. 

The original Commissioners were Patrick Farrelly, 
George S. Mott, David M. Chambers, William A. Ure, 
John T. Daly and Thomas M. Gopsill. 

According to the plans originally adopted the build- 
ing, when completed, was to have four wings, capable 
of accommodating 1,024 Inmates. The first wing and 
centre were completed in the year 1901, and Inmates 
were then first received. 



NEW JERSEY REFORMATORY. 101 

First male offenders only are admitted between the 
ages of sixteen and thirty years. 

The criminal courts of the State are empowered in 
their discretion to commit offenders to the Reforma- 
tory Instead of State Prison. The original commission 
was replaced by the present Board of Commissioners, 
consisting of nine persons, including the Governor, 
and no more than four to be of the same political 
party. 

The reformatory and grounds are located about one 
and a half miles south of the City of Rahway. The 
buildings now erected comprise the guard-room build- 
ing, northeast and southeast wings, the domestic 
building and "Tie-to" building, connecting it with the 
guard-room building, the industrial building, new 
tuberculous pavilion, independent water system with 
filtering plant, two trades' school buildings and wall, 
power house, hospital for contagious diseases, barn, 
hennery, piggery, shelter station and cold storage 
warehouse. 

The "Tie-to" building, the hospital, the pavilion, 
barn, hennery, piggery, shelter station and cold stor- 
age warehouse were constructed entirely by the in- 
mates and without cost to the State, except for mate- 
rial. 

The construction of a sewage disposal system con- 
tracted for by the former Board of Managers, has 
been completed recently by Inmate labor. 

The Inmates are detailed to different trade classes, 
and do all the work required for betterments and 
repairs. They enjoy dally educational advantages and 
are regularly drilled in military tactics. 

STATE TUBERCULOUS SANITARIUM. 

Glen Gardner. 

This Sanitarium, which was completed In 1907, is lo- 
cated at Glen Gardner, near High Bridge, Hunterdon 
county. The site is on the slope of a mountain nearly 
1,000 feet above the level of the sea, where the State 
has acquired about 600 acres. The slope has been cut 
away and leveled for a considerable space, and here 
the buildings were constructed. On a clear day the 
view from this point Is one of the most magnificent In 
this picturesque section of North New Jersey. It looks 



102 STATE TUBERCULOUS SANITARIUM. 

away over a rolling- country of wooded hills and culti- 
vated farm lands to the mountains on the other side of 
the valley, which run at its foot. Away in the dis- 
tance like a thin ribbon of silver is the South Branch 
river, and in whatever direction the eye turns some 
new and charming scene is encountered. The structure 
consists of a service building-, administration building 
and east and west wards. The service building is the 
source of supplies for the institution. It is 84x110 feet, 
three stories, including basement, In which Is the 
boiler room, engine room and electric light plant. A 
cold storage is located in the basement. On the second 
floor is the main dining hall, whioh Is 84x48 feet, the 
service room, bakery, kitchen, storeroom, butcher shop 
and cold storage. The third flood is fitted up with 
rooms for the doctors, employees' rooms, ironing, dry- 
ing and linen rooms, coat rooms, sterilizing room, &c. 
All the buildings are built of field stone, stuccoed on 
the outside and finished with white plaster on the in- 
terior. The ward building is 32x150 feet and the ad- 
ministration building 52x120 feet. The buildings are 
so constructed that additions may be made from time 
to time as the necessity of the case demands. About 
175 patients can be comfortably accommodated in the 
ward buildings. The water supply is derived from a 
large reservoir which is kept supplied from the springs, 
The system of sewerage is among the most sanitary 
In existence. The total cost of the Sanitarium repre- 
sents an outlay of about $300,000, 

The first Impetus for caring for tha State's consump- 
tive poor was given In an address delivered In 1900 be- 
fore the State Medical Society by Dr. Halsey, then 
president. A bill was drawn by a committee of the 
society, and was passed by the Legislature in 1902, 
when a Board of Managers was appointed by Governor 
Murphy. Of this Board, Dr. Charles J. Kipp of Newark 
was elected president, and for whom the mountain on 
which the State Sanitarium was built v/as named. The 
Legislature appropriated $50,000 to carry the bill Into 
effect. The Sanitarium is Intended as a model institu- 
tion, larg-ely educational In character, which would 
give a practical demonstration of up-to-date methods 
of treating cases of tuberculosis and point the way for 
other institutions of a similar type, at the same time 
extending the direct benefits of its system to as large a 
number of cases as Its necessarily limited facilities 



BORDENTOWN INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL. 103 

would enable it to care for. The Institution handles 
about six hundred cases annually. Its purpose is 
to arrest the disease in its incipient stage and dis- 
charge the patient in such condition that, with the 
aid of the instruction he receives while at the Institu- 
tion, he may be reasonably certain of being able to ef- 
fect his own cure. This instruction will prove valuable 
not only to himself, but to the public In general, as it 
becomes disseminated through his agency and that of 
the otlier patients who undergo treatment and go out 
again In the world at large. As a rule, the cases se- 
lected will be such as can be treated with reasonable 
expectancy of a cure. In 1912 the Legislature appro- 
priated $89,500 for new buildings. 

BORDENTOWN INDUSTRIAL. SCHOOL. 

Tlie Manual Training and Industrial School for Col- 
ored Youth located at Bordentown, N. J., is a State 
institution maintained by appropriations from the 
State and under the supervision of the State Board of 
Education. 

The school was established to meet the educational 
needs of the colored people of New Jersey and seeks 
more and more to fit its students to go out and do 
intelligently the work to which they are called. 

The Literary Department as far as is practicable Is 
adjusted to the needs of the Industrial Training, and 
an elTort is made to throw around the student a home 
atmosphere. 

The school occupies a conspicuous site on the banks 
of the Delaware River, comprising 225 acres of good 
farm land. The physical equipment of the school 
consists of an administration building, a girls' dormi- 
tory, a boys' dormitory and Infirmary, a laundry and 
carpenter shop, a printing office and a group of farm 
buildings. 

Approximately one hundred students are enrolled, 
this number exhausting the facilities for accommoda- 
tion. 

Tuition Is free and a nominal charge is made for 
board, washing, medical attendance and registration. 

In 1912 the Legislature appropriated $20,000 for a 
new dormitory. 



104 STATE REFORMATORY FOR WOMEN. 

STATE REFORMATORY FOR WOMEN 

at Clinton. 

The Reformatory is located on a farm of 346 acres, 
one and one-half miles from Clinton. It was dedicated 
on May 26th, 1913. 

There are five buildings in use at this institution, as 
follows: 1, Fielder Cottage, old farmhouse, enlarged to 
accommodate 25 to 30 women; 2, Homestead Cottage, 
accommodates 10 to 12 women; 3, Stowe Cottage for 
colored, accommodates 27 to 30 women; 4, Cottage for 
help, accommodates utility man and family; 5, Chapel 
of Good Shepherd, used as chapel and school. Nos. 1 
and 2 are old farm buildings; No. 2 used to be used 
by the utility man and family. The third old farm 
house is so in bad repair that it cannot be used either 
for inmates or officers. It is used to store farm equip- 
ment in during the winter. 

Officers: Fielder Cottage — 2, teacher, nurse; Home- 
stead Cottage — 3, superintendent, farm manager, parole 
officer and psychologist; Cottage for Help — 2, utility 
man, farm laborer; Stowe Cottage — 4, colored matron, 
colored teaclier, dietitian, bookkeeper. The last two 
officers simply live in Stowe Cottage; they do no work 
there. 

Superintendent, Miss May Caughey 

STATE COLONY FOR FEEBL,E-3IINDED 3IAL,ES. 

New Lisbon. 

This institution was taken over by the State on July 
1st, 1916, it having been under the direction of the 
Training School at Vineland up to that time. It has 
at present 45 boys. A new building is in process of 
construction which will accommodate 50 more boys 
at a cost of about $12,500. and a similar amount was 
appropriated for salaries by the Legislature of 1917. 
J. Franli Macomber is the superintendent. 



El ECTORAI. VOTE OF NEW JERSEY. 10^ 

ELECTORAL VOTE OF NEW JERSEY. 



FOR PRESIDENT AND VICE-PRESIDENT, FROM 
MARCH 4, 1789. 

1789— Georg-e Washington, of Virginia 6 

John Adams, of Massachusetts 1 

John Jay, of New York 5 

1793— George Washington, of Virginia 7 

John Adams, of Massachusetts 7 

1797— John Adams, of Massachusetts 7 

Thomas Pinckney, of South Carolina 7 

1801— John Adams, of Massachusetts 7 

C. C. Pinckney, of South Carolina 7 

1805 — Thomas Jefferson, of Virginia 8 

George Clinton, of New York 8 

1809— James Madison, of Virginia 8 

George Clinton, of New York 8 

1813— DeWitt Clinton, of New York 8 

Jarard Ingersoll, of Pennsylvania 8 

1817— James Monroe, of Virginia 8 

Daniel D. Tompkins, of New York 8 

1821— James Monroe, of Virginia — 8 

Daniel D. Tompkins, of Nev/ York 8 

1825— Andrew Jackson, of Tennessee 8 

John C. Calhoun, of South Carolina 8 

1829— John Q, Adams, of Massachusetts 8 

Richard Rush, of Pennsylvania 8 

1833— Andrew Jackson, of Tennessee 8 

Martin Van Buren, of New York 8 

1837— William H. Harrison, of Ohio 8 

Francis Granger, of New York 8 

1841— William H. Harrison, of Ohio 8 

John Tyler, of Virginia 8 

1845— Henry Clay, of Kentucky 7 

Theodore Frelinghuysen, of New Jersey 7 

1849— Zachary Taylor, of Louisiana 7 

Millard Fillmore, of Nev/ York 7 

1853— Franklin Pierce, of New Hampshire 7 

William R. King, of Alabama 7 

1857— James Buchanan, of Pennsylvania 7 

John C. Breckinridge, of Keptueky 7 



106 NEW JERSEY PRESIDENTIAL, VOTE. 

1861 — Abraham Lincoln, of Illinois 4 

Hannibal Hamlin, of Maine 4 

Stephen A. Douglas, of Illinois 3 

Hercliel V. Jolinson, of Georgia 3 

1865 — George B, McClellan, of New Jersey 7 

George H. Pendleton, of Ohio 7 

1869 — Horatio Seymour, of New York 7 

Francis P. Blair, of Missouri 7 

1873 — Ulysses S. Grant, of Illinois 7 

Henry Wilson, of Massachusetts 7 

1877 — Samuel J. Tilden, of New York 9 

Thomas A. Hendricks, of Indiana 9 

1881 — Winfield Scott Hancock, of Pennsylvania.... 9 

William H. English, of Indiana 9 

1885 — Grover Cleveland, of New York 9 

Thomas A. Hendricks, of Indiana 9 

1889— Grover Cleveland, of New York 9 

Allan G. Thurman, of Ohio 9 

1893 — Grover Cleveland, of New York 10 

Adlai E. Stevenson, of Illinois 10 

1897 — William McKinley, of Ohio 10 

Garret A. Hobart, of New Jersey 10 

1901 — William McKinley, of Ohio 10 

Theodore Roosevelt, of New York 10 

1905 — Theodore Roosevelt, of New York 12 

Charles W. Fairbanks, of Indiana 12 

1909 — William Howard Taft, of Ohio 12 

James S. Sherman, of New York li: 

1913 — Woodrow Wilson, of New Jersey 14 

Thomas R. Marshall, of Indiana 14 

1917 — Charles Evans Hughes, of New York 14 

Charles W. Fairbanks, of Indiana 14 



PRESIDENTIAL VOTE OF NEW JERSEY FR03I 1840 
TO DATE. 

1840 — Harrison, Whig, 33,351; Van Buren, Dem., 
31,034. Harrison's majority, 2,327. 

1844— Clay, Whig, 38,318; Polk, Dem., 37,495. Clay's 
majority, 823. 

1848— Taylor, Whig, 40,015; Cass, Dem., 36,901; Van 
Buren, 819. Taylor's plurality, 3,114. 

1852 — Pierce, Dem., 44,305; Scott, Whig, 38,556; Hale, 
Free Soil, 350. Pierce's plurality, 5,749. 

1856 — Buchanan, Dem., 46,943; Fremont, Rep., 28,338; 
Fillmore, Amer., 24,115. Buchanan's plurality, 18,605. 

I860 — Dem. Fusion ticket, 62,869; Lincoln, Rep., 58,- 
346, Fusion majority, 4,523. (Three Douglas electors, 
Cook, Parker and Runyon, were chosen, the highest 
vote being 62,869 for Cook, and four Lincoln electors 
\vere chosen, Hornblower, Brown, Elmer and Ivins, the 



NEW JERSEY GUBERNATORIAL VOTE. 107 

highest vote being- 58,346 for Hornblower. The highest 
vote cast for a. Breckinridge elector (Wurts) was 
56,237.) 

1864 — McClellan, Dem., 68,024; Lincoln, Rep., 60,723. 
McClellan's majority, 7,301. 

1868— Seymour, Dem., 83,001; Grant, Rep., 80,131. 
Seymour's majority, 2,870. 

1872— Grant, Rep., 91,656; Greeley, Dem., 76,456. 
Grant's majority, 15,200. 

187G— Tilden, Dem., 115,962; Hayes, Rep., 103,517. 
Tilden's majority, 12,445. 

1880 — Hancock, Dem., 122,565; Garfield, Rep., 120,555. 
Hancock's majority, 2,010. 

1884— Cleveland, Dem., 127,784; Blaine, Rep., 123,433. 
Cleveland's majority, 4,351. 

1888 — Cleveland, Dem., 151,493; Harrison, Rep., 144,- 
344; Fisk, Pro., 7,904. Cleveland's plurality, 7,149. 

1892 — Cleveland, Dem., 171,066; Harrison, Rep., 156,- 
101; Bidwell, Pro., 8,134; Wing, Social-Lab., 1,337; 
Weaver, People's, 985. Cleveland's plurality, 14,965. 

1896— McKinley, Rep., 221,367; Bryan, Dem., 133,675; 
Palmer, Nat. Dem., 6,373; Levering, Pro., 5,614; Mat- 
chett, Soc.-Lab., 3,985. McKinley's plurality, 87,692. 

1900 — McKinley, Rep., 221,707; Bryan, Dem., 164,808; 
Wooley, Pro., 7,183; Debs, Soc.-Dem., 4,609; Malloney, 
Soc.-Lab., 2,074; Barker, People's, 669. McKinley's 
plurality, 56,899. 

1904 — Roosevelt, Rep., 245,164; Parker, Dem., 164,- 
566; Swallow, Pro., 6,845; Debs, Socialist, 9,587; Cor- 
rigan, Soc.-Lab., 2,680; Watson, People's Dem., 3,705. 
Roosevelt's plurality, 80,598. 

1908 — Taft, Rep., 265,298; Bryan, Dem.. 182,522; Debs, 
Soc, 10,249; Chafin, Pro., 4,930; Gillhaus, Soc.-Lab., 
1,196; Hisgen, Ind., 2,916. Taft's plurality, 82,776. 

1912-^Wilson, Dem., 178,289; Roosevelt, Prog., 145,- 
410; Taft, Rep., 88,835; Debs, Soc, 15,901; Chafin, Pro., 
2,871; Reimer, Soc.-Lab., 1,321. Wilson's plurality, 
32,879. 

1916 — Hughes, Rep., 268,982; Wilson, Dem., 211,018; 
Hanley, Pro., 3,182; Benson, Soc, 10,405; Reimer, Soc.- 
Lab., 855. Hughes' plurality, 57,964. 



NEW JERSEY'S VOTE FOR GOVERNOR 

From 1844 to Date. 

1844 — Stratton, Whig, 37,949; Thomson, Dem., 36,591; 
Parkhurst, 76. Whig plurality, 1,358. 

1847 — Haines, Dem.. 34,765; Wright, Whig, 32,166; 
William Right, 87; Moses Jaques, 146; Scattering, 109. 
Democratic plurality, 2,599. 

1850 — Fort, Dem.. 39,723; Runk, Whig, 34,054. Demo- 
cratic majority, 5,669. 



108 NEW JERSEY GUBERNATORIAL VOTE. 

1853— Price. Dem., 38.312; Haywood, Whig, 34,530. 
Democratic majority, 3,78:i. 

1856 — Newell. Rep., 50,903; Alexander, Dem., 48,246. 
Republican majority, 2,657. 

1859 — Olden, Rep., 53,315; Wright, Dem.. 51,714. Re- 
publican majority. 1,601. 

1862 — Parker, Dem., 61,307; Ward, Rep., 46,710. 
Democratic majority, 14,597. 

1865— Ward, Rep., 67.525; Runyon, Dem., 64,736. Re- 
publican majority, 2,789. 

1868 — Randolph, Dem., 83,619; Blair. Rep., 79,072. 
Democratic majority, 4,547. 

1871 — Parker, Dem., 82,362; Walsh, Rep.. 76,383. 
Democratic majority, 5,979. 

1874— Bedle, Dem., 97,283; Halsey, Rep., 84,050. 
Democratic majority, 13,233. 

1877 — McClellan, Dem.. 97,837; Newell. Rep., 85.094; 
Hoxsey, Greenback, 5,069; Bingham, Tax and Pro., 
1,439. Democratic plurality, 12,746, 

1880— Ludlow, Dem., 121,666; Potts, Rep., 121,015; 
Hoxsey. Greenback, 2,759; Ransom, Pro., 195. Demo- 
cratic plurality, 651. 

1883 — Abbett, Dem., 103,856; Dixon, Rep., 97,047; 
Urner, Nat., 2,960; Parsons, Pro., 4,153. Democratic 
plurality, 6,809. 

1886— Green, Dem.. 109,939; Howey, Rep.. 101,919 
Fiske. Pro.. 19,808. Democratic plurality. 8,020. 

1889 — Abbett, Dem., 138,245; Grubb, Rep., 123,992 
La Monte, Pro., 6,853, Democratic plurality, 14,253. 

1892— Werts, Dem., 167,257; Kean. Jr., Rep., 159,362 
Kennedy, Pro., 7,750; Keim, Soc.-Lab.. 1,338; Bird 
People's, 894. Democratic plurality, 7,625. 

1895_Griggs, Rep., 162,900; McGill, Dem., 136,000 
Wilbur, Pro., 6,661; Ellis, People's 1,901; Keim, Soc. 
Lab., 4,147. Republican plurality. 26,900. 

1898 — Voorhees, Rep., 164,051; Crane, Dem,, 158,552 
Landon, Pro., 6,893; Maguire, Soc.-Lab.. 5,458; Schray- 
shuen. People's, 491, Republican plurality, 5,499. 

1901 — Murphy, Rep., 183,814; Seymour, Dem., 166,681; 
Brown, Pro., 5,365; Vail, Soc. 3,489; Wilson, Soc.-Lab., 
1,918. Republican plurality. 17,133. 

1904 — Stokes, Rep., 231,363; Black, Dem., 179,719; 
Parker Pro., 6,687; Kearns, Soc. 8,858; Herrschaft, 
Soc.-Lab., 2,526; Honnecker, People's Dem., 3,285. Re- 
publican plurality, 51,644. 

1907 — Fort, Rep., 194.313; Katzenbach, Dem.. 186,- 
300; Mason, Pro., 5,255; Kraft, Soc, 6,848; Butter- 
worth, Soc.-Lab., 1,568. Republican plurality, 8,013. 

1910 — Wilson, Dem. 233,682; Lewis, Rep., 184,626; 
Killingbeck, Soc, 10,134; Repp, Pro., 2.818; Butter- 
worth, Soc.-Lab., 2,032. Democratic plurality, 49,056. 

1913— Fielder, Dem., 173,148; Stokes, Rep.. 140.298; 
Colby Prog., Roosevelt. 41,132; Reilly, Soc, 13,977; 
Mason Pro., 3,427; Butterworth, Soc.-Lab.. 2,460; 
Dwyer, Ind., 875. Democratic plurality, 32,850. 

1916 — Edge, Rep., 247,343; Wittpenn, Dem., 177,696; 
Vaughan, Pro., 5,873; Krafft, Soc, 12,900; Butterworth, 
Soc.-Lab., 2,334. Republican plurality, 69,647. 



NEW JERSEY. CONGRESSMEN. 109 



CONTINENTAL CONGRESS. 

1774-5, James Kinsej-; 1774-6, John Cooper, Stephen 
Crane, *John De Hart, Francis Hopkinson, William 
Living-ston, Richard Smith, Richard Stockton; 1776-7, 
Jonathan D. Serg-eant; 1776-8, Abraham Clark, Jona- 
than Elmer; 1776-9, John Witherspoon; 1777-8, Elias 
Boudinot; 1777-9, Nathaniel Scudder; 1778-9, Frederick 
Freling-hujsen, Elias Dayton; 1778, John Neilson; 
1778-80, John Fell; 1779, Thomas Henderson; 1779-81, 
William Ch. Houston; 1780-1, William Burnett, Wil- 
liam Paterson; 1780-3, Abraham Clark; 1780-2, John 
Witherspoon; 1781-3, William Paterson; 1782-3, Fred- 
erick Frelinghuysen; 1781-4, Silas Condict, Jonathan 
Elmer; 1783-5, John Beatty, Samuel Dick; 17S3-4, John 
Stevens, Sr.; 1784-5, Charles Stewart, William Ch. 
Houston; 1784-7, Lambert Cadwalader; 1785-6, John 
Cleaves Symmes, Josiah Hornblower; 1786-7, James 
Schureman; 1786-8, Abraham Clark; 1787, William 
Paterson; 1787-8, Jonathan Elmer; 1787-9, Jonathan 
Dayton. 



•Resigned ; \\^s succeeded by John Hart. 



NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 

FROM 1789 TO DATE. 

I. 1789-91— Elias Boudinot, Burlington; Lambert Cadwal- 
ader, Hunterdon; James Schureman, Middlesex; Thomas 
Sinnickson, Salem. 

II. 1791-3— Elias Boudinot, Burlington; Abraham Clark, 
Essex; Jonathan Dayton, Essex; Aaron Kitchell, Morris; 
James Schureman, Middlesex. 

III. 1793-5— John Beatty, Hunterdon; Elias Boudinot. 
Burlington; Lambert Cadwalader, Hunterdon; Jonathan 
Dayton, Essex; Abraham Clark, Essex (died 1794); Aaron 
Kitchell, Morris (to fill vacancy), 

IV. 1795-7— Jonathan Daj^ton (Speaker), Essex; Thomas 
Henderson, Monmouth; Aaron Kitchell, Essex; Isaac 
Smith, Hunterdon; Mark Thompson, Sussex. 

V. 1797-9— Jonathan Dayton (Speaker), Essex; James H. 
Imlay, Monmouth; James Schureman, Middlesex; Thomas 
Sinnickson, Salem; Mark Thompson, Sussex. 

VI. 1799-1801— John Condit, Essex; Franklin Davenport, 
Gloucester; Samuel H. Imlay, Monmouth; Aaron Kitchell, 
Morris; James Linn, Somerset. 



110 NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 

VII. 1801-3— John Condit, Essex; Ebenezer Elmer, Cum- 
berland; William Helms, Sussex; James Mott, Burlington; 
Henry Southard, Somerset. 

VIII. 1803-5— Ebenezer Elm.er, Cumberland; William 
Helms, Sussex; James Mott, Burlington; James Sloan, 
Gloucester; Henry Southard, Somerset; Adam Boyd, Ber- 
gen. 

IX. 1805-7— Ebenezer Elmer, Cumberland; William 
Helms, Sussex; John Lambert, Hunterdon; James Sloan, 
Gloucester; Henry Southard, Somerset; Ezra Darby, 
Essex. 

X. 1807-9— William Helms, Sussex; John Lambert, Hun- 
terdon; Thomas Newbold, Burlington; James Sloan, Glou- 
cester; Henry Southard, Somerset; Ezra Darby, Essex 
(until 1808) ; Adam Boyd, Bergen (from 1S08-9). 

XI. 1809-11— James Cox, Monmouth (until 1810); William 
Helms, Sussex; Jacob Hufty, Cumberland; Thomas New- 
bold, Burlington; Henry Southard, Somerset; Adam Boyd, 
Bergen. 

XII. 1811-13- Adam Boyd, Bergen; Lewis Condict, Mor- 
ris; Jacob Hufty, Cumberland; George C. Maxwell, Hun- 
terdon; James Morgan, Middlesex; Thoma^ Newbold, Bur- 
lington. 

XIII. 1813-15— Lewis Condict, Morris; William Cox, Bur- 
lington; Richard Stockton, Somerset; Thomas Ward, Es- 
sex; James Schureman, Middlesex; Jacob Hufty, Cumber- 
land (until 1814); Thomas Binns, Essex (1814-15). 

XIV. 1815-17 — Ezra Baker, Gloucester; Ephraim 
Bateman, Cumberland; Benjamin Bennett, Monmouth; 
Lewis Condict. Morris; Henry Southard, Somerset; 
Thomas Ward, Essex. 

XV. 1817-19 — Ephraim Bateman, Cumberland; Ben- 
jamin Bennett, Monmouth; Joseph Bloomfield, Bur- 
lington; Charles Kinsey, Essex; John Linn, Sussex; 
Henry Southard, Somerset. 

XVI. 1819-21— Ephraim Bateman, Cumberland; Joseph 
Bloomfield, Burlington; John Linn, Sussex; Barnard Smith, 
Middlesex; Henry Southard, Somerset; John Condit, Essex 
(until 1820); Thomas Binns, Essex (1820-1). 

Xyn. 1821-3— George Cassady, Bergen; Lewis Condict, 
Morris; G. E. Holcombe, Monmouth; James Matlack, 
Gloucester; Ephraim Bateman, Cumberland, Samuel 
Swan, Somerset. 

XVIII. 1823-5— George Cassady, Bergen; Daniel Garrison, 
Salem; G. E. Holcombe, Monmouth; James Matlack, Glou- 
cester; Lewis Condict, Morris; Samuel Swan, Somerset. 



NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. Ill 

XIX. 1825-7-Oeor^ Oassa<ty. Bergen; Ijewis Condlct, 
Morris; Daniel Garrison, Salem; Q. El. Holcombe, Mon- 
mouth; Samuel Swan, Somerset; Ebenezer I'ucker, Bur- 
lington. 

XX- 181j<-9— Lewis Condlct, Essex; Isaac Plerson. Essex; 
Samuel Swan, Somerset; Ebenezer Tucker, Burlington; 
George E. Holcombe, Monmouth (until 1828); Hedge 
Thompson, Salem (until 1S28); James Fitz Randolph, Mid- 
dlesex (1S28-9); Thomas Sinnlckson, Salem (1828-9). 

XXI. 1829-21~Richard M. Cooper, Gloucester, Lewis Con- 
diet, Morris; Thomas H. Hughes, Cape May; Isaac Pier- 
son, Essex; James Fitz Randolph, Middlesex; Samuel 
Swan, Somerset. 

XXIL 1831-3— Lewis Condict, Morris; Richard M. Cooper, 
Gloucester; Thomas H. Hughes, Cape May; James Fitz 
Randolph, Middlesex; Isaac Southard, Somerset; Silas 
Condit, Essex. 

XXIIL lS33-5-Phlleraon DIckerson (D.), Essex; Samuel 
Fowler (D.), Sussex; Thomas Lee (D.). Cumberland; 
James Parker (D.), Middlesex; Ferdinand S. Schenck (D.). 
Somerset; William N. Shinn (D.), Burlington. 

XXIV. 1835-7— Philemon Dickerson (D.), Passaic (re- 
signed and elected Governor); Samuel P'owler (D.), Sus« 
sex; Thomas Lee (D.), Cumberland; James Parker (D.;, 
Middlesex; Ferdinand S. Schenck (D.), Somerset; William 
N. Shinn (D.), Burlington; William Chetwood (D.), Essex 
(vacancy 1836-7). 

XXV. 1837-9— John B. Aycrigg (W.), Bergen; William 
Halstead (W.), Mercer; John P. B. Maxwell (W.), Warren; 
Joseph F. Randolph (W.), Monmouth; Charles C. Stratton 
(W.), Gloucester; Thomas Jones York (W.), Salem. 

XXVL 1839-41— William B, Cooper (D.), Gloucester; 
Philemon Dickerson (D.), Passaic; Joseph P. Randolph 
(Vr.), Monmouth; Daniel B. Ryall (D.), Monmouth; Joseph 
Kille (D.), Salem; Peter D. Vroom (D.), Somerset. 

XXVII. 1811-3— John B. Aycrigg (W.), Bergen; William 
Halstead (W.), Mercer; John P. B. Maxwel' C ,V.), Warren; 
Joseph F. Randolph (W.). Monmouth; Charles C. Stratton 
(W.), Gloucester; Thomas Jones Yorke (W ). Salem. 

XXVIIL 1843-5— Lucius Q. C. Elmer (D-h Cumberland; 
George Sykes (D.), Burlington; Littleton Kirkpatrick (D.), 
Middlesex; Isaac G. Farlee CD.), Hunterdoa; William 
Wright (W.). Essex. 

"SXIT'- 1S45-7— James G. Hampton (W.). Cumberland . 
Samuel G. Wright (W.) (died 1845), Monmouth; George 
Sykes (D=), (vacancy), Burlington; John Runk (W.), Hun- 



112 NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 

terdon; Joseph E. Edsall (D.), Sussex; William Wright 
(W.), Essex. 

XXX. 1847-9 — James G. Hampton (W.), Cumber- 
land; William A. Newell (W.), Monmouth; John Van 
Dyke (W.), Middlesex; Joseph E. Edsall (D.), Sussex; 
Dudley S. Gregory (W.), Hudson. 

XXXI. 1849-51— Andrew K. Hay (W.), CamVJen; 
William A. Newell (W.), Monmouth; John Van Dyke 
(W.), Middlesex; Isaac Wildrick (D.), Warren; James 
G. King (W.). Hudson. 

XXXII. 1851-3— Nathan T. Stratton (D.), Glouces- 
ter; Charles Skelton (D.), Mercer; George H. Brown 
(W.j, Somerset; Isaac Wildrick (D), Warren; Rodman 
M. Price (D.), Essex. 

XXXIII. 1853-5— Nathan T. Stratton (D.), Glouces- 
ter; Charles Skelton (D.), Mercer; Samuel Lilly (D.). 
Hunterdon; George Vail (D.), Morris; A. C. M. Penn- 
ington (W.), Essex. 

XXXIV. 1855-7 — Isaiah D. Clawson (R.), Salem; 
George R. Robbins (R.), Mercer; James Bishop (N. A.), 
Middlesex; George Vail (.D.), Morris; A. C. M. Penning- 
ton (R.), Essex. 

XXXV. 1857-9— Isaiah D. Clawson (R.), Salem; 
George R. Robbins (R.), Mercer; Garret B. Adrain (D.), 
Middlesex; John Huyler (D.), Bergen; Jacob R. Wor- 
tendyke (D.), Hudson. 

XXXVI. 1859-61 — John T. Nixon (R.), Cumberland; 
John L. N. Stratton (R.), Burlington; Garret B. Adrain 
(D.), Middlesex; Jetur R. Riggs (D.), Passaic; William 
Pennington (R.) (Speaker), Essex. 

XXXVII. 1861-3 — John T. Nixon ^R.), Cumberland; 
John L. N. Stratton (R.), Burlington; V/illiam G. Steele, 
(D.), Somerset; George T. Cobb (D.), Morris; Nehemiah 
Perry (D.), Essex. 

XXXVIII. 1863-5— John F. Starr (R.), Camden; 
George Middleton (D.), Monmouth; William G. Steele 
(D.), Somerset; Andrew J. Rogers (D.), Sussex; Nehe- 
miah Perry (D.), Essex. 

XXXIX. 1865-7— John F. Starr (R.), Camden; Will- 
iam A. Newell (R.). Monmouth; Charles Sitgreaves 
(D.), Warren; Andrew J. Rogers (D.). Sussex; Ed. R. 
V. Wright (D.), Hudson. 

XL. 1867-9 — William Moore vR), Atlantic; Charles 
Halght (D.), Monmouth; Charles Sitgreaves (D.), War- 
ren; John Hill (R), Morris; George A. Halsey (R.), 
Lissex. 

XLL 1869-71— William Moora (R.), Atlantic; Charles 



NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 113 

Halght (D.), Monmouth; John T. Bird (D.), Hunterdon; 
John Hill (R.), Morris; Orestes Cleveland (D.), Hudson. 

XLH. 1871-3— John W. Hazleton (R.), Gloucester; Sam'l 
C. Forker (D.), Burlington; John T. Bird (D.), Hunterdon; 
John Hill (R.), Morris; George A. Halsey (R.), Essex. 

XLIII. 1873-5— John W. Hazleton (R.), Gloucester; Sam- 
uel A. Dobbins (R.), Burlington; Amos Clark, Jr. (R.), 
Union; Robert Hamilton (D.), Sussex; William AValter 
Phelps (R.), Bergen; Marcus L. Ward (R.), Essex; Isaac 
W. Scudder (R.), Hudson. 

XLIV. 1875-7— Clement H. Sinnickson (R.), Salem; Sam- 
uel A. Dobbins (R.), Burlington; Miles Ross (D.), Middle- 
sex; Robert Hamilton (D.), Sussex; Augustus W. Cutler 
(D.), Morris; Frederick H. Teese (D.), Essex; Augustus A. 
Hardenbergh (D.), Hudson. 

XLV. 1S77-9— Clement H. Sinnickson (R.), Salem; J. 
Howard Pugh (R.), Burlington; Miles Ross (D.), Middle- 
sex; Alvah A. Clark (D.), Somerset; Augustus W. Cutler 
(D.), Morris; Thomas B. Peddie (R.), Essex; Augustus A. 
Hardenbergh (D.), Hudson. 

XLVI. 1879-81- George M. Robeson (R.), Camden; Heze- 
kiah B. Smith (D.), Burlington; Miles Ross (D.). Middle- 
sex; Alvah A. Clark (D.), Somerset; Charles H. Voorhis 
(R.), Bergen; John L. Blake (R.), Essex; Lewis A. Brigham 
(R.), Hudson. 

XLVII. 1881-3— George M. Robeson (R.), Camden; John 
Hart Brewer (R.), Mercer; Miles Ross (D.), Middlesex; 
Henry S. Harris (D.), Warren; John Hill (R.), Mortxs; 
Phineas Jones (R.), Essex; Augustus A. Hardenbergh (D.>, 
Hudson. 

XLV HI. 1883-&-Thomas M. Ferrell (D.), Gloucester; 
John Hart Brewer (R.), Mercer; John Kean, Jr. (R.), 
Union; Benjamin F. Hov/ey (R.), Warren; William Walter 
Phelps (R.), Bergen; William H. F. Fiedler iD.), Essex; 
William McAdoo (D.), Hudson. 

XLIX. 1885-7— George Hires (R.), Salem; James Bu- 
chanan (R.), Mercer; Robei't S. Green (D.), Union; James 
N. Pidcock (D.), Hunterdon; William Walter Phelps (R.), 
Bergen; Herman Lehlbach (R.), Essex; William McAdoo 
(D.), Hudson. 

L. 1837-9— George Hires (R.), Salem; James Buchanan 
(R.), Mercer; John Kean, Jr. (R.), Union; James N. Pid- 
cock (D.), Hunterdon; William Walter Phelps (R.), Ber- 
gen; Herman Lehlbach (RJ, Essex; William McAdoo (D.), 
Hudson. 

LL 1889-91— Christopher A. Bergen (R.), Camden; James 



114 NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 

Buchanan (R.), Mercer; Jacob A. Geisaenhalner (D.), 
Monmouth; Samuel Fowler (D.), Sussex; Charles D. 
Beckwlth (R.), Passaic; Herman Lehlbach (R.), Essex; 
William McAdoo (D.), Hudson. 

LII. 1891-3— C. A. Bergen (R.), Camden; James 
Buchanan (R.), Mercer; J. A. Geissenhainer (D.), Mon- 
mouth; Samuel Fowler (D.), Sussex; C. A. Cadmus 
(D.), Passaic; T. D. English (D.), Essex; •E. F. Mc- 
Donald (D.), Hudson. 

LIII. 1893-5— Henry C. Loudenslager (R.), Glouces- 
ter; John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; J. A. Geissenhainer 
(D.), Monmouth; Johnston Cornish (D.), Warren; C. A. 
Cadmus (D.), Passaic; T. D. English (D.), Essex; 
George B. Fielder (D.), Hudson; John T. Dunn (D.), 
Union. 

LIV. 1895-7 — Henry C. Loudenslager (R.), Glouces- 
ter; John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Benjamin F. How- 
ell (R.), Middlesex; Mahlon Pitney (R.), Morris; James 
T. Stewart (R.), Passaic; R. Wayne Parker (R.), Es- 
sex; Thomas McEwan (R.), Hudson; Charles N. Fow- 
ler (R.), Union. 

L.V. 1897-9 — Henry C. Loudenslager (R.), Glouces- 
ter; John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Benjamin F. How- 
ell (R.), Middlesex; Mahlon Pitney (R.), Morris; James 
T. Stewart (R.), Passaic; R. Wayne Parker (R.), Es- 
sex; Thomas McEwan (R.), Hudson; Charles N. Fow- 
ler (R.), Union. 

LVL 1899 — 1901 — Henry C. Loudenslager (R.), Glou- 
cester; John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Benjamin F. 
Howell (R.), Middlesex; Joshua S. Salmon (D.), Morris; 
James T. Stewart (R.), Passaic; R. Wayne Parker 
(R.), Essex; tWilliam D. Daly (D), Hudson; Charles N. 
Fowler (R.), Union. 

LVII. 1901-3— Henry C. Loudenslager (R.), Glou- 
cester; John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Benjamin F. 
Howell (R.), Middlesex; tJoshua S. Salmon (D.), Mor- 
ris; James T. Stewart (R.), Passaic; R. Wayne Parker 



•Mr. McDonald died November 5th, 1892, and he was suc- 
ceeded by George B. Fielder. 

tMr. Daly died after the first session of this Congress, 
and Allan L, McDermott was elected to fill the unexpired 
term, 

JMr. Salmon died during the first session of this Con- 
gress, and DeWitt C. Flanagan (D.), was elected to fill 
the vacancy. 



NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 115 

(R.), Essex; Allan L. McDermott (D.), Hudson; Charles 
N. Fowler (R.). Union. 

LVIII. 1903-5— Henry C. Loudenslager (R.), Glou- 
cester; John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Benjamin F. 
Howell (R.), Middlesex; •William AL Lannlng (R.), 
Mercer; Charles N. Fowler (R.), Union; William 
Hughes (D.), Passaic; Richard Wayne Parker (R.), 
Essex; William H. Wiley (R.). Essex; Allan Benny 
(D.), Hudson; Allan L. McDermott (D.), Hudson. 

LIX. 1905-7 — Henry C. Loudenslager (R.), Glou- 
cester; John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Benjamin F. 
Howell (R.), Middlesex; Ira W. Wood (R.), Mercer; 
Charles N. Fowler (R.), Union; Henry C. Allen (R.), 
Passaic; Richard Wayne Parker (R.), Essex; William 
H. Wiley (R.), Essex; Marshall Van Winkle (R.), Hud- 
son; Allan L. McDermott (D.), Hudson. 

KX. 1907-9 — Henry C. Loudenslager (R.), Glouces- 
ter; John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Benjamin F. How- 
ell (R.), Middlesex; Ira W. Wood (R.), Mercer; Charles 
N. Fowler (R.), Union; William Hughes (D.), Passaic; 
R. Wayne Parker (R.), Essex; LeGage Pratt (D.), 
Essex; Eugene W. Leake (D.), Hudson; James A. 
Hamill (D.), Hudson. 

L.XI. 1909-11 — Henry C. Loudenslager (R.), Glou- 
cester; John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Benjamin F. 
Howell (R.), Middlesex; Ira W. Wood (R.), Mercer; 
Charles N. Fowler (R.), Union; William Hughes (D.), 
Passaic; R. Wayne Parker (R.), Essex; William H. 
Wiley (R.), Essex; Eugene F. Kinkead (D.), Hudson; 
James A. Hamill (D.), Hudson. 

LXH. 1911-13— tWilliam J. Browning, (R.), Camden; 
John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Thomas J. Scully (D.), 
Middlesex; Ira W. Wood (R.), Mercer; William E. 
Tuttle, Jr. (D.), Union; »*William Hughes (D.), Pas- 
saic; Edward W. Townsend (D.), Essex; Walter I. Mc- 
Coy (D.), Essex; Eugene F. Kinkead (D.), Hudson; 
James A. Hamill (D.), Hudson. 

•Mr. Lannlng resigned after the first session of this 
Congress, and Ira W. Wood (R.), was elected tc the 
vacancy. 

tMr. Browning succeeds Henry C. Loudenslager, who 
died August 12th, 1911. 

♦•Mr. Hughes resigned in September, 1912, and Mr. 
Archibald C. Hart (D.), Bergen, was elected to the 
vacancy. 



116 NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 

LXIII. 1913-15— William J. Browning (R.), Camden; 
J. Thompson Baker (D.), Cape May; Thomas J. Scully 
(D.), Middlesex; Allan B. Walsh (D.), Mercer; William 
E. Tuttle, Jr. (D.), Union; ***ArchibPld C. Hart (D), 
Bergen; ^Robert G. Bremmer (D.), Passaic; ^Eugene F. 
Kinkead (D.), Hudson; swalter I. McCoy (D.), Essex; 
Edward W. Townsend (D.), Essex; John J. Eagan 
(D.), Hudson; James A. Hamill (D.). Hudson. 

LXIV. 1915-17— William J. Browning (R.), Camden; 
Isaac Bacharach (R.), Atlantic; Thomas J. Scully 
(D.), Middlesex; Elijah C. Hutchinson (R.), Trenton; 
John H. Capstick (R.), Morris; Archibald C. Hart (D.), 
Bergen; Dow H. Drukker (R.), Passaic; Edward W. 
Gray (R.), Essex; R. Wayne Parker (R.), Essex; 
Frederick R. Lehlbach (R.), Essex; John J. Eagan 
(D.), Hudson; James A. Hamill (D.), Hudson. 
^LXV. 1917-19 — William J. Browning (R.), Camden; 
Isaac Bacharach (R.), Atlantic; Thomas J. Scully (D.), 
Middlesex; Elijah C. Hutchinson (R.), Mercer; *John H. 
Capstick (R.), Morris; John R. Ramsey (R.), Bergen; 
Dow H. Drukker (R.), Passaic; Edward W. Gray (R.), 
Essex; Richard W. Parker (R.), Essex; Frederick R. 
Lehlbach (R.), Essex; John J. Eagan (D.), Hudson; 
James A, Hamill (D, ), Hudson. 

LXVI. 1919-21 — William J. Browning (R.), Camden; 
Isaac Bacharach (R.), Atlantic; Thomas J. Scully (D.), 
Middlesex; Elijah C. Hutchinson (R.), Mercer; Ernest 
R. Ackerman (R.), Union; John R. Ramsay (R.), Ber- 
gen; Amos H. Radcliffe (R.), Passaic; Cornelius A. 
McGlennon (D.), Hudson; Daniel F. Minahan (D.), 
Essex; Frederick R. Lehlbach (R.), Essex; John J. 
Eagan (D.), Hudson; James A. Hamill (D.), Hudson. 



♦♦♦Succeeded Lewis J. Martin (D.), who died May 5th, 
1913. 

iMr. Bremmer died February 5th, 1914, and was suc- 
ceeded by Dow H. Drukker (R.). 

2Mr. Kinkead was elected Sheriff of Hudson County, 
November 3d, 1914. 

3Mr. McCoy resigned October 2d, 1914, and was suc- 
ceeded for the short term by Richard Wayne Parker 
(R.). 

^Mr. Capstick died March 17th, 1918, and was suc- 
ceeded by William F. Birch for the short term in De- 
cember, 1918. 



THE JUDICIARY. 117 

THE JUDICIARY. 

(From 1704 to date.) 



CHANCELLOllS. 

(Term, seven years— Salary, $13,000.) 

1710, Andrew Hunter ; 1719, William Burnet ; 1728, John 
Montgomery ; 1731, Lewis Morris ; 1732, William Cosby ; 
1732, John Anderson ; 1732, John Hamilton ; 1738, Lewis 
Morris; 1740, John Hamilton; 1747, John Reading; 1747, 
Jonathan Belcher ; 1757, John Heading ; 1758, Francis Ber- 
nard ; 17G0, Thomas Boone; 1701, Josiah Hardy; 1762, 
William Franklin ; 1770, William Livingston ; 1790, Wil- 
liam raterson; 1793, Richard Howell; 1801, Joseph Bloom- 
field; 1802, John Lambert; ISOy, Joseph Bloomtield ; 1S12, 
Aaron Ogden ; 1813, William S. I'ennmgton ; 1815, Mah- 
lon Dickerson ; 1817, Isaac H. Williamson ; 1829, Garret 
D. Wall (declined); 1829, Peter U. Vroom ; 1832, Samuel 
L. Southard; 1833, Ellas P. Seely ; 1833, Peter D. Vroom; 
1836, Philemon Dickerson ; 1837, William Pennington ; 
1843, Daniel Haines; 1845, Oliver S. Halsted ; 1852, Ben- 
jamin Williamson; 1860, Henry W. Green; 1866, Abraham 
O. Zabriskie ; 1873, Theodore Itunyon ; 1887. Alexander T. 
McGill; 1900, William J. Magie ; 1908, Mahlon Pitney; 
1912, Edwin Robert Walker. 

VICE-CHANCELLORS. 

(Term, seven years — Salary, $12,000.) 

1871-'75, '81, Amzl Dodd ; 1875-'95, Abraham V. Vau 
Fleet; 1882-'96, John T. Bird; 1890-'96, Robert S. Green; 
1889-1907, Henry C. Pitney ; 1901, Eugene Stevenson ; 1904- 
'13, Lindley M. Garrison ; 1904-'07, James J. Bergen ; 1896- 
1906, Martin P. Grey; 1895-1015. John R. Emery; 1895- 
1904, Alfred Reed; 1896-1917, Frederic W. Stevens; 1906, 
Edmund B. Leaming ; 1907-'16. James E. Howell ; 1907-'12, 
Edwin R. Walker ; 1912, Vivian M. Lewis ; 1913, John 
Griffin, John H. Backes ; 1916, John E. Foster, Merritt Lane. 



CHIEF JUSTICES. 

(Term of office, seven years — Salary — $13,000.) 

1704, Roger Mompesson ; 1709, Thomas Gordon ; 1710, 
David Jamison ; 1723, William Trent ; 1724, Robert Lettlce 
Hooper; 1728, Thomas Farmer; 1738, Robert Hunter Mor- 



118 THE JUDICIARY. 

ris ; 175S, William Aynsley ; 1759, Robert Hunter Morris ; 
1764, Charles Read; 1764, Frederick Smytli ; 1776, Rlcliard 
Stockton (declined) ; 1776, John De Hart (declined) : 1777, 
Robert Morris ; 1779, David Brearley ; 1789, James Klnsey ; 
1803, Andrew Kirkpatrick ; 1824, Charles Ewlng ; 1832, 
Joseph C. Ilornblower ; 1846, Henry W. Green ; 1853, Peter 
D. Vroom (declined) ; 1853, Alexander Wmts (declined) ; 
1861, Edward W. Whelpley ; 1864, Mercer Bcasley ; 1897, 
William J. Magie ; 1900, David A. Depue ; 1901, William 
S. Gummere. 

ASSOCIATE JUSTICES OF THE SUPREME COURT. 

(Term of oflSce, seven years — Salary, $12,000 each.) 

1704, William Tinhome ; 1705, William Sandford ; 1705, 
Andrew Bowne ; 1706, Daniel Coxe ; 1708, Thomas Revel; 
1708, Daniel Leeds; 1710, Peter Sonmans ; 1710, Hugh 
Huddy ; 1711, Lewis Morris; 1711, Thomas Farmer; 1721, 
Peter Bard ; 1734, Daniel Coxe ; 1735, John Hamilton ; 
1739, Joseph Bonnel ; 1739, John Allen; 1748, Samuel Ne- 
vil; 1749, Charles Read; 1754, Richard Salter; 1764, John 
Berrien ; 1772. David Ogden ; 1774, Richard Stockton ; 

1776, Samuel Tucker; 1776, Francis Ilopkiuson (declined); 

1777, Isaac Smith; 1777, John Cleves Symmes ; 1788, John 
Chetwood ; 1797, Andrew Kirkpatrick; 1798, Elisha Boudi- 
not; 1804, William S. Pennington; 1804, William Rossell ; 
1813, Mahlon Dickerson ; 1815, Samuel L. Southard; 1820, 
Gabriel H. Ford ; 1826, George K. Drake ; 1834, Thomas C. 
Ryerson ; 1838, John Moore White ; 1838, William L. Day- 
ton ; 1838, James S. Nevius ; 1841, Daniel Elmer; 1841, 
Ira C. Whitehead; 1845, Thomas P. Carpenter; 1845, Joseph 
F. Randolph; 1845, James S. Nevius; 1848, Ellas B. D. Og- 
den; 1852, Lucius Q. C. Elmer; 1852, Stacy G. Potts; 1852, 
Daniel Haines ; 1855, Peter Vredenburgh ; 1855, Martin 
Ryerson ; 1855, Ellas B. D. Ogden ; 1858, Edward W. Whelp- 
ley ; 1859, Daniel Haines; 1859, William S. Clawson ; 1859, 
John Vandyke; 1861, George H. Brown; 1861, L. Q. C. El- 
mer ; 1862, Peter Vredenburgh ; 1862, L. Q. C. Elmer ; 1862, 
Ellas B. D. Ogden ; 1865, Joseph D. Bedle ; 1866, Vancleve 
Dalrimple ; 1866, George S. Woodhull ; 1S66. '73, '80, '87. 
'94 and 1900, David A. Depue; 1869, '76, '83, '90, '97 and 
1904, Bennet Van Syckel ; 1869, '76, '83 and '90, Edward W. 
Scudder; 1875, '82 and '89, Manning M. Knapp ; 1875, '82. 
'89, '96, 1903 and '06, Jonathan Dixon ; 1875 to '95, 1904 
to '11, Alfred Reed: 1880. '87 and '88, Joel Parker; 1880, 

"87 and "97, William J. Magie ; 18S8, '95, 1902 to . 

Charles G. Garrison : 1892. George T. Werts ; 1893 and 
1900, Job H. Lippincott; 1893 and 1895, Leon Abbett ; 1895 
and 1901, William S. Gummere ; 1895 to 1901, George C. 
Ludlow; 1897 to 1903, Gilbert Collins; 1900 to '07, John 
Franklin Fort ; 1900 and '07, Abram Q. Garretson ; 1901-'08, 
Charles E. Hendrickson ; 1901 and '08, Mahlon Pitney ; 1903 



THE JUDICIARY. 119 

to , Francis J. Swayze ; 1906, Thomas W. Trenchard ; 

1907, Charles W. Parker; 1907, James J. Bergen; 1908 
to '14, Willard P. Voorhees ; 1908, James F. MInturn ; 1911, 
Samuel Kalisch ; 1914, Charles C. Black. 



COURT OF ERRORS AND APPEALS— JUDGES. 

(Term, six years — Salary, Per Diem.) 

184o-'50, James Speer ; 1845, Joshua Brick; 1845-'49, 
Ferdinand S. Schenck ; 1848, James J. Spencer ; 1848-'50, 
Robert H. McCarter ; 1849-'50, Thomas SInnickson, Garret 
D. Wall ; 18oO-'G2, Joscpli L. Risley ; 1851-'66, John M. 
Cornellson; 1851-'56, Moses Mills; 1852-'54, Caleb H. Val- 
iutine ; 1852, Thomas Arrowsmith ; 1853-'56, John Iluyler,; 
1857-'C4, William N. Wood ; 1857-'G;^, Joshua Swain ; 1858- 
•G3, Joseph L. Combs ; 1860-'73, Robert S. Kennedy ; 1863- 
•66, George F. Fort; 1861-'81, Edmund L. B. Wales; 1864- 
'94, John Clement ; 1864-'71, George Vail ; 1866-'74. James 
L. Ogdon ; 1868-'74, Charles S. Olden ; 1871-'82, Francis 
J. Lathrop ; 1872-'85, Caleb S. Green ; 1873-'80, Samuel 
Lilly; 1872-'82, Amzi Dodd ; 1881-'91, Martin Cole; 1882- 
'93, Jonathan S. Whittaker ; 1885-'9G, Hendrick H. Brown ; 
1883, '84, William II. Kirk; 1883-'89, William Paterson ; 
1886-*90, John McGregor; 1890-'95, Abram C. Smith; 1891- 
1915, John W. Bogert; 1892-1903, Gotfried Krueger ; 1893, 
'94, William Walter Phelps; 1895, '96, Clifford Stanley 
Sims ; 1894, '95, Robert S. Green ; 1895, '96, George T. 
Smith; 1895, '96, Albert R. Tallman ; 1897-1900, James 
n. Nixon; 1897, William L. Dayton, John S. Barkalow; 
1897-1901, Charles E. Hcndrickson ; 1897-1910, William 
II. Vredenburg; 1898-1904. Frederic Adams; lO^l-'OS, 
Peter D. Voorhees; 1902-'13, G. D. W. Vroom ; 1904-'10, 
George R. Gray ; 1904-'09, Elmer Ewing Green ; 1906-'10, 
James B. Dill ; 1910-'14, Joseph W. Congdon ; 1911, Mark 
A. Sullivan ; 1911, John J. White ; 1912. '13, John J. Treacy ; 
1913, Henry S. Terhune, Ernest J. Ileppenheimer ; 1014. 
Robert Williams ; 1915, Frank M. Taylor ; 1916, Walter 
P. Gardner. 

CIRCUIT COURT JUDGES. 

(Term, seven years — Salary, $9,000.) 

1893-1900, Richard T. Miller, Francis Child; 1896-1903 
Henry M. Nevius ; 1900-'O3, James II. Nixon, Francis J 
Swayze ; 1903, Frederic Adams ; 1903-'07, Charles W. Par 
ker; in03--n, Allan B. Endecott ; 1904-'ll. Wilbur A. Ileis 
ley; 1906-'14, Benjamin A. Vail; 1906, Frank T. Lloyd 
1907-'08, James F. Minturn ; 1907, William H. Speer; 1908- 
'14. Charles C. Black; 1911-'13, Clarence L. Cole; 1911 
Nelson Y. Dungan ; 1913, Howard Carrow ; 1914, Luther A 
Campbell, George S. Silzer ; 1916, Willard W. Cutler. 



120 THE JUDICIARY. 

ATTORNEY-GENERALS. 
(Term, five years— Salary, $7,000.) 
1704, Alexander Griffith; 1714, Thomas Gordon; 1719, Jere- 
miah Basse; 1723, James Alexander; 1728, Lawrence Smith; 
1733. Joseph Warrel; 1754, Cortland Skinner; 1776, William 
Paterson; 1783, Joseph Bloomfleld; 1792, Aaron D. Woodruff; 
1811. Andrew S. Hunter; 1817, Theodore Frelinghuysen; 1829, 
Samuel L. Southard; 1S33, John Moore White; 1838, Richard 
S. Field; 1841, George P. Mollesson; 1844, Richard P. Thomp- 
son; 1845, Abraham Browning; 1850, Lucius Q. C. Elmer; 
1852, Richard P. Thompson; 1857, William L. Dayton; 1861, 
F. T. Frelinghuysen; 1867, George M. Robeson; 1870, Robert 
Gilchrist; 1875, Joel Parker; 1876. Jacob Vanatta; 1877, John 
P. Stockton; 1897, Samuel H. Grey; 1902, Thomas N. McCar- 
-ter; 1903, Robert H. McCarter; 1908, Edmund Wilson; 
1914, John W. Wescott. 

CLERKS IN CHANCERY. 
(Term, five years— Salary, $6,000.) 
1831, Stacy G. Potts; 1840, Samuel R. Gummere; 1851, Dan- 
iel B. Bodine; 1856, William M. Babbitt; 1861, Barker Gum- 
mere; 1871, Henry S. Little; 1881, George S. Duryee; 1886, 
Allan L. McDermott; 1896, Lewis A. Thompson; 1901, Ed- 
ward C. Stokes; 1905. Vivian AL Lewis; 1909, Samuel 
K. Robbins; 1914, Robert H. McAdams. 

CLERKS OF SUPREME COURT. 
(Term, five years— Salary, $6,000.) 
1776, Jonathan D. Sergeant (declined); 1776. Bowes Reed; 
1781, William C. Houston; 1788. Richard Howell; 1793. Jona- 
than Rhea; 1807. William Hyer; 1812. Garret D. Wall; 1817. 
Zacharlah Rossell; 1842, Ell Morris; 1842, James Wilson; 
1852, William M. Force; 1857, Charles P. Smith; 1872. Benja- 
min F. Lee; 1897. William Riker, Jr.; 1912, Joseph P. 
Tumulty; 1913, William C. Gebhardt; 1918, Enocli L. 
Johnson. 



STATE OFFICERS. 121 

STATE OFFICERS. 

(From 1776 to date.) 



SECRETARIES OF STATE. 
(Term, five years — Salary, $6,000.) 

1776, Charles Pettlt (resigned October 7th, 1778) ; 1778, 
Bowes Reed; 1794, Samuel W. Stockton ; 1795, John Beatty ; 
1805, James Linn ; 1820, Daniel Coleman ; 1830, James D. 
Vrestcott; 1840, Charles G. McChesney ; 1851, Thomas S. 
Allison ; 1861, Whitfield S. Johnson ; 1866, Horace N. Con- 
gar ; 1870, Henry C. Kelsey ; 1897, George Wurts ; 1902, 
Samuel D. Dickinson ; 1912, David S. Crater ; 1915, Thomas 
F. Martin. 

STATE TREASURERS. 
(Term, three years — Salary, $6,000.) 

1776, Richard Smith (resigned February 15th, 1777) ; 
1777, John Stevens, Jr. ; 1783, John Schureman (declined) ; 
1783, James Mott ; 1799, James Salter ; 1803, Peter Gor- 
don ; 1821, Charles Parker; 1832, William Grant; 1833, 
Charles Parker; 1836, Jacob Kline; 1837, Isaac Southard; 
1843, Thomas Ar.rowsmith ; 1845, Stacy A. Paxson ; 1847, 
Samuel S. Stryker ; 1848, Samuel Mairs ; 1851, Rescarrick 
M. Smith ; 1865, David Naar ; 1866, Howard Ivins ; 1868, 
William P. McMichael ; 1871, Josephus Sooy, Jr. ; 1875, 
Gershom Mott ; 1876, George M. Wright ; 1885, Jonathan 
H. Blackwell ; 1885, John J. Toffey ; 1891. George R. Gray ; 
1894, George B. Swain; 1902. Frank O. Briggs ; 1907. 
Daniel S. Voorhees ; 1913, Edward E. Grosscup ; 1916, 
William T, Read. 

STATE COMPTROLLERS. 
(Term, three years — Salary, $6,000.) 
1865, William K. McDonald; 1871, Albert L. Runyon ; 
1877, Robert F. Stockton ; 1880. Edward J. Anderson ; 1891, 
William C. Heppenheimer ; 1894, William S. Hancock ; 1902, 
J. Willard Morgan ; 1908, Harry J. West ; 1911, Edward I. 
Edwards; 1917, Newton A. K. Bugbee. 

ADJUTANT-GENERALS. 
(Salary, $2,500.) 
1776, William Bott ; 1793, Anthony Walton White ; 1803, 
John Morgan; 1804, Ebenezer Elmer; 1804, Peter Hunt; 
1810, James J. Wilson ; 1812. John Beatty ; 1814, James J- 
Wilson ; 1814, Charles Gordon ; 1816, Zachariah Rossell ; 
1842, Thomas Cadwallader ; 1858, Robert F. Stockton. Jr. ; 



J 22 STATE OFFICERS. 

1867, William S. Stryker ; 1000, Alexander C. Ollphant ; 
1902, R. Heber Breintnall; 1909, Wilbur F. Sadler, Jr. 
(Died Nov. 10th, 1916); 1916-17, Charles W. Barber; 
1917, Frederick Gilkyson. 

QUARTERMASTERS-GENERAL. 
(Salary, $2,500.) 

[The office of Quartermaster-General of New Jersey 
was established by an act of the Legislature, approved 
March 11th, 1806.] 

1807-1814, Jonathan- Rhea; 1814, Charles Gordon; 
1814-1821, Ellet Tucker; 1821-1824, James J. Wilson; 
1824-1837, Garret D. Wall; 1837-1855, Samuel R. Hamil- 
ton; 1855-1889, Lewis Perrine; 1890-1905, Richard A. 
Donnelly; 1905 — C. Edward Murray. 

[General Lewis Perrine died in 1889 and the vacancy 
was filed by Adjutant-General Stryker until the ap- 
pointment of General Donnelly. General Donnelly died 
February 27th, 1905.] 

STATE LIBRARIANS. 

(Term since 1878, five years — Salary, $3,000.) 

1822, William L. Prall; 1823 to '28, Charles Parker; 
1829 to '33, William Boswell; 1833 to '36, Peter For- 
man; 1837 to '42, Charles C. Yard; 1843 to '45, Peter 
Forman; 1845 to '52, William D'Hart; 1852 to '53, Syl- 
vester Vansickle; 1853 to '66, Charles J. Ihrie; 1866 to 
'69, Clarence J. M-ulford; 1869 to '71, Jeremiah Dally; 
1872 to '83, James S. McDanolds; 1884 to '99, Morris R. 
Hamilton; 1899 to 1914, Henry C. Buchanan; 1914 to 
, John P. Dullard. 

STATE PRISON KEEPERS. 

(Term since 1876, five years. Salary, $3,500.) 

Crooks; 1811, Henry Bellerjeau; Francis La- 

baw; 1829, Ephraim Ryno; 1830, Thomas M. Perrine; 
1836, Joseph A. Yard; 1839, John Voorhees; 1841, Jacob 
B. Gaddis; 1843, Joseph A. Yard; 1845, Jacob B. Gaddis; 
1851, William B. Vanderveer; 1857, Robert P. Stoll; 
1862, T. V. D. Hoag-land; 1863, Joseph B. Walker; 1866, 
Peter P. Robinson; 1868, George A. Walker; 1869, 
David D. Hennion; 1871, Robert H. Howell; 1873, 
Charles Wilson; 1876, Gershom Mott; 1S81, P. H. Lav- 
erty; 1886, John H. Patterson; 1896, Samuel S. Moore; 
1902, George O. Osborne; 1912, Thomas B. Madden; 
1916, Richard P. Hughes; 1917, James H. Mulheron. 



NEW JERSEY LEGISLATURES. 



123 



NEW JERSEY LEGISLATURES. 



Below Is a record of the length of each session, the date oi 
meeting and adjournment of, and the number of laws enacted 
by the various Legislatures since the adoption of the new Consti- 
tution In 1844: 















Joint 












Laws 


Resolu- 


Year. Meeting. 


Adjournment. 


lyength. 


enacted 


. tlon*. 


1845— January 


14, 


April 


4, 


12 Weeks. 


138 


7 


1846— '• 


13, 


" 


18, 


14 


114 


16 


1847— " 


12, 


M'ch 


5, 


8 


109 


13 


1S48— " 


11. 


'* 


9. 





136 


14 


1849— " 


9, 


" 


2, 


8 


136 


12 


1850— •• 


8, 


♦ • 


8, 


9 


123 


9 


1851— " 


14, 


«• 


19, 


10 


171 


8 


1852— •• 


13, 


" 


30, 


11 


213 


9 


1853— " 


12, 


•' 


11, 


9 


198 


12 


1854- '* 


10, 


•• 


17, 


10 


223 


13 


1855— " 


9, 


April 


6, 


13 


258 


6 


1850— '• 


8, 


M'ch 


14, 


10 


180 


11 


1857- " 


13, 




21, 


10 


223 


2 


1858— •• 


12, 


•• 


18, 


10 


215 


8 


1859— •• 


11, 


•' 


23, 


11 


231 


1 


1860— •• 


10, 


• • 


22, 


11 


270 


6 


18G1— •• 


8, 


• • 


15, 


10 


181 


2 


1802- •• 


14, 


• « 


28, 


11 


194 


6 


1863— 


13, 


«• 


25. 


11 •• 


279 


S 


1864— " 


12, 


April 14, 


14 


440 


7 


1865— 


10, 


<4 


6, 


13 " 


514 


5 


1866— " 


9, 


•• 


6, 


13 


487 


6 


1867— 


18, 


•• 


12, 


12 


480 


12 


18G8— 


14, 


•« 


17. 


14 


566 


11 


1869— 


12, 


•' 


2, 


12 


577 


5 


1870— " 


11, 


M'ch 


17, 


10 


532 


6 


1871— " 


10, 


April 


G, 


13 


625 


8 


1872— " 


9, 


'• 


4, 


13 


603 


10 


1873- 


14, 


<• 


4. 


12 


723 


1 


1874— 


13, 


M'ch 


27. 


11 


534 


1 


1875— " 


12, 


April 


9, 


13 


439 





1876— 


11. 


'• 


21, 


15 


213 


6 


1877— 


9, 


M'ch 


9, 


9 


156 


6 


1878— 


8, 


April 


5, 


13 


267 


7 


1879— 


14. 


M'ch 


14. 


9 


209 


8 


1880— 


13, 


•' 


12. 


9 


224 


4 


1881— 


11. 


«« 


25. 


11 


230 


10 


1882— 


10, 


«• 


31, 


12 " 


190 


7 


1883— 


9, 


" 


23. 


11 


208 


6 


18Si— " 


8, 


April 


18. 


15 


225 


9 


1885 — 


13. 


>< 


4. 


12 


250 


4 


188G— • " 


12. 


Jane 


2. 


15 


279 


8 


1887— t " 


11, 


April 


7, 


13 


182 


8 



After a session of 14 weeks the Rouse took a recess on April 
16th till June 1st. The Senate continued In session, as a Court 
of Impeacbmcnt, till April 22.1, when a recess was taken till June 
1st. Dp to the time of taking the recess the Senate and House 
were In session together 14 weeks, and the Senate, by Itself, one 

t The Senate did not organize till February 1st 



124 NEW JERSEY LEGISLATURES. 













Laws 
enacted 


Joint 
Resolu- 
. tlon*. 


Year. Meeting. 


Adjournment. 


Length. 


18SS— Jau-y 


10, 


M-ch 


30, 


12 Weeks 


337 


11 


1889— •' 


8, 


April 20, 


15 


297 


8 


1890— 


14, 


May 


23. 


19 


311 


8 


1891— •• 


13, 


M'ch 


20. 


10 


285 


6 


1892— •• 


12. 


" 


11, 


9 


206 


1 


1893— •' 


10. 


" 


11, 


g 


202 


2 


189-4—1 " 


9, 


Oct. 




20 


354 


7 


1895— § " 


8. 


June 


13. 


13 


434 


8 


1890— •• 


14, 


M'ch 


26, 


11 


219 


2 


1897— " 


12, 


" 


31, 


12 


206 


1 


1898— 


11, 


" 


25, 


11 


242 


2 


1899— 


10. 


" 


24, 


11 


210 


8 


1900— •' 


9, 


" 


23, 


11 


198 


8 


1901— " 


8. 


" 


22, 


11 


210 


2 


1902— " 


11, 


" 


27, 


11 


279 


4 


1903— " 


13. 


April 


2, 


12 


273 


3 


1904— " 


12, 


M'ch 


25. 


11 


250 


10 


1905— " 


10, 




30, 


12 


270 


5 


1906— " 


9, 


April 


12. 


14 


331 


11 


1907— " " 


8. 


Oct. 


12. 


40 


290 


8 


1908— •• 


14. 


April 


11. 


13 


322 


11 


190»— " 


12. 


•• 


16. 


14 


272 


8 


1910— •• 


11. 


" 


7, 


13 


308 


2 


1911— " 


10. 


" 


21, 


15 


382 


8 


1912— •* •' 


9, 




16. 


15 


420 


10 


1913— tt " 


14, 


" 


3, 


12 


367 


6 


1914— 


13. 


" 


9, 


13 


274 


2 


1015— +t " 


1-. 


" 


20. 


15 


413 


6 


19ie— " 


11, 


M'ch 


29, 


12 


289 


9 


1017— " 


9, 




23, 


12 


278 


11 


lOLS— " 


8. 


Feb. 


28. 


8 


200 


5 



t On May 2Gth a recess was taken until October 2d, when the 
Legislature re-asseinbled. and, without transacting any. business, 
adjourned sine die at 3:30 in the afternoon. 

§ On March 22d, a recess was taken until June 4th, when the 
Legislature re-assembled, and, remaining in session two weeks, 
adjourned sine die on June 13th. 

• This Legislature was in continuous session 14 weeks, and on 
April 12 adjourned to June 18. Then there was another ad- 
journment, and subsequently frequent recesses were taken until 
final adjournment. 

** This Legislature was in session until March 29th, then took a 
recess to April 10th, and on April 11th took a recess to April 16th 
and then adjourned sine die. 

tt First special session, ilay 6th to 26th. Laws enacted, 22. 

tt Second special session, August 5th to 12th. Laws enacted, 2. 

Jt Special session, May 3d. Laws enacted, 2. 



NEW JERSEY LEGISLATURES. 



125 



POLITICAL COMPLEXION OF NEW JER- 
SEY'S LEGISLATURES. 

(From 1845 to date.) 



1845— Senate, 


12 


Whigs; 


7 Dems. 


House, 


80 Whigs; 


27 Dems.; 


Native Amerl 


lean 












1846— Senate, 


12 


'Whlga; 


7 Dems. 


nouse. 


40 Whigs; 


18 Dems. 


1847— Senate, 


12 


Whlga; 


7 Dems. 


House, 


38 Whigs; 


20 Dems. 


1848— Senate, 


12 


Whigs; 


7 Dems. 


House, 


39 Whigs; 


19 Dems. 


1849— Senate. 


10 


Whlga; 


9 Dems. 


House, 


33 Whigs; 


25 Dems. 


1850— Senate, 


9 


Whigs; 


11 Dems. 


House, 


25 Whigs; 


35 Dems. 


1851— Senate, 


10 


Whigs; 


10 Dems. 


House 


, 28 Whigs 


; 30 Dems. 


1852— Senate, 


13 


Dems. ; 


7 Whigs. 


House, 


45 Dems.; 


15 Whigs. 


1853 — Senate, 


13 


Dems. ; 


7 Whigs. 


House, 


39 Dems.; 


21 Whigs 


1854— Senate, 


13 


Dems.; 


7 Whigs. 


House, 


40 Dems.; 


20 Whigs. 


1855 — Senate, 


10 


Dems.; 


9 Whigs; 


1 Natlye American. House, 



29 Dems.; 25 Whigs; 6 Native American. 
1856 — Senate, 11 Dems.; 5 Whigs; 4 Native American. House, 

30 Dems.; 14 Whigs; 1 Ind. Dera. ; 15 Native American. 

1857 — Senate. 11 Dems.; Whigs; 3 Know Nothings. House, 
38 Dems.; combined opposition, 22. 

1858 — Both Houses Democratic. 

1859 — Senate, Democratic. House, Opposition. 

1860 — Senate, Democratic. House, 30 Dems.; 28 Reps.; 2 Amer- 
ican. 

1861 — Senate, Republican. House, Democratic. 

18G2 — Senate, Democrats and Ilopubllcans, tie; Independent, 1. 
House, Democratic. Democratic majority on Joint ballot, 3. 

1863-64 — Both Houses Democratic. 

1865 — Senate, Democratic. House, a tie. 

1866-67 — Both Houses Republican. 

1868-69-70 — Both Houses Democratic. 

1871-72-73— Both Houses Republican. 

1874 — Senate, 14 Republicans; 7 Democrats. House, 32 Repub- 
licans; 28 Democrats. 

1875 — Senate, 13 Republicans; 8 Democrats. House, 41 Di-nin 
crats; 19 Republicans. 

1876 — Both Houses Republican. 

1877 — Senate, 11 Democrats; 10 Republicans. House, a tie. 

1878 — Both Houses Democratic. 

1879-80-81— Both Houses Republican. 

1882 — Senate, Republican. Plouse, Democratic. 

1883 — Senate, 12 Republicans; 9 Democrats. House, 35 Demo- 
crats; 25 Republicans. 

1884 — Senate, Republican. House, Democratic. 

1885 — Both Houses Republican. 

1886 — Both Houses Republican. 

1887— Senate, 12 Republicans; 9 Democrats. House, 32 Demo- 
crats, 26 Republicans; 2 Labor Democrats. 

1888 — Senate, 12 Republicans; 9 Democrats. House, 37 Repub- 
licans; 23 Democrats. 

1889 — Senate, 11 Democrats; 10 Republicans. House, 32 Dem- 
ocrats; 28 Republicans. 

1890 — Senate, 11 Republicans; 10 Democrats. House, 87 Demo- 
crats; 23 Republicans. 



126 



NEW JERSEY LEGISLATURES. 



7 Republicans. 
5 Republicans. 
5 Republicans. 
10 Democrats. 



7 Democra 
Democrats. 
Democrats. 



1891 — Senate, 14 Democrats; 
crats; 20 Republicans. 

1892 — Senate, IG Democrats- 
crats; 18 Republicans. 

1893 — Senate, 16 Democrats; 
crats; 21 Republicans 

1894 — Senate, 11 Republicans 
llcans; 20 Democrats; 1 Ind. Dem. 

1805 — Senate, 16 Republicans; 5 Democrats, 
llcans; 6 Democrats. 

189G — Senate, 18 Republicans; 3 Democrats, 
llcans; 16 Democrats; 1 Ind. Dem. 

1897 — Senate, 18 Republicans; 3 Democrats, 
llcans; 4 Democrats. 

1898-99— Senate, 14 Republicans; 
publicans; 23 Democrats. 

1900— Senate, 14 Republicans; 7 
llcans; 16 Democrats; 1 vacancy. 

1901— Senate, 17 Republicans;' 4 
llcans; 15 Democrats. 

1902 — Senate, 17 Republicans; 4 Democrats, 
llcans; 14 Democrats. 

1903-4 — Senate, 14 Republicans; 7 Democrats 
llcans; 22 Democrats. 

lOOo — Senate, 14 Republicans; 7 Democrats, 
llcans: 14 Democrats. 

190G — Senate, 17 Republicans; 4 Democrats, 
llcans; 1 Ind. Rep.; 3 Democrats. 

1907— Senate, 15 Republicans; G Democrats 
crats; 29 Republicans. 

1908 — Senate, 14 Republicans 
llcans; 20 Democrats. 

1909 — Senate, 13 Republicans 
llcans; 15 Democrats. 

1910 — Senate, 15 Republicans 
llcan«;; 19 Democrats. 

1911 — Senate, 12 Republicans; 9 Democrats, 
llcans: 42 Democrats. 

1912 — Senate, 11 Republicans; 10 Democrats. 
Means; 23 Democrats. 

1913 — Senate. 12 Demcrats: 9 Reiniblicans. 
crnts; 8 Republicans; one. Tacancy. 

1914 — Senate, 11 Democra'ts; 10 Republicans, 
crats: 23 Republlcnns. 

1915 — Senate, 11 Republicans: 10 Democrats, 
licnns: 22 Demof^rats. 

1916 — Senate, 13 Republicans; 8 Democrats, 
lioans: 20 Democrats. 

1917 — Senate, 15 Republicans; 
llcans: 16 Democrats. 

1918 — Sennte, 15 Republicans: 
lic.Tus: 14 Democrats. 

1919 — Senate. 14 Rer^ublicans: 
30 Republicans; 30 Democrats. 



7 Democrats. 



8 Democrats. 
6 Democrats. 



6 Democrats. 
6 Democrats. 
G Democrats; 



nouae, 40 
House, 42 
House, 39 
House, 39 
House, 54 
House, 43 
House, 56 
ts. House, 
House, 43 
House, 45 
House,' 46 
House, 38 
House, 46 
House, 56 
House, 31 
House, 40 
House, 45 
House, 41 
House, 18 
House, 37 
House, 51 
House, 37 
House. 38 
House, 40 
House 44 
riouse, 46 
1 vacancy. 



Demo- 
Demo- 
Demo- 
Repub- 
Repub- 
Repub- 
Repub- 
87 Re- 
Repub- 
Repub- 
Repub- 
Repub- 
Repub- 
Repub- 
Demo- 
Repub- 
Repub- 
Repub- 
Repub- 
Repub- 
Demo- 
Demo- 
Repub- 
Repub- 
Repub- 
Repub- 
Hnuse, 



LEGISLATIVE OFFICERS. 12^ 



VICE-PRESIDENTS OF COUNCIL AND 

SPEAKERS OF THE HOUSE 

OF ASSEMBLY. 

(From 1776 to 1844, when the new Constitution was formea. 



VICE-PRESIDENTS. 

1776-81— John Stevens, Hunterdon. 
1782 —John Cox, Burlington. 
1783-84— Philemon Dickinson, Hunterdon. 
1785-88— Robert Lettis Hooper, Hunterdon. 
1789-92— Ellsha Lawrence, Monmouth. 
1793-94 — Thomas Henderson, Monmouth. 
1795 — Ellsha Lawrence, Monmouth. 
1796-97— James Linn, Somerset. 
1798-1800— George Anderson, Burlington. 
1801-04— John Lambert, Hunterdon. 

1805 —Thomas Little, Monmouth. 

1806 —George Anderson, Burlington. 

1807 — Ebenezer Elmer, Cumberland 

1808 — Ebenezer Seeley, Cumberland 

1809 —Thomas Ward, Essex. 
1810-11— Charles Clark. Essex. 

1812 —James Schureman, Middlesex. 

1813 —Charles Clark. Essex. 
1814-15— William Kennedy, Sussex. 
1816-22— Jesse Upson, Morris. 
1823-25— Peter J. Stryker, Somerset. 

1826 — Ephraim Bateman, Cumberland. 

1827 -Silas Cook, Morris. 

1828 —Charles Newbold, Burlington. 
1829-30— Edward Condlct, Morris. 
1831-32— Elias P. Seeley, Cumberland. 

1833 — Mahlon Dickerson, Morris. 

1834 —Jehu Patterson, Monmouth. 

1835 —Charles Sltgreaves, Warren. 
18S6 — Jeptha B. Munn, Morris. 
1837-38— Andrew Parsons, Passaic. 
1839-40— Joseph Porter, Gloucester. 

1842 ,— John Cassedy, Bergen. 

1843 '—William rhetwood. Essex. 

1844 —Jehu Patterson, Monmouth. 



128 LEGISLATIVE OFFICERS. 



SPEAKERS. 

1776-78— John Hart, Hunterdon. 

Second Session 1778— Caleb Camp, Essex. 

1779 —Caleb Camp, Essex. 

1780 — Josiah Hornblower, Essex. 

1781 —John Mehelm, Hunterdon. 
1782-83— Ephraim Harris, Cumberland. 
1784 —Daniel Hendrlckson, Monmouth, 
1784-86 — Benjamin Van Cleve, Hunterdon. 

1787 —Ephraim Harris, Cumberland. 

1788 —Benjamin Van Cleve, Hunterdon. 

1789 —John Beatty, Middlesex. 

1790 —Jonathan Dayton, Essex. 

1791 — Ebenezer Elmer, Cumberland. 
1792-94— Silas Condict, Morris. 

1795 —Ebenezer Elmer, Cumberland. 

1796 —James H. Imlay, Monmouth. 

1797 —Silas Condict, Morris. 
1798-1800— William Coxe, Burlington. 

1801 —Silas Dickerson, Sussex. 

1802 —William Coxe, Burlington. 

1803 —Peter Gordon, Hunterdon. 
1804-07— James Cox, Monmouth. 
1808-09— Lewis Condict, Morris. 
1810-11— William Kennedy, Sussex. 

1812 —William Pearson, Burlington. 

1813 —Ephraim Bateman, Cumberland. 
1814-15— Samuel Pennington, Essex. 

1816 —Charles Clark, Essex. 

1817 —Ebenezer Elmer, Cumberland. 
1818-22— David Thompson, Jr., Morris. 

1823 —Lucius Q. C. Elmer, Cumberland. 

1824 —David Johnston, Hunterdon. 
1825-26— George K. Drake, Morris. 
1827-28— William B. Ewing. Cumberland. 
1829-31— Alexander Wurts, Hunterdon. 
1832 —John P. Jackson, Essex. 
1833-35— Daniel B. Ryall, Monmouth. 
1836 — Thoma.=5 G. Halght, Monmouth 
1837-38— Lewis Condict, Morris. 

1839 —William Stites, Essex. 
1840-41— John Emley, Burlington. 
1842 —Samuel B. Halsey, Morris. 
1843-44— Joseph Taylor, Cumberland. 



LEGISLATIVE OFFICERS. 129 



SENATE OFFICERS. 



PRESIDENTS. 



1845-48 — John C. Smallwood. Gloucester. 
1849-50— Ephralra Marsh, Morris. 

1851 —Silas D. Canfleld. Passaic. 

1852 — John Manners, Hunterdon. 
1853-56— W. C. Alexander, Mercer. 
1857-58— Henry V. Speer, Middlesex. 

1859 — Thomas R. Herring, Bergen. 

1860 — C. L. C. Glfford, Essex. 

1861 — Edmund Perry, Hunterdon. 

1862 —Joseph T. Crowell, Union. 

1863 — Anthony Reckless, Monmouth. 

1864 —Amos Robblns, Middlesex. 

1865 —Edward W. Scudder, Mercer, 
1806 — James M. Scovel, Camden. 
1867 — Benjamin Buckley, Passaic. 
1868-09— Henry S. Little, Monmouth. 
1870 —Amos Rohbins, Middlesex. 
1871-72— Edward Settle, Camden. 
1873-75— John W. Taylor, Essex. 

1876 — W. J. Sewell, Camden. 

1877 —Leon Abbett, Hudson. 

1878 — G. C. Ludlow, Middlesex. 
1879-80— W. J. Sewell, Camden. 
1881-82 — G. A. Hobart, Passaic. 

1883 —J. J. Gardner, Atlantic. 

1884 — B. A. Vail, Union. 

1885 —A. V, Schenck. Middlesex. 

1886 —John W. Griggs, Passaic. 

1887 — Frederick S. Fish, Essex. 

1888 — George H. Large, Hunterdon. 

1889 — George T. Werts, Morris. 

1890 — H. M. Nevius, Monmouth. 
1891-93— Robert Adrain. Middlesex. 
1804 — Maurice A. Rogers, Camden. 

1895 — Edward C. Stokes, Cumberland. 

1896 — Lewis A. Thompson, Somerset; Robert Williams, Passaic. 

1897 — Robert Williams, Passaic. 

1898 — Fc>ster ^^. Voorhees, Union; William IT. Sldrni (pro 

tem.), Mercer. 

1899 — Charles A. Reed, Somerset. 

1900 —William M. Johnson. Bergen. 

1901 — Mahlon Pitney, Morris. 

1902 — C. Asa Francis, Monmouth. 

1903 — Elijah C. Hutchinson, Mercer. 

1904 — Edmund W. Wakelee. Bergen. 

1905 — •Joseph Cross, Union; ♦Wm. J. Bradley, Camden. 

1906 — William J. Bradley, Camden. 

1907 — Bloomfleld H. Mlnch, Cumberland. 

1908 — Thomas J. HlUery, Morris. 



• Joseph Cross resigned on March 30, and he was succeeded by 
William J. Bradley. 



130 LEGISLATIVE OFFICERS. 

1909 — tSamuel K. Robbing, Burlington; Joseph S. Frelingbuy- 

sen, Somerset. 

1910 — Joseph S, Frellughujsen, Somerset. 

1911 — Ernest R. Ackt-rman, Union. 

1912 — John Dyuele.v Prince, Passaic. 

1913 — *Jauies F. Fielder, Hudson; James A. C. Johnson, Ber- 

gen (pro tern.). 

1914 — John \V. Slocum, Monmouth. 

1915 — Walter E. Edge, Atlantic. 

1916 —William T. Read, Camden; George W. F. Gaunt, Glouces- 

ter (pro tern.). 

1917 — George W. F. Gaunt, Gloucester. 

1918 — Thomas F. McCran, Passaic. 

SECRETARIES. 

1845-47— Daniel Dodd. Jr., Essex. 
1848-50— Philip J. Gray, Camden. 
1851 — John Rogers, Burlington. 
1852-53— Samuel A. Allen, Salem. 
1854 — A. R. Throckmorton, Hudson. 
1855-56 — A. R. Throckmorton, Monmouth. 
1857-58 — A. B. Chamberlain, Hunterdon. 
1859-60— John C. RaCferty, Hunterdon. 
1801 — Joseph J. Sleeper, Burlington. 
1862-03 — Morrl3 R. Hamilton, Camden. 
1864-65— John H. Meeker, Essex. 
1866-67— Enoch R. Borden, Mercer. 
1808-69 — Joseph B. Cornish, Warren. 
1870 — John C. RaCferty, Hunterdon. 
1871-74 — John F. Babcock, Middlesex. 
1875-76 — N. W. Voorhees, Hunterdon. 
1877-78 — C. M. Jemlson, Somerset. 
1879 — N. W. Voorhees, Hunterdon. 
1880-82 — George Wurts, Passaic. 
1883-8.5— W. A, Stiles, Sussex. 
1886-88 — Richard B. Reading, Hunterdon. 

1889 — John Carpenter, Jr., Tlunterdon. 

1890 —Wilbur A. Mott, Essex. 
1891-92 — John Carpenter, Jr., Hunterdon, 

1893 — Samuel C. Thompson, Warren. 

1894 —Wilbur A. Mott, Essex. 
1895-97 — Henry B. Rolllnson, Union. 
1898 — George A. Frey, Camden. 
1899-1900— Augustus S. Barber, Jr.. Gloucester. 
1901-02-03-04 — Walter E. Edge. Atlantic. 
1905-10 — Howard L. Tyler, Cumberland. 

1911 —William C. Murphey, Camden. 

1912 — Francis B. Davis, Gloucester. 
1913-14— William L. Dill, Passaic. 
1915-16-17— Francis B. Davis, Gloucester. 
1918 — William H. Albright, Gloucester. 

t Samuel K. Bobbins resigned on April 18 and was succeeded 
by Joseph S. Frelinghuysen. 
♦ Became Acting Governor, March 1. 



LEGISLATIVE OFFICERS. 131 

ASSEMBLY OFFICERS. 



SPEAKERS. 

1845 — Isaac Van Wagenen, Essex. 

1840 — Lewis Howell, Cumberland. 
1847-48— John W. C. Evans, Burlington. 

1849 — Edw. W. Whelpley, Morris. 

1850 — John T. Nixon, Cumberland. 

1851 —John H. Phillips, Mercer. 

1852 — John Huyler, Bergen. 

1853-54 — John VV, Fennimore, Burlington. 

1855 — William Parry, Burlington. 

1850 — Thomas W. Demarest, Bergen. 

1857 — Andrew Dutcher, Mercer. 

1858 — Daniel Holsman, Bergen. 

1859 —Edwin Salter, Ocean. 

1860 — Austin H. Patterson, Monmouth. 
1801 — F. H. Teese, Essex. 

1862 —Charles Halght. Monmouth. 

1863 — Jamea T. Crowell, Middlesex. 

1864 — Joseph N. Taylor, Passaic. 

1805 — Joseph T. Crowell, Union. 

1806 —John Hill, Morris. 

1867 — G. W. N. Curtis, Camden. 

1868 — Aug. O. Evans, Hudson. 
1809-70— Leon Abbett, Hudson. 

1871 —Albert P. Condlt, Essex. 

1872 —Nathaniel Nlles, Morris. 

1873 —Isaac L. Fisher, Middlesex. 

1874 a-Garret A. Hobart, Passaic. 

1875 —George 0. Vandorbilt, Mercer. 

1876 — John D. Carscallen, Hudson. 

1877 — Rudolph F. Rabe, Hudson. 

1878 —John Egan, Union. 

1879 — Schuyler B. Jackson, Essex. 

1880 — Sherman B. Ovlatt, Monmouth. 

1881 — Harrison VanDuyne, Essex. 

1882 — John T. Dunn, Union. 

1883 — Thomas O'Connor. Essex. 

1884 —A. B. Stoney, Monmouth. 
1885-80- E. A. Armstrong, Camden. 

1887 —William M. Balrd, Warren. 

1888 — Samuel D. Dickinson. Hudson. 

1889 —Robert S. Hudspeth, Hudson. 

1890 — W. C. Heppenhelmer. Hudson. 
1891-92 — James J. Bergen, Somerset. 

1893 — Thomas Flynn, Passaic. 

1894 — 'John I. Holt, Passaic; •Joseph Cross, Union. 

1895 — Joseph Cross, Union. 

1896 — Louis T. Derousse, Camden. 

1897 — George W. Maopherson, Mercer. 
1898-99— **David O. Watklns, Gloucester. 
1900 — Benjamin F. Jones, Essex. 
1901-02— William J. Bradley, Camden. 
1903 — John G. Horner, Burlington. 



* Speaker Holt resigned on May 26th, and Mr. Cross succeeded 
him. 
•• Became Acting Governor, October 18th. 



132 LEGISLATIVE OFFICERS. 

1904-05 — John Boyd Avis, Gloucester. 

1906 — Samuel K. Robblns, Burlington. 

1907 —Edgar E. Lethbrldge, Essex. 

1908 — Frank B. Jess, Camden. 

1909 — John D. Prince, Passaic. 

1910 — Harry P. Ward, Bergen. 

1911 — Edward Kenny, Hudson. 

1912 — Thomas F. McCrau, Passaic. 

1913 — *Leon R. Taylor, Monmouth. 

1914 — Azariah M. Beeliman, Somerset. 

1915 — Carlton Godfrey, Atlantic. 

1916 — Charles C. Pilgrim, Essex. 

1917 — Edward Schoen, Essex. 

1918 — Charles A. Wolverton, Camden. 

CLERKS. 

1845 —Alexander G. Cattell, Salem. 

1846 — Adam C. Davis, Hunterdon. 
1847-rin — Alex. M. Cumming, Mercer. 
18ol-.^2 — David Naar, Essex. 
1853-54— David W. Delllcker, Somerset. 
1855 — Peter D. Vroom, Hudson. 
1856-57 — William Darmon, Gloucester. 

1858 — Daniel Blauvelt, Essex. 

1859 — John P. Harker, Camden. 

1860 — D. Blauvelt, Jr., Essex. 
1861-62 — Jacob Sharp, Warren. 
1863-64 — Levi Scobey, Monmouth. 
1865-66 — George B. Cooper, Cumberland. 
1867 — Ed. Jardine, Bergen. 
1868-70 — A. M. Johnston, Mercer. 

1871 — A. M. Cumming, Mercer. 

1872-74 — Sinnlckson Chew, Camden. 

1875 — Austin H. Patterson. Monmouth. 

1876-77 — John Y. Foster, Essex. 

Ig78 — Austin H. Patterson, Monmouth. 

1879-81 — C. O. Cooper, - Morris. 

1882-83 — Arthur Wilson, Monmouth. 

1884 — Henry D. Wlnton, Bergen. 

1885-86 — Samuel Toombs, E.ssex. 

1887 — Joseph Atkinson, Essex. 

1888 — James P. Logan, Burlington. 
1889-90— John J. Matthews, Union. 
1891-92 — Tho3. F. Noonan, Jr., Hudson. 

1893 — Leonard Kallsch, Essex. 

1894 —J. Herbert Potts, Hudson. 
1895-97— James Parker. Passaic. 
1898-99 — Thomas H. Jones, Essex. 
1907 —Michael W. Hlggins, Essex. 
1900-06; 08-09-10 — James Parker, Passaic. 

1911 — Daniel A. Dugan, Essex. 

1912 — Upton S. Jefferys, Camden. 
1918-14— Mark F. Phillips. Essex. 
1915-16-17-18 — Upton S. Jefferys, Camden. 

• Became Acting Governor October 28th. 



STATE CENSUS. 



133 



NEW JERSEY CENSUS. 

Population by Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 
Official. 



1915. 



ATLANTIC COUNTY. 



381 
480 


12.406 

9.360 

. 12.527 

17.374 



Absecon City 

1st Ward . 

2d Ward . . 
Atlantic City 

1st Ward . . 

2d Ward . . 

3d Ward . . 

4th Ward . 
Buena Vista Township. . 

East Atlantic City* 

Egg Harbor City 

Egg Harbor Township. . 

Folsom Borough 

Galloway Township . . . 
Hamilton Township . . . 

Hammonton 

Linwood Borough 

Longport Borough 

Margate City 

Mullica Township 

Northficld City 

1st Ward . . . 568 

2d Ward 400 

Pleasantville City 

1st Ward . . . ' 2.600 

2d Ward 2.263 

Port Republic City 

1st Ward ... 200 

2d Ward 222 

Somers Point City 

1st Ward ... 358 

2d Ward 432 

Ventnor City 

1st Ward . . . 1.073 

2d Ward 603 

Weymouth Township . . 

Net increase, 
10,946. 







In- 


De- 


410. 


1915. 


crease. 


crease 


781 


870 


89 





46,150 51,667 



2,723 

67 

2,181 

1,110 

232 

1,976 

2,271 

5,088 

602 

118 

129 

811 

866 



4,390 

405 

604 

491 

899 
•1.894 



3,599 

20 

2,416 

1,856 

266 

2,115 

2,432 

5,896 

610 

143 

291 

967 

968 



4,663 
422 
790 

1,676 

973 

82,840 



BERGEN COUNTY. 



Allendale Borough 
Alpine Borough . . . 
Bergenfield Borough 
Bogota Borough . . 
Carlstadt Borough 
Cliffside Park Borough 
Chester Borough . 



937 
377 
1,991 
1.125 
3.807 
3,394 
1,483 



1,121 
533 
2,924 
2,341 
4,137 
4,778 
1,735 



5,517 



876 

23.5 
746 

34 

139 

161 

808 

8 

25 
162 
156 
102 



473 

17 

186 

1,185 

74 

10,993 



184 
156 
933 

1,216 
330 

1.384 
252 



47 



47 



* Name changed from Brigantine City. 



134 



STATE CENSUS. 









In- De- 




1910. 


1915. 


crease, crease. 


Cresskill Borough 


550 


922 


372 


Delford Borough 


1,005 


1,244 


239 


Demarest Boiough .... 


560 


588 


28 


Dumont Borough 


1,783 


2,278 


495 


East Rutherford Bor- 








ough 


4,275 


4,576 


301 


Edgewater Borough . . . 


2,655 


3,150 


495 


Emerson Borough 


767 


906 


139 


Englewood City 


9,924 


11,071 


1,147 


1st Ward 2,111 








2d Ward 2,254 








3d Ward 3,389 








4th Ward 3.317 








Englewood Cliffs Bor- 








ough 


410 


532 


122 


Fairview Borough 


2,441 


4,016 


1,575 '.'.'.'. 


Fort Lee Borough 


4,472 


5,288 


816 


Franklin Township .... 


1,954 


2,238 


284 


Garfield Borough 


10,213 


15,455 


5,242 


Glen liock Borough .... 


1,055 


1,689 


634 


Harrington Township . . 


588 


785 


197 


Harrington Park Bor- 








ough 


377 


551 


174 


Hasbrouck Heights Bor- 








ough 


2,156 


2,424 


269 


Haworth Borough 


588 


733 


145 


Hillsdale Township .... 


1,072 


1,444 


372 


Hohokus Borough 


488 


561 


73 


Hohokus Township .... 


1,881 


2,428 


547 


Leonia Borough 


1,486 


2,132 


646 


Little Ferry Borough... 


2,541 


2.729 


188 


Lodi Borough 


4,138 


6,379 


2,241 


Lodl Township 


693 


904 


211 


May wood Borough 


889 


1,309 


420 


Midland Township .... 


1,480 


1,884 


404 


Midland Park Borough. . 


2,001 


2,130 


129 


Montvale Borough 


522 


728 


206 


Moonachie Borough .... 


638 


993 


355 


New Barbadoes Town- 








ship* 


14,050 


15,856 


1,806 


1st Ward. . . . 5.070 








2d Ward 3.111 








3d Ward 2.806 








4th Ward 3.000 








5th Ward 1.779 








North Arlington Bor- 








ough 


437 


1.079 


642 


Norwood Borough 


564 


680 


116 


Oakland Borough 


568 


628 


60 


Old Tappan Borough . . 


305 


323 


18 


Orvil Township 


970 


1,167 


197 


Overpeck Township . . . 


4,512 


7,000 


2,488 


Palisades Township . . . 


1.141 


1,592 


451 . . . . 


Palisades Park Borough, 


1.411 


2,264 


853 


Park Ridge Borough . . 


1.401 


1,643 


242 


Ramsey Borough 


1,667 


1,9-73 


306 



* New Barbadoes Township, 
sack Town. 



co-extensive with Hacken 



STATE CENSUS. 



135 









In- De- 




1910. 


1915. 


crease, crease. 


Ridgefield Borough . . . 


9G6 


1,187 


221 


Ridgewood Township . 


5,410 


6,729 


1,313 


Riverside Borough . . . 


736 


949 


213 


Rivervale Township . . 


450 


530 


80 


Rutherford Borough .. 


7.045 


8,347 


1,302 


Saddle River Borough. 


483 


555 


72 


Saddle River Township 


3,047 


4,014 


967 


Teaneck Township . . . 


2,082 


3,254 


1,172 


Tenafly Borough 


2,756 


2,999 


243 


Union Township 


4,076 


7,299 


3,223 


Upper Saddle River Bor 








ough 


273 


364 


91 


Wallington Borough .. 


3,448 


4,071 


623 


Washington Township. 


100 


218 


118 


Westwood Borough . . . 


1,870 


2,217 


347 


Woodcliff Lake Bor 








ough 


470 


522 


52 


Woodridge Borough . . . 
Is'et increase, 


1,043 


1,500 


457 








40,594. 


138,002 


178,596 


40,594 


BURLINGTON COUNTY. 




Bass River Township... 


685 


735 


50 


Beverly City 


2.140 


2,450 


310 


Beverly Township 


2,337 


2,719 


382 


Bordentown Township . . 


608 


529 


79 


Borden town City 


4,250 


4,095 


155 


. 1st Ward 1.75C 


► 






2d Ward 1,545 








3d Ward 80C 








Burlington City 


8,336 


9,044 


708 


Burlington Township . . 


1,220 


1,424 


204 


Chester Township 


5,069 


6,061 


992 


Chesterfield Township . . 


1,130 


1,228 


98 


Cinaminson Township . . 


1.266 


1,585 


319 


Delran Township 


1,031 


1,409 


378 


Easthampton Township 


508 


486 


99 


Evesham Township .... 


1,408 


1,396 


'.'.'.'. 12 


Fieldsboro 


4S0 


510 


30 


Florence Township .... 


4,731 


6.240 


1,509 


Lumberton Township . . . 


1.768 


1,854 


86 


Mansfield Township .... 


1.526 


1.597 


71 


Medford Township .... 


1,903 


1,978 


75 


Mount Laurel Town 








ship 


1,573 


1,736 


163 


New Hanover Township 


948 


932 


16 


North Hanover Township 


696 


692 


.... 4 


Northampton Township. . 


5,652 


5.657 


5 


Palmyra Township .... 


2.801 


3.295 


494 


I'emherton Township . . 


1,679 


1,865 


180 


Pemberton Borough .... 


797 


793 


4 


Riverside Township .... 


4,011 


5,465 


1,454 


Riverton Borough 


1,788 


2,141 


353 


Shamong Township .... 


483 


500 


17 


Southampton Township 


1.778 


1,848 


70 


Springfield Township . . 


1.278 


1,329 


51 



136 



STATE CENSUS. 



Tabernacle Township . , 
Washington Township . . 
Westhampton Township, 
Willingboro Township. . 
Woodland Township . . . 
Net increase, 
8.172. 







In- 


De- 


1910. 


1915. 


crease. 


crease. 


487 


479 




8 


597 


672 


75 




564 


612 


48 




562 


703 


141 


. . . . 


475 


678 


203 





66,565 



•4,737 



8,472 



300 



CAMDEN COUNTY. 



Audubon Borough 
Berlin Township , 
Camden City . . . , 



1st Ward 7,553 

2d Ward 8,383 

3d Ward: . . . 5,120 

4th Ward 4,313 

5th Ward 8,773 

6th Ward 7,025 

7th Ward 10,618 

8th Ward 10.423 

9th Ward 6,626 

10th Ward... 8,797 
11th Ward... 7,031 
12th Ward... 7,702 
13th Ward... 9,851 

Centre Township 

Chesilhurst Borough . . . 

Clementon Township . . . 

Collingswood Borough.. 

Delaware Township .... 

Gloucester Citj^ 

1st Ward 4.256 

2d Ward 6,298 

Gloucester Township . . . 

Haddon Township 

Haddon Heights Bor- 
ough 

Haddonfield Borough . . 

Laurel Springs Borough,* 

Magnolia Boroughf .... 

Merchantville Borough., 

Oaklyn Borough .... 

Tensauken Township 

Voorhees Township . 

Waterford Township 

Winslow Township . 

Woodlyne Borough . 
Net increase, 
21,192. 



1,343 3,009 

1,611 2,070 

94,538 102,215 



1,666 

465 

7,677 



3.200 
246 
2.794 
4,795 
1.706 
9,462 



2,380 
1,465 



1.452 
4,142 



1,996 
658 
4,169 
1,174 
1,484 
2,919 
500 



3,710 
314 
2,605 
6,600 
2,227 
10,554 



2,764 
2,082 

2,297 

5,077 

791 

977 

2 '^4'' 

'793 

5,213 

1,330 

1,936 

3,531 

878 



510 

68 

1,805 

521 

1,092 



384 
617 

845 
935 
791 
977 
246 
140 
1,044 
156 
452 
612 
378 



142,029 163,221 21,381 



189 



189 



* Set off from Clementon Township. 
t Set off from Township of Clementon. 



STATE CENSUS. 



137 



CAPE MAY COUNTY. 

In- De- 

1910. 1915. crease, crease 

Avalon Borough 230 323 93 

Cape May City 2,471 2,513 42 

Cape May Point Bor- 

ougli 162 170 8 

Dennis Townshin 1,751 1,804 53 

Lower Township 1,188 1.271 83 

Middle Township 2,974 3,383 409 

North Wildwood Bor- 
ough* 833 1.088 255 

Ocean City 1,950 3,721 1,771 

Sea Isle City 551 955 404 

South Cape May Bor- 
ough 7 1j 12 

Stone Harbor Borough, t 459 459 

Upper Township 1,483 1,589 106 

West Cape May Bor- 
ough 844 1.068 224 

Wildwood Cityt 898 3,858 1,059 

Wildwood Crest Borough, 103 317 214 

Woodbine Borough 2,399 1,869 530 

Net increase, 

4,662. 19,745 24,407 5,192 530 



CUMBERLAND COUNTY. 



Bridgeton City . . . 




14,209 


13,611 




1st Ward 


2,120 








2d Ward 


2,981 








3d Ward 


3.403 








4th Ward 


3.153 








5th Ward 


1,954 








Commercial Township . . 


2.604 


2.624 


20 


Deerfield Township 




3.311 


3.621 


310 


Downe Township . 




1.519 


1,570 


51 


Fairfield Township 




1.629 


1,621 




Greenwich Townsh 


ip ... 


1.145 


1.147 


o 


Hopewell Township . . . 


1.81 S 


1.807 




Landis Township . 




6.485 


8.058 


2,223 


Lawrence Township ... 


1,746 


1.801 


55 


Maurice River Township, 


2.124 


2.221 


97 


Millville City .... 




12,451 


13,307 


856 


1st Ward 


2.655 








2d Ward 


2,044 








3d Ward 


3,112 








4th Ward 


2,923 








5th Ward 


2.573 








Stow Creek Township. . . 


880 


962 


82 


Vineland Borough 
Net increase, 




5,282 


6,531 


1.249 










4,328. 




55.153 


59,481 


4.945 



598 



11 



617 



* Formerly Anglesea. 

t Set off from Middle Township. 

t Wildwood City was formerly Wildwood Borough and 
Holly Beach Borough. In 1910 Holly Beach Borough had 
a population of 1,901. 





In- 


De- 


1915. 


crease. 


crease. 


11,996 


2,105 





782 


78 


3,400 


1,173 


2,979 


570 


40,1*01 


0,590 



138 STATE CENSUS. 



ESSEX COUNTY. 

1910. 
Belleville Town 9,891 

1st Ward 4.419 

2d Ward 5,205 

3d Ward 2,372 

Bloomfield Town 15,070 17,306 2,236 

1st Ward 6,506 

2d Ward 5,212 

3d Ward 5,588 

Caldwell Township 704 

Caldwell Borough 2.236 

Cedar Grove Township.. 2,409 
East Orange City 34.371 

1st Ward 5.335 

2d Ward 6.545 

3d Ward 11.885 

4th Ward 6.176 

5th Ward 11.020 

Essex Fells Borough. . . 442 538 96 

Glen Ridge Borough 3.260 4,153 803 

Irvington Town 11,877 20,342 8,465 

1st Ward 5,472 

2d Ward 5.842 

3d Ward 9,028 

Livingston Township .. 1.025 1.202 17 < 

Millburn Township 3.720 4,372 652 

Montclair Town 21,550 25,029 3,479 

1st Ward 4.389 

2d Ward 4,788 

3d Ward 4,771 

4th Ward 6.151 

5th Ward 4,030 

Newark City 347,460 366,721 19.252 

1st Ward 27.300 

2d Ward 15.087 

3d Ward 34.630 

4th Ward 10.163 

5th Ward 10.550 

6th Ward 18.613 

7th Ward 16.021 

8th Ward 24.066 

9th Ward 25,381 

10th Ward... 18.300 

11th Ward... 17.225 

12th Ward... 22.503 

13th Ward... 33,789 

14th Ward... 36.781 

15th Ward... 15,327 

16th Ward.. . 30,887 
North Caldwell Borough, 505 664 60 

Nutlev Town 6.000 7.087 1,978 

1st' Ward 2,874 

2d Ward 2.503 

3d Ward 2,610 



STATE CENSUS. 



139 











Tn- De- 






1010. 


1915. 


crease, crease 


Orange City . 




29.630 


29,805 


175 


1st Ward. . . 


7,434 








2d Ward. . . 


4,312 








3d Ward... 


7.378 








4th Ward. . . 


6.526 








5th Ward. . . 


4,155 








Roseland Boroii2:h 


486 


593 


107 


South Orange 


Township, 


2,979 


4.676 


1,697 


South Orange 


Village. . . 


6.014 


5,866 


14J 


Verona Boroug 


h 


1,675 


2,643 


968 


West Caldwei: 


Borough. 


494 


690 


106 


West Orange 


Town .... 


10,980 


13,610 


2,630 


1st Ward. . . 


2,014 








2d Ward. .. 


3,368 








3d Ward. . . 


2.S17 








4th Ward. . . 


2.535 








5th Ward. .. 
Net increase 


2,876 
















53,438. 




512,886 


566,324 


53,586 14S 



GLOUCESTER COUNTY. 



Clayton Borough 

Deptford Township . . . 

East Greenwich Town- 
ship 

Elk Township 

Franklin Township .... 

GlassboTo Township . . . 

Greenwich Township . . 

Harrison Township . . . 

Logan Township 

Mantua Township 

Monroe Township 

National Park Borough, 

Paulsboro Borough .... 

Pitman Borough 

South Harrison Town- 
ship 

Swedesboro Borough . . 

Washington Township .. 

Wenonah Borough 

West Deptford Town- 
ship 

Westville Borough* .... 

Woodbury City 

1st Ward...'. 1,089 

2d Ward 2,463 

3d Ward 1,736 

Woodbury Heights Bor- 
ought 

Woolwich Township . . . 
Net increase, 
6,219. 



1,926 
2,524 

1.406 
1,022 
2.603 
2,821 

874 
1,682 
1,523 
1,529 
3,015 

325 
2,121 
1,950 

694 
1.477 
1,396 

645 

2,057 
4,642 



1,729 
1,800 

1,614 
1.042 
3,008 
3,030 
1,155 
1,793 
1,521 
1,849 
3,490 
529 
2,876 
2,577 

687 
1 738 
1,626 

821 

1.728 
2,036 
5,288 



339 
1,311 



1,136 
37,368 43.58' 



208 
20 
405 
209 
281 
111 



320 
475 
204 
755 
627 



261 
230 
176 



2,036 
646 



339 
175 



,478 



197 
724 



329 



1,259 



* Set off from Townships of Deptford and West Deptford. 
t Set off from Deptford Township. 



140 



STATE CENSUS. 



HUDSON COUNTY. 









In- 


De- 




1910. 


1915. 


crease. 


crease. 


Bayonne City 


55,545 


64,461 


8,916 




East Newark Borough., 


3.163 


2,873 




"290 


Guttenberg Town 


5,647 


6,322 


**"675 




Harrison Town 


14,498 


14,520 


22 




Hoboken City 


70,324 


67,611 




2,713 


Jersey City 


267,779 


270,903 


' 3,124 




1st Ward 15,776 






2d Ward 19.600 










3d Ward 17,578 










4th Ward 13,319 










5th Ward 17,501 










6th Ward 16,900 










7th Ward 32,179 










8th Ward 33,512 










9th Ward 24,100 










10th Ward... 24,247 










11th Ward... 28,059 










12th Ward... 28,132 










Kearney Town 


18,659 


22.150 


3.491 




North 'Bergen Township, 


15,662 


20,679 


5,017 




Secaucus Borough 


4,740 


4.906 


166 




Union Town 


21,023 
11,228 


21,739 
13,488 


716 
2,260 




Weehawken Township .. 




West Hoboken Town . . . 


35,403 


38,776 


3.373 




West New York Town. . 


13,560 


22,943 


9,383 




Net increase. 














34,140. 


537,231 


571,371 


37,143 


3,003 


HUNTERDON COUNTY. 






Alexandria Township .. 


1,045 


1,093 


48 




Bethlehem Township . . 


980 


975 




"■5 


Bloomsbury Borough . . 


600 


630 


30 




Clinton Township 


2,108 


2,157 


49 


.... 


Town of Clinton 


836 


841 


5 




Delaware Township . . . 


1,740 


1,941 


201 


.... 


East Amwell Township, 


1203 


1.251 


48 




Flemington Borough* .. 




2,635 


2,635 




Franklin Township .... 


* 1,099 


1,141 


42 


.... 


Frenchtown Borough . . 


984 


983 




1 


Hampton Borough 


914 


843 




71 


High Bridge Borough . . 


1,545 


1,700 


' '"155 


.... 


Holland Township .... 


1,699 


975 





724 


Kingwood Township . . 


1,265 


1,241 




24 


Lambertville City 


4,657 


4,600 




57 


1st Ward 1,400 










2d Ward 1,162 










3d Ward 2,038 










Lebanon Township .... 


2,179 


2,211 


32 




Milford Borought 





687 


687 


.... 


Raritan Township .... 


4,003 


1,896 




2,107 


Readington Township .. 


2,569 


2,648 


79 






* Set off from Raritan Township, 
t Set off from Holland Township. 



STATE CENSUS. 



141 









In- 


De- 




1910. 


1915. 


crease. 


crease. 


Stockton Borough 


605 


613 


8 


.... 


Tewksbury Township . 


1,742 


1,734 




8 


Union Township 


930 


1,054 


■"i24 




West Amwell Township 


866 


848 




"is 


Net increase, 
1,128. 










33,569 


34,697 


4,143 


3,015 


MERCER COUNTY. 






East Windsor Township 


941 


839 




102 


Ewing Township 


1.889 


3,261 


' 1,372 




Hamilton Township . . 


7,899 


11.143 


3,244 




Hopewell Borough . . . 
Hopewell Township , . 


1,073 


1,341 


268 




3,171 


3,430 


259 




Hightstown Borough . 


1,879 


2,592 


713 




Lawrence Townsuip . . 


2,522 


3,339 


817 




Pennington Borough .. 


^«22 


944 


222 




Princeton Borough . . . 


5,136 


5,678 


542 




Princeton Township .. 


1.178 


1,414 


236 




Trenton City 


96,815 


103,190 


6,375 




1st Ward 4,91' 




2d Ward 4,94C 










3d Ward 5.48f 










4th Ward 9.98f 










5th Ward 10.78f 










6th Ward 3,781 










7th Ward 4.44f 










8th Ward 7,04C 










9th Ward 8,13( 










10th Ward... 9,63^ 










11th Ward... 14,371 










12th Ward... 7,401 










13th Ward... 7,5ir 










14th Ward... 4,80- 


. < 








Washington Township . 


1,090 


l,21o 


125 


. . . . 


West Windsor Town 


- 








ship 


1,342 


1,426 


84 


.... 


Net increase, 














14,155. 


125,657 


139,812 


14,257 


102 



MIDDLESEX COUNTY. 



Cranbury Township . . . 1,424 1,533 109 

Dunellen Borough 1,990 2,877 887 

East Brunswick Town- 
ship 1,602 1,865 263 

Helmetta Borough 661 767 106 

Highland Park Borough, 1,517 2,901 1,384 

Tamesburg Borough . . . 2,075 1,865 

Madison Township 1,621 2,123 502 

Metuchen Borough 2,138 2,692 554 

Middlesex Borough* 1,310 1,310 

Milltown Borough 1,584 1,902 318 

Monroe Township 1,723 2,581 858 

New Brunswick 23,388 30,019 6,631 

* Set off from Piscataway Township. 



210 



142 



STATE CENSUS. 



North Brunswick Town 

ship 

Perth Amboy City 
Piscataway Townshi 
Raritan Township . 
Roosevelt P.orough 
Sayreville Township 

South Amboy 

South Brunswick Town 

ship 

South River Borough 
Spottswood Borough . 
Woodbridge Township 
Net increase, 
30,290. 







In- De- 


1910. 


1915. 


crease, crease. 


990 


1,247 


257 


32,121 


39,719 


7,598 


3,523 


3,624 


101 


2,707 


3,412 


705 


5,786 


8,049 


2,263 


5.783 


6,812 


529 


7,007 


7,482 


475 


2.443 


2,929 


486 


4,772 


6,691 


1,919 


623 


683 


60 


8,948 


12,133 


3,185 



114,426 144,716 30,500 



210 



MONMOUTH COUNTY. 



Allenhurst Borough 
Allentown Borough 
Asbury Park City . 
Atlantic Township 
Atlantic Highlands Bov 

ough 

Avon Borough 

Belmar Borough .... 
Bradley Beach Borons 

Deal Borough T 

Eatontown Township 
Englishtown Borough 
Fair Haven Borough* 
Farmingdale Borough 
Freehold Town . . 
Freehold Township 
Highlands Borough 
Holmdel Township 
Howell Township 
Keyport Borough . 
Long Branch City 
Manalapan Township 
Manasquan Borough . 
Matawan Borough .. . 
Matawan Township . 
Marlboro Township . 
Middletown Township 
Millstone Township . 
Monmouth Beach Bor 

ough 

Neptune City Borough 
Neptune Township 
Ocean Township . . 
Raritan Township . 
Red Bank Borough 
Rumson Borough . 
Sea Bright Borough . 
Shrewsbury Township 



306 

634 

10,150 

1,205 

1,645 
426 

1,433 

1,807 
273 

2,076 
468 

' "416 
3.233 
2,329 
1.386 
1,058 
2,703 
3,554 

13,298 
1,375 
1,582 
1,646 
1,472 
1,754 
6,653 
1,461 

485 
488 
5,551 
1,377 
1,583 
7,398 
1,449 
1,220 
3,238 



203 

642 

10,910 

1,200 

1,771 

707 
2.553 
2,236 

227 
2,164 

605 
1,490 

483 
3,622 
• 2,338 
1,759 
1.315 
2,981 
4,019 
14,565 
1,467 
1,817 
1,771 
1,833 
1.842 
7,795 
1,255 

652 
614 
6.774 
1,405 
1,955 
8,631 
1,583 
1.327 
2,315 



760 



126 

281 

1,120 

429 



137 

1,490 

67 

389 

9 

373 

257 

228 

465 

1,267 

92 

28o 

125 

361 

88 

1,142 



167 
126 

1,223 

28 

372 

1,233 
134 
107 



103 



46 



>06 



923 



Set off from Shrewsbury Township. 



STATE CENSUS. 



143 









In- 


De- 




1910. 


1915. 


crease. 


crease. 


Spring Lake Borough . . 


853 


1,393 


540 




Upper Freehold Town- 










ship 


2.053 
3,817 


2,064 
4,338 


11 
521 




Wall Township 




West Long Branch Bor- 










ough 


879 


1,065 


186 


.... 


Net increase, 
12,902. 










94.734 


107,636 


14,185 


1,283 


MORRIS COUNTY. 






Boonton Town 


4,9.30 


5,207 


277 





Boonton Township .... 


428 


527 


99 




Butler Borough 


2,265 


2,534 


269 


.... 


Chatham Township .... 


812 


818 


6 




Chatham Borough 


1.874 


2,207 


333 




Chester Township .... 


1,251 


1,357 


106 




Denville Township* .... 




1.012 


1.012 




Dover Town 


■ 7,468 


8,971 


1,503 




Florham Park Borough, 


558 


970 


412 


.... 


Hanover Township .... 


6,228 


8,121 


1,893 




Jefferson Township .... 


1,303 


1,186 




'Hi 


Madison Borough 


4,658 


5.628 


" "970 


.... 


Mendham Borougli .... 


1,129 


1,248 


119 


.... 


Mendham Township . . . 


792 


845 


53 




Montville Township . . . 


1,944 


1.719 




■ 22.5 


Morris Township 


3.161 


3.034 




127 


Morristown Town 


12,507 


13,006 


"■499 


.... 


Mount Arlington Bor- 










ough 


277 


397 


120 


.... 


Mount Olive Township, 


1.160 


1.084 




76 


Netcong Borough 


1,532 


1,680 


*"i48 




Passaic Township 


2.165 


2,457 


292 




Peqnannock Township. . 


1.021 


2,313 


392 


.... 


Randolph Township . . . 


2.307 


2,545 


238 




Rockaway Borough .... 
Rockaway Township ... 


1,902 


9 994 


322 


.... 


4.835 


31264 




1,571 


Roxbury Township .... 


2.414 


2,514 


""ioo 




Washington Township. . 


1.900 


2,055 


155 


. 


Wharton Borough 


2,983 


2,-591 




392 


Net increase, 
G,810. 










74.704 


81,514 


9,318 


2.508 


OCEAN COUNTY. 






Barnegat City Borough. 


70 


77 


7 




Bay Head Borough .... 


281 


492 


211 


.... 


Beach Haven Borough.. 


970 


434 


16-^ 




Berkelev Township .... 


597 


900 


303 


. . .'. 


Brick Township 


2.177 


2.308 


131 




Dover Township 


2.452 


2,676 


224 


.... 


Eagleswood Township.. 


550 


525 




" "25 


Harvey Cedars Borough, 


33 


47 


14 


.... 


Island Heights Borough, 


313 


368 


55 




Jackson Township 


1,325 


1,465 


140 


. . . . 



* Set off from Rockaway Township. 



STATE CENSUS. 



Lacey Township 

Lakewood Township ... 
Lavalette Borough .... 
Little Egg Harbor 

Township 

Long Beach Township.. 
Manchester Township.. 
Mantololving Borough*.. 

Ocean Township 

Plumsted Township . . . 
Point Pleasant Beach 

Borough 

Seaside Heights Bor- 

oughf 

Seaside Pari? Borough. . 
Stafford Township .... 
Surf City Borough .... 
Tucl^ertoh Borough . . . 
Union Township 

Net increase, 
1,693. 



1910. 

602 

5,149 

42 

388 

107 

1,112 

"397 
1,123 

1,003 



101 

934 

40 

1,268 

982 

21,318 



In- 

1915. crease. 

678 76 

4,662 

174 132 

474 86 

105 

998 

50 50 

374 

1,186 63 

1,204 201 

252 252 

275 174 

933 

44 4 

1,312 44 

998 16 

23,011 2,345 



De- 
crease. 



487 



2 
114 



23 



652 



PASSAIC COUNTY. 



Acqu'ackanonk 


Town- 








ship 




11.869 


20.822 


8.953 


Haledon Borough 


2,560 


2,890 


330 


Hawthorne Borough .. . 


3,400 


3.999 


599 


Little Falls Township.. 


3,750 


2,928 




North Haledon Borough, 


749 


834 


8.5 


Passaic City 





54,773 


61,225 


6,452 


Pateison City 




125,600 


124,815 




1st Ward. . 


. ' ' '13.564 








2d Ward.. 


17,613 








3d Ward.. 


. 14.028 








4th Ward. . 


. 17,248 








5th Ward. . 


7,685 








6th Ward.. 


3.438 








7th Ward. . 


7.202 








8th Ward. . 


8.029 








9th Ward. . 


12,028 








10th Ward. 


. 11,358 








11th Ward. 


. 12,082 








Pompton Tow 


nship .... 


4,044 


6.068 


2,024 


Pompton La 


kes Bor- 








ough .... 




1,060 
2,719 


1,400 
3.853 


340 


Prospect Pari 


c Borough, 


1,134 


Totowa Boron 


gh 

ship 


1,130 


1.493 


363 


Wayne Towns 


2.281 


2.625 


344 


West Milford 


Township, 


1,967 


1,877 




West Pater 


son Bor- 








ought .... 






1.535 


1.535 


Net increase 
20,462. 












215,902 


236,364 


22,150 



785 



90 



1.69-; 



* Set off from Brick Township. 

t Set off from Dover and Berkeley Townships. 

t Set off from Little Falls Township. 



STATE CENSUS. 



145 



sale:h county. 

1910. 

Alloway Township .... 1,533 

Elmer Borough 1,167 

Elsinboro Township .... 419 
Lower Alloways Creek 

Township 1,252 

Lower Penns Neck 

Township 1,544 

Mannington Township.. 1,606 

oidmans Township .... 1,364 

Pennsgrove Borough . . 2,118 

Pilesgrove Township . . 1.786 

Pittsgrove Township . . 2.394 

Quinton Township .... 1.091 

Salem City 6,614 

Upper Penns Neck 

Township 744 

Upper Pittsgrove Town- 
ship 1.754 

Woodstown Borough . . 1,613 

Net increase, 

3,293. 26,999 





In- 


De- 


1915. 


crease. 


crease. 


1,500 




33 


1,143 




24 


432 


13 





1,289 


37 




1,605 


61 




1,653 


47 


.... 


1,324 




40 


4.412 


2,294 




1.763 




23 


2.169 




22.5 


999 




92 


6,953 


339 




1,559 


815 


.... 


1,984 


230 




1,507 




106 



30.292 3.830 



543 



SOMERSET COUNTY. 

Bedminster Township... 2.375 1,342 1,033 

Bernards Township . . . 4.608 5.057 449 

Bound Brook Borough.. 3,970 5,152 1,182 

Branchburgh Township, 970 1,034 64 

Bridgewater Township.. 1,742 2.039 297 

Franklin Township* . . . 2.305 3.000 :r*,0 

Plillsborough Township, 2,313 3,183 870 

Millstone Borough .... 157 154 3 

Montgomery Township.. 1,037 1,961 324 .... 
North Plainfield Bor- 
ough 6,117 6,037 80 

North Plainfield Town- 
ship 886 985 90 

P e a p a c k (Gladstone) 

Borough! 1.346 1.3-16 

Raritan Town 3.672 4.028 356 

Rockv Hill Borough 502 470 32 

Somerville Borough . . . 5,060 6.038 978 

South Bound Brook Bor- 
ough 1,024 1.108 84 

Warren Township 1,036 1,099 63 

Net increase, — 

5,303. 38,820 44.123 6.451 1.148 

* East Millstone Town, population 1910 of 356 is in- 
cluded in Franklin Township. 

t Set off from Township of Bedminster. 

10 



146 



STATE CENSUS. 



SUSSEX COUNTY. 









In- De- 




1910. 


1915. 


crease, crease. 


Andover Borough . . . 
Andover Township . . 


884 


479 




405 


521 


504 




17 


Branchville Borough 


663 


620 




43 


Byram Township .... 


1,055 


437 





618 


Frankford Township . 


1,004 


1,096 


92 




Franklin Borough* . . 




3,262 


3.262 




Frtdon Township . . . 


■. ■ ■ ■ 457 


448 




' 9 


Green Township .... 


888 


504 




384 


Hampton Township . . 


671 


700 


29 




Hardyston Township 


5,210 


2.030 


3,180 


Hopatcong Borough . 


146 


234 


SS 




Lafayette Township . 


683 


687 


4 




Montague Township . 


621 


630 


9 




Newton Town 


4,467 


4,433 




■34 


Ogdensburg Boroushi- 




r.oo 


V.oi) 




Sandyston Township 


■. ■ ■ ■ 855 


796 




■59 


Sparta Township . . . 


1,579 


1,170 




409 


Stanhope Borough . . 


1,031 


1,028 




3 


Stillwater Township . 


796 


891 


9.i 


. . . 


Sussex Borough 


1,212 


1,251 


39 




Vernon Township . . . 


1,675 


1,604 




"ii 


Walpack Township . . 


286 


304 


18 




Wantage Township . . 


2,077 


2,269 


192 




Net decrease, 
804. 










26,781 


25,977 


4.428 5 


232 


U 


NION COUNTY. 






Clark Township 


469 


541 


79 




Cranford Township . 


3.641 


4,967 


1,326 




Elizabeth City 


. 73,409 


82,036 


8,627 




1st Ward 7,7( 


)4 








2d Ward 6.7f 


)9 








3d Ward. ... 7.91 


11 








4th Ward 5,61 


)8 








5th Ward 6,2c 


)7 








6th Ward 8.1( 


)3 








7th Ward 8,3( 


)9 








8th Ward 8,6( 


)3 








9th Ward 4.41 


>7 








10th Ward... 6.3£ 


>4 








11th Ward... 5.7( 


)4 








12th Ward... 6,0" 


7 








Fanwood Borough ... 


471 


699 


228 




Fanwood Township .. 


1,616 


1.970 


354 




Garwood Borough .. . 


1,118 


1,642 


524 




Hillside Township! . . 





2.773 


2.773 




Ken il worth Borough . 


779 


997 


218 




Linden Borough 


610 


1,150 


540 




Linden Township .... 


1,988 


3,826 


1,838 




Mountainside Borough 


362 


421 


59 





* Set off from Hardyston Township, 
t Set off from Township of Sparta. 
+ Set off from Union Township. 



STATE CENSUS. 



147 



In- 
1910. 1915. crease. 
New Providence Bor- 
ough 873 1,132 259 

New Providence Town- 
ship 526 847 321 

Plainfield City 20,550 24,516 3,966 

Rah^v^ay Citv 9,337 9.586 249 

Roselle Borough 2,725 3.823 1,098 

Roselle Park Borough.. 3,138 4,327 1,189 

Springfield Township . . 1.246 1,619 373 

Summit City 7,500 9.136 1,636 

Union Township 3,419 3.167 

Westfield Town 6,420 8.147 

Net increase, — 

27,125. 140,197 167,322 



Do- 
crease. 



252 



WARREN COUNTY. 



Allamuchy Township 
Alpha Borough* . . . 
Belvidere Town .... 
Blairstown Township 
Franklin Township .... 
Frelinghuyson Township 
Greenwich Township . , 
Hackettstown Town 
Hardwick Township 
Harmony Township 

Hope Township 

Independence Township 
Knowlton Township . 
Lopatcong Township 
Mansfield Township . 
Oxford Township . . . 
Pahnquarry Township 
Phillipsburg Town . . 
Pohatcong Township 
Washington Borough 
Washington Township 
White Townshipt . . . 
Net increase, 
1,127. 



641 



1.764 
1.718 
1,585 
1,074 

904 
2,715 

405 
1,490 
1,119 

867 
1,556 

766 
1.238 
3.444 

205 

13.903 

3.202 

3.567 

1,023 



43.187 



666 24 

2,084 2.084 

1,823 59 

1,447 

1.310 

788 

1.014 110 

2,976 261 

369 

1,465 

1,074 

1,151 284 

1,192 

938 172 

1.217 

1,975 

196 

15,430 l,b'Si 

1.634 

3.250 

1.078 55 

1,237 1,237 

44,314 5,813 



271 

275 
286 



36 
25 
45 

364 

■ 21 
1,469 



1.568 
c;i7 



4,686 



Set off from Pohatcong Township. 
Set off from Oxford Township. 
Total population, 2,844,342. 



148 STATE CENSUS. 

Population of Incorporated Places, 1915, 1910, 1900. 



1915. 

Absecon City 870 

Allendale Borough 1,121 

Allenhurst Borough 203 

Allentown Borough 642 

Alpha Borough 2,084 

Alpine Borough 533 

Andover Borough 479 

Angelsea Borough* .... 

Asbmy Park City 10,910 

Atlantic City 51,667 

Atlantic Highlands Borough..., 1,771 

Audubon Borough 3,009 

Avalon Borough 323 

Avon Borough 707 

Barnegat City Borough 77 

Bay Head Borough 492 

Bayonne City 64,461 

Beach Haven Borough 434 

Belleville Town 11.996 

Belmar 2,553 

Belvidere Town 1,823 

Bergenfleld Borough 2,924 

Beverly City 2,450 

Bloomfield Town 17,306 

Bloomsbury Borough 630 

Bogota Borough 2,341 

Boonton Town 5,207 

Bordentown City 4,095 

Bound Brook Borough 5,152 

Bradley Beach Borough 2,236 

Branchville Borough 620 

Bridgeton City 13,611 

Brigantine City .... 

Burlington City 9,044 

Butler Borough 2,534 

Caldwell Borough 3,409 

Camden City 102,215 

Cape May City 2,513 

Cape May Point Borough 170 

Carlstadt Borough 4,137 

Chatham Borough 2,207 

Chester Borough 1,735 

Chesilhurst Borough . 314 

Clayton Borough 1,729 

CliECside Park Borough 4,778 

Clinton Borough 841 

Closter Borough .... 

Collingswood Borougli 6,600 

Cresskill Borough 922 

Deal Borough 227 

Delford Borough 1,244 

Demarest Borough 588 

Dover Town 8,971 

Dumont Borough 2,278 

* Now North Wildwood, 



1910. 


1900. 


781 


530 


937 


694 


306 


•165 


634 


695 


'377 


.... 


884 




833 


161 


10,150 


4,148 


46,150 


27,838 


1,645 


1,383 


1,343 




230 


93 


426 




70 




281 


247 


55,545 


32,722 


272 


239 


9,891 


5,907 


1,433 


,902 


1,764 


1,784 


1,991 


729 


2,140 


1,950 


15,070 


9,668 


600 




1,125 


337 


4,930 


3,901 


4,250 


4.11(> 


3,970 


2,622 


1,807 


982 


663 


526 


14,209 


13,913 


67 


99 


8.336 


7,392 


2,265 




2,236 


1,367 


94.538 


75,935 


2,471 


2,257 


162 


153 


3,807 


2.574 


1,874 


1,361 


1,483 


.... 


246 


283 


1,926 


1,951 


3,394 


968 


836 


816 


1,483 




4,795 


1,633 


550 


486 


273 


70 


1,005 


746 


560 




7,468 


5,938 


1,783 


643 



STATE CENSUS. 



149 



1915. 

Dunellen Borough 2,877 

East Atlantic City* 20 

East Millstone Town .... 

East Newark Borough 2,873 

East Orange City 40,961 

East Rutherford Borough 4,576 

Edgewater Borough 3,150 

Egg Harbor City 2,416 

Elizabeth City 82,036 

Elmer Borough 1,143 

Emerson Borough 906 

Englewood City 11,071 

Englewood Cliffs Borough 532 

Engiishtown Borough 605 

Essex Fells Borough 538 

Fair Haven Borough 1,490 

Fairview Borough 4,016 

Fanwood Borough 699 

Farmingdale Borough 483 

Fieldsboro Borough oiJ 

Flemington Borough 2,635 

Florham Park Borough 970 

Folsom Borough 266 

Fort Lee Borough 5,288 

Franklin Borough 3,262 

Freehold Town 3,622 

Fi-enchtown Borough 983 

Garfield Borough 15,455 

Garwood Borough 1,642 

Glen Ridge Borough 4,153 

Glen Rock Borough 1,689 

Gloucester City 10,554 

Guttenberg Town 6,322 

Hackensack Town 15.856 

Hackettstown Town 2,976 

Haddon Heights Borough 2,297 

Haddonfield Borough 5,077 

Haledon Borough 2,890 

Hammonton Town 5,896 

Hampton Borough 843 

Harrington Park Borough 55] 

Harrison Town 14,520 

Harvey Cedars Borough 47 

Hasbrouck Heights Borough .... 2,424 

Haworth Borough 733 

Hawthorne Borough 3,999 

Helmetta Borough 767 

High Bridge Borough 1,700 

Highland Park Borough 2,901 

Highlands Borough 1,759 

Hightstown Borough 2,592 

Hoboken City 67,611 

Hohokus Borough 561 

Hopatcong Borough 234 

Hopewell Borough 1,341 

Irvington Town 2v;,342 

Island Heights Borough 368 

Jamesburg Borough 1,865 

* Name changed fxom Brigantine City. 



1910. 


1900. 


1,990 


1,239 


67 


99 


356 


4^7 


3,163 


2,500 


34.371 


21,506 


4,275 


2,640 


2,655 


1,006 


2,180 


1,808 


73,409 


52,130 


1,167 


1,140 


767 




9,924 


6,253 


410 


218 


468 


410 


442 




2,441 


1,003 


471 


399 


416 




480 


459 


'558 


■752 


232 




4,472 




3,233 


2,934 


984 


1,020 


10,213 


3,504 


1,118 




3,260 


1,960 


1,055 


613 


9,462 


6.840 


5,647 


3,825 


14,050 


9,443 


2,715 


2,474 


1,452 




4,142 


2,776 


2,560 




5,088 


3,481 


914 


998 


377 




14,498 


10,596 


33 


39 


2,155 


1,255 


588 




3,400 


2,096 


661 


447 


1,545 


1,377 


1,517 




1,386 


1,228 


1,879 


1,749 


70,324 


59,364 


488 




146 


75 


1,073 


980 


11,877 


5,225 


313 


316 


2,075 


1,063 



150 STATE CENSUS. 

1915. 

Jersey City 270,903 

Kearney Town 22,1.50 

Kenilworth Borough 997 

Keyport Boroush 4,019 

Lambertville Cfty 4,600 

Laurel Springs Borough 791 

Lavalette Borough 174 

Leonia Borough 2,132 

Linden Borough 1,150 

Linwood Borough 610 

Little Ferry Borough 2.729 

Lodi Borough 6,379 

Long Branch City 14,565 

Longport Borough 143 

Madison Borougli 5,628 

ISIagnolia Borough 977 

Manasquan Borough 1,817 

Manteloliing Borough 50 

Margate City 291 

Matawan Borough 1,771 

Maywood Borough 1,309 

:Mendham Borough 1,248 

Merchantville Borough 2.242 

Metuchen Borough 2,692 

Middlesex Borough 1,310 

Midland Paxk Borough 2,130 

Millstone Borough 154 

Milford Borougli 687 

Milltown Borough 1,902 

Millvilie City 13,307 

Monmouth Beach Borough 652 

Montclair Town 25,029 

Montvale Borough 728 

Moonachie Borouoh 993 

Morristown Town 13,006 

Mountainside Borough 421 

Mount Arlington Borough 397 

National Park Borough 529 

Neptune City Borough 614 

Netcong Borough 1.680 

Newark City 366,721 

New Bninswick City 30,019 

New Providence Borough 1,132 

Newton Town 4,433 

North Arlington Borough 1,079 

North Caldwell Borougli 664 

Northfield City 968 

North Haledon Borough 834 

North Plainfield Borough 6,037 

North Wildwood Borough 1,088 

Norwood Borough 680 

Nutley Town 7,987 

Oakland Borough 628 

Oaklvn Borough 793 

Ocean City 3,721 

Ogdensburg Borough 600 

Old Tappan Borough 323 

Orange City 29,805 

Palisades Park Borough 2,264 

Park Ridge Borough 1,643 



1910. 


1900. 


207,779 


206,443 


18,659 


10,896 


779 




3,554 


3,413 


4,657 


4,637 


42 


21 


1,486 


804 


610 


402 


602 


495 


2,541 


1,240 


4,138 


1,917 


13,298 


8,872 


118 


80 


4,658 


3,754 


1.582 


1,500 


129 


69 


1,646 


1,511 


889 


536 


1,129 




1.996 


1,608 


2,138 


1,786 


2,001 


1,348 


157 


200 


1,584 


561 


12,451 


10,583 


485 




21,550 


13,962 


522 


416 


638 




12,507 


11,267 


362 


367 


277 


275 


325 




488 


1,009 


1,532 


941 


347,469 


246,070 


23,388 


20,006 


873 


565 


4,467 


4,376 


437 


290 


595 


297 


866 




749 




6,117 


5,009 


833 


• • . . 


564 




6,009 


8,682 


568 


.... 


653 


. . 


1,950 


1,307 


305 


269 


29,630 


24,141 


1,411 


644 


1,401 


870 



STATE CENSUS. 151 



1915. 

Passaic City 61,225 

Paterson City 124,815 

Paulsboro Borough 2,870 

Peapack (Gladstone) Borough . . 1,846 

Pemberton Borough 793 

Pennington Borough 944 

Ponnsgrove Borough 4,412 

Perth Amboy City 39,719 

PhillipsbuTg Town 15,430 

Pitman Borough 2,577 

Plainfield City 24,516 

Pleasantville City 4,663 

Point Pleasant Beach Borough. . 1,204 

Pompton Lakes Borough 1,400 

Port Republic City 422 

Princeton Borough 5,678 

Prospect Park Borough 3,853 

Rahway City 9,586 

Ramsey Borough 1,973 

Raritan Town 4,028 

Red Bank Borough 8,631 

Ridgefleld Borough 1,187 

Riverside Borough 949 

Riverton Borough 2,141 

Rockaway Borough 2,224 

Rocky Hill Borough 470 

Roosevelt Borough 8,049 

Roseland Borough 593 

Roselle Borough 3,823 

Roselle Park Borough 4,327 

Rumson Borough 1,583 

Rutherford Borough 8,347 

Saddle River Borough 555 

Salem City 6,953 

Seabright Borough 1,327 

Sea Isle Citv 955 

Seaside Heights Borough 252 

Seaside Park Borough 275 

Seeaucus Borough 4,906 

Somers Point City 790 

Somexville Borough 6,038 

South Amboy City 7,482 

South Bound Brook Borough.... 1,108 

South Cape May Borough 19 

South Orange Village 5,866 

South River Borough 6,691 

Spottswood Borough 683 

Spring Lake Borough 1,393 

Stanhope Borough 1,028 

Stockton Borough 613 

Stone Harlior Borough 459 

Summit City 9,136 

Surf City Borough 44 

Sussex Borough 1,251 

Swedesboro Borough 1.738 

Tenafly Borough 2,999 

Totowa Borough 1,493 

Trenton City 103,190 

Tuckerton Borough 1,312 

Union Town 21,739 



1910. 


1900. 


54,773 


27,777 


125,600 


105,171 


2,121 





797 


771 


722 


733 


2,118 


1,826 


32,121 


17,699 


13,903 


10,052 


1,950 


.... 


20,550 


15,3o9 


4,390 


2,182 


1,003 


.46 


1,060 


847 


405 




5,130 


3,899 


2,719 




9,337 


7,935 


1,667 


.... 


3,672 


3,244 


7,398 


5,428 


966 


584 


736 


561 


1,788 


1,332 


1,902 


1,483 


502 


354 


5,786 


.... 


486 


. . 


2,725 


1,652 


3,138 


.... 


1,449 




7,045 


4,4ii 


483 


415 


6,614 


5,811 


1,220 


1,198 


551 


340 


101 


73 


4,740 


1,626 


604 


308 


5,060 


4,843 


7,007 


6,349 


1,024 


883 


7 


14 


6,014 


4,608 


4,772 


2,792 


623 




853 


526 


1,031 




605 


590 


7,566 


5,362 


40 


9 


1,212 


1,306 


1,477 




2,756 


1,746 


1,130 


562 


96,815 


73,307 


1,268 


. . . 


21,023 


15.187 



152 



STATE CENSUS. 



Upper Saddle River Borough.... 

Ventnor City 

Verona Borough 

Vineland Borough 

Wallington Borough 

Washington Borough 

Wenonah Borough 

West Caldwell Borough 

West Cape May Borough 

Westfield Town 

West Hoboken Town 

West Long Branch Borough .... 

West New York Town 

West Orange Town 

West Paterson Borough 

Westville Borough 

Westwood Borough 

Wharton Borough 

Wildwood City* 

Wildwood Crest Borough 

Woodbine Borough 

Woodbury City 

Woodbury Heights Borough 

Woodcliff Lake Borough 

Wood Ridge Borough 

Woodlyne Borough 

Woodstown Borough 

* Wildwood City was formerly 
Holly Beach Borough. 



1915. 


1010. 


1900. 


364 


273 


326 


1,676 


491 




2,643 


1,675 




6,531 


5,282 


4,370 


4,071 


3,448 


1,812 


3,250 


3,567 


3,580 


821 


645 


498 


690 


494 




1,068 


844 


696 


8,147 


6,420 


. . . 


38,776 


35,403 


23,094 


1,065 


879 




22,943 


13.560 


5.267 


13,610 


10,980 


6,889 


1,535 






2,036 






2,217 


1,870 


828 


2.591 


2,988 


2,069 


3.858 


898 


150 


317 


103 




1,869 


2.399 


.... 


5,288 


4,642 


4,087 


339 






522 


470 


329 


1.500 


1.043 


582 


878 


500 




1,507 


1,613 


1,371 


Wildwood Borouj 


?h and 



STATE CENSUS. 



153 



POPULATION BY COUNTIES, 
SINCE 1790. 







1790. 


1800. 


1810. 


1820. 


1830. 


1840. 


Atlantic 




8726 


Bergen 




12601 


15156 


16603 


18178 


224i4 


13190 






18095 


21521 


24979 


28822 


31107 


32809 


Camden 






Cape May.... 




2571 
8248 


3066 
9529 


3632 
12670 


4265 
12668 


4945 

14091 


5324 


Cumberland 




14322 


Essex 




17785 
13363 


22269 
16115 


25894 
19744 


30793 
23089 


41928 
28431 


44512 


Gloucester .. 




25509 


Hudson 















9451 


Hunterdon .. 




20253 


21261 


24553 


28604 


31066 


24661 


Mercer 


















21498 


Middlesex .. 




15956 


17890 


20381 


21470 


23157 


21873 


Monmouth .. 




16918 


19872 


22150 


25038 


29233 


32912 


Morris 




16216 


17750 


21828 


21368 


23580 


25777 


Ocean 






Passaic 




16704 


Salem 




10437 


11371 


12761 


14022 


i4i55 


16012 


Somerset — 




12296 


12815 


14728 


16506 


17689 


17457 


Sussex 




19500 


22534 


25549 


32752 


20349 


27773 


Union 



















Warren 















18634 


20342 


Total 





184239 


211149 


245562 


277575 


320779 


372859 




1850. 


1860. 


1870. 


1880. 


1890. 


1900. 


1905. 


Atlantic 


.. 8964 


11835 


14163 


18704 


28836 


46402 


59862 


Bergen 


. 14708 


21618 


31033 


36786 


47226 


78441 


100003 


Burlington .. 


,. 43204 


49370 


53774 


55402 


58528 


58241 


62042 


Camden 


,. 25569 


34457 


46206 


62942 


87687 


107643 


121555 


Cape May.... 


. 6432 


7130 


8529 


9768 


11268 


13201 


17390 


Cumberland 


.. 17003 


22605 


34688 


37687 


45438 


51193 


52110 


Essex 


,. 73995 


98875 


143907 


189929 


256698 


359053 


409928 


Gloucester .. 


,. 14653 


18444 


21727 


25886 


28649 


31905 


34477 


Hudson 


,. 21874 


62717 


129288 


187994 


275126 


386048 


449879 


Hunterdon .. 


. 29064 


33654 


36961 


38570 


35355 


34507 


33258 


Mercer 


,. 27991 


37411 


46470 


58061 


79978 


95365 


110516 


Middlesex .. 


. 2S671 


34810 


45057 


52286 


61754 


79762 


97036 


Monmouth ., 


,. 30234 


39345 


46316 


55538 


69128 


82057 


87319 


Morris 


.. 30173 


34679 


43161 


E0861 


54101 


65156 


67934 


Ocean 


. 10043 


11176 


12658 


14455 


15974 


19747 


20880 


Fassaic 


.. 22577 


29013 


46468 


68860 


105046 


155202 


175858 


Salem 


. 19500 


22458 


23951 


24579 


25151 


25530 


26278 


Somerset .... 


,. 19668 


22057 


23514 


27162 


28311 


32948 


36270 


Sussex 


. 22990 


23845 


23168 


23539 


22259 


24134 


23325 


Union 




27780 


41891 


55571 


72467 


99353 


117211 


Warren 


.. 22390 


28834 


34419 


36589 


36553 37781 
1444933 1883669 ; 


40403 


Total 


.489703 


672073 


90.7149 : 


1131116 : 


2144134 



For 1910 population see next page. 



154 STATE CENSUS. 



Popiilalluu by Counties, Since 1890. 

1910. 

Atlantic 71,894 

Bergen 138,002 

Burlington 66,563 

Camden 142,029 

Cape May 19,745 

Cumberland 55,153 

Essex 512.886 

Gloucester 37,368 

Hudson 537,231 

Hunterdon 33,569 

Mercer 125.657 

xMiddlesex 114,426 

Monmouth 94,734 

Morris 74,704 

Ocean 21,318 

Passaic 215,902 

Salem 26.999 

Somerset 38,820 

Sussex 26,781 

Union 140,197 

Warren 43,187 



1900. 


1890. 


46,402 


28,836 


78,441 


47,226 


58,241 


58,528 


107,643 


87,687 


13,201 


11,268 


51,193 


45,438 


359,053 


256.098 


31,905 


28,649 


386.048 


275,126 


34.507 


35,355 


95,365 


79,978 


79,762 


61,754 


82,057 


69,128 


65,156 


54,101 


19,747 


15,974 


155.202 


105,046 


25,530 


25,151 


32,948 


28.311 


24.134 


22,259 


99,353 


72,467 


37,781 


36,553 



The State 2,537,167 1,883,669 1,444,933 



STATE OF NEVV JERSEY, POPULVTION BY COUNTIES. 









In- De- 




1910. 


1915. 


crease, crease 


Atlantic 


71,894 


82,840 


10.946 


Bergen 


138.002 


178,596 


40,594 


Burlington . . . 


66,565 


74,737 


8,172 


Camden 


142,029 


163,221 


21,192 


Cape May . . . 


19,745 


24,407 


4,062 


Cumberland . 


55.153 


59,481 


4.328 


Essex . . . 


512,886 


566,324 


53,438 . . . . 


Gloucester .. . 


37,368 


4.3,587 


6.219 


Hudson 


537,231 


571.371 


34.140 


Hunterdon . . 


33,569 


34,697 


1,128 


Mercer 


125,657 


139,812 


14,155 


Middlesex . . . 


114,426 


144.716 


30.290 


Monmouth . . . 


94.734 


107,636 


12.902 


Morris 


74 704 


81.514 
23.011 


6.810 

1.693 


Ocean 


21.318 


Passaic 


215,902 


236,364 


20.462 . . . . 


Salem 


26.999 


30,292 


3.293 


Somerset 


38.820 


44,123 


5,303 




26.781 


25,977 

167,322 

44,314 

2,844,342 


804 

27,125 

1,127 




140,197 


Warren 


43,187 
2,537,167 




307,979 


Net increase. 


307,175. 







UNITKD STATES CENSUS. 155 



POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES— 1910 

STATES. 1910. 1900. 

The U. S. (exclusive of 

Philippines) 93,402,151 77,256,630 

Continental U. S 91,972,266 75,994,575 

Alabama 2,138,093 1,828 697 

Arizona 204.354 122,931 

Arkansas 1,574,449 1.311.564 

California 2,377,549 1,485.053 

Colorado 799,024 539,700 

Connecticut 1,114,750 908,420 

Delaware 202.322 184,735 

District of Columbia 331,069 278,718 

Florida 751.139 528,542 

Georgia 2.009,121 2.216,331 

Idaho 325.594 101,772 

Illinois 5.638.591 4.821,550 

Indiana 2.700,876 2,516,462 

Iowa 2.224,771 2.231.853 

Kansas 1.090.949 1.470,495 

Kentucky 2.289,905 2.147.174 

Louisiana 1,656,.388 1,381.623 

Maine 742,371 694,406 

Maryland 1.295.348 1.188.044 

Massachusetts 3,366,416 2.805.340 

Michipan 2,810.173 2.420.982 

Minnesota 2.075.708 1.751..S94 

Mississippi 1,797.114 1,551,270 

Missouri 3.293,335 8,106.605 

Montana 376.053 243.329 

Nebraska 1,192,214 1.060,300 

Nevada 81,875 42,335 

New Hampshire 430.572 411,588 

New .Jersey 2.537,179 1.883,669 

New Mexico 327,301 195,310 

New York 9,113,279 7,268,894 

North Carolina 2,206.287 1.893,810 

North Dakota 577,0.n6 319.146 

Ohio 4.767,121 4,1.'57.545 

Oklahoma 1,6.=)7,153 790,391 

Orepon 672.765 413.536 

Pennsylvania 7,665,111 6,302,115 

Rhode Island 542.610 428,556 

South Carolina 1.515.400 1.340,316 

South Dakota £583,888 401.570 

Tennessee 2,184.789 2,020.616 

Texas 3,896.542 3,048.710 

Utah 373.351 276,749 

Vermont .S.'i5,956 343,641 

Virginia 2,061,612 1.854.184 

Washington 1,141.990 518,103 

West Virginia 1.221,119 958,800 

Wisconsin 2,333.860 2,069,042 

Wyoming 154.145 92..531 

Alaska 64.856 63.592 ... 

nnwali 191.909 154.001 37,908 

Porto Rico 1,118,012 953.243 

MMltary and Naval ... 91,219 

• Decrease. 



Increase. 


P.O. 


16,145.521 


20.9 


15.977.691 


21.0 


309.396 


16.9 


81.423 


66.2 


262.885 


20.0 


892,498 


60.1 


259,324 


48.0 


206.338 


22.7 


17.587 


9.5 


52,351 


18.8 


222.597 


42.4 


892.790 


17.7 


163,822 


101.3 


817.041 


16.9 


184.414 


7.3 


•7,082 


•0.3 


220.454 


15.0 


142.731 


6.6 


274.763 


19.9 


47.905 


6.9 


106,3.56 


9.0 


561, 07Q 


20.0 


389.191 


16.1 


324.314 


18.5 


245.844 


16.0 


186.670 


6.0 


132.724 


54.5 


125.914 


11.8 


39.540 


93.4 


18,984 


4.8 


653,510 


34.7 


131,991 


67.5 


1.844,385 


25.4 


3.124.477 


16.5 


257.910 


80.8 


609,576 


14.7 


866,764 


109.7 


259.229 


62.7 


1.362.996 


21.8 


114.0.-14 


28.8 


175,084 


13.1 


182.318 


45.4 


164.173 


fl.l 


847,832 


27.8 


96.602 


84.9 


12.315 


3.6 


207,428 


11.2 


623.887 


120.4 


262.319 


27.4 


264.818 


12.7 


61.614 


57.7 



156 UNITED STATES CENSUS. 



CITIES OF OVER 100,000 POPULATION. 

Population. P. 0. of 

Cities. 1910. 1900. increase. 

Albany, N. Y 100.2.'i3 94,151 6.6 

Atlanta, Ga 154.839 89,872 72.3 

Baltimore, Md 558,485 508,957 9.7 

Birmingham, Ala 132,685 38.415 245.4 

Boston, Mass 670.585 560,892 19.0 

Bridgeport, Conn 102,054 70,996 43.7 

Buffalo, N. Y 423,715 352,387 20.2 

Cambridge, Mass 104.839 91,880 14.1 

Chicago. Ill 2,185,283 1,098,575 28.7 

Cincinnati, Ohio 364.403 325,902 11.8 

Cleveland, Ohio 560,663 381,768 46.9 

Columbus, Ohio 181,548 125.560 44.6 

Dayton, Ohio 116,577 85.333 36.6 

Denver, Col 213, .S81 133.8.59 59.4 

Detroit, Mich 465,766 285.704 63.0 

Fall River. Mass 119.295 104,803 13.8 

Grand Rapids, Mich 112,571 87,505 28.6 

Indianapolis, Ind 23.3,650 109,164 38.1 

Jersey City. N. J 207.779 206,433 29.7 

Kansas City, Mo 248.381 163.752 51.7 

Los Angeles, Cal 319,198 102.479 211.5 

Louisville. Ky 223,928 204,731 9.4 

Lowell, Mass 100,294 94,969 11.9 

Memphis, Tenn 131.105 102.320 28.1 

Milwauljee. Wis 373.8.57 285.315 31.0 

Minneapolis, Minn 301,408 202.718 48.7 

Nashville. Tenn 1 10.304 80.865 36.5 

Newarlj. N. J 347. 4G9 246.070 41.2 

New Haven, Conn 133,605 108.027 23.7 

New Orleans. La 339,075 287.104 18.1 

New York, N. Y 4.766.883 3,437,202 38.7 

Oakland, Cal 150.174 66,960 124.3 

Omaha. Neb 124,096 102,5.55 21.0 

Paterson. N. J 125,600 105.171 19.4 

Philadelphia. Penn 1, .549,008 1.293,697 19.7 

Pittsburg, Penn 533,905 451.512 18.2 

Portland, Ore 207,214 90,426 66.7 

Providence, R. 1 224.326 175.507 27.8 

Richmond, Va 127,628 85.0.50 50.1 

Rochester. N. Y 218.149 162.608 34.2 

St. Louis, Mo 687.029 575.2.38 19.4 

St. Paul, Minn 214.744 163,065 31.7 

San Francisco. Cal 416.912 342,782 21.6 

Scranton. Penn 129.807 102.026 27.3 

Seattle. Wash 237.194 80.671 194.0 

Spokane. Wash 104.402 36.848 183.3 

Syracuse N. Y 137,249 108.374 26.6 

Toledo. Ohio 168.497 131.822 27.8 

Washington, D. C 331,069 278.718 18.8 

Worcester. Mass 145,986 118 421 23.3 



UNITED STATES CENSUS. 



157 



CITIES OF FROM 25,000 TO 100,000 POPULATION. 

Population. P. C. of 

Cities. 1910. 1900. Increase. 

Akron, Ohio 69,007 42,728 61.8 

Allentown, Pa 51,913 35.410 46.0 

Altoona, Pa 52,127 38.973 83.8 

Amsterdam, N. Y 31,267 20,929 49.4 

Atlantic City, N. J 46,150 27,838 65.8 

Auburn, N. Y 34.608 30.345 14.2 

Augusta, Ga 41,040 89,441 4.1 

Aurora, 111 29.807 24,147 23.4 

Austin, Tex 29,860 22,258 34.2 

Battle Creek, Mich 25,267 18,563 36.1 

Bay City, Mich 45,166 27,628 63.5 

Bayonne, N. J 55.545 32.722 09.7 

Berkeley. Cal 40.434 13.214 206.0 

Blnghamton. N. Y 48,443 39,647 22.2 

Bloomlngton, 111 25,768 23,286 10.7 

Brockton, Mass 56,878 40,063 42.0 

Brookllne, Mass 27,792 19.935 39.4 

Butte, Mont 39. 165 30,470 28.5 

Camden, N. J 94.538 75.935 24.5 

Canton, Ohio 50.217 30.667 63.7 

Cedar Rapids, Iowa 32.811 25.656 27.9 

Charleston, S. C 58,8.33 55.807 5.4 

Charlotte, N. C 34.014 18.091 88.U 

Chattanooga. Tenn 44.604 30.154 47.9 

Chelsea, Mass 82,4.')2 34,072 '4.8 

Chester. Pa 38.537 33.988 13.4 

Chlcopee, Mass 25.401 19.107 32.5 

Clinton. Iowa 25..577 22,698 12.7 

Colorado Springs, Col 29.078 21.085 37.9 

Columbia, S. C 26.319 21,108 24.7 

Council Bluffs, Iowa 29,292 25,802 13.5 

Covington, Ky 53.270 42.938 24.1 

Dallas, Tex 92,104 42.038 116.0 

Danville, 111 27.871 10.354 70.4 

Davenport, Iowa 43,028 35,2.54 22.1 

Decatur, 111 31,140 20,754 50.0 

Des Moines, Iowa 86.368 62.1.39 89.0 

Dubuque, Iowa 38,494 36.297 6. 1 

Duluth, Minn 78,466 62,969 48.1 

Easton, Pa 28,523 25,238 13.0 

East Orange. N. J 34.371 21,506 59.8 

East St. Louis, 111 58..547 20.6.55 97.4 

Elgin. Ill 25.976 22,4.33 15.8 

Elizabeth, N. J 73,409 52,130 40.8 

Elmlra, N. Y 37,176 35.672 4.2 

El Pa.so. Tex 39,279 15.906 146.9 

Erie, Pa 66.525 .52.733 20.2 

Evansvllle. Ind 69,647 59.007 18.0 

Everett. Mass 33.484 24.3:J6 37.6 

Fltchburg. Mass 37.826 31.531 20.0 

Flint, Mich 38..550 13,103 194.2 

Fort Wavne, Ind 63,933 45,115 41.7 

Fort Worth. Tex 73,312 26,688 174.7 

Galveston, Tex 38,981 37,789 •2.1 

Green Bay, Wis 25,2.30 18.684 35.1 

Hamilton. Ohio 35.279 23.914 47.5 

Harrisburg, Pa 64,186 50.167 27.0 

• DPcrpBse. 



158 UNITED STATES CENSUS. 

Population. P. 0. of 

CiticB. 1910. 1900. increase. 

Hartford, Conn 08,915 79,850 23.9 

Haverhill, Mass 44.115 37,175 18.7 

Hazleton, Pa 25.452 14.230 78.9 

Hoboken, N. J 70,324 59.364 18.S 

Holyoke, Mass 57,730 45,712 26.3 

Houston, Tex 78.800 44,633 76.6 

Huntington, W. Va 31,161 11,923 161.4 

Jackson, Mich 31.433 25,180 24.8 

Jacksonville, Fla 57,699 28,429 103.0 

Jamestown, N. Y 31,297 22,892 36.7 

Johnstown, Pa 55,482 35,936 54.4 

Jollet, 111 34,670 29,353 18.1 

JopUn. Mo 32,073 20,023 23.2 

Kalamazoo. Mich 39,437 24,404 61.6 

Kansas Cit.v, Kan 82,331 51,418 60,1 

Kingston, N. Y 25,908 24,535 5.6 

Knoxville, Tenn 36,346 32.037 11.4 

La Crosse, Wis 30,417 28,895 5.3 

Lancaster, Pa 47,227 41,459 13.9 

Lansing, Mich 31,229 16,485 89.4 

Lawrence, Mass 85,892 62,559 37,3 

Lewiston, Me 26,247 23,761 10.5 

Lexington, Ky 35,099 20,369 33.1 

Lima, Ohio 30,508 21.723 40.4 

Lincoln. Neb 43,973 40.169 9.5 

Little Rock, Ark 45.941 38,.'307 19.9 

Lorain. Ohio 28.833 10,028 80.2 

Lynchburg, Va 29.494 18.891 56.1 

Lynn. Mass 89,336 68.513 30.4 

Macon, Ga 40,065 23.272 74.7 

McKeesport. Pa 42.694 34,227 24.7 

Madison, Wis 25,531 19.164 33.2 

Maiden. Mass 44.404 33.604 31.9 

Manchester, N. H 70.003 50.987 22.9 

Merlden, Conn 27,285 24,296 12.2 

Mobile, Ala 51,521 38,496 33.9 

Montgomerv, Ala 38.130 30,346 25.7 

Mount Vernon. N. Y 30.919 21.228 45.7 

Muskogee. Okla 25.278 4.254 494.2 

Nashua. N. H 26.005 23.898 8.8 

Newark. Ohio 25.404 18,157 39.9 

New Bedford, Mass 96.652 62.442 54.8 

New Britain. Conn 43.916 25.998 68.9 

Newburgh, N. Y 27,805 24,943 11.5 

Newcastle Pa 36,280 28.339 28.0 

Newport, 'Kv 30.309 28,301 7.) 

Newport, R: 1 27.149 22.441 21.0 

New Rochelle. N. Y 28,867 14.720 96.1 

Newton. Mass 39.806 33.587 18.5 

Niagara Falls, N. Y 30,445 19.457 56.5 

Norfolk, Va «7.452 46,624 44.7 

Norrlstown. Pa -27.875 22.265 2d.2 

Oklahoma City, Okla 64.205 10.037 539.7 

Orange N. J 29.630 24.141 22.7 

OshkU. Wis 33.062 28.284 16.9 

Pasadena, Cal 30,291 9,117 232.2 

Passaic N J 54,773 27,77J 97.2 

Pawtucket R. 1 51.622 39.231 31.5 

pJtTrla 111 . .. 66.950 56,100 19.3 

Perth AmbJjv N J 32,121 17,699 81.5 

Plttenetd Mas^ . . : : : 32:121 21.766 47.0 



, UNITED STATES CENSUS. 



159 



Cities. 1910. 

Portland, Me 58.571 

Portsmouth, Va 33,190 

Poughkeepsle, N. Y 27.938 

Pueblo, Col 44,395 

Qulacy, 111 30,587 

Qulncy, Mass 32.642 

Racine, Wis 38,002 

Reading, Pa 90,071 

Roanoke, Va 34,874 

Rockford, 111 45,401 

Sacramento, Cal 44,696 

Saginaw, Mich 50,510 

St. Joseph. Mo 77,403 

Salem, Mass 43,697 

Salt Lake City, Utah 92.777 

San Antonio, Tex 96,614 

San Diego, Cal 39.578 

San Jose, Cal 28,946 

Savannah, Ga 65.064 

Schenectady. N. Y 72.826 

Sheboygan, Wis 26,398 

Shenandoah, Pa 25,774 

Shreveport, La 28,015 

Sioux City, Iowa 47,828 

Somerville, Mass 77,238 

South Bend. Ind 53,684 

South Omaha. Neb 26.259 

Springfield, III 51,678 

Springfield, Mass 88.926 

Springfield, Mo 35.201 

Springfield, Ohio 46.921 

Stamford, Conn .• 25.138 

Superior, Wis 40,384 

Tacoma, Wash 83,743 

Tampa. Fla 37,782 

Taunton, Mass 34,259 

Terre Haute, Ind 58, 157 

Topeka, Kan 43,684 

Trenton, N. J 96.815 

Troy, N. Y 76,813 

Utlca, N. Y 74.419 

Waco. Tex 26,425 

Waltham, Mass 27,834 

Warwick, R. 1 26,629 

Waterbury, Conn 73,141 

Waterloo, Iowa 26.693 

Watertown, N. Y 26,730 

West Hoboken, N. J 35,403 

Wheeling, W. Va 41,641 

Wichita. Kan 52.4i5'0 

Wilkes-Barre, Pa 67.105 

Wllliamsport, Pa 31,860 

Wilmington, Del 87.411 

Wilmington, N. C 25,748 

Woonsocket. R. 1 38,125 

Yonkers, N. Y. 79,803 

York. Pa 44,750 

Youngstown, Ohio 79,066 

Zanesvllle, Ohio 28,026 



Population. 



1900. 
50,145 
17,427 
24.029 
28,157 
36,252 
23,899 
29,102 
78.961 
21.495 
31,051 
29,282 
42,345 
102,979 
35.958 
53,531 
53,321 
17,700 
21,500 
54,244 
31,682 
22,962 
20,321 
16,013 
33,111 
61,643 
35,999 
26,001 
34,159 
62,059 
23,267 
38,253 
15,997 
31,091 
37,714 
15,839 
31,036 
36,673 
33,608 
73.307 
60,851 
56,383 
20,686 
23.481 
21,318 
45,859 
12, .580 
21.696 
23.094 
38.878 
24.671 
51,721 
28,757 
76.508 
20,976 
28.204 
47,931 
33.708 
44,885 
23,538 



P. C. of 
Increase. 
16.8 
90.5 
18.3 
57.7 
0.9 
30.6 
30.6 
21.7 
62.2 
46.2 
52.6 
19.3 

♦24.8 
21.5 
73.3 
81.2 

123.6 
34.6 
19.9 

129.9 
15.0 
26.8 
75.0 
44.4 
25.3 
49.1 
1.0 
CI. 3 
43.3 
51.3 
22.7 
57.1 
29.9 

122.0 

138.5 
10.4 
52.6 
30.0 
32.1 
26.0 
32.0 
27.7 
18.5 
24.9 
59.5 

112.2 

23.2 

53.3 

7.1 

112.6 
29.7 
IX). 8 
14.3 
22.7 
38.7 
66.5 
32.8 
76.2 
19.1 



Decreage. 



160 SCHOOL LAW. 

SYNOPSIS OF SCHOOL LAW. 



The State Board of Education consists of eight members, 
not more than one of whom shall reside in the same county, 
and not more than four of whom shall belong .o the same 
political party. It has control of the State Normal Schools, 
the School for the Deaf and the Manual Training and In- 
dustrial School for Colored Youth. It confirms the appoint- 
ment of the county superintendents of schools, decides ap- 
peals from the decisions of the Commissioner of Education, 
and makes rules for the granting of teachers' certificates and 
for carrying into effect the school laws of the State. It 
appoints an inspector of school buildings and an inspector 
of accounts. 

The Commissioner of Education is appointed by the gov- 
ernor and confirmed by the Senate. He appo-nts the county 
superintendents of schools, decides controversies that arise 
under the school law ; may withhold the State school moneys 
from any district for neglect or refusal to comply with the 
provisions of the school law, and has general supervision of 
the public schools. There are four assistant commissioners 
appointed by the commissioner by the advice and consent of 
the State" Board of Education ; one acts as inspector of 
secondary schools, another as inspector of elementary schools, 
another as inspector of industrial education, and another to 
hear controversies and disputes arising under the school law. 

There is a superintendent of schools for each county, ap- 
pointed by the Commissioner of Education and confirmed by 
the State Board of Education. The County Superintendent 
apportions the school moneys among the districts in his 
county, has general supervision of the schools and, in con- 
nection with the local Board of Education, prescribes the 
course of study to be pursued in the district, approves the 
necessity for transportation and the cost and method thereof. 

Each municipality in the State constitutes a school dis- 
trict, unless by a vote of the people two or more munici- 
palities decide to unite and form one district. There are 
two classes of school districts, cities forming one class and 
all other municipalities the other, but a district in either 
class may, by a vote of the people, be transferred to the 
other class. The members of the Board of Education in a 
city school district are appointed by the mayor. 



SCHOOL LAW. 161 

In order to be eligible to membership in the Board of 
Education, a person must be a citizen of the United States 
and must have been a resident of the district for at least 
three years immediately preceding his or her election or ap- 
pointment and must be able to read and write. A city 
school district may have a city rupcrintendent, but until one 
is appointed the County Superintendent has supervision of 
the schools. 

In each city school district there is a Board of School 
Estimate, consisting of the mayor, two members of vhe body 
having the power to make appropriations for city purposes, 
and two members of the Board of Education. The Board 
of Education presents its estimate of the amount of local 
appropriation needed, and the Board of School Estimate 
certifies to the body in the city having power to malce appro- 
priations, the amount to be raised for rchool purposes. The 
amount so certified must be raised. 

In districts other than cities the Boards of Education 
consist of nine members each, elected by the people on the 
third Tuesday in March. The term of oflBce begins the first 
Monday in April. The qualifications for membership are 
the same as in city school districts. The special district 
school tax is voted either at the annual meeting or at a 
special school meeting called by the Board of Education. 
Bonds for school houses are authorized by the legal voters. 
School bonds cannot be sold at private sale except to the 
Trustees of the School Fund or Sinking Fund Commissioners 
unless said Trustees or Commissioners have refused to buy 
them. Bonds cannot be delivered to any purchaser other 
than the Trustees of the School Fund except upon payment 
of full purchase price. Women may vote at district meet- 
ings on all questions except the election of members of the 
Board of Education, which is prohibited by the Constitution. 
Truant officers and janitors cannot be discharged or their 
compensation decreased except for cause and after a hearing. 

Funds for the support of schools come from the following 
sources : First, from the income of the State School Fund. 
The principal of this fund is derived almost entirely from 
the sale and rental of lands under water belonging to the 
State. The principal cannot be used for any purpose, and 
the income can be used only for the support of public schools. 
Second, from State appropriation made by the Legislature to 
reduce the State school tax. Third, from State school tax, 
an amount which when added to the State appropriation 
will make a sum equal to two and three-fourths mills on 
each dollar of the taxable property in the State. Fourth, 
H 



1G2 SCHOOL LAW. 

the railroad tax rocoived by the State in excess of one-balf 
of one per cent, of the value of the railroad property. Fifth, 
interest of surplus revenue, and sixth, local school tax. 

The income from the school fund is apportioned amon.cr 
the counties by the State Superintendent ol the basis of 
the total days' attendance of pupils in the public schools. 
The State appropriation is apportioned amon.ir the counties 
by the State Comptroller on the basis of the ratables. Ninety 
per cent, of the State school tax paid by each county is 
returned to it, and the ten per cent, received from all the 
counties forms the reserve fund, which is apportioned among 
the counties in the discretion of the State Board of Educa- 
tion. The railroad tax is apportioned on the ratables. 

The County Superintendent apportions to each district $C00 
for the Superintendent or Supervising Trincipal. if .there be 
one : $500 for each teacher in a special class for subnormal 
children ; $400 for each Assistant Superintendent and Super- 
visor, and for each permanent teacher employed in a high 
school having a full four-years' course of study : $300 for 
each permanent teacher employed in a high school having 
a full three-years' course of study : $315 for each teacher 
employed in an intermediate school associated Nvith a high 
school; $200 for each permanent teacher employed in 
any kindergarten, primary of grammar grade or in a 
high school having less than three" years' course of study; 
$80 for each temporary teacher employed more than 
four months : $80 for each evening school teacher ; $25 
for each high school pupil for whom a tuition fee is 
paid to another district ; $5 for each pupil below the high 
school grade for whom such tuition fee is paid, and 75 per 
cent, of the cost of transportation of pupils approved by 
the County Superintendent. The balance of the State school 
moneys received by the county is apportioned on the basis 
of the total number of days' attendance of the pupils. 

The custodian of municipal funds is the custodian of 
school moneys, unless the Board of Education appoints the 
collector as custodian. In either case, the compensation of 
the custodian must be fixed by the Board of Education and 
paid from school funds. If there are two or more munici- 
palities in the district, the Board of Education may appoint 
its own custodian. 

Each collector must pay to the county collector the 
amount of State school tax due from his taxing district not 
later than December 22d. If the tax is not paid by that 
date the County Superintendent must withhold the amount 
of reserve fund apportioned to the district and divide it 



SCHOOL LAW. 163 

the following year among all the districts in the county. 
The county collector must pay the State school tax to the 
State Treasurer not later than January 20th. 

If a district provides a course in manual training, and 
such course is approved by the State Board of Education, the 
State will give to such district each year a sum equal to that 
raised in the district for manual training, provided the 
amount raised is not less than $250 or more than $5,000. 

County vocational schools may be established in any 
county under rules made by the State Board of Education. 
The location of these schools shall be approved by the Com- 
missioner of Education with the advice and consent of the 
State Board of Education. The Board of Education for 
such vocational school shall consist of the County Superin- 
tendent and four persons to be appointed by the judge of 
the Court of Common rieas in the county. The State 
appropriates a sum equal to that raised in the gounty for 
the establishment of such school. The amount contributed 
by the State for any such school shall not exceed in any 
one year the sum of $10,000. 

Every district must provide free text-books and supplies 
for all pupils and must also provide a flag for each school 
house, which flag must be displayed every day the school is 
in session. The selection of a text-book requires the vote of 
a majority of the whole number oif members of the Board 
of Education. A Board of Education must employ medical 
inspectors and attendance officers. 

Every school which raises $20 to establish a school library 
may receive a like amount from the State. After the first 
payment, the State will give $10 each year that the school 
raises the same amount. Library moneys may be used for 
library books, reference books, apparatus, or educational 
works of art. 

All plans for school houses must be submitted to the State 
Board of Education for suggestion and criticism. Every 
school house hereafter erected must comply with the follow- 
ing requirements : First, light must be admitted to the class 
rooms only from the left and rear. Second, the total light 
area must equal 20 per cent, of floor space. Third, there 
must be 18 square feet of floor space and not less than 200 
cubic feet of air space for each pupil. Fourth, all rooms 
must have a proper system of ventilation which will supply 
30 cubic feet of fresh air per minute for each pupil. Fifth, 
all ceilings must be at least 12 feet in height and all stairs 
must be at least 4 feet wide, with intermediate landings, 
enclosed in brick walls or by partitions of slo\Y-burning con- 



164 SCHOOL. LAW. 

struction, and without open well holes. Sixth, a school 
house havin,^ eight rooms must have two flights of stairs, 
each four feet in width, or one flight not less than six feet 
in width, one having from eight to sixteen rooms, two flights 
of stairs not less than five feet in width, and one having 
sixteen or more rooms, four flights of stairs not less than 
four feet in width, or two flights not less than six feet in 
width. Seventh, all ceilings must be either metal, wood or 
plaster on metal laths and painted white or some light tint. 

A person cannot be legally employed as a teacher unless 
he holds a teacher's certificate in full force and effect at 
the time he begins teaching. Before beginning to teach he 
must show his certificate to the Superintendent of Schools. 
A Board of Education may adopt rules governing the em- 
ployment of teachers. In the absence of rules, the contract 
must be in writing in triplicate, one copy filed with the 
Board of. Education, one with the County Superintendent, 
and one with the teacher. The employment, promotion or 
dismissal of a teacher requires the vote of a majority of the 
whole number of members of the Board of Education. After 
three years' continuous service a teacher cannot be removed 
except upon charges and after a hearing. 

All persons appointed as teachers, principals or superin- 
tendents, w^ho have not taught in this State prior to Jan- 
uary 1st, 1908, are members of the Teachers' Retirement 
Fund by virtue of such appointment. 

A State pension is also provided for teachers who have 
had thirty-five years of actual service ; twenty-five years of 
such service must have been in New Jersey. The annual 
pension provided is one-half the average annual salary re- 
ceived for the last five years of service. 

The State Board of Examiners consists of the Commis- 
sioner of Education, the Principals of the Normal Schools 
and one Assistant Commissioner, a County Superintendent 
and a City Superintendent appointed by the State Board 
of Education. This Board issues certificates valid in all 
parts of this State and in any school or grade. 

All kindergarten teachers must hold special kindergarten 
certificates. Special certificates may be issued for kinder- 
garten, physical training, manual training, music, drawing, 
modern languages, commercial branches, cooking, sewing, 
agriculture and penmanship. All applicants for certificates 
must file testimonials of good moral character, and, in case 
of previous experience, of success as teachers. 

Graduates of the Normal Schools receive State certifi- 
cates. Graduates of normal schools in other States may 



SCHOOL LAW. 165 

have their diplomas endorsed, provided the course of study 
pursued is equivalent to the course in the New Jersey Nor- 
mal Schools, and the State in which they were issued grants 
reciprocal privileges to graduates of the New Jersey Normal 
Schools. 

All children between the ages of 5 and 20 are entitled to 
attend the public schools in the districts in which they 
reside. If a kindergarten has been established, children 
4 years of age may attend. A Board of Education must 
provide suitable school facilities for all the children desiring 
to attend school. The Board of Education may provide for 
the education of pupils in the higher grades by payment of 
tuition fees to adjoining districts. If a child lives remote 
from any school in the district, the Board may transport 
such child to school or pay for its tuition in another district. 
A Board of Education may close a school and transport all 
the children to another school. Children who have never 
attended any school can be admitted to a public school 
only during the ten days immediately following the opening 
Qf the school in the fall and during the first five days in 
January and April, except by the vote of a majority of all 
the members of the Board of Education. 

All children between the ages of 7 and 16 must attend 
either a public or private school every day such school is in 
session, unless they are taught at home or are physically 
or mentally unfit to attend. Children between 14 and 16 
years of age who have completed five yearly grades may be 
granted certificates permitting them to go to work. The 
parent of a child who does not attend school may be pro- 
ceeded against before a magistrate as a disorderly person. 
If the parent is unable to control the child, such child may 
be proceeded against as a disorderly person. 

A course in physical training- is prescribed by law 
which shall be adapted to the ages and capabilities of 
the pupils in the several grades, and shall include 
exercises, calisthenics, formation drills, instruction in 
personal and community health and safety, and in cor- 
recting bodily deficiency, together with instruction as 
to the privileges and responsibilities of citizenship as 
they relate to community welfare; and in addition for 
female pupils, instruction in domestic hygiene, first 
aid and nursing. The law further provides for a 
course in high schools which shall include military 
training. This latter part, however, is not mandatory. 

Corporal punishment in all * public schools is absolutely 
prohibited. 



166 



MEMBERS OF COUNCIL. 



MEMBERS OF COUNCIL, 



177G to 1S44. 



Atlantic County. 



1837, Lewis M. Wnlker. 
38—39, Japhet Ireland. 



40 — 41, Mahlon Canflelrl. 
42 — 44, Absolam Cordery. 



Rcrgen County. 



7fi. 82—83, John Fell. 24—26, 
77—78, Robert Morris. 

70—81. Theunis Dey. 27—29, 

84—90, 92—95, Peter naiing. 31, 

91, 9G— OG, John Out water. 34—35, 

07, 09—11, Peter Ward. 3G— 37, 

OS, 12—13, William Colfax. 38—39, 

14—15, 18, Adrian Post. 40, 

10, 19—21, Jolin D. Ilarins. 41 — 42, 

17, Martin Ryerson. 43 — 44, 
22—23, Christian Zabriskie. 



30, 32—33, 
Charles Board. 
Nathaniel Board. 
Jacob M. Tiyerson. 
Christian C. Zabriskie. 
Samuel R. Demurest. 
Francis Price. 
Albert G. Doremus. 
John Caseedy. 
John n. Zabriskie. 



BurI:u;s;ton County. 

7r>, Richard Smith. 02—04, Samuel Hough. 

77, John Imlay. 10—13, John Beatty. 

78—80. 83, Peter Tallman. 14, Caleb Karl. 

81—82, John Co.\-. 15—17, William Irlck. 

84—86. 89—90. William Newbold.18. 29—31, William N. Shluu. 



87 — 88, Joseph Smith. 
91. James Kinsey. 
92. 1818—28, Calem Newbold. 
93 — 96, John Black. 
97—1801. 04—09, 

George Anderson. 



32 — S^, Richard Campion. 

34, James Newbold. 
35—36, Charles Stokes. 
37—41, William Irick. 

42, Jfoffett Craig. 
43 — 44, James S. llulme. 



Cape 3Iay County. 



1776, Jonathan Hand. 11, 

77, 79—80, 82—83. Jesse Hand. 14, 

78, Jonathan Jenkins. 15 — 19, 

81, 85. Elijah Hughes. 

84, 80—93, Jeremiah Eldredge. 20—23, 

94—95, 1806. 09—10. 28—30. 

Matthew Whillden. 31—33, 

96—98, 1800, 04, 34—35, 

Permenus Corson. 36 — 37, 

99, John T. Townsend. 38 — 39, 

1801 — 04. 07, Ebenezer Newton. 40 — 41, 

05—06, William Eldredge. ' 42—44, 

08. 12 — 13, Joseph Falkenberge. 



Nathaniel Holmes. 
Furman Leaming. 

24, 26-27, 
Joshua Swatne. 

25, Thomas H. Hughes. 
Israel Townsend. 
Joshua Townsend. 
Jeremiah Leaming. 
Richard Thomson. 
Amos Corson. 
Thomas P. Hughes. 
Maurice Beesley. 



MEMBERS OF COUNCIL. 167 

177G to 1844. 
Cuniberhuid County. 

70—77, 82, Theopbilus Elmer, 13, Ezekiel Foster. 

78, Ephraiui Harris. 14, 18, James Clark. 

79, Jobu Buck. :iO— 21, James D. Westcott. 

80, 84, Jonathan Elmer. 26, Epbraim Bateman. 

81, 83, 85— U4. 06—07, 09—1800, 27—28, John Trenoaard. 

Samuel Ogden. 20—32, Elias P. t'eeley. 

95, Eli Elmer. 33, 37, Israel Stratton. 

08, Joel Fithian. 34, David Reeves. 

1801 — 02, David Moore, 35—30, Joshua Brick. 

03—04, 10 — 11, George Burgin. 38, Nathaniel Foster. 

05—06, Abraham Sayre. 39 — 40, Samuel Barber. 

06, 08, 12—13, 15 — 17, 19, 22—25, 41, Ephraim 11. Whitecar. 

Ebenezer Seelej". 42, David Whitaker. 

07, Ebenezer Elmer. 43 — 44, Enoch il. Moore. 

00, James B. Hunt. 



E^ssex County. 

76—77, 79, Stephen Crane. 15—10, 25, 28, Amos Harrison. 

78, Abraham Clark. 19—22, 26, Silas Condit. 

80, James Caldwell. 24, 30, John Dow. 

81 — 84, Josiah Hornblower. 27, Samuel Pennington. 

85—87, John Peck. 29, Amzi Dodd. 

88, John Chetwood. 31—32, Isaac II. Williamson. 

89, Jonathan Dayton. 33, Jacob M. Mead. 
90—97, John Condit. 34, Oliver S. Halstead. 
98—1800, Daniel Marsh. 35, Stephen D. Day. 
01, 00, 10—13, Charles Clark. 36, Andrew Parsons. 
02—03, William S. Pennington. 37, John J. Chetwood. 
04 — 06, 17—18, 23, John Dodd. 38 — 40, Amzi Armstrong. 

07, Moses Jacques. 41 — 42, William Chetwood. 

08 — 09, Thomas Ward. 43 — 44, Joseph S. Dodd. 
14, Charles Kinsey. 



Gloucester County. 

1776—80, 84, John Cooper. 21—22, Michael C. Fislier. 

81, Joseph Hugg. 23, 29, 31—32, Joseph Kaighn. 

82—83, 85—86, Elijah Clark. 24—25, Isaac Wilkins. 

87—94, Joseph Ellis. 26, John Moore White. 

95—97, Joseph Cooper. 27, Christopher Sickler. 

98—1802, Thomas Clark. 28, Jeremiah J. Foster. 

03—06, 11, Isaac Mickle. 30, 33—35, John W. Mickle. 
06, 14, 10, Samuel W. Harrison. 36—38, John C. Smallwood. 

07—10, Richard M. Cooper. 39 — 40, Joseph Porter. 

12 — 13, James Hopkins. 41, William R. Cooper. 

17 — 18, James ?Iatlack. 42, Joseph Saunders. 

19 — 20, John Baxter. 43 — 44, Joshua P. Browning. 



Hudson County. 

1840, Abraham Van Santvoord. 43—44, Edwin V. R. Wright. 
41—42, John S. Condit. 



168 



MEMBERS OF COUNCIL. 



r« to 1S44. 



Hunterdon County. 



1776 — 81, John Stevens. 

82, Joseph Keailiiig. 
83—84, PLilemon Dickinson. 
85—88, Kobert-Lettls Hooper. 

89, Benjamin Van Cleve. 
90—1804, John Lambert, 
05—06, John Wilson, 
0(3 — 14, John Haas. 

15, Aaron V'ansyckle. 
1&— 19, 21, 24—25, 

Elnathan Stevenson. 

20, Thomas Prall. 



22—23, John Cavanagh. 
2G — 29, George Maxwell. 
30, Thomas Capner. 
31—32, Peter I. Clark. 

33, Alexander Wurts. 

34, Nathaniel Saxton. 
35, 42-^4, William Wilson. 

36, Henry S. Hunt. 
37 — 38, Joseph Moore. 

39, James Snyder. 
40 — 41, John Lilly. 



1838—39, Charles G. McChesney. 42 
40 — 41, James White. 



Blercer County. 

4, George Woolsey. 



Middlesex County. 



1776, John Wetherill. 18, 

77—79, Jonathan Deare. 19, 21, 

80, 83, 88, Benjamin Manning. 23—24, 
81—82, 1806, John Beatty. 
84 — 85, 96, Samuel Fitz-Kandolph. 25, 

86—87, 89—94, Samuel Randolph. 29, 
95, 97, 99—1806, 30, 

Ephraim Martin. 32, 

98, 1820, Andrew Kirkpatrick. 33, 

07, 09, 14—17, 22, 34, 

Ercuries Beatty. 35, 

08, 10, 12—13, James Schureman. 36— 38, 
11, John James. 39 — 40, 
13, John Neilson. 42 — 44, 



John N. Simpson. 

27—28, James T. Dunn. 

26, 30, 

Robert McChesney. 

William Edgar. 

James Cook. 

Samuel Edgar. 

John T. McDowell. 

Josiah B. Howell. 

Andrew Snowhill. 

John Perrine, Jr. 

41, George T. McDowell. 

David B. Appleget. 

Abraham W. Brown. 



Monmouth County. 



1776, 
77—79, 
80—83, 

84, 

85, 

86—88, 

93—94, 

90—98. 
1800, 

01—07, 
08, 
09. 



Nathaniel Scudder. 
Joseph Holmes. 
89—92, 95, 
Elisha Lawrence. 
John Imlay. 
David Forman. 
99. Asher Holmes. 
1812—13. 

Thomas Henderson. 
Elisha Walton. 
John Llo.vd. 
Thomas Little. 
William Lloyd. 
John A. Scudder. 



10—11, 13—21, Silas Crane. 

22, Williiim Andrews. 
23—24, William L Bowne. 
25, 28—29, William I. Em ley. 
26—27, Henry D. Polhemus. 

30. Samuel G. Wright. 
31, 34, John Patterson. 
32—33. Daniel Holmes. 
35 — 36, Thomas Aarowsmlth. 

37, William L. Davton. 
38—39, Benjamin Ollpliant. 

40, Peter Vredenburgh, Jr. 
41 — 44, James Patterson. 



MEMBERS OF COUNCIL. 



169 



1776 to 1844. 



Morris County. 



1776—80, Silas Condiet. 
81—84, John Carle. 

85, John-Cleve Symines. 
86—88, 93—94, 96—1800, 

Abraham Kltchel. 
89—90, William Woodhull. 
91—92, 95, Ellis Cook. 
1801—06, David Welsh. 
07 — 14, Benjamin Ludlow. 
15—22, Jesse Upson. 



23—27, Silas Cook. 
28—30, Edward Condiet. 
31—32, 40—41, James Wood. 

33, Mablon Dickerson. 

34, William Monro. 

35 — 36, Jephthah B. Munn. 
37—38, William Brittin. 

39, Jacob W. Miller. 

42, Ezekiel B. Gaines. 
43 — 44, John 11. Stansborough. 



P«.s.«»aic County. 



1837—38, Andrew Parsons. 
39^0, Nathaniel Board. 
41, Silas E. Canfleld. 



42, William Deckey. 
43—44, Silas D. Canfleld. 



Snleni County. 



1776. 78—79, Andrew Sinnickson. 23, 40, 

77, Edward Keasbv. 24 — 25, 

80, 82, 86, Whitten Cripps. 20—28, 

81, 83—84, John Holme. 29, 
85, 87—93, John Maybev/. 30, 
94—96, Thomas Sinnickson. 31, 
97—99, 1801—04, William Parret. 33, 

1800, William Wallace. 34, 37, 

04, 06—07, Jacob Hiifty. 35, 

05—06, 09—13. Isaiah Shlnn. 36, 

08, Samuel Ray. 38—39, 

13—17, Jededlah Dubois. 41, 

18, 20—22, John Dickinson. 42, 

19, Hedge Thompson. 43 — 44, 



Josiah M. Reere. 
Zacheus Ray. 
32, Israel R. Clawson. 
Philip Freas. 
James Newell. 
Henry Freas. 
Charles Swing. 
William F. Reeve. 
Samuel Humphreys. 
Thomas Yarrow. 
John A. Lambert. 
Robert Newell. 
Samuel Bolton. 
Joseph C. Nelson. 



Somerset County. 



1776. William Paterson. 
77, 93—97, James Linn. 

78, Abraham Van-Npste. 
79, 81—89, Ephraim Martin. 

80, John Witherspoon. 
90 — 92, Frederick Frelinghuysen. 
98—1804, Peter T>. Vroom. 

04, Henry Vanderveer. 
05—13, 15—19, 

John Frelinghuysen. 



14, 26—29, Andrew Howell. 
20—25, Peter I. Stryker. 
30 — 34, James S. Creen. 

35, William Thomyison. 
36—38, Walter Kirkpatrick. 

39, Augustus R. Taylor. 
40 — 41, Joseph W. Scott. 
42 — 44, George H. BrowQ. 



170 



MEMBERS OF COUNCIL. 



1770 to 1844. 
Sussex County. 



1776, 80. Jobn-Cleves Symines. 19—20, 

77. 84—85, 89—90, 21, 

Robert Hoops. 22, 

78—79, Robert Ogflon. 23—24, 

81-83, Hugh Hughes. 25—26, 

86 — 88, Mark Thomson. 27, 

91 — 99, Charles Beardslee. 28 — 31, 

1800—04, William McCullough. 32, 

04, John Linn. 33—34, 

05—06, George Blrtleman 37—38, 

06, Jacob S. Thomson. 39 — 40, 

07—13, Rarnabus Swayze. 41 — 42, 

13—15, William Kennedy. 43—44, 
16—18, Thomas Vankirk. 



Robert W. Rutherford. 
William T. Anderson. 
Jeremy Mackey. 
Jacob Thompson. 
Thomas C. Ryerson. 
Samuel Fowler. 

35, David Ryerson. 
Peter Merkel. 

36, Samuel Price. 
Richard R. Morris. 
Daniel Haines. 
Alexander Boyles. 
Benjamin Hamilton. 



AVarren County. 



1825, Jacob Thompson. 

26 — 28, Jeremy Mackey. 

29—30, Jonathan Robbins. 

51, Samuel Wilson. 

32—33. Charles Carter. 



34 — 35, Charles Sitgreaves. 
36 — 39, Robert II. Kennedy. 

40, Caleb H. Valentine. 

41, Henry H. Van Ness. 
42 — i4, Charles J. Ihrle. 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 



171 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 

177G to 1S44. 



Atlautic County. 



1837, Joseph Endicott. 
38—30, Kobert B. Risley. 



40 — 41, Joseph S. Read. 
42 — 44, George Wheaton. 



Bergen County. 



177G, Peter Zabriskle. 
70, Q3, Theiinis De.v. 
7G, 84, 8G, Darld Board 
77 — 78, Joast Beam. 
77, 81, Garret Leydecker. 

77, 82, 87, 1815, John Cutwater. 
78—81, 87, Peter Wilson. 

78, 97—1804, Thomas Blanch. 

79, Robert Morris. 
79 — 83, Isaac Blanch. 

80, Gabriel Ogden. 
82—83, 87, 94—95. Adam Boyd. 
84— 8G, 92, 96, 1810—11, 

Jacob Terhiine (Terheun), 

84, Edow Merseallus. 

85, Abraham Blauvelt. 
85— 8G, 88—90, 93, Isaac NIcoll. 
88—90, 93, John (A.) Benson. 
90 — 91, Edmund W. Kingsland. 
91, 95, John Harlng. 

91 — 92, 96, Henry Berry. 
92—94, 9G— 1802, 04—06, 
Peter Ward. 

94, William M. Bell. 

95, Benja«mln Blaclidge. 
97—98, Robert Campbell. 
99—1801, John Dey. 

02 — 04, 06, Isaac KIpp. 
03 — 04, Martin I. Ryerson. 
04— OG, 08—09, Adrian Post. 
05 — 06, Odonijah Schuyler. 
06—07, 09—11, William Colfax. 

07, John Vanhorn. 

07, Abraham Forshee. 
08, 14—17, Albert C. Zabriskle. 
08 — 09, 18, John Hopper. 
10—11, 13, John A. Westervelt. 
12—13, Martin Van Houten. 
12—13, 19, Casparus Bogart. 
12 — 13, Thomas Dickerson. 

14, Richard Cadmus. 

14, Jacob K. Mead. 
15, 20—21, Charles Board. 

1.5, Garret A. Lydacker. 
16 — 17, Jacob Banta. 



IG— 17, 
IG, 21- 
18, 
18, 24, 
19—20, 

19, 

20, 

21—23, 

22 23, 

23-24*, 

24, 

25. 

26, 

27, 30, 

27, 

28, 

28, 

28—29, 

29—30, 

30, 33, 

31, 

31, 

31, 

32—33, 

32—33, 

32, 

34, 

34—35, 

34, 

35, 36, 

35, 



37—38, 
37—38, 
37—38, 
39—40, 
39. 
39—40, 
41—42, 
41—42, 
43—44, 
43—44. 



Cornelius Merseiles. 
-22, Peter Sip. 
Casparus Prior. 
Nathaniel Board. 
25—26, 29, 

Cornelius Van Winkle. 
Silas Brlnkerhoof, 
Sebe Brinkerhoof. 
John Westervelt, Jr. 
25—27, David I. Christie. 
Garret Ackerson. 
John Van Waggoner. 
Henry B. llaggerman. 
Charles Kinsey. 
Peter J. Terhune. 
Cornelius D. Van Riper. 
Christian Zabriskle. 
Peter C. Westervelt. 
Andrew P. Hopper. 
John Ward. 
Samuel R. Demarest. 
Garret Sip. 
Andrew H. Hopper. 
John R. Blauvelt. 
Garret P. Hopper. 
John M. Cornelison. 
Samuel Demarest. 
John • F. Hopper. 
Abraham Lydecker. 
Peter I. Ackerman. 
Michael Saunier. 
John H. Hopper. 
Henry Doremus. 
Jetur R. Riggs. 
David D. Van Bussum. 
Albert G. Lydecker. 
John Cassedy. 
John G. Ackerson. 
Albert G. Doremus. 
Albert J. Terhune. 
James I. Demarest. 
John H. Zabriskle. 
William G. Hopper. 
Jacob C. Terhune 



172 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 



177C to 1844. 



Burlington County. 



1776—77, Peter Tallman. 20, 

76, 78, 83, Caleb Sbreve. 21—24, 

76, Joseph Newborn. 21—23, 

77, Samuel Rogers. 22, 
77 — 82, Thomas Feniniore. 23 — 24, 
78—79, Joslah Foster. 25—27, 
79, 85—90, Joseph Biddle. 25—27, 

80, William Trent. 25—28, 

80, William Hough. 28—30, 

81—83, Israel Sbreve. 28. 

81, 83, 90—92, 95, 28, 

George Anderson. 29, 

82, Thomas Reynolds. 29, 

84, James Kinsey. 30, 

84, Cleayton Newbold. 30—35, 
84—85, 87, Richard S. Smith. 30, 

85, Joseph Smith. 30—32, 

86, David Ridgway. 31—32, 
86, Uriah Woolman. 31—32, 

87—89, Robert Strettell Jones. 31—32, 

88 — 90, Daniel Newbold. 31, 

91, Joshua M. Wallace. 32—34, 

91, Caleb Newbold. 33, 

92, 1801—04, John Lacey. 33, 

92—93, Thomas Hollenshead. 33—34, 

93 — 96, Samuel Hough. 33, 

93, Henry Ridgway. 34, 

94, Joseph Stokes. 34, 
94, John Van Emburgh. 34, 

95—96, Stacy Biddle. 35—36, 

96—1804, 06—09, 16—17, 35—36, 

William Coxe, Jr. 35—36, 

97, 1820—22, Thomas Newbold. 35—36, 

97—1801, Job Llppincott. 36, 

97—1800, 02—07, 37—38, 

William Stockton. 37—38, 

98, Joseph Budd. 37, 

99—1804, 08—17, 19, 37, 

William Pearson. 38—39, 

1804—11, 13—14, William Irlck. 38, 

04—06, Isaac CowglU. 39—41, 

04—13, Caleb Earle. 39—41, 

10—15, Charles Ellis. 39—40, 

12—17, Samuel J. Read. 40—41, 

1.5—16, William Reeve. 41—42, 

17—19, 24, John Evans, Jr. 42-^4, 

18—19, 23—24, William Griffith. 42 — 44, 

18—19, John Newbold. 42—44, 

18, Samuel Haines. 42, 

20, George Hulme. 43 — 44, 

20—22, 25—27, Gershom Mott. 43—44, 



William Stockton, Jr. 
Richard L. Beatty. 
William Woolman. 
Samuel Deacon. 
Jonathan Hough. 
29, Joshua S. Earl. 
Isaiah Toy. 
37 — 41, John Emley. 
Samuel Black. 
Philip F. Howell. 
Richard Eayre. 
John Warren. 
Charles M. Wells. * 
Charles Stok^is. 
George Deacon. 
Richard Campion. 
Benjamin H. Llppincott. 
Joshua Wright, Jr. 
Benjamin Shreve, Jr. 
William R. Allen. 
Samuel Black. 
Israel Biddle. 
John H. Rulon. 
Zebedee M. Wills. 
Isaac Hilliard. 
George Black. 
Benjamin Fish. 
Amos Stiles. 
Thomas Page, M.D. 
Anderson Lalor. 
Moses Wills. 
Thomas F. Budd. 
Benjamin Davis. 
John W. Fennimore. 
Jesse Richards. 
Amos W. Archer. 
Robert C. Hutchinson. 
Phlneas S. Bunting. 
Bowes Reed Brown. 
William W. Norcross. 
William Black. 
Levi Borton. 
Ellhu Mathis. 
Isaac Stokes. 
Thomas H. Richards. 
John C. Deacon. 
Benjamin Ridgway. 
Joseph Satterthwalt. 
Thomas Harrison. 
Thomas Harris. 
Isaiah Adams. 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 



173 



1776 to 1844. 
Cape May County. 



177G, Eli Eldrldge. 
70, Josepb Savage. 
76 — 77, Hugh Hathorne. 

77, 79, 84, 

Henry-Young Townsend. 
77—78, 80—81. 

Jeremiah Eldredge. 

78, Jobn Hand. 

78, 81, 87—88, 90— 90, 

Richard Townsend. 

79, James Wliilden. 
79, Jonathan Leaming. 

80, 83, Joseph lllldreth. 
80—82, 80— 88, 91— 93, 1804, 

Matthew Whilden. 
82—83, 85—80, John Baker. 
82, 84—92, 90, 98, 

Elijah Townsend. 

84, Levi Eldredge (IJesigned), 
85, 89—90, Nezer Swain. 

89, Eli Townsend. 

93, Ebenezer Newton. 



94, David Johnston. 
94 — 95, Eleazer Hand. 

95, Reuben Townsend. 
90, 99, 1801, Abijah Smith. 
97, 1800, Persons Leaming. 
1802 — 04, 10, Joseph Falkinburge. 
05—07, 09, 12—13, 

Thomas H. Hughes. 
00, 08, 11, 15—17, 18—19, 22, 
Nicholas Willits. 

13, Joshua Swain. 

14, Robert M. Holmes. 
20—21, 23, 20, 28—29, 

Joshua Townsend. 
24 — 25, 27, Israel Townsend. 
30 — 33, Jeremiah Leaming. 
34 — 35, Richard Thomson. 
30 — 37, Amos Corson. 
38—39, Thomas P. Hughes. 
40 — 41, Maurice Beesley. 
42 — 44, Reuben Willets. 



Ciiniberland County. 



177e— 77, 82—84, 80—87, 92, 


03—04, 




Ephraim Harris. 


04, 


76, 78, 82—83, 85—80, 90, 99, 


1800, 05—06, 




Jonathan Bowen. 


05—06, 


76—78, 


John Buck. 


06, 16, 


77, 94, 


Ephraim Seeley. 


00—07, 


78—79, 


James Ewlng. 


07—08, 


79, 91- 


-93, Joel Flthian. 


08—00, 


79, 


Timothy Elmer. 


09—15, 


80, 


Thomas Ewing. 


10, 


80, 


Samuel Ogden. 


12—13, 


80, 


Ladis Walling. 


34, 


81—83, 


Joshua Ewlng. 


• 15-10, 


81, 


Joshua Brick. 


15, 17, 


81, 


Josiah Seeley. 


10, 18, 


84, 


William Kelsey. 


17—18, 


84—85, 


87—89, 91—92, 


18—19, 




John Burgin. 


19— '--y. 


8.5—88, 


John Shepnard. 




8.S— 89, 


Eli Elmer. 


20—23, 


89—91, 


93—95, 1817, 19, 


22, 




Ebenezer Elmer. 


23—25, 


90, 1800, Richard Wood, Jr. 


24, 


93, 90—97, David IMoore. 


25, 


94—95, 


Benjamin Peck. 


26—29, 


95, 


Ebenezer Seeley. 


26—28, 


96—97, 


James Harris. 


29, 


98, 


Isaac Wheaton. 


29, 


98. 


John Sheppard, Jr. 


30—31, 


99 — 1802, George Burgin. 


80, 


1801—04, Aze; Pierson. 





Robert Smith. 
Abijah Davis. 
James Lee. 
Jedediah Ogden. 
James D. Westcott. 
Benjamin Champneys. 
Jonathan Moore. 
11, 13, Ephraim Bateman. 
Daniel Richman. 
Isaac Watts Crane. 
Stephen Willis. 
Thomas J.ee. 

20, 24, Nathan Leake. 
John S. Wood. 
Daniel Parvin. 

John Sibley. 

21, John Lanning, Jr. 
25—28, 30, 
William B. Ewlng. 
Lucius Q. C. Elmer. 
J. Mayhew. 

Ishrael Stratton. 
George Souder. 
Edmund Sheppard. 
Nathaniel Foster. 
36, Ellas P. Seeley. 
Philip Fithian. 
Michael Swing. 
Jeremiah Stratton. 
William D. Barrett. 



174 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY 



177G to 1844. 



31 — 32, John Lanning. 

31, Henry Sbaw. 

32, 43 — 44, Josiah Shaw. 

32, Reuben Hunt. 

33, Jeremiah Stull. 

33, Noah W. Fliinagan. 



33, 



34- 



William Lore. 
Thomas E. Hunt. 



34 — 35, 30, Isaac Newcoiiib. 
34, 30, Ephraim H. Whitaker 
(Whitecar). 

36, Peter Ladow. 

37, Noah W. Flanagin. 
37, Samuel Bowen. 



37, 


David Whitaker (White- 




car). 


38—30, 


Belford. M. Bonbam. 


38, 


David Jones. 


40, 


Lewis Rice. 


40—41, 


Benjamin F. Chew. 


40^1, 


William P. Seeley. 


41, 


Elmer Ogden. 


42, 


Thomas Ware. 


42, 


Joseph Butcher. 


42, 


John R. Cory. 


43—44, 


Daniel L. Burt. 


43^4, 


Joseph Taylor. 



E.ssex County. 



1776, 83 — 85, Abraham Clark. 
76—82, 03, Caleb Camp. 
76, 82—88, Henry Garritso. 

77, Edward Fleming. 
77—70, 81, Jacob Brookfield. 
78, 82, Isaac WoodruCf. 
70 — 80, Josiah Hornblower. 
80, 82—83, 85—86, 80, 03, 
Daniel Marsh. 

81, Samuel Potter. 

84, John Peck. 
86 — 87, 00, Jonathan Dnyton. 
87—00, 04—07, Jonas Wade. 
88 — 80, John Condit. 

00, Abraham Ogden. 
01—02, 04 — 06, Ellas Dayton. 
01—02, Matthias Williamson. 
91 — 02, Israel Hedden. 

93, 96, 08—1800, 06—07, 
Abraham Spear. 

04 — 05, James Hedden. 

07—00, William S. Pennington. 
97, Stansbury Recompence. 

08—1800, 05—06, 00. 16, 
Charles Clark." 

1800—01, Jabez Parkhurst. 

01, 04, 06, 10, Amos Harrison. 

01, Ralph Post. 
02—04, 07, 10, 24, 28, 

Abraham Godwin. 
02—04, 08—00, 13, 15, 17—18, 

Israel Day. 
02 — 04, Ezra Darby. 
04, 06, James Willcook. 
04, 06 — 00, Silas Whitehead. 
05—06, 10—15, 20—23, 25, 

Samuel Pennington. 
05 — 06, Moses Jacques. 
05—06, 17—18, William Gould. 

07, Abraham Vanhouten. 
08—09, 19, Nathan Squier. 



08, Andrew Wilson. 

10, Joseph Quinby. 

11, Thaddeus Mills. 
11, 14, Samuel Condit. 

11, Abraham Ackerman. 
12 — 13, 10, Charles Kinsey. 
12 — 14, James Wilson. 
12—13, 16, Silas Condit. 
14 — 15, Jonathan Dayton. 
15—16, 20, 22—23, John Dow. 

16, Isaac II. Williamson. 
17 — 10, Thomas T. Kinney. 
17—23. Samuel B. Miller. 
20, 26 — 27, Stephen D. Day. 
21 — 22, Philemon Dickersou. 

21, Caleb Halstead. 

23, 25, John Maun. 

24, Francis C. F. Randolph. 

24, 26—27, Amzi Dodd. 
24—26, 28. William Stites. 

25, John Travers. 

26, Brant Van Blarcom. 

27, Oliver S. Halsted. 
27 — 28, Dennis Coles. 

28, William Pennington. 

29, Joseph C. Hornblower. 

29, John J. ChetwGod. 
20, John Vail. 

20, Luther Little. 
30, 33, Cornelius G. A'anRiper. 
30—32, John J. Baldwin. 
30—32, Ira F. Randolph. 

30, Moses Smith. 

30, Stephen J. Meeker. 
31—32, David Martin. 
31 — 32, John P. Jackson. 
31—32, William Dickey. 
33—34, Asa Whitehead. 
33—34, John J. Bryant. 

33, Robert Morrell. 



< 



MEMBERS OP ASSEMBLY. 



175 



1776 to 1844. 



33—34, 


Gideon Eoss. 


39—40, 


34—35, 


Andrew Parsons. 


30^0, 


34, 


Jonas Smith. 


40-^1, 


35-30, 


Jacob inatt. 


40—41, 


35—30, 


Joseph N. Tuttle. 


40-^1, 


35—36, 


James W. Wade. 


41—44, 


35—30, 


John J. Chetwood. 


41, 


30—37, 


William J. Plerson. 


41—42, 


37, 


Stephen Dod. 


41^2, 


37—38, 


Alexander C. M. Penn- 


42—44, 




ington. 


42 — 44, 


37—38, 


John Llttell. 


42—44, 


37, 


Israel Crane. 


42—44, 


38—30, 


Edward Sanderson. 


43^4, 


38—30, 


William Stltes. 


43—44, 


38, 


Abraham V. Spear. 





James IT. Robinson. 
Samuel 11. Gardner. 
William B. Baldwin. 
Alexander Wilson. 
Benjamin F. Brookfield. 
Stephen Congar. 
Jonas Smith. 
David B. Lum. 
Jabez Cook. 
Lemuel W. Jacobus. 
Jotham Potter. 
Samuel C. Smith. 
Jephtha Baldwin. 
Isaac Van Wagenan. 
John Runyon. 



Gloucester County. 



76, 92, Richard Somers. 
70, Robert F. Price. 

76, 1801, Isaac Mickle. 

77, 78, Elijah Clark. 

77, John Wllkins, Jr. 
77, Isaac Toniliiison. 

78, 81—85, 87—03, 1803—04, 

Joseph Cooper. 
79 — SO, John Sparks. 

70, Joseph Low. 
79 — 80, Thomas Ileunard. 

80, Isaac Ka.v. 
81—83, 90, Samuel Ilugg. 
78, 81—85, 

Joseph Ellis (Resigned). 
84—88, 90—01, Thomas Clark. 

85. D.-ivid Davis. 
80 — 80, Franklin Davenport. 

80, John Kille. 
89, 03, 05—97, 1800, 02, 

.Vbel Clement. 
91—04, John Blackwood. 

04, Benjamin Wliitall. 
04, 99. Thomas Wilkins. 
05—07, 1800—02. Samuel French. 
95 — 90. Tliomas Somers. 

97, Daniel Leeds. 
98—99, Joslma L. Howell. 
98—1802. Samuel W. Harrison. 

98, James Wilkins. 
180.^— 00, Robert Newell. 
03—04. 15—10, Richard RIsley. 
05 — 00, Reuben Clark. 
0.5—00, Samuel G. Champion. 
00. 10—11, Matthew Gill. 
00—07. 10, Michael C. Fisher. 
07—08, 11, Jacob Glover. 

07 — 08, 10, Benjamin Rulon. 
08 — 09, Thomas Doughty. 



11, Joseph V. Clark. 

09, John Brick. 
-17, Isaac Pine. 

-13, Joseph C. S'vett. 

-13, Daniel Carrell. 

-14, 24, 20, 

Charles French (Jun.). 

14. Nicholas Ra|)e. 

-17, Edward Sharp. 

23, 28, John Estile (Estill). 

24, 20, Daniel Lake. 
-19, Samuel Kille. 

18, Samuel L. iJowell. 

10, Jeremiah J. Foster. 
10, Thomas Garwood. 
20, Jehu Wilson. 

20, William Tatem. 

23, John Moore White. 

-22, 25, 23, 34, 
John R. Scull. 

23, 28, Charles C. Stratton. 
-22. Joseph Kalghn. 

22, Isaac Micicle, Jr. 

-25, Benjamin B. Cooper. 

24, Thomas Chapman. 
-27, Thomas Bee. 

-28, 37 — 38, Joseph Porter. 

20, John W. Mickle. 

29, Isaac llinchman. 

-30, Japhet Ireland. 

-31, Jacob Ilowey. 

-31, 38 — 40, Charles Reeves. 

,30, Robert Ti. Armstrong. 

-32, Charles F. Wilkins. 

-32. Samuel B. Westeott. 

32, John Gill, Jr. 
38.^0, Elijah Bower. 

-35, Joseph Rogers. 

33, Jesse Smith. 



176 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 



33 — 35, William R. Cooper. 
34—35, Samuel R. Llppencott. 

35, Joseph Rndloott. 
36 — 38, Joseph W. Cooper. 
36 — 37, James W. Caldwell. 
36—37, David C. Ogden. 

36, John Richards. 
39 — 40, Joseph Franklin. 
39—40, 42. Richard W. Snowde 

41, Joseph L. Pierson. 



to 1844 


:. 


41—42, 


Thomas IT. Whitney. 


41, 


John B. Miller. 


41, 


Charles Kuiglit. 


42, 


Samuel C. Allen. 


42, 


Charles 11. French. 


43-44, 


Nathan T. Stratton. 


43^4, 


Thomas B. Wood. 


43 — 44, 


Benjamin Harding. 


I. 43^4, 


Samuel W. Cooper. 



1840, John S. Condit. 
41 — 42, Abraham L. Van Bos 
kerck. 



Hudson County. 

43 — 44, Benjamin F. Welch. 



Hunterdon County. 



1776—78, John ITart. 

76, 81, John Mehelra. 
76, Charles Coxe. 

77—78, 82, Nehemiah Dunham. 

77, 79—81, 83—88, 91—93, 95—98, 
1800, 02, 

Benjamin Van Cleve. 

78, David Chambers. 
79—80, Jared Sexton. 

79, William Gano. 

80 — 85, 88. John Lambert. 
82—84, Samuel Tucker. 
85 — 87, Joab Houghton. 
86—87, 89—90. 94. 

John Anderson. 

88. Robert Ta.vlor. 

89, Joshua Corslien. 
89, Charles Axford. 

?0 — 92, Thomas Lowrcy. 

90, 92, John Tavlor. 

91, 93—98. 1800. ■•2. 

Aaron D. Woodruff. 
93—98, 1800. 02. Simon Wyckoff. 

93, Samuel Stout. 
94-95, David Frazer. 
96—97, 99—1800. 02, 

Steplien Burrows. 

97, Samuel R. Stewart. 

98, Joseph Beavers. 
98—99, 1801, 03—08. 

Joseph Hanklnson. 
99—1801. 0.3—00. 17. John. Haas. 

99, John T.equear. 
1801, 03 — 06. Nathan Stont. 
01—03, Peter Gordon. 

04, Hugh Run.von. 

04. Ellett Tucker. 
on — 06, OS, Joshua Wriirht. 
06 — 14. Aaron VanHyckle. 



"07, John Dowers. 

07 — 11, 21, Moses Stout. 

09—11, 22, James J. Wilson. 

10, Elnathan Stevenson. 

11, Thomas Prall, Jr. 
12-13, William Potts. 
12—13, David Manners. 
12—13, Benjamin Wright. 
13—14, Edward Yard. 
13—14, Samuel Barber. 
13—14, John Opdycke. 
1.5—10, John Farlee. 
15—17, William Nixon. 
15—16, 18—20, 23. 

Abraham Stout. 

1(V— 17, Thomas Prall. 

17—18, Robert McNeelv. 

18—19, 27—29, Isaac G. Farlee. 

18—2,3, George MaxwoH. 

19, 21, Isaac Taylor. 

20, Israel Taylor. 

20—21, 25—27. Thomas Capner. 

22, Levi Knowles. 

22, 27, Garret D. Wall. 

2,3—28, 30—32, Enoch Clifford. 

2.3—24, David Johnston. 

24—26, Asa C. Dunham. 
24, 28—31, Alexander Wurts. 

2.5-26, 30, 33, Jolin Barton. 

28 — 29, Stacv O. Potts. 

29, Gabriel Hoff. 

30— .33, Edward S. Mcllvaine. 

30— .32, 34 — .35. Wllllnm Marshall. 

31 — 32, Cornelius Ludlow. 

3.3—34, William 11. Sloan. 

33—34. Sutphin Garrison. 

33, Andrew Weart. 
33—34. John W. T'line. 

34, William .McKoe. 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 



177 



1770 to 1844. 



35 — 36, Joseph Brown. 
35—37, John Hall. 
35 — 36, Wilson Bray. 
35^36, John Blane. 

36, Andrew Larason. 

37, James A. Phillips. 
37—38, David Neiglibour. 

37, 43^4, Jonathan Pickel. 

37, John n. IluJman. 
38—40, Philip Ililer. 



38, James Sny.ier. 
39 — 40, George Servis. 
39 — 40, Joseph Exton. 

41, Jonathan Dawes. 
41 — 42, Leonard IT. Flomerfelt. 
41 — 42, John B. Mattison. 
41 — 42, Isaac R. Srope. 
43 — 44, John Swackliauier. 
43—44, John II. Case. 
43 — 44, Joseph Johnson. 



Mercer County. 



1838 — 39, Joslah S. Worth. 

38, Robert C. Hutchinson. 
39—40, William Rosoo. 

40, James Wilson. 

41, Isaac Baker. 

41, Isaac W. I.anning. 



41—42, John B. Mount, 

42, Isaac Batten. 

42, Henry W. Green. 
43—44, Israel J. Woodward. 
43 — 44, Richard J. Bond. 
43 — 44, John Lowry. 



^liddlesex County. 



1776, 82—88, 91, 99, 1802, 


06—10, 




John Combs. 




1776, 


Daniel Moores. 


06—07, 


7(>— 78, 


94—95. 99, 


08—10. 




Benjamin Manning. 


11, 


77, 79, 


Matthias Baker. 


11, 


77, 


Jacob Vandike. 


11. 17, 


78, 80, 


Jacob Scbeuok. 


14—15, 


78, 


Ebenezer Ford. 


14, 


70, 


John Neilson. 


16, 


79, 


Thomson Stelle. 


16—18. 


80—82, 


Jacob Kuydam. 


17— 18. 


80, 88. 


Melanctlion Freeman. 


19, 25, 


81. 


Jacob Martin. 


19, 21- 


81—82. 


John Conger. 


19—22, 


83—85, 


88, James Scluiurman. 


20—26, 


83, 


Samuel Fitz-Raudolph. 




84, 


Moses Bloomfleld. 


23—24, 


8.'>— 80, 


87, 80, James Bonney. 


23—24, 


8G-87, 


J:imes Douglass. 


27—28, 


89, 


John Beatty. 


28, 


89—90, 


92—93, on. 98. 


29, 




Thomas McDowell. 


29. 


90—05, 


Peter Vredenbergli. 


29, 


90—92, 


John Runyan. 


30—31, 


93, 


John Rattoone. 


30—31, 


94-08. 


.lames Morgran. 


31—32, 


06. 


Joseph F. Randolph. 


32, 


97 — 1804. Gf>rshoni Dunn. 


32, 


97. 


Andrew Kirkpatrick. 


32, .34, 


1800, 14—15. William Edgar. 


33. 


1800—01, John Neilson. 


33. 


01—00, 


12—13. 20. 


33. 36. 




Erkuries Beatty. 


3.3— .34. 


0.3—10. 


12 — 13, James Voorhees. 


34—35. 


05—06. 


Andrew Elston. 


34—35. 



12—13. 15—16, 18, 27, 
James Parker. 
Alexander Dunn. 
George Boice. 
John Brewster. 
John L. Anderson. 
26, James T. Dunn. 
John N. Simpson. 
Alexander Dunn. 
Ilezekiah Smith. 
Allison Ely. 
Frazee Ayres. 
27—28, Charles Carb^on. 
-22, Samuel Edgar. 
25—26, James Cook. 
30—31, 

John T. McDowell. 
James F. Randolph. 
David Schenck. 
Andrew Snowhill. 
Nicholas Boorat'm. 
Littleton Kirki^atriok. 
Abraham Cruser. 
Josiah B. Howell. 
Lewis S. Randolph. 
Charles G. McChesney 
David W. Vail. 
John H. Disborough. 
Simeon i.Iundy. 
Henry Vandyke. 
John M. Tufts. 
.\bral)am W. Brown 
Samuel C. Jo'mcs. 
.37. Richard S. Field 
Ralph M. Crowell. 
Ellas Runyon 



178 



MEMBERS OP ASSEMBLY. 



177G to 1844. 



35 — 38, George P. Malleson. 

35, George T. McDowell. 

36, Thompson EJgar. 

36, William C. Alexauder. 
37—38, David B. Appleget. 
37—39, Lewis GoKling. 

38, 40, Adam Lee. 

39, Frederick Richmond. 

39, 41, David Dunn. 

39, Cornelius C. Crnser. 



40 — 41, John Acken. 

40, Israel R. Coriell. 

40, Dean Brltton. 

41, Frazee A.vres. 

41, Aaron Gulick. 
42—44, John D. Field. 

42, Warren Brown. 

42 — 44, William Patterson. 

42—44, William L. Schenck. 

43-^4, Joel B. Laing. 



^loiinioiith County. 



1776, 81— 8£, 92, 

John Covenhoven. 

76, Joseph Holmes, Jr. 
76 — 79, James Mott, Jr. 
77—78, 86, Peter Schenck. 
77 — 79, Hendrick Smock. 
79—81, Thomas Seabrook. 

80, Nathaniel Scudder. 
80 — 84, Thomas Henderson. 
82—85, Daniel Ilendrickson. 

83, Peter Covenhoven. 
84—86, 94—95, Eiisha Walton. 
85—1801, Joseph Stillwell. 
87—93, Thomas Little. 
87 — 89, James Rogers. - 
90—91, 93—96, John (IT.) Imlay, 

96, William Wickoff. 

97, 1808, Robert Montgomery. 
97—1800, William Lloyd. 

98, 1800, 08, David Gordon. 

09, Edward Taylor. 
1801 — 07, James Cox. 
01—04, 10—11, Peter Knott. 
01—07, John A. Scudder. 

04 — 07, 00. ITenry Tiebout. 
08, 12—13, Tylee Williams. 

00, Silas Crane. 
09—10, 13—14. John S. Holmes. 
10—11, 13—14, 19—20, 

Thomas Cox. 
n, 13 — 14, James Anderson. 
12—13, John Stillwell. 
12—13, 23, 25—28. James Lloyd. 
15 — 16, Georee IToleombe. 
15—18, 20, Matthias Van Barkle. 
15 — 18, Reuben Slireve. 
17 — 19, 21, Charles Parker. 
18—19, William Ten Eycke. 

10, Jacob Butcher. 
20, Samuel F. Allen. 



21- 


-24, 


21- 


-22, 


21- 


-27, 




22. 




23, 


24- 


-26, 


24- 


-30. 




27, 


28- 


-30, 




28, 


29- 


-30, 


29- 


-30, 


31, 


33, 


31- 


-36, 


31, 


33- 


31, 


33- 




32, 



34- 



32, 



37, 



37, 

37, 

38—39, 

38—39, 

38—39. 

38—30, 

40. 

40, 

40, 

40, 

41—44, 

41—44, 

41—44, 

41—44, 

41—44, 



Isaac Ilance. 

William I. Conover. 

Corlis Lloyd. 

John T. Woodhull. 

John J. Ely. 

Cornelius Availing. 

Joseph Conover. 

James West. 

James TIop!)ing. 

Daniel IL Ellis. 

Leonard Walling. 

Augustus W. Bennett. 

Ivins (W.) Davis. 

Benjamin Woodward. 

Annaniah Gifford. 
-35, Daniel B. Rvnll. 
-30, Thomas G. Height. 

James S. Lawrence. 

Nicholas Van Wickle. 

Eiisha Llppincott. 

William Eurtis. 

Arthur V. Conover. 

Samuel Mairs. 

Edmund T. Williams. 

Thomas Miller. 

James Gnlick. 

James Craig. 

Thomas E. Combs. 

William P. Fornian. 

Garret Iliors. 

John Meirs. 

Henry W. Wolcott. 

James Grover. 

Charles Morris. 

Thomas C. Tlirockmortou 

John R. Conover. 

Joseph Brinley. 

Benjamin L. Irons. 

Samuel R. Ollphnnf 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 



179 



177« to 1844. 
Morris County. 



1776 — 78, Jacob Drake. 
7G— 77, 79, 81—90, Ellis Cook. 
76—77, William Woodhull. 
78—79, Abraham Kitcbel. 
78, 95, David Thomson. 

79. Alexander Carmiohael. 

80, William Winds. 
80, John Carle. 

80, Eleazer lind'^ly. 
81—82, 84, 86—90, 93—94. 97, 
1801—04, 09. 

Aaron Kltchel. 
81—83. 85—88. 91, 95, 
John Starke. 
83, Jonathan Dickerson. 
84—85. 89—90. Jacob Arnold. 
91—94, 96—98. 1800, Silas Condit 
91—92, Iliram Smith. 

92, John Wnrts. 
93—94, 96—07, 1800, 
David Welsh. 

95, John Debow. 

96, John Cobb, 
98—99, 1801—04, 

William Corwin. 
98 — 1800, Cornelius Voorhees. 

99, William Cam\>fleld. 
1802—04, Jonathan Ogden. 
04 — 06, Jesse Upson. 
05—09, Lewis Condlct. 
05—06, George Tucker. 
06 — 08, Nicholas Neighbour. 
07—13, Stephen Dod. 
10 — 14, Jephthab B. Muun. 
10, 13—15, Nicholas Mandeville. 
11 — 13, Mahlon Dickerson. 
13, 31, Leonard Neighbor. 
14 — 22, David Thompson, Jr. 
15—16, 19, Benjamin Condit. 
15—16, Ezekiel Kitchell. 
16—18, Samuel ITalllday. 
17—18, John S. Darcv. 
17, 21—22, 24, 

Benjamin McCurry (Mc- 

Courry). 
18—19, 21—24, 32, 

William Brlttin. 
19—20, Silas Cook. 



20—21, 

20, 

22 23 

23—26', 

24, 
25—26, 
25—27, 
26, 35, 

27, 

27,' 
28—30, 
28—30, 
28—30, 

31, 
31, 33- 
31, 35, 



33—34. 

33—35, 

33—34, 

35, 

36, 

36, 

36, 

36, 

37—38, 

37—38, 

37—38, 

37—38, 

39—40, 

39-^0, 

39, 

39^0, 

40—41, 

41, 

41—42, 

41, 

42, 

42, 

42—44, 

43^4, 

43-^4, 

43—44, 



23, 28—30, 
William Monro. 
Benjamin Smith. 
25, Ebenezer F. Smilh 
George K. Drake. 
John Scott. 
Joseph Dickerson. 
Ephraim Marsii. 
John D. Jackson. 
David Mills. 
Stephen Thompson. 
Walter Kirkpatrlck. 
Joseph Jackson. 
Charles Ilillard. 
John Hancock. 
Elijah Ward. 
-34, Thomas Mulr. 
James Cook. 
Samuel Beach. 
Jacob W. Miller. 
Joseph Smith. 
Joseph Dickerson, Jr. 
Henry Hllliard. 
Silas Lindsley. 
Isaac Qulmby. 
John A. Bleeker. 
William Delllcker. 
Alexander Dickerson. 
William Logan. 
Lewis Comlict. 
Silas Tuttle. 
Robert C. Stephens. 
Ezekiel B. Gaines. 
Abraham Erittln. 
Ebenezer F. Smith. 
Jacob Weise. 
Paul B. De Bow. 
James W. Drake. 
Samuel B. Ilalsey.. 
William Stei>hens. 
Thomas C. Willis. 
Samuel C. Halsey. 
David T. Cooper. 
James Clark. 
John M. Losey. 
Samuel Wlllet. 
George Vail. 



Pn.s.ssiic County. 



1837, Aaron S. Pennington. 
37—38, Henry AL Brown. 
38—39, Elisha Clarke., 
39 — 40, John F. Ryerson. 

40, James Speer. 

41, George M. RyersoD. 



41, Samuel A. Van Saun. 

42, Martin I. Ryerson. 

42. Adrian R. Van llouten. 
43 — 44, William S. Hogencamp. 
43 — 44, Thaddeus Board. 



180 



MEMBERS OP ASSEMBLY. 



1770 to 1844. 
Salem Coimty. 



1776, 86, 89, Edmund Wetherby. 

76, Samuel Dick. 

76, Elisba Basset, Jr. 
77, 87 — 89, Benjamin Holme. 
77—79, Whitten Cripps. 

77, 82, 84—85, 87—88, 

Thomas Sinnickson. 

78, 80, Allen Congleton, Jr. 
78 — 80, John Mayhew. 

79, 82, 84—85, Anthony Sharp. 

80, 84, William Smith. 

81, 83, 86, Ephraim Lloyd. 
81—82, 84—85, 87—89, 

Edward Hall. 
81, James James. 
83, Thomas Norris. 
86, 90—91, Samuel Sharp. 
90, John Smith. 
90, Benjamin Cripps. 

91, 93, Bateman Lloyd. 

91 — 95, 98, John Sinnickson. 
92 — 95, 1800, Eleazer Mayhew. 

92, 94, Thomas Clement. 
95—97, William Wallice. 

96, William Parret. 

96, Gervas Hall. 

97, Clement Hall. 

97, 99, 1801, Artis Seagrave. 

98, 1800, Anthony Keasby. 
98 — 99, Joseph Shinn. 
99—1800, Isaac Moss. 

1801 — 04, Edward Burroughs. 

01 — 04, Merryman Smith. 

02 — 04, Samuel Ray. 

04 — 14, Jeremiah Dubois. 

05 — 06, Charles Jones. 

05 — 06, Hedge Thompson. 

06 — 08, Daniel Garrison. 

06, Daniel Tracy. 
07—08, Nathan Bassett. 
09—10, 17, Philip Curriden. 
09, 11, John Smith. 

10, Samuel Miller. 

11, Anthony Nelson. 
12—13, Robert H. Van ureter. 
12 — 15, 19, James Newell. 

13 — 14, John Dickinson. 
13, 26—27, Henry Freas. 
15—16, Joseph Kille. 

15, 19 — 20, 22, Morris Hancock. 
16 — 18, Stacy Lloyd. 

16, 18, John Mayhew. 

17, Peter Bilderback. 

18, Thomas Yarrow. 



19, 

20, 30, 
20—21 

21, 23 
21, 23 

22 

22, 

23, 

24—26 

24—25 

24 

26, 

27, 29, 

27 

28, 

28 

28, 

29, 

29, 31 

30, 

30 

31 

31 

32 

32 

32, 34 

33 

33 

33 

34 

34 

35—36 

35 

35 

36, 

36 

37 

37, 42, 

38, 

38—39 

38—39, 

39 

40, 

40, 

40, 

41 

41 

41 

42 

42 

43—44 

43 — 44 

43—44 



Thomas Murphy. 
Zaccheus Ray. 
John G. Mason. 
25, Robert G. Johnson. 
Abraham Swing. 
Jonathan Ricnman. 
John Sinnickson. 
Aaron O. Dayton. 
Samuel Humphreys. 
Israel R. Clawson. 
Samuel Clement. 
Benjamin Archer. 
William N. Jeff ere. 
Thomas Sinnickson. 
Edward Smith. 
Jeremiah Foster. 
William J. Shinn. 
Jacob Wick. 
David Hurley. 
Joseph 0. Nelson. 
John Summerill. 
James Butcher. 
Isaac Johnson. 
Anthony Nelson. 
James W. ivfulford. 
37, Isaac Johnson, 2d. 
Nehemiah Garrison. 
Richard P. Thompson. 
Jacob Hitchner. 
Samuel Humphreys. 
Joseph Lippencott. 
Hudson A. Springer. 
Thomas J. Yorke. 
William Cook. 
Woodnut Petit. 
H. J. Fries. 
John Hall. 
John W. Maskell. 
Joseph Hancock. 
John Sumerille, Jr. 
Moses Richman, Jr. 
David Hurley. 
John Dickinson. 
Samuel Bolton. 
Alexander G. Cattell. 
John G. Ballinger. 
William H. Nelson. 
Thomas Flanagan. 
Nathaniel Bobbins, Sr. 
Thomas Dickinson, Jr. 
Samuel Capner. 
Allen Wallace. 
Thomas Bilderback. 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 



181 



1770 to 1844. 
Somerset County. 



177G, Jacob Bogart. 

76, Alexander MacEowen. 
70, Keoloff Vandike. 

77_78, WilUam-Cburcbill Hous- 
ton. 

77, Alexander Kirkpatrlck. 
77 — 79, Reoloff yebring. 

78, 80—81, 84, 

David Kirkpatrlck. 
79 — 88, 94, Edward Bunn. 

79, Henry Vandike. 
80. 84, Christopher Hoagland. 
81 — 82, John Schuurman. 

82, Deick Longstreet. 

83, Cornelius Ten-Broeck. 

83, 89, John Witherspoon. 

84, 1800—04, 

Frederick Frellnghuysen. 
g5 gg 92 

Robert Blalre (Blair). 
85—87, David Kelley. 

88, John Hardenbergli. 
89, 1812—13, 

Jacob R. Hardenburgh. 
90 — 91, 93, 95, Robert Stockton. 
90—91, 94—96. 1811—13, 

Peter D. Vroom. 
90 — 91,- James Linn. 

92, William Wallace. 
92—99, 1811, Henry Southard. 

93, Jonathan Ford Morris. 
96—1810, 12—14, 

James Van Duyn. 

97, John Stryker. 

98. David Kelly. 
99—1806, 11, 

William McEowen. 



1804, 16—19, 22—23, 

James Stryker. 

04, John Annin. 
05 — 10, Peter I. Stryker. 

07, Samuel Swah. 
08 — 10, John N. Slippeon. 
13—15, Samuel Bayard. 
13 — 19, Joseph Annin. 

15, Andrew Howell. 

IG, Cornelius Van Horn. 
17—19, Martin Schenck. 
20—21, 23—25, Dickinson Miller 
20—25, 30—31, Jacob Kline. 
20—21, John H. Dlsborough. 

22, Henry Vanderveer. 
24—27, James S. Green. 
26 — 27, James D. Stryker. 
26—27, 29, Peter D. Vroom, Jr. 
28 — 29, James S. Nevlus. • 

28, William C. Annin. 

28, John H. Voorhees. 
29—31, Ferdinand S. Schenck. 
30—31, 35, William Cruser. 
32—34, John Brees. 
32—34, William D. Stewart. 
32 — 34, Cornelius L. Ilardenburg. 
35 — 36, Nicholas C. Jobs. 

35, William D. McKlssack. 
36 — 38, David T. Talmage. 
36 — 38, Henry Duryee. 
37—38, Ralph* Voorliees. 
39 — 41, Henry H. Wilson. 
39 — 41, Daniel Cory. 
39 — 41, Arthur V. P. Sutphln. 
42 — 44, Samuel Reynolds. 
42 — 44, Peter Voorhees. 
42 — 44, Peter Kline. 



SiLssex County. 



177 


6 — 78. Casper Shaffer. 




82, 


76- 


76, 
-77, 


Abia Brown. 
Thomas Peterson. 


82- 


-92, 
83, 




77, 


John MacMurtie. 


84- 


-89, 




78, 


Jacob MacCollum. 


85- 


-88. 




78, 


Benjamin MacCullough. 


89- 


-90, 




79, 


Mark Thompson. 




90, 


79, 


81, 


Peter Hopkins. 


91- 


-92, 




79. 


Anthony Broderick. 


91- 


-92, 




80, 


Edmund Martin. 








80, 


Hugh Hughes. 


93- 


-90, 




80, 


Samuel Kennedy. 


93- 


-94, 




81, 


Joshua Swayze. 


93- 


-97, 


81- 


-84, 


Isaac Van-Campen. 




95, 



Isaac Martin. 
Aaron Ilanklnson. 
William Maxwell. 
Charles Beardslee. 
Christopher Longstreet. 
John Rutlierford. 
Robert Ogden. 
William Helmes (Helms). 
Bldleman Voluntlne (Val- 
entine). 

99, William McCullough. 
Martin Ryerson. 
Peter Sharp. 
George Armstrong 



182 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 



177C to 1844. 



96—97, Peter Smith. 20, 

97, Thomas Armstrong. 20, 
97—98, John Gustln. 20, 23, 
98 — 1800, Joseph Gaston. 21—22, 
98—1800, Levi Jlowell. 21—22, 

98, William Runkle. 

09—1802. Silas Dickerson. 21, 

1800, 04—00, 10—12, 21—22, 
Joseph Sharp. 23, 

01—04, John Linn. 23, 25- 
01-04, Abraham Shaver. 24, 

03—04, John Johnson. 24, 

04—00, 08—11, 24, 

William Kennedy. 25, 

05—06, William Armstrong. 26 — 27, 

00—08, Henry ILinkinson. 28—31, 

00, John Conrsen. 28 — 29, 

00—07, Daniel Ilarker. 30—31, 

00, William A. Ryerson. 30 — 31, 

07—09, Aaron Iverr. 32 — 34, 

07—09, John Cox. 32—33, 

09—11, Richard Edsall. 34—35, 

10, George Bidleman. 35—36, 

11, Garret Vleit. 35—30, 
12—15, Simon Cortright. 36, 
12 — 15, James Davison. 37—38, 
12—15, Robert W. Rutherford. 37—38, 
13—15, Josei)h Sharp. 37—38, 
16 — 17, Abraham Bidleman. 39 — 40, 
16 — 19, Robert C. Thomson. 39 — 40, 

16, William Darrah. 39—40, 

10, Deter Decker. 41 — 42, 

17— 19, George Beardslee. 41 — 42, 

17 — 19, Jeremy Mackey. 41 — 42, 

18—19, 22—23, 43—44, 

Thomas Teasdale, Jr. 43 — 44, 

20, Jacob ilornbeck. 43 — 44, 



Abraham Shaver. 
Peter Kline. 
Joseph Coryell. 
Leffert Ilaughawouv. 
32—34, 

Benjamin ITaniilton. 
Jacob Ayres. 
24, James lOgbert. 
Abraham Newman. 
-27, Josepii Clian<ller. 
Daniel Swayze. 
Evl A. Sayer. 
Joseph Edsall. 
Nathan A. Shafer. 
Iliram Munson. 
Peter Jlerkel. 
James Evans. 
Simeon McCoy. 
John Hull. 
Joseiih Greer. 
Peter \Vjnng. 
Joshua Shay. 
John Strader. 
Joseph Linn. 
Benjamin Hull. 
William J. Willson. 
Isaac Shiner. 
John Hull. 
Samuel Truex. 
William H. Nyce. . 
Joseph Greer. 
Isaac Bonnell. 
David Ilynard. 
Nathan Smith. 
Jesse Bell. 
Absalom Dunning. 
Timothy II. Cok. 



Wjsrren County. 



1825, James Egbert. 34, 

25, Daniel Swayze. 34—37, 

26, Archibald Robertson. 34, 
26—27, Jacob Armstrong. 35—36, 
27—28, Jonathan Robbius. 37—38, 
28—29, Daniel Vlelt. 37—38, 

29, Jacob Summers. 38—39, 

30, Samuel Wilson. 39—41, 
30—32, 35—36, 39—41, 

Caleb IT. Valejitine. 40—42, 

30—31, Richard Shackelton. 42—44, 

31, 33, Charles Sitgreaves. 42 — 44, 

32—33, John Blair. 43—44, 
32 — 33, Isaac Shipman. 



Jacob Brotzman. 
George Flummerfelt. 
Henry Ilankinson. 
John Young. 
William Larrison. 
Henry Van Nest. 
Samuel Slioemaker. 
George W. Smyth. 
John Moore. 
Jacob IT. Winter. 
Stephen Warne. 
Abraham Wildrlck. 
Robert C. Caskey. 



STATE SENATORS. 



183 



STATE SENATORS. 



BY COLXTIES, FROM 1S45 TO 1910. 



Atlantic County. 



45—47, 
48—50, 
51—53, 
54—56, 
57—59, 
60—62, 
03—65, 
66—08, 
69—71, 



Joel Adams. 
Lewis M. Walker. 
Joseph E. Potts. 
David B. Soniers. 
Enoch Cordery. 
Thomas E. Morris. 
Samuel Stllle. 
David S. Blackraan. 
Jesse Adams. 



72 — 74, William Moore. 
75 — 77, Ilosea F. Madden. 
78—92, John J. Gardner. 
9.3 — 08, Samuel D. Hoffman. 
99—1901, Lewis Evans. 
02—07, Edward S. Lee. 
08—11, Edward A, Wilson. 
11—10, Walter E. Edse. 
17, 18, Emerson L. Kichardfc 



Bergen County. 



45—47, 
48—49, 
50—51, 
52—53. 
54—50, 
57—59, 
60—62, 
63—65, 
60—68, 
69—71, 
72—74, 



Richard R. Paullson. 
Isaac I. Harding. 
Jolin Van Brunt. 
-Abraham Hopper. 
Daniel D. Depew. 
Thomas H. Herring. 
Ralph S. Demarest. 
Daniel Holsman. 
John Y. Dater. 
James J. Brinkerhoff. 
Cornelius Lydecker. 



75 — 77, George Dayton. 

78 — 80, Cornelius S. Cooper. 

81—83, Isaac Wortendyke. 

84—85, Ezra Miller. 

86 — 89, John W. Bogert. 

90 — 95, Henry D. Wlnton. 

96—1900, William M. Johnson. 

01 — 11, Edmund W. Wakelee. 

11 — 14, Jas. A. C. Johnson. 

14 — 17, Charles O'C. Hennes.sy. 

17 — 20, William B. Mackay, Jr. 



Burlington County. 



45 — 46, 
47—49, 
50—52, 
53—58, 
59—61, 
62, 
63—04, 
65—07, 
68—70, 
71—73, 
74—76, 
77—79, 



James S. Hulme. 
Thomas H. IMchards. 
Joseph Satterthwalte. 
Joseph W. Allen. 
Thomas L. Norcross. 
Joseph W. Pharo. . 
William Garwood. 
Geo. M. Wright. 
Job H. Gaskell. 
Henry J. Irlck. 
Barton F. Thorn. 
Caleb G. lUdgway. 



80—82, Wm. Budd Deacon. 

83—85, Ilezekiah B. Smith. 

86—91, William H. Carter. 

92—94, Mitchell B. Perkins. 

95—97, William €. Parry. 
98 — 1900, Howard E. Packer. 

01 — 03, Nathan Haines. 

04—06, John G. Horner. 

07—09, Samuel K. Kobbins. 

10—13, Griffith W. Lewis. 

13—10, Blanchard IT. White. 

IG— I'l', Ilai-old B. Wells. 



Camden County. 



45. 
46—48, 
49—51, 
52—54, 
55—60, 
01—63, 
64—00, 
67—72, 
73—81, 



Richard W. Howell. 
Joseph C. Stafford. 
John Gill. 

Thomas W. Mulford. 
John K. Roberts. 
William P. Tatem. 
James M. Scovel. 
Edward Bettle. 
William J. Sewell. 



82—84, Albert Merrltt. 

85 — 87, Richard N. Herring. 

8.S — 90, George Pfeiffer, Jr. 

91—96, Maurice A. Rogers. 
97—1902, Herbert W. Johnson. 

03—12, William J. Bradley. 

12—16, William T. Read. 

17, John B. Kates. 

18—21, Joshua C. Haines. 



184 



STATE SENATORS. 



Cape May County. 



45—46, 
47—49, 
50—52, 
53—55, 
56—58, 
59—61, 
62—64, 
65—67, 
6»— 70, 
71—73, 
74—76. 
77—79. 



Reuben Wlllets. 
James L. Smith. 
Enoch Edmunds. 
Joshua Swain, Jr. 
Jesse n. Dlverty. 
Downs Edmunds. 
Jonathan F. Leamlng. 
Wllmon W. Ware. 
Leamlng M. Ulce. 
Thomau Beesley. 
Richard S. L^amlnf; 
Jonathan F. Leamlng. 



Waters B 
80—88, Joseph H. 
89—91, Walter S. 
92—04, Lemuel E 
95 — 97, Edmund I 
98—1903, Robert 
04—06, Lewis M. 
07—13, Robert E. 
13—16. Harry C. 
16—19. 1 p\vi.s T. 
lit— I'L', William 



. Miller, 

Hanes. 

Leamlng. 
. MiUeiv 
J. Ross. 
E. Hand. 
Cressti. 

Hand. 

Wheaton. 

Stevens. 
II. Bright. 



Cumberland County. 



45-46, 
47—50, 
51—53. 
54—56. 
57—59, 
60—62, 
63—68, 
69—71, 
72—74, 
75—77, 



Enoch H. More. 
Stephen A. Garrison. 
Reuben Flthian. 
Lewis Howell. 
John L. Sharp. 
Nat. Stratton. 
Providence Ludlam. 
James H. Nixon. 
C. Henry Shepherd. 
J. Howard Wlllets. 



78—80, George S. Whltlcar. 
81 — 88, Isaac T. Nichols. 
87—89, Philip P. Baker. 
90—92, Seaman R. Fowler. 
93—1901, Edward C. Stokes. 
02—11, Bloomfleld H. Mlnch. 
11 — 14, Isaac T. Nichols. 
14—17, John A. Ackley. 
17 — 20, J. Hampton Fitbian. 



Essex County. 



45, 
4fV— i8, 
49—51, 
52—54, 
55—57, 
58—60, 
61—63. 
64—66, 
67—69, 
70—75, 
7^5—78, 
79—81, 



Joseph S. Dodd. 
Stephen R. G rover. 
Asa Whitehead. 
Stephen Cougar. 
George R. Chetwood. 
Charles L. C. Glfford. 
James M. Qulnby. 
John G. Trusdell. 
James L. Hays. 
John W. Taylor. 
William \\. Kirk. 
William II. Francis. 



82—84, William Stalnsby. 
85—87, Frederick S. Fish. 
8»— 90, A. F. R. Martin. 
91—93, Michael T. Barrett. 
94 — 99, George W. Ketcham. 
1900—02, Thos. N. McCarter, Jr. 
03 — 05, J. Henry Bacheller. 
06—09, Everett Colby. 
09—12, Harry V. Osborne. 
12 — 16, Austen Colgate. 

IT, Edmund B. Osborne. 
18 — 21, Charles C. Pilgrim. 



Gloucester County. 



45 — 18, 
49—51, 
52—54, 
55—57, 
58—60, 
61—63, 
64—66, 
67—69, 
70—75, 
76—78. 
79—81. 



John C. Smallwood. 
Charles Reeves. 
John Burk. 
Joseph Franklin. 
Jeptha Abbott. 
John Pierson. 
Joseph L. Reeves. 
Woodward Warrick. 
Samuel Ilojiklns. 
Thomas P. Mathers. 
John F. Bodine. 



82—83, Thomas M. Ferrell. 
84 — 87, Stacy L. Pancoast. 
88 — 90, Joseph B. Roe. 
91—93, George H. Barker. 
94 — 96, Daniel J. Packer. 
97—1902. Solomon II. Stanger. 
03 — 05, Thomas M. Ferrell. 
06—09, John Boyd Avis. 
09—18. George W. F. Gaunt. 
IS— 21. Edward L. Stursress. 



STATE SENATORS. 



185 



IIudHon Connty. 



45—47. 
4S-49, 

no, 

51—53, 
54—56, 
57—59, 
60— «1, 
62—65, 
6U— 68, 
69—71, 
72—74. 
75—77, 
78—80, 



45—46. 
47^19. 
50—62, 
53—55. 
56—58. 
59—61. 
62—64. 
65—07, 
68—70. 
71—73. 
74—76. 
77—79. 



45—50, 
51—56, 
57—59, 
60—62, 
63—65, 
66—68, 
69—71, 
72—74, 
75—77. 
7^—80, 



45—46. 
47—49, 
50—52, 
53—55, 
56—58, 
59—61. 
62—70, 
71—76, 
77—79, 
80—82. 
83—85, 



Rlohnrd Cutwater. 
Jolin Tonnele. 
John CaBfiedy. 
Abrahain O. Zabrlskle. 
Moses B. Rrainliall. 
C. V. Cllckener. 
Samuel Westcott. 
Theo. F. Ranflol[)h. 
Charles H. VVlnfleld. 
Noah D. Taylor. 
John It. McPherson. 
I.€on Abbett. 
Rudolph F. Rabe. 



81—83, Elijah T. Paxon. 

84—80, William Rrinkerhoff. 

87—89, WUIl.im D. Edwards. 

90—91, 'Edward F. McDonald. 

92, Robert S. IludHi.eth. 

92—98. William D. Daly. 
99—1900. Allan L. McDermott. 

01—04, Robert S. Iludsei.tti. 

05 — 07, James F. Mlnturn. 

08—13, •♦James V. Fielder. 

14—17, Charles M. Egan. 

17—18, Corneliii.s A. M.<;i<-iiii..n. 

19, Edward I. Edwards. 



Hunterdon Coanty. 



Alexander Wurts. 
Isaac O. Farlee. 
John Manners. 
Alexander V. Bonnell. 
John C. Rafferty. 
Edmund Perry. 
John Blane. 
Alexander Wurts. 
Joseph a. Bowne. 
David II. Banghart. 
Fred A. Potts. 
James .N. Pldcock. 



80 — 82, Ell Bosenbury. 
83 — 85, John Carpenter, Jr. 
86 — 88, Oeorge H. Large. 
89—01, Mobes K. E.^rltt. 
02—94. William H. Martin. 
95—97. Richard S. Kuhl. 
98—1900. John R. Foster. 
01—03, William C. Gebhardt. 
04 — 06, George F. Martens, Jr. 
07—13, William C. Gebhardt. 
i:{ -U'2. (U-oV'Si- v. Marl. -IIS, Jr. 



Mercer County. 



Charles S. Olden. 
William C. Alexander. 
Robert C. Ilutclilnson. 
Jonathan Cook. 
Edward W. Scudder. 
Aug. G. Rlcliey. 
John Woolverton. 
Charles Hewitt. 
Jonathan II. Blackwell. 
Crowell Marsh. 



81—83. John Taylor. 

84 — 86, George O. Vanderbllt. 

87—92, John D. Rue. 

93—98, William 11. Sklrm. 
99—1904, Elijah C. Hutchinson. 

05—07, Barton B. IIutchlnBon. 

08 — 14, Harry D. I^avltt. 

14—17, Barton B. IIutrhlnHon. 

17 — 20, JanifjH Ilaminoud. 



Middlesex County. 



David Crowell. 
Adam Lee. 
Edward Y. Rogers. 
Raliih C. Stults. 
Henry V. Speer. 
Abra. Everltt. 
Amos Robblns. 
Levi D. Jarrard. 
George C. Ludlow. 
Isaac L. Martin. 
Abraham V. Schenck. 



86 — 88, Daniel C. Chase. 
80—94, Robert Adraliu 
95—97, Charles B. Herbert. 
98 — 1900. James IT. Van Cleef. 
01—03. Theodore Strong. 
04 — 06, Wm. H. C. Jackson. 
07 — 13, George S. Sllzer. 
13—16, William E. Ramsay. 
16-19, William E. Florance. 
19 — 22, Tlionias Brown. 



•Mr. MfDonnld was unseated the last week of the session of 
1890. and William S. Stuhr was given his seat. The first week of 
the session of 1891 Mr. Stuhr was unseated and Mr. McDonald 
resumed his seat. 

••Became Acting Governor March Ist, '13; resigned October 
28tb. 



186 



STATE SENATORS. 



45, Tbomas E. Combs. 
4G — 48, George F. Fort. 
49—51, John A. Morford. 
52—54, William D. Davis. 
55—57, Robert S. Laird. 
58 — 60, Wm. II. Ilendrlckson. 
61— 03, Anthony Reckless. 
64—71, Henry S. Little. 

72, Wm. H. Conover, Jr. 
73—78, Wm. H. Hendrlckson. 
79—81, George C. Beekman. 

31 orris 
45 — 47, John B. Johncs. 
48 — 50, Ephralm Marsh. 
51—53, John A. Bleecker. 
54 — 5G, Alexander Robertson. 
57 — 59, Andrew B. Cobb. 
GO — 62, Daniel Budd. 
63-65, Lyman A. Chandler. 
66 — 70, George T. Cobb. 
71, Columbus Beach. 
72 — 74, Augustus W. Cutler. 
7.'>— 77. John IIlll. 
78—80. Augustus C. Canfleld. 

Ocean 

51 — 53, Samuel Blrdsall. 
54^56, Jas. Cowperthwalte. 
57—62, William F. Brown. 
63—68, George D. Horner. 
69—71, John Torrey, Jr. 
72—74, John G. W. Havens. 
75 — 77, John S. Schultze. 
78 — 80, Ephralm P. Emson. 
81—83, Abram C. B. Havens. 
84 — 92, George T. Cranmer. 

I'assaic 
45 — 46, Cornelius G. Garrison. 
47 — 49, Martin J. Ryerson. 
50—52, Silas D. Canfield. 
53 — 55, Thomas D. Hoxsey. 
56—58. Jetur R. Rlggs. 
59—67, Benjamin Buckley. 
68 — 70, John Hopper. 
71 — 73, Henry A. Williams. 
74 — 76, John Hopper. 
77—82. Garret A. Hobart, 
83—88, John W. Griggs. 

Salem 
45, William J. Shlnn. 
46 — 48, Benjamin Acton Jr. 
49 — 51 John Snmmerill, Jr. 
52—54, Allen Wallace. 
55—57, Charles P. Smith. 
58 — 60, Joseph K. Riley, 
61 — 63, Emmor Reeve. 
64—66, Richard M. Acton. 
67 — 69, Samuel Plummer. 
70—72, John C. Belden. 
73 — 75, Isaac Newklrk. 
7G — 78. Charles S. Plummer. 



outh County. 

82—84, John S. Applegate. 
85 — 87, Thomas G. Chattle. 
88—90, Henry M. Nevlus. 
91—92, Thomas S. R. Brown. 

93, Henry S. Terhune. 
94—96, James A. Bradley. 
97—1902, Charles Asa Francis 
03 — 12, Oliver H. Brown. 
12 — 15, John W. Slocum. 
15—21, Henry E. Ackerson, Jr. 



County. 

81 — 86, James C. Youngblood. 

87—92, George T. Werts. 

93 — 95, Ellas C. Drake. 

96 — 98, John B. Vreeland. 
99—1901, Mahlon Pitney. 

02—04, Jacob W. Welsh. 

05 — 09, Thomas J. IllUery. 

10, Edward K. Mills. 

11—14, Richard Fltzherbert. 

14—17, Charles A. Ratlibnn. 

17 — 18, Harry W. Mutchler. 

19, Arthur Whitney. 

County. 

93—95, George G. Smith. 
96 — 98, Robert B. Eugle. 
99—1901, George G. Smith. 
02 — 07, George L. Shlnn. 
08—09, William J. Harrison. 

10, Thomas A. Mathls. 
11 — 14, George C. Low. 
14—17, Thomas A. Mathls. 
17 — 20, David G. Courad. 

County. 

89 — 91, John Mallon. 
92—94, John HlnchllEfe. 
95—97, Robert Williams. 
98—1900, Christian Braun. 
01—06, Wood McKee. 
07—10, John Illnchllffe. 
10 — 13, John D. Prince. 
13—16, Peter J. McGinnls. 
16—19, Tliomas F. McCran. 
19—22, Albin Smith. 

County. 

79 — 81, Qulnton Keasbey. 
82—84, George Hires. 
85—87, Wyatt W. Miller. 
88—90, William Newell. 
91—93, James Butcher. 
94—96, John C. Ward. 
97—1902, Richard C. Miller. 
03 — 05, James Strimple. 
06 — 12, William Plummer, Jr. 
12 — 13, J! Warren Davis. 
14 — 15, Isaac S. Smick. 
15—21, Collins B. Allen. 



STATE SENATORS. 



ISl 



Somerset County. 



45, 
46—48, 
49—51, 
52—54, 
55—57, 
5S— 60, 
61—63, 
64—66, 
67—69, 
70—72, 
73—75, 



45—46, 
47 — 40, 
50—52, 
53—55. 
56—58, 
59—61. 
62—64, 
65—67, 
68—73. 
74—76. 
77—79, 



58—60, 
61—03, 
64—65, 
66, 
67—69, 
70—72. 
73—75. 
76—78. 
79—84. 



45. 
46—48, 
49—51, 
62—54, 
55—57, 
.f>g_G0, 
61—63, 
64—66, 
67—69, 
70—72, 
73—75, 
76—78. 



George H. Brown. 
William n. Leupp. 
Jobn W. Craig. 
Moses Craig. 
SaiiM.el K. ISIartln. 
James Campbell. 
Rynier II. Veglite. 
Joshua DoiJghty. 
John II. Anderson. 
Calvin Corle. 
fllshn H. WooJ. 



76—78, 

79—81, 

82—84, 

85—90, 

91—93, 

94—96, 

97-190: 

03—05. 

OG-12. 

12—16, 

18—21, 

Sussex County. 



Charles r.. Moore. 
John G. Schenck. 
Eugene S. Doughty. 
Lewis A. Thompson. 
William J. Keys. 
Lewis A. Thompson. 
I, Charles A. Reed. 
Samuel S. Chllds. 
Jos. S. Frellnghuysen. 
William W. Sinalley. 
Clarence E. Case. 



Benjamin Hamilton. 
Nathan Smith. 
Joseph Greer. 
Isaac Bonnell. 
Zacharlah 11. Price. 
Edward C. Moore. 
Peter Smith. 
Joseph" S. Martin. 
Richard E. Edsall. 
Samuel T. Smith 
Francis M. Ward. 



SO — 82, Thomas Lawrence. 
83 — 85, Lewis Cochran. 
86 — 88, John A. McBrlde. 
89—91, Peter D. Smith. 
92—94, John McMickle. 
95 — 97, Jacob Gould. 
98—1903, Lewis J. Martin. 
04 — 13, Jacob Cole Price. 
13 — 19. Samuel T. Mmison. 
19—22, Henry T. Kay.s. 



L'nion County. 



John R. Ayres. 
Joseph T. Crowell. 
James Jenkins. 
Philip 11. Grler. 
Amos Clark, Jr. 
James T. Wiley. 
J. nenry Stone. 
William J. Magle. 
Benjamin A. Vail. 



85 — 87, Robert L. Livingston. 
88—90. James L. Miller. 



91—93, 
94-98, 
99—05, 
06—12, 
12— IS, 
18—21, 



Frederick C. Marsh. 
♦Foster M. Vuurhecs 
JoseF>h Cross. 
1-lrnest R. Ackerman. 
Carir>iti B. Pierce. 
William N. Runyon. 



Warren County. 



Charles J. Ihrle. 
Jeremy Mackey. 
George W. Taylor. 
Charles Sitgreaves. 
William Rea. 
Philip Mowry. 
James K. Swayze. 
Henry R. Kennedy.f^ 
Abraham Wlldrick. 
Edward II. Bird. 
Joseph B. Cornish. 
William Sllverthorn. 



79—81, Peter Cramer. 

82 — 84, George II. Beatty. 

85 — 87, James E. Moon. 

88 — 90, Martin WyckofP. 

91—93, Johnston Cornish. 

94—96, Christopher F. Staates. 

97—99, Isaac Barber. 

1900 — 1902, Johnston Cornish. 

03 — 05, Isaac Barber. 

00 — 12, Johnston Cornish. 

12 — 21, Thomas Barber. 



•Became Acting 
18th. 



Governor February 1st. '98: resigned October 



188 ASSEJIBLYMEN. 

ASSEMBLYMEN. 

BY COLXTIES, FR03I 1S45 TO 1910. 



Atlantic County. 



45, 46, Joseph Ingoreoll. 

47 — 49, Mark Lake. 

50, 51, Robert B. RIsley. 

52, John H. Boyle. 

53, Thomas D. AYinner. 

54, Daniel Townsend. 

55, Nicholas F. Smith. 
56, 57, David Frambes. 

58, John B. Madden. 

59, Thomas E. Morris. 
60—62, Charles E. P. Mayhem 

63, John Godfrey. 

64, Simon Hanthorn. 

65, Simon Lake. 

66, 67, P. M. Wolfselffer. 
68, 69, Jacob Kelm. 
70, 71, BenJ. H. Overheiser. 
72, 73, Samuel 11. Cavileer. 
74, 75, Lemuel Conover. 
76, 77, Leonard H. Ashley. 

78, Israel Smith. 
79, 80, James Jeffries. 

81. George Elvlns. 

82, Joseph H. Shinn. 



45, 

45, 
47, 
47, 
49, 
49, 
51, 
-52, 
52, 
54, 
54, 
56, 
56, 
58, 
58. 
59, 
59, 60. 



Bergen 

William G. Hopper. 

Jacob C. Terhune. 

John G. Banta. 

Jacob J. Brinkerhoff. 

John Ackerman, Jr. 

Henry H. Voorhls, Jr. 

John H. Hopper. 

John Huyler. 

John Zabriskle. 

Jacob I. Demarest. 

Abraham Van Horn. 

Ralph S. Demarest. 

Thomas W. Demarest. 

Daniel Holsman. 

Aaron H. Westerrelt. 

Andrew C. Cadmus. 

Enoch Brinkerhoff. 
60. John A. Hopper. 
62. Abram Carlock. 
62, John R. Post. 
64, Thomas D. English. 
64, John Y. Dater. 
60, Isaac Demarest. 



83, John L. Bryant. 
84, 85, Edward North. 
86, 87, James S. Beckwlth. 

88, James B. Nixon. 
89, 90, Shepherd S. Hudson. 

91, Smith E. Johnson. 

92, Samuel D. Hoffman. 

93, Charles A. Baake. " 

94, Frederick Schuchardt. 

95, Wesley C. Smith. 

96, 97, Marcellus L. Jackson. 
98, 99, Leonard H. Ashley. 
1900, 01, Charles T. Abbott. 
02—07, Thomas C. Elvlns. 
08, 09, Martin E. Keffer. 

10, Walter E. Edge. 

11, Isaac Bacharach. 

12, 14 — 16, Carlton Godfrev. 

12, 13. 14, Emerson L. Richards 

13, Joseph W. Salus. 

17, Bertram E. Whitman. 

17, Irving P. Parsons. 
18, 19, William A. Blair. 
18, 19, Underwood Cochran. 

County. 



15- 



65. 


66. 


Abraham J. Haring. 




67, 


A. Van Emburg. 


67, 


68, 


Cornelius Christie. 


68, 


69, 


Henry G. Herring. 


69, 


70, 


Eben Winton. 


70, 


71, 


Henry A. Hopper 


71, 


72, 


Jacob G. Van Riper. 


72, 


73, 


George J. Hopper. 




73, 


John J. Anderson. 


74, 


75, 


Henry C. Herring. 


74, 


75, 


John W. Bogert. 


76, 


711 


John H. Winant. 


76, 


77, 


Barney N. Ferdon. 




78, 


M. Corsen Gillham. 


78, 


79, 


Southey S. Parramore. 


79, 


80, 


John A. Demarest. 




80, 


Oliver D. Smith. 


81, 


82, 


Ellas H. Slsson. 


81- 


-83, 


86, John Van Bussum. 


S3, 


84, 


Peter R. Wortendyke. 




84, 


•Jacob W. Doremus. 




85, 


Peter Ackerman. 


85, 


86, 


Eben Winton. 



•John W. Doremus was flrst elected, but died before Legis- 
lature convened. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



189 



87, 88, Anderson Bloomer. 
87, Peter Ackerman. 

88, 89, Charles F. Harrington. 

89, 90, Abram De Ronde. 

90, 91, George Zimmermann. 
91, John H. Huyler. 

92, 93, Samuel G. H. Wright. 
92, 93, John J. Dupuy. 
94, Walter Dewsnap. 

94, 95, David D. Zabriskle. 

95, 96, Fred'k L. Voorliees. 

96, 97, Jacob H. Ullman. 

97, 98, Abram C. Holdrum. 

98, 99.. John M. Bell. 

99, 1900, Edmund W. Wakelee. 
1900, Vacancy caused by death of 

John L. C. Graves. 
01, 02, Joseph H. Tlllotson. 
01, 02, James W. Mercer. 
03, 04, M. S. Ayers. 
03, 04, George Cook. 
05, 06, Clarence Mabie. 



45, 

45. 

45, 47, 

45, 

45, 

46, 

46, 

46, 

46, 

46, 

47, 

47, 48, 

47—49, 

47—49, 

48—50, 

49—51, 

49—51, 

50, 51, 

50—52, 

51—53, 

52, 

.'52—54, 

52, 53, 

53, 54, 
53, 54, 

54, 

54—56, 

55, 

55, 

55, 57, 

55, 56, 
56. 
56, 

56, 57, 

57, 58, 
58, 

57—59, 



Joseph Satt^rthwait. 
Isaiah Adams. 
48, John W. C. Evans. 
Edward Taylor. 
William Diddle. 
Clayton Llppincott. 
William Malsbury. 
Garrit S. Cannon. 
Stephen Willets. 
Wm. G. Llppincott. 
William Blddle. 
Joseph W. Allen. 
John S. Irlok. 
Benjamin Kemble. 
Edward French. 
Samuel Stockton. 
William R. Braddock. 
William S. Embley. 
William Brown. 
Alien Jones. 
Benajah Antrim. 
John V'. Fennimore. 
Charles Haines. 
Mahlon Hutchinson. 
Jacob L. Glthens. 
Job H. Gasklll. 
William Parry. 
Josephus Sooy, Jr. 
Benjamin Gibbs. 
Thomas L. Norcross. 
Ellsha Gaunt. 
Richard Jones. 
William M. Collora. 
Jervls H. Bartlett. 
Samuel Keys. 
Samuel C. MIddleton. 
Charles Allckle. 



05, 


06. 


07, 


08, 


07, 


08, 


09, 


10. 


09, 


10, 




11, 




11. 




12. 




12, 


12, 


13, 




13, 


13, 


14, 


14. 


15, 


14, 


15, 




16, 




16, 


16- 


-19, 




17, 


17- 


-19, 




18, 




19, 


n ( 

57- 


^oun 

-59, 


58, 


50, 


59, 


60, 


59- 


-61, 


60, 


61, 




61. 


60—62, 


60—62, 


62, 


63, 


62, 


63. 


«2— «4, 


63- 


-65. 




64. 




65. 


65, 


66. 


66, 


67. 


66, 


67. 


66, 


67. 


67- 


-69, 




68, 




68. 


68—71, 




69. 


69—71. 




70. 


70. 


71, 


71- 


-73, 




72. 


72- 


-74, 


72- 


-74. 


73, 


74. 




74, 




75. 




75, 




75. 


75—77, 




76, 



John Heck. 
Guy L. Fake. 
James Devlne. Jr. 
Joseph H. ScharCf. 
Harry P. Ward. 
G. R. Alyea. 
Wm. H. Hinners. 
William B. Ogden. 
Frank M. Stevens. 
C. O'C. Hennessy. 
John W. Zisgen. 
15, Arthur M. Agnew. 
Edgar A. De Yoe. 
John J. Johnson. 
James T. Ackerman. 
Herbert M. Bailey. 
Walter G. Winue. 
Roy M. Robinson. 
W. Irving Glover. 
Addison B. Burroughs 
W. St. John Tozer. 



Ezra Evans. 
Charles S. Kemble. 
John Larzalere. 
Samuel A. Dobbins. 
George B. Wills. 
Joseph L. Lamb. 
Robert B. Stokes. 
William Sooy. 
John M. HIgbee. 
Israel W. Heullngs. 
Wm. P. McMlchael. 
Henry J. Irlck. 
Jarett Stokes. 
Samuel Stockton. 
Charles G. Lathrop. 
George W. Thompson. 
Samuel Coate. 
Andrew H. Fort. 
Wallace Llppincott. 
Chas. E. Hendrlckson. 
Charles Collins. 
John J. Maxwell. 
Theophilus I. Price, , 
Thomas C. Alcott. 
Levi French. 
Abraham Perkins. 
Edward T. Thompson. 
Robert Aaronson. 
E. Budd Marter. 
George B. Borton. 
Townsend Cox. 
Joseph P. Adams. 
Levi French. 
Charles J. Gordon. 
Henry Moffett. 
Samuel Taylor. 
Daniel L. Piatt. 



190 



asse:\tblymen. 



76—78, 
76—78, 
77—79, 

78, 79, 
79, 

79, 80, 
80—82, 
80—82, 

80, 81, 
81, 
82, 
83, 

83, 84, 
83—86, 
84—86, 
85, 86, 
87, 88, 

87, 88, 

88. 89. 



John Carileer. 
Edward F. Mathews. 
George Sykes. 
Wm. Budd Deacon. 
Wm. R. Llpplncott. 
John W. Haines. 
William H. Carter. 
Henry C. Herr. 
Abraham Marter. 
John Cavileer. 
Thomas M. Locke. 
Horace Cronk. 
87, Stacy H, Scott 
Theodore Budd. 
Thomas J. Alcott. 
Allen H. Gangewcr. 
90, R. C. Hutchinson. 
89, William II. Doron. 
Albert Ilansell. 
George C. Davis. 



90, 91, Mitchell B. Perkins. 
!tO, 91. I^wls L. Sharp. 

91, 92, A. Harry White. 

92, 93, Howard E. Packer. 

93, Micajah E. M.itlack. 

94. Augustus C. Stecher. 

94, 95, Micajah E. Matlack. 

95, 90, 97, George Wildes. 

96, 97, Joshua E. Borton. 
98, 1900, Joel Horner. 
98—02, Charles Wright. 
01 — 03, John G. Horner. 
03—05, BenJ. D. Shedaker 
04 — 06, Samuel K. Bobbins. 
06—09, Jolin B. Irick. 
07—09, Griffith W. Lewis. 
10, 11, Warren C. Pine. 

10, 11, 12, Blanchard H. White. 
13. 14, 15, Robert Peacock. 

IG — 19, Emnior Roberts. 



Camden County. 



45, Joseph Kay, Jr 

45, John Redfield. 

46. Joel G. Clark. 

46, Gerrard Wood. 

47, Edward Turner. 

47, Joseph B. Tatem. 

48, John C. Shreeve. 

48, John E. Marshall. 

49, Jacob Troth. 

49, Joseph Wolohon. 
.50, 51, CharU^s D Hineline. 
50, 51, Thomas W. Hurff. 

52, J. Ka>. 

52, Jonathan Day. 

52, 53, J. O. Johnson. 

53, Samuel Lytle. 

53, 54, John K. Roberts. 
.54, 55, Samuel S. Cake. 

55, James L. Hines. 
54 — 56, Rellcy Barret. 

56, Evan C. Smith. 
56, 57, John P. Harker. 

57, T. B. Atkinson. 

57, Joseph M. Atkinson. 
57—59, »Samuel Scull. 

58, Edmund Hoffman. 
58, 59, Samuel M. Thorne. 

59, Zebedee Nicholson. 

60, Joseph Stafford, Jr. 

60. George Brewer. 

60, 61, John R Graham. 

61, James L. Hties. 

61, 62, Joel P. KUfbrlde. 

62. Daniel A. Hall. 

62, 63, Edwin J. Osier. 

63, James M. Scorel. 

63, 64, Chalkley Albertson. 





64, 


64, 


65, 




65, 


65, 


66, 


66. 


67, 


66, 


67, 




67, 



69, 


70, 


69, 


70, 




70, 




71. 




71, 


71, 


72, 




72, 


72-- 


-74, 




73, 


73, 


74, 




74, 




75, 


75, 


76, 


75- 


-77. 


76, 


77, 




77, 




78, 




78, 


78, 


79, 


79. 


80, 


80, 


81, 


81, 


82, 


81, 


.82, 




82, 




83, 




83, 



Samuel Tatem. 
Paul C. Brinck. 
John F. Bodine. 
Isaac W. Nicholson. 
George W. N. Custls. 
Tliomas H. Coles. 
Edward Z. Collings. 
John Hood. 
James Wills. 
Chalkley Albertson. 
Thomas II. Coles. 
Henry L. Bonsall. 
William C. Shinn. 
Samuel Warthman. 
Charles Wilson. 
Isaac W. Nicholson. 
Stevenson Leslie. 
Fred. Bourquin. 
George B. Carse. 
Isaac Foreman. 
William IL Cole. 
Chalkley Albertson. 
Henry B. Wilson. 
79, 80, R. N. Herring. 
Alden C. Scovel. 
Oliver Lund. 
Samuel T. Murphy. 
Isaiah Woolston. 
Andrew J. Rider. 
Alonzo D. Nichols. 
Edward Burrough. 
Henry L. Bonsall. 
Chris. J. Mines, Jr. 
John H. McMurray. 
Robert F. S. Heath. 
George W. Borton. 
John Bamford. 



•In 1857 Mr. Scull was unseated by T. B. Atkinson. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



191 



83, 84, 

84, 

84—87, 

85. 

85, 86, 

8G, 

87, 

87, 

88, 89, 

88, 89, 

88, 89. 

90, 

90, 91, 

91, 92, 
91, 92, 

93, 

93, 94, 

93, 94, 

94, 

95, 

95, 96, 

96, 97, 
96, 97, 
98, 90, 



45, 

46, 

47, 

48, 49, 

50, 51, 

52, 

53. 

54, 55, 

56—58, 

59, 60, 

61, 

62—64. 

65—67, 

68, 

71—73. 

74, 

75, 

76—78, 



93, Clayton Stafford. 
John W. Brannlng. 
Edward A. Armstrong, 
Benjamin M. Braker. 
Henry M. Jewett. 
George Pfelffer. 
Philip Young. 
Henry Turley. 
Adam Chirk Smith. 
90, John Harris. 
George II. Illgglns. 
Franklin C. Woolman. 
92, Abram W. Nash. 
Joseph M. Engard. 
also 73, 74, Wm. II 
George W. Henry. 
95, Clayton Stafford. 
WUlliim J. Thompson. 
Wllham Watson. 
George W. Barnard. 
97, Louis T. Derousse 
Frank T. Lloyd. 
Henry S. Scovel. 
John H. McMurray. 



Cole 



98, 99, Edgar J. Coles. 
98—1902, William J. Bradley. 

1900, F. F. Patterson. Jr. 

00, 01, 02, Ephralm T. Gill. 

01. 02, George A. Waite. 
03, 04, John S. Roberts. 
03 — 06, Henry S. Scovel. 
03 — 09, Theodore B. Gibbs. 
05 — 07, Samuel P. Jones. 
07, 08, Frank B. Jess. 

OS, 09, Joseph Potter. 

09, 10, Harry R. Tat em. 

10, 11, 12, Albert De Unger. 

10, 11, 12, George W. Whyte. 

11. 12. 13. Isaac W. Cules. 
13—16, John B. Kates. 

13, James R. Carrow. 
14—17, Garfield Pancoast. 

14, Henry S. ScQvel. 

1.1— IS, Charles A. Wolrerton. 

17—19, Ralph N. Kellam. 

18, Paul N. Litchfield. 

19, T. Harry Rowland. 
19, Joseph F. AVallworth. 



Cape May County. 



Jr. 



John Stites. 
Samuel Townsend. 
Richard S. Ludlam. 
Nathaniel Holmes, 
Mackey Williams. 
Joshua Swalm. 
Waters B. Miller. 
Jesse II. Diverty. 
Downs Edmunds, Jr. 
Abram Reeves. 
Jonathan F. Learning. 
Wllmon W. Ware. 
69. 70, Thos. Beesley. 
Samuel R. Magonaj^le. 
Richard S. Learning 
Alexander Young. 
Richard D. Edmunds. 
Williaai T. Stevens. 



79, Daniel Schelllnger. 

80, 83 — 85, Jesse D. Ludlam. 

81, 82, Furman L. Richardson. 
86. 87, Alvin P. Hlldreth. 

88, Walter S. Leaming. 
89, 90, 91, Eugene C. Cole. 
92, 93, 94. Edmund L. Rose. 
95, 96, Furman L. Ludlam. 

97, Robert E. Hand. 

98, Eugene C. Cole.^ 
99, 1900. Ellis H. Marshall. 
01 — 03, Lewis M. Cresse. 
04—06, 12. Jas. M. E. Hlldreth. 
07—09. 17, Corsville E. Stille. 
10, 11, Christopher S. Hand. 

13, William Porter. 
14, 15, Lewis T. Stevens. 
10, 18, 19, Mark Lake. ' 



Cumberland 

Joslah Sha'v. 

George Heisler. 

Lewis Howell. 

Stephen A. Garrison. 51 

Leonard Lawrence. 5; 

Jeremiah Parvin. 

Uriah D. Woodruff. 

Reuben Fithian. 

Richard Lore. 

John T. Nixon. 

Ben J. Ayres. 

Joel Moore. 

Samuel Mayhew. 

David Campbell. 

Enos S. Gandy. 



58, 



County. 

53, Lewis Woodruff. 

54, Daniel Harris. 
54, Morton .Mills. 
56, James M.. Wells. 

56, John F. Keen. 

57, Uriah Mayhew. 

57, Elias Doughty. 

58, Elwell Nichols. 

59, Robert Moore. 

59, Aaron S. Westcott. 

60, Ebenezer Hall. 
60, John Carter. 
62, William Bacon. 

62, J. Edmund Sheppard. 
64. B. Rush Bateman. 



192 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



63, 


64. 


65—67, 


65—68. 




68, 




69, 


69- 


-71, 


70, 


71, 


72, 


73, 


72, 


73, 




74, 


74, 


75, 


75- 


-77, 




76, 


77, 


78, 




78, 


79, 


80, 


79, 


SO, 




81. 


81, 


82, 




82, 




83, 


83, 


84, 


84, 


85, 


85, 


86, 


86, 


87, 




45, 




45, 


45, 


46, 


45, 


46, 


45, 


46, 


45, 


46, 


45. 


46. 


46, 


47, 


46, 


47, 


47, 


48, 


47, 


48. 


47, 


48, 


47, 


48, 


47, 


48, 




48, 


48, 


49, 




49, 




49, 


49, 


50, 


49, 


50. 


49, 


50. 


49, 


50. 




51. 


50, 


51, 


50, 


51, 


50, 


51, 




51, 


51, 


52, 


51, 


52, 




52, 




52, 




52, 




52, 



Edward W. Maylln. 
Robert Moore. 
Jauiee II. Nixon. 
Thomas D. Westcott. 
C. Heury Shepherd. 
William A. House. 
Charles C. Grosscup. 
George S. Wliitiear. 
J. Howard Willets. 
George B. Langley. 
Lewis n. Dowdney. 
George W. Payne. 
Isaiah W. Richman. 
Isaac T. Nichols. 
James Loughron. . 
Robert P. Ewiug. 
Arthur T. Parsons. 
John il. Avis. 
Charles Ladow. 
Philip P. Baker. 
Isaac M. Smalley. 
John B. Campbell. 
Jeremiah H. Lupton. 
Wilson Banks. 
Franklin Lawrence. 



87, Thomas H. Hawkins. 

88, Mulford Ludlam. 

88, Isaac M. Smalley. 

89, Thomas W. Treuchard. 

90, Reuben Cheesman. 
94, John N. Glaepell. 
James L. Van Syckel. 
Edward C. Stokes. 
Wilber H. Baxter. 
Thomas P. Austin. 
Bloomfleld H. Mlnch. 
James J. Hunt. 
Wilson H. Shropshire. 

99 — 1901, Jesse S. Steelman. 
00, 01, 02, William J. Moore. 
02—06, Louis H. Miller. 
03 — 09, B. Frank Buck. 
07, 08, Frank B. Potter. 

10, Isaac T. Nichols. 

12. Albert R. McAllister. 

11. Walter E. Turner. 
11. E. H. Whiticar. 

13. John A. Ackley. 

14 — 17. Raymond Sbeppard. 
18, 19, Firman M. Reeyes. 



89. 


90. 


90, 


93, 




91, 


91, 


92, 


92, 


93, 


94- 


-96, 


95—97, 


97, 


98, 


98, 


99, 



09, 
10, 



Essex County. 



Isaac Van Wagenen. 
John Runyon. 
William M. Scudder. 
Hugh F. Randolph. 
Jabez Plerson. 
Keen Pruden. 
Alvah Sherman. 
George W. McLane. 
Parker Teed. 
A. S. Hubbeel. 
Jabez G. Goble. 
Francis B. Chetwood. 
Abraham "Van Riper. 
Elston Marsh. 
Hugh H. Bowne. 
Charles Harrison. 
Hugh H. Bowne. 
Lewis C. GroTer. 
Joel W. Condit. 
Obadiah Meeker. 
William F. Day. 
Stephen Personett. 
W^m. M. Whitehead. 
Isaac H. Pierson. 
Jonathan Valentine. 
David Wade. 
Cornelius Boice. 
Beach Vanderpool. 
John C. Beardsley. 
Thomas McKirgan. 
John M. Clark. 
William M. Sandford. 
Silas Merchant. 



52, 
52, 
53, 
53, 
53, 
53, 
53, 
53, 
54, 
54, 
54, 
54, 
54, 
54, 
54, 
55, 
55, 
R5, 
55, 
56, 
56, 
56, 
56, 
56, 
56, 
56. 
56, 
57, 
57, 
57, 
57, 
57, 
57, 



John Munn. 
James S. Bell. 
John B. Clark. 
Stephen Day, Jr. 
Grant J. Wheeler. 
Edward T. Hillyer. 
Charles T. Day. 
Charles O. BoUes. 
Ablathar Harrison. 
Daniel Price. 
William Dennis. 
David S. Craig. 
Daniel H. Noe. 
James N. Joraleman. 
David Ripley. 
Hugh Holmes. 
Daniel D. Benjamin. 
Charles O. BoUes. 
Daniel F. Tompkins. 
Nehemlah Perry. 
James A. Pennington. 
ApoUos M. Elmer. 
Joseph T. Hopping. 
Warren S. Baldwin. 
Samuel R. Winans. 
James E. Bathgate. 
George H. Doremus. 
Wm. K. McDonald. 
John C. Denman. 
Moses P. Smith. 
John L. Blake, Jr. 
William B. Baldwin. 
Charles L. C. Glfford. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



193 



EUhu Day. 
Charles C. Stewart. 
John C. Thornton. 
Simeon Harrison. 
James McCracken. 
Joseph Booth. 
Ira M. Harrison. 
Thomas Klrkpatrlck. 
Gashler De Witt, Jr. 
David Ayres. 
Isaac P. Trimble. 
David A. Hayes. 
Adolphus W. Waldron. 
James F. Bond. 
Amzi Condit. 
James McCracken. 
J. W. Hale. 
Frederick H. Teese. 
James Wheeler. 
James E. Smith. 
James M. Lang. 
David Oakes. 
John Flintoft. 
George A. Ilalsey. 
Walter Tompkins. 
Corra Drake. 
John D. Freeman. 
John P. Jackson. 
Thomas McGrath. 
Amzi Dodd. 
John C. Llttell. 
Adolph Schalk. 
James Smith. 
Jeremiah DeCamp. 
Ira M. Harrison. 
Rufus F. Harrifion. 
Charles A. I.ightplpe. 
Thomas B. Peddle. 
John C. Selffert. 
Bernard Kearney. 
J. B. S. Robinson. 
John H. Landell. 
James D. Cleaver. 
David Anderson. 
William Bodwell. 
John F. Anderson. 
David Ayres. 
James L. Hays. 
Albert P. Condit. 
Isaac P. Trimble. 
William H. Murphy. 
Edward L. Price. 
Israel D. Condit. 
Daniel Ayres. 
William R. Sayre. 
M. H. C. Vail. 
Samuel Atwater. 
Edward Hedden. 
Josiah L. Baldwin. 
Joslah Speer. 
James Peck. 
13 



G8, 


69, 


68, 


69, 


(38, 


69, 


69, 


70, 


69, 


70, 


69, 


70, 


69, 


71, 


70, 


71, 


70, 


71, 


70, 


71, 




70 




70, 




70, 




71, 




71, 


71, 


72, 


Tl, 


72, 


71, 


72, 




72, 




72, 




72, 


72 


73, 


Tl, 


73, 


72, 


73, 




73, 




73, 


73, 


74, 


73, 


74, 


73, 


74, 


73- 


-75, 




74, 




74, 


74, 


75, 


74, 


75, 


74, 


75, 




75, 




75, 




75, 




75, 



75, 76, 
76, 
76, 



76. 


77, 


76, 


77, 


76, 


77, 


76. 


77, 


76, 


80, 




77. 


77, 


78. 


77, 


78. 


77, 


78, 


77, 


78, 




78, 




78, 


78, 


79. 


78. 


79, 


78, 


79, 


78, 


79, 




79, 



79, 80, 



John Kennedy. 
Timothy W. Lord. 
Francis Macken. 
James L. Gurney. 
John Hunkele. 
William W. Hawkins. 
James G. Irwin. 
Joseph F. Sanxay. 
Farrand Kitchell. 
Henry W, Wilson. 
Chauncey G. Williams. 
William R. Sayre. 
Matthew Murpliy. 
Albert P. Condit. 
William A. Ripley. 
Edmund L. Joy. 
Theodore Horn. 
Rochus Heinisch, Jr. 
David Anderson. 
Daniel Murphy. 
Moses H. Williams. 
Samuel Wilde. 
Joseph G. Hill. 
Theodore Macknett. 
L. M. Armstrong. 
John W. Campbell. 
Ellas O. Doremus. 
Phlneas Jones. 
Aaron G. Baldwin. 
Samuel Morrow, Jr. 
James T. Vanness. 
Moses E. Ilalsey. 
Thomas S. Henry. 
Julius C. Fitzgerald. 
William H. Kirk. 
Andrew Teed. 
Hugh Klnnard. 
Patrick Doyle. 
William Carrolton. 
David Dodd. 
Charles II. Harrison. 
Marcus S. Richards. 
Philip W. Cross. 
Albert D. Traphagen. 
Francis K. Howell. 
S. V. C. Van Rensselaer. 
Elkanah Drake. 
James M. Patterson. 
Joseph II. Wlghtman. 
Gottfried Krueger. 
Charles Gomer. 
James Malone. 
Edward D. Pierson. 
Alexander Phillips. 
Charles Holzwarth. 
Edward W. Crane. 
George S. Duryee. 
82. Wm. H. F. Fiedler. 
Schuyler B. Jackson. 
Charles A. Felch. 
Peter J. Gray. 



194 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



79, 


80, 


79- 


-81, 


79- 


-81, 




80, 


80, 


81, 


80, 


81, 


80, 


81, 




81, 




81, 




81, 


81, 


82, 


82, 


83, 


82, 


83, 




82, 




82. 



86, 



-80, 



89, 



83, 89, John Gill. 
Harrison Van Duyne. 
83, Thomas O'Connor. 
•William 11. Brown. 
Ellas A. Wilkinson. 
Thos. W. Langstroth. 
William R. Williams. 
Joseph L. Munn. 
William Wright. 
**Chas. G. Bruemmer. 
Michael McMahau. 
John II. Parsons. 
David Young. 
Robert McGowan. 
Roderick Robertson. 
Ulysses B. Brewster. 
Edw'd R. Pennington. 
Adam Turkes. 
Edwin B. Smith. 
Lucius B. Hutchinson. 
James N. Arbuckle. 
John II. Murphy. 
William Hill. 
93, John L. Armltage. 
93, William Ilarrlgan. 
Rush BurgJ.^. 
Frederick S. Fish. 
Herman Lehlbach. 
George B. Harrison. 
David A. Bell. 
Edward Q. Keasbey. 
William E. O'Connor. 
Charlese Holzwarth. 
Franklin Murphy. 
Henry M. Doremus. 
R. Wayne Parker. 
Augustus F. R. Martin. 
Henry A. Potter. 
Edwin Lister. 
Jacob Schrelhofer. 
Charles F. Underbill. 
Ellas M. Condit. 
93. John H. Peal. 
MIcliael T. Barrett. 
Elvin W. Crane. 
James Peck. 
Charles E. Hill. 
James Marlatt. 
Frank M. JIcDermltt. 
DeForrest P. Lozler. 
Augustus Dusenberr.v. 
James A. Christie. 
Thomas MoGowan. 
Adrian Riker. 
Joseph Schmelz. 
John Gill. 
Moses Blgelow. 



89, 


90, 


89, 


90, 


89, 


90, 


90, 


91, 


90, 


91, 


90, 


91, 


90, 


91, 


90, 


91, 


90- 


-92, 


90, 


92, 




91, 


91, 


92, 


91, 


92, 


91, 


92, 




92, 




92, 




92, 




92, 


92, 


93, 




93, 




93, 




93, 




93, 


93, 


94, 


93, 


94, 


93, 


94, 


93, 


94, 


93, 


94, 


93, 


94, 




94, 


94- 


-96, 


94, 


95, 


94, 


95, 


94, 


95, 




95, 


95. 


96, 


95. 


96. 


95, 


96, 


95, 


96. 


95, 


96, 


95, 


96. 




96. 


96, 


97, 


90, 


97. 


96, 


97, 


97, 


98, 


97, 


98, 


97, 


98, 


97, 


98. 




97. 


97, 


98. 


97, 


98. 


97, 


98, 




98. 




98. 




98. 



Geo. W. Wledenmayer. 
Richard A. Price. 
92, Leonard Kalisch. 
Reuben Trier. 
George Rabenstein. 
Thomas H. Pollock. 
Charles Trefz. 
John J. Bertram. 
Edward W. Jackson. 
Thomas Smith. 
Edward H. Snyder. 
Edward M. Taylor. 
John Nieder. 
John R. Hardin. 
George W. Ketcham. 
Thomas F. Cavanagh. 
James A. Dempsey. 
Benedict Ulrich. 
William L. Glorieux. 
Augustus C. Studer. 
John L. Armltage. 
William J. Kearns. 
John H. Peal. 
Timothy Barrett. 
William Ilarrlgan. 
Joseph P. Clarke. 
Joseph M. Byrne. 
Thomas A. Murphey. 
Dennis F. Olvaney. 
J. Broadhead Woolsey. 
Thomas P. Edwards. 
Charles B. Duncan. 
John C. Eisele. 
Charles B. Storrs. 
George P. Olcott. 
Frederick W. Mock. 
Amos W. Harrison. 
Alfred F. Sklnnpr. 
James A. Christie. 
George L. Smith. 
David E. Benedict. 
Charles A. Schober. 
Hayward A. Harvey. 
Thomas H. Jones. 
Albert J. Simpson. 
James J. Hogan. 
Charles W. Powers. 
George W. W. Porter. 
Edwin F. Steddlg. 
Alvln C. Eble. 
George B. Harrison. 
Jacob Ran. Jr. 
Peter B. Falrchild. 
Carl v. Bauman. 
Joseph B. Johnson. 
Oliver B. Dawson. 
William C. Schmidt. 



•In 1880. W. H. Brown was unseated by William R. Williams. 
••Mr. Bruemmer was elected for 1882. but died before Legis- 
lature convened. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



195 



98, 99, Albert T. Guenther. 
99, John L. Bullard. 

99, 1900, Jacob Clark. 

99, 1900, John W. Weseman. 
99, 1900, John Kreitlor. 
99, 1900, Frederick J. Deleot. 
99, 1900, G. F. Brandenburgh. 
99, 1000, William Mungle. 
99, 1900, John N. Klein. 
99, 1900, John P. Dexhelmer. 
99, 1900, Benjamin F. Jones. 

1900, George S. Campbell. 
00 — 02, J. Henry Bacheller. 
01, 02, Fred'k Cummlngs. 
01 — 03, Wm. B. Garrabrants. 
01 — 03, John Howe. 
01—03, Robert W. Brown. 
01—03, Ralph B. Schmidt. 
01—03, Edward E. Gnlchtel. 
01—03, William G. Sharwell. 
01—03, Edgar Williams. 
01—03, Robert M. Bo.vd. Jr. 
01—03, William A. Lord. 
03 — 05, Frederick R. Lehlbach. 
03—05, Everett Colby. 
04, 05, William Pennington. 
04, 05, Frederick Manners. 
04, 05, Abraham Kaiser. 
04, 05, Herbert W. Taylor. 
04, 05, John J. Gallagher. 
04, 05, Samuel F. Wilson. 
04, 05, Edward D. Blrkholz. 
04, 05, H. L. Johnstone. 
04, 05, Edward D. Puffleld. 
00, 08, 09, William P. Martin. 

06, Gustav W. Roeber. 

06, George F. Serbe. 
06, 08, 09, Henry Clay nines. 

06, Philip C. Walsh, Jr. 

06, Chas. R. Underwood. 

06, Gustav A. Kayser. 

Oft. Russell M. Everett. 
06, 08, 09, Austen Colgate. 
06, 08, William F. Morgan. 

06, Gustav V. Sommer. 

07, Edward H. Wright, Jr. 
07, Simon Halin. 

07, John J. Bander. 
07, Patrick H. Corlsh. 
07, Thomas J. Mead. 
07, John C. Groel. 
07, John Breunnlg. 
07, John W. Lane. 
07, Edgar E. Lethhildge. 
07, Daniel J. Brady. 

07, Harry F. Backus. 
08, 09, Henry Young, Jr. 
08, 09, William Roberts. 
08, 09, John F. Clark. 

08, James H. Lowrey. 
08, 09, H. Stacy Smith. 



08, 


, 09, 




08, 


09, 


, 10, 


09, 


10, 




09, 




10, 




10, 




10, 




10, 




10. 




10, 




10, 




10, 




10, 




11. 




11, 




11, 




11. 




11, 




11. 




11, 




11, 




11, 




11, 




11, 




12, 




12. 




12, 




12, 




12, 




12, 




12, 




12, 




12, 




12, 




12, 




12, 


13. 


14, 


13, 


14, 




13, 


13, 


14, 




13. 




13, 




13. 


13, 


14. 


13, 


14. 




13, 




13, 


13, 


14, 




14, , 




14, 




14, 


14, 


15, 


14- 


-16, 


14—16. 


15, 


16, 


15, 


16, : 


15- 


-17, 


15—17. 


35, 


16, ' 


15- 


-17, ; 



August J. Miller. 

Rudolph A. Braun. 

Thomas H. Brooks. 

Lewis G. Bowden. 

Eliot E. Ford. 

William Lee. 

Emll Wohlfarth. 

Thomas Goldingay. 

Thomas Gillen. 

Robert S. Terhune. 

J. William Huegel. 

Coleman E. Klssam. 

Duane E. Mlnard. 

Harold A. Miller. 

Harry F. Backus. 

John J. Bracken. 

James P. Mylod. 

Charles W. Brown. 

Mark F. Phillips. 

Michael Leveen. 

M J. McGowan, Jr. 

Frank P. Shalvoy. 

Frank A. Boettner. 

Wm. P. Macksey. 

Edw. D. Balenrlne. 

William M. Beard. 

Henry F. llolloway. 

Charles G. Linnenkohl. 

Mortimer Lowy. 

Robert E. Mitchell. 

Frank J. Murray. 

Fred Prout. 

Thomas J. Smith. 

William E. Stagg. 

Fred G. Stickel, Jr. 

Henry J. Theln. 

William G. Weigel. 
Charles A. Nutting. 
Bennett H. Fishier. 
John J. Bracken. 
Laurence McCabe, Jr. 
John A. Matthews. 
William E. Maguire. 
Louis Lewis. 
Frank A. Foley. 
Hubert J. Rowe. 
Simon L. Fisch. 
Joseph F. Papscoe. 
Joseph B. Bloom. 
James R. Byrne. 
Edward C. Eaton. 
Micliael J. Qnigley. 
Thomas J. Smith. 
E. Morgan Barradalo. 
W. Clive Crosby. 
William P. Berry. 
Marcus W. De Camp. 
Seymour P. Gilbert. 
Harry D. Johnson. 
Charles C. Pilgrim. 
Edward Schoen. 



196 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



IS- 


-17, 


Eugene T. Seudder. 


IS, 


16, 


George M. Titus. 




15, 


H. Edward Wolf. 


16, 


17, 


Herbert J. Buelder. 




16, 


Paul II. Silberman. 


17, 


18, 


Theodore J. Badgley. 




17, 


Dudley Bramhall. 




17, 


George W. Keating. 




17, 


Charles A. LeMaster. 




17, 


Andrew N. MacKinnon. 




17, 


Samuel Press. 




17, 


Gustave C. Wolber. 




18, 


Augustus W. Abbott. 




18, 


Edgar H. Bostock. 




18, 


Frank B. Champion. 




18, 


0. Bell Close. 




18, 


Harry G. Eaton. 




IS, 


George S. Hobart. 


45, 


46, 


Glouce 

Samuel W. Cooper. 


45, 


48, 


Benjamin Harding. 


47, 


48, 


John B. Miller. 


47, 


48, 


John B. Hilyard. 




4U, 


John Burk. 


49, 


50, 


John Duell. 




50, 


Thomas Gasklll. 




51, 


Edmund Weatherby. 


51, 


52, 


Benjamin C. Tatem. 




52, 


Thomas Mills. 




53, 


Joseph Abbott. 




53, 


John V. Porch. 




54, 


Joseph Franklin. 




54, 


Benjamin Beckett. 


55, 


66, 


Jacob G. Tomlin. 


55, 


56, 


James B. AlbertPon. 




57, 


John H. Bradway. 




57, 


Benjamin Smith. 


58. 


59, 


John F. Thomas. 


58, 


59, 


George C. Hewitt. 




60, 


. •Joseph Harker. 


60, 


61, 


, John Starr. 


60, 


61 


, tJoseph H. Duffield. 




62, 


, Thomas G. Batten. 


62, 


63, 


, Allen Moore. 


63, 


, 64 


, E. C. Heritage. 


64, 


, 65 


, Nathan S. Abbott. 


65, 


, 66 


, William D. Wilson. 


66, 


, 67 


, William W. Clark. 




67 


, Jacob J. Hendrickson. 



18, 
18, 
18, 
18, 
18, 
19, 
19, 
19, 
19, 
19, 
19, 
19, 
19, 
19, 
19, 
39, 
19, 



Howell G. Lord. 
Olindo MarzuUi. 
Walter R. Pruden. 
Charles H. Stewart. 
George G. Yarrow. 
Edric C. Greaves. 
Elroy Headley. 
James F. Hyland. 
James J. Whalen. 
James J. Cross. 
Michael F. Judge. 
Joseph J. Finloy. 
Louis R. Freund. 
Harry A. Augenblick 
Charles B. Casale. 
Joseph Siegler. 
Hugh C. Barrett. 



08, Charles T. Molony. 

68, Wm. B. Rosenbaum. 
69, 70, Leonard F. Harding. 
69 — 71, Nimrod Woolery. 
71, 72, John S. Rulon. 

72, John R. Middleton. 
73, 74, Obadlah Eldrldge. 
73, 74, D. W. C. Hemmlngway- 

75, Simeon Warrington. 

75, 76, Thomas B. Lodge. 

76, 77, Samuel Moore. 
77—79, Caleb C. Pancoast. 
78, 79, Lawrence Locke. 
80, 81, George Craft. 
80, 81, Thomas M. Ferrell. 

82, Abljah S. Hewitt. 
83—85, Job S. Haines. 
86, 87, Joseph B. Roe. 
88—90, James West. 
91, 92, James J. Davidson. 
93—96, Solomon H. Stanger. 
97_99, §David O. Watkins. 
1900, 01, William P. Buck. 
02 — 05, John Boyd Avis. 
06—08, William C. Cattell. 
09, 10, Walter Heritage. 
11, 12, James Laflferty. 

tl3, Vacancy. 
14—17, Oliver J. W>st. 
18, 19, Horace M. Foodcr. 

•Mr. Ilarker died during the session of 1800. nnd Mr. Duffleld 
was elected to All the vnoanoy. 

fVacancy caused by death of Edward C. Leeds. 
SBecame Acting Governor in '98. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



197 



Hudson County. 



45, 


46, 


ITartman Van Wageneu. 


70, 


71, 




47, 


Benjamin P. Welsh. 




71, 




48, 


Oliver S. Strong. 




71. 




49, 


Jas. J. Van Boskerck. 




71, 




50, 


Edward T. Carpenter, 




71, 


51, 


52, 


John Van Vorst. 




72, 




52, 


Edmund T. Parker. 




72. 




52, 


Joseph W. riancox. 


72, 


73, 




53, 


John Dunn I.ittell. 


72 


73, 




53, 


James S. Davenport. 


72,' 


73, 




53, 


Jacob M. Vreeland. 


72, 


73, 




54, 


Clement M. Ilancox. 


72, 


73, 




54, 


Aug. F. Hardenbergh. 


72, 


73, 


54, 


55, 


Jacob M. Merseles. 




73, 




55, 


Dudley S. Gregory, Jr. 


73. 


74, 




55, 


John M. Board. 




74, 




56, 


John D. Ward. 




74, 




56, 


James T. Ilatfleld. 


74, 


75, 


56, 


57, 


George V. De Mott. 


74. 


75, 




57, 


Robert Gilchrist, Jr. 


74, 


75, 


57, 


58, 


Robert C. Bacot. 


74- 


-76, 




58. 


William Voorhees. 


74—77, 


58—60, 


Garret M. Van Horn. 




75, 




59, 


Wm. n. Ilemenover. 




75, 




59, 


Samuel A. French. 


75, 


76, 




60, 


W. II. rockham. 




76, 




60, 


N. C. Slnlght. 




76, 




61, 


Franklin B. Carpenter. 




76, 




61, 


Theo. F. Randolph. 


76, 


77, 


61, 


62, 


Michael J. Vreeland. 


76, 


78, 




62, 


Edward D. Relley. 




77, 


62, 


63, 


George McLaughlin. 




77, 


62, 


63. 


Joslah Conley. 




77, 


62, 


63, 


John B. Perry. 


77, 


78, 


62- 


-64, 


Joshua Benson. 


77, 


78, 


63, 


64, 


James Lynch. 


77, 


78, 


63, 


64, 


Garret D. Van Reipen. 




78, 




64, 


John B. Drayton. 




78, 


64, 


65, 


John Van Vorst. 


78, 


79, 


64, 


65, 


Abraham W. Duryee. 


78, 


79, 




65, 


Delos E. Culver. 




79, 




65, 


William E. Broking. 




79, 




65, 


Hiram Van Busklrk. 




79, 


65, 


66, 


69, 70. Leon Abbett. 




79, 




66, 


John Ramsay. 


79, 


80, 




66. 


Charles F. Ruh. 


79, 


80, 


66, 


67, 


0. D. Falkenburg. 




80. 


66, 


67, 


Do Witt C. Morris. 


80. 


81, 


66- 


-68, 


Noah D. Taylor. 


80, 


81, 


67, 


68, 


Rosea F. Clark. 


80, 


81, 


67, 


68, 


A. 0. Evans. 


80, 


81, 


67, 


68, 


John Dwyer. 


80, 


82, 




68, 


John Van Vorst. 




81, 


68. 


69. 


Henry C. Smith. 


81, 


82, 


69, 


70, 


Sidney B. Bevans. 




82, 


69, 


70. 


James B. Doremus. 




82, 




69, 


Elbrldge V. S. Besson. 




82, 


69, 


71, 


Michael Coogan. 




82, 




70, 


Abel I. Smith. 




82. 




70, 


William BrlnkerhoCf. 


82, 


83, 



Herman D. Busoh. 
James F. Fielder. 
John Anness. 
George Warrln. 
Joslah Hornblower. 
James Stevens. 
John A. O'Neill. 
George H. Farrier. 
Dennis Reardon. 
George S. Plympton. 
Henry Gaede. 
Jasper Wandel. 
Anthony J. Ryder. 
John Lee. 

Richard C. Washburn. 
Henry Coombs. 
James K. Selleck. 
Alexander T. McGiU. 
Patrick Sheeran. 
Alexander McDonnell. 
John D. Carscalleu. 
Rudolph F. Rabe. 
Thomas Carey. 
Edward F. McDonald. 
John J. Toffey. 
William A. Lewis. 
Harry Brautlgiim. 
Thomas C. Brown. 
Thomas J. Ilannon. 
Alex. Jocobus. 
Martin M. Drohan. 
Lewis A. Brlgham. 
Elijah T. Paxton. 
Marmadnke TUden. 
Alexander W. Harris. 
James Stevens. 
Dudley S. Steele. 
Edward P. C. Lewis. 
81, T. J. McDonald. 
Henry Dusenberry. 
John Owen Rouse. 
Frank C. Frey. 
G. A. Lilllendahl. 
John E. Tangeman. 
Joseph ]\IeekB. 
Samuel Stllslng. 
Patrick Sheeran. 
Noah D. Taylor. 
Allan L. McDermott. 
J. Herbert Potts. 
James Curran. 
David W. Lawrence. 
Frederick Payne. 
James J. Casey. 
William McAdoo. 
Robert McCague, Jr. 
George IT. Farrier. 
David M. Durrell. 
John O'Rourke. 
Thomas V. Cator. 



198 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



82 
82—: 



83 



84, James C. Clarke. 
84, Dennis McLauglilln. 
83, Peter F. Wanser. 

83, John M. Sbannon. 

84, Martin Steljes. 
84, Augustus A. Rich. 
84, Frank O. Cole. 

84, Joseph T. Kelly. 

85, Edwin O. Chapman. 

84, Michael J. O'Donnell. 
54, 85, Cornelius S. See. 

!4, 85, 87. 88, S. D. Dickinson. 

85, Thomas n. Kelly. 
85, Isaac Roraaine. 
85. John W. Heck. 
85, James J. Clark. 
85, John Wade. 

85, Fred Frarabach, Jr. 
15, 86, John C. Besson. 

86, R. B. Seymour. 
86, D. A. Peloubet. 
86, A. B. Dayton. 

86, T. J. McDonald. 
86, 87, Philip Tumulty. 
86, 87, John Pearson. 

86, 87, 89, R. S. Hudspeth. 
86, 87, Thomas F. Nooiian. 

86, 87, Edward I.ennon. 

87, Edward T. McLaughlin. 

87, 88, William IT. Letts. 
87—89, John P. Feeney. 
87—90, Win. C. Ileppenheimer. 

88, Joseph Gallagher. 
88, Charles W. Fuller. 

88, 'E. Frank Short. 

88, 89, James F. Norton. 
88, 89, Richard Brown. 
88, 89, Edward P. Farrell. 

89, Peter T. Donnelly. 

89, Judson C. Francois. 

90, Laurence Fagan. 
92, Patrick H. O'Neill. 
90, James Murphy. 
90, James S. Erwin. 

90, John F. Kelly. 

91, Michael Mullone. 



89, 



, 91 
, 91, 
, 91 
—92 
91 
91 



91, 



Henry Byrne. 
Andrew J. Boyle. 
Thomas B. Usher. 
J. Herbert Potts. 
Simeon IT. Smith. 
Henry Puster. 
91, John F. Madden. 

91, William D. Daly. 

92, James Moylan. 
92, Thomas Magner. 
92, James Tumilty. 



92, George A. Heaney. 
92, 93, Martin Lawless. 
92, 93, Cornelius J. Tahen. 
92, 93, John Zeller. 
92—94, Timothy J. Carroll. 
92—94, Michael J. Coyle. 

93, Henry H. Holmes. 
93, Adam J. Dlttmar. 

93, S. V. W. Stout. 

94, Ebenezer Berry. 
94, Max Salinger. 
94, Hugh A. Kelly. 
94, Thomas Egan. 
94, George W. Harding. 
94, John Kerr. 
94, Thomas McEwan, Jr. 

94, Charles Erlenkotter. 

95, James Uslier. 
95, Henry C. Gruber. 
95, James F. Blackshaw. 
95, Henry M. Nutzhorn. 
95, Frederick Schober. 
95, Robert McAndrew. 

95, William E. Drake. 

96, William N. Parslow. 

96, Pierce J. Fleming. 

96, Richard M. Smart. 

96, David H. Cagney. 

96, Carl IT. Ruenipler. 

96, John W. Queen. 

96, John E. Hewitt. 
96, Edward IIoos. 

96, Joseph P. Mullln. 
96, 98, Horace L. Allen. 
96, 98, Charles T. Bauer. 

97, Elmer W. Demarest. 
97, William M. KHnk. 
97, Robert D. TJniuhart. 
97, Isaac F. Goldenliorn. 
97, William G. Nelson. 
97, John E. McArthur. 
97, Theodore C. Wlldman. 
97, Charles M. Evans. 

97, Clement DeR. Leonard. 
• 97. William H. Dod. 

97, Wm. O. Armbruster. 

98, Alexander Simpson. 
98, Adolph Walter, Jr. 

98—1900, Allan Benny. 
98 — 1900, James J. Murphy. 
98, 99, James P. Hall. 
98, 99, I^ergus T. Kelaher. 
98, 99, Michael J. Bruder. 

98. 99, John J. Marnell. 
98—1900, Tim. J. Carroll. 

99, 1900, J. Emil Walscheld. 
99—1901, Leon Abbett. 



93, 
93, 
93, 



94, 



95, 
95, 
95, 
95, 



•Mr. Short was elected to a second term of offl >e, but he died 
before the Legislature met. Mr. Francois was chosen for the 
vacancy. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



99—1901, Maurice Marks. 
99—1901, John 11. V'ollers. 
1900, 01, P. Antlioay Brock. 

00—02, Geo. G. Teunant. 

00, 01, 02, Jolm J. Fallon. 

00, 01, 02, Edward J. Klce. 

01, 02, Jobn A. Deunln. 

01, 02, Patrick II. Connolly. 

01, 02, KlUan V. Lutz. 
01—03, Peter Stlllwell. 

02, William F. Hurley. 

02, 03, C. G. A. Schuuiaun. 

02, 03, John J. Treacy. 

02 — 03, Frederick Welsmann. 

02 — 05, Jamee A. Ilamlll. 

03, Michael J. Cannon. 
03—05, Joseph C. Duff. 

03, 04, William D. Kelly. 
0:i, 04, James F. Fielder. 
03, 04, J. W. Uufus Besson. 
03 — 05, Edgar II. Loverldge. 

03, 04, Thomas P. McGlennon. 

04, 05, Myron C. Ernst. 

04, 05, Godfrey B. Mattheus. 

04, 05, Harry W. Lauge. 

04, 05, John Gallery. 

04, D. Kelsey W hi taker. 

05, Archibald S. Alexander. 
05, Edward A. Murphy. 

05, Joseph A. Rlordau. 

05, William J. Boucher. 

05, 06, Robert II. Scott. 

06, John J. Coyle. 
06, Joseph F. Galvln. 
06, William A. Joerg. 
06, James E. Woolley. 
06, Edward K. Patterson. 
06, E. W. Arrosmith. 

00, Herman A. Berg. 

06, J. Philip Dlppel. 

06, John H. Eggers. 

06, Harry F. Thompson. 

06, Theodore L. Bierck. 

07, 08, 09, 10, Mark A. Sullivan. 

07. 08, 09, 10, Charles P. Olwell. 

07, 08, 09, 10, Jos. P. Tumulty. 

07, 08, 09, 10, James Baker. 

07, 08, C. B. Hendrlckson, Jr. 

07, 08, Charles II. Blohm. 

07, Joseph A. R lord an. 

07, Archibald S. Alexander. 

07, 08, Philip Daab. 

07, 08, 09, 10, 

Oscar L. Auf der Heide. 

07, 08, 09, Albert C. Epplnger. 

07, 08, Valentine Holzapfel. 

08, 09, Amadeus Valente. 

08, 09, 10, 11, Edw. Kenny. 

09, 10, W. C. Kackenmester. 

09, 10, 11, 12, Wm. S. Davidson. 

09, 10, 11, 12, Peter H. James. 
09, Frederick H. Otto. 

10, 11, James H. Christie. 



10- 


-13, 


10, 


11, 


11, 


12, 


11. 


12, 


11- 


-13, 


11, 


12, 




11, 


11, 


1-, 


1-', 


13, 




1^, 


12, 


13, 


13, 


14, 




13, 


13, 


14, 




13, 




13, 




13, 


13. 


14, 


14, 


16, 


14, 


16, 




14, 




14, 


14, 


16, 




14, 




14, 




15, 


15, 


17, 


15, 


17, 




15, 




15, 


15, 


17, 




15, 




15, 




15, 


15, 


17, 


16, 


17, 




16, 


16, 


17, 




16, 


16, 


17, 


16, 


17, 


10, 


18, 


17, 


18, 


17, 


IS, 


1", 


18, 




17, 




18, 


18, 


19, 




18, 




18, 


18, 


19, 


18, 


19, 


18, 


19, 




18. 




19, 




19, 




19, 




19, 




19, 




19, 




19, 




19, 



15, 16, James C. Aguew. 

12, Cornelius Ford. 
Thomas M. Donnelly. 

13, Charles M. Egan. 

15, Thomas !•'. I'artin. 

14, Thos. F. A. Griffin. 
James J. McGrath. ' 
Chas. E. S. Simpson. 
14, Joseph M. Branegan. 
Geo. F. Brensinger. 
Philip Steuerwald. 
Magnus Bredenbek. 
Arthur F. McGrath. 

16, Harry Kuhlke. 
Thomas C Mulligan. 

Henry W. Moser. 
Daniel J. Murray. 
Walter L. McDermott. 
George J. Brackner. 
Joseph Carroll. 
Thomas P. Curran. 
Clinton E. Fisk. 
Thomas G. Gannon. 
Dennis Long. 
Joseph P. Mulligan. 
Francis P. Boland. 
Charles C. Colgan. 
Frank A. Dolau. 
Archibald M. Henry. 
Frank A. I.a Polnte. 
Jacob J. Singer. 
Leo S. Sullivan. 
Edward C. Zelger. 
Charles W. Ostrom. 
Ul.vsses G. Borden. 
Timothy F. Aaron. 
Charles F. Dolan. 
John J. Dugan. 
Dennis Dunn, Jr. 
Charles H. Felten. 
Allan W. Moore. 
Alexander Simpson. 
Dennis J. Gallagher, Jr. 
Joseph F. Hurley. 
William J. McGovern. 
Theodore Taistra. 
James A. Dugan. 
Henry J. Gaedo. 
William J. Hanley. 
Samuel L. Hirschberg. 
James J. McAteer. 
Andrew E. Nolan. 
George W. Snow, Jr. 
Edward P. Stout. 
James Bowen. 
John J. Coppinger. 
Michael J. Donovan. 
William M. Schultz. 
Francis A. Stanton. 
Edward J. Sullivan. 
Andrew Muro. 
Louis Silver. 



200 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



Iluuterdon County. 



45, 
45, 
45, 

45, 48, 
40, 

48, 47, 

46, 47, 
46, 47, 
47-^9, 
48, 49, 
48, 49, 
50. 51, 
50, 51, 
50, 51, 
50—52, 

52, 
52, 53, 



54, 55, 
54, 55, 
55, 
55. 
5G, 57, 
5G, 57, 
56, 57, 
56, 57, 
58, 59, 
58, 59, 
58, 59, 
58, 59, 
60, 
60. 61, 
GO, 61, 

60, 61, 

61, G2, 

62, 63, 
62—64, 

63, 64, 

64, 65, 



John Swackliainmer. 


65, 60, 


Amos Moore. 


65—67, 


Jobn 11. Case. 


66, 67, 


49, Jonathan Plckel. 


67, 68, 


Henry Stevenson. 


68, 69, 


Isaac R. Srope. 


68—70, 


Joseph Fritts. 


69, 70, 


Frederick Apgar. 


70, 71, 


John Lambert. 


71, 72, 


Andrew Banghart. 


71, 72, 


David Van Fleet. 


73, 74, 


John Marlow. 


73, 74, 


Luther Opdycke. 


75, 76, 


William Tlnsman. 


75, 76, 


John R. Young. 


77, 78, 


Hiram Bennett. 


77, 78, 


Peter H. Aller. 


79, 80, 


Andrew Vau-^lckle. 


79, 80, 


John Lambert. 


81, 82, 


Samuel H. Brltton. 


81, 82, 


Lewis Youn?. 


83, 84, 


Peter E. Voorhees. 


83, 84, 


Jacob S. C. Plttenger. 


85—87, 


Edward Hunt. 


85—87, 


William Sergeant. 


88—90, 


John M. Voorhls. 


88—90, 


Joseph W. WlUerer. 


91, 92, 


John P. Rlttenhouse. 


91—93, 


John H. Horn. 


93, 


William Snyder. 


94, 95, 


Cornelius B. Sheets. 


94— 9G, 


Frederick Apgar. 


90—98, 


Thos. Banghart, Jr. 


97—99, 


Charles Denson. 


99—01, 


Ambrose Barcroft. 


00—02, 


D. D. Schomp. 


03—05, 


Jacob H. Huffman. 


00—08, 


S. R. Huselton. 




Joseph W. Wood. 


09—11, 


David H. Banghart. 


1.1—17. 


David B. Boss. 


18, 19, 



James J. Wil lever. 
William I. IlilT. 
Richard H. Wilson. 
Baltes Pickel. 
John Williamson. 
Theodore Probasco. 
John P. Lare. 
John Kugler. 
Peter Voorhees. 
Aug. E. Sanderson. 
W. L. Hoppock. 
John Caipeuter, jr. 
James Bird. 
William W. Swayze. 
Henry Brltton. 
John Hackett. 
Charles W. Codown. 
James N. Ramsey. 
George H. Mathews. 
Jacob Hipp. 
John V. Robblns. 
W. Howard Lake. 
John C. Arnvsine. 
Chester Wolverton. 
William n. Martin. 
Laurence H. Trimmer. 
William B. Niece. 
Benjamin E. Tine. 
J. L. Chamberlln. 
Charles N. Redding. 
William C. Alpaugh. 
David Lawshe. 
George F. Martens, Jr. 
Oliver I. Blackwell. 
W. A. Laudenberger. 
James H. WiUever. 
12, 13, 14, 
Oliver C. Holcombe. 
John J. Matthews. 
Harry J. lob^t. 
David II. Agans. 



Mercer County. 



45, 

45, 

45, 

46, 47, 

46, 47, 

46, 47, 

48, 

48. 49, 

48—50, 

49, 

50, 

50, 51, 

51, 

51, 



Israel J. Woodward. 
Richard J. Bond. 
•John Lowrey. 
Isaac Pullen. 
John M. Vancleve. 
William White. 
Samuel C. Cornell. 
James M. Redmond. 
Joslah Buzby. 
John R. Dill. 
John F. Hageman. 
John II. Phillips. 
Eli Rogers. 
Westley P. Danser. 



56, 



52, William Napton. 
52, John C. Ward. 

52, Jeremiah Vandyke. 

53, Abner B. Tomllnson. 
53, Elijah L. Hendrickson. 

53. Randal C. Robblns. 

54, James H. Hill. 
54, Franklin S. Mills. 

54, Runey R. Forman. 

55, James Vandeventer. 
55, William Jay. 

55, Garret Schenck. 

56, Samuel Wooley. 

57, Geo. R. Cook. 



♦Died in oflace. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



201 



57, 


58, 




58, 


58, 


59, 




59, 


59, 


60, 




60, 


60, 


61, 




61, 


61, 


62, 




62, 


62, 


63, 




63, 


63, 


64, 




64, 


64, 


65, 


65, 


60, 


65, 


66, 


06, 


67, 




67, 


67, 


71, 



69, 


70, 




70, 


70, 


71, 




71, 




72, 




72, 


72. 


73, 


73, 


74, 


73, 


74, 


74, 


75, 




75, 




75, 




76, 




76, 




76, 




77, 




77, 


77, 


78. 


78, 


79, 


78, 


79, 




79, 


80, 


81, 


80, 


81, 


80, 


81, 


82, 


83, 


82, 


83, 


83, 


84, 


84, 


85. 


&4, 


85, 



85, 



Andrew Duteher. 
Jacob Van Dyke. 
Jonathan S. Fish. 
Augustus L. Martin. 
Robert Altken. 
Ed. T. R. Applegate. 
Harper Crozer. 
Joseph Abbott. 
William S. Yard. 
Morgan F. Mount. 
John G. Stevens. 
Geo. W. Johnston. 
Peter Crozer. 
James G. West. 
James F. Brueie. 
John A. Weart. 
Alex. P. Green. 
Samuel Fisher. 
Thomas Crozer. 
Charles W. Mount. 
Joseph H. Bruere. 
Thomas J. Corson. 
Thomas C. Pearce. 
Absalom P. Lannlng. 
John P. Nelson. 
James C. Norrls. 
Charles 0. ITudnut. 
William H. Barton. 
Llscomb T. Robbins. 
Richard R. Rogers. 
John 11. Silvers. 
Alfred W. Smith. 
John N. Lindsay. 
Andrew J. Smith. 
Geo. 0. Vanderbllt. 
Samuel M. Youmans. 
Robt. S. Woodruff, Jr. 
Enoch H. Drake. 
John Hart Brewer. 
Robert L. Hutchinson. 
William S. Yard. 
J. Vance Powers. 
Horatio N. Burroughs. 
82, Eckford Moore. 
John D. Rue. 
William Roberts. 
Charles S. Robinson. 
Richard A. Donnelly. 
John V. D. Beokman. 
Nelson M. Lewis. 
William J. Convery. 
Joseph H. Applegate. 
A. Judson Rue 
John Caminade. 
Benj. F. Chambers. 



86, 87, S. B. Hutchinson. 

86, James C. Taylor, Jr. 

86, William Ossenberg. 

87, Frederick Walter. 

87, George D. Scudder. 

88, Charles II. Olden. 
88, Josiah Jones. 

88, Lyman Leavitt. 

89, Uriel T. Scudder. 

89, Thomas S. Chambers. 

89, 90, John Scliroth. 

90, Howell C. Stull. 

90, 91, Jacob R. Wyckoff. 

91, James II. Mulheron. 

91, 92, Patrick T. Burns. 

92, 93, James W. Lannlng. 
92, 93, Barton B. Hutchinson. 

93, Charles G. Roebling. 

94, 95, William L. Wilbur. 

94, 95, John Glnder. 

94, 95, William T. Exton. 

96, 97, Elijah C. Hutchinson. 

96, 97, Geo. W. Macpherson. 

96, 97, J. Wlggans Thorn. 

98, Frank M. Weller. 

98, 99, John B. Yard. 

98, 99, Henry J. Nicklln. 

99. 1900, Ira W. Woo.l. 
1000, 01, J. Warren Fleming. 
1900. 01, Frederick P. Rees. 

01, 02, George W. Page. 

02, 03, Harry D. Leavitt. 

02, 03, Bertrand L. GuUck. 

03, 04, Thomas Colclough, Jr. 

04, 05, Ralph Ilulse. 

04, 05, Thomas B. DeCou. 

05—07, Alfred N. Barber. 

06 — 08, Henry D. Thompson. 

06. 07, William F. Burke. 

08, 09, Edward H. Ginnelley. 

08, 09, 10, George W. Ilousel. 

09—11, Charles H. Mather. 

10, 11, Allan B. Walsh. 

11, 12. 13. George W. Adams. 

12, John E. Gill. 

12, 14, 15, Edgar G. Weart. 

13. Erwln E. Miirsliall. 

13, 14, Hervey S. Moore. 
14 — 16, James ITammnnd. 

15 — 17, A. Dayton Oliphant. 

16—18, Josiah T. Allinson. 

17, 18, Clinton H. Read. 

18, 19, John E. Gill. 

19, Hervey S. Moore. 

19, William H. Blackwcll. 



:Mi<ltllesex County. 



45. 46, Simeon W. Phillips. 
45. 46, Ralph C. Stults. 
45, 46. Daniel C. Dunn. 
45, 40, Charles Abraham. 

47, Garret G. Voorhees. 

47, Theodore F. King. 



47, John A. Davison. 

47, 48. Richard McDowell. 

48, Melancton F. Carman. 

48. 49. Lewis S. Randolph. 
48, 49, Aaron GuUck. 

49, William A. Gulick. 



202 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



19, 


50, 




50, 




50, 




50, 




51, 




61, 




51, 


51, 


52, 




52, 


52, 


53, 


53—55, 


53, 


54, 


54, 


55, 


55, 


56. 




56. 


56, 


57, 




57, 


57, 


58, 


58, 


59. 


58- 


-60, 




59, 


60, 


61, 


CO, 


61, 


61, 


62, 




62. 


62, 


63, 


63, 


64, 


63, 


64, 


64, 


65, 




65, 


65- 


-67, 


66. 


67, 


66, 


67, 




68. 


68, 


69, 


68, 


69, 




70, 


70, 


71. 




71, 


71- 


-73, 




72, 


72 


73, 




73, 




74, 




74, 


74, 


75. 




75. 




75, 




76. 


76, 


77. 


76, 


77, 




77, 


78, 


79, 


78, 


79. 


78, 


79, 




80, 




80, 


80, 


81, 


81, 


82, 


81, 


83, 




82, 



James Bishop. 
Henry Vandyke. 
CharleB Abraham. 
Israel K. Corlell. 
David Dunn. 
Peter F. Dye. 
J. B. Johnson. 
Robert M. CroweU. 
James Applegate. 
Josephus Shann. 
Martin A. Howell. 
Abraham Ererett. 
Samuel E. Stelle. 
William Hutchinson 
John T. Jenkins. 
Amos Robblns. 
Henry Stults. 
John D. Buckelew. 
Garret I. Snedeker. 
Ellis B. Freeman. 
Andrew McDowell. 
Thomas Booraem. 
Elias Dey. 
Ellas Ross. 
Orlando Perrlne. 
James T. CroweU. 
Miles Ross. 
David B. Wyckoff. 
Abraham C. Corlell. 
James G. Goble. 
69, 70. I-evi D. Jarrard. 
Nathan H. Tyrell. 
John W. Perrlne. 
George E. Strong. 
Alfred W. Jones. 
William M. Cox. 
George E. Brown. 
Albert L. Runyon. 
Edward F. Roberts. 
Isaac L. Fischer. 
Johnston Holconihe. 
Joseph C. I.etson. 
n. F. Worthlngtou. 
John Von Deursen. 
John F. Ten Broeck. 
Joseph C. Magee, Jr. 
James 11. Van Cleef. 
Josephus Shann. 
Isaiah Rolfe. 
Charles A. Campbell. 
Daniel Z. Martin. 
John Waldron. 
Isaac L. Martin. 
Patrick Convery. 
Vincent W. Mount. 
Robert G. Miller. 
John M. Board. 
Stephen M. Martin. 
James H. Van Cleef. 
Manning Freeman. 
John Adair. 



82, 83, James H. Goodwin. 

83, 84, William R. Jernee. 

84, 85, Edward S. Savage. 

84, 85, Robert Carson. 

85, 80, John Martin. 

86, 87, John F. Ten Broeck. 

86, 87, R. R. Vandenbergh. 

87, 88, John Mulvey. 

88, 89, Ephralm Cutter. 
88, 89, Charles B. Herbert. 

89, Daniel M. Kane. 
90, 91, Luther H. Tappen. 
90, 91, William C. Jacques. 
90, 91, Charles 11. Mauahan. 
92, 93, John H. Daly. 
92, 93, Hezeklah Warne. 
92—94, John W. Beekman. 

94, William F. Ilarklns. 
94 — 96, Andrew H. Slover. 
95, 96. Edward W. Hicks. 
95, 96, George H. Tice. 

97, Alexander C. LItteret. 

97. Jacob II. Whitfield. 

97. James Fountain. 
98, 99. Adam Eckert. 
98, 99, Joseph II. RIdgeway. 
98, 99. John J. Quald. 
1900. 01. Adrian Lyon. 
1900. 01. II. Raymond Groves. 
00—03. J. E. Montgomery. 

02. Myron J. Whitford. 
02, 03, W. H. C. Jackson. 

03. Bernard M. Gannon. 
04. 05. J. H. Thayer Martin. 

04. 05, Alexander R. Fordyce, Jr. 

04, 05. Frank C. Henry. 

06. 07, Frank Crowther. 

06, 07, William R. Drake. 

06, 07, Edward E. Haines. 

08, 10. 11, W. E. Ramsay. 

08, 09, William C. Voorhees. 

08, S. C. Van Cleef. 

09, Rene P. F. Von Mlnden 

09. Edwin C. McKeag. 

10, Edward Burt. 

10, 11, Jno. V. L. Booraem. 

11, 12, Aug. C. Streltwolf. 
12, J. F. Ten Broeck. 

12, 13, 14, J. P. Kirkpatrick. 

13, 14, 15. Arthur A. Quinn. 
13, 14, George L. Burton. 
15, 16, E. Leon Loblein. 

15, 16, Charles Anderson. 

16. Richard J. Galvin. 
17, IS. George S. Applegate. 
17, 18, James A. Edgar. 
17, 18, Fred. C. Schneider. 

19, Andrew J. Wight. 

19, Fred W. De Voe. 

10, Andrew Kirkpatrick. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



203 



Aloumouth County. 



45, 
45, 

45, 4t), 

45—47, 

45—47, 

40, 47, 

4t}, 47, 

47, 

48, 

48, 

48, 

48, 

48, 

49, 50, 

4'J, 

49, 

49, 50, 

49, 50, 

50, 

50, 

51, 

51, 52, 

51, 52, 

51—53, 

52, 

53, 

53, 

53, 54, 

54, 

54, 

54—56, 

55, 

55, 

55, 

56, 57, 

56, 57, 

56, 57, 

57—59, 

57—60, 

58, 59, 

58, 59, 

60, 

60, 61, 

60, 61, 

61, 62, 
61, 62, 

02, 
63—65, 
63, 64, 
63, 64, 
05, 66. 
65, 60, 

66, 
67, 68, 
67, 68, 
67, 68, 

69, 
69, 70, 



George F. Fort. 
•Jas. U. llartsliorne. 
Andrew Simijeou. 
Hartsborne Tautum. 
Joseph B. Coward. 
William Vandoreu. 
JoLiu Borden. 
Andrew Simpson. 
William W. Bennett. 
Joel Parker. 
Ferdinand Woodward. 
•Samuel Beuuell. 
Joel W. Ay res. 
Alfred Walling. 
James Hooi»er. 
JoUn B. Williams. 
George W. tiutybln. 
James D. Hull. 
WliUam G. Hooper. 
Charles Butclier. 
Bernard Connolly. 
William II. Conover. 
Garret S. Smock. 
Samuel W. Jones. 
Charles Butcher. 
Charles Allen. 
Daniel P. Van Doren. 
Robert Allen. 
Forman llendrlckson. 
John L. Corllos. 
Henry E. Lafetra. 
John Vandoren. 
Thomas B. Stout. 
William H. Johnson. 
Jacob Herbert. 
John R. Barrlcblo. 
Samuel Beers. 
John V. Conover. 
Austin n. Patterson. 
George Mlddleton. 
Richard B. WalUug. 
J. J. McNlnney. 
William H. Mount. 
James Patterson. 
William V. Ward. 
Charles Haight. 
George 0. Murray. 
Michael Ta.vlor. 
Osborn Curtis. 
David 11. Wyckoff. 
Daniel A. Holmes. 
George Schenck. 
William C. Browne. 
Charles Allen. 
Francis Corlles. 
Thomas S. R. Brown. 
William H. Conover. 
Daniel H. Van Mater. 



71. 



79, 
79, 
80, 

81, 



71, 
72, 
72, 
74. 



69, 70, Andrew Brown. 
70--72, Austin H. Patterson. 

William S. lloruer. 

John T. Haight. 

Wm. B. llendrlckson. 

John B. Glflord. 

74, John S. Sproul. 

75, George W. Patterson. 

76, Chas. D. llendrlckson. 

76, William V. Conover. 

77, James L. Rue. 

77, James H. Leonard. 

78, William H. Bennett. 

78, George J. j']ly. 

79, Arthur Wilson. 

80, 87, Shermin B. Oviatt. 

80, 92, 93, John D. Honce. 

81, 87, 88, G. II. Lufburrow. 

81, Holmes W. Murphv. 

82, David A. Bell. 
82, Benjamin Griggs. 

82, 83, Peter Forman, Jr. 

83, 84, Alfred B. Stoney. 

83, 84, Thomas G. Chattle. 

84, 85, Charles II. Bond. 
85, William 11. Grant. 

85, 86, Frank E. Ileyer. 

88, William Plntard. 

86, 87, W. S. Throckmorton. 
88. 89, Edward B. Potts. 

88, 89, Archibald A. Illgglns. 

89, William F. Patterson. 
90, 91, Aaron E. Johnston. 
90, 91, William D. Campbell. 
90, 91, Charles II. Ivlns. 

92, 93, John D. Honce. 
92, 93, Reuben G. Strahan. 
92, 93, William Taber Parker. 

94, Charles L. Walters. 

94, Richard Borden. 

94, 95, David D. Denlse. 

95, 96, Charles A. Francis. 
95, 96, George B. Snyder. 

96, Alfred Walling, Jr. 

97, William H. Reid. 
97, Oliver 11. Brown. 
97, Daniel E. Van Wickle. 
99, Joseph L. Butcher. 

98, 99, Joseph C. Heyer. 
98, 99, B. Drummond WooUev. 
1900, 01, Charles R. Snyder. 
1900, 01, Sam'I W. Kirkbrlde. 
1900, 01, William Hyres. 

02, William T. Hoffman. 

02, Somers T. Champion. 

02, 03, John A. Rowland. 

03, 04, Charles F. McDonald. 
03, 04, Amzl M. Posten, 



98. 



►Died In office. 



204 



ASSEMBLYMEN, 



04, William F. Leffereon. 
05, 06, Edgar I. VauderVeer. 
05, 06, Walter S. Keed. 
05, 06, George C. Henry. 

07, Isaac B. Davison. 

07, T. Nelson LlUagore. 

07, Frank J. Manson. 

08, Wilbert A. Beecroft. 
08, David E. Tantuni. 
08, John W. Keougb. 

09, 10, Joseph D. Bedle. 



09, 10, Monroe V. Poole. 
09/ 10, Peter Vredenburgh. 

11, Jas. A. Uendrickson. 
11, 12, 16, 17, Elmer H. Geran. 
11, 12, 13, *Leon K. Taylor. 
13, 14, William E. Mount. 

14, William Winans. 

15 — 17, Harry G. Van Note. 

15, John Thomson. 
18, 19, T. Lloyd Lewis. 
18, 19, Dallas G. Young. 



Morris County. 



45, 
45, 46, 
45, 46, 

45, 46, 

46, 47, 
47, 
47, 
47, 

48, 49, 

48, 49, 

48, 49, 

48, 49, 

50, 

50, 

50, 

50, 

51, 

51, 

51, 

.51, 52, 

52, 53, 

52, 53, 

52, 53, 

53, 

54, 

54, 55, 

54, 55, 

54, 55, 

55, 56, 
56, 

56, 57, 

56, 57, 

57, 58, 
67, 58, 

58, 59, 

58, 59, 
59, 

59, 60, 
60, 

60—62, 

60—62, 

61, 

61, 62, 

62. 63. 



Timothy Kltchel. 




63, 


Matthias Kltchel. 


63- 


-65, 


Uenry Seward. 




64, 


George 11. Thompson. 


64, 


65, 


Calvin Howell. 




65. 


Richard Lewis. 




66, 


Charles McFarland. 


66, 


67, 


Samuel Hilts. 


66, 


67, 


Andrew I. Smith, 




67, 


David T. Cooper. 




68, 


Samuel Van Ness. 




68, 


Edward W. Whelpley. 


68—70, 


John L, Kanouse. 


69, 


70, 


Andrew Cobb, 


69, 


70, 


Freeman Wood. 


71, 


72, 


George H. Thompson. 


71, 


72, 


Horace Chamberlain. 


71- 


-73, 


Jonathan P. Bartley. 


73, 


74, 


Joslah Meeker. 


73, 


74, 


Cornelius B. Doremus. 


74- 


-76, 


C. S. Dickerson. 


75, 


76, 


John D. Jackson. 


75, 


76, 


Robert Albright. 




77, 


John L. Kanouse. 




77, 


Andrew B. Cobb. 


77, 


78. 


William P. Conkling. 




78, 


William Logan. 




P' 


Aaron Pitn.^y. 


79, 


80, 


Edward Howell. 


79, 


80, 


Wm. M. Muchmore. 


79, 


80, 


William A. Carr. 


81, 


82, 


Daniel Budd. 


81, 


82, 


Benjamin M. Felch. 


81, 


82, 


Richard Speer. 


83, 


84, 


Lyman A. Chandler. 


83, 


84, 


John Naughrlght. 


83- 


-85, 


A. H. Stansborough. 


85, 


86, 


James II. Ball. 


85, 


86, 


Eugene Ayres. 


86, 


87, 


Nelson II. Drake. 


87, 


88, 


Nathan Ilorton. 


87, 


88, 


William W. Beach. 


88, 


89, 


John Hill. 


89, 


90, 


Jacob Vanatta, 


89, 


90, 



William J. Wood. 
Jesse Iloflfman. 
Henry C. Sanders. 
John Bates. 
Alfred M. Treadwell. 
John Hill. 
James C. Yawger. 
Ellas M. White. 
Lewis Estler. 
Daniel Coghlan. 
George Gage. 
Jesse M. Sharp. 
Theodore W. Phoenix. 
Columbus Beach. 
Nathaniel Nlles. 
W. B. Lefevre. 
August C. Canfleld, 
W. H. Howell. 
Jacob Z. Budd. 
Ellas M. Skelllnger. 
James C. Youngblood. 
Edmund D. Halsoy. 
Abm. C, Van Duyne. 
♦♦Cummins O. Cooper. 
C. P. Garrabrant. 
Francis J. Doremus. 
Joshua S. Salmon. 
Charles F. Ax tell. 
James H. Bruen. 
Holloway W. Hunt, 
William C. Johnson, 
91, 92, John F. Post. 
Oscar Llndsley. 
James H. Neighbour. 
Amzl F. Weaver. 
George W. Jenkins. 
John Seward Wills. 
Ellas C. Drake. 
John Norwood, 
Samuel S. Lyon, 
John R. Pitney. 
Carnot B. Meeker. 
John Norris. 
William S. Nauright. 



♦Became Acting Governor in '13. 

♦♦In 1878, Cummins O. Cooper was unseated by Joshua S, 
Salmon. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



205 



90, 91, Jas. Preston Albright. 

91, 92, Ford D. Smith. 

93, Thomas J. O'Brien. 

93, Sylvester Utter. 
94, 95, Charles A. Baker. 
94, 95, William C. Bates. 
96, 97, Charles F. Hopkins. 
96, 97, Joseph B. Rlgbter. 
98, 99, George E. Poole. 
98—1900, Jacob W. Welsh. 
1900, 01, Samuel L. Garrison. 

01, 02, Chas. R. Whitehead. 

02, 03, William T. Brown. 

03, 04, Thomas J. IllUery. 

04, 05, Charles A. Baker. 

05, 06, John M. Millfl. 

Ocean 
51 — 53, Joel Haywood. 

54, A. O. S. Havens. 
55, 56, William F. Brown. 
57—59, Edwin Salter. 

60, Thomas W. Ivlns. 

61, Charles H. Applegate. 

62, Ephraim Emson. 

63, Edwin Salter. 
64, 65, Jacob Blrdsall. 
66, 67, Job Edwarls. 

68, 69, G. W. Cowperthwalte. 
70, 71, Albert M. Bradshaw. 

72, Richard B. Parker. 

73, John S. Shultze. 

74, Edward M. Lonan. 
88, 89, J. S. Goble. 
Ephraim P. Emson. 
Isaac A. Van Hlse. 



75, 



77. 



06, 


07, 


Richard J. Chaplin. 


07, 


08, 


Henry W. Buxton. 


08, 


09, 


James A. Lyon. 


09, 


10, 


Oscar B. Smith. 


10, 


12, 


William F. Birch. 




11. 


Albert Bunn. 




11, 


Eugene S. Burke. 




12, 


Joseph G. Willis. 




13, 


James J. Lyous. 




13, 


Edward D. Neighbour. 


14- 


-16, 


19, George W. Downs. 


14—16, 


Harry W. Mutcbler. 


IT, 


18, 


Jacob J. Vreeland. 


IT, 


18, 


Arthur Whitney. 




19, 


David Young. 


County 






81, 


William H. Bennett. 




82, 


Clifford Horner. 




83, 


George T. Cranmer. 




84, 


Augustus W. Irons. 


85. 


86, 


George G. Smith. 


90—92, 


Adolph Ernst. 


93, 


04, 


John T. Burton. 


95, 


96, 


Abraham Lower. 


97, 


98, 


Roderick A. Clark. 


99- 


-1901, Courtney C. Carr. 




02, 


George W. Holraan. Jr. 




03, 


William J. Harrison. 


04, 


05, 


Cornelius C. Pearce. 




06, 


George C. Warren. 




07, 


Samuel S. Taylor. 


08, 


09, 


10, Ben J. H. Crosby. 


11. 


12, 


Harry E. Newman. 


13- 


-16, 


David G. Conrad. 



78—80, Rufus Blodgett. 



Passaic 

George W. Colfax. 
Chileon F. De Camp. 
Abm. Prall. 
Henry M. Van Ness. 
John M. Demarest. 
Oscar Decker. 
C. S. Van Wagoner. 
Thomas D. Hoxsey. 
Benjamin Geroe. 
Jolin L. Laroe. 
J. S. Fayerweather. 
J. V. R. Van Blarcom. 
Cornelius Van Winkle. 
Philip Rafferty. 
Charles H. May. 
William C. Stratton. 
William M. Morrell. 
John Schoonmaker. 
Peter H. Whritenor. 
BenJ. Buckley. 
John J. Brown. 
James B. Beam. 
Patrick Magennls. 
Richard Van Houteo. 



45, 


46, 


45. 


46, 




47, 


47, 


48, 




48, 




49, 


49, 


50, 


50, 


51, 


51, 


52, 


52, 


54, 




52, 




53, 




53, 


53, 


54, 




54, 




55, 




55, 


55, 


56. 




56, 


56—58, 




57, 




57. 




58, 


58. 


59, 



17 — 19, Harry T. Ilaganian. 

County. 

59, Joel M. Johnson. 
59 — 61, Samuel Pope. 

60, Isaac Stagg. 

60, 61, Isaac P. Cooley. 

61. 62, Socrates Tuttle. 
62 — 66, John N. Terhune. 
62 — 66, Chandler D. Norton. 

63, Samuel Pope. 
63, 64, Joseph N. Taylor. 

63, 64, Charles F. Johnson. 

64, 65, Aaron Klnter. 

65, 66, Garret A''an Wagoner. 
65, 66, Isaac D. Blauvelt. 

67. E. A. Stansbury. 
67. 68, David Henry. 

67, 68, Joseph R. Baldwin. 

68, 69, A. A. Van Voorhees. 

69, 70, Hugh Reid. 

69, 70, 72, C. Hemmlngway. 

70, Henry Hobbs. 

70, Charles P. Gurnee. 
71, 72, 75, Robert M. Torbet. 

71, 78, 79, John O'Brien. 

72, 73, Henry McDanolds. 



206 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 





73, 


73, 


74, 


74, 


75, 


74, 


75, 


76, 


77, 


76, 


77, 


76, 


77, 




78, 


78, 


79, 


79, 


80, 


80, 


81, 


80, 


81, 




81, 




82, 


82, 


83, 


82, 


83, 


82- 


-85, 


83, 


84, 




84, 




84, 


85, 


8G, 


85, 


86, 


85, 


86, 




80, 


87, 


88, 




87, 




87, 


87, 


88, 



89, 





89, 




90, 


90, 


91, 


90, 


91, 


90, 


91, 




91, 




92, 


92, 


93, 


92, 


93, 


93, 


94, 




94, 




94, 




95, 


95, 


96, 


95, 


96, 


95, 


96. 


96—98, 




97. 




97, 


98, 


99, 


98, 


99, 




98, 



George Barnes. 

Garret a. Hobart. 

David Henry. 

Jolin P. Zeluff. 

John W. Griggs. 

John Sanderson. 

Jos. L. Cuunlugbam. 

John Kenuell. 

John H. Robinson. 

George ^Y. Conkling. 

Robert B. Morehead. 

Thomas B. Vreeland. 

Jacob Latus. 

Joseph A. Greaves. 

Patrick H. Shields. 

William F. Gaston. 

92, 93, 94. Thos. Flynn. 

Clark W. Mills. 

William Prall. 

Cornelius A. Cadmus. 

John Scheele. 

De Witt C. Bolton. 

George 11. Low. 

William B. Gourley. 

George Law. 

John Donohue. 

Robert A. Carroll. 

89, James Keys. 

James H. Rogers. 

Eugene Emley. 

John I. Holt. 

Chas. T. Woodward. 

William W. Welch. 

Thomas McCran. 

John King. 

John F. Kerr. 

Robert Williams. 

Richard Carroll. 

James Parker. 

Frank Gledhlll. 

John F. Smith. 

John 1. Holt. 

John M^Kelvey. 

William I. Lewis. 

Samuel Frederick. 

James Robertson. 

Samuel Bullock. 

97, 99, 1900, John King. 

Henry W. GledhiU. 

Frank Atherton. 

Phlneas Bridge. 

Wood McKee. 

John W. Sturr. 

John Donohue. 



99—01, 


Vivian M. Lewis. 


1900, 


Richard Berry. 


00—03. 


Edmund G. Stalter. 


01, 


02. 


Wm. B. Davidson. 


01—03, 


Hiram Keasler. 




02, 


Raymond Bogert. 


02, 


03, 


04, F. W. Van Blarcom. 




03. 


Anton L. Pettersen. 


03—05, 


George H. Dalrymple. 




04, 


Jacob De Lazier. 


04, 


05, 


Ernest Shaw. 


04, 


05, 


10, 11, Thos. R. Layden. 


05, 


06, 


George F. Wright. 


05, 


00, 


Henry Marelli. 




06, 


Arthur M. Smethurst. 


06, 


08, 


09, John D. Prince. 




06, 


Colin R. Wise. 




07, 


AVilliam A. Merz. 




07, 


Abram Klenert. 




07, 


Frank A. Pawelskl. 




07, 


Henry J. Earle. 




07, 


John D. Van Blarcom. 


08, 


09, 


10, 11, 12, 

Amos H. Radcliffe 




08, 


Samuel McCoid. 


08, 


09, 


William B. Burpo. 




08, 


Henry C. Whitehead. 


09, 


10, 


Edward T." Moore. 




09, 


James G. Blauvelt. 


10, 


11, 


12, Thomas F. McCran. 


10, 


11, 


12, Leonard Plkaart. 




11, 


Arthur P. Jackson. 




12, 


William W. Watson. 




12, 


G. H. Vermuelen. 




13, 


Robert F. Buckley. 




13, 


James E. Kerwiu. 




13, 


Robert A. Roe, 




13, 


James Matthews. 




13, 


Joseph A. Delaney. 


54, 


15, 


, William J. Barbour. 


14- 


-17, 


George H. Dalrymple. 


14. 


15, 


, William Hughes. 


14- 


-16. 


John Hunter. 


14—17, 


Edmund B. Randall. 




16, 


John H. Adamson. 




18. 


Josiah Dadley. 




17. 


Clinton D. Ackerman. 


17- 


-19. 


Henry G. Hershfleld. 


17- 


-19, 


Fred J. Tattersall. 


18, 


19. 


, Thomas Foxhall, Jr. 


18, 


19. 


, William R. Rogers. 




18, 


Albin Smith. 




19, 


William W. Evans. 



Salem County. 



45, David Wiley. 
45, Isaiah Conklyn. 

45, Robert Hewitt. 

46, Ephraim Carel. 

46, Charles Bilderback. 
46, George Remster. 



47, Joseph M. Springer. 

47. James Vanmeter. 

48, Joseph Foster. 

48, BenJ. F. McCollister. 

48, Joseph R. Chew. 

49, James H. Trenchard. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



207 





49, 




49, 




50, 




50, 




50, 




51, 




51, 




51, 




52, 




52, 




53, 




53, 




54, 




54, 




55, 




55, 




5(3. 




56, 




57, 


57- 


-59, 


58, 


59. 




60, 


60, 


61, 




61, 




62. 




62, 




03, 


OM, 


64, 




64, 




65. 


65. 


66, 


6G, 


67. 




67, 




68, 


68, 


69, 


09, 


70, 




45. 




45, 




45. 




46, 


46, 


47, 




46. 


47^19, 


47—49, 


4&— 50. 




50. 


50. 


51, 




51. 


51. 


52. 




52. 


53. 


54. 


54—56. 




55. 


56, 


57. 




57. 


58, 


59, 


58, 


59, 


60, 


61, 


61- 


-63, 


62, 


63, 



Isaac Llpplncott. 
John Fowler. 
Charles B. Newell. 
David Slthens. 
Benjamin Kemster. 
Smith BUderback. 
Charles Benner. 
Haruian Rl'ihman. 
Jacob Hltchner. 
John C. Lummls. 
Nathaniel G. Swing. 
John Blackwood. 
Isaiah D. Clawson. 
KIchard Grier. 
Joshua Thompson. 
John Harris. 
Joseph Kllle. 
Samuel Plummer. 
William Beckett. 
Thomas B. Jones. 
Alfred Slmpklns. 
Samuel Ilabermayer. 
Joshua Llpplncott. 
Owen I.. louej. 
William r. Somers. 
Samuel D. Miller. 
Joseph Waddlngton. 
Joseph W. Cooper. 
William N. Hancock. 
William Callahan. 
A. M. P. V. n. Dlckesun. 
Samuel Garrison. 
John S. Newell. 
Henry M. Wright. 
Andrew S. Reevee. 
Charles F. II. Cra.T. 



70, David Evans. 

71, John W. Dickinson. 

71, John Hltchner. 

72, Smith Hewitt. 

72, 73, Daniel P. Darrell. 

73, 74, William Iszard. 

74, 75, William B. Carpenter. 
75, Charles P. Swing. 

70, Richard Coles. 

76—78, Qulnton Keasbey. 

77, John S. Elwell. 

78, William C. Kates. 
79—81, Henry Barber. 

79 — 81, John T. Garwood. 

82—84, Henry Combs. 

86, Joseph D. Whltaker 

87, William Newell. 

88, Millard F. Riley. 
90, John C. Ward. 
92, James Strlmple. 
94, William Diver. 
90, Charles W. Powers. 

98, Joseph B. Crispen. 

99, Frank Wright. 
1900, 01, Henry J. Blohm. 

02, John Tyler 

03, Ephraim C. Harris. 
04—06, Thomas E. Hunt. 

07, 08, 10, Samuel A. Ridgway. 

09, John D. Schade. 

11, Chas. L. Richmond. 

12. 1."?. Isaac S. Smick 

14, William M. Wheatley. 

15 — 17. Lemuel II. Greenwood. 

IS, 19, Charles B. Robin.son, Hr. 



85, 



89, 
91, 
93, 
95, 
97. 



Somer.«iiet County. 



Peter Voorhees. 
Samuel Reynolds. 
Peter Kline. 
James R. Elmendorf. 
Peter T. Beekman. 
Jonathan Cory. 
Snmuel K. Martin. 
F. V. D. Voorhees. 
Jotin M. Wyckoff. 
Samuel S. Doty. 
53. John De ^Slott. 
Frederick D. Brokaw. 
Eiigene S. Doughty. 
Mlcliael R. Nevlus. 
John II. Anderson. 
John S. Hoagland. 
Alvah Lewis. 
Cornelius M. Schomp. 
Cornelius N. Allen. 
Nehemlah V. Steele. 
60. Elisha B. Wood. 
70, J. W. Arrowsmlth. 
John G. Schenck. 
John M. Mann. 



64, 


65, 


Daniel Corey. 


64, 


65, 


66, Rynier A. Staats. 


66, 


67, 


Ralph Davenport. 




67, 


Peter A. Voorhees. 




68. 


Abraham T. Huff. 


68. 


69. 


John J. Bergen. 


69- 


-"i"!, 


John R. Staats. 




71, 


James Doty. 


72, 


73, 


David D. Smalley. 


72. 


73, 


74, Jno. G. Schenck. 


T4, 


75, 


William P. Sutphia. 


75- 


-77, 


Joseph H. Voorhees. 


76, 


77, 


91, 92. Jas. J. Bergen. 


7S— 80. 


John Rlngelmann. 


78—80. 


J. Newton Voorhees. 




81. 


John L. Oakey. 


81, 


82. 


William A. Schomp. 


83, 


84. 


Cornelius S. Hoffman. 


85, 


86. 


John Vetterlein. 




87. 


Heorge E. Pace. 




88. 


Oscar Conkllng. 


89, 


90. 


Jacob Klotz. 




93, 


George II. Cramer. 


94, 


95, 


Frank W. Somers. 



208 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



9G, Charles A. Reed. 

97, 98, Peter V. D. Van Doren. 

99, 1900, Edward E. Cooper. 

01, 02, Henry \V. Iloagland. 

03, 04, Sam'l S. Swackliamer. 

05, 00, Irving Hoagland. 

07, 08, 09, 10, Wm. W. Smalley. 



11, Geo. M. La Monte. 

12, William de La Koche 
Anderson. 

13, 14, Azariab RL Beeknian. 
15, 16, Ogden IL Hammond. 
17 — v.), John S. Anierman. 



Sussex County. 



45, 

45, 

45, 

40, 

46, 47, 

46—48, 

47—49, 

48—50, 

49, 

50, 51, 

50, 51, 

51, 

52, 

52—54, 

52, 55, 

53, 54, 
53, 54, 

55, 
55—57, 
56—58, 
50—58. 

58. 
59. 60. 
59, GO, 
59, GO, 

61, 

62, 
62—64, 



Absalom Dunning. 


63, 64, : 


Jesse Bell. 


65, ! 


Timothy IT. Cook. 


65—67, 


Julin Hunt. 


66, 67, 1 


Peter Young. 


68—70, : 


Thos. D. Armstrong. 


68-70, 1 


Peter Iloyt. 


71, : 


Jacob Hornbeck, Jr. 


71, 72, : 


Martin Ryerson. 


75, 76, 


Guy Price. 


77, 78, 


William Simonson. 


79—81, 


Daniel D. Decker. 


82—84, 


George W. Collver. 


85—87, 


Timothy E. Shay. 


88—90, 


Aaron K. Stlnson. 


91—93, . 


Benjamin Hamilton. 


94—96, 


Luther Hill. 


97, 


James L. Decker. 


98, 99, 


Daniel D. Gould. 


1901, ' 


William Smith. 


02, 03, 


John W. Opdyke. 


05, 


Sanford Mclveeby. 


06—08, 


Martin Cole. 


09, 10, 


61, Charles Mackerly. 


13, 14, 


61. Daniel D. Decker. 


16. 


Willlanj Price. 


17, 18, 


Thomas N. McCarter. 


19, 


William H. Bell. 




Union 


County. 



70, 



58, Benjamin M. Price. 

58, Carmon Parse. 

59, William Stiles. 
Elston Marsh. 
David Mulford. 
Israel O. Maxwell. 
John J. High. 
Samuel L. Moore. 
Noah Woodruff. 
Philip Dougherty. 
Joseph T. Crowell. 

QQ, John 11. Crane. 

66. Thomas J. Lee. 

67, A. M. W. Ball. 
67, Enos W. Rnnyon. 
69, John II. Whelan. 

69, DeWltt C. Hough. 

70, Albert A. Drake. 

71, 75. Ferd. Blancke. 



60, 


61, 




61, 




62, 


f>2 


63, 


63,' 


64, 


64, 


65. 




65, 



Robert Hamilton. 
Samuel Fowler. 
William M. lliff. 
73, 74, F. M. Ward. 
Hiram C. Clark. 
Samuel II. Hunt. 
Peter Smith. 
Lebbeus Martin. 
William Owen. 
George Greer. 
Lewis J. Martin. 
William E. Ross. 
Horatio N. Kinney, 
Andrew J. Bale. 
Jacob Swartwout. 
William P. Coursen. 
Horace E. Rude. 
1900, Elviu E. Smith. 
Theodore M. Roe. 
04, Lewis S. lUff. 
Vacancy.* 
Levi H. Morris. 
11, 12, Chas. A. Meyer. 
15, Henry T. Kays. 
Edward Ackerson. 
Philil) S. Wilson. 
Haruld M. Simpson. 



71, Joseph W. Yates. 

72, Andrew Dutcher. 
-74, William McKluley. 

73, John H. Lufberry. 
73, Jabez B. Cooley. 
75. William IT. Gill. 
75. Ellas R. Pope. 
77. Moses F. Cary. 

77, Benjamin A. Vail. 
-78. John Egan. 

78. Josejth B. Coward. 
-80, George M. Stiles. 

80. Philip H. Vernon. 

-82, John T. Dunn. 

82, George T. Parrott. 

-83, Frank L. Sheldon. 

84, Edward J. Byrnes. 

84, Asa T. Woodruff. 

84, DeWitt C. Hough. 



•Jaclcson R. 
of Legislature. 



Decker was elected, but died before meelliig 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



20J 



85, Jacob Kirkner. 
85, 86, Peter L. Iluglies. 
85—87, William H. Corbln. 
80, 87, Wm. Chamberlain. 
87, 88, John J. Matthews. 
S8 — 90, Foster M. Voorhees. 
88—90, John Ulrich. 
89, 90, Fre(]oricl: C. Marsh. 
91, 92, John Carroll. 
91—93, George Kyte. 
91 — 93, Thomas F. Lane. 

Timothy M. Kelly, 

John N. Burger. 

Joseph Cross. 

Charles N. Codding. 

Jlenry Clause. 

J. Martin Itoll. 

William K. Codington. 

Oeorge A. Squire. 

Roger F. Murray. 
9*J, Robert G. Houston. 
1900, 01, Ellis R. Meeker. 
1900, 01, Chester M. Smith. 
1900, 01. Charles S. Foote. 

02, Frederick Miller. 
02. 03, William Newcorn. 





93, 


94, 


95, 


94, 


95, 


94, 


95, 


96, 


97, 


9(J, 


97, 


9G, 


97, 


98, 


99, 


98, 


99, 


98. 


99, 



03, William F. Hall. 

05, Edward S. Coyne. 

04, Charles L. Moffett. 
04, Joseph T. Hague. 
04, Joseph H. Gunu. 

-07, Peter Tiliman. 
-07, *Randol|)h Perkins. 

06, Everard K. Tucker. 

08, John R. Moxon. 

09, 10, Carlton B. Pierce. 

09, Albert F. Kirsteln. 

10, Augustus W. Schwartz. 

11, Lloyd Thompson. 

11, Calvin E. Brodhead. 
l[i, II. J. McLaughlin. 

12, William F. Groves. 
12. George C. Otto. 

12, George L. Babcock. 

14, William A. Leonard. 

14, John J. (iriflin. 

14, Francis V. Dobbins. 
-17, William N. Runyon. 
-19, Charles L. Morgan. 
-19. Arthur N. Pierson. 

19, Arthur E. Warner. 



Warren 



45, 

45, 
45, 40, 
46—48, 
46—48, 
47-49, 
49—51, 
49—51, 
50, 51, 

52, 
52—54, 
52—54, 
54—56. 
55—57, 
55—57, 
57—59, 

58, 
58, .59, 
.59—61, 

60, 
60—62, 
61, 63, 
62—64, 
6.3—65, 
64—66. 
65, 66, 
66—68, 
67, 68, 
67—69, 
69—71, 
69—71. 
70—72, 



Abram Wildrick. 
Stephen Warne. 
Robert C. Caskey. 
Jonathan Shotwell. 
Amos II. Drake. 
Samuel Mayberry. 
Andrew Ribble. 
Benjamin Frltts. 
53, John Loller. 
John Cllne. 
John Sherrer. 
David V. C. Crate. 
George II. Beatty. 
Archibald Osborn. 
John White. 
Isaac Lelda. 
Abm. S. Van Horn. 
William Felt. 
Robert Rusling. 
Philip Siioemaker. 
John C. Bennett. 
David Smith. 
William W. Strader. 
Elijah Allen. 
Charles G. Iloagland. 
Silas Young. 
Andrew J. Fulmer. 
.lohn N. Givens. 
Nelson Vllet. 
Absalom R. Pursell. 
Caleb II. Valentine. 
William Silverthorn. 



County. 

72 — 74, Valentine Mutchler. 
73 — 75, Joseph Anderson. 

75, John M. Wyckoff. 

76, William Carpenter. 
76—78, Elias J. Mackey. 
77—79, Silas W. De Witt. 

79 — 81, Coursen 11. AlbertHon. 
80—82, William Frltts. 

82, Robert Bond. 
83—85, Stephen C. Larlson. 
83—85, Isaac Wildrick. 

86, Thomas L. Titus. 
86, 87, William M. Balrd. 
87—89, Samuel B. Mutchler. 
88—91, Elli)halet Hoover. 
90—92, Daniel W. ITagerty. 
92—94, L. Milton Wilson. 

93, Richard IL Sheppard. 
94, 95, Samuel V. Davis. 

95, George W. Smith. 
96—98, Alfred L. Flummerfelt. 
96—98. William K. Bowers. 
90—1901, Hiram D. White. 
99—1901, Jacob B. Smith. 

02, William R. Laire. 
0.3—0.5, John A. Wildrick. 
OG— OS, Joseph H. Firth. 

09, Harry B. Moon. 
10, 11, George B. Cole. 

12, 13, 14, Henry O. Carhart. 
15— 1.«, Alonzo D. Herrick. 

10, Thomas A. Shields. 



•Elected to fill vacancy caused by death of George H. Embree 
In 1905. 

14 



210 THE EXECUTIVE. 



THE EXECUTIVE, 



PREROGATIVES AND DUTIES OF THE GOVERNOR. 

The Governor is Commander-in-Chief of all the mili- 
tary and naval forces of the State; is President (ex- 
officio) of the Board of Trustees of Princeton and 
Rutgers Colleges, and also of Burlington College, and 
of the Board of Managers of the Geological Survey. 
He is Chairman of the State Board of Canvassers, and 
has power to fill any vacancy for New Jersey that may 
occur in the United States Senate. 

He is a member of the following Boards: Trustees of 
School Fund; Court of Pardons; Commissioners of 
Agricultural College Fund; Commissioners of the State 
Library and State House Commission. 

"With the advice and consent of the Senate, he has 
the power of appointing the following officers: Chan- 
cellor, Chief Justice, Judges of the Supreme Court and 
Circuit Courts, Inferior Courts and Lay Judges of the 
Court of Errors and Appeals, Attorney-General, Sec- 
retary of State, Clerk of the Court of Chancery, Clerk 
of the Supreme Court, Keeper of the State Prison, a 
Commissioner of Banking and Insurance, Prosecutors 
of the Pleas, Visitors to the State Agricultural College, 
State Board of Taxes and Assessment, Commissioner of 
Labor, State Board of Education, Commissioner of 
Education, Major-General, Quartermaster-General, 
Adjutant-General, Commissioners of Pilotage, Judges 
of the District Courts, Port Wardens and Harbor 
Masters, State Board of Medical Examiners, Public 
Utility Commissioners, County Boards of Taxes and 
Assessment, State Board of Health. Department of 
Charities and Corrections, Civil Service Commissioners, 
State Highway Commission, Inter-Slate Bridge and 
Tunnel Commission, State Architect, Fish and Game 
Commissioners, Members Board of Conservation and 
Development, Members Board of Commerce and Navi- 
gation. Superintendent of Weights and Measures, 
Commissioner of Reports, Palisades. Inter-State Park 
Commission, Board of Tenement House Supervision. 
Members State Board of Shell Fisheries, State Board 
of Fisheries, State Athletic Commission. 

Without the consent of the Senate: Oyster Commis- 
sioners, Board of Undertakers and Embalmers, Foreign 
Commissioners of Deeds, New Jersey State Pharma- 
ceutical Association, State Board of Dentistry, Inspec- 



THE EXECUTIVE. 211 

tors of Steamboats, Private Secretary, Notaries Public, 
Managers New Jersey Firemen's Home, Inspectors of 
Power Vessels, Railroad Policemen and other Boards 
and Commissioners, and fill all vacancies that occur 
in any office during a recess of the Legislature, which 
ofllces are to be filled by the Governor and Senate, 
or Legislature in Joint Meeting; also, vacancies hap- 
pening in the offices of Clerk or Surrogate in any 
county; issues warrants for the admission of blind 
and feeble-minded children into institutions; grants 
requisitions and renditions, and has power to offer 
rewards for apprehending and securing persons 
charged with certain crimes; signs or vetoes all 
bills and jpint resolutions passed by the Legislature; 
has power to convene the Legislature, or Senate 
alone, if, in his opinion, public necessity requires 
it; grants, under the Great Seal of the State, com- 
missions to all such officers as require to be com- 
missioned; has right to borrow money for the State; 
sign all riparian leases or grants issued by the Board 
of Commerce and Navigation; he has power to re- 
prieve in cases of capital punishment, and to suspend 
fines at any time not exceeding ninety days after con- 
viction, and in case of pardon or commutation of sen- 
tence, the Governor's vote in the affirmative is neces- 
sary. 

Besides all these duties, the Governor finds it neces- 
sary to read and answer a large mass of correspond- 
ence, which comes to the department daily. All bills 
and joint resolutions passed by the Legislature are 
compared, and then indexed in the Executive Depart- 
ment, before presentation to the Governor. 

He receives a salary of $10,000 a year, and is not 
allowed any fees or perquisites what ever. 

His term of ofRce is three years. 

OFFICES FILLED BY THE LEGISLATURE IN JOINT 
MEETING. 

State Treasurer, State Comptroller, Commissioners 
of Deeds and State Director of Railroads and Canals. 



212 COUNTTES, CITIES AND BOROUGHS. 

CLASSIFICATION OF COUNTIES, CITIES 
AND BOROUGHS. 



COUNTIES. 
(See act of March 7th, chapter 8, Laws of 1911.) 

First Class — Having a population exceeding 300,000. Hud- 
son, 571,371 ; Essex, 566,324. 

Second Class — Having a population of not less than 50,000 
nor more than 300,000. Passaic, 236,364 ; Bergen, 178,596 ; 
Union, 167,332; Camden, 163,221; Middlesex, 144.716; 
Mercer, 139,812 ; Monmouth, 107,636 ; Atlantic, 82,840 ; 
Morris, 81,514 ; Burlington, 74,737 ; Cumherland, 59,481. 

Third Class — Having a population of not less than 20,000 
nor more than 50.000. Warren, 44.314 ; Somerset, 44,123 ; 
Gloucester, 43,587 ; Hunterdon, 34,697 ; Salem, 30,292 ; 
Sussex, 25,977 ; Cape May, 24,407 ; Ocean, 23,011. 

Fourth Class — All counties not emhracod in either the 
first, second or third class. None. 

CITIES. 
(See act of March 18th, 1901.) 

First Class — Having a population exceeding 150,000. 
Newark, 366,721 ; Jersey City, 270,903. 

Second Class — Having a population of not less than 12,000 
nor more than 150,000. Paterson, 124,815 ; Trenton, 103,- 
190; Camden, 102,215 ; Elizabeth, 82,036 ; Hohoken, 67,611 ; 
Bayonne, 64,461 ; Passaic, 61.225 ; East Orange, 40,961 ; 
Perth Amboy, 39,719 ; New Brunswick, 30,019 ; Orange, 
29,805 ; Plainfield, 24,516 ; Long Branch, 14,565 ; Bridgeton, 
13,611 ; Millville, 13,307. 

Third Class — All cities not embraced within either the 
first or second class, except cities binding upon the Atlantic 
Ocean and being seaside and Summer resorts. 

Fourth Class — All cities binding upon the Atlantic Ocean 
and being seaside or Summer resorts. Atlantic City, 51,667. 

BOROUGHS. 

(See act of March 23d, 1883, and Supreme Court decision, 
State, Borough of Ilightstown, pros., vs. James Glenn, 18 
Vr., page 105.) 

First Class — Having a population exceeding 3,000 
Second Class — Having a population between 1,500 and 

3,000. 

Third Class — All boroughs and incorporated villages not 

contained in the first and second classes. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 213 

NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 



The following Is a list of the titles of newspapers pub- 
lished In the State of New Jersey, town and county where 
published, time of publication, political or special char- 
acter, and names of editors and publishers : 



ATLANTIC COUNTY. 

NEWS — Egg Harbor City. Weekly, on Wednesday, Re- 
publican. Frank O. Breder, publisher. 

riLOT-TRIBUNE — Egg Harbor City. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Republican. Henry Gries, editor and publisher. 

SOUTH JERSEY REPUBLICAN— Hammonton. Weekly, on 
Saturday. Republican. Hoyt & Son, editors and pub- 
lishers. 

SOUTH JERSEY STAR— Hammonton. Weekly. Independ- 
ent. Thomas B. Delker, editor and publisher. 

LA LEBEA — Hammonton. Weekly, Saturday. Republican. 
Nicholas Casban, editor and publisher. 

ATLANTIC CITY GAZETTE-REVIEW— Atlantic City. 
Daily, except Sunday. Republican. Gazette-Review Co. 
James M. Healey, editor. 

ATLANTIC CITY DAILY PRESS— Atlantic City. Daily, 
every morning, except Sunday. Republican. Daily Press 
T'nion Co. Ernest F. Smith, editor. 

ATLANTIC COUNTY RECORD— Mays Landing. Weekly, 
on Saturday. Repul>lican. Ira T. B. Smith, editor. 

EVENING UNION — Atlantic City. Every afternoon, ex- 
cept Sunday. Republican. Daily Press Union Co. Mary 
North Chenowith. editor. Office in Daily I'ress Building. 

SUNDAY GAZETTE — Atlantic City. Weekly, on Sunday. 
Republican. Gazette-Review Co. James M. Healey, 
editor. 

PLEASANTVILLE PRESS — Pleasantville. Weekly, on 
Wednesday. Republican. S. E. Whitman & Sons, pro- 
prietors. B. E. Whitman, editor. 

VENTNOR NEWS— Ventnor City (Atlantic City). Weekly, 
on Saturday. Independent. J. Frank I'eters. 



BERGEN COUNTY. 

THE EVENING RECORD — Hackensack. Evening. Inde 

pendent. Evening Record Publishing Company, publishers. 

Evan G. Runner, editor. 
THE HACKENSACK REPUBLLJAN — Hackensack. Weekly, 

on Thursday. Republican. Eugene K. Bird, editor and 

publisher. 



214 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 

THE BERGEN COUNTY DEMOCRAT — Ilatkensack. 

Weekly. Democratic. Democrat I'uljlishin.s; Company. 
Sarah D. Ford, president. 

CARLSTADT FREIE PRESSE (Gcr ::an) — Carlstadt. 
Weekly, on Saturday. Independent. August Moencli, 
editor. 

THE BULLETIN— Carlstadt. Weekly, on Saturday. John 
B. Shedney, editor. 

THE ENGLEWOOD PRESS — Englewood. Weekly, on 
Saturday. Republican. Joseph H. Tillotson, editor and 
proprietor. 

RECORD. — Tenafly, Weekly, on Thursday. Republican. 
Tenafly Publishing Company. J. Z. Demarest, editor. 

THE NEWS— Ridgewood. Weekly, on Friday. F. A. Bax- 
ter, publisher. 

THE PARK RIDGE LOCAL— Park Ridge. Published 
weekly, on Wednesday. James B. II. Storms and John C. 
Storms, editors and proprietors. 

RUTHERFORD REPUBLICAN, AND RUTHERFORD 
AMERICAN— Rutherford. Weekly, on Saturday. Ruther- 
ford Publishing Company. Republican. Frank P. New- 
man, editor. 

THE ENTERPRISE — East Rutherford. Weekly, on 
Wednesday. Republican. The Petrie Press, publisher. 
Alexander G. Cattermole, editor. 

THE BERGEN ADVERTISER— East Rutherford. Friday 
and Sunday. Independent Republican. W. G. Brow^n, 
editor. 

THE SENTINEL — Fort Lee. Weekly, on Thursday. Re- 
publican. J. N. Race, publisher. 

THE NEWS-LETTER — Ilasbrouck Heights. Weekly, on 
Tuesday. Alonzo Chf.mberlain. editor and publisher. 

RIDGEFIELD PARK BULLETIN — Weekly, on Thursday. 
Independent. Charles Enders. editor. 

RIDGEWOOD HERALD— Weekly, on Thursday. Republi- 
can. Brainard G. Smith, editor and proprietor. 

THE RAMSEY JOURNAL — Ramsey. Weekly, on Friday. 
Republican. John Y. Dater, Jr., editor and proprietor. 

THE SATURDAY REVIEW— Bergenfield. Weekly. Inde- 
pendent. The Bergenfield Press. Wm. R. and Milton O. 
Jones, Jr., proprietors. William R. Jones, editor. 

THE REVIEW — Ridgefield Park. Weekly, on Thursday. 
James E. Williams, editor and proprietor. 

PALISADIAN— Palisades. Weekly. Democratic. Charles T. 
Logan, editor and owner. 

THE BERGEN TIMES AND ENGLEWOOD REVIEW— 
Teaneck. Weekly, on Saturday. Bergen Times Company, 
publishers. 

SOUTH BERGEN EAGLE— Lyndhurst. Saturday. In- 
dependent Republican. vSouth Bergen Publishing Co. IT. 
Kirke White, editor. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 215 

GARFIELD NEWS — Garfield. Friday. Independent Repub- 
lican. South Bergen Publishing Co. II. Kirke White, 
editor. 

THE GARFIEID GUARDIAN— Garfield. Weekly. In- 
dependent. Ralph W. Chandless, editor. 

LYNDHURST INDEPENDENT — Lyndhurst. Thursday. 
Fred Wagner, editor. 

WESTWOOD CHRONICLE — Westwood. Weekly. Inde- 
pendent. James B. H. and John C. Storms, publishers. 

INTERBORO NEWS — Teaneck Township, North Ilackensack. 
Saturday. H. Frank Smith, editor. 

BOROUGH NEWS — Edgewater. Saturday. Independent. 
B. F. Underwood, editor. 



BURLINGTON COUNTY. 

NEW JERSEY MIRROR— Mount Holly. Weekly, on 
Wednesday. Republican. Charles H. Folwell, editor and 
proprietor. 

THE MOUNT HOLLY HERALD— Mount Holly. Weekly, 
on Saturday. Democratic. Sleeper & LaTour, publishers. 

NEWS — Mount Holly. Weekly, on l\iesday. Republican. 
H. L. Walters and Joseph C. Kingdon, proprietors. J. 
C. Kingdon. editor. 

BURLINGTON GAZETTE— Burlington. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Democratic. James M. Davis, publisher. 

THE NEW JERSEY ENTERPRISE— Burlington. Dally. In 
the afternoon. Republican. Joseph R. & C. Harry Chees- 
man. owners. Ivcwis A. Craft, editor. 

BORDENTOWN REGISTER— Bordentown. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Independent. James D. Magee, editor. 

BEVERLY BANNER— Beverly. Weekly, on Friday. In- 
dependent. L. W. Perkins, editor and proprietor. 

MOORESTOWN CHRONICLE AND REPUBLICAN — 
Moorestown. Weekly, on Thursday. Independent. W. J. 
Lovell, editor. 

BURLINGTON COUNTY PRESS— Riverside. Weekly, on 
Friday. Independent. Hiram D. Torrie, Jr., editor and 
proprietor. 

THE NEW ERA — Weekly, on Saturday. Independent. 
Riverton. Walter L. Bowen, publisher. J. D. Janney, 
M.D.. editor. 

THE WE1':KLY NEWS — Palmyra. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Independent. Frank E. Chambers, editor. 

THE CENTRAL RECORD— Marlton and Medford. Weekly, 
on Thursday. Independent. Central Record Publishing 
Company. Charles F. Clymer, editor. 



216 NEW JERSEY NEWSPArERS. 



CAMDEN COUNTY. 

WEST JERSEY PRESS— Camden. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Republican. Sinnlckson Chew & Sons' Company, pub- 
lislaers and proprietors. Harry C. Dole, editor. 

CAMDEN POST-TELEGRAM— Camden. Daily, in the af- 
ternoon. Republican. Post-Telegram Company, pro- 
prietors. Upton S. Jcfferys, editor. F. F. Patterson, Jr., 
manager. 

CAMDEN DAILY COURIER— Camden. Daily, In the after- 
noon. Ropnlilican. George A. Frey, publisher. Benjamin 
W. Court(u-. editor. W. L. Tushinghaiii, innnagcr. 

CAMDEN COUNTY JOURNAL (German)— Camden. Weekly, 
on Saturday. Republican. Camden Journal Publishing 
Co., publishers. Otto Erdlcn, editor. 

THE VOK^E OF LABOR— Camden. Weekly, on Friday. So- 
cialist. William L. II. Bunker, editor. 

THE TRIBUNE— Iladdonfield. Weekly, on Thursday. Re- 
publican. The Tribune Publishing Co., publishers. W. G. 
Taylor, manager. 

THE CAMDEN TIMES— Camden. Weekly, on Thursday, 
Democratic. John J. Tischner, publisher. 

CAMDEN ARGUS AND EAST SIDE PRESS— Camden. Re- 
publican. Weekly, on Thursday. William H. Jefferys, 
St., editor and publisher. 

MERCHANTVILLE TIMES— Merchantville. Weekly, on 
Saturday. Herbert Freeman, editor and publisher. 

HADDON GAZETTE— Iladdonfield. Weekly, on Thursday. 
Hiester Clymer, publisher, and Victor II. Clymer, editor. 

MAGNOLIA PRESS — Magnolia. Weekly, on Thursday. 
Republican. C. J. Klein, publisher. 

THE (M^EMENTON RECORD— Clemcnton. Weekly, on Sat- 
urday. D. De Buys, publisher. 

COLLINGSWOOD HERALD— Collingswood. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Rppublican. Herald Publishing Company, 
publishers. Herbert E. Freeman, editor. 

WEEKLY RETROSPECT— Collingswood. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Collingswood Publishing Co., puhlishers. 

THE ADVERTISER — Berlin. Weekly, on Saturday. In- 
dependent. Advertiser Publishing Company, publishers. 

CAPE MAY COUNTY. 

CAPE MAY STAR AND WAVE— Cape May City. Re- 
publican. Weekly, on Saturday. Star and Wave Pub- 
lishing Company. Albert Reovo Hand, manager. 

CAPE MAY COUNTY GAZETTE — Cape May Court House. 
Weekly, on Friday. Republican. Alfred Cooper, editor 
and publisher. 

SENTINEL — Ocean City. Weekly, on Thursday. Republi- 
can. R. Curtis Robinson, editor and proprietor. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 217 

FIVE-MILE BEACH JOURNAL — Wildwood. Independent. 
Weekly, on Wednesday. Jed Dubois, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

OCEAN CITY LEDGER — Weekly, on Saturday. Prohibition. 
New Jersey Methodist Publishing Company, proprietors. 
Rev. James E. Lake, editor. 

SUN-TRIBUNE — Wildv.ood. Weekly, on Saturday. Demo- 
cratic. Charles R. Page, editor. 

CAPE MAY COUNTY TIMES— Sea Isle City. Weekly, on 
Friday. Independent Republican. W. A. Haffert. editor. 

TUCKAHOE HERALD— Tuckahoe. Independent. Weekly, 
on Friday. Stanley Craig, editor. 



CUMBERLAND COUNTY. 

BRIDGETON EVENING NEWS— Bridgeton. Republican. 
Evening News Company, publishers. J. W. Richardson, 
editor and manager. 

BRIDGETON DAILY PIONEER— Bridgeton. Daily. Re- 
publican. George W. McCowan, editor and publisher. 

DOLLAR WEEKLY NEWS— Bridgeton. Independent. 

Weekly, on Saturday. Evening News Company, pub- 
lishers. 

THE EVENING JOURNAL — Vineland. Afternoon. Demo- 
cratic. George C. Ladd Estate, publishers. 

MILLVILLE DAILY REPUBLICAN— Millville. Evening. Re- 
publican. Republican Publishing Company, publishers. W. 
E. Middleton, business manager. 

THE ADVERTISER — I'ort Norris. Weekly. Advertiser 
I'rinting Co.. publishers. 

MAURICE RIVER PILOT AND HERALD— Mauricetown. 
Weekly, on Friday. Independent. Lewis S. Howell and 
Leland S. Howell, owners. Lewis S. Howell, editor. 



ESSEX COUNTY. 

NEWARK EVENING NEWS — Newark. Afternoon. Inde- 
pendent. Evening News Publishing Company. Wallace 
M. Scudder, publisher ; Edward W. Scudder, editor. 

THE NEWARK STAR-EAGLE — Newark. Afternoon. In- 
dependent. Newark Star Publishing Co. Nathaniel C. 
Wright, editor. II. S. Talmadgc, president and general 
manager. 

NEWARK MORNING LEDGER — Newark. Morning, evening 
and Sunday. Independent. L. T. Russell, editor and pub- 
lisher. Frank Higgins. managing editor. 

NEW JERSEY FREIE ZEITUNG (German)— Newark. 
Daily, also Sunday edition. Repuhlican. W^ashington Pub- 
lishing Company, J. G. Nolan, president and treasurer ; 
George Schierholz, secretary. 



218 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 

THE SUNDAY CALL— Newark. Weekly, on Sunday. In- 
dependent. The Newark Call Printing and Publishing 
Company, publishers. G. Wisner Thorne, president and 
treasurer. William S. Hunt, secretary. G. Wisner 
Thorne, Louis Hannoch and Frank J. Urquhart, di- 
rectors. G. Wisner Thorne, editor. 

DER EKZAIILER (German) — Newark. Sunday edition of 
New Jersey Frele Zeitung. Weekly, on Sunday, Kepubli- 
can. I'ublished at the New Jersey Freie Zeitung office. 

UNION (Colored) — Orange. Saturday. Republican George 
R. Pratt, editor. 

TOWN TALK — Newark. Weekly, on Saturday. Independent. 
T. E, Burke and Herman E. L. Beyer, editors and pub- 
lishers. 

JUSTICE— Newark. Official publication New Jersey Fed- 
eration of Liquor Interests. First and third Tuesdays, 
each month. J. H. Buckrldge, editor. 

RAILROAD EMPLOYEE— Newark. Monthly. Benjamin E. 
Chapin, editor and publisher. 

THE MONITOR — Newark. Weekly, on Saturday. Catholic. 
The Monitor Company. Rev. Wm. P. Cantwell, editor-in- 
chief. A. B. Ford, publisher. James Golden, manager. 

THE AMERICAN ISSUE— Newark. Bi-Weekly. Anti- 
Saloon. Samuel Wilson, editor. 

LA TRIBUNA— Newark. Weekly. Olindo Marzulli, editor 
and publisher. 

LA MONTAGNA (THE MOUNTAIN) (Italian)— Newark. 
Republican. Weekly, on Saturday. F. A. Fiore, editor. 

THE REVIEW— LA RIVISTA (Italian and English)— New- 
ark. Weekly. Richard F. Mattia. proprietor. 

KRONIKA (Polish) — Newark. Weekly, on Thursday. Po- 
litical, industrial and commercial. Kronika Publishing 
Company, proprietors. Managing editor, Boleslaw J. 
Strzelecki. 

THE ORANGE ADVERTISER— Orange. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Democratic. Orange Advertiser Publishing Com- 
pany. Robert Wright, president. F. C. Shann, editor. 

LA VERITA — Orange. Weekly. Independent. John Pon- 
zinl, owner. Loui De FabrettI, editor. 

EAST ORANGE RECORD— East Orange. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. Independent. L. C. Gilles, editor and publisher. 

THE INDEPENDENT PRESS— Bloomfield. Weekly, on 
Friday. Independent. Press Publishing Co., publishers. 
Charles R. Blunt, editor. 

MONTCLAIR TIMES — Montclair. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Republican. Established 1877 by A. C. Studer, editor and 
publisher. 

THE MONTCLAIR HERALD— Montclair. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Montclair Herald Company, publishers. 

THE CLINTON WEEKLY— Irvington. Weekly, on Friday. 
Independent. The Clinton Publishing Co. Walter S. 
Gray, managing editor. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 219 

THE ROSEVILLE CITIZEN— Newark. Weekly. The Cit- 
izens Publishing Co. R. W. Bennett, owner and manager. 
Devoted to the interests of Roseville. 

THE HOME NEW« — Maplewood. Weekly. Independent. 
Suburban Publishing Company. J. F. Kempson, editor. 

THE SHORT HILLS ITEM— Short Hills. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Independent. J. F. Kempson, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

THE CALDWELL PROGRESS— Caldwell. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Independent. The I'rogress Publishing Company. 
William H. Van Wart, editor and publisher. 

SUN — Nutley. Weekly, on Saturday. E. B. Foy, publisher. 
Johnson Foy. editor. 

THE BELLEVILLE TIMES— Belleville. Weekly. In- 
dependent. S. II. Blaydes, president and manager. 

GLOUCESTER COUNTY. 

THE CONSTITUTION— Woodbury. Weekly, on Wednesday. 
Republican. The Constitution Company, publishers. 
Louis W. Albright, editor. 

GLOUCESTER COUNTY DEMOCRAT— Woodbury. Weekly, 
on Thursday. Democratic. J. D. Carpenter & Son, editors 
and publishers. 

WEEKLY ITEM— NewQeld. Weekly, on Friday. Demo- 
cratic. J. Hampton Leonard, editor and publisher. 

THE NEWS — Swedesboro. Weekly, on Friday. Republican. 
Wilbur Knight Sloan, editor and publisher. 

WOODBURY DAILY TIMES— Woodbury. Daily, except 
Sunday. Independent-Republican. J. Frank Wilson, edi- 
tor and publisher. 

THE SUN — Paulsboro. Weekly, on Friday. Republican. 
Charles M. Gwilliam. editor and publisher. 

THE REPORT — Paulsboro. Weekly. Chas. W. Hawn, 
editor. 

PITMAN GROVE REVIEW— Pitman. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Independent Republican. Paul Peterson, editor. 

HUDSON COUNTY. 
THE JERSEY JOURNAL— Jersey City. Afternoon. Re- 
publican. The Evening Journal Association, publishers. 

Joseph A. Dear, editor. 
JERSEY CITY HERALD— .Jersey City. Weekly, on Friday. 
, Independent. John J. McHugh, publisher and editor. 
HUDSON OBSERVER — Hoboken. Afternoon. Democratic. 

Iloboken Printing and Publishing Company, publishers. 

John P. McCormick, editor. 
THE POST (German) — Hoboken. Weekly, on Saturday. 

Democratic. William Faas. publisher and editor. 
BAYONNE HERALD— Bayonne. Weekly, on Saturday. 

Democratic. Estate of H. C. Page, publishers. Hugh H. 

Mara, editor. 



220 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 

THE EVENING TIMES AND BAYONNE DAILY TIMES— 
Daily, except Sunday. Independent. Evening Times Print- 
ing and Publishing Company, proprietors. Herljert Martin, 
editor. 

BAYONNE REVIEW — Bayonne. Afternoon. The Argus 
Press. Inc., publishers. L. E. Travis, editor. 

BAYONNE DEMOCRAT— Bayonne. Weekly, on Thursday. 
Democratic. Michael R. Freel. editor and proprietor. 

HUDSON COUNTY DISPATCH— Union Hill. Daily. In- 
dependent Democratic. Dispatch Printing Company, pub- 
lishers. Thomas F. Martin, editor. 

KEARNY RECORD — Harrison. Weekly, on Friday. In- 
dependent Democratic. Philip A. McAviney, editor and 
proprietor. 

THE OBSERVER — Arlington. Weekly, on Saturday. In- 
dependent Republican. W. W. Beadell, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

WEST HUDSON PRESS— Kearny. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Independent. John J. Fagan, publisher. James J. Mc- 
Ateer, editor. 

HUDSON COUNTY REVUE (German)— Town of Union. 
Democratic. Weekly, on Saturday. Robert Benning, 
owner. Paul E. Nehring. editor. 

NORTH HUDSON NEWS— West Hoboken. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Independent. Dixie Anzer. editor and proprietor. 

JERSEY VOICE (Jewish) — Bayonne. Weekly, on Friday. 
L. Brein, editor and publisher. 

THE LABOR REVIEW — Jersey City. Monthly. Kenneth 
N. Forbes, proprietor and editor, 2277 Boulevard, Jersey 
City. 



HUNTERDON COUNTY. 

HUNTERDON COUNTY DEMOCRAT— Flemington. Weekly, 
on Wednesday. Democratic. Anthony Killgore, editor and 
proprietor. 

DEMOCRAT-ADVERTISER— Flemington. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Democratic. A. T. Voorhees, editor and proprietor. 

HUNTERDON REPUBLICAN — Flemington. Weekly, on 
Wednesday. Republican. W. A. Abbott, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

THE BEACON — Lambertville. Weekly, on Thursday. 
Democratic. J. N. Hazen. editor and proprietor. 

THE LAMBERTVILLE RECORD— Lambertville. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Independent. Jesse M. Hunt, owner. 

THE CLINTON DEMOCRAT— Clinton. Weekly, on Wed- 
nesday. Democratic. Leon A. Carpenter, editor and 
publisher. 

HUNTERDON INDEPENDENT — Frenchtown. Weekly, on 
Friday. Independent. J. B. Stout, editor and nublisher. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 221 

TUB FRENCHTOWN STAR— Frenchtown. Weekly, on 
Wednesday. Independent. William H. Sipes, editor and 
publisher. 

MILFORD LEADER — Milford. Weekly, on Tliursday. In- 
dependent. W. H. Farrand, proprietor and editor. 

WEEKLY AVALANCHE — Glen Gardner. Weekly, on Wed- 
nesday. Democratic. E. W. Rush, editor and publisher. 

THE HUNTERDON GAZETTE— High Bridge. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Independent. High Bridge Printing Company, 
proprietor. F. G. Andrews, editor and manager. 

WEEKLY REVIEW — White House Station. Independent. 
F. R. Shampanore, publisher and editor. 

MERCER COUNTY. 

STATE GAZETTE — Trenton. Daily. Indepoudcut Repub- 
lican. The State Gazette Publishing Company, proprietors. 
Charles H. Baker, business manager. 

THE TRENTON EVENING TIMES — Trenton. Afternoon. 
Independent. Trenton Times Company, publishers. James 
Kerney, editor. Owen Moon, Jr., business manager. 

THE NEW JERSEY STAATS JOURNAL (German)— Tren- 
ton. Weekly. Republican. William Zcnzcr, editor and 
proprietor. 

SUNDAY TIMES-ADVERTISER— Trenton. Weekly, on Sun- 
day. Independent. Trenton Times, proprietors. Thomas 
F. Waldron, editor. Owen Moon, Jr., business manager. 

TRADES UNION ADVOCATE— Trenton. AVeekly, Friday. 
Labor. Rouben Forker, editor and publisher. 

THE FUGGETLENSEY (Hungarian News)— Trenton. Hun- 
garian. Weekly. Independent A. O. Zambory, proprietor. 

L'lTALO AMERICANO (Italian) — Trenton. Weekly. 
Rafacle Cavalieri, editor. 

IIAYDAMAKA (Ruthenian) — Trenton. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Hnat Kisil, editor. 

ILFECOLO XXmo (Italian) — Trenton. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Amando Peril li, editor. 

ORENDONYK (Polish) — Trenton. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Zvimunt Raychel, editor. 

TRENTON JEWISH WEEKLY— Trenton. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Harry L. Waxier, editor. 

IIIGHTSTOWN GAZETTE — Hightstown. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Independent. George P. Dennis, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

PRINCETON PRESS— Princeton. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Independent. Edwin M. Norris, editor and proprietor. 

THE DAILY PRINCETONIAN — Princeton. Published 
daily, except Sundays, during the college year. Devoted 
to the interests of Princeton University. Edited by stu- 
dents. 

THE HOPEWELL HERALD— Hopewell. Weekly, on Wed- 
nesday. Independent. E. V. Savidge, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

THE PENNINGTON POST— Pennington. Democratic. 
Weekly, on Wednesdays. 



222 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 



MIDDLESEX COUNTY. 

THE HOME NEWS — New Brunswick. Every afternoon, ex- 
cept Sunday. Independent. Home News Publishing Com- 
pany, proprietors. Hugh Boyd, Arthur H. Boyd and E. B. 
Boyd, editors and publishers. 

THE SUNDAY TIMES — New Brunswicls. Independent. 
Home News Publishing Company. George C. Ingling and 
Elmer B. Boyd, editors. 

THE EVENING NEWS — Perth Amboy. Daily. Independ- 
ent. Perth Amboy Evening News Company. J. Logan 
Clevenger, editor. 

THE MOSQUITO — Perth Amboy. Weekly, on Saturday. In- 
dependent. H. E. Pickersgill, editor and publisher. 

THE LEADER— Woodbridge. Weekly, on Friday. Inde- 
pendent. Woodbridge Il-intery, publishers. Mark J. 
Boyle, editor. 

THE RECORDER — Metuchen. Weekly, on Saturday. In- 
dependent Republican. Charles A. Prickitt, editor and 
proprietor. 

THE ADVANCE — Jamesburg. Weekly, on Thursday. 
Printed and published by the New Jersey State School 
for Boys. F. L. Foster, editor. 

THE CITIZEN — South Amboy. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Democratic. South Amboy Printing Company, publishers. 

THE I'RESS— Cranbury. Weekly, on Friday. Republican. 
George W. Burroughs, editor. Press Printing Company, 
proprietors. 

THE DUNELLEN WEEKLY CALL — Dunellen. Weekly, on 
Thursday. 

THE ROOSEVELT NE^^ S — Roosevelt. RepubU'^n'i Weekly, 
on Friday. Published by The News I'ublJshins Com- 
pany. Thomas Yorke, manager. 

THE RARITAN INDEPENDENT — New Brunswick. Weekly. 
Mrs. O. R. Winfield, proprietor. 



MONMOUTH COUNTY. 

THE MONMOUTH INQUIRER — Freehold. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Republican. Maxcy Applegate, editor and 
publisher. 

THE MONMOUTH DEMOCRAT— Freehold. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Democratic. Joseph A. Yard, editor and man- 
ager. 

THE TRANSCRIPT — Freehold. Weekly, on Friday. Demo- 
cratic. Moreau Bros. (Alex. L. Moreau), publishers and 
proprietors. 

NEW JERSEY STANDARD — Red Bank. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Republican. William A. Sweeney, editor. Standard 
Publishing Company, proprietors. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 223 

RED BANK REGISTER— Red Bank. Weekly, on Wednes- 
day. Independent. John 11. Cook, editor and proprietor. 

KEYPORT ENTERPRISE — Keyport. Weekly, on Friday. 
Democratic. A. F. Walling, editor and proprietor. 

KEYPORT WEEKLY— Keyport. Weekly, on Friday. Pro- 
gi"essive Republican. Benjamin F. S. Brown, editor and 
proprietor. 

THE LONG BRANCH RECORD— Long Branch. Daily and 
weekly, on Friday. Independent Democratic. F. M. Tay- 
lor Publishing Company. Frank N. Worth, editor. 

THE MONMOUTH AMERICAN— Long Branch. Bi-weekly. 
Republican. Benjamin B. Bobbitt, editor and publisher. 

THE MATAWAN JOURNAL— Matawan. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Progressive Republican. Benjamin F. S. Brown, 
editor and proprietor. 

THE SHORE PRESS— Ashury Park. Weekly, on Sunday 
Independent. J. L. Kinmonth, editor and proprietor 

ASBURY PARK EVENING PRESS— Asbury Park. Daily 
Independent. J. L. Kinmonth, editor and proprietor. 

OCEAN GROVE TIMES— Ocean Grove. Weekly, on Satur 
day. Republican. J. E. Quinn, editor. 

THE ADVERTISER— Eatontown. Weekly, on Friday 
Democratic. William T. Cole, editor, publisher and pro- 
prietor. 

THE COAST STAR— Manasquan. Weekly, on Friday. Re 
publican. Tracy M. Iloskins. editor and proprietor. 

MANASQUAN NEWS — Manasquan. Weekly, on Thursday 
Democratic. Theo. F. Hults, editor and proprietor. 

THE COAST ADVERTISER— Belmar. Weekly, on Friday 
Democratic. Fayette S. Berggren and H. C. Higgins, 
editors and publishers. 

THE JOURNAL— Atlantic Highlands. Weekly, on Thurs 
day. Independent. The Journal Company, proprietors, 
Harry B. Hart, editor. 

SPRING LAKE GAZETTE— Spring Lake Beach. Weekly, 
on Friday. Independent. John L. Coffin, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

THE ATLANTIC HIGHLANDER— Atlantic Highlands. In- 
dependent. Weekly, on Wednesda.v. Co-operative Press 
Company, publishers. Benjamin F. S. Brown, editor. 

ALLENTOWN MESSENGER— Weekly, on Thursday. J. W. 
Naylor. editor and publisher. 

THE SEACOAST NEWS— Bradley Beach. Independent. 
Weekly, on Friday. C. Arthur Hall, editor and publisher. 

THE BEACON — Keansburg. Weekly, on Thursday. Inde- 
pendent. Benjamin F. S. Brown, editor and proprietor. 



224 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 



MORRIS COUNTY. 
THE JERSEYMAN— Morristown. Weekly, on Friday. Re- 

pii1)lican. 

TRUE REPUBLICAN BANNER— Morristown. Weclvly. on 
Tliursday. Republican. John W. Smitli, treasurer ; True 
Republican Banner, Inc., publishers. 

MORRIS COUNTY PRESS— Morristown. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Republican. David King, editor. Press I'rinters & 
Publishers, Inc., publishers. 

THE DAILY RECORD— Morristown. Independent. E. H. 
Tomlinson, proprietor. 

DOVER INDEX — Dover. Weekly, on Friday. Democratic. 
, editor and proprietor. 

THE DOVER ADVANCE— Dover. Semi-weekly. Mondays 
and Thursdays. Republican. Harry R. Gill, editor and 
publisher. 

THE BULLETIN— Boonton. Weekly, on Thursday. Re- 
publican. Samuel L. Garrison, editor and publisher. 

THE TIMES — Boonton. Weekly, on Thursday. Independ- 
ent. Charles L. Grubb, editor and proprietor. 

THE EAGLE— Madison. Weekly, on Friday. Independent 
Republican. John E. Clarey, Jr., editor and publisher. 

THE RECORD — Rockaway. Weekly, on Friday. Independ- 
ent. Sidney Collins, editor and publisher. 

THE STANHOPE EAGLE— Netcong. Independent. Weekly, 
on Wednesday. George T. Keech. editor and proprietor. 

CHATHAM PRESS — Chatham. Weekly, on Saturday. In- 
dependent. J. Thomas Scott, editor and proprietor. 

THE BUTLER ARGUS— Butler. Weekly, on Friday. A. 
M. MacLeod and J. White, editors and publishers. 

OCEAN COUNTY. 

LAKEWOOD CITIZEN— Lakewood. Weekly, on Friday. In- 
dependent Republican. Harry T. Hagaman, editor and 
publisher. 

NEW JERSEY COURIER— Toms River. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Republican. W. H. Fischer, editor and proprietor. 

NEW JERSEY TRIBUNE— Toms River. Weekly. Demo- 
cratic. George Hallock, editor. 

TIMES AND JOURNAL— Lakewood. Weekly, on Friday. 
Independent. Times and Journal Publishing Company. 
Bowdoin Plumer, editor. Arthur W. Emerson, manager. 

THE TUCKERTON BEACON— Tuckerton. Weekly. E. Moss 
Mathis, editor and publisher. 

PRESS — New Egypt. Weekly, on Friday. Moore Bros., pub- 
lishers. W. Clement Moore, editor. 

OCEAN COUNTY REVIEW — Seaside Heights. Weekly. 
Shore Review Publishing Co. William H. Magill, editor 
and president. 

OCEAN COUNTY LEADER— Point Pleasant. Weekly, on 
Friday. The Leader Publishing Company, 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 225 



PASSAIC COUNTY. 

THE PATERSON PRESS-GUARDIAN— Paterson. Daily, 
afternoon, except Sunday. Independent. Guardian Print- 
ing and Puljlisiiing Co., publishers. William B. Bryant, 
editor. 

THE MORNING CALL — Paterson. Daily, except Sunday. 
Republican. Call Printing and Publisliing Company, pro- 
prietors and publishers. Ferdinand A. Friedrich, editor. 
Gairet II. Starr, business manager. 

EVENING NEWS — Paterson. Daily, afternoon, except Sun- 
day. Independent. News Printing and I'uhlishing Com- 
pany, proprietors. II. B. Haines, editor; J. C. Levine, 
business manager. 

SUNDAY CHRONICLE— Paterson. Sunday. Independent. 
The Guardian IMinting and Publishing Company, publishers 
and proprietors. William B. Bryant, business manager. 
.John L. Matthews, editor. 

DE TELEGRAF (Holland)— Paterson. Weekly. Republi- 
can. Cornelius Poelstra, publisher and editoi'. 

HET OOSTEN (Holland) — Paterson. Weekly. Independent. 
Lont & Overkamp, publishers. 

IL MASSAGGERO (Italian) — Paterson. Weekly. Nicola 
Parrillo, editor and publisher. 

RISVEGLIO (Italian) — Paterson. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Independent. Francisco Palleria, editor and publisher. 

PATERSON CENSOR — Paterson. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Byron Vandorhoven, editor and publisher. 

PASSAIC HERALD — Passaic. Daily, afternoon, except 
Sunday. Independent. E. A. Bi-istor. editor and pub- 
lisher. 

PASSAIC DAILY NEWS— Passaic. Daily, afternoon, ex- 
cept Sunday. Indepond' nt. George M. Hartt. editor. 

• News Publishing Company, proprietors and publishers. 
James T. Barker, business manager. 

THE BULLETIN— Pompton Lakes. Weekly. II. L. Wells, 
editor. Wells Printing Company, publishers. 

WOCHENBLATT (German)— Passaic. Saturday. Mrs. 
Emma Lindonstruth, editor and proprietor. 

SZABAD SAJTO (Hungarian)— Passaic. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. Independent. H. Virag, publisher. 

PASSAIC REVUE (German)— Passaic. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. Independent. Carl Posewitz, publisher. 

KATHOLISHER SOKOL (Greek-Slovak)— Passaic. Weekly, 
on Wednesdays. Independent. Rumen, Greek, Slovak 
Gymnastic Union Sockol, publishers. Gustav Kisok, editor. 

CLIFTON TIMES — Clifton. Independent. Weekly, on 
Thursdays. Clifton Times Publishing Company. Milton 
G. Levine, editor. 

CLIFTON JOURNAL— Clifton. Weekly, on Thursdays. 
William Reinhardt. editor. Reinhardt Printing and Pub- 
lishing Company, publishers. 
15 



226 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 

THE CLIFTON PPiESS— Clifton. Weekly, on Saturday. 

Independrnt. Loon L. Ilortsmann, propi'ietor and editor. 
THE HASKELL BULLETIN— Haskoll. Weekly, on Friday. 

Haskell Bulletin Publishing Company. Eaton Cook, editor. 
BLOOMINGDALE AKGUS— Bloonaingdale. Weekly, on 

Thursday. James White, editor and publisher. 
I'OMPTON LAKES LEDCER— Pompton T^kes. Weekly, on 

Thursday. James White, editor and publisher. 

SALEM COUNTY. 

SALEM STANDARD AND .TERSEYMAN— Salem. Weekly, 
on Wednesday. Republican. Standard and Jerseyman 
Company, publishers. William II. Chew, editor. 

SALEM SUNBEAM — Snlem. Weekly, on Friday. Demo- 
cratic. Sunbeam Publishing Company, publishers. J. S. 
Foster, editor. 

THE MONITOR-REGISTER— Woodstown. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Republican. Benjamin Patterson, proprietor. 

PENNSGROVE RECORD — Pennsgrove. Weekly, on Friday. 
Democratic. William L. Powell, manasrer. 

ELMER TIMES — Elmer. Weekly, on Friday. Independent. 
S. P. Foster, editor. Elmer Times Company, publishers. 

SOMERSET COUNTY. 

THE SOMERSET MESSENGER— Somerville. Weekly, on 
Wednesday. Democratic. J. B. Varley, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

THE UNIONIST-GAZETTE — Somerville. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Republican. The Unionist-Gazette Association, pub- 
lishers. Charles H. Bateman, editor and manager. 

THE SOMERSET DEMOCRAT— Somerville. Weekly, on 
Friday. Democratic. Carlton P. Hoaglaud, editor and 
proprietor. 

BOUND BROOK CHRONICLE— Bound Brook. Weekly, on 
Friday. Republican. W. B. R. Mason, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

STATE CENTRE-RECORD — Bound Brook. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Democratic. Daniel D. Clark, Jr., editor and pro- 
prietor. 

THE NEWS— Bernardsville. Weekly, on Thursday. Inde- 
pendent. Recorder Publishing Company, proprietors. C. 
H. B. Trumbull, editor and publisher. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 227 



SUSSEX COUNTY. 

THE SUSSEX REGISTER — Newton. Weekly, on Thursday. 
Independent. John McCarrick, editor. Estate of A. S. 
Page, owner. 

THE NEW JERSEY HERALD— Newton. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Democratic. Jacob L. Bunnell and Martin J. Cox, 
editors and proprietors. Hency C. Bonnell, assistant edi- 
tor. 

SUSSEX INDEPENDENT— Sussex. Weekly, on Friday. 
Independent. J. J. Stanton and C. G. Wilson, editors. 
Irvin D. Shorter, assistant editor. 

THE WANTAGE RECORDER— Sussex. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Democratic. C. E. Stickney, editor. 

THE MILK REPORTER— Sussex. Monthly. Agriculture. 
John J. Stanton, editor and proprietor. Irvin D. Shorter, 
assistant editor. 

UNION COUNITT. 

ELIZABETH DAILY JOURNAL— Elizabeth. Afternoon. 

Republican. Augustus S. Crane, publisher. Geo. W. 

Swift, managing editor. 
ELIZABETH EVENING TIMES— Elizabeth. Democratic. 

The Evening Times Company, proprietors. Leonard F. 

Sawvel. publisher. 
THE ISST:E— Elizabeth. Sunday. Socialist. August 

Themier, editor. 
THE INDEX AND ELIZABETH REVIEW— Elizabeth. 

Sunday. Independent. John A. Mitchell, editor and pub- 
lisher. 
THE RAHWAY RECORD — Rah way. Semi-weekly. Inde- 
pendent. Rahway Publishing Company, publishers. Wil- 
liam F. Davis, editor. 
THE PLAINFIEL RECORD— Weekly. Independent. Albert 

F. La Rock, editor. 
PLAINFIELD COURIER-NEWS AND PLAINFIELD 

DAILY PRESS — Plainfield. Afternoon. Republican. 

Courier-News Publishing Company. Charles Hamilton 

Frost, manager. 
THE SUMMIT RECORD— Summit. Democratic. Weekly. 

Alfred J. Lane, editor and proprietor. 
THE SUMMIT HERALD— Summit. Weekly, on Friday. 

Republican. J. W. Clift, publisher and proprietor. Fred 

W. ClLft, editor. 
THE UNION COUNTY STANDARD— Westfield. Weekly, on 

Friday. The Standard Publishing Concern. Byron M. 

Prugh, managing editor. 
THE CRANFORD CHRONICLE — Weekly, on Thursday. 

Hugh Hearon, owner. Frederick T. Frazer, editor. 



228 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 

THE CRANFORD CITIZEN— Cranford. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Independent. James E. Warner, editor and man- 
ager. 

THE WESTFIELD LEADER — Westfleld. Weekly, on 
Wednesday. Independent. Westfield Leader Publishing 
and Printing Company, proprietors. Walter J. Lee, edi- 
tor. 

WESTFIELD LIFE — Westfield. Weekly. R. P. Whitcomb, 
editor. 

THE PASSAIC VALLEY NETS'S — New Providence. Weekly, 
on Wednesday. Republican. Willis Fletcher Johnson, 
editor and publisher. 

THE SPECTATUR— Roselle — Roselle Park. Weekly, on 
Friday. Independent. Kempson Bros., owners and pub- 
lishers. Grover C. Kempson, editor, 

WARREN COUNTY. 
BKLVIDERE APOLLO— Bclvidere. Weekly, on Friday. 

Republican. J. Madison Drake, Jr., editor and proprietor. 
THE WARREN JOURNAL — Relvidere. Weekly, on Friday. 

Democratic. Elmer I. Smith, editor and publisher. 
HACKETTSTOWN GAZETTE — Hackettstown. Weekly, on 

Friday. Democratic. Alfred C. Wallin?, editor anu 

manager. 
WARREN REPUBLICAN — Hackettstown. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Republican. Curtis Bros., proprietors. George P. 

Curtis, editor. 
THE WASHINGTON STAR — Washington. Weekly, on 

Thursday. Democratic. Charles L. Stryker, editor and 

proprietor. 
THE BLAIRSTOWN PRESS— Blairstown. Weekly, on 

Wednesday. Independent. DeWitt C. Carter, editor and 

publisher. 

SUMMARY. 

There is a total of 280 papers published in New Jersey — 
30 eveninsr, 5 morning, Sunday, 5 bi-weekly, 2 monthly 
and 229 weekly. In i>olitics 81 are Republican ; 46, Demo- 
cratic and 183 Independent. 

There are 3 m the interest of labor : 1 Socialist, and 1 
each as follows : Pi-ohibition, anti-saloon, liquor, college, 
milk, reform school, religious, colored. 

In the German language, 6 : Italian. 8 : Polish. 2 : 
Hungarian, 2 : Holland. 2 ; Ruthanian, 1 : Slavish. 1 ; 
Greek, 1 ; Hebrew, 1. 

The summary by counties is as follows: Atlantic. 12: 
Bergen. 27 ; Burlington, 13 ; Camden, lo : Cape May, 8 ; 
Cumbeiiand, 7 : Essex. 29 : Gloucester. 8 : Hudson. 16 ; 
Hunterdon, 12 : Mercer, 16 : Middlesex. 12 ; Monmouth, 25 ; 
Morris, 14 ; Ocean, 8 ; Passaic. 21 ; Salem, 5 •; Somerset, 6 ; 
Sussex, 5 ; Union, 15 ; W^arren, 6. Total, 280. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 229 



NEW JERSEY PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

President. Wm. B. Bryaut, Patei'son Press-Guardian ; vice- 
president, Harry T. Hagaman, Lakewood Citizen ; secretary, 
Johin W. Clift, Summit Herald ; treasurer. W. B. R. Mason, 
Bound Brook Chronicle. Executive committee : Augustus S. 
Crane, Elizabeth Journal : E. A. Bristor, Passaic Herald ; 
J. Z. Domarest, Tenafly Record ; E. V. Savidge, Hopewell 
Herald ; W. A. Sweeney, Red Bank Standard ; J. W. Naylor, 
Allentown Messenger ; W. L. Tushingham, Camden Courier. 



230 STATE COMMITTEES. 



STATE COMMITTEES. 



RErUBLICAN. 



Headquarters, Trenton. 

Chairman, Newton A. K. Bugbee, Trenton ; Vice-Chair- 
man, George F. Wright, Paterson ; Treasurer, Ogden II. 
Hammond, Bernardsvillo ; Secretary, William II. Albright, 
Woodbury. 

Atlantic — Albert II. Darnell, Atlantic City. 

Bergen — Daniel L. Pomoroy, Hackensack. 

Burlington — Henry P. Thorn, Medford. 

Camden — David Baird, Camden. 

Cape May — Charles C. Bohm, Cold Spring. 

Cumberland — Kd\A-ard C. Stokes, Millvllie. 

Essex — Jolin R. Flavell, Newark. 

Gloucester — ^William H. Albright, Woodbury. 

Hudson — Charles V. Finch, Jersey City. 

Hunterdon — Ellsworth P. Baylor, Hampton. 

Mercer — Newton A. K Bugbee. Trenton. 

Middb'sex — Frcdoriok C. Sebnoidor. Nou" Brmiswit-k. 

Monmouth — C. Asa Francis, Long Branch. 

Morris — Daniel S. Voorhees, Morristown. 

Ocean — W. Scott Jackson, Toms River. 

Passaic — George F. Wright, Paterson. 

Salem — D. Harris Smith. Salem. 

Somerset — William P. Bowman, Somerville. 

Sussex — Theodore M. Roe, Fraukford. 

Union — Hamilton F. Kean, Elizabeth. 

Warren — Arthur Taylor. Phillipsburg. 

Executive Committee — Newton A. K. Bugbee, George F. 
Wright, Hamilton Kean, David Baird, Edward C. Stokes. 

DEMOCRATIC. 

Headquarters, Trenton. 

Chairman, Charles F. McDonald. Englishtown : A'ice-Cliair- 
man. Eugene F. Kinkead, Jersey City ; Treasurer, Dennis 
F. Collins, Elizabeth; Secretary, Willirm L. Dill, Paterson; 
Assistant Secretary, Laurant J. Tonnelle, Jersey City. 

Atlantic — John T. French, Atlantic City. 

Bergen — Archibald C. Hart, Hackensack. 

Burlington — Richard P. Hughes, Florence. 

Camden — Joseph E. Nowrey, Camden. 

Cape May — William W. Campbell, Ocean City. 

Cumberland — George Hampton, Bridgeton. 

Essex — James R. Nugent, Newark. 



STATE COMMITTEES. 231 

(Gloucester — Edward E. CJrossciip. Wcnonah. 

Hudson — Eugene F. Kinkead, Jersey City. 

Hunterdon — George F. Martens, New Germantown. 

Mercer — Joseph S. Hoff, Princeton. 

Middlesex — Thomas J. Scully. South Amboy. 

Monmouth— Charles P. McDonald, Englishtown. 

Morris — Elmer King, Morristown. 

Ocean — Alexander J. Dunn, Lakewood. 

Passaic — Andrew E. McBride, Paterson. 

Salem — Charles F. Pancoast, Salem. 

Somerset — Jacob Shurts, Somerville. 

Sussex — Lewis S. Iliflf, Newton. 

Union— Dennis F. Collins, Elizabeth. 

Warren — Johnston Cornish, Washington. 

Executive Committee — Thomas J. Scully, James K. 
Nugent, Archibald C. Hart, Charles F. McDonald, Jacob 
Shurts. 

Campaign Committee — Hudson, Thomas F. Martin, Pat- 
rick GriflSn ; Bergen, George Van Buskirk ; Essex, Charles 
F. Herr, Alexander Archibald ; Union, Percy Stewart ; Pas- 
saic, Charles F. Lynch ; Middlesex, Bernard F. Gannon ; 
Mercer, Harry Heher ; Gloucester, Joseph R. Newton, 



232 CHAIRMEN OP COUNTY COMMITTEES. 

CHAIRMEN OF COUNTY 
COMMITTEES. 



REPUBLICAN. 

Atlantic — James Lewis O'Donnell, Hammonton. 

Bergen — Henry J Westbrook, Midland I'ark. 

Burlington — Josepli L. Thomas, Cinnaminson. 

Camden — William D. Brown, Camden. 

Cape May — James McLinden, Anglpsca. 

Cumberland — Ferdinand K. Jones, Millville. 

Essex — Jolin B. Woolston, Newark. 

Gloucester — Oliver J. West, Bridg<>port. 

Hunterdon — Arthur F. Foran, Flemington. 

Hudson — Robert Torrence. Kearny. 

Mercer — Harry D. Leavitt, Trenton. 

Middlesex — John Pfeiffer, Maurer. 

Monmouth — E. I. Vanderveer, Freehold. 

Morris— William F. Redmond, Madison. 

Ocean — Alfred W. Brown, Jr., Toms River. 

Passaic — Frederick W. Van Blarcom, Paterson. 

Salem — N. S. Hires, Salem. 

Somerset — Edward E. Cooper, R. F. D. 3, Plainfield. 

Sussex — Lewis Van Blarcom, Newton. 

Union — Donald H. McLean. Elizabeth. 

Warren — Arthur Knowles, Phillipsburg. 

DEMOCRATIC. 

Atlantic — Harry Lovett, Pleasantville. 

Bergen — William A. Whitehead, Hackinsack. 

Burlington — James Mercer Davis, Mount Holly. 

Camden — Rudolph S. Ayers, Camden. 

Cape Ma.v — Samuel A. Lanning, Wildwood. 

Cumberland — Frederick A. Bughee, Vineland. 

Essex — T. Albeus Adams, Montclair. 

Gloucester — John Hobday, Woodbury. 

Hudson — Leo Sullivan. Jersey City. 

Hunterdon — Erastus W. Sutton, Lebanon. 

Mercer — Joseph S. Hoff, Princeton. 

Middlesex — Thomas H. Haggerty, New Brunswick. 

Monmouth — Harry G. Van Note, Oakhurst. 

Morris — Samuel N. Brant, Madison. 

Ocean — Lawrence D. Van Note, Point Pleasant. 

Passaic — B. J. Roegiers, Paterson. 

Salem — Alfred D. Mitchell, Salem. 

Somerset — William Prout, Bernardsville. 

Sussex — Rol)ert T. Johnson, Nt'wton. 

T^nion- — Walter H. Tavener. Westfield. 

Warren— Frank J. Alpaugh, Phillipsburg. 



PARTY PLATFORMS. 233 



PARTY PLATFORMS. 



REPUBLICAN. 



(Adopted at a State Convention held at Trenton, Tuesday, 

Octolj^r l»t, 1018, and presided over by State Senator 

Emerson L. Kicliards. of Atlantic County.) 

The Republican State Convention convenes today under 
circumstances without parallel in the world's history. Con- 
fronted with the necessity of preserving the Republic from 
the attack of a merciless enemy, intent upon the destruction 
of our institutions, all States of the nation have turned 
from the ordinary business of government to self-defense 
and the task of bringing alx>ut a lasting peace through a 
decisive victory. 

We are now engaged in the Fourth Liberty Tjoan Cam- 
paign. Our party is hereby enlisted in assisting to bring 
alx)ut another triumph for New Jersey in its subscriptions 
to this vitally necessary fund, to back by our citizens' 
money the brave boys abroad and to prepare for military 
service the untold thousands still to be mobilized. 

As the party in power in New Jersey, we have had very 
progressive amlntions and had prepared and begun a con- 
structive program of business activity which, under normal 
conditions, would have meant great and lasting beneht and 
advancement for all classes of citizenship. War, however, 
has become the business of New Jersey. All the power of 
a determined people must be applied to but one object, the 
absolute defeat of the enemy. Nothing must be permitted 
to distract onr attention or needlessly to absorb any of our 
energy until the United States and her Allies have dictated 
a just and an enduring peace on the soil of Germany. Our 
first duty as a party and as a people is to concentrate all 
our force and energy and continue that unsv.erving support 
oC and co-operation with the Federal Government, which 
has already placed New Jersey in an enviable position in 
the prosecution of the war, postponing until the war is won 
practically every activity which docs not directly touch on 
this one responsibility. 

Therefore, the Republican Party of New Jersey, in con- 
vention assembled, pledges itself to a strictly essential pro- 
gram with a single patriotic purpose. To this end, we 
counsel a legislative session as brief as is consistent with 
the proper performance of our duties, which shall consider 
only laws necessary properly to meet war needs, and to 
encourage home war activities ; and enact laws required to 



234 PARTY PLATFORMS. 

provide for the training for useful occupations of disabled 
soldiers, sailors and those injured in essential war indus- 
tries ; the thorough Americanization of schools bj' using 
the English language as the medium of instruction ; and a 
wise preparation for industrial readjustment necessary for 
the coming return of thousands of soldiers to the pursuits 
of peace ; laws necessary to properly maintain the business 
organization of the State ; to suspend, temporarily, the 
levying of the State Road Tax until changed conditions and 
Federal war regulations permit of road building. 

The Congress of the United States, having submitted to 
the legislature of each State an amendment to the Federal 
Constitution, providing for nation-wide prohibition, we 
recommend the ratification of such amendment in so far 
as pre-primary promises will permit. 

We recommend the enactment of such additional legisla- 
tion as may be required to enable the people of municipali- 
ties, singly or jointly, to more effectively acquire, establish, 
own or operate any public utility. 

In so far as pre-primary promises will permit, we recom- 
mend to our representatives the ratification of the Federal 
amendment for equal suffrage if submitted to the Legisla- 
ture of the State for adoption. 

We heartily approve of the strong pro-war policy pursued 
in Washington by our representatives in the Senate, Honor- 
able Joseph S. Frelinghuysen and the Honorable David 
Baird, and by their fellow-representatives from New Jersey 
in Congress. Their consistent loyalty to the Commander-in- 
Chief is highly creditable to the intelligent Americanism of 
the Republican Party and accords harmoniously with the 
lofty traditions of this great commonwealth. 

We observe with pride and gratification the aggressively 
patriotic and uniformly satisfactory administration of New 
Jersey's affairs by our Governor, the Honorable W^alter E. 
Edge, and by his associates in the Legislature and other 
departments of the State government. We recognize that 
his economical business administration which, despite extra- 
ordinary conditions, has increased the free balance in the 
State treasury from $1,754,303 to over $4,000,000, is chiefly 
responsible for the implicit public confidence which recent 
elections plainly indicate the Republican Party enjoys. We 
endorse these policies of unalloyed patriotism, prudent econ- 
omy, constructive legislation and business efficiency, and 
we are hereby solemnly pledged to their inviolable con- 
tinuance. 

DEMOCRATIC. 

(Adopted at a State Convention held at Trenton, Tuesday, 
October 1st, 1918, and presided over by State Senator 
Henry E. Ackerson, of Monmouth County.) 



PARTY PLATFORMS. 235 

The Demticiatic Parly, in State Convention ass-eml)l('(l, 
adopts the following- declaration to the end that the people 
of New Jersey may be apprized of the policies to which tlie 
party and its candidates are committed: 

■ We unreservedly indorse the administration of our Presi- 
dent, Woodrow Wilson, of New Jersey, who has performed 
the functions of his ofiice faithfully and impartially and with 
distinguished ability. 

In particular, we commend to the people of New Jersey 
the achievements of our great President, who has preserved 
the vital intej'csts of our Government and who is now en- 
gag<>d as our Commander-in-Chief in a w^orld war for the 
overthrow of autocracy and for the establishment among 
the peoples of the earth of governments "of the ptople, by 
the people and for the people," Avhich has been the ideal of 
the governed everywhere. 

The immediate purpose of the Democratic party, the pur- 
pose which takes precedence of every other, is to win the 
war. The fate of true democracy everywhere depends upon 
its being won. Its object is to rid the world once and for 
all of the threat of violence and injustice which must hang 
over it so long as there is anywhere an autocratic govern- 
ment which can disturb its peace or dominate its fortunes. 
The outrages against right which Germany has committed 
have directly touched our own citizens and our own liberties ; 
and they have done ranch more than that. They have 
threatened right and liberty everywhere, and Germany must 
be brought to terms l)y such a victory as will leave no doubt 
in the minds of her rulers and her people as to what forces 
control mankind. We entered upon our present course in 
self-defense to resist a menacing assault, directed against 
our freedom and our national integrity ; we shall not 
abandon it until our objective is definitely attained. 

Because we mean to win the war, it is our purpose to 
support and sustain to the utmost the administration of 
Woodrow Wilson. His administration can better be sup- 
ported by those who believe in it and trust it than by those 
who are constantly eager to make a selfish use of what 
they conceive to be its mistakes. It is, therefore, our pur- 
pose to supply the people of New Jersey in our nominees - 
with men who are the real and unquestionable friends of 
the administration. 

The constructive policies of :Mr. Wilson's administration 
in dealing with war problems directly related to the civil 
and industrial life of the nation must also command com- 
mendation : 

The federal reserve system, denounced by Republican 
candidates and opposed by that party's leaders in Congress, 
has enabled the nation to finance the Avar and has safe- 
guarded the business interests of the land against disaster. 



23G PARTY PLATFORMS. 

(lovernmcnt control of the transportation systems as a 
war measure has resulted' in greater efficiency in public 
service, increase of wages to the employees, and guaranteed 
returns to investors, with essential preparation for the im- 
provement and expansion of facilities long neglected. 

The war finance corporation provides adequate credits for 
enterprises and industries necessary or contributory to the 
prosecution of the war. 

The operation of th^ rural credit system has given to the 
farmers enhanced credit. 

War revenue problems have been met, so that the burden 
has been placed upon those most able to pay, vdth a fair 
distribution among all the people of proportionate taxation, 
with special provision for inheritance taxes, excess profits, 
taxes and taxes upon munitions and luxuries. 

We are confirmed and strengthened in our support of the 
administration, and are in full harmony with it, not merely 
because we are at war and must stand behind the only 
common instrumentality through which we can win it, but 
also because the administration has deserved our confidence 
by its record. 

Our purposes look also beyond the period of the war. 
We recognize that the war must of necessity be followed by 
a period of reconstruction, to whose problems it will be 
necessary that the best, most sympathetic and most liberal 
minds of the country be devoted. Those problems will some 
of them be new. and many of them, though old problems, 
will wear a nev/ aspect and significance. They must be 
approached, as President Wilson has said, without regard 
to old party catchwords, formulas or prepossessions, in full 
recognition that they are new and must be dealt with in a 
new v.ay. 

. There must b<:' a single test and standard for every public 
policy. Every mea.sure must l^e put to this test: Is it just? 
Is it for the"^ benefit of the average man without influence 
or privilege? Does it in real fact embody the highest con- 
ception of social justice and of right dealing without regard 
to person or class or special interest? 

We are opposed to an administration of the State govern- 
ment for personal use ; to the subserviency of the Legisla- 
ture to executive dictation ; to the multiplication of public 
offices and the increase of salaries for the advancement of 
personal and political ends ; to the unheard of extravagances 
of the present State administration in the expenditure of 
public money ; to clothing the Governor with dictatorial 
powers by acts of a Legislature obsequiously subject to execu- 
tive control; to the creation of unnecessary boards and 
commissions for partisan purposes ; investing them with 
arbitrary powers and placing them beyond control of the 
people ; to evasions and misconstructions of the Constitution 



PARTY PLATFORMS. 237 

b}^ the Clii(^f Executive to secure political aud personal sup- 
port ; to the countenance and support of state officers and 
party leaders oH' Public Service and other corporation domina- 
tion and control ; to the destruction of the right of sufCrage 
by sham election reform laws ; to the creation of an ex- 
travagant road system at a time when materials command 
prohibitive prices, and to the general maladministration of 
public affairs which is again bringing New Jersey into dis- 
repute from which Woodrow Wilson and a Democratic legis- 
lature rescued it after sixteen years of Republican misrule. 

We feel that the recent decision of the I'ublic Utility 
Commission, granting the demands of th-e Public Service 
Railway monopoly for a license to raise street railway fares 
from five to seven cents in addition to charging one cent for 
transfers, deserves the widespread public disapproval it is 
receiving. We share the public suspicion that politics of a 
questionable kind were responsible for the circumstance that 
this decision was deferred until after the party primaries, 
so that it might not injuriously affect the political fortunes 
of Governor Edge, who appointed and controls the majority 
of the Commission. Of itself, this decision, which abrogates 
explicit contracts entered into by the railway company for 
the maintenance of a five cent fare, and injuriously affects 
a vast number of citizens dependent upon street car trans- 
portation, could never be justified except upon the most 
clearly established grounds of public necessity and justice. 
These grounds, we believe, do not adequately appear in the 
record established at the hearings before the Commission, 
nor in its decision. 

A Republican governor, warned of the impending danger 
of the vitiation of existing contracts by decision of the 
Board of Public Utility Commis.sioners, refused to convene 
the Legislature in extra session in order that the inviolability 
of such contracts might be established by legislative enact- 
ment, and that the cherished rights of the people of New 
.Jersey might be maintained. The expected has occurred. 
The Governor's refusal to permit the Legislature to inter- 
vene with remedial legislation has resulted in the imposition 
upon the riding public of this State of a tax of millions of 
dollars for increased fares, while the evils of corporate 
management, of extravagant salaries, of im fflcienc}% stock 
watering, aud unsound financiering were permitted to remain 
unremedied. 

Having regard, therefore, to the preeminent rights of the 
hundreds of thousands of the users of the service as well 
as the rights of the Public Service Company, we demand a 
reconsideration of this decision, and a suspension of the 
judgment, until a further investigation of the administration 
of the Public Service Company and of the facts of its true 
capitalization can be made. 



23S PARTY PLATFORMS. 

Wo lind that not onl\- liave expenses not boon curtailed 
but that they have been lavishly increased as evidenced by 
the increase of approximately $1,500,000 in the appropriation 
bills during- the last three years of Republican control. No 
new sources of revenue from the natural resources of the 
State have been provided, as promised, to meet this tre- 
mendous increase in expenditures, which has only been made 
possible through the efficacy of prudent revenue producing 
and financial measures inaugurated by the last Democratic 
administration, notably the Inheritance Tax Law and the 
Requisition Act, the former yielding about $3,000,000 clear 
revenue yearly to the State treasury. The number of office 
holders has been greatly increased under the guise of re- 
organizing departments and creating special bureaus therein, 
notably in the Labor, Agriculture and Road Departments. 
Exorbitant salaries have not been decreased but in many 
instances increased. The civil service lias been prostituted 
to political expediency and a reign of blind partisanship 
inaugurated, the like of which has never been known before 
in the history of our State. 

We charge the Governor with taking the election ma- 
cliinery of his State in his own hands and using the patron- 
age of the governor's office to secure his election to the 
United States Senate, while curtailing the activities of all 
other candidates and preventing them from using means 
which have hitherto been legal in bringing their candidacy 
to the attention of the voters. While being able to adver- 
tise himself by proclamations and manifestos issued from 
time to time from the Governor's chair, he has prohibited 
other candidates the privilege of bringing their candidacy 
to public notice. 

The Democratic party always has contended for good 
roads and for the creation of a comprehensive state highway 
system with the burden of cost placed equitably upon all 
the people of the State. We desire to direct attention to 
the fact that the Edge Road Act. which purposed the build- 
ing of a system of highways in the sparsely settled com- 
munities of the State at the expense of the more populous 
centers has proven a failure. The Edge highway system, 
which AA-as advertised would cost .$15,000,000 cannot now 
be built for less than $35,000,000. and we demand the im- 
mediate abandonment of the entire scheme until peace is 
declared, for the reason that all the available moneys in the 
State should be set at work to aid in winning the world 
war in which America is now engaged. 

Wo re-affirm our belief in the public school system as the 
one force that can unify all classes and conditions of 
society, and pledge ourselves to its development, by extend- 
ing the agencies for industrial education, including voca- 
tional and agricultural education, enlarged facilities for 



PARTY Pl^ATFORMS. 239 

the training of teaclieis ; tlie improvement of the country 
schools and the institution of night schools and other educa- 
tional agencies and facilities. 

We are convinced that the question of prohibition has no 
proper place in the fundamental law of the nation. It is 
not a constitutional question. Because it involves so vital 
an interference with the habits of the people it should be 
dealt with only in accordance with the definitely determined 
sentiments of the people of the several states. We, there- 
fore, while favoring every needful measure of war time 
prohibition, cannot favor the adoption of the amendment to 
the Federal Constitution imposing the permanent policj' of 
prohibition upon the people of the State until a referendum 
to the people may be had for the instruction of the Legis- 
lature. 

We earnestly indorse and commend the services of our 
Democratic members of Congress in their loyal support of 
the administration of President Wilson, and their patriotic 
and faithful service in all legislation relating to the war 
and its vigorous prosecution. 

We send greetings of genuine affection and pride to the 
sons of New Jersey who are with the splendid fighting forces 
of the republic battling or preparing to fight for the freedom 
of the world and the safety of democracy, with the assurance 
that we will aid the government in every effort to support 
and sustain them in the camp and in the field, to provide 
for the material needs of their wives and mothers at home, 
and remember them with a nation's gratitude and care 
when they return. 

We deplore the attempt of a Republican legislature and a 
Republican executive, at the insistence of special privilege, 
to establish a state constabulary for the coercion of labor, 
as being unwarranted and uncalled for in New Jersey. 

The Democratic party believes that workmen injured in 
discharge of their duties should be paid a weekly sum suf- 
ficient to meet their needs and the needs of their families, 
and we pledge ourselves to support a measure that will in- 
crease the amounts provided for by the present Workmen's 
Compensation Law. 

We reaffirm our belief that all bureaus and agencies which 
deal vrith labor and its employment should be placed under 
rigid supervision and pledge ourselves to the enactment of 
legislative measures that will establish state and municipal 
employment bureaus and to abolish private employment 
agencies. 

We reaffirm our belief that labor is the basis of individual 
well-being, of public prosperity and of all progress. We in- 
sist that the value of labor as an element of national 
prosperity must be distinctly recognized and the welfare 
of the working man regarded as especially entitled to legisla- 
tive care. 



240 PARTY PLATFORMS. 

Under a iJemoci-atic natiuual administration, a Demo- 
cratic Congress passed the Clayton Act through the provisions 
of which human labor has been lifted from the category of 
commodities and the right of workingmen to form voluntary 
associations for mutual assistance and protection has been 
definitely established. 

We pledge ourselves to the enactment of laws forbidding 
the unwarranted issuance of writs of injunction in labor 
disputes vrhere no property right is involved other than the 
property right claimed in the labor power of the human 
being, and to guarantee to the worliingmen of New Jersey 
the right of trial by jury at all times, including all cases 
of alleged contempt committed outside the presence of the 
court. 

In order that the House of Ceneral Assembly may ))e made 
truly representative of the people of New Jersey, we favor 
the creation l)y constitutional amendment of Assembly dis- 
tricts throughout the State. 

We pledge our party and its candidates to labor indus- 
triously for every war activity and particularly for the suc- 
cess of the Fourth Liberty Loan and all subsequent loans. 

The influx into New Jersey of artisans and industrial 
workers incident to the world v/ar inakes imperative de- 
mands for better housing facilities, improved tenement con- 
ditions and sanitary and hygienic measures both in the 
home and in the municipality, and we pledge to the good 
citizens active in the development of the social welfare of 
our commonwealth, our earnest support and co-operation. 

The Republican party must be put out of power in New 
Jersey because of failure, practical failure and moral failure ; 
because it has served special interests and not the State at 
large : because under the leadership of its preferred and 
established guides, of those who still make its choices, it 
has lost touch Avith the thoughts and the needs of the 
people of the State. 



SUMMARY OF APPROPRIATION LAWS. 241 

SUMMARY OF APPROPRIATION 
LAWS. 



Statement of the annual and supplemental appropriation 
laws for the fiscal years ending October 31st, of the years 
designated. 

The annual hill, in each instance, is enacted hy the legis- 
lature of the preceding year and becomes operative on No- 
vember 1st of that year. The supplemental bill is enacted 
hy the legislature of the year designated, and the totals of 
the annual include the contractual balances available ou 
the opening day of the fiscal years. 

1806. 

Annual ■ $1,954,829 32 

Supplemental 287.885 53 

$2,242,714 85 

1897. 

Annual $2,273,371 32 

Supplemental 126,561 64 

$2,399,932 96 

1898. 

Annual $2,139,934 32 

Supplemental 234,928 99 

$2,374,863 31 

1899. 

Annual $2,199,867 32 

Supplemental 554,521 49 

$2,754,388 81 

1900. 

Annual $2,434,096 23 

Supplemental 349,254 55 

$2,783,350 78 

1901. 

Annual $2,234,940 32 

Supplemental 1.219.319 20 

$3,454,259 52 

1902. 

Annual $3,255,260 32 

Supplemental 715.219 75 

$3,970,489 07 

1903. 

Annual $3,551,749 32 

Supplemental 1.001.056 25 

$4,552,805 57 

16 



242 SUMMAiiY OF APPliUPPaATlUN LAWS. 

1904. 

Annual $3,853,800 98 

Supplemental 1,038,464 93 

$4,892r,265 91 

1905. 

Annual $4,188,215 65 

Supplemental 1,075,526 21 

$5,263,741 86 

1906. 

Annual $4,301,733 57 

Supplemental I,uy8,342 03 

$5,400,075 00 

1907. 

Annual $4,519,826 57 

Supplemental 622,942 65 

$5,142,709 22 

1908. 

Annual $4,618,407 17 

Supplemental 768,329 62 

$5,386,736 79 

1909. 

Annual $4,379,474 90 

Supplemental 331,774 24 

. $4,711,249 14 

1910. 

Annual $4,245,017 32 

Supplemental 871,791 00 

$5,116,808 32 

1911. 

Annual $5,072,592 77 

Supplemental 1,337,517 18 

$0,410,109 95 

1912. 

Annual $5,476,508 35 

Supplemental 972,097 05 

. $6,448,605 40 

1913. 
Annual $0,509,785 50 

^-^^^--^^-'-^ _^l^^fim $,,709,299 84 

1914. 
Annual $6,825,191 36 

«"PP'^"^°^^^ ''''''' '' $7,659,867 85 

1915. 
Annual $7,634,413 60 

^"PP^--^^^^ ''''''' '' $8,047,117 96 

1916. 
Annual ?8.078.255 25 



SLTM:\[ARY of APPROl'RTATTON T.AWS. 243 

I'tlT. 

Annual $7,9")3,2r)5 25 

Supplemenlal 871,058 lA 

$8,824,313 38 

1918. 

Annual $9,157,085 G4 

Supplemental 771,058 13 

$9,928,143 77 

1918-1919. 
Annual $9,755,045 57 



:44 BIOGRAPHIES. 



BIOGRAPHIES 



GOVERNOR OF NEW JERSEY. 



WALTER EVANS EDGE. 

Governor Edge was born in Philadelphia, Pennsyl- 
vania, November 20th, 1873. Shortly afterward his 
father moved to Pleasantville, New Jersey, a com- 
munity located five miles from Atlantic City. There 
the boy entered the public schools and graduated. 
This was all the schoolroom education that he was 
destined to receive, for stress of circumstances made 
it necessary for him to forego a college course and 
to earn a living'. 

With scarcely more than a dollar of capital, but 
with an ambition which is characteristic, Walter Edge 
started to earn money in the humble, but strenuous 
post of "printer's devil" at the Atlantic Review, At- 
lantic City's oldest newspaper. Later, at the age of 
sixteen, he secured a position with the Borland Ad- 
vertising Agency of Atlantic City. At the time this 
was merely a local business, specializing in hotel ad- 
vertising. Young Edge took such a keen interest in it 
and displayed such aptitude that when the proprietor 
died, about two years later, he purchased the business. 

Given a free rein under his own management. Edge 
aimed high. Plans for developing the business be- 
yond Atlantic City, throughout the country and even 
into Europe did not prove visionary. He started a 
daily newspaper in Atlantic City and put into practice 
a co-operative advertising idea in which his news- 
paper, his advertising agency and newspapers 
thoughout the country participated. In a remarkably 
short time Atlantic City and its famous hotels and 
attractions became advertised from one end of the 
earth to the other. All hotel men in Atlantic City 
cheerfully testify to the part which Edge played in 
giving the map its "greatest resort." The agency de- 
veloped until its field became first national, handling 



BIOGRAPHIES. 245 

advertising north, south, east and west in the United 
States, and then international, advertising outputs of 
Europe. Edge opened offices in New York, London, 
Paris, Berlin and elsewhere. His newspaper, the At- 
lantic City Daily Press, progressed from a mere hotel 
advertising medium to the leading news medium of 
Atlantic City. In the meantime Edge purchased the 
Atlantic City Evening Union and conducted it as the 
afternoon edition of his morning publication. Later, 
as the time which he devoted to private business be- 
came wholly occupied with his growing international 
advertising business and his activities in home bank- 
ing and other Institutions, he leased both newspapers 
to a company, consisting of young men who had been 
faithful in his employ, and he is not now in any 
way connected with their management. 

In politics, as in business, "Walter Edge began as 
an apprentice. In business life he started as an office 
boy, with errands to run and floors to sweep; in 
public life, as one of the minor employes of the New 
Jersey Senate. In 1897, '98, '99 he served as Journal 
Clerk of the Senate, and in 1901, '02, '03, '04 was Sec- 
retary of that body. He acquired a taste for military 
life from responding to the call of the country at the 
outbreak of the war with Spain in 1898 and from his 
activities in the Morris Guards an independent mili- 
tary company of Atlantic City which mustered into 
the service during the Spanish-American War as 
Company F, Fourth New Jersey Volunteer Infantry. 
Edge was commissioned second lieutenant of this com- 
pany. Some years later he served as captain of Com- 
pany L, Third Regiment, New Jersey National Guard. 
He was a member of the personal staff of Governors 
Murphy and Stokes and subsequently was Lieutenant- 
Colonel and Chief of Ordnance Department on the 
staff of Major-General C. Edward Murray, New Jersey 
National Guard. In Atlantic City there is a Walter 
E. Edge Garrison of the Army and Navy Union. Mr. 
Edge is also the head of the Boy Scout movement in 
Atlantic county. 

In 1904, Colonel Edge was a presidential elector and 
in 1908, an alternate delegate-at-large to the Republi- 
can National Convention in Chicago. In 1909, he was 
elected to the Assembly from Atlantic county by the 
phenomenal plurality of 7,798 over Burgan, the Demo- 



246 BIOGRAriilES. 

cratic candidate. Thus "phenomenal pluralities" were 
not exactly new to Colonel Edge when he was elected 
Governor in 1916 by a margin of 69,647 votes — 18,003 
more than the largest plurality ever received by a 
gubernatorial candidate in New Jersey. 

Colonel Edge had the distinction of serving as Re- 
publican leader of the House of Assembly during the 
first year that he occupied a seat in that body. He 
was elected to the State Senate in 1910 by a plurality 
of 5,496 over Langham, Democrat. In 1912, he was 
the majority leader on the floor of the Senate. In 
1913, the Colonel was re-elected to the Senate by a 
plurality of 3,990 over Shaner, Democrat. In 1915, he 
served as President of the Senate with much dignity, 
ability and impartiality. For five weeks in 1915 he 
was Acting-Governor of the State while Governor 
Fielder was attending the Panama-Pacific Exposition 
in California, and this brief special "term" was 
characterized by close application to the executive 
duties. 

It was during his service in the Senate, however, 
that the Colonel carved his record for progressive 
legislation and made possible his famous gubernatorial 
slogan of "A Business Man With a Business Plan." 
As member of a. research commission he studied con- 
ditions and statutes which resulted in the framing of 
the Workmen's Compensation act, one of the first 
practical-working laws of the kind in this country. 
He fathered this bill in the legislature. Besides suc- 
cessively completing the task of protecting working 
women with a ten-hour law and securing legislation 
safeguarding factory workers against dangerously- 
constructed workshops and occupational diseases. 
Senator Edge found time to serve as head of the 
Economy and Efficiency Commission which initiated 
legislation eliminating political commissions and con- 
solidating various boards and departments of New 
Jersey in the interest of economy and increased .ef- 
ficiency. These bills he personally sponsored and 
fought through to final passage in the legislature 
against bitter political opposition. Later on he in- 
troduced the State Budget System Bill, aimed to sys- 
tematize New Jersey's finances and make the Governor 
the responsible head of the fiscal system. Another 
act which he initiated, creating the Central Pur- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 247 

chasing Bureau, is designed to save money by pur- 
chasing- supplies for the State and its institutions on 
a wholesale scale and following a fixed standard. It 
was Senator Edge, too, who thought of legislation 
abolishing the useless State Census, which had cost 
$100,000. 

With this comprehensive record for constructive 
legislation at his back. Colonel Edge entered the race 
for the office of Governor in 1916 on a platform of 
"business government." His program consisted of a 
pledge to apply ordinary business principles to the 
thirty-million-dollar business of the State of New 
Jersey. His outlined plan designated "the Governor 
as the business manager, the legislature the board of 
directors and the people the stockholders." The 
stockholders approved the record and liked the plan. 

In the first two years of his administration the Gov- 
ernor has succeeded in carrying out the plan; all de- 
partmental activities have been consolidated and co- 
ordinated and New Jersey's institutions have been cen- 
tralized under a single managing head; prison con- 
tracts have been abolished and the State-use system 
substituted. As "War Governor," Edge has ever been 
alert and resourceful. 

Governor Edge "inherited" a taste for public life. 
Two great uncles were members of the Pennsylvania 
Legislature and another for years was Collector of 
the Port of Philadelphia. His great grandfather was 
a judge in the courts of Pennsylvania for forty j^ears. 

On June 5th, 1907, Governor Edge married Lady 
Lee, only daughter of Mrs. Sarah Lee Phillips of 
Memphis, Tennessee. She died suddenly in July, 1915, 
leaving a robust baby boy, Walter Edge, Jr., who is 
now the bright particular star of the Edge household. 
The latter consists of Governor Edge, Mrs. Phillips 
and the little boy. The Governor's father, William 
Edge, a retired railroad man, and his foster mother 
reside in Atlantic City. 

Walter Evans Edge was nominated as a candidate 
for Governor at the primary election held on Sep- 
tember 26th, 1916, by a plurality of 3,611 over Austen 
Colgate. At the regular State election held on No- 
vember 7th, 1916, he was elected Governor over H. 
Otto Wittpenn, Democrat, by a plurality of 69,647. 



248 BIOGRAPHIES. 

He was inaugurated on January 16th, 1917, for a term 
of three years. His salary is $10,000 per annum. 

1916 — Edge, Rep., 247,343; Wittpenn, Dem., 177,696; 
Krafft, See, 12,900; Vaughan, Nat. Pro., 5,873; But- 
terworth, Soc.-Lab., 2,334. Edge's plurality, 69,647. 

SE^ATORIAL PRIMARY ELECTION. 

At tlie primary election held on September 24th, 
1918, Governor Edge was nominated by the Republican 
party for United States Senator to succeed the late 
Senator William Hughes, defeating George L. Record 
by a plurality of 71,575, the total vote being Edge, 88,- 
741; Record, 17,166; Edward W. Gray, 16,958. 

State Election. 

The Governor was elected for the full term of six 
years at the following general election, November 5th, 
with a plurality of 25,279 over George M. LaMonte, 
Dem. 

The Total A'ote. 

1918 — Edge, Rep., 179,022; LaMonte, Dem., 153,743; 
Reilly, Soc, 14,723; Wallace, Single Tax, 2,352; Day, 
Nat. Pro., 5,816. Edge's plurality, 25,279. This includes 
botli the civilian and soldier vote. 



UNITED STATES SENATORS. 



JOSEPH S. FRELINGHUYSEX, Raritan. 

Senator Frelinghuysen was born March 12th, 1869, 
at Raritan, N. J., and has always made that town his 
hom.e. His ancestor, Rev. Theodorus Jacobus Fre- 
linghuysen, came from Holland in 1720 and was the 
pioneer in establishing the Reformed Dutch Church in 
New Jerse3^ Major-General Frederick Frelinghuysen, 
who served with great distinction in the Revolutionary 
war, and who was a member of the Continental Con- 
gress, was his great grandfather. General John Fre- 
linghuysen, an officer in the war of 1812, was his 



BIOGRAPHIES. 249 

grandfather. Theodore Frelinghuysen, United States 
Senator, Chancellor of the University of New York, 
and candidate for Vice-President with Henry Clay on 
the Whig ticket, was a great uncle. His father, 
Frederick John Frelinghuysen, was a prominent lawyer 
and closely identified with the political and religious 
life of Somerset county. 

Senator Frelinghuysen's inclination for and ac- 
tivity in public affairs is a natural heritage. Forced 
by stress of circumstances to surrender his natural 
inclination for a college education, he, after preparing 
for college at the Somerville Grammar school, ob- 
tained employment as clerk in a fire insurance ofRce, 
and has since that time built up a business in New 
York City which is recognized as one of the foremost 
general agencies in the country, representing nearly 
a score of large and profitably conducted fire insurance 
companies. 

Senator Frelinghuysen served eight years in Troop 
3, Squadron A Cavalry, New York, and rose to the 
position of Second Lieutenant. At the outbreak of 
the Spanish-American war he went to the front as 
Second Lieutenant of the troop formed from that or- 
ganization. For special services rendered in that 
campaign he was recommended to the President by 
Brigadier-General Guy V. Henry, his commanding of- 
ficer, for promotion to Brevet First Lieutenant for 
zealous and efficient services in Porto Rico. 

He served several years as chairman of the Somerset 
County Republican Executive Committee. In 1902, he 
made his first campaign for political honors as a 
candidate for State Senator and under the most ad- 
verse conditions was defeated by Samuel S. Childs, 
Democrat, by a small plurality. In 1905, he was 
again nominated for the same position against the 
same opponent, and was elected by a plurality of 1,056, 
and in 1908, he was re-elected to the Senate, over 
Colonel Nelson Y. Dungan, Democrat. During his ca- 
reer as State Senator he has always taken a prominent 
part in legislation. He was the father of the famous 
Frelinghuysen Automobile law, generally recognized 
as one of the most efficient enactments on the subject 
yet passed in this country. He has also secured the 
enactment of many acts of especial benefit to the 
agricultural industry of the State. He was instru- 



250 BIOGRAPHIES. 

mental in h.aving- the live stock commission created 
and while serving- on a special commission to investi- 
g-ate the school sj'stem secured knowledge which he 
later utilized in framing various bills for the thorough 
re-brganization of the school system. He was one of 
the special committee who drafted the present Civil 
Service law, and in 1909, he served as chairman of 
the Special Comm:ittee on Finance, also other impor- 
tant committees and in other years he held influential 
assignments in the preparation of legislation. 

He was party leader on the floor of the Senate in 

1909, and upon the resignation of President Robbins 
he was unanimously elected as his successor in the 
chair. He was re-elected President of the Senate in 

1910, During the absence of Governor Fort from the 
State in those years. Senator Frelinghuysen, by vir- 
tue of his position, served as Acting Governor. 

He was chosen President of the State Board of 
Agriculture in 1912, and still holds that position. Upon 
the creation of the New State Board of Education in 

1911, Governor Wilson appointed Mr, Frelinghuysen 
a member of that body for a term of two years, and 
in 1913 he was given a full term of eight years. He 
became President of the board in 1915. 

Senator Frelinghuysen is active in social and 
philanthropic enterprises; is a member of the New 
York Chamber of Commerce; N. J, State Chamber of 
Commerce; Down Town Association; Raritan Valley 
Grange No. 153; the Union League Club, of New York; 
of the Somerville Board of Trade; Solomon's Lodge 
No. 46, F. and A, M.; Somerville Lodge No. 885, B. 
P. O. E., Plainfield, and is trustee of the Somerset 
hospital. 

At the primary election held on September 26th, 
1916, for United States Senator and Governor, Senator 
Frelinghuysen for the former office received a plu- 
rality of 7,878 votes over ex-Governor Franklin 
Murphy, At the regular election held on November 
7th, he received a plurality of 74,696 over James E. 
Martine, Democrat. 

.1916 — Frelinghuysen, Rep., 244,715; Martine, Dem., 
170,019; Doughty, Soc, 13,358; Barbour, Pro., 7,178; 
Katz, Soc.-Lab., 1,826. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 251 

DAVID EAIRD, Camden. 

Senato r David Baird was born in Londonderry, 
County of Derry, Ireland, on April 7th, 1839; received 
a common school education; left Ireland when 16 years 
of age and came to the United States and entered 
the lumber business at Port Deposit, Md. ; removed 
to Camden, N. J., in 1860 and has resided there continu- 
ously since, being engaged in the lumber business and 
banking. He married Miss Christianna Beatty in 
1868, who was very instrumental in shaping the busi- 
ness and political success of her husband; Mrs. Baird 
died several years ago, leaving four children — Mrs. 
Mary Baird Fox, Mrs. Harry R. Humphreys, Irvine 
Baird and David Baird, Jr. Mr. Baird entered politics 
first as a member of the board of chosen freeholders 
of Camden county; served two terms as a member of 
the State Board of Assessors, being President of that 
body for several years; on several occasions has been 
district delegate and delegate-at-large to the Repub- 
lican national conventions, and was Chairman of the 
New Jersey delegation at the convention in 1916; he 
was largely instrumental in the nominating of Garret 
A. Hobart for the Vice Presidency, and for years has 
been a potent influence in the selection and election 
of governors and United States senators in New Jersey, 
He was appointed United States Senator by Governor 
Edge, of New Jersey, on February 23d, 1918, to serve 
until the next election, to succeed the late Senator 
William Hughes, and took the oath of office March 7th, 
1918. On November 5th, 191S, he was elected to fill out 
the short term, ending March 3d, 1919, by a plurality 
of 15,680 over Charles O'Connor Hennessy, Dem. 

Senator Baird had no opposition in the Republican 
primary, which was held on September 24th, 1918. 
He received a total of 96,067 civilian vote and 1,827 
soldier vote. 

At the regular election, November 5th, the following 
result was: Baird, Rep., 170,414; Hennessy, Dem., 
154,734. This includes 3,490 soldier vote for Baird 
and 2,497 for Hennessy. 



252 BIOGRAPHIES. 



NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 



FIRST DISTRICT. 

Camden, Gloucester and Salem Counties. 
(Population, census of 1910, 206,396.) 

WILLIAM J. BROWNING. 
(Rep., Camden.) 

Mr. Browning was born in Camden, N. J., April 11th, 
1850, and is in the Insurance business, having been 
formerly a dry goods merchant. He was a member of 
the Board of Education of the city of Camden from 
April 7th, 1879, to February 19th, 1883; a member of 
City Council of the city of Camden from November 
11th, 1886, until March 14th, 1890; was Postmaster of 
the city of Camden from July 1st, 1889, until June 
30th, 1894, having been appointed by President Har- 
rison, and Cliief Clerk of the House of Representa- 
tives, Washington, D. C, from December 19th, 1895. 
until April 17th, 1911. Mr, Browning was elected a 
member of the House of Representatives from the 
First Congressional District of New Jersey to fill the 
unexpired term of Hon. H. C. Loudenslager, deceased, 
on November 7th, 1911. He was a member of the Sixty- 
second, Sixty-third, Sixty-fourth and Sixty-fifth Con- 
gresses, and on November 5th, 1918, was- re-elected to 
the Sixty-sixth by a plurality of 12,739 over Dickerson, 
Dem., civilian vote. See election returns. 



SECOND DISTRICT. 

Cape May, Atlantic, Cumberland and Burlington 

Counties. 

(Population, census of 1910, 213,357.) 

ISAAC BACHARACH. 
(Rep., Atlantic City.) 

Mr. Bacharach was born in Philadelphia, Pa., Janu- 
ary 5th, 1870, and is in the real estate business. He is 
a graduate of the Atlantic City High School of the 
class of 1885. He is a director of the Second National 




New Jersey Congressional Districts. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 253 

Bank of Atlantic City, the Pleasantville Trust Com- 
pany and the Atlantic Safe Deposit and Trust Com- 
pany; treasurer of the South Jersey Title and Finance 
Company, and president of the Atlantic City Lumber 
Company, Mr. Bacharach was a member of the Coun- 
cil of Atlantic City from January 1st, 1907, to January 
1st, 1910, and was re-elected to that body for another 
term of three years from January 1st, 1910. He was 
elected to the House of Assembly in 1912. In 1914 
he was elected to Congress; in 1916 re-elected, and 
again in 1918 by a plurality of 11,804 over French, 
Dem., civilian vote. See election returns. 



THIRD DISTRICT. 

Middlesex, Monmouth and Ocean Counties. 

(Population, census of 1910, 230,478.) 

THOMAS J. SCULLY. 

(Dem., South Amboy.) 

Mr. Scully was born in South Amboy, N. J., Septem- 
ber 19th, 1868, and is in the towing- and transportation 
business. He received his education in the schools of 
his native town and at Seton Hall College, from which 
he was graduated with honors. His father, John 
Scully, established the towing business in 1874, when 
the Congressman was only six years old. When he 
left college young Scully was taken into the business 
by his father, and from that time dates the remark- 
able growth of the Scully Towing and Transportation 
Company. 

Mr. Scully served in the South Amboy Board of 
Education and was Mayor of that city three years — 
1908-11. He was a delegate to the Democratic Na- 
tional Conventions of 1908, 1912 and 1916, and Presi- 
dential Elector in the former year. He was a mem- 
ber of Sixty-second, Sixty-third, Sixty-fourth and 
Sixty-fifth Congresses, and was re-elected to the Sixty- 
sixth by a plurality of 2,694 over Robert Carson, Rep., 
civilian vote. See election returns. 

In 1916 his seat was contested by Mr. Carson, but 
upon investigation Mr. Scully's plurality was declared 
to be 202, and he was given a certificate of election. 



254 BIOGRAPHIES. 

FOURTH DISTRICT. 

Hunterdon, Somerset and Mercer Counties. 

(Population, census of 1910, 198,046.) 

ELIJAH C. HUTCHINSON, 

(Rep., Trenton.) 

Mr. Hutchinson was born at Windsor, IMercer county, 
N. J., August 7th, 1855, and is a merchant miller. He 
has been treasurer of the Trenton Bone and Ferti- 
lizer Company since its organization in July, 1889, 
and its manager since 1892. He does a large business 
with his flour mill and grain elevator, which are 
situated in Hamilton township, also President of the 
Trenton Flour Mills Co. in Trenton, and has large 
interests in two potteries, being Vice-President of 
N. J. China Pottery Co. and Treasurer of Cochran, 
Drugan & Co., and is a Director of Broad St. Bank 
and Mercer Trust Co. He was a director of the Inter- 
State Fair Association and was its first treasurer, 
having served three jears in that position. 

Mr. Hutchinson was a member of the House of As- 
sembly in 1896-97; State Senator, 1899-1904, and Presi- 
dent of the Senate 1903. He served as State Road 
Commissioner three years — 1905-8. In 1914 he was 
elected to the National House of Representatives, re- 
elected in 1916 and again in 1918 by a plurality of 
3,107 over Vanderbilt, Dem., civilian vote. See election 
returns. 



FIFTH DISTRICT. 

Union and Morris Counties. 

(Population, census of 1910, 214,901.) 

ERNEST R. ACKERMAN. 

(Rep., Plainfield.) 

Mr. Ackerman w-as born in New York City, June 
17th, 1863, and is a cement manufacturer. He was 
educated in the Plainfield public schools; graduated 
from the High School with the class of 1880. He be-. 
came a member of the Plainfield Common Council, serv- 
ing for the years 1891 and 1892. In 1905 he was elected 
to the State Senate and re-elected in 1908. In 1911 



BIOGRAPHIES. 255 

he was elected President of the State Senate, and dur- 
ing- Governor Wilson's absence from the State he 
served as Acting- Governor of New Jersey on several 
occasions. The passage of the first Civil Service law- 
was largely due to his efforts and he introduced and 
pushed to final passage the first Employers' Liability 
Bill in New Jersey. He was Secretary of the New 
Jersey Presidential Electors in 1897, and was a dele- 
gate to the Repulican National conventions of 1908 and 
1916. 

Mr. Ackerman is President of the Lawrence Portland 
Cement Company; a Director of the Plainfield Trust 
Company; a Trustee of the New Jersey State Chamber 
of Commerce; a Trustee of Rutgers College; a member 
of the C.iamber of Commerce of the United States of 
America; a Director of the Young Men's Christian 
Association and a member of the Plainfield Boy Scouts 
Council; a member of the American Society of Civil 
Engineers and a member of the Engineers Club of 
New York. He belongs to the Union League Club, tne 
Bankers Club of America and India House of New York 
City; is a member of the Chamber of Commerce of New 
York, the Merchants Association of New York, serving 
on the Committees of Commercial Law and City TrafTic. 
He was appointed a member of the State Board of 
Education by Governor Edge for the unexpired term 
to July 1st, 1921, of the Hon. Joseph S. Frelinghuysen, 
elected United States Senator. 

Mr. Ackerman was elected a member of the National 
House of Representatives on November 5th, 1918, by a 
plurality of 3,903 over Clement, Dem., civilian vote 
See election returns. 



SIXTH DISTRICT. 

Bergen, Sussex and Warren Counties and the Town- 
ships of Pompton and West Milford, In the 
County of Passaic. 
(Population, census of 1910, 213,981.) 
JOHN RATHBONE RAMSEY. 
(Rep., Hackensack.) 

Mr. Ramsey was born at Wyckoff, Bergen county, 
N. J., April 25th, 1862. He spent much of his early 



256 BIOGRAPHIES. 

life, from 1872 to 1879, with his maternal grandfather, 
John V. Rathbone, in Parkersburg, "West Virginia, 
where he received a liberal school education. In 
1879 he returned to New Jersey and studied law with 
George H. Coffey, of Hackensack, and subsequently 
with Campbell & De Baun of the same town. He was 
admitted as an attorney in November, 1883, and as a 
counselor, February, 1887. He began the practice of 
law in Hackensack. He is not now practicing law, 
but is in the brick manufacturing business and also 
a banker. In 1890 he was nominated for county 
clerk and was defeated by a sinall majority. He was 
renominated for that office in 1895 and elected. In 
1900 and 1905 he was re-elected, and is the only Re- 
publican who ever held that office in Bergen county. 
In the "Wilson campaign of 1910 he was defeated for 
State Senator. 

The Congressman was a delegate to the National 
Republican Convention held at Chicago in 1908. He 
belongs to several fraternal and social organizations, 
including the Masons, Odd Fellows, Elks and Jr. O. 
U. A. M. He is President of the Hackensack Brick 
Cornpany; a director of the People's National Bank of 
Hackensack, the Alliance Trust and Guarantee Com- 
pany and the First National Bank of Ridgefield Park. 

He was a member of the Sixty-fifth Congress and 
re-elected to the Sixty-sixth by a plurality of 3,089 
over Sibbald, Dem., civilian vote. See election returns. 



SEVENTH DISTRICT. 

Passaic County, excepting the Townships of Pompton 

and "West Milford. 

(Population, census of 1910, 209,891.) 

AMOS H. RADCLIFFE. 

(Rep., Paterson.) 

Mr. RadcOiffe was born in Paterson. January 16th, 
1870. He attended the public schools and was gradu- 
ated from the Paterson High School. He entered his 
father's shop as an apprentice to the blacksmith trade, 
and in the. meantime he spent a year at the New York 
Trade Schools at night time, from which he was 



BIOGRAPHIES. 257 

graduated. He spent two years ^t night time under 
instruction as draughtsman, and entered into partner- 
ship with his father and brotlier in 1896, and upon the 
incorporation of the James RadclifEe & Sons Company 
in 1907 he was made Secretary, which office he still 
holds with the firm. 

Mr. Radcliffe served six years in the State National 
Guard and was honorably discharged as a sergeant. 

Mr. Radcliffe served in the Assembly five years, 
from 1907 to 1912. He was elected Sheriff of Passaic 
county in 1912. In 1915 he won the Republican nomi- 
nation for Mayor of Paterson and w^as elected by a 
plurality of 1,573 over J. Willard DeYoe, the Demo- 
cratic candidate. In 1917 he was re-elected as Mayor 
by a plurality of 3,385 over John Stafford, Democrat. 
He was elected to the Sixty-sixth Congress by a plu- 
rality of 3,830, defeating Judge Joseph A. Delaney 
Dem., civilian vote. See election returns. 

Mr. Radcliffe is a member of practically all the 
leading clubs and fraternal organizations in Paterson. 



EIGHTH DISTRICT. 

The Eighth, Eleventh and Fifteenth wards of the 
city of Newark, the towns of Belleville, Bloomfleld 
and Nutley, all in the county of Essex, and the 
towns of Harrison and Kearny, the borough of East 
Newark, the Seventh ward of the city of Jersey 
City and the citj' of Bayonne, all in the county of 
Hudson. 

(Population, census of 1910, 207,642.) 

CORNELIUS A. McGLENNON. 
(Dem., East Newark.) 

Mr. McGlennon was born in East Newark, De- 
cember 10th, 1879. He was educated in Holy Cross 
Parochial School, St. Francis Xavier's High School, 
and then entered Seton Hall College, from which in- 
stitution he was graduated in 1899 with the degree 
of A.B. Two years later his Alma Mater awarded 
him the degree of A.M. Immediately after -his gradua- 
tion he took up school teacliing as a profession and 
17 



258 BIOGRAPHIES. 

was appointed Principal of the East Newarlv. School. 
Later he was chosen Principal of the Harrison High 
School. In 1897 he was elected Mayor of East Newark 
and held that office continuously for nine years. The 
Congressman is a lawyer and practices with his brother 
under the firm name of McGlennon & McGlennon. 

He is a director and executive member of the West 
Hudson County Trust Company, and President of the 
Board of Trustees of the Free public Library of East 
Newark. He is a member of the Knights of Columbus, 
being a Past State Deputy of that order; a member of 
Kearny Lodge No. 1050, B. P. O. E.; Modern Woodmen 
of America; Holy Cross Holy Name Society, and other 
fraternal, social and political associations. 

He was elected State Senator in 1916 and served 
two years, having resigned his last year to accept a 
nomination for Congress, to which he was elected by 
a plurality of 270 over Ross, Rep., civilian vote. See 
election returns. 



NINTH DISTRICT. 

The cities of East Orange and Orange and the First. 
Third, Sixth, Seventh, Thirteenth and Fourteenth 
wards of the city of Newark. 

(Population, census of 1910, 213.027.) 

DANIEL FRANCIS MINAHAN. 
(Dem., Orange.) 

Mr. Minahan was born in Springfield, Ohio, August 
8th, 1877, and is in the advertising- business. He has 
been an accountant, contractor and in the stock brok- 
erage business. He was City Clerk of Orange from 
January 1st, 1913, to May 1st, 1914, and was elected 
Mayor under the first commission government for a 
four-year term, from May,' 1914, and re-elected in 1918. 
In September, 1918, he w-on the primary election as 
a Congressional candidate as an independent Demo- 
crat, defeating William McTague, the organization 
nominee. 

Mr. Minahan was elected, to Congress over Richard 
Wayne Parker, Rep., by a plurality of 1,577 civilian 
vote. See election returns. 



BIOGRAPHIES. L'".:' 

TENTH DISTRICT. 

The Second, Fourth, Fifth, Ninth, Tenth, Twelfth and 
Sixteenth wards of the city of Newark, the towns 
of Irvington, Montclair and West Orange, the bor- 
oughs of Caldwell, Essex Fells, Glen Ridge, North 
Caldwell, Roseland, Verona, West Caldwell, and the 
townships of Caldwell, Cedar Grove, Livingston, 
Millburn, South Orange and the village of South 
Orange, all in the county of Essex. 

(Population, census of 1910, 206,693.) 

FREDERICK R. LEHLBACH. 
(Rep., Newark.) 

Mr. Lehlbach was born in New York City, January 
31st, 1876. Upon the death of his father in 1884 he 
moved to Newark where he has since resided. He 
attended the public schools of Newark and went from 
the High School to Yale University, graduating there- 
from in the class of 1897. He then studied law in the 
New York Law School and was admitted to the bar 
of New Jersey in February, 1899, and has practiced his 
profession since that time. Mr. Lehlbach has been 
an active worker for the success of the Republican 
party since attaining his majority and ho has served 
as a member of the Essex County Republican Com- 
mittee. In 1899 he was elected a member of the Board 
of Education of Newark from the Third ward, and 
in 1902 he was elected to the House of Assembly and 
served three years, 1903, 1GG4, 1905, from Essex 
county. During his term he took an active part in 
legislation. Upon the organization of the State Board 
of Equalization of Taxes he was appointed clerk of 
that body for a term of five years, and served in that 
office from March, 1905, until April, 1908, when he 
resigned to accept the office of Second Assistant 
Prosecutor of, the Pleas of Essex County. Shortly 
thereafter he was promoted to First Assistant Prose- 
cutor, which office he resigned in April, 1913. Since 
then he has been practicing law in Newark, being 
the senior member of the firm of Lehlbach & Van 
Duyne. Mr. Lehlbach was a member of tlie Sixty- 
fourth and Sixty-fifth Congresses and was re-elected 
to the Sixty-sixth by a plurality of 574 over Flanagan, 
Dem., civilian vote. See election returns. 



2G0 BIOGRAPHIES. 

ELEVENTH DISTRICT. 

The townships of Weehawken and North Bergen, "the 
towns of Guttenberg-, West Hoboken, West New 
York and Union and the borough of Secaucus, the 
city of Hoboken and the Second ward in the city 
of Jersey City, all in the county of Hudson. 
(Population, census of 1910, 199,612.) 

JOHN J. EAGAN. 
(Dem., Weehawken.) 

Mr. Eagan was born in Hoboken, N. J., January 22, 
1872. and is a school principal, and formerly was an 
expert law and general stenographer. In 1880 he 
removed to West Hoboken and the following year to 
Union Hill, where he resided for nearly twenty years, 
then to Hoboken, where he lived from 1899 to 1907. 
For the past five^years he has resided in Weehawken. 
He was a teacher in the Hoboken High School for 
several years. 

Mr. Eagan is founder and president of the Eagan 
Schools of Business, of Hoboken, Union Hill and 
Hackensack, in New Jersey, and of the Eagan Schools 
of Business of New York, one of which is located In 
the Evening Post building, 20 Vesey street, the other 
in the Bryant Park building, Forty-second street and 
Sixth avenue. He was Collector of Taxes. Town of 
Union, from 1896 to 1899. He was a member of the 
Sixty-third, Sixty-fourth and Sixty-fifth Congresses 
and was re-elected to the Sixty-sixth by a plurality of 
9,177 over Brennan, Rep., civilian vote. See election 
returns. 



TAVELFTH DISTRICT. 

The First, Third, Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, Eighth. Ninth. 
Tenth, Eleventh and Twelfth wards of Jersey City, 
all in the county of Hudson. 

(Population, census of 1910, 223,138.) 

JAMES A. HAMILL. 

(Dem., Jersey City.) 

Mr. Hamill was born in the old Sixth Ward of Jersey 

City, March 31. 1877, and is a counselor-at-law. In the year 

1S90 he entered St. Peter's College, of Jersey City, and 



BIOGRAPHIES. -C.i 

was graduated from that institution in 1897, receiving- 
the degree of Bachelor of Arts. Returning- the subse- 
quent year, he completed the post gradute course in 
philosophy and received the degree of Master of Arts. 
He studied law in the office of the late Isaac Taylor, a 
one-time law partner of the late Chancellor Alexander 
T. McGill. While a student in the office of Mr. Taylor, 
Mr. Hamill attended the lectures of the New York Law 
School, and on completing- the regular course of two 
years was awarded the degree of Bachelor of Laws. In 
the year 1900, at the June term of the Supreme 'Court, 
he was admitted to the bar, and since then has prac- 
ticed his profession in Jersey City. Mr. Hamill 
served four years as a member of the House of As- 
sembly from Hudson county and he was minority 
leader for two years. His personal popularity is wide- 
spread and he is noted for oratory and skill in debate. 
He was a member of the Sixtieth, Sixty-first, Sixty- 
second, Sixty-third, Sixty-fourth and Sixty-fifth Con- 
gresses and was re-elected to the Sixty-sixth by a 
plurality of 11,649 over Bierck, Rep., civilian vote. See 
election retvirns. 



262 EXTRA SESSIONS. 

/ 

EXTRA SESSIONS OF THE LEGISLATURE AND 
SPECIAL SESSIONS OF THE SENATE. 

1861— An extra session of the Legislature was convened on 
April 30th, and adjourned on May 10th, 1861, called in 
obedience to Governor Olden's proclamation, to raise 
troops for the war. Laws enacted, 13; Joint Reso- 
lutions, 2. 

1877— A special session of the Senate was convened in 1877, 
for the purpose of acting on the Governor's nomina- 
tions of District Court Judges. It met on March 28th 
and adjourned on March 30th. 

1884— A special session of the Senate was convened in 1884, 
to act on the Governor's nominations for members of 
the State Board of Assessors. It met on April 23d 
and lasted two hours. 

1897— An extra session of the Legislature was called on 
May 25th, 1897, to correct an error In a law providing 
for the submission to the people of proposed amend- 
ments to the Constitution. The session met at noon 
and adjourned sine die the same day at 6:47 P. M. 

1903— An extra session of the Legislature was convened 
April 21st. 1903. to correct an error In the "Passaic 
Valley Sewerage District act" of 1903. The session 
lasted about five hours and a final adjournment was 
effected on the same day. 

1903— Another extra session of the Legislature was con- 
vened on October 15th, 1903, to pass an act to estab- 
lish a systfm of public Instruction to take the place 
of an act of March 26th, 1902, which had been declared 
unconstitutional by the Court of Errors and Appeals. 
The session covered four days, and a final adjourn- 
ment was effected on October 19th. The action of 
the T>egis1ature was confined to the subject for which 
it was convened In extraordinary session. 

1904— An extra session of the Legislature was convened on 
April 12th to consider the report of the Morris Canal 
Commission and the bill to prevent the shooting of 
pigeons from traps. The session was adjourned on 
the night of the same day, after liavlng passed four 
bills which became laws. 

1908— A special session of the Senate was convened on 
Friday, May 8th, to act on nominations by the 
Governor. It lasted only a few hours, when there 
wap a final adjournment. 



EXTRA SESSIONS. 263 

1913 — An extra session of the Legislature was convened 
on May 6th to consider a new jury system, pro- 
posed constitutional convention and small board 
government for counties. After several recesses 
a final adjournment occurred on May 26th. Laws 
enacted, 22. 

1913 — Another extra session of the Legislature con- 
vened on August 5th to consider questions relat- 
ing to Jersey City commission government, and a 
final adjournment occurred on August 12th. 
Laws enacted, 2. 

1914 — A special session of the Senate was convened 
on April 24th to act on nominations by the 
Governor. It lasted only three quarters of an 
hour when there was a final adjournment. 

1915 — An extra session of the Legislature was con- 
vened on May 3d to correct errors in a law pro- 
viding for a special election to consider proposed 
amendments to the State Constitution. The ses- 
sion lasted ten hours, and was adjourned the 
same day. Laws enacted, 2. 

1916 — A special session of the Senate was held on 
June 27th to act on nominations by the Gover- 
nor. It lasted about an hour when there was a 
final adjournment. 



i'(;4 BIOGRAPHIES. 



STATE SENATORS. 



Atlantic County. 

(Population, 82,840.) 

[Emerson Lewis Richards, of Atlantic City, was 
elected Senator for this county in 1916 and served two 
years — 1917-18. He was floor leader of the majority 
the latter year. He was commissioned Captain in the 
Quartermaster Corps and assigned to the Persona) 
Bureau at New York in 1918. It is claimed that his 
acceptance of this United States commission vacates 
his office as State Senator. Attorney-General Wescott 
has given an opinion to that effect. The Senate, how- 
ever, is the judge of the qualifications of its own 
members.] 

Captain Richards was born in Atlantic City July 9th, 
1884, and is a lawyer by profession. 



Bergen County. 

(Population, 178,596.) 

WILLIAM B. IMACKAY, JR. 

(Rep., Hackensack.) 

Senator Mackay was born in Greenock, Scotland, 
August 21st, 1876, and is a lawyer. He was admitted 
to the bar at the June term, 1899, and was appointed 
a Supreme Court Commissioner, April 16th, 1915. He 
was Counsel tg the Board of Freeholders of Bergen 
county from January 1st, 1915, to January 1st, 1916, 
and held no other office until his election to the State 
Senate, which occurred in November, 1916, and by a 
plurality of 6,930 over Arthur M. Agnew, Democrat, 
the vote being, Mackay, Rep.. 16,751; Agnew, Dem., 
9.821; Pro., 715; Soc, 1.036. Last year he served as 
Chairman of the Committees on Boroughs and Town- 
ships, Municipal Corporations and State Home for 
Boys, and as a member of the Committees on Federal 
Relations, Miscellaneous Business and Village for 
Epileptics. 



BIOGRAPHIES. :^t;3 

BiirUugtou County. 

(Population, 74,737.) 

HAROLD B. "W^ELLS. 

(Rep., Bordentown.) 

Senator Wells was born at Pemberton, February 
23d, 1876. He was educated in the Public School at 
Pemberton and attended Peddie Institute at Hights- 
town, from which he was graduated in 1894. He 
graduated from Princeton University in 1898. He 
studied law for two years with Magee & Bedle, Jersey 
City, and for one year with Eckard Budd at Mount 
Holly, and was admitted to the New Jersey Bar as 
an attorney in the June term, 1902, and as a coun- 
, sellor-at-law in 1906. He has practiced his profession 
in Bordentown, Burlington county for over fourteen 
years. He is a Special Master in Chancery. He is a 
director of the Bordentown Building and Loan As- 
sociation and the Bordentown Banking Company; is 
City Solicitor of the city of Bordentown, and Solicitor 
of the First National Bank of Florence, N. J. He 
was elected to the State Senate in 1915 by a plurality 
of 3,459 votes over James Mercer Davis, Democratic 
candidate. 

Last year the Senator served as Chairman of the 
Committees on Appropriations, Clergy and State Re- 
formatory, and a member of the Committees on Bor- 
oughs and Townships and Tuberculous Sanatorium. 

The Senator was re-elected to the Senate without 
Democratic opposition in 1918, receiving 8,893 votes. 



Camden County. 

(Population, 163,221.) 

JOSHUA C. HAINES. 

(Rep., Camden.) 

Senator Haines was born at Swedesboro, Gloucester 
county, N. J., July 1st, 1868, and is owner of Camden 
^'an Co. He was a member of the City Council, Cam- 
■len, from January. 1907, to November, 1914, and was 
sheriff of Camden county from November, 1914, to the 



266 BIOGRAPHIES. 

same month, 1917. His popularity as a public official 
was emphasized by his election as State Senator just 
as his term as Sheriff expired and by the phenomenal 
plurality of 12,088 over Wilfred B. Wolcott, Dem.-Fus.- 
Ind. candidate, receiving- 17,711; Wolcott, 5,623; Soc, 
1,910; Pro., 1,133. 

Senator Haines is a member of the follow^ing- organ- 
izations: Camden Lodge No. 293, B. P. O. E.; Ionic 
Lodge 94, F. & A. M.; Excelsior Consistor5^ 32°; Tall 
Cedars of Lebanon, 5; Senatus Lodge, I. O. O. F.; 
Y. M. C. A., Board of Trade, Alpha Club, Sixth Ward 
Republican Club, Whitman Park Imp. Association; is 
ex-President of the Camden Rotary Club, a member of 
the First Presbyterian Church. Last year he served 
as Chairman of the Committees on Miscellaneous Busi- 
ness, Public Health and Epileptic Village and as a 
member of the Committees on Education, Municipal 
Corporations and State Reformatory. 



Cape May County. 

(Population, 24,407.) 

WILLIAM H. BRIGHT. 

(Rep.-, Wildwood.) 

Senator Bright was born at Bridgehampton, Michi- 
gan, October 21st, 1863, and is in the real estate an-l 
insurance business. He was Sheriff of Cape May 
county, 1905-1908, and was elected to the State Senate 
by a plurality of 1,524 over Vv'illiam Porter, Dem., re- 
ceiving 2,366 votes to 842 for Porter, Dem. 



Cumberland County. 

(Population, 59,481.) 

J. HAMPTON FITHIAN. 
(Rep., Bridgeton.) 

Senator Fithian was born at Greenwich, Cumberland 
county, December 16th, 1873, and is a lawyer. He was 
admitted as an attorney, February term, 1895, and as 



BIOGRAPHIES. 2(;7 

a counsellor, February, 1898. In 1895, he formed the 
law partnership with George Hampton, as Hampton 
it Fithian, which partnership continued until it was 
dissolved in January, 1915, and since which time he 
has practiced alone with an ofRce at Bridgeton. He 
was Prosecutor of the Pleas, Cumberland county, from 
April 20th, 1899, to April 20th, 1914. Mr. Fithian was 
elected to the Senate by a plurality of 1,639 over 
Bamford, Dem., receiving 5,075 votes; Bamford, 3,436; 
Pro., 490; Soc, 342. Last year he served as Chair- 
man of the Committees on Railroads and Canals 
Banks and Insurance and Home for Feeble-Minded 
Women, and as a member of the Committees on Cor- 
porations, Unfinished Business, Soldiers' Home and 
School for Deaf Mutes. 



Essex County. 
(Population, 566,324.) 

CHARLES CLARKE PILGRIM. 
(Rep., Newark.) 

Senator Pilgrim was born at Bridgeton, N. J., Sep- 
tember 6th, 1874, and is a lawyer. He received his 
education in the public schools of Bridgeton and Pen- 
nington Seminary; studied law in the office of Joseph 
Coult and the late James E. Howell, former Vice Chan- 
cellor; was admitted as attorney, November term, 
1898, and as counsellor, three years later. On January 
2d, 1899, began practice of law in Newark, where he 
has since continued it. 

He is a member of General Henry W. Lawton Coun- 
cil, Jr. O. U, A, M„ No. 284; Master of Kane Lodge, 
No. 55, F. «& A. M. ; and member of Radiant Star Lodge, 
No. 190, 1. O. O. F. 

The Senator was a member of Assembly in 1915 and 
1916, and in the latter year served as Speaker with 
much ability and impartiality. He was appointed 
Judge of the Third Criminal Court in 1916 and con- 
tinued in office in 1917. 

He was elected Senator at the regular election in 
1917 by a plurality of 5,584 over Michael J. Quigley, 
Dem.. receiving 26,231 votes; Quigley, 20,647; Fus.- 
Local Option, 9,168; Soc, 6,086; Pro., 417; Soc. -Lab., 



iT.s BIOGRAPHIES. 

619. Last year he served as Chairman of the Com- 
mittees on Revision of Laws, Taxation and School for 
Feeble-Minded Children, and as a, member of the Com- 
mittees on Elections, Railroads and Canals, Public 
Grounds and Buildings and Treasurer's Accounts. 



Gloucester County. 

(Population, 43,587.) 

EDWARD LUTZ STURGESS. 
(Rep., Glassboro.) 

Senator Sturgess was born at Glassboro,. X. J., April 
29th, 1868, and for thirty years has conducted a gen- 
eral insurance agency. Previously he was a machinist 
by occupation. 

He has ripe experience in county affairs and legisla- 
tive matters which essentially qualify him for the 
duties of a law maker. In the Gloucester County 
Board of Freeholders he served as a member for an 
unexpired term, but did not seek a reelection, and 
was County Clerk of the same county for five years, 
dating from November, 1907. In the routine of legis- 
lative work he was clerk to the Committee on High- 
ways, of the Senate, in 1915; calendar clerk in the 
session of 1916, and in 1917 President Gaunt of the 
Senate honored him with the confidential position of 
private secretary. When the commission to codify the 
road laws was created in 1915 he was chosen secre- 
tary of that bod5% and in 1916 filled a similar office to 
the commission appointed to investigate toll roads 
and bridges. 

In 1917 he was elected to the Senate by the phenoin- 
enal plurality of 2,073 over his Democratic opponent, 
John H. Hobday, receiving 4,017 votes; Hobday, 1,944: 
Soc, 1,482; Pro., 303. Last year he served as Chairman 
of the Committees on Printed Bills, Finance and Pub- 
lic Printing, and as a member of the Committees on 
Banks and Insurance, Highways. State School for 
Girls and State School for Boys. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 2r,rt 

Hudson County. 

(Popvilation, 571,371.) 

EDWARD I. EDWARDS. 

(Dem., Jersey City.) 

Senator Edwards was born in that part of Jersey 
City then known as the Town of Bergen, on December 
1st, 1863. His father and brothers have been promi- 
nent in the business and political life of Hudson 
county for the past fifty years. He was educated at 
Public .School No. 13 and the High School of Jersey 
City. He entered the class of 1884 at the University 
of the City of New York, but left college at the end 
of his Junior year. After spending some time in the 
law office of his brother, he accepted a position in the 
First National Bank of Jersey City, where he remained 
for seven years. Finding that his healtlT was impaired 
by the confining nature of his work at the bank, he 
left and was, for some years, engaged in the general 
contracting business of Edwards Brothers. 

In 1898 he entered the service of Jersey City in 
its tax department and was clerk to the Martin Act 
Commission, during the busy years of that board. In 
1903, at the suggestion of Edward F. C. Young, the 
president, he again entered the bank as an assistant 
to the president; shortly afterwards he became cashier 
and a director, and subsequently President of this 
important financial institution. 

In politics, a Democrat of the regular stripe, he has 
been for many years a member of the Hudson County 
Democratic Committee and active in organization 
work. On February 7th, 1911, he was elected by the 
Legislature in joint session as State Comptroller, for 
the term of three years, over Henry J. West, Republi- 
can, and re-elected in 1914, serving six years alto- 
gether. 

Mr. Edwards was elected to the State Senate No- 
vember 5th, 1918, to fill the unexpired term of Corne- 
lius McGlennon, who had resigned to become a candi- 
date for Congress, by a plurality of 21,300, receiving 
35.910 votes; Story, Rep., 14,610; Soc, 4,094. 



-■:>■ BIOGRAPHIES. 

Hunterdou County, 

(Population, 34,697.) 

GEORGE F. MARTENS, JR. 

(Dem., Old "SVick (formerly New Germantown.) 

Senator Martens was born in Brooklyn, N. Y., Feb- 
ruary 21st, 1867. He served three years in the House 
of Assembly — 1897, '98 and '99 and as State Senator — 
1904 to 1907, 1913 to 1915; was re-elected in 1915 and 
again in 1918, being the only Senator -who was ever 
given a fourth term in Hunterdon county. Last year 
he served on the Committees on Agriculture, Boroughs 
and Townships, Militia, Printed Bills, Home for 
Feeble-Minded Children, Home for Boys and Treas- 
urer's Accounts. 

In 1918 his plurality was 133, receiving 3,322 votes 
to 3,189 for Thomas, Rep. 



Mercer County. 

(Population, 139,812.) 

JAMES HAMMOND. 

(Rep., Trenton.) 

Senator Hammond w^as born at Trenton, N. J., August 
21st, 1882, and is a lawyer. He attended the Trenton 
High School, New York Law School, and was admitted 
to the New Jersey Bar in 1909. He is a member of the 
Sons of St. George, Knights of Pythias, Royal Arca- 
num, Modern Woodmen, American Mechanics, Patriotic 
Order Sons of America and Mercer Lodge No. 50, F. 
& A. M. Last year he served as Chairman of the Com- 
mittees on Labor and Industries, School for Girls. Sta- 
tionery and Incidental Expenses and Passed Bills, and 
as a member of the Committees on Revision of Laws, 
Militia and State Prison. 

He served three years as a member of the Assembly. 
In 1918 he was appointed Assistant Prosecutor of the 
Pleas for Mercer county. In 1916 he was elected to the 
State Senate by a plurality of 1,086 over S. Roy Heath, 
Dem., receiving 11,581 votes; Heath, 10,495; Soc, 484; 
Pro., 243. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 2 71 

j>Iiddlesex County. 

(Population, 144,716.) 

THOMAS BROWN. 
(Dem., Perth Amboy.) 

Senator Brown was born in England on December 
3d, 1877, while his parents were sojourning through 
that country. Since tlie first year of his life he has 
resided continuously in the County of Middlesex. He 
graduated from the New York Law School in 1905 with 
the degree of LL.B., and wae admitted to the bar 
as an attorney in February term, 1907, and as a coun- 
selor-at-law three years later. He was elected Sena- 
tor by plurality of 1,378 over Edgar, Rep., the vote- 
being 8,836 to 7,458. 

Monmouth County. 

(Population, 107,636.) 
HENRY ELIJAH ACKERSON, JR. 
(Dem., Keyport.) 

Senator Ackerson was born in Holmdel township, 
near Hazlet, Monmouth county. New Jersey, October 
15th, 1880. In 1890 his parents moved to Keyport, N. J. 
wrtere he entered the local public school and was 
graduated from the Keyport High School in 1898 
with high honors. He was then employed for a time 
as a clerk in the People's National Bank of Kesyport, 
and then entered the Packard Commercial School, 
New York City, and after his graduation there, became 
secretary to the manager of a New York brokerage 
firm, and during this employment he continued his 
education with the Senftner Preparatory School in 
New York City, attending the night classes, with 
the view of preparing himself to take up the study 
of law. He passed the New York Regents' exami- 
nations in 1900 and was admitted to the New York 
Law School, from which he graduated in the year 
1902 at the head of a large class of students, with 
an exceptionally high average in his examinations, 
and as a result of this record he was appointed Pro- 
fessor of Pleading and Practice at the Law School, 
which position he occupied for two years, being at the 



272 - BIOGRAPHIES. 

same time connected with a law firm in Jersey 
City. He was admitted to the New Jersey Bar as 
an attorney-at-law, March 7th, ]904, and was made 
a counsellor-at-law and Master in Chancery No- 
vember 28th, 1909. 

On May 1st, 1906, Mr. Ackerson left the law firm 
in Jersey City to engage in the practice of law by 
himself in his home town of Keyport, where he has 
practiced continuously ever since. He has never 
before been a candidate for any elective office. He 
served as attorney of the Borough of Keyport from 
January 1st, 1909, to January 1st, 1914, and has been 
counsel for the township of Holmdel continuously 
since January 1st, 1909. On February 11th, 1914, 
he was appointed counsel to the Board of Chosen 
Freeholders of the county of Monmouth, which office 
he now holds. 

He is a director of and attorney for the People's 
National Bank of Keyport, and is Vice-President of 
the Keyport Free Public Library Association. He 
is a member of the Royal Arcanum, being a Past 
Regent of that order and has also served as Super- 
vising Deputy Grand Regent for that order in Mon- 
mouth county. 

In 1914 he was elected to the Senate by a plurality 
of 807 over Appleby, Republican, and in 1917 he was re- 
elected by a plurality of 1,278 over Charles R. Snyder, 
Republican, receiving 10,146 votes; _Snyder, 8,868. 

He served as minority leader for the sessions of 1916 
and 1919, and in 1917 was the minority choice for Presi- 
dent of the Senate. Last year he served on the Com- 
mittees on Education, Elections, Revision of Laws. 
State Prison. Riparian Rights, Commerce and Naviga- 
tion. Home for Feehle-Minded Women and School for 
Deaf Mutes. 



Morri.s County. 

(Population, 81,514.) 

ARTHUR WHITNEY. 
(Rep.. Mendham.) 

Senator Whitney was born at Morris Plains, N. J., 
July 5th, 1871. He entered the banking business early 



BIOGRAPHIES. -T:; 

in life, and first ran for public ©flice in 1916, when he 
was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 2,825 
over Holland, the highest Democrat. In 1917 he was 
returned to the Assembly by a plurality of 3,826 over 
Cooper, the highest Democrat. Last year he was 
Chairman for the Assembly of the Joint Appropria- 
tions Committee, and of the Reformatory for Women, 
and a member of t!ie Committees on Agriculture, 
Social Welfare and Rules. He was elected to the Sen- 
ate in 1918 for the unexpired term of Senator Mutchler 
by a plurality of 2,210, receiving 5,986 votes; Reed, 
Dem., 3,776; Atwood, Ind. Rep., 1,167. 



Ocean County. 

(Population, 23,011.) 

DAVID GROVE CONRAD. 
(Rep., Barnegat.) 

Senator Conrad was born in Philadelphia, Pa., March 
16th, 1867. came to Barnegat in 1874, and has been 
in the lumber and mill business all his life. He was 
appointed for one year a member of the Board of 
Freeholders, 1905, and was elected as such in 1906- 
'09-'12, without any opposition. He is one of the 
directors of the Tuckerton bank and a stockholder in 
the Barnegat Water Company. Mr. Conrad is a mem- 
ber of Barnegat Lodge, No. 71. K. of P.; State Council, 
No. 202. Jr. O. U. A. M., and of Cedar Run Lodge, I. O. 
O. P. He served four years as an Assemblyman, and 
in 1916 was elected to the Senate by a plurality of 
227 over Doctor Joshua Hilliard, Democrat, receiving 
2,705 votes; Hilliard, 2,478; Pro., e?. Last year he 
served as Chairman of the Committees on Commerce 
and Navigation, Riparian Rig-its and Treasurer's Ac- 
counts, and as a member of the Committees on Agri- 
culture, Stationery, Public Printing and State Hos- 
pitals. 

18 



L'7# BIOGRAPHIES. 

Passaic County. 

(Population. 236,364.) 

ALBIN SMITH. 
(Rep., Paterson.) 

Senator Albin Smith was born at Franklin Furnace, 
Sussex county, N. J., and is a counselor-at-law. He 
was educated in the Paterson public schools and later 
was employed as a telegraph operator and railroad 
clerk. He attended the New York Law School (even- 
ing division) a<nd passed his New Jersey bar examina- 
tion in June, 1905, and counselor in June, 1911. 

He was an Alderman of the city of Paterson in 1903- 
1907, and was elected to the Assembly of New Jersey 
November, 1917. 

In November, 1918, he defeated Peter C. Quacken- 
bush. Democrat, for the State Senate by 6,784 plurality. 



Salem County. 

(Population, 30,292.) 

COLLINS B. ALLEN. 
(Rep., Salem.) 

Senator Allen, a prominent farmer In Mannington 
township, Salem county, N. J.,, was born on the old 
Homestead farm, August 9th, 1^'66. He entered the lo- 
cal public school, afterward attended a private school 
in Salem. He was elected a member of the Board of 
Education of IMannington township in 1896, appointed 
district clerk of that board in 1897 and now holds 
both positions. In 1897 he was elected township 
clerk and held that office until he was nominated for 
the Senate. Mr. Allen served as sheriff of Salem 
county for a term of three years, beginning in 1905. 

He is a director of the Salem National Banking 
Company, also a director of the South Jersey Farmers' 
Exchange. He is a member of Salem Grange No. 
172, and held the office of master for two years, and 
is also a member of Forest Lodge No. 7, K. of P. 

He was elected to the Senate in 1914 by a plurality 



BIOGRAPHIES. 275 

of 519 over Smick, Democrat, and was re-electci in 
1917 by the increased plurality of 1,707 over David 
A. Englisli, Democrat, the total vote being, Allen, 3,776; 
English, 2,069; Pro., 331. Last year the Senator served 
as Chairman of the Committees on Agriculture, Game 
and Fish, State Prison, and Public Grounds and Build- 
ings, and as a member of the Committees on Appro- 
priations and Printed Bills. 



Somerset County. 

(Population, 44,123.) 

CLARENCE EDWARDS CASE. 

(Rep., Somerville.) 

Senator Case was born in Jersey City, N. J., Sep- 
tember 24th, 1877, and is a lawyer. He is a graduate 
of Rutgers Preparatory School, 1896; Rutgers College, 
1900; New Jersey Law School, 1902, and received the 
honorary degrees — B.A., M.A., LL.D. — and is a mem- 
ber of the following fraternities: Delta Upsilon, Phi 
Betta Kappa, Phi Delta Phi (C J C), and is a mem- 
ber of the Elks, Masons and Knights of Pythias. 

The Senator was clerk of the Judiciary Committee 
of the Senate, 1909, and Private Secretary to the Presi- 
dent of the Senate, 1910. 

He was County Judge, Somerset county, from 1910 
to 1913, when he resigned. At the present time he is 
a member of the Somerville Board of Education and 
the Somerville Board of Health. 

He was elected to the Senate in 1917 by a plurality 
of 1,920 over Peter B. Hall, Democrat, the total vote 
being. Case, 4,202; Hall, 2,282; Pro., 185. Last year he 
served as Chairman of the Committees on Unfinished 
Business, Tuberculous Sanatorium and as a member of 
the Committees on Judiciary, Labor Industries and 
Social Welfare, Public Health and Home for Feeble- 
Minded Women. 



276 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Sussex County.. 

(Population, 25,977.) 

HENRY T. KAYS. 

(Dera., Newton.) 

Senator Kays was born at Newton, N. J., September 
29th, 1878, and is a lawyer. He was graduated from 
Newton public school in 1896; from the English and 
Classical School in 1898; entered Princeton University 
in 1899, and was graduated in the spring of 1903. 
He taught science in the English and Classical School 
of Newton two years. He studied law at Newton in 
the law offices of Thomas M. Kays, his father, and was 
admitted to the New Jersey bar in February, 1910. 
He was a member of the Board of Chosen Freehold- 
ers of Sussex county from May, 1910, to June, 1911, 
and has served as counsel of the board since January, 
1917. He is Federal Food Administrator for Sussex 
county. He served as a member of the House of 
Assembly in 1913, '14, '15, and was elected to the Sen- 
ate in 1918 by a plurality of 430, receiving 2,487 votes 
to 5,057 for Wilson, Rep. 



Union County. 

(Population, 167,322.) 

WILLIAM N. RUNYON. 
(Rep., Plainfield.) 

Senator Runyon was born at Plainfield, N. J., March 
5th, 1871, and is a lawyer. He was prepared for col- 
lege at the Plainfield High School; graduated from 
Yale in 1892 and from the New York Law School in 
1894; was admitted to the New York bar in 1894; to 
the New Jersey bar as attorney, 1898, and counselor, 
1901. 

He was a member of the Plainfield Common Council 
for two years, 1897-8; city judge, 1899-1910, and for 
three years, 1915-16-17, was a member of the Assembly. 

His plurality over his Democratic opponent. Ten 
Eyck R. Beardsley, for State Senator was 6,175. The 
total vote was: Runyon, 12,486; Beardsley, 6,311; Soc, 



BIOGRAPHIES. 277 

2,825; Pro.j 278. Last year he served as Chairman 
of the Committees on Hig-hways, Federal Relations 
and Sinking- Fund, and as a member of the Committees 
on Clergy, Riparian Rights, State Library and School 
for Feeble-Minded Children. 



W'arreu County. , 

(Population, 44,314.) 

THOMAS BARBER. 
(Dem., Phillipsburg.) 

Senator Barber was born at Port Warren, Warren 
County, New Jersey, May 11th, 1868; and is a physi- 
cian by profession. He is a lineal descendant of John 
Barber, Esq., who settled at what is now Lopatcong 
Township, prior to 1740. Dr. Barber's ancestors were 
actively engaged in the Revolution. His great grand- 
father. Barber, was for some time a revolutionary 
soldier. His great grandfather, Thomas Kennedy, a 
nephew of ^ General William Maxwell, was a member 
of Kennedy's brigade of teams. His great grand- 
father, Henry Stroh, ?r., was wounded at the battle of 
Trenton. His great great grandfather, Mathias Ship- 
man, was Lieutenant Colonel of Second Sussex Regi- 
ment. His great great grandfather, Jonas Hartzell, 
was a member of a committee of safety. His grand- 
father, Henry Stroh, Jr., was a sergeant in the war of 
1812. Dr. Barber received his early education in the 
public schools, and prepared for college at the Phil- 
lipsburg and Easton High Schools. He entered Lafa- 
yette in 1891, graduated in the arts, 1895; and in 
medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, 1898. He 
located in Phillipsburg and has since practiced in con- 
junction with his brother. Dr. Isaac Barber. In the 
1911 election, in Phillipsburg alone, he received a 
majority of 1,568, the largest majority ever given a 
candidate for any office in the history of the munici- 
pality. The Doctor was then elected to the Senate by 
a plurality of 2,152 over Marvin A. Pierson, Repub- 
lican. He was re-elected in 1914 by the increased 
plurality of 2,439 over Shoemaker, Republican, and 
again in 1917 by a plurality of 780 over John C. Sharpe, 



278 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Republican. The total vote was: Barber, 3,775; 
Sharpe, 2,995; Pro., 388; Soc, 144. Last year he served 
on the Committees on Clergy, Public Health, Railroads 
and Canals, Stationery, Unfinished Business, State Hos- 
pitals, Sanatorium for Tuberculous Diseases and- Pub- 
lic Buildings. 



Summary. 

Senate — Republicans .... 14 Democrats 6 = 20 

Senate — Vacancy 1 1 

House — Republicans 30 Democrats 30 = 60 

45 36 81 
Republican majority on joint ballot, 8. 



When Regular Senatorial Elections Occur. 

In 1919 — Atlantic, Bergen, Cumberland, Mercer, Mor- 
ris and Ocean, now represented by Republicans, and 
in Hudson represented by a Democrat, 7. 

In 1920 — Camden, Essex, Gloucester, Somerset, Salem 
and Union, now represented by Republicans, and Mon- 
mouth and Warren, represented by Democrats, 8. 

In 1921 — Cape May, Burlington and Passaic, now rep- 
resented by Republicans, and Hunterdon, Middlesex 



and Sussex represented by Democrats, 6. 



HOUSE OF ASSEMBLY. 

Atlantic County. 

WILLIAM A. BLAIR. 
(Rep., Elwood.) 

Mr, Blair was born in Philadelphia, Pa., in 1882, and 
is a farmer, and was formerly a mechanical engineer. 
He was a member of the Board of Chosen Freeholders, 
Atlantic county, in 1916-17. He was re-elected to the 
Assembly by a plurality of 4,129 over Meyers, high 



BIOGRAPHIES. 279 

Democrat, the total vote being Blair, 6,084; Meyers, 
1,955; Pettit, 828. Last year he was Chairman of the 
Committee on Bill Revision, and member of. the Com- 
mittees on Highways, Ways and Means and Passed 
Bills. 

UNDERWOOD COCHRAN. 
(Rep., Atlantic City.) 

Mr. Cochran was born in Georgia, September 20th, 
1872, and is engaged in the real estate business. He 
is a gradute of medicine. He was re-elected to the 
Assembly by a plurality of 4,236 over Meyers, high 
Democrat, the total vote being Cochran, 6,191; Meyers, 
1,955; Pettit, 1,828. Last year he was Chairman of the 
Committee on Treasurer's Accounts, and member of 
the Committees on Elections, Incidental Expenses and 
Railroads and Canals. 



Bergen County. 

WALTER G. WINNE. 
(Rep., Hasbrouck Heights.) 

Mr. Winne was born in Brooklyn, N. Y., February 
18th, 1889, and is a counselor-at-law. He was grad- 
uated at Rutgers College in 1910, Litt.B., and the New 
York Law School in 1912, LL.B. He is Borough At- 
torney for Hasbrouck Heights and his law office is 
at Hackensack. This is his fourth term as an Assem- 
blyman, which has not been equaled in Bergen county 
since 1886, when John Van Bussom served a similar 
period, but not consecutive. His plurality at the last, 
election over Hitchcock, high Democrat, was 4,128, the 
total vote being Winne, 12.397; Hitchcock, 8,269; Soc, 
1,695; Pro., 659; Single Tax, 492. Last year Mr. Winne 
was Chairman of the Committees on Revision of Laws 
and member of the Committees on Rules, Judiciary, 
Passed Bills and Public Printing and Incidental Ex- 
penses. 

W. IRVING GLOVER. 
(Rep., Englewood.) 

Mr. Glover was born in Brooklyn, N. Y., October 
2d, 1879, and is treasurer of Wilmore Realty Company, 



280 BIOGRAPHIES. 

New York City. He was a member of the Board of 
Freeholders of Bergen county from January 1st to 
December 31st, 1915. He was re-elected and to a third 
term by a plurality of 4,048 over Hitchcock, high 
Democrat, the total vote being Glover, 12,317; Hitch- 
cock, 8,269; Soc, 1,695; Pro., 659; Single Tax, 492. 
Last year he served as Chairman of the Committees on 
Boroughs and Borough Commissions and member of 
the Committees on Municipal Corporations. Towns and 
Townships and State Library. 

WILLIAM ST. JOHN TOZER; 
(Rep., Bogota.) 

Mr. Tozer was born in New York City November 7th, 
1885, and is a lawyer practicing in New York and New 
Jersey. He has resided in New Jersey since 1895. He 
attended public schools and New York Preparatory 
Sch'ool and studied law at New York Law School even- 
ings and in law office daytime. He was admitted to 
practice in New York in 1910 and in New Jersey in 
1913. 

Mr. Tozer, as Councilman of the Borough of Bogota, 
served from August, 1916, to January 1st, 1918, and 
May, 1918, to January, 1919. He was elected to the 
Assembly by a plurality of 3,184 over Hitchcock, high 
Democrat, the total vote being Tozer, 11,453; Hitch- 
cock, 8,269; Soc, 1,695; Pro., 659; Single Tax, 492. 



Biirliugton County. 

EMMOR ROBERTS. 
(Rep., Moorestown.) 

Mr. Roberts was born at Moorestown, Burlington 
county, N. J., March 13th, 1890, and is a fruit grower 
and farmer. He is a graduate of Swarthmore College, 
1911, and Cornell Short Agricultural Course, 1912, He 
owns and directs five large fruit farms in Burlington 
county. He is also a director of Stokes Seeds Farms 
Company, a member of the national committee of seed 
inspection and certification, and a director of Moores- 
town Trust Company. Mr. Roberts was a member of 
Delaware Farmers' Institute Lecturing Staff, 1913, and 



BIOGRAPHIES. 281 

New Jersey, 1914-15, and lectures considerably in 
eastern agricultural colleges. 

Before his election to the Assembly, Mr. Roberts 
never held public office. In 1918 he was given a fourth 
term as Assemblyman, unusual in Burlington county, 
by a plurality of 3,679 over Ralph W. Haines. Demo- 
crat. The vote being Roberts, 7,111; Haines, 3,432. 
Last year he was Chairman of the Committee on Agri- 
culture and rriember of the Committees on Labor and 
Industries, Printed Bills and School for Colored Youth. 
Mr. Roberts is a member of the Public Library Com- 
mission. 



Camden County. 

RALPH NEWTON KELLAM. 
(Rep., Merchantville.) 

Mr. Kellam was born in Philadelphia, Pa., November 
16th, 1878, and is a counsellor-at-law of New Jersey 
and Philadelphia. He was educated in public schools 
of Camden and Friends Central School of Philadelphia, 
and was graduated from the College Department Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania in 1900 with degree of 
Bachelor of Science, and from the Law School Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania in 1903 with degree of Bache- 
lor of Laws. He was admitted to the bar of Phila- 
delphia county in June, 1903. In November, 1906, he 
was admitted to the bar of New Jersey as. an attorney 
and three years later as a counsellor-at-law. He 
practices law in Philadelphia and Camden. He is 
solicitor of 'the County Building and Loan Association 
and the Westmont Building and Loan Association, and 
a director of the Economy Building and Loan Associa- 
tion. He has been Solicitor for the Board of Health 
of the Borough of Collingswood since 1910. 

He is a member of the Board of Managers of the 
.New Jersey Society of the Sons of the Revolution; 
of Camden Lodge No. 293, B. P. O. E.; Merchantville 
Lodge No. 119, F. & A. M. ; Siloan Chapter No. 19, R. A. 
M. ; of the Law Association of the City of Philadelphia, 
and of the Law Academy of City of Philadelphia. He 
belongs to the University Club of Philadelphia and 
the Delta Kappa Epsilon Club of New York. He was 
a member of the Board of Education, borough of Had- 



282 BIOGRAPHIES. 

donfleld, from 1905 to 1908, and a member of Camden 
County Republican Executive Committee from borough 
of Merchantville, 1915, 1916, 1917, 1918. 

He was re-elected to the Assembly for a third term 
by a plurality of 10, 236. over Nicholson, hig-'.i Demo- 
crat. The total vote was: Kellam, 15,778; Nicholson, 
5,542; Soc, 1,061; Pro., 1,421. 

Last year Mr. Kellam was Chairman of the Com- 
mittee on Printed Bills and member of the Committees 
on Hig-hways, Judiciary, Miscellaneous Business, 
Clergy, Boys' Home and Treasurer's Accounts. 

T. HARRY ROWLAND. 
(Rep., Camden.) 

Mr. Rowland Avas born in Boston, Mass., May 22d. 
1888, and is a lawyer. 

He was elected to the Assembly by a plurality or 
10,232 over Nicholson, high Democrat, the total vote 
being Rowland, 15,775; Nicholson, 5,542; Pro., 1,421; 
Soc, 1,061. 

JOSEPH F. WALLWORTH. 
(Rep., Haddonfield.) 

Mr. Wallworth was born in Philadelphia February 
24th, 1876, and is member of the firm of J. Wallworth's 
vSons, Philadelphia, manufacturers of cotton and wool 
waste. He has been a member of the Camden County 
Republican Executive Committee three years, and is 
associated with the following organizations: Presi- 
dent of the Haddonfield Republican Club, member Cam- 
den Lodge of Elks, of various Masonic fraternities, of 
the Crescent Temple, Mystic Shrine, of Trenton, and of 
the Union League Club of Philadelphia. 

He was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 
9,986, over Nicholson, high Democrat, the total vote 
being Wallworth. 15,528; Nicholson. 5,542; Pro., 1,421; 
Soc, 1,061. 



Cape May 

MARK LAKE. 
(Rep., Ocean City.) 

Mr. Lake was born at Bargaintown, N. J., August 
13th, 1863, and is an undertaker. He was formerly a 



BIOGRAPHIES. 283 

house painter and contractor. He received a common 
school education. In April, 18S0, he came to Peck's 
Beach, Cape May county, to lay out Ocean City, w-hich 
at that time was a wilderness and ever since he has 
been a resident of that place. He served four years 
in the City Council, 1898 to 1902. Was president of 
that body one year and also acting- mayor. He was 
elected coroner of Cape May county in 1908 and again 
in 1913, and was a member of the Assembly in 1916. 
He was re-elected to the Assembly of 1919 by a plu- 
rality of 1,195 over Howard D. Taylor, Democrat. The 
total vote was: Lake, 2.148; Taylor, 953. Last year he 
was Chairman of the Committee on Railroads and 
Canals and member of the Committees on Miscellane- 
ous Business, Riparian Rights and School for Feeble- 
Minded Children. 



Cumberland County. 

FIRMAN M. REEVES. 
(Rep., Millville.) 

Mr. Reeves was born at Millville, N. J., September 
20th, 1877, and is in the drug business. He was edu- 
cated in the Millville public schools and was graduated 
from Bridgeton Business School. He has always 
taken an active part in the civic affairs of the citj^ 
but never before held public office. He is a director 
of the Mechanics National Bank and the Hope Build- 
ing and Loan Association, and treasurer of the Fire- 
men's Relief Association, all of Millville. He is a 
member of Millville Lodge, B. P. O. E. ; Fraternal Order 
of Eagles; Loyal Order of Moose, and Tuscola Tribe, 
Red Men. 

Mr. Reeves was re-elected to the Assembly by a plu- 
rality of 2,916 over Dilworth. Democrat, the total vote 
being Reeves, 4,622; Dilworth. 1.706; Pro., 411. 

Last year he served as Chairman of the Committee 
on Federal Relations and member of the Committees 
on Public Health, Soldiers' Home and Home for Feeble- 
Minded Women. 



284 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Essex County. 

EDRIC CLARENCE GREAVES. 
(Dem., South Orange.) 

Mr. Greaves was born at Barbados, B. W. I., August 
31st, 1877, and is executive in a piano factory. ]Mr. 
Greaves comes of a family of jurists, orators and 
executives in the British Empire. Several magistrates 
of the British Isles are his relatives.- On his father's 
side he has a first cousin. Sir Herbert Greaves, Chief 
Justice of Barbados, British West Indies. A first 
cousin on his mother's side is Sir Henry Bovell, At- 
torney-General of British Guiana. 

He came to New York when fourteen years old, and 
has lived in the village of Maplewood during the last 
eighteen years. He is Secretary of the Newark Dio- 
cesan Federation of Holy Name Societies and Chairman 
of the Executive Committee of the Federation of Holy 
Name Societies of Essex county. In the performance 
of those duties he has manifested much oratorical 
ability. When ex-President Grover Cleveland was 
Chairman of the Board of Trustees of the Equitable 
Life Assurance Society Mr. Greaves was his private 
secretary. 

He was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 
4.760 over Davenport, high Republican, the total vote 
being 30,902 to 26,142. 

ELROY HEADLEY. 
(Dem., East Orange.) 

Mr. Headley was born at Union, N. J., April 7th, 
1879: is a law^yer and author and son of William C. 
Headley, prominent lawyer of Newark. He was gradu- 
ated from' the Irvington public school in 1884: from 
the Newark Academy in 1897: from Princeton Uni- 
versity in 1901. and from the New York Law School 
in 1903. He was admitted as an attorney-at-law No- 
vember, 1903, and as a counselor November, 1906. At 
Princeton he took all the courses of Woodrow Wilson, 
then a professor there, and received the Phi Beta 
Kappa Key, and was one of Baird prize orators. He is 
associate editor of the Craftsman. 

^Ir. Headley is a member of various local, civic. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 285 

economic and national associations, among them being: 
Ophir Lodge, 186, F. & A. M.; East Orange ;:^odge, 242, 
I. O. O. F.; Apex Lodge, K. of P., and Elmwood 'Coun- 
cil, 306, Jr. O. U. A. M.; the Princeton Club of the Or- 
anges, Lawyers' Club, Essex County, New Jersey So- 
ciety, S. A. R.; Newark Board of Trade, Essex En- 
campment, First Ward Local Interest Club of East 
Orange, Crescent Court of the Orient,. No. 1; Young 
Men's Business Club of Newark, New York Young 
Men's Democratic Club, National Security League, Na- 
tional Citizens League for the Promotion of a Sound 
Banking System, the Board of Stewards of Ferry M. E. 
Church, East Orange, and the National Association for 
Constitutional Government. 

He was a candidate for Sheriff of Essex county in 
1915; high man on the Democratic Assembly ticket 
in 1916, and candidate for County Clerk in 1917. Ha 
was elected to the Assembly in 1918 by a plurality 
of 4,922 over Davenport, high Republican, the vote 
being Headley, 31,044; Davenport, 26,142. 

HUGH C. BARRETT. 
(Dem., Newark.) 

Mr. Barrett was born in Newark, March 13th, 1886, 
and is a lawyer, being the senior member of the law 
firm of M. T. and H. C. Barrett and Roy Anthony. His 
father, the late Michael T. Barrett, served as a member 
of the Assembly in 1887 and State Senator, 1891-1893, 
being then the first Democratic Senator from Essex in 
twenty-five years. 

This is the first time Mr. Barrett has been elected 
to public office, although he has always been interested 
in political affairs. Unsolicited he was nominated for 
Assembly, carried the primaries by a unanimous vote; 
entered heartily into the campaign; worked for the 
success of the ticket of his party and was elected by 
a large plurality. He is in close touch with the heeds 
of his constituents and is an adherent of liberality 
within reason. 

Mr. Barrett is a graduate of St. Mary's Academy, 
Newark: Princeton L'niversity, 1908. and New York 
University Law School, 1910. He studied law with 
Lum, Tamblyn & Colyer, and was admitted to the bar 



286 BIOGRAPHIES. 

in 1910, when he became associated with his father 
under the law firm of M. T. & H. C. Barrett. On Jan- 
uary 1st, 1911, he was elected Corporation Counsel of 
the Town of Harrison, an office he has held ever 
since. He is counsel for the Newark Firemen's Relief 
Association, the Firemen's Mutual Benefit Association, 
Branch 4, and also the United States Savings Bank of 
Newark. 

Mr. Barrett married a daughter of William Riker, 
of the jewelry firm of Riker Brothers, former County 
Register of Essex and Clerk of the New Jersey Su- 
preme Court. His home is in East Orange. 

His plurality over Davenport, the highest Republi- 
can candidate, was 4,457. The total vote was:. Bar- 
rett, 30.599; Davenport, 26,142. He was Democratic 
leader session of 1919. 

JAMES F. HYLAND. 
(Dem., Newark.) 
Mr. Hyland was born in Newark, N. J., August 19th, 
1867, and is engaged in real estate and insurance busi- 
ness. He was a Chosen Freeholder of Essex county, 
1898 to 1900, and was under sheriff for some years. He 
led his ticket and was elected to the Assembly by a 
plurality of 5,452 over Davenport, the highest Repub- 
lican, the vote being Hyland, 31,595; Davenport, 
26,142. 

JAMES J. WHALEN. 
(Dem., Newark.) 

Mr. Whalen was born in the city of Newark May 
4th, 1881. He received his education in the parochial 
and public schools of the city of Newark. After leav- 
ing school he was engaged in business with his father 
conducting a reporting and collecting agency, and 
upon his father's death he secured employment with 
the New Jersey Bottlers' Protective Association, his 
present position being that of manager of said con- 
cern. 

He has always been an earnest Democrat in poli- 
tics, and an active worker in that party, and he has 
represented the district in which he resides as a mem- 
ber of the County Committee for the past fifteen years. 

Mr. Whalen is a well-known athlete, having been 
associated with athletic sports for the past fifteen 



BIOGRAPHIES. 287 

years, he being a noted basketball and baseball player. 
He is a member of the Dominican Holy Name Society, 
President of the Thirteenth Ward Democratic Club and 
a member of the Board of Directors of the Hibernian 
Building- and Loan Association, and various other 
political and social organizations. 

He was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 
4,775 over Davenport, high Republican, the vote being 
30,917 to 26,142.. 

JAMES J. CROSS. 
(Dem., Newark.) 

Captain Cross was born in New York City January 
26th, 1870, and is engaged in transportation and 
lighterage business. His education was received in 
the Christian Brothers' School, Newark. He is now a 
steamboat captain and was a pilot for many years. 
He has always taken a great interest in public affairs, 
and especially in water transportation. 

The Captain was elected to the Assembly by a plu- 
rality of 4,810 over Davenport, high Republican, the 
vote being Cross" 30,952; Davenport, 26,142. 

MICHAEL FRANCIS" JUDGE. 

(Dem., Newark.) 

Mr. Judge was born in Newark, N. J., July 3d, 1885, 
and is a lawyer. He is a graduate of the Newark Hign 
School, and took up the study of law in 1909 and was 
graduated with honors from the New Jersey Law 
School in 1911; was admitted as an attorney Novem-r 
ber, 1912, and as counselor tliree years later. He has 
never held public office before his election to the As- 
semblj'. He is actively engaged in the practice of his 
•jrofession at 207 Market street, Newark. Mr. Judge 
was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 4,724 
over Davenport, high Republican, the vote being Judge, 
30,866; Davenport, 26,142. 

JOSEPH J. FINLEY. 

(Dem., Newark.) 

:\rr. Finley w^as born in Kells, County Meath. Ireland, 
May 1st, 1871, and is engaged in the wholesale paper 



288 BIOGRAPHIES. 

and twine business. He was formerly owner of a 
chain of grocery stores in New Jersey.. This is the 
first time he has held public ofRce. He was elected to 
the Assembly by a plurality of 4.662 over Davenport, 
hig-h Republican, the vote being- Finley, 30.804; Dav- 
enport, 26,142. 

LOUIS R. FREUXD. 
(Dem., Newark.) 

Mr. Freund was born at Rochester, N. Y., March 
18th, 1889, and is a lawyer. He attended the Newark 
Higa School and also Rutgers College and won a 
scholarship from the latter institution; the New York 
Law School and was graduated from the New Jersey 
Law School with the degree of L.L. B. He worked his 
way through the High School, college and law schools. 
On September 30th, 1913, he married Rebecca R. Her- 
man and has one child, a son, two years old. He is a 
member of Newark Lodge, No. 21, B. P. O. E., and 
Oriental Lodge, No. 51, F. and A. M. He was a Demo- 
cratic candidate for Assembly in 1915. '16, '17, but was 
defeated. In 1918 he was elected by a plurality of 
4,597 over Davenport, high Republican, the vote being 
Freund, 30,739; Davenport, 26,142. 

HARRY A. AUGENBLICK. 

(Dem., Newark.) 

Mr. Augenblick was born in the city of New York on 
May 1st, 1888, and is the son of Jacob and Pauline 
Augenblick, and has been a resident of the city of 
Newark for the past twenty-five y^ars. He graduated 
from the public schools of the city of Newark in 1902 
and from the Newark High School in 1906. He is a 
graduate of Cornell University with the degree of 
Civil Engineer and of the New York University with 
the degrees of Bachelor of Laws and Doctor Juris. Im- 
mediately upon his graduation from Cornell Univer- 
sity he accepted a position as Assistant Engineer with 
the Public Service Commission of New York, and was 
engaged in the design and construction of a portion 
of the new subway system now in operation in the 
city of New York. He later resigned this position and 
became an instructor in the College of Engineering at 



BIOGRAPHIES. 289 

the University of Michigan for the year 1910-1911. 
After completing a year of teaching at the University 
of Michigan he accepted a position as construction 
engineer and was engaged in engineering work in 
England, the Caucasus and Siberia. After spending a 
year abroad he came back to the United States and 
became connected with the New York Central Rail- 
road as Assistant Engineer in the construction and 
design of the Grand Central Terminal and the various 
viaducts and bridges connected therewith. 

He was admitted to the New Jersey bar as an at- 
torney-at-law in 1915 and as counselor-at-law in 
1918, and is at the present time associated in the prac- 
tice of law with the former prosecutor of Essex county, 
Jacob L. Newman. He also occupies the position as 
Instructor in Mechanical Engineering at the Fawcett 
School of Industrial Arts of Newark, N, J. 

In 1915 he married Bertha Greenberger of Norwich, 
Connecticut, and has a daughter now two years of 
age. His wife died in January, 1917. 

He is active in a number of social organizations and 
is a member of the Lawyers' Club of Essex County, 
and of a number of engineering and legal societies. 

He was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 
4.577 over Davenport, high Republican, the vote being 
Augenblick, 30,719; Davenport, 26,142. 

CHARLES B. CASALE. 
(Dem., Newark.) 

Mr. Casale was l:orn in New York City January 9th. 
1867, and is a salesman; received his education in the 
public schools of New York from which he was 
graduated. He lived in New York for some years, and 
then with his family moved to Newark. He was ap- 
pointed Excise License Inspector January 1st, 1895. 
and held that office until December 31st, 1902. Later 
he was appointed under sheriff and served twelve years 
w'.ien he resigned. 

He was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 
4.497 over Davenport, high Republican, the vote being 
Casale, 30,639; Davenport, 26,142. 
19 



290 BIOGRAPHIES. 

JOSEPH SIEGI.EK. 
(Dem., Newark.) 

Mr. Sieg-ler was born in Newark, N. J., September 
6th, 1889, and is a lawyer. He is a graduate of the 
Morton street public school of the city of Newark; at- 
tended Newark High School, and entered the New York 
University Law School September, 1907, and was gradu- 
ated in June, 1909. He read law in the offices of Ed- 
ward I. Croll and Frederick Jay at Newark. He was 
admitted to the bar of New Jersey at the June term Su- 
preme Court, 1910, and as counselor three years later. 
He is a master in chancery. He was married to Edith 
R. Unterman, of Newark, on March 25th, 1913. He has 
practiced law continuously since his admission to the 
bar at Newark, having offices in the Essex Building. 

Mr. Siegler was elected to the Assembly by a plu- 
rality of 4,411 over Davenport, high Republican, the 
vote being Siegler, 30,553: Davenport, 26,142. 



Gloucester County. 

HORACE M. FOODER. 
(Rep., Williamstown.) 

Dr. Fooder was born on September 6th, 1884, in 
Philadelphia, Pa., and is a physician. He was educated 
in the Philadelphia public schools and attended the 
Philadelphia high school; began the study of medicine 
at Medico-Chirurgical College at Philadelphia, and 
graduated in 1908 from that institution. He is a mem- 
ber of the American Medical Association, Philadelphia 
Medical Club, Physicians' Motor Club of Camden, presi- 
dent of the Gloucester County Medical Society, and 
also a member of the Odd Fellows and Elks lodges. 

He was elected as the first Republican Freeholder 
from Monroe township in twenty-one years and in 
1916-17 was director of the board. He is chairman of 
the Board of Fire Commissioners of that township 
and physician to the Board of Health, 

The doctor was re-elected to the Assembly by a 
plurality of 2,052. over Beckett, Dem., the vote being 
4.540 to 2.488. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 291 

Last year he was Chairman of the Committee on 
Miscellaneous Business and a member of the Commit- 
tees on Municipal Corporations, Towns .and Town- 
ships, State Hospitals and Home for Feeble-Minded 
Women. 



HudNon County. 

HENRY J. GAEDE. 
(Dem., Hoboken.) 

Mr. Gaede was born at Jersey City June 25th, 1884, 
and is a lawyer. In 1893 he moved with his parents 
to a farm at Marlborough, New York, and was edu- 
cated at the Newburgh Academy, and entered the law 
school, New York University, receiving- his degree of 
LL.B. June, 1904. He then took a special course at 
law in Cornell University. He was admitted to the 
New Jersey bar in June, 1905, as an attorney, and in 
June, 1908, as a counselor. He was admitted to the 
New York bar in June, 1911, and is presently engaged 
in the practice of law in the city of Hoboken, being 
associated with his father, Henry A. Gaede, under the 
firm name of Gaede & Gaede. 

Mr. Gaede is a member of the Theta Lambda Phi 
Fraternity and of the Hoboken Lodge, No. 74, B. P. 
O. E. He was re-elected to the Assembly by a plurality 
of 19,754 over Mayberry, the highest Republican. The 
vote was: Gaede, 35,429; Mayberry, 15,675; Ind., 4,079; 
Soc, 3,816. 

Last year he was a member of the Committees on 
Riparian Rights, Towns and Townships, Passed Bills 
and State School for Colored Youth. 

JAMES J. McATEER. 
(Dem., Kearny.) 

Mr. McAteer was born in Ireland, November 6th, 
1873, and is a publisher and printer. He was council- 
man of the Town of Kearny, 1908 to 1914 — six years; 
w^as secretary to Speaker of the House of Assembly, 
Edward Kenny, in 1911, and to Speaker Leon R. Taylor, 
in 1913. Mr. McAteer is a member of the Knights of 
Columbus, Elks, A. O. H. and Printers' Pressmen's 
Union. 



292 BIOGRAPHIES. 

He was re-elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 
20,113 over Mayberry, high Republican. The vote was: 
McAteer, 35,788; Mayberry, 15,675. 

Last year he served on the Committees on Labor and 
Industries, Social Welfare, Deaf Mutes, Soldiers' Home 
and State Hospitals. 

ANDREW EDWARD NOLAN. 
(Dem., Jersey City.) 

Mr. Nolan, son of James S. Nolan, was born in Jer- 
sey City, December 31st, 1885, and is a lawyer. He 
attended St, Paul of the Cross School, and later was 
graduated from Eagan's School of Business, taking 
commercial and shorthand courses. He entered the 
New Jersey Law School, where he received the degree 
of LL.B., studied law in the office of Hamill & Cain, 
an-d was admitted to the bar in June, 1915. 

He was re-elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 
19,933 over Mayberry, high Republican, The vote 
being: Nolan, 35,608; Mayberry, 15,675. 

Last year he served on the Committees on Militia, 
Home for Feeble-Minded Women, Soldiers' Home and 
Reformatory for Women. 

GEORGE W. SNOW, JR. 
(Dem., Jersey City.) 

Mr. Snow, son of George W. and Mary Southard 
Snow, old New Jersey families, was born in Jersey 
City, N. J., August 11th, 1881, and is connected with the 
operating department of the Pennsylvania railroad. 
He was educated in the public schools of Jersey City 
and is a graduate of Jersey City Hig-i School and La 
Sa'lle School and has qualified as Traffic and Inter- 
state Commerce Manager, He is a member of the 
Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen and of Jersey City 
Lodge, 211, B. P. O. Elks. 

This is his second term as a member of the Assembly 
and he was appointed a member of the Juvenile Court 
and Domestic Relations Commission which was created 
by the last legislature. 

He was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 
19,907 over Mayberry, high Republican, the vote being 
35,582 to 15,675. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 293 

JAMES BOWEN. 

(Dem., Jersey City.) 

Mr. Bowen was born in Towanda Township, Pa., Au- 
gust 1st, 1883, and is a building and general contractor. 
He was elected to the Assembly by a plurality ^f 20,- 
075 over Mayberry, high Republican, the vote being 
35,750 to 15,675. 

JOHN J. COPPINGER. 
(Dem., Jersey City.) 

Mr. Coppinger was born in Jersey City December 
4th, 1874, and is a plumber. He was graduated from 
St. Peter's Parochial School, Jersey City, at the age of 
fifteen years, in June, 1889; served his apprenticeship 
with John W. Thompson, well-known plumber, and 
after five years worked for him as a journeyman. He 
started in business for himself upon the death of his 
employer, and has been a master plumber nineteen 
years. He has served as Treasurer of the Master 
Plumbers' Association three years and still holds that 
position. 

Mr. Coppinger was elected to the Assembly by a 
plurality of 20,090 over Mayberry, high Republican, 
the vote being 35,765 to 15,675. 

MICHAEL J. DONOVAN. 
(Dem., Bayonne.) 

Mr. Donovan was born in Bayonne, N. J., May 12th, 
1889, and is a general contractor. His education was 
obtained at St. Mary's School, Bayonne, and finished at 
St. Francis Xavier College, New York. He served as a 
member of the Board of Education for a three-year 
term — February 1st, 1914-1917. 

Last year he was elected to the Assembly, being the 
highest man on his ticket, by a plurality of 20,230 over 
Mayberry, high Republncan, the vote being Donovan, 
35,905; Mayberry, 15,675. 

WILLIAM M. SCHULTZ. 
(Dem., West Hoboken.) 

Mr. Schultz was born in Jersey City May 11th, 1869, 
and is in the real estate business with an experience 



294 BIOGRAPHIES. 

of twenty years. He was • educated in the public 
schools of New York City, and is a member of many 
fraternal and social orgarlizations. He was Commis- 
sioner of Assessment for the town of West Hoboken, 
X. J., from 1908 to 1914, and was elected to the As- 
sembly by a plurality of 19.591 over Mayberry, high 
Republican, the vote being- Schultz, 35,266; Mayberry, 
15,675. 

FRANCIS A. STANTON. 
(Dem., Hoboken.) 

.Mr. Stanton was born at Hoboken, N. J., January 
19th, 1888, and is a counselor-at-law. He was formerly 
a mechanical engineer. He never before held public 
office. He was graduated from Stevens Institute of 
Technology, with degree of Mechanical Engineer, in 
1907; pursued a law course at New York University; 
was admitted to the New York bar in 1911 and has 
specialized in patent cases. He was a Lieutenant, 
Field Artillery, in the United States Army, until June 
1st, 1918, when lie was retired because of physical disa- 
bilities. 

He was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 
19,736 over Mayberry, high Republican, the vote being 
Stanton, 35.411; Mayberry, 15,675. 

EDWARD JOSEPH SULLIVAN. 

(Dem., Jersey City.) 

Mr. Sullivan was born in Jersey City November 14th, 
1876, and is a truckman. He w^as a member of the 
Democratic County Committee for fifteen years and 
until the time he Was elected to t:ie Assembly — No- 
vember 5th, 1918. His plurality over Mayberry, high 
Republican, was 19,545, the vote being 35,220 to 15,675. 

ANDREW MURO. 

(Dem., Jersey City.) 

Mr. Muro was born in Nev.' York City December 
13th, 1885, and is a master plumber. He was elected 
to the Assembly by a plurality of 19,806 over May- 
berry, high Republican, the vote being Muro, 35,481: 
Mayberry, 15,675. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 



295 



T.OUIS SILVER. 

(l)em., Town of Union. Weehawken. P. O.) 

Mr. Silver was horn in New York City October 3cl, 
1871, and is in the real estate and insurance business. 
He was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 19,- 
448 over Mayberry, high Republican, the vote being- 
Silver, 35,123; Mayberry, 15,675. 



Hunterdon County; 

DAVID H. AGAXS. 
(Dem., Three Bridges.) 

Mr. Agans was born at Pleasant Run, N. J., Novem- 
ber 20th, 1868, and is a farmer, and was formerly a 
miller. He attended the public schools of Reading- 
ton township until ten years of age, and finished his 
education at Reading Academy, Flemington, N. J At 
the present time Mr. Agans is the owner of a 130-acre 
farm and is very much interested in agriculture. 

He served on the Board of Education of Reading- 
ton township for three years, and on the Board of 
Registry and Election four years. He has been a 
member of the Grange seventeen years, and a charter 
member of Riverside Grange, and became its first 
master, serving eight years. He was elected lecturer 
of New Jersey State Grange in 1904, serving ten years; 
was re-elected in 1916 and at the present time holds 
that office. 

Mr. Agans was re-elected to the Assembly by a 
plurality of 914 over Woodward, Rep. 

Last year he served on the Committees on Agricul- 
ture, Home for Feeble-Minded Women and Public 
Grounds and Buildings. 



Mercer County. 

JOHN E. GILL. 
(Rep., Trenton.) 

]\rr. Gill was born in Quincy, 111., June 19th, 1872. 
Before coming to Trenton he was engaged in both 



296 BIOGRAPHIES. 

business and educational work. He is now vice-presi- 
dent of the Rider-Moore & Stewart School of Accounts, 
Banking- and Secretarial Training. He is also a di- 
rector and one of the organizers of the Dural Rubber 
Company and the Mercer Mortgage Securities Com- 
pany. He is a member of a number of fraternal and 
benevolent organizations, a trustee of the Prospect 
Presbyterian Church, director of McKinley Hospital, 
ex-president and now chairman of the advisory board 
of the Trenton Chamber of Commerce, president of the 
City Rescue Mission, and of the Trenton League on 
Urban Conditions Among Negroes; former president 
of the Eastern Commercial Teachers' Association and 
the Eastern Gregg Shorthand Association. 

Mr. Gill was the first president of the Trenton Play- 
ground Association and also of the Trenton Junior 
City Baseball League, which was the largest of its 
kind in America under his administration. He was 
Republican candidate for mayor of Trenton in 1907, 
served as Assemblyman in the House of 1912; repre- 
sented the Fourth Congressional District as a delegate 
to the National Republican Convention of 1912; was 
appointed by Governor Fort in 1908 as trustee of the 
New Jersey State Home for Boys at Jamesburg, and 
was re-appointed by Governor Wilson, resigning from 
the board at the end of six years of service. 

Mr. Gill was elected to the House in 1917 by a plu- 
rality of 3,389 over his highest opponent on the Demo- 
cratic ticket, and again in 1918 by a plurality of 3,582 
over Smith, high Democrat, the vote being 11,317 to 
7,735. 

Last year he was Chairman of the Committees on 
Education and Stationery, and member of the Commit- 
tees on Appropriations, Boys' Home and Treasurer's 
Accounts. 

HERVEY STUDDIFORD MOORE. 

(Rep., Trenton.) 

Mr. Moore was born at Trenton, N. J., October 14th, 
1884, and is a counselor-at-law. He studied law with 
Robert H. McCarter, former Attorney-General of New 
Jersey, and former Mayor Frank S. Katzenbach, Jr., of 
Trenton, and also at the University of Pennsylvania 
and George Washington University. He served as As- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 297 

sistant Secretary to United States Senator Frank O. 
Briggs. In 1912 he was elected to the Assembly by a 
plurality of 752 over Geraghty, the second highest can- 
didate on the Democratic ticket, and in 1913 he was re- 
elected by the increased plurality of 1,970 over Travers, 
the highest candidate on the Democratic ticket. Each 
year he was the highest candidate on the ticket of 
his party. Both years in the Assembly he served on 
important committees and took an active part in legis- 
lation. In 1918 he was again elected to the Assembly 
by a plurality of 2,903 over Smith, high Democrat, the 
vote being 10,638 to 7,735. 

WILLIAM HARTWELL BLACKWELL. 
(Rep., Titusville.) 

Mr. Blackwell was born at Washington's Crossing, 
N. J., July 22d, 1882. The Blackwell homestead is now 
the property of the State, to be used for a park to com- 
memorate the crossing of the Delaware. He received 
his early education in the township schools and later 
attended the State Model School, Trenton, from which 
he graduated in 1901. Shortly after graduation he as- 
sumed management of the "Lowland" fruit farms, near 
Titusville, and is still engaged in growing fruit, spec- 
ializing in Bartlett pears. 

Mr. Blackwell has always been active in grange and 
agricultural work. He was President of the Mercer 
County Board of Agriculture for three years, during 
which time the Board was reorganized and placed in 
closer touch with the State body. He is Past Master 
of Titusville Grange, No. 163, a member of Mercer 
County Pomona Grange and of the New Jersey State 
Grange, President of the Pleasant Valley Vigilant So- 
ciety, a member of the New Jersey State Horticultural 
Society, the Sons of the Revolution, the Republican 
Club and Cyrus Lodge, No. 148, F. and A. M. 

Mr. Blackwell has never held political office before 
his election to the Assembly, which was by a plurality 
of 3,578 over John G. Smith, the highest Democrat, 
the vote being 11,313 to 7,735. 



298 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Middlesex County. 

ANDREW j; WIGHT. 
(Dem., Perth Amboy.) 

Mr. Wight was born at South Amboy, March 14th, 
1886, and is a lawyer. He was educated in the publi,c 
schools of that city; graduated from tne High School 
in 1904, and from Lafayette College, Easton, Pa., in 
1908. He taught in the Perth Amboy High School 
from 1909 to 1913, studying at the same time in the 
New Jersey Law School.. He was admitted to the bar, 
February term, 1913, and as counselor three years 
later. He served as City Attorney two years. He waa 
elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 68 over Ap- 
pleby, high Republican. A recount of part of the vote 
was made but did not change the original result. 

PRED W. DE VOE. 
(Dem., Milltown.) 

Mr. De Voe was born at Old Bridge, N. .1.. November 
15th, 1889, and is a lawyer practicing at New Bruns- 
wick. He was educated at a grammar school at Spots- 
wood; took a two years' course at Peddie Institute, at 
Hightstown, then three years' hard knocks as a re- 
porter on Middlesex county newspapers; next a two 
years' law course in the New York Law Scliool; passed 
the bar examination in 1915, when he hung out his 
shingle as a practitioner. 

His father is George W. De Voe, former borough 
clerk and postmaster at Spotswood; his grandfather, 
George W. De Voe, founder and president, until his 
death, of Peoples National Bank, New Brunswick; and 
his maternal grandfather is Herbert Appleby, former 
postmaster of Old Bridge. Young Mr. De Voe has been 
actively engaged as a war worker; has been captain 
of fourteen war drives, Chairman of 1917 Red Cross 
membership drive and of the second Red Cross war 
fund drive for Milltown. He is attorney for t'ae Mill- 
town Building and Loan Association and the First 
National Bank of Milltown. He was elected to tlie 
Assembly (his first public office) by a plurality of 187 
over Appleby, high Republican, the vote being 8,182 
to 7,995. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 299 

ANDREW KIRKPATRICK. 
(Dem., Hig-hland Park.) 

Mr. Kirkpatrick was born in New Brunswick in 
1887, educated at Rutgers Preparatory School and at 
Coleman's National Business College at Newark. He 
served an apprenticeship with his father, the late J. 
Bayard Kirkpatrick, in the real estate and insurance 
business, and upon his father's death, the business was 
incorporated under the name of the J. B. Kirkpatrick 
Company, with Andrew Kirkpatrick as Secretary and 
Treasurer, filling the position of agent in charge. 

Mr. Kirkpatrick is prominent in building loan circles 
and has taken an active part in movements for the 
promotion of the war. 

He was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 
321 over Appleby, high Republican, the vote being 
8,316 to 7,995. 

Hlonmonth County. 

THOMAS LLOYD LEWIS. 
(Rep., Asbury Park.) 

Mr. Lewis was born in New York, N. Y., November 
30th, 1888. He is interested in the work of the Anti- 
Saloon League of New Jersey. For several years he 
was connected with Foster and Adams, New York 
stock brokers, and the Asbury Park and Ocean Grove 
Bank, Asbury Park. He is a member of St. Paul's M. 
E. Church, Ocean Grove; Asbury Lodge, 142, F. & A. 
M.; Goodwin Chapter, 36, R. A. M. ; Tall Cedars of 
Lebanon, and Company D, New Jersey State Militia. 

In 1917 he was elected to the Assembly by a plurality 
of 985, although Monmouth coynty then elected a 
Democratic Senator, Sheriff, Surrogate and Freeholder. 

In 1918 he was re-elected by a plurality of 801 over 
Pearce, high Democrat. 

Mr. Lewis waived deferred classification and enlisted 
in the army as a. private, September 9th, 1918. and was 
sent to Camp Lee, Va., to the Central Officers' Train- 
ing School. While there he was nominated for the As- 
sembly, but was unable to take any part in the cam- 
paign. Peace being' declared he was honorably dis- 



300 BIOGRAPHIES. 

charged from the service. Last year he served as 
Chairman of the Committee on Banking and Insur- 
ance and member of the Committees on Militia and 
School for Deaf Mutes. 

DALLAS GREY YOUNG. 
(Rep., Keyport.) 

Mr. Young was born in Elizabeth, X. J.. March 21st, 
1878, and is a contractor, having been formerly by 
occupation, a carpenter. He has held local office in 
the borough of Keyport. He was sergeant of Com- 
pany G, Third New Jersey Volunteer Infantry, in the 
Spanish War, 1898. He was re-elected to the Assembly 
by a plurality of 359 over Pearce. high Democrat, 



3Iorris County. 

GEORGE W. DOWNS. 
(Rep., Madison.) 

Mr. Downs was born at Hackettstown, N. J., Octo- 
ber 14th, 1855, and is engaged in the paper board busi- 
ness. He received his education in the public schools 
of Hackettstown. He served as Councilman for the 
borough of Madison from September, 1904, to May, 
1910, when he was elected Mayor to fill the vacancj^ 
caused by the death of Mayor Anderson. He was again 
elected in 1911 for a two-year term, covering the j'ears 
1912-13. His services as Councilman and Mayor to- 
gether covered a period of nearly ten years. It was 
largely through his efCorts that the Board of Public 
Improvement was organized in Madison in February, 
1912, and the Mayors' Society of Morris County in Feb- 
ruary, 1913. He was elected President of that society. 
He is a member of Madison Lodge, No. 93, F. and A. 
M., the Madison Golf Club and Board of Public Im- 
provement. 

He has already served three years — 1914-15-16 — as 
an Assemblyman, and in 1918 he was again elected and 
by a plurality of 2,307 over Fancher, high Democrat, 
the vote being 6,306 to 3,999. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 301 

DAVID YOUNG. 
(Rep., Towaco.) 

Mr. Young- was born in Scotland, May 6th, 1849. He 
is a surveyor by profession and many years ago was a 
member of the firm of Van Duyn & Young. 

He was a member of the Assembly from Essex 
county in 1882 and 1883, when he made a brilliant 
record as a debater and parliamentarian. In 1881 his 
partner, Harrison Van Duyn, was Speaker, and in 1882 
John T. Dunn, of Union, filled that office. 

Mr. Young was a member of the Newark Common 
Council from 1876 to 1882, inclusive, and was President 
the last four years. He practiced surveying twenty- 
nine years; was surveyor for the town of Harrison 
and surveyor for Kearny township nearly twenty-five 
years. He was Vice-President and General Manager 
of the North Jersey Street Railway and President and 
General Manager of the Jersey City, Hoboken and 
Paterson Street Railway, and was trolley expert for 
Brown Brothers, New York, six years. Some years 
ago he became a farmer at his present location in 
Morris county. 

Last November he was elected to the Assembly by a 
plurality of 1,927 over Fancher, high Democrat, the 
vote being 5,926 to 3,999. 



Ocean County. 

HARRY T. HAGAMAN. 
(Rep., Lakewood.) 

Mr. Hagaman was born at Toms River, N. J., June 
2d, 1869, and is an editor and publisher. He is son 
of ex-sheriff John Hagaman, of Toms River; has al- 
ways been a Republican, and is a member of a number 
of secret societies. He was Secretary of the Ocean 
County Tax Board for four years. Mr. Hagaman is a 
director of the Lakewood Trust Company, the largest 
financial institution in Ocean county. This is his third 



302 BIOGRAPHIES. 

year in the Assembly, and last year he was re-elected 
without Democratic opposition. In 1918 he was Chair- 
man of the Committee on Labor and Industries and 
member of the Committees on Stationery, Taxation, 
Towns and Townships and State Library. 



Pa.s.saic County. 

HENRY G. HERSHFIELD. 
(Rep., Pompton Lakes.) 

Mr. Hershfield w^as born in 1876, in St. Louis, Mo., 
and is the son of Lewis Harris Hershfield, a pioneer 
of Montana, and a grandson of Harris Hershfield, one 
of the early settlers of Kansas. He was educated in 
the public schools in Helena, Montana, and at Col- 
umbia University, New York City, taking- the Aca- 
demic and Legal courses. At the outbreak of the 
Spanish War, he entered the government service, 
being detailed for duty to the Indian Reservations, 
resigning in 1900 to take up newspaper work on the 
New York Morning Journal. He is now in the fire 
insurance business, representing several companies 
for northern New Jersey, with offices in New York 
City and Pompton Lakes. 

In 1914 he was appointed foreman of the first 
chancellor-drawn grand jury for Passaic county and 
in 1916 was elected a delegate to the Republican 
Convention in Chicago, representing the 7th Congres- 
sional district. 

He is now serving his fourth consecutive term as 
mayor of the borough of Pompton Lakes, being each 
time the nominee of both the Republican and Demo- 
cratic parties. 

Largely through his efforts the borough built and 
operated one of the few successful municipally owned 
water and electric light plants, which has proven to 
be a signal success. He was an organizer of the 1st 
National Bank of Pompton Lakes, also the Pompton 
Lakes Building and Loan Association, and is a di- 
rector in both of those institutions as well as in 
several insurance and real estate companies. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 303 

He belongs to the Masons, Odd Fellows, Mechanics, 
the Theta Delta Chi fraternity, the Graduate Club of 
New York City, and the Old Guard Veteran Battalion 
of New York State. 

Mr. Hershfield was re-elected to a third term by a 
plurality of 5,871 over Kennedy, high Democrat, the 
vote being- 13,529 to 7,658. 

Last year he was Cliairman of the Committee on- 
Game and Fisheries, and member of the Committees on 
Taxation and School for Colored Youth. 

FREDERICK J. TATTERSALL. 
(Rep., Paterson.) 

]\Ir. Tattersall was born in Paterson, December 24th, 
1869, and has lived in that city all his life. He at- 
tended the public schools of Paterson and is a grad- 
uate of the Paterson High School. He learned the 
plumbing trade and engaged in it for twenty years, 
but is now acting- as sales manager with the John S. 
Norton Company of Jersey City and Paterson. Mr. 
Tattersall is a member of the Master Plumbers' As- 
sociation, Benevolent Lodge No. 45, F. & A. M., and 
Fabiola Lodge No. 57, K. of P. He has always been 
an ardent Republican and a hard worker for the 
party, although he never held office before his election 
to the Assembly. 

He was given a third term at the last election by a 
plurality of 6,016 over Kennedy, high Democrat, the 
vote being 13,674 to 7,658. 

Last year he was Chairman of the Committee on 
Elections and member of the Committees on Banking 
and Insurance, Labor and Industries and Reformatory 
for Women. 

THOMAS FOXHALL, JR. 

(Rep., Passaic.) 

INIr. Foxhall was born in Lowell, Mass., December 
21st, 1884, and is secretary and treasurer of the Pas- 
saic Ribbon and Printing Company. He has resided 
in Passaic since 1891, and was graduated from the 
Passaic schools. After finishing his law course he 
became connected with his father in the business of 



304 BIOGRAPHIES. 

engraving- copper rollers for textile printers. Seeing 
the possibilities that would result if narrow fabric 
such as ribbons, &c., were handled as such, he designed 
machinery and founded the Passaic Ribbon Printing 
Company, of which he now holds the position above 
mentioned. 

Mr. Poxhall is Past Exalted Ruler of Passaic Lodge 
of Elks, member of many clubs and exempt member 
of the old Volunteer Fire Department of Passaic. 

He was re-elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 
6,418 over Kennedy, high Democrat, the vote being 
14,076 to 7,658. 

Last year he was Chairman of the Committee on 
Feeble-Minded Children and member of the Commit- 
tees on Highways and Miscellaneous Business. 

WILLIAM R. ROGERS. 
(Rep., Paterson.) 

Mr. Rogers was born at Paterson, N. J., in 1881, and 
is a lawyer. He was an alderman of the city of Pat- 
erson, 1911-1912. He was re-elected to the Assembly by 
6,225 over Kennedy, high Democrat, the vote being 
13,983 to 7,658. 

Last year he was Chairman of the Committee on 
Public Grounds and Buildings and member of the Com- 
mittees on Boroughs and Borough Commissions and 
Corporations. 

WILLIAM WADSWORTH EVANS. 
(Rep., Paterson.) 

Mr. Evans was born at Paterson, N. J., October 5th, 
1887, and was educated in the public schools of that 
city and was graduated from the Paterson Higli School 
in 1905, and the New York Law School in 1908. He was 
admitted to practice law in New York State in March, 
1909, and in New Jersey in Noveinber, 1911. He was 
Assistant Journal Clerk of the Senate in 1911, and Sec- 
retary to Speaker Thomas F. McCran in 1912. He was 
elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 6,046 over 
Kennedy, high Democrat, the vote being 13,704 to 7,658. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 305 

Salem County. 

CHARLES B. ROBINSON, SR. 
(Rep., Salem.) 

Mr. Robinson was born in Mannington township, 
Salem county, July 12th, 1858, and is a foreman at Du- 
pont's works, Pennsgrove, N. J. He was an inspector 
of the State Board of Health, at Trenton, from August, 
1908, to December 31st, 1915. He served three years as 
constable in Mannington township and for a like pe- 
riod in Pilesgrove township, Salem county; and as 
member of the Board of Education of the latter place 
for six years. 

Mr. Robinson was re-elected to the Assembly by a 
plurality of 1,310' over Spiegel, Dem. 

Last year he was Chairman of the Committee on 
Ways and Means and member of tlie Committees on 
Elections, Federal Relations and Public Grounds and 
Buildings. 



Somerset County. 

JOHN S. AMERMAN. 
(Rep., Neshanic Station.) 

Mr. Amerman was born at Neshanic, January 9th, 
1862, and is" a lumber, hay, coal and g-rain dealer. He 
was a farmer until January 1st, 1896. He stands for 
clean politics, square dealing and efficient economy, 
and is against government control in any private or 
public business. This is his third year as an Assem- 
blyman. He was re-elected by a plurality of 321 over 
Maxwell, Democrat. 

Last year he was Chairman of the Committees on 
Unfinished Business and School for Deaf Mutes and 
member of the Committees on Federal Relations and 
Game and Fisheries. 



Sussex County. 

HAROLD MABEE SIMPSON. 
(Dem., Sussex.) 
:\Ir. Simpson was born at McAfee, Sussex county, 
X. J., December 27th, 1886, and is a lawyer. He is a 
20 



3 06 BIOGRAPHIES. 

son of Ora C. Simpson, who was county clerk of Sussex 
county for three terms, and great grandson of Ben- 
jamin Hamilton and Nathan Smith, first two senators 
from Sussex county under the new constitution. 

He attended the public schools in Newton, N. J., and 
completed preliminary education in the sa«ie place 
at the English and Classical School, and studied law 
in the office of Theodore Simonson, former prosecutor 
of the pleas, and member of State Tax Board, and was 
admitted to the bar February term, i913. Attended 
Princeton and Lehig-h Universities, is member of Phi 
Delta Theta Fraternity and President of class at 
Lehigh JJni versify ; Is also member Benevolent and 
Protective Order of Elks, Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, Order of Owls and other fraternal orders and 
societies. Inheritance Tax Supervisor for Sussex 
county, 1914-1916; Counsel for Boroug'h of Sussex, 
1913-1915, and Counsel for Township of Wantage, 1913- 
1918. 

Mr. Simpson was elected to the Assembly by a plu- 
rality of 231 over Crisman, Rep., the vote being" 2,328 
to 2,097. 



I'nion County. 

CHARLES LINSCOTT MORGAN. 
(Rep., Elizabeth.) 
Mr. Morgan was born in Elizabetli thirty-nine years 
ago. He is a counselor-at-law. First elected to the 
Assembly in 1914, he has been returned to that body 
in 1915, 1916, 1917 and 1918. He has served as Chair- 
man on many of the important committees of the 
House. His bills on Social Hyg'iene are now lav>s and 
are of great importance in conserving- public health. 
As a member of the Civil Service Investigation Com- 
mission there were prepared and Mr. Morgan intro- 
duced and passed several bills strengthening the Merit 
System and reorganizing the Civil Service Commis- 
sion. He was re-elected in 1918 by a plurality of 3,982 
over Senger, high Democrat. 

ARTHUR N. PIERSON. 
(Rep., Westfield.) 
Mr. Pierson was born at Westfield, N. J., June 23d, 
1867, and is in the wholesale sewer pipe and clay 



BIOGRAPHIES. 307 

products business, with offices in New York City. 
He was educated in the public school, Pingry Academy, 
and John Leal's Academy. He is president of the 
Westtield Board of Trade and of the Westfield Town 
Plan and Art Commission. Mr. Pierson has always 
voted the Republican ticket. 

In 1914 he was elected to the Assembly by a plu- 
rality of 2,696; in 1915 by 4.019; in 1916 by 7,162: in 
1917 by 5,241, and in 1918 by 3.720. 

Mr. Pierson served as Chairman of tho Commission 
for the Survey of Municipal Financing- for four years; 
was the author of the Municipal Finance Laws of 
1917 and 1918, and the Tax and Tax Sale Acts of 1918. 
He is Chairman of the Pension and Retirement Fund 
Commission for the Revision of the Pension Laws of 
the State. 

Among- the important laws of which he was tlie 
author are the Pierson Budget Act, the Pierson Bond 
Act, the Pierson Sinking Fund Act, the Tax Act (Re- 
vision of 1918) and the Tax Sale Act (Revision of 1918) 
and the Physical Training Law of 1917. 

Mr. Pierson was the majority leader in t.ie session of 
1918, which lasted only eight w^eeks, being the shortest 
since the year 1847, and his skillful leadership was 
largely instrumental in bringing about that record- 
breaking event in that period of legislation. He 
served as Chairman of the Committee on Judiciary. 

ARTHUR EDWARD WARNER. 
(Rep., Elizabeth.) 

Mr. Warner was born in East Providence, R. I., May 
15th, 1878, and is secretary-treasurer of Perth Amboy 
Printing Company, and was formerly an editor and 
newspaper writer. He has resided in Elizabeth for the 
last eleven years. 

After graduating from the high school of his native 
town he engaged in newspaper work in Providence. 
By newspaper w^riting and school teaching, he paid 
his way through Dartmouth College, graduating in 
1904 with the degree of Bachelor of Science. Follow- 
ing his graduation he was vice principal and instruc- 
tor in science and mathematics at the Newport, Vt., 
Academy — 1904-05. He was editor of the Lawrence, 
Mass., Telegram, city editor Bridgeport, Conn., Tele- 



208 BIOGRAPHIES. 

gram, acting' editor Hartford, Conn., Post, and for 
several years a member of the editorial staff of the 
Newark Evening Star. He assisted in organizing the 
Perth Amboy Printing Companj', a corporation that 
succeeded the commercial department of the Perth 
Amboy Evening News. 

Mr. Warner has taken a prominent part in Union 
county affairs for some years back, but held no public 
ofHce until his election to the Assembly in 1917. Last 
year he was a member of the Committees on Municipal 
Corporations, Bill Revision and Ways and Means, and 
Chairman of the Committee on State Library, and was 
appointed Chairman of the Assembly Commission to 
investigate juvenile courts and domestic relation laws. 

He was re-elected to the Assembly by a plurality 
of 3.978 over Senger, high Democrat. 



W'arren County. 

THOMAS ALDEN SHIELDS. 
(Dem., Hackettstown.) 

Mr. Shields was born at Hackettstown, N. J., Sep- 
tember 22d, 1885, and is Secretary and Treasurer of 
Shields-Chamberlain Company, a corporation engaged 
in handling coal and building material and pedigreed 
seed grain and breeders of registered Tamworth swine. 

He is a graduate of Lafayette College, 1906, with the 
degree of C.E., and served with the Engineering De- 
partment of the Pennsylvania railroad at Renovo, Pa., 
one year. He made a study of agricultural chemistry 
and bacteriology and is a member of the Board of Di- 
rectors of the New Jersey Lumbermen's Association. 

Mr. Shields was elected to the Assembly by a plu- 
rality of 954 over Lockwood, Rep. 

Siiinmary. 

House — Republicans .... .30 Democrats 30 — 60 

Senate — Republicans .... 14 Democrats 6 = 20 

Senate — Vacancy 1 1 

45 38 81 

Republican majority on joint ballot, 8. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 3(1S 



THE JUDICIARY. 



UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT. 

JOHN RELLSTAB. Trenton. 

Judge Rellstab, who was born in Trenton, N. J., 
September 19, 1858, is a son of Jolin and Theresa 
(Schaidnagel) Rellstab, the former a native of Switzer- 
land and the latter of Bavaria. He obtained his edu- 
cation in the parish school of the Trinity Evangelical 
Lutheran Church and the public schools of the city of 
Trenton. Before he was fourteen years of age he 
began to learn the pottery trade. During the latter 
part of his apprenticeship he began the study of law 
at night, having entered his name with the late Levi 
T. Hannum. In order to complete his law studies he 
left the trade of potter after becoming a journeyman 
and took a clerical position in the office of the New 
Jersey Pottery Company, later taking charge of the 
company's salesrooms in New York City and sub- 
sequently becoming salesman on the western and 
southern routes for the same firm. At a later period 
he served in the capacity of commercial traveler for 
the East Trenton pottery. Having chosen law as his 
profession, he kept steadily on with that one end in 
view and was finally admitted to the bar at the No- 
vember term, 1882, and as a counselor at the Novem- 
ber term, 1889. At one time he was a partner of the 
late Judge James Buchanan. He served in the capa- 
city of solicitor for the borough of Chambersburg from 
1884 to 1888. and for the city of Trenton from 1889 to 
1892, and from 1894 to 1896. In the last-named year 
he was made Judge of the District Court for the city 
of Trenton, serving until 1900, when he was made 
Judge of Mercer county. He was reappointed to the 
latter office in 1905. In politics Judge Rellstab is a 
staunch supporter of Republican principles. In re- 
ligious faith he adheres to that of the Presbyterian 
Church, in which he is a ruling elder and teacher of 
the men's Bible class. He is one of the directors of 
the Young Men's Christian Association, the chairman 
of the Committee on Foreign Work of the same so- 
ciety, the chairman of the Advisory Board of the 



310 BIOGRAPHIES, 

Florence Crittendon Mission, and a member of the 
Board of Managers of the New Jersey Children's Home 
Society. He was appointed United States District 
Judge on May G. 1909, and was confirmed on May 18. 
He was succeeded by Frederick W. Gnichtel as Judge 
of the Mercer County Court. 

His salary is $6,000 a year and his oflice is a life 
tenure. 

THOMAS G. HAIGHT, Jersey City. 

Judge Haight was born at Colts Neck, near Free- 
hold, New Jersey, August 4th, 1879, and is a son of 
John T. and Mary (Drummond) Haight, 

He obtained his education at the Freehold Military 
Institute and Princeton University. He attended the 
New York Law School, from which he was graduated 
in 1900, with a degree of LL.B., and also served a 
clerkship in the office of Edmund Wilson, formerly 
attorney-general of New Jersey. He was admitted 
to the New Jersey bar as an attorney in November, 
1900, and as counselor in February, 1904. He began 
the practice of law in Jersey City as managing clerk 
for Queen & Tennant, with which firm he continued 
until its dissolution in January, 1905, when he formed 
a partnership with the junior member, George G. 
Tennant. This partnership continued until Mr, Ten- 
nant was appointed judge of the Hudson County 
Common Pleas Court by Governor Wilson, in 1913. 
In 1911 he was appointed assistant city attorney of 
Jersey City by Mayor Wittpenn, and continued as 
such until he resigned in March, 1913, to become 
county counsel of Hudson county, which latter po- 
sition he held until his appointment to the Federal 
bench. In February, 1914, he was appointed United 
States District Judge for the District of New Jersey 
by President Wilson. 

In politics, Judge Haight has always been a Demo- 
crat, and until his appointment to the bench was 
active in the' independent branch of that party in 
Hudson county. He was a delegate to the Balti- 
more convention, from the twelfth New Jersey Con- 
gressional District, and worked diligently foj the 
nomination of Governor Wilson for the Presidency. 

In 1905. Judge Haight married Annie M. Crater, 
daughter of the late David- S. Crater, who was sec- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 311 

retary of State of New Jersej'. He is a nephew of 
the late General Charles Haight, for many years prose- 
cutor of Monmouth county. 

J. WARREN DAVIS. Salem. 

Judge Davis was born in Elizabeth Citj', N. C, March 
4th, 1867, and spent his boyhood days at that place 
and at Norfolk, Va., where his father, John Smithson 
Davis, moved when the District Attorney was a boy. 
He received his early education at Elizabeth City and 
Norfolk in the public schools. He prepared for college 
at Chester Academy, Chester, Pa., and graduiated 
valedictorian of his class in 1892. He graduated from 
Bucknell University in 1896, from Crozer Theological 
Seminary in 1899, at both of which places he was one 
of the commencement speakers. Upon his graduation 
at Crozer he was elected instructor in Hebrew and 
Greek. He pursued past graduate studies in history 
and pliilosophy at the University of Chicago in 1901, 
and at the University of Leipsic, Germany, in 1902 and 
1903, during which time he took lectures at the Uni- 
versities of Berlin and Halle. He returned to America 
and entered the Law School of the University of Perm- 
sylvania in 1904, and graduated in 1906. since which 
time he lias practiced law with his brother, James 
Mercer Davis, of IMount Holly, N. J., under the firm 
name of Davis & Davis, with their principal office in 
the Security Trust Building, Camden, N. J. He is a 
member of tlie bar of New Jersey and Pennsylvania, 
and of the State bar associations of both States. 

He has the degrees of A.B., A.M., B.D. and B.L. 

He was one of tlie charter members of the Kappa 
Sigma fraternity in college, and was a member of the 
Supreme Executive Committee, the executive of the 
fraternity-at-large for two years, being Worthy Grand 
Master of Ceremonies, having charge of tlie secret 
work of the fraternity. He was District Grand Master 
of the Second District, extending from Connecticut to 
Virginia, for two years. He is a member of the fol- 
lowing fraternal organizations: INIasons, Odd Fellows, 
Red Men, Mechanics, P. O. S. of A., Grange, Knights of 
Pythias, Doyal Order of Moose, Tall Cedars and Eagles. 

In 1911 he was elected to the Senate of New Jersey 
from Salem county by a plurality of 732 over T\^illiam 



312 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Plummer, Jr., his predecessor in office. Mr, Davis 
served as Senator until June 4th, 1913, when he was 
appointed District Attorney for the State of New 
Jersey. He filled that office until May- 29th, 1916, when 
he qualified as a Judge of the U. S. District Court 
for New Jersey. 



COURT OP CHANCEUY. 

Chancellor. 

EDWIN ROBERT WALKER, Trenton. 
(Term seven years, salary $13,000 per annum.) 

Chancellor Walker was born in Rochester, New 
York, September 13th, 1862, where his father, Dr 
Walter Walker, practiced medicine and surgery, but 
since 1869 he has lived in Trenton, the home of his 
maternal ancestors, two of whom were officers in the 
American army during- the Revolutionary war, and 
one of whom was State Treasurer of New Jersey. 

Mr. Walker went to the Model School until 1878, 
when he left to become clerk In the office of the late 
Hon. Henry S. Little, then Clerk in Chancery. While 
serving a clerkship in the Chancery office he studied 
law with the late Col. S. Meredith Dickinson and 
afterwards with Judge Garret D. W. Vroom. He w.is 
admitted to the bar at the June term of the Supreme 
Court. 1886, and at once thereafter commenced the 
practice of his profession, in which he was actively 
engaged until appointed to the bench.. In 1891-92 
Mr. Walker was counsel for the Board jf Chosen 
Freeholders of the county of Mercer, and In 1892-93 
was city counsel for the corporation of Trenton. Mr. 
Walker was Judge-Advocate of the Second Regiment, 
N. G. N. J., with the rank of Captain In 1906, and In 
1907 was made Judge-Advocate of the Second Bri- 
gade with the rank of Major. lie was appointed 
Vice-Chancellor by Chancellor Ma.erie on October 29. 
1907, for a full term of seven years, to succeed Vice- 
Chancellor Bergen, who resigned to become a Justice 
of the Supreme Court. On March 18th, 1912. Governor 
Wilson nominated Mr. Walker for the office of Chan- 
cellor to fill a vacancy caused by the resignation of 



BIOGRAPHIES. 313 

Chancellor Mahlon Pitney, and he was promptly con- 
firmed by the Senate. 

The Chancellor is a Democrat in politics. His term 
expires March 18th, 1919. 



VIce-Chancellors. 

(Term seven j-ears, salary $12,000 a year.) 

FREDERIC W. STEVENS, Morristown. 

Vice-Chancellor Stevens was born in Hoboken, N. J.. 
June 9th, 1846. He was graduated from Columbia Law 
College in 1865; was admitted to the bar of New Jersey as 
an attorney in November, 1868. and as a counselor three 
years later. He first came into public life in 1873, when he 
was appointed Judge of the Second District Court of New- 
ark. He remained In that position for two years. In 1889 
the Judge was appointed County Counsel of Essex county, 
and filled that office for some years. Although he has nut 
held any other public offices. Mr. Stevens has always been 
a prominent figure in somp of the biegest leeral fierhts ever 
made in the State and County Courts. One of those was 
the settlement of the back taxes of the Delaware. Lacka- 
wanna and Western Railroad Company. In that case he 
and Judge Dillon acted as arbitrators. He Is a member 
of the Eo<^lesiastical Law Committee of the Protestant 
Episcopal Diocese of Newark, and, v/ith the late Cort- 
landt Parker, revised all of the canons governing 
that body. He was appointed Vice-Chancellor in 1896. 
as a successor to John T. Bird. In 1903 he was ap- 
pointed for anotaer term, and again in 1910 and 1917 
In politics he is a Deinocrat. His term will expire 
April 4th, 1924. 

EUGENE STEVENSON, Paterson. 
Vice-Chancellor Stevenson was born in Brooklyn, N. Y., 
June 28, 1849. He moved to Paterson with his parents in 
1866, and has since resided there. He was graduated from 
Ihe New York University as a Bachelor of Arts in th,e 
class of 1870, and was also graduated from the Law De- 
partment of the same institution. Subsequently he en- 
tered the law oflEice of Socrates Tuttle, father-in-law of 
the late Vice-President Hobart, where he continued his 
studies. In June, 1874, Mr. Stevenson was admitted to the 
bar as an attorney-at-law, and three years later was 



314 BIOGRAPHIES. 

made a counsellor. In 1881 he was appointed a Prosecutor 
of the Pleas for Passaic county by Governor Ludlow. He 
served a full term of five years in that office. He did not 
seek a reappointment. Since that time he has never held 
a public office, although he has often been sought as a 
candidate for such. Prior to his elevation to the bench he 
enjoyed a very large practice in the higher courts of the 
State. He was appointed Vice-Chancellor on April 16, 1901, 
for a full term of seven years. He was reappointed in 
1908 and again in 1915. In politics he is a Democrat. 
His term will expire in 1922. 

EDMUND B. LEAMING, Camden. 

Vice-Chancellor Learning, who was born at Seaville"^ 
Cape May county, N. J., sixty years ago, is the son 
of ex-Senator and Dr. Jonathan F. Learning and a 
brother of Dr. "^'^alter S. Learning, now deceased, who 
also served as Senator from Cape May. The Vice- 
Chancellor was, with his brother, educated under a 
private tutor, and subsequently as a post graduate 
in the University, of Pennsylvania, and thereafter 
studied law v/ith the late Judge and former Con- 
gressman James Buchanan in Trenton. United 
States Judge William M. Lanning, Congressman 
Ira Wood, Prosecutor of the Pleas Eugene Emley, Alfred 
L. Black. Samuel W. Beldon and Samuel Walker, Jr.. 
were law students in Trenton at the same time and pre- 
pared for the bar with Vice-Chancellor Leannng. He was 
admitted to the bar as an attorney in P'ebruary. 1881, and 
as a counselor in February, 1884. From Trenton he went 
to Seattle, and then lo San Francisco, where he practiced 
his profession for a brief period. Upon his return to New 
Jersey he formed a co-partnership with Samuel W. Bel- 
don, Upon its dissolution by the appointment of Mr. Bel- 
don as general counsel of the Fidelity Trust Compony, at 
Newark, N. J., he practiced by himself In Camden and 
until he was appointed Vice-Chancellor by Chancellor 
Magle on September 21, 1906, to fill a vacancy caused by 
the death of Martin P. Grey. In 1913 he was appointed 
for another term by Chancellor Walker. In politics he 
is a Republican. His term will expire in 1920. 

VIVIAN M. LEWIS, Paterson. 

Vice-Chancellor Lewis was born at Paterson, N. J., 
June 8th, 1869. Prior to his admission to the bar he 



BIOGRAPHIES. 315 

was engaged as correspondent of several New York 
newspapers. He was appointed judge-advocate of 
the old Second Regiment, National Guard, in July, 
189G, and served until the reorganization in 1899, 
when he was placed on the retired list with the rank 
of captain. He was elected' to the Assembly In 
1898, 1899 and 1900. and was leader of the Republi- 
can majority on the floor of the House during his 
last term. He was for many years one of the counsel 
of the State Board of Plealth. He was elected City 
Counsel of Paterson In 1904 for a full term of ofTice, 
but resigned upon his appointment by Governor Mur- 
phy as Clerk in Chancery, to fill the vacancy caus*»d 
by the resignation of Edward C. Stokes, who was 
elected Governor. He was nominated for a full term 
of ofl^ce in 1905, by Governor Stokes, and was con- 
firmed by the Senate. He served in that office until 
April, 1909, when he was appointed Commissioner of 
Banking and Insurance, which office he held until 
April 3d. 1912, when he was appointed a Vice-Chan- 
ccllor by Chancellor Walker. He was the Republican 
candidate for Governor in 1910. His term will expire 
in 1919. 

JOHN H. BACKES, Trenton. 

Vice-chancellor Backes was born in Trenton, N, J., 
August 18th, 1863. He was admitted to the bar as an 
attorney at the November term, 1884, and in February, 
1888, he was licensed as a counsellor. He has always 
practiced his profession in Trenton. In politics he^'is a 
Democrat. 

Mr. Backes was appointed a Vice-Chancellor by 
Chancellor Walker on February 22d. 1913. for a term 
of seven years, at a salary of $12,000 per annum, 

JOHN GRIFFIN, Jersey City. 
Vice-Chancellor Griffin was born in Jersey City. 
June 26th, 1858. He was educated in the public schools 
and at an early age entered the law offices ^of Bedle, 
Muirheid & McGee as a student. He was admitted to 
the bar as an attorney in June, 1881, and as a coun- 
sellor three years later. At one time he was a partner 
of James A. Romeyn, and subsequently became a junior 
partner in the old firm headed by the late Governor 
Bedle. He specialized in admiralty law, of which he 
became a recognized authority. He has had an exten- 



31& BIOGRAPHIES. 

sive practice in all the higher courts of the State and 
in the Supreme Court of the United States. Much of 
the municipal la^^-s of the State have been framed by 
him, and for seventeen years he has been counsel to 
tlie Board of Freeholders of Hudson county. 

Mr. Griffin was appointed a Vice-Chancellor by Chan- 
cellor Walker, March 20th, 1913, for a term of seven 
years. His salary is $12,000 per annum. In politics he 
is a Democrat. 

JOHN E. FOSTER, Atlantic Highlands. 

Vice-Chancellor Foster was born in New York City, 
September 22d, 1864, and moved to Monmouth county, 
in this State, in 1879. He graduated from the Law 
School of Columbia College in 1886, and was admitted 
to the bar as an attorney at the November term, 
1886, and as a counsellor thr.ee years later. 

In 1900 he was appointed Prosecutor of the Pleas 
for Monmouth County and held that position until 
1904, when he was appointed Law Judge of that 
county; he held the position of Law Judge by re- 
appointments for eleven years and until he resigned 
in 1915. 

He was appointed a Vice-Chancellor by Chancellor 
Walker on January 15th, 1916, for a full term. In 
politics he is a Republican. 

MERRITT LANE, Jersey City. 

Vice-Chancellor Lane was born in Jersey City, 
January 2d, 1881. After graduation from the High 
School he attended the New York Law School. He 
was admitted to the bar at the February term of the 
Supreme Court in 1902, and received a counsellor's 
degree at the corresponding term, three years later. 

Although the Vice-Chancellor has neved held public 
office he has represented nearly every municipality in 
Hudson county as special counsel in important liti- 
gations during the past decade. He figured particu- 
larly in suits involving taxation. He was associated 
with former Governor John W. Griggs as counsel for 
the policy holders of the Prudential Insurance Com- 
pany when it was changed from a stock company to 
a mutual concern. Since his admission to the bar he 
has specialized in equity. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 317 

On November 3d, 1916, the Vice-Chancellor took the 
oath of office. He was appointed to fUl a vacancy 
canted Ly the death of Vice-Chancellor Howell. 



JUSTICES OF THE SUPREME COURT. 

(Term of office, seven years. The salary of the Chief 
Justice is $13,000 a year, and that of each 
Associate Justice, $12,000.) 

Chief Justice. 

WILLIAM S. GUMMERE, Newark. 

Chief Justice Gummere was born in Trenton, June 24th 
1852, and Is a son of the late Barker Gummere, who for 
many years was one of the acknowledged leaders of the 
bar of New Jersey. The Justice was educated at the old 
Trenton Academy and the Lawrenceville School, and wa« 
graduated from Princeton College in 1870. He studied la\^' 
with his father, and upon being admitted to the bar he 
practiced for a time In the office of G. D. W. Vroom, when 
that gentleman was Prosecutor of the Pleas for Mercer 
county. Subsequently Mr. Gummere formed a co- partner- 
ship with his uncle, the late ex-Governor Parker, in New- 
ark, and after that had been dissolved he was associated 
with Oscar Keen, of the same city. This continued until 
the late Edward T. Green was made Judge of the United 
States District Court, when Mr. Gummere succeeded him 
as counsel for the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, with 
offices in Trenton. On February 18th, 1895, he was ap- 
pointed by Governor Werts as a Justice of the Supreme 
Court, to succeed the late Justice Abbett for a term of 
seven years, and he was unanimously confirmed by the 
Senate on the day following. On January 28, 1901. he was 
nominated by Governor Voorhees for Chief Justice of the 
Supreme Court, to take effect on November 16, 1901. and he 
was confirmed on February 4th following. The nomination 
was made to fill a vacancy caused by the resignation of 
Chief Justice David A. Depue, who, after serving a period 
of thirty-five years on the bench, vacated the office on 
November 16th, 1901. Chief Justice Gummere took the oath 
of office on November 19, 1901. He was reappointed 
by Governor I'ort on January 22d, 1908, and was at 
once confirmed by the Senate. In 1915 he was nomi- 
nated for another term by Governor Fielder and was 



318 BIOGRAPHIES. 

unanimously confirmed by tlie Senate, In politics 
he is a Republican. His term will expire in 1922. His 
circuit comprises Essex county. Population, 566,324. 

CHARLES GRANT GARRISON, Merchantvllle. 

Justice Garrison was born in Swedesboro, Gloucester 
county, N. J., August 3d, 1849. He is a son of Rev. Joseph 
Flthian Garrison, D. D., a well known divine of the Pro- 
testant Episcopal Church, who was a professor in a Phila- 
delphia college for a number of years, and died In 1893. 
The Judge was educated at Edgehill School, Princeton, at 
the Episcopal Academy, Philadelphia, and In the Univer- 
sity of Pennsylvania, from which he graduated as a physi- 
'^lan In 1872. He practiced that profession until 1876, at 
Swedesboro, and then entered the law office of Samuel H. 
Grey, of Camden, where he remained until he was ad- 
mitted to the bar In 1878. He was made Judge-Advo- 
cate General of New Jersey In 1884, and in 1882 he was 
made Chancellor of the Southern Diocese of the Prot- 
estant Episcopal Church of New Jersey. He was ap- 
pointed to the Supreme Court bench In January. 1888. in 
the place of the late ex-Governor Joel Parker, for a full 
term of seven years. He was re-appointed in 1895 by 
Governor Werts, again by Governor Murphy in 1902, 
by Governor Fort in 1909, and by Governor Fielder in 
191G. In politics he is a Democrat. His term expires 
in 1923. 

His circuit consists of the counties of Camden and 
Gloucester. Total population, 209,808. 

FRANCIS J. SWAYZE. Newark. 

Justice Swayze was born In Newton, Sussex county, May 
15th. 1861, and is a son of Jacob L. Swayze. He was grad- 
uated from Harvard College in 1879. and afterward studied 
law in the office of Martin Rosenkrans. In Newton. He 
also took a course at Harvard I-,aw School, and was admit- 
ted to the bar of New Jersey in June, 1882. and was made 
a counselor-at-law three years later. 

The Judge served as Chairman of the Sussex Republican 
County Committee from 1886 to 1889. He was a member of 
the Republican State Committee from 1889 to 1S92, and wa.s 
a delegate to the Republican National Convention In 1892. 
In that year he removed to Newark and thereafter confined 
himself to the practice of his profession. He became a 
member of the law firm of Colie & Swayze. later Colie. 
Swayze & Titsworth. On February 13th, 1900, he was nom- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 319 

Inated by Governor Voorhees as a Circuit Court Judge to 
succeed Francis Child and he was unanimously confirmed 
by the Senate for a term of seven years. On January 13, 
1903, he was nominated by Governor Murphy as a Justice 
of the Supreme Court to succeed Justice Collins, who had 
resigned, and the nomination was confirmed by the Senate 
on January 20. for a full term of seven years. He 
was renominated in 1910 and again in 1917. His term 
will expire January 23d, 1924. His circuit comprises 
the county of Hudson. Population, 571.371. 

THOMAS WHITAKER TRENCHARD, Trenton. 

Justice Trenchard was born in Centreton, Salem county, 
N. J.. December 13th. 1863. His father was William B. 
Trenchard, for many years Clerk of the County of Cum- 
berland. The Judge was educated In the public schools of 
Bridgeton and in the South Jersey Institute, from which 
he was graduated in the class of 1882. He read law In the 
office of Porter and Nixon, and was admitted to the bar 
as an attorney at the November term of court in 1886. and 
as a counselor in February, 1893. He practiced law In 
Bridgeton, and In 1899 he was appointed Law Judge of 
Cumberland county by Governor Voorhees. In 1904 he was 
reappointed by Governor Murphy. He served as City So- 
licitor of Bridgeton from 1892 to 1899. and was a member of 
the House of Assembly in 1889. During many years he 
was Solicitor for the Board of Health of Bridgeton. He 
was one of the organizers of the Cumberland County Bar 
Association and has served as its president. In 1896 he 
was chosen a Presidential Elector, when he cast his ballot 
for McKinley and Hobart. The Judge is a member of the 
Society of the Sons of the Revolution. On June 8th, 
1906, Governor Stokes appointed him a Justice of the 
Supreme Court, to fill a vacancy caused by the death 
of Justice Dixon. He was nominated and confirmed 
for a full term in 1907. In 1914 he was re-appointed 
for another term by Governor Fielder and was 
promptly confirmed by the Senate. His circuit com- 
prises the counties of Mercer, Hunterdon and War- 
ren. Population, 218,823. His term will expire in 1921. 

CHARLES W. PARKER. Jersey City. 

Justice Parker was born at Newark. N. J.. October 
22, 1862, and is a son of the late Cortlandt and Eliza- 
beth W. (Stites) Parker. He received his preliminary 



320 BIOGRAPHIES. 

education at PIngvy School, Elizabeth, N. J., and 
Phillips Exeter Academy, Exeter, N. H. He ivas grad- 
uated from Princeton College with honors In 1882; 
read law under the direction of his father and at Col- 
umbia Law School from 1882 to 1885; was admitted 
to the New Jersey bar as an attorney In June, 
1885, and as a counselor at the February term, 1890. 
He practiced his profession In Newark till 1890, and 
thereafter in Bayonne City, and since 1891 In Jersey 
City. In 1898 he was appointed a District Court Judge 
for Jersey City, and in 1903 he was reappointed. He 
resigned that office In 1903 and accepted an appoint- 
ment by Governor Murphy as a Judge of the Circuit 
Court. The appointment was unanimously confirmed 
by the Senate and he took his seat on March 2, 19u3. 
This oflfice he held until October, 1907, when he re- 
signed to become a Justice of the Supreme Court, to 
which office he was nominated by Governor Stokes 
and was unanimously confirmed by the Senate on Sep- 
tember 25 for a full term of seven years. He succeeds 
John Franklin Fort, who had resigned upon his nomi- 
nation as the Republican candidate for Governor. H*» 
served as Assistant Adjutant General of the State from 
1902 to 1907, after twelve years enlisted and com- 
missioned service In the Essex Troop and Fourth 
Regiment, and was aide de camp on the staff of Gov- 
ernor Franklin Murphy, during the latter's term of 
office. In politics the Justice Is a Republican. His 
term will expire in 1921. He was re-appointed by 
Governor Fielder in 1914 and was promptly confirmed 
by the Senate. His circuit comprises the counties 
of Morris, Bergen and Somerset. Population, 304,233, 

JAMES J. BERGEN. Somerville. 

Justice Bergen Is a lineal descendant of Han Hanson 
Bergen, who came from Holland to New York city and 
was the progenitor of nearly all those bearing the 
name In America. He married Sarah Rappelyea, who, 
it Is said, was the first white child born in the New 
Netherlands. Mr. Bergen's New Jersey ancestor was 
a grandson of the original emigrant, and owned con- 
siderable tracts of land in the counties of Somerset 
and Hunterdon. The family Is among the oldest of 
the Holland-Dutch settlers In this country, and Its 



BIOGRAPHIES. 321 

members have always been conspicuous In business, 
professional and public affairs. 

The Justice is a son of John J. nnd Mary A. (Park) 
Bergen, and was born October 1, 1847, In Somervllle, 
N. J., where he has always resided. He attended the 
old brick academy in his native town, and was grad- 
uated from Calvin Butler Seminary of the same place 
In 1863. At the age of seventeen he entered upon the 
study of law with the late Hugh M. Gaston, of Somer- 
vllle, with whom he remained until he was admitted 
as an attorney at the November term in 1868. During 
tiie following year he practised his profession In 
Plalnfleld. N. J. On January 1, 1870, he returned to 
Somervllle and formed a law partnership with his 
preceptor, Mr. Gaston, which was continued under the 
firm name of 3aston & Bergen for twenty years, when 
Mr. Gaston withdrew. He was made a counselor in 
November, 1871. 

He was elected to the Legislature In 1875, 1876, 1830 
and 1891, serving as Speaker of the Assembly during 
the sessions of 1891 and 1892, and In 1896 was a dele- 
gate to the Democratic National Convention. In 1877 
he was appointed by Governor BeJle as Prosecutor 
of the Pleas of Somerset county, which office he held 
for six years. He was president of the Board of Com- 
missioners of Somervllle and of tho savings bank 
for a long time, and has been a director of the First 
National Bank of that place. He was especially active 
In organizing police and fire departments, and is cred- 
ited with creating the public sentiment which made 
possible the introduction of a sewage system, and other 
public Improvements In Somervllle. 

In March. 1904, he was appointed a Vice-Chancellor 
by Chancellor Magle for a full term of seven years, 
and on October 11. 1907, Governor Stokes sent his 
nomination as a Justice of the Supreme Court to the 
Senate, which was confirmed without reference. He 
took the oath of office on October 16. 1907. His term 
will expire October 11th, 1921. He was re-appointed 
by Governor Fielder in 1914 and was promptly con- 
firmed by the Senate. His circuit comprises the 
counties of Union and Middlesex. Population, 312,038. 
In politics he is a Democrat. 
21 



322 BIOGRAPHIES. 

JAMES F. MINTURN, Hoboken. 

Justice Minturn was born at Hoboken, N. J„ July 
16th, 1860. He was educated in the Hoboken public 
schools and the Martha Institute. Afterward he en- 
tered college, but w^as forced to retire owing to ill 
health, and he conipleted his studies under the tute- 
lage of Prof. Louis Barton, a graduate of Rutgers 
College. He was graduated from the Columbia College 
Law School, New York, with the degree of LL.B. He 
then entered the office of Ogden & Niven in Hoboken 
and there completed his study of New Jersey law. 
He was admitted to the bar of New York as an at- 
torney and counselor. In 1884 he was appointed Cor- 
poration Attorney of Hoboken and w^as retained in 
that office until he became a Circuit Judge, twenty-one 
years altogether, despite political changes in adminis- 
tration. 

He represented Hoboken in many notable law suits, 
carrying them through the highest courts of the State 
and the United States Courts. In 1«89 he represented 
that city in the dispute over the ownership of the 
river front, in which the Hoboken Land and Improve- 
ment Company and the Pennsylvania Railroad Com- 
pany were parties in litigation. The case went through 
the State Courts and was taken to the United States 
Supreme Court. 

The Justice was counsel for the late Henry George 
in the celebrated case of the John Hutchins will, of 
Camden, in which considerable money was bequeathed 
for the circulation of George's works. After going 
through the Court of Chancery, It was taken on ap- 
peal to the Court of Errors and Appeals, where the 
claim of Mr. George was sustained. Mr. Minturn at one 
time declined the appointment of District Court Judge 
of Ploboken. He was one of the organizers of the 
Hudson County and State Bar associations. In 1903 
he wrote an article, w^hich appeared in the New Jersey 
Law Journal, discussing the proposed constitutional 
amendments, taking the ground, while not opposing 
them, that they were insufficient for the relief of the 
courts. He also contributed to Belford's Magazine an 
article, entitled "The Iniquities of the Tariff." A Latin 
scholar and linguist, he Is also an orator and a lecturer 
of high rank. 

In 18S4 Mr. Minturn was appointed Judge-Advocate 



BIOGRAPHIES. 31^3 

of the old Second Regiment, National Guard, and 
served seven years and until the regiment was amal- 
gamated with the Fourth. lie Is an honorary member 
of the DeLong Guards of Hoboken. He has always 
taken an active Interest In military affairs and has 
won several medals at the Sea Girt ranges and quali- 
fied as an expert marksman. 

The Justice wa.s one of the organizers of tlie Fro'i 
Public Library of Hoboken and of the State Charities 
Aid Association. He also helped organize the Society 
for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children and was Its 
counsel for several years. He has been president of 
the First National Bank of Guttenburg and vice-presi- 
dent of the Ocean County Trust Company. 

He was elected Senator In Hudson county In 1904 and 
served In that office until he took his seat as Circuit 
Judge. He was nominated for the Judgejihlp by Gov- 
ernor Stokes on June 21, 1907, was unanimously con- 
firmed by the Senate and was sworn Into ofllce on 
July 31. On January 22, 1908, he was nominated by 
Governor Fort as Justice of the Supreme Court, and 
was unanimously confirmed by the Senate. The degree 
of LL.D. was conferred on the Justice at Seton Hall 
College in Juno, 1908. 

He was nominated for another term in 1915 by 
Governor Fielder and was unanimously confirmed by 
the Senate. 

In politics he is a Democrat, and his term will ex- 
pire in 1922. His circuit comprises the counties of 
Passaic and Sussex. Population, 2G2,341. 

SAMUEL. KALISCH, Newark. 

Justice Kallsch was born In Cleveland, Ohio, April 
18, 1851. He Ie a son of Isldor Kallsch, D.D., a noted 
Jewish divine, who was a pioneer in the establish- 
ment of Reformed Judaism In this country and died 
In Newark in 1886. Mr. Kalisch was educated in the 
public schools of Lawrence, Mass., and Detroit, Mich., 
and was also under the private tutelage of his father. 
He was graduated from the Columbia College Law 
School, New York, with the degree of LL. B. in 1870. 
and was in the ofllce of the late William B. Guild, Jr., 
until he was admitted to the bar. He was city attor- 
ney of the city of Newark in 1875. He devoted him- 
self to a general practice of the law and built up an 



324 BIOGRAPHIES. 

extensive and lucrative practice. He was one of the 
most prominent trial lawyers in the state and was 
counsel in many notable cases, both civil and crim- 
inal. In politics he is a Democrat. He was appointed 
by Governor Wilson June 16th, 1911, and by Governor 
Edge in 1918. His term will expire June 16th, 1925. 
His circuit comprises the counties of Monmouth, Bur- 
lington and Ocean. Population, 205,024. 

CHARLES C. BLACK, Jersey City. 

Justice Biack was born on a farm in Burlington 
county, near Mount Holly, N. J., on July 29th, 1858. He 
was prepared for college at the Mount Holly Acad- 
emy, and entered Princeton College In 1874, being 
graduated with the class of '78. He studied law at 
Mount Holly, N. J., and at tlie University of Michigan, 
at Ann Arbor. He was admitted to the bar of New 
Jersej' as an attorney in June. 1881, and as a coun- 
selor in June, 1884. After being admitted to the bar 
he located at Jersey City, and has practiced law there 
until his appointment to the bench under the firm 
name of Black & Dayton. 

He served for five years as a member of the Hudson 
County Board of Registration under the Ballot Reform 
Law. He was appointed as a member of the State Board 
of Taxation on March 21st. 1891, for a term of five years. 
was re-appointed for another term In 1896, and again In 
1901. He was again appointed In 1904 for a term of five 
years. Mr. Black has made valuable additions to the 
literature of the law In his "Proof and Pleadings in Acci- 
dent Cases," "New Jersey Law of Taxation" and "Law 
and Practice in Accident Cases." Mr. Black was the 
Dem.ocratic candidate for Governor in 1904. He was ap- 
pointed a member of "The Equal Tax Commission" by 
Governor Murphy. Governor Stokes nominated him on 
March 30, 1905, as a member of the new Board of Equaliza- 
tion of Taxes, and he was at once confirmed by the Sen- 
ate. He served on that board until he was appointed a 
Circuit Judge by Governor Fort, on January 22d. 1908, 
to succeed Judge Minturn, who was appointed to the 
bench of the Supreme Court. The justice was ap- 
pointed on June 13th, 1914, by Governor Fielder to 
a vacancy in the Supreme Court caused by the death 
of Justice Voorhee3, which occurred on June 1st. 
He was nominated for a full term in 1915 and was 
unanimously confirmed by the Senate. His circuit 



BIOGRAPHIES. 325 

comprises the counties of Atlantic. Cape Maj', Cum- 
berland and Salem. Population, 197,020. His term 
will expire in 1922. 



Circuit Court Judges. 

(Term of office, seven years. Salary. |9,000.) 

FREDERIC ADAMS, East Orange. 

Judge Adams was born on October 9th, 1840. at Amherst, 
N. H. He was graduated from Phillips Academy at An- 
dover in 1858, and from Yale College in 1862. He read law 
at the Harvard Law School in 1863 and '64, and was admit- 
ted to the bar of New York -city In 1864. He was admitted 
to practice In New Jersey as an attorney in February, 1868, 
and as a counselor In November, 1873. Nearly his entire 
practice has been In the ctty of Newark, where he has 
been much occupied by his duties as Special and Ad- 
visory Master in Chancery. The only political offices 
he ever held were as Clerk of East Orange township, 
Essex county, and as counsel for the same township. 
On March 23d, 1897, he was nominated as Judge of the 
Court of Errors and Appeals by Governor Griggs to 
succeed Judge Barcalow, who had been appointed as 
Judge of the Passaic County Courts. He was unani- 
mously confirmed by the Senate on March 25, 1897. 
On January 13. 1903. he was nominated by Governor 
Murphy as a Judge of the Circuit Court for a full 
term of seven years, and on the 20th of that month he 
was unanimously confirmed by the Senate. He was 
renominated and confirmed for another term in 1910, 
and again in 1917. In politics the Judge is a Repub- 
lican. His term will expire January 23d, 1924. His cir- 
cuit comprises the county of Essex. 

FRANK T. LLOYD. Camden. 

Judge Lloyd was born at Middletown, Delaware, October 
29th. 1859. He was graduated from the Middletown Acad- 
emy, and after removing to Camden, in 1875, learned the 
trade of a compositor. During his apprenticeship he 
studied law with the Hon. James Otterson. of Philadel- 
phia, and was admitted to the bar of Pennsylvania In 1882. 
He was admitted to the New Jersey bar as an attorney 
in February, 1897, and as a counselor In February, 1900. 



326 BIOGRAPHIES. 

In 1S99, uron the death of the Incumbent, he was desig- 
nated by tho Court to prosecute the pleas In Camden 
county, and was thereafter successively appointed to the 
position of Prosecutor by Governor Voorhees in 1900 and 
Governor Stokes in 1905. This position he held at the time 
of his appointment In 1906 by Governor Stokes to the bench 
of the Circuit Court. lie was a member of the House of 
Assembly In 1896 and 1897, the later year being chairman of 
the Judiciary Committee of that body, and Is the author 
of the present marriage law of the State. He was a mem- 
ber of the Franchise Commission whose recommendations 
were in 1906 enacted Into law by the Legislature. 
Judge Lloyd's circuit comprises the counties of Cam- 
den, Ocean, Mercer and Middlesex. In 1914 he was 
re-appointed by Governor Fielder and was promptly 
confirmed by the Senate. His term will expire in 1921. 
In politics he is a Republican. 

WILLIAM H. SPEER, Jersey City. 

Judge Speer was born in Jersey City, N. J., October 
21st, 1868, He was educated in Hasbrouck Institute in 
Jersey City and at Columbia University In New York 
city. He studied law at Columbia University Law 
School and In the office of Joiin Linn in Jersey City. 
At the November term, 1891. he was admitted to the 
bar of New Jersey, and was made a counselor-at-law 
in June, 1895. 

After being admitted to the bar, Judge Speer became 
a member of the firm of Linn & Speer, his partner 
being Clarence Linn, a son of John Linn. This partner- 
ship continued for a number of years. Mr. Speer was 
twice vice-pre.'=;ident of the Hudson County Bar Asso- 
ciation, and became Its president in 1903. On February 
8th. 1903. Mr. Speer, having been appointed by Gov- 
ernor Franklin Murphy and confirmed by the Senate 
to the office of Prosecutor of the Pleas for Hudson 
county, qualified as such and held the office until De- 
cember 30th. 1907. when he was appointed by Governor 
Edward C. Stokes as a Circuit Court Judge to succeed 
Charles W. Parker. On January 22d, 1908. he was 
appointed for a full term by Governor Fort, and in 
1915 he was re-appointed by Governor Fielder. 

Judge Speer has been active In politics, and is a mem- 
ber of the Republican party. At the time of his ap- 
pointment as Judge he was a member of the firm of 



BIOGRAPHIES. 327 

Speer & Kellogg, 'ils partner being Frederick S. Kel- 
logg. His circuit comprises the county of Hudson. 
His term will expire in 1922. 

NELSON Y. DUNGAN, Somerville. 

Judge Duiigan was born ^lay 3, 1867, at Lambert- 
ville, Hunterdon county, N. J. He moved to Somerset 
county with his parents in 1873 and has lived there 
ever since, residing at the present time at Somerville. 
From 1883 to 1S89 he was a teacher In the public 
schools of the county, teaching the last four years in 
Somerville. 

He was admitted to the bar as an attorney-at-law 
at the November term, 1890. and as a counselor, No- 
vember term. 1893, and as an attorney and counselor 
of the United States Supreme Court, November, 1896. 
He is also an attorney and counselor of the State of 
New York and of the District of Columbia. He Is a 
special master in Chancery and a Supreme Court 
Commissioner. From 1895 to 1900 he was Prosecutor 
of the Pleas of Somerset county, and' served as a 
member of the Board of Managers of the New Jersey 
State Village for Epileptics from 1903 to 1907. He 
was associated with John F. Reger under the firm 
name of Dungan & Reger, from April 1st, 1898, to 
March 24, 1911. 

As a member of the National Guard of New Jersey 
he gained considerable prominence. He enlisted In 
the Guard as a private in Company H, Third Regiment, 
July 26, 1888, and served through the various grades 
until March 25, 1907, when he was elected Colonel of 
the Second Regiment, Infantry, which office he held 
at the time of his appointment to the Circuit Court, 
and was subsequently, February 21st, 1912. appointed 
Brigadier-General by brevet. He was retired from 
the office of Colonel of the Second Regiment the day 
after he received his commission as Judge, which was 
March 24th, 1911. He was re-appointed by Governor 
Edge in 1918. His circuit comprises the county of 
Essex. His term will expire on March 24th, 1925. In 
politics he is a Democrat. 

HOWARD CARROW, Camden. 
Judge Carrow was born in Camden, Del., in 1860. 
He went to Bridgeton, N. J., to reside in 1867, where he 



328 BIOGRAPHIES. 

remained until 1873, when he removed to Camden 
county, where he has resided ever since. 

Mr. Carrow was made an attorney in June, 1882, and 
a counsellor in June, 1885. He was made Judge of 
Camden District Court in 1891, and served one term 
of five years. In 1895 he was permanent Chairman of 
the Democratic State Convention that nominated Chan- 
cellor McGill for Governor, In 1894 he served on a 
commission appointed by Governor Werts to suggest 
constitutional amendments for changes in our judicial 
system, and was temporary Chairman of this dis- 
tinguished body. He was twice a Delegate-at-Large 
to National Democratic conventions, and was a mem- 
ber of the National Democratic Committee and a Presi- 
dential elector, also a member of Democratic Commit- 
tee of the State. He was appointed Judge of Court of 
Common Pleas of Camden County by Governor Wilson, 
April, 1912, and served until March, 1913, when he re- 
signed to go on the Circuit bench. His term expires 
March 15th, 1920. His circuit comprises Burlington, 
Gloucester, Salem, Cumberland, Cape May and Atlantic 
counties. 

LUTHER A. CAMPBELL, Hackensack. 

Judge Campbell was born in Bergen county, N. J., 
November 28th, 1872. He read law with his father, 
the late Abraham D, Campbell, and was admitted to 
the bar in February, 1894. He formed a partnership 
under the name of A. D. & L. A. Campbell, which 
lasted until his father's death in October, 1896. Be- 
sides representing a large number of other munici- 
palities in Bergen county, he served as counsel to 
Hackensack for tw^elve years successively and as 
counsel to the Board of Chosen Freeholders of Ber- 
gen county for six years successively. 

Acting Governor Taylor appointed Mr. Campbell 
a Circuit Judge on January 6th, 1914. This was an 
ad interim appointment, and on January 20th, Gover- 
nor Fielder sent his name to the Senate for a full 
term of office and he was promptly confirmed. His 
term will not expire until 1921. His circuit com- 
prises the county of Hudson. 

GEORGE S. SILZER, Metuchen. 
Judge Silzer was born at New Brunswick, April 
14th, 1870. He was educated in the public schools. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 329 

and was graduated from the High School in 1888, 
being: the valedictorian of his class; was admitted 
to the bar as an attorney in November, 1892, and 
as counselor in November, 1899. He practiced his 
profession in New Brunswick until his appointment 
as Circuit Court Judge in 1914. 

He has served in the New Brunswick Board of 
Aldermen, and as chairman of the Democratic County 
Committee. In 1906 he received a unanimous nomi- 
nation for State Senator in Middlesex county and 
conducted a successful campaign on the principle of 
anti-bribery. In 1909 he was renominated and re- 
elected by an increased plurality of 1,879 over Judge 
Hicks, Republican. During his six years service 
as senator he took a very prominent part in legis- 
lation and was one of the leaders of his party. 
In 1912 he was appointed prosecutor of the pleas of 
Middlesex county by Governor Wilson and served in 
that office until August 25th, 1914, when he was made 
a circuit judge by Governor Fielder. He was appointed 
for a full term of office in 1915. His term will expire 
January 25th, 1922. His circuit comprises the counties 
of Passaic, Union, Somerset, Sussex and Warren. 

WILLARD W. CUTLER, Morristown. 

Judg-e Cutler was born in Morristown, Morris county. 
New Jersey, on November 3d, 1856. 

He studied law wnth his father, Hon. Augustus W. 
Cutler, and upon being admitted to the bar at once 
began the practice of his profession. 

In December, 1882, he was appointed by Governor 
George C. Ludlow, Prosecutor of the Pleas for Morris 
county, to fill a vacancj', and continued to hold that 
position by re-appointments until 1893 when he re- 
signed to accept the position of President Judge of 
the Inferior Court of Common Pleas of that county. 

Upon the completion of his term as President Judge 
in 1898, he resumed the practice of law, having his 
office in his home town, and continued in active prac- 
tice until he accepted the position of Circuit Court 
Judge in 1916. 

His term wnll expire March 15th, 1923. His circuit 
comprises the counties of Bergen, Hudson, Essex, Hun- 
terdon. :Monmouth and Morris. 



330 BIOGRAPHIES. 



Lay Judges of the Court of Errors and Appeals. 

(Term of office, six years. Compensation, $20 a day 
for actual service. No mileage.) 

JOHN JOSIAH WHITE, Atlantic City. 

Judge White was born on his father's farm near 
Mount Holly, Burlington county, N. J., August 16, 
1863. He is the eldest son of Josiah White and Mary 
Kirby (Allen) White, the ancestors of both of whom 
have been earnest members of and often prominent 
ministers in the Society of Friends in New Jersey and 
Pennsylvania since the first of them came to America, 
attracted by William Penn's "Invitation to Friends" 
emigrated thither in search of religious liberty dur- 
ing the latter part of the seventeenth century. Among 
these direct ancestors of Judge White who thus emi- 
grated to America were Christopher White, who 
came in 1677 and settled at Alloways creek, Salem 
county, N. J.; William Haines, who settled at Bur 
lington in 1682; also Samuel Smith, in 1694, who was 
a member of Assembly until his death in 1718; Jo- 
seph Kirkbride, who came to Philadelphia in 1682. 
and Mahlon Stacy, who settled in what is now South 
Trenton, in 1678, all from England, and besides these 
other distinguished ancestors from tlie same country 
Another ancestor was Isaac Shoemaker, ^from Cres- 
heim (now Kriegshein) on the Rhine, who was one 
of a party of eighty German Quakers who founded 
Germanlown. 

Judge White attended Swarthmore College two 
years, leaving at the end of his sophomore year to 
enter as a student of law in the office of Nathan H. 
Sharpless, one of the leaders of the Philadelphia bar. 
He also attended the law school of the University of 
Pennsylvania, receiving his B. L. degree in 1884. He 
was admitted the same year to the bars of Philadel- 
phia and Delaware counties, and three years later to 
the bar of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania. He 
continued in active practice in Philadelphia until 
1901, when he removed to Atlantic City and with his 
father and two brothers built the Marlborough-Blen- 
heim hotel, of which they have since continued to be 
the sole owners and managers. 

On June 14, 1911, he was appointed by Governor 



BIOGRAPHIES. 331 

Wilson a lay Judge of the Court of Errors and Ap- 
peals to fill a vacancy caused by the deatli of Judge 
George R. Gray. In politics the Judge is a Republi- 
can. On January 29th, 1912, the Judge was nominated 
for a full term of office and was duly confirmed by 
the Senate. He was re-appointed by Governor Edge 
and his term will expire February 6th, 1924. 

HENRY S. TERHUNE. Long Branch. 
Judge Terhune was born at Matawan, N. J., June 9th, 
1860. He is a son of the late William L. Terhune. and 
nepiiew of the late Henry Stafford Little. He is a 
graduate of Princeton University and Columbia Law 
School. He studied law with Hon. John S. Applegate, 
of Red Bank. Was admitted as an attorney in 1885, 
and as a counselor in 1890. He has practiced law at 
Long Branch since his admission. For many years Mr. 
Terhune was Chairman of the Democratic Executive 
Committee of his county, and in 1892 was elected to the 
State Senate. Mr. Terhune was appointed a Judge of 
the Court of Errors and Appeals by Governor Wilson 
on February 3d, 1913, for a term of six years. His term 
M ill expire February 12th, 1919. 

ERNEST J. HEPPENHEIMER, Jersey City. 
Judge Heppenheimer was born in Jersey City, N. J., 
February 24th, 1869, and is in the life insurance busi- 
ness. He attended Public School No. 8 in Jersey City 
until ten years of age, then spent three years at school 
in Germany. Upon returning to America he went to 
Peekskill Military Academy for three years, and fin- 
ished at Phillips Academy, Anover, Mass. He was a 
member of the firm of F. Heppenheimer's Sons, litho- 
graphers, in New York, until its formation into the 
American Lithographic Company, when he retired to 
engage in cattle raising in Texas. He conducted an 
extensive cattle ranch until 1897, when he returned to 
his native city. Together with prominent business men 
of the State he founded the Colonial Life Insurance 
Company of America, with its head office in Jersey 
City; became Secretary in 1897, Second Vice-President 
in 1902, and succeeded the late E. F. C. Young as Presi- 
dent in 1906. He was President of the Board of Alder- 
men, Jersey City, January, 1910, to June, 1913, when 
the commission form of government came into ex- 



332 BIOGRAPHIES. 

istence. He served as Commissioner of Finance, Jer- 
sey City, 1910 to 1913; was a Presidential elector in 
1912; President New Jersey Harbor Commission, 1912 
to 1913, and resigned the latter position in March, 
1913, after appointment by Governor AVilson as Judge 
of the Court of Errors and Appeals. His term will ex- 
pire February 26th, 1919. 

ROBERT WILLIAMS, Paterson. 
Judge Williams was born in Paterson, N. J., March 
16th, 1860, and is a lawyer by profession. He was 
graduated from Princeton College in 1881, and from 
Columbia College Law School in 1884. He studied 
law with his father, the late Senator Henry A. Wil- 
liams, in Paterson. In 1884 he was admitted to the 
bar as an attorney, and in 1887 as a counselor. He 
was a member of the House of Assembly in 1890 and 
1891, and in the latter year received the minority 
nomination for Speaker. In 1894 he was elected to 
tlie State Senate from Passaic county and served a 
full term of three years. He served on various im- 
portant committees and in 1896 he was chosen to fill 
a vacancy in the presidency of the Senate upon the 
resignation of Lewis A. Thompson, of Somerset. In 
1897 Mr. Williams was elected president for a full 
term. He has represented Passaic county as a mem- 
ber of the Republican State Committee. Upon the 
resignation of General Joseph W. Congdon, as a 
member of the Board of Railroad Commissioners, 
March 17th, 1909, Mr. Williams was appointed to the 
vacancy, resigning from the Board of Riparian Com- 
missioners, of which he had been a member since 
1904, being chairman at the time of his resignation. 
His term expired on May 1st. 1913. The death of 
Judge Conger of the Court of Errors and Appeals 
occurred on May 1st, 1914, and Governor Fielder 
appointed Mr. Williams to the vacancy. He was ap- 
pointed for a full term in 1915 and his term expires 
January 25th, 1921. 

FRANK M. TAYLOR, Hackensack. 
Judge Taylor was born in Fairview, Bergen county, 
July 23d, 1873. He moved to Hackensack, N. J., in 
1880, wliere he has since resided. He has been a 
member of the firm of Lasher & Taylor, general 
agents of Hartford Fire Insurance Company, for past 



BIOGRAPHIES. 333 

twenty years, having charge of the company's affairs 
for the States of New York and New Jersey. He 
served as president and member of the governing 
body of Hacltensack for a period of six years. 

In 1913, was appointed by Governor Fielder to serve 
as his personal military aide with rank of Colonel; 
was re-appointed to that position bj^ Acting Governor 
Taylor and re-appointed in 1914 by Governor Fielder, 
which position he still holds. He was appointed by 
Governor Fielder, Judge of the Court of Errors and 
Appeals in 1915. His term expires April 10th, 1921. 
In politics he is a Democrat. 

WALTER P. GARDNER, Jersey City. 

Judge Gardner was appointed by Governor Fielder 
to succeed Judge Vredenburgh, whose term expired 
February 8th, 1916. He has been a resident of Jersey 
City since his birth there in 1869. 

After being graduated from the Jersey City High 
School in 1886, he was employed in the First National 
Bank of New York City. Meanwhile he commenced 
the study of law in association with Marshall Van 
Winkle, having registered in the office of John Linn, 
but discontinued same to take up a course in bank 
accounting and commercial law. After a service of 
nine years with the bank, he was made cashier of the 
banking house of Groesbeck & Sterling and on Mr. 
Sterling's death, became a partner in the new firm, of 
Groesbeck & Co., members of the New York Stock 
Exchange. 

In 1911 Judge Gardner was elected a director in 
the New Jersey Title Guarantee and Trust Company 
of Jersey City, and two years later retired from the 
bond business to take up the active duties of a vice- 
president of that trust company, which position he 
continues to hold. 

Judge Gardner is a member of the Executive Com- 
mittee of the New Jersey State Bankers Association, 
and is president of the Hudson county group of banks. 

In 1913 he was appointed by President Wilson a 
member of the New Jersey Commission for the 
Panama-Pacific International Exposition and served 
on its Executive Committee. In politics. Judge Gard- 
ner is a Republican. His term expires February 8th, 
192.2. 



334 BIOGRAPHIES. 

U. S. OFFICERS FOR NEW JERSEY. 

District Attorney. 

CHARLES FRANCIS LYNCH, Paterson. 

Mr. Lynch was born in Franklin borough, Sussex 
county, N. J., January 9th, 1S84. His offices are in 
the Post-Office Building-, Newark, and at 140 Market 
street, Paterson. He attended the public schools at 
Franklin in 1901, removed to Paterson and entered 
the law offices of Michael Dunn, now Prosecutor of 
the Pleas, as a student and clerk, remained there 
several years and then entered the law offices of Pierce 
& Greer, New York City. He was admitted to the bar 
of New Jersey at the November term, 1906. Shortly 
thereafter he became associated with Congressman, 
now United States Senator, "William Hughes, in the 
practice of law. Mr. Lynch was appointed Second U. 
S. District Attorney in June, 1913, was promoted to 
First Assistant in September, 1914, and became District 
Attorney, May 29th, 1916. 



Clerk U. S. District Court. 

GEORGE T. CRANMER. Trenton. 
Mr. Cranmer was born at Barnegat, N. J., December 6th, 
1S48. l^e was formerly engaged in the banking and broker- 
age, real estate and insurance business. He has been an 
active member of the S;ate National Guard for a number 
of years, and from 1S75 to 1S99 was Quartermaster of the 
Seventh Regiment. In 1S78 he was the Republican candi- 
date for member of Assembly, but was defeated by Hon. 
Rufus Blodgett, since a United States Senator. In Sep- 
tember, 1S79, vjiithout his solicitation, he was appointed by 
President Hayes Collector of Customs for the District of 
Little Egg Harbor, N. J., which office he resigned July 1st, 
IPSO. In 1882 he was again nominated for member of As- 
sembly and elected over William J. Harrison by a majority 
of 477. In 1883 he was unanimously nominated for Senator, 
and elected over ex-Senator Ephraim P. Emson by a plur- 
ality of 26. In 1886 he was renominated for Senator, and 
elected over Judge Richard H. Conover by a plurality of 
743. In 1SS9 he was again unanimously renominated for Sen- 
ator, and elected over ex-Senator Ephraim P. Emson by a 



BIOGRAPHIES. 335 

plurality of 272. He always took an active part in the pro- 
ceedings of tile Senate, and for many years was Chairman 
of the Senate Republican caucus, and also of the joint 
Republican caucus. In 1889 he was unanimously nominated 
by the Republican caucus for President of the Senate. He 
was an alternate Delegate-at-Large to the National Repub- 
lican Convention at Chicago in 1888. and also to the Minne- 
apolis Convention in 1892. In October, 1S91, at a convention 
of the State League of Republican Clubs, he was elected 
an alternate Delegate-at-Large to the National Convention 
of Republican Clubs. He was appointed to his present 
office by the late Judge Green, in January. 1893. to succeed 
Linsly Rowe, who had resigned. No fixed salary, but in- 
stead, fees. 



United States Marshal. 

ALBERT BOLLSCHWEILER, Perth Amboy. 
Mr. Bollschweiler was born in Schopfhein:, Baden, 
Germany, April 26th, 1860. He was educated in ward 
schools, and after graduation he entered upon his life's 
work in clay products as an apprentice in Wiesbaden, 
Germany. Later he went to Switzerland and spent two 
years, returned to Germany, and from there came to 
the United States in 1882 He began operating in the 
terra cotta business in Boston, and came from that city 
to Perth Amboy, went to Chicago, and on February 23d, 
1888, he settled permanently in Perth Amboy. He en- 
gaged in the terra cotta business for liimself in 1890, 
and became one of the founders of the Standard Terra 
Cotta Works, now a branch of the Atlantic Terra Cotta 
Company. He served as its president and general man- 
ager. He specialized in the manufacture of ceramic 
products, and became president of the Perth Amboy 
Ceramic Company. Mr. Bollschweiler is a member of 
Raritan Lodge, No. 661, F. and A. M.; Perth Amboy 
Lodge, No. 784, B. P. O. E.: Middlesex Council, Royal 
Arcanum; Perth Amboy Camp, W. O. W., and of Local 
No. 273, American Federation of Musicians. He was 
elected for three consecutive terms to serve as Mayor 
of Perth Amboy, beginning in 1907, serving about five 
years, until he became Sheriff of Middlesex county in 
1911. which position he resigned to accept the appoint- 
ment of LTnited States Marshal in December, 1913. He 
was re-appointed in 1917. His term is four years, and 
salary $3,000 per annum. 



336 BIOGRAPHIES. 

STATE OFFICERS. 

Secretary of State. 

THOMAS F. MARTIN. 

Mr. Martin was born in Hartford, Conn., January 
30th, 1868. He is a newspaper editor and publisher 
by profession and for the past fifteen years he has 
been the owner and editor of the Hudson Dispatch, 
published at Union Hill, Hudson county. This paper 
has grown from a local daily to one which now has 
an extensive circulation throughout the county of 
Hudson and a State-wide influence. 

Mr, Martin is a member of Palisade Council No. 
483, Knights of Columbus, the Cartaret Club of Jersey 
Citj', and a charter member of the North Hudson 
Board of "Trade. His legislative career began in 1911. 
He served in the House of Assembly that j'ear, in 
1912, and again in 1913. He was again elected to 
the House of 1915, when he was chosen as the leader 
of the Democratic members on the floor. 

Mr. Martin takes more gratiflcation out of the re- 
sult of his efforts in connection with the attempt to 
enact Morris Canal legislation than any other bill 
in the passage or defeat of which he played any part. 
As the Democratic leader Mr. Martin vigorously op- 
posed legislation that he thought would prove detri- 
mental to the best interests of the State, and time 
has justified the position taken by him. 

When Governor Fielder was called upon to name 
a new Secretary of State because of the death of 
David S. Crater, the then secretary, IMr. Martin was 
accorded a tribute such as has never before been ex- 
tended to any man in this State. Every member of 
the House of Assembly, of which he was a member, 
waited upon the Governor, and regardless of their 
politics, they asked for the naming of Mr. Martin to 
the place. Governor Fielder named Mr. Martin as 
Secretary of State. April 5th. 1915. for a term of fivp 
years. The salary is $6,000 per year. His term expires 
April 5th, 1920. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 337 

Assistant Secretary of State. 

WILLIAM L. DILL, Paterson. 

Mr. Dill was born in Freeburgh, Pa., March 15th, 
1874. His father was Major William H. Dill, com- 
mander of the famous 118th Regiment N. Y. Vol, 
Inf., and one of the foremost educators in the State 
of Pennsylvania at the time of his death. 

Mr. Dill came to New Jersey in 1888 and at once 
engaged in the fire and life insurance business; he 
was named by the late John Hinchliffe as private 
secretary to the mayor in 1902, and served in that 
capacity during the fire, fioods and labor troubles 
which trinity of disasters made Paterson famous the 
world over. After his retirement from the mayor's 
office on December 31st, 1903, he was named secretary 
of the Passaic River Flood District Commission and 
upon the completion of this work was appointed 
secretary of the Taxpayers' Association of Paterson, 
a civic organization banded together to do the work 
which a Board of Trade would have done, had such 
a body existed in the silk city. He resigned this 
position to become clerk to the Board of Fire and 
Police Commissioners in 1908 and remained with such 
board until December 31st, 1913, when he resigned. 

Mr. Dill was for many years secretary to the Demo- 
cratic Senate Minority and when his party assumed 
control of the Senate, he was unanimously chosen 
by his party as Senate Secretary for the years 1913 
and 1914. He was a member of the Passaic County 
Board of Taxation for four years, serving as president 
during the last three years of his term. Mr. Dill 
resigned from tlie tax board to assume the duties of 
Assistant Secretary of State, to which office he v,-as 
appointed on April 5th, 1915. By virtue of his office he 
is Commissioner of the Motor Vehicle Department, 
His term will expire in 1920. 

In politics Mr. Dill has always been an ardent 
Democrat and is regarded as one of the best organizers 
within the ranks of his party. His acquaintance is 
State wide. He is at present secretary of the Demo- 
cratic State Committee. 
22 



338 BIOGRAPHIES. 

State Treasurer. ^ 

WILLIAM THACKARA READ, Camden. 

Senator Read was born in Camden, N. J., Novem- 
ber 22d, 1878, and is a counsellor-at-law of New Jer- 
sey. He was educated in the public schools of Cam- 
den and William Penn Charter School of Philadel- 
phia and was graduated from the University of Penn- 
sylvania in 1900 with degree of Bachelor of Science. 
He was registered as a law student in the office of J. 
Willard Morgan, former State Comptroller, and at- 
tended the Law School of the University of Pennsyl- 
vania. He was admitted to the bar of New Jersey as 
an attorney at the November term, 1903, and as a 
counsellor three years later. Since his admission he 
has practiced law at Camden. He is vice-piesident 
of the First National Bank of Camden, and solicitor 
of the Mutual Building and Loan Association of Cam- 
den; a director of the West Jersey Trust Company of 
Camden, member of the New Jersey Society of Penn- 
sylvania, of the New Jersey State Bar Association, 
and of the American Bar Association, and has been 
district examiner of the Board of Education of the 
city of Camden over eight years; has been solicitor 
of the borough of Riverton from January 1st, 1910 to 
1919. In March, 1909, he was appointed second lieu- 
tenant of the Third Regiment, N. G. N. J., and as- 
signed to the First Battalion as Quartermaster and 
Commissary. In 1909, '10, '11 he was an expert rifle- 
man, a member of the Third Regiment rifle team 1910- 
11, and a member of New Jersey State Rifle Team, 1910. 
In the spring of 1913 he was appointed to serve on the 
staff of Adjutant-General Sadler with the rank of Ma- 
jor. In May, 1917, he was appointed an Assistant In- 
spector General of Rifle Practice on the staff of Gen- 
eral Spencer, with the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel, and 
in 1918 was promoted to the rank of Colonel. He 
is a member of Camden Lodge, No. 15. F. and A. M., 
Siloam Chapter, Van Hook Council, Excelsior Con- 
sistory 32d Degree, Tall Cedars of Lebanon and Cres- 
cent Temple. He is also a member of the American 
Academy of Political and Social Science, and the Union 
League of Philadelphia. In 1911 he was elected to the 
Senate by a plurality of 1,255 over French, Democrat, 



BIOGRAPHIES. 339 

and in 1914 his plurality over Bleakly, Democrat, was 
increased to 9,530. 

He was also a member of the Jury Reform Commis- 
sion. He was minority leader on the floor of the Sen- 
ate in 1913 and 1914, and majority leader in 1915. He 
was President of the Senate in 1916 and discharged 
the duties of the office with much ability and im- 
partiality. He resigned the office of State Senator on 
March 29th, and became State Treasurer on April 1st. 
His term is three years and will expire April 1st, 
1919. His salary is $6,000 per annum. 



State Comptroller. 

NEWTON ALBERT KENDALL BUGBEE, Trenton. 

Mr. Bugbee was born at Minneapolis, Minn., on April 
21st, 1876. He is the son of Alvin Newton and Lucy 
Kendall Bugbee. 

At about the age of twelve (12) years he moved, 
with his parents, to Templeton, Mass., where he fin- 
ished his education in the public schools of that town. 

At the age of eighteen (18) he started his business 
career at the Edge Moor Bridge Works, Wilmington, 
Del., and came to Trenton about twenty (20) years 
ago and entered the employ of the New Jersey Steel 
and Iron Co., from which position he resigned to 
start in business for himself, on January 1st, 1904. 

He is secretary and treasurer of the Newton A. K. 
Bugbee Co., Inc., structural iron work contractors. 
The company occupies a prominent position in the 
business world and Mr. Bugbee, himself, is very ac- 
tive in public affairs and all that tends toward the 
prosperity of the nation. He is a director of the Me- 
chanics National Bank of Trenton; w^as elected chair- 
man of the Republican State Committee in Septem- 
ber, 1913, and re-elected three years later. He wielded 
much influence in the great Republican victories in 
New Jersey in 1916, 1917 and 1918. 

Mr. Bugbee was elected State Comptroller in a joint 
meeting of the Legislature, held oh January 30th, 1917, 
for a term of three years in succession to Edward I. 
Edwards. His term will expire February 20th, 1920, 
and his salary is $6,000 per annum. 



340 BIOGRAPHIES. 

State Purchasing Agent. 

EDWARD E. GROSSCUP, Wenonah. 

Mr. Grosscup was born in Bridgeton, Cumberland 
county, August 2, 1860, and is a son of the late Charles 
C. and Anna D. Grosscup. The father, Charles C. 
Grosscup, was a member of the Legislature in 1870 
and 1871. 

Mr. Grosscup, the subject of this sketch, has been 
prominent in Democratic politics in New Jersey for 
years. In 1896 he was the candidate of his party in 
Cumberland county for sheriff and in 1898 was the 
Democratic nominee in the same county for State Sen- 
ator against Governor Edward C. Stokes. 

In 1899 Mr. Grosscup changed his residence from 
Cumberland to Gloucester county and in the latter 
county in 1906 was the opponent of ex-Senator J. 
Boyd Avis for the Assembly. In 1908 Mr. Grosscup 
was the Democratic candidate for Congress in the 
first district against Congressman Henry C. Louden- 
slager. For years Mr. Grosscup served as a member 
of the State Board of Education. He is at present a 
member of the Democratic State Committee, represent- 
ing Gloucester county, and while a resident of Cum- 
berland county served in a similar capacity as rep- 
resentative of that county. 

Mr. Grosscup is extensively engaged in real estate 
operations. Governor Wilson nominated him as a 
member of the State Board of Equalization of Taxes 
on April 20, 1911, for a term of five years and he was 
immediately confirmed by the Senate. 

He resigned that office to assume the duties of State 
Treasurer, for which he was chosen by a joint meet- 
ing of the Legislature held on January 28th, 1913. 
On August 24th, 1911, he was elected Chairman of the 
Democratic State Committee, was re-elected in 1913-16, 
and resigned in 1918. He rendered very effective ser- 
vice to his party during the Presidential campaign. of 
1912, and in the Gubernatorial campaign of 1913, and 
also did hard work in the Presidential and Guberna- 
torial campaign of 1916. He was nominated as Pur- 
chasing Agent by Governor Fielder March 21st, 1916, 
and unanimously confirmed by the Senate on the 
twenty-ninth of that month. His term will expire 
April 1st, 1921, and salary $5,000 a year. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 341 

Attorney-General. 

John Wesley Wescott, of Camden, served in this 
office five years, his term expiring- January 26th, 1919. 
His successor had not been appointed when this part 
of the Manual went to press. See addenda. 



Assistant Attorney-General. 

HERBERT BOGGS, Newark. 

Mr. Bog-gs was born at Swedesboro, New Jersey. 
He graduated from Rutgers College, and studied law 
with the firm of Parker & Keasbey of Newark; was 
admitted as attorney-at-law in November, 1876, and 
as counselor in November, 1879, Since his admission 
to the bar, he has practiced his profession and re- 
sided in Newark. He was appointed assistant at- 
torney-general in March, 1914, to succeed Nelson B. 
Gaskill. He was city attorney of Newark from April, 
1900, to January, 1903, and again from 1911 until his 
appointment as assistant attorney-general. 



Adjutant-General. 

FREDERICK GILKYSON, Trenton. 

General Gilkyson was born in Yardley, Pa., Decem- 
ber 1st, 1868, He is the son of Colonel Stephen R. 
Gilkyson who commanded the 6th Regiment, Infantry, 
New Jersey Volunteers, Civil War. He was educated 
in the Trenton public schools, and entered the em- 
ploy of the Pennsylvania Rajlroad Company in 1884, 
resigning in 1905 as Assistant Freight Agent, Tren- 
ton, to accept the office of Vice President and General 
Manager of the Bellmark Pottery Company, Trenton. 

The General served as clerk to the Trenton Park 
Board Commissioners; Tax Receiver, city of Trenton, 
for two terms, 1904-1908, and was appointed Commis- 
sioner of Public Roads, January 22d, 1908, for a term 
of three years. 

General Gilkyson entered the National Guard of the 
State as private. Company A, 7th Regiment, March 2d, 
1885; commissioned Battalion Adjutant, July 9th, 1894; 



342 BIOGRAPHIES. 

subsequently served as Adjutant, 2d Regiment; Ad- 
jutant-General, 2d Brigade, and was appointed As- 
sistant Adjutant-General of the State, with the rank 
of Colonel, December 30th, 1907. During- tae Spanish- 
American War, Colonel Gilkyson served as Battalion 
Adjutant, 4th Regiment, New Jersey National Guard 
Volunteer Infantrj^; honorably discharged April 6th, 
1899. 

Upon the declaration of war, April 6th, 1917, Gen- 
eral Gilkyson was detailed to duty in the Adjutant- 
General's office, and assigned as Chief of the Bureau 
of Enrollment and in charge of the operation of the 
Selective Service law, and appointed Acting Adjutant- 
General, July 25th, 1917, vice Brigadier General Charles 
W. Barber, mustered into the Federal service. On 
February 27th, 1918, he was nominated as Adjutant- 
General and was promptly confirmed by the Senate. 



Q,uarlerniaster-General. 

C. EDWARD MURRAY, Trenton. 

General Murray was born in LambertvlUe, N. J., July 
17th, 1863. He is the only son of J. Howard Murray and 
Wilhelmina Solliday Murray, and came to Trenton with 
his parents in 1865. He received his education at the State 
Model School and the Stewart Business Colleffe. In 1883 
he became associated with his father In the mechanical 
rubber manufacturlne: business. In 1892 he became sole 
proprietor of the business, and to-day has other large 
manufacturing interests. From boyhood he has taken a 
great deal of interest in affairs of the city of Trenton, as 
well as the Republican party, and in 1894 he was elected 
City Clerk, which office he kept until he declined re-elec 
tion in 1904. In 1900 he represented the Second Congres- 
sional District as alternate to the National Republican 
Convention and in 1904 was elected a delegate to represent 
the Fourth Congressional District at the National Repub- 
lican Convention. 

His military career began with his enlistment In Com- 
pany A. Seventh Regiment, N. G. N. J.. December 12, 1885. 
On June 30. 1890. the late Brigadier-General William H. 
Sklrm. then Colonel of the Seventh Regiment. N. G. N. J., 
appointed him Paymaster of the Regiment with the rank 
of first lieutenant. On June 30, 1895, he was commissioned 



BIOGRAPHIES. 343 

Captain and Paymaster. On May 2, 1899, he was retired 
under the act reorganizing the National Guard. March 8, 
1905, Governor Edward C. Stokes appointed him Quarter- 
master-General, to succeed the late Brevet Major-General 
Richard A. Donnelly, and was commissioned Brigadier- 
General April 5, 1905. 

General Murray Is one of the best known and most pop- 
ular amonff the public men of Trenton. He has distin- 
guished himself as a leader of his party and many of Its 
victories m Trenton and Mercer county are mostly to his 
credit. He has a host of friends among people of all 
shades of political opinion, and as an employer of labor he 
stands high in the estimation of wage workers. 



Selective Service Department. 

MAHLON REID MARGERUM, Major U. S. A., Trenton. 

Major Margerum was born in Trenton October 28th, 
1856. He was educated in Trenton public schools and 
graduated from the Rider-Moore and Steward Busi- 
ness College. He has been closely associated with 
Trenton's business and political activities; was a mem- 
ber of the National Guard of tlie State of New Jersey 
for twenty-five years; enlisted as a private, rising to 
the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel. He served on the 
staffs of Major-General Peter F. "VYanser, Brigadier- 
Generals Quincey O'Mara Gilmore and Dennis F. Col- 
lins, also on the staffs of Governors Edward Casper- 
Stokes and Walter Evans Edge. He was commissioned 
a Major in the United States Army on December 4th, 
1917, and detailed to Governor Walter E. Edge as Aide 
in the operation of the Selective Service Regulations. 



Clerk of tlie Supreme Court. 

ENOCH L. JOHNSON, Atlantic City. 

Mr. Johnson, who was appointed Clerk of the Su- 
preme Court of New Jersey by Governor Edge in 1918, 
was born in Atlantic county, New Jersey, January 20th, 
1883, is the son of the late Smith E. Johnson, who was 
elected four times as Sheriff of Atlantic county. 



f 



344 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Mr. Johnson was educated in the public schools of 
Atlantic City and Mays Landing-. He began his career 
in politics at an early ag^e, being employed in the 
sheriff's office of Atlantic county as clerk and under- 
sheriff for a period of ten years. He developed rapidly 
in politics and was elected Sheriff of Atlantic county 
in 1908. Shortly after t.ie conclusion of his term he 
was chosen by the Board of Freeholders of Atlantic 
county for County Collector. He has been Secretary 
of the Atlantic County Republican Executive Commit- 
tee for fourteen years. In addition to his political 
career Mr. Johnson has been active in business circles 
in Atlantic City and county. He is one of the owners 
of the Atlantic County Record, a weekly paper printed 
and published at the county seat of Atlantic county. 
He is also Secretary of the Atlantic Real Estate and 
Investment Company, taking an important part in 
the development of Atlantic City real estate. He is a 
member of the Masonic and Elks Lodges. His term 
will expire in 1923. His salary is $6,000 a year. 



Clerk in Chancery. 

ROBERT H. McADAMS, Elizabeth. 

Mr. McAdams was born at Millstone, Middlesex 
county, New Jersey, July 18th, 1874, and is an at- 
torney and counselor-at-law; he studied law with 
Honorable Frederick C. Marsh at Elizabeth, and is 
a graduate of the New York Law School; was ad- 
mitted to the bar as an attorney November, 1900, 
and as a counselor June, 1909, and began and is still 
actively engaged in the practice of his profession 
at Elizabeth, with offices in the Kean building. He 
has always been actively and prominently identified 
with the Democratic party. He was a candidate for 
state senator from Union county in 1911, and was 
defeated by Senator Carlton B. Pierce. On March 
13th, 1913, he was appointed by Governor "Wilson as 
Judge of the Elizabeth District Court, serving until 
April. 1914, when appointed by Governor James F. 
Fielder as clerk in Chancery, succeeding Senator 
Samuel K. Bobbins. Judge McAdams' term as clerk 
in Chancery will expire on April 15th, 1919. The 
salary is $6,000. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 345 

Keeper of the State Prison. 

JAMES H. MULHERON, Trenton. 

Mr. Mulheron was born in 1854, of Scotch-Irish par- 
ents, in Greenwich Village, New York City, and moved 
to Jersey City with parents in 1860. He attended 
public schools No, 1 and No. 2 in that city, and then 
learned the potters' art. 

He moved to Trenton in 1878, and was connected 
with the Cook Pottery as secretary and manager until 
retiring from that firm in 1910. He was elected to 
the Common Council of Trenton in 1886 and served 
three years in that body, and while a member helped 
reorganize the police department and inaugurated the 
patrol system; helped establish the fire department, 
park system and electric lighting for the city. He 
served in the Legislature in 1891 from the old Second 
District of Mercer county; as Tax Commissioner for 
five years, and as chairman of Republican County Com- 
mittee for seven years. He was appointed by Gov- 
ernor Edge Principal Keeper of the New Jersey State 
Prison, January 29th, 1917, was confirmed next day, 
and resigned the chairmanship of the Republican 
county Committee, February 1st, He is a member of 
the Republican Club of Trenton, Carteret Club, 
Knights of Pythias, Brotherhood of the Union, Elks, 
and Fraternal Lodge of Masons and a member of 
Crescent Temple. 

His term of office will expire January 30th. 1922, and 
salary $3,500 and maintenance. 



State Librarian. 

John P. Dullard was appointed to this office February 
2d, 1914, for a term of five years. He served until his 
term expired on February 2d, 1919. His successor was 
not named when this part of the Manual went to press. 
See addenda. 



346 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Commissioner of Banking and Insurance. 

FRANK H. SMITH, Plainfield. 

Mr. Smith, was born in Pawcatuck, Conn., May 26th, 
1869, and has resided in Plainfield for thirty-seven 
years, at present at 707 West Eighth street. 

He is president of the Rahway National Bank, vice 
president of the Lawrence Portland Cement Company, 
of Siegfried, Pa., and sales manager of the Lawrence 
Cement Co., 1 Broadway, New York, N. Y. 

He recently resigned as director of the Plainfield 
Trust Company, director, member of the executive 
committee and of the investment committee of the 
Eagle Fire Insurance Company of Newark, N. J. 

He has served as president of the Plainfield Com- 
mon Council, Tax Collector of Plainfield and Register 
of Deeds for Union county. For ten years he was 
chairman of the Union County Republican Committee, 
and is, at the present time, chairman of the Executive 
Committee. 

Mr. Smith was appointed by Governor Edge, No- 
vember 13th, 1917, Commissioner of Banking and In- 
surance to fill a vacancy caused by the resignation 
of George M. La Monte, and took possession of the 
office on December 1st. He was nominated for a full 
term of office and confirmed by the Senate in 1918 
His term will expire i-n 1921. His salary is $6,000. 



Commissioner Department of I^abor. 

(The Bureau of Industrial Statistics is merged with 
this Department.) 

LEWIS T. BRYANT, Atlantic City. 

Colonel Bryant was born In J'lly, 1874, in Atlnntic 
county, N. J. He was graduated trom the Pennsylvania 
Military College at Chester, Pa., with the degree of civil 
engineer; was admitted to the New Jersey bar In 1898; 
mustered Into the United States Volunteer Army as Cap- 
tain of Company F, Fourth New Jersey Volunteer In- 
fantry July 14th: promoted to Major In the same regi- 
ment In the spring of 1899. and was made Assistant In- 
spector General of the National Guard of New Jersey, 
with the rank of Lieutenant Colonel, in the spring of 1899, 



BIOGRAPHIES. 347 

which position he stills holds. On January 8th, 1904. the 
Colonel was appointed Inspector of Factories and Work 
shops, to fill a vacancy caused by the resignation of John 
C. Ward. The title of the office was changed to that of 
Commissioner of Department of Labor by an act of the 
Legislature, and on March ?4th, 1904. the Colonel was ap- 
pointed as such by Governor Murphy, and was confirmed 
by the Senate on the next day for a term of three years, 
at $2,500 a year. In 1907 he was given another term 
by Governor Stokes at a salary of $3,500. and he was 
reappointed by Governor Fort in 1910. On February 
18th, 1913, Governor Wilson appointed the Colonel for 
another term of office. The Colonel served as secretary 
of the New Jersey Commission. Louisiana Purchase Ex- 
position, from December 9. 1903, until the end. He is 
identified with the hotel interests in Atlantic City. His 
term is three years, and his salary is $6,000 per annum. 
He served as secretary of the Jamestown Exposition 
Commission. He was re-appointed by Governor Edge. 
His term will expire September 2d, 1921. 



Assistant Coininlssloner Department of T.oltor. 

JOHN 1. HOLT, Trenton. 

Mr. Holt was born at Hawthorn, a suburb of Paterson, 
December 4. 1851, and is a watchmaker by trade. For 
nearly twenty-five years he carried on the business as a 
dealer In clocks, watches, <Src.. in the city of Paterson. 
He served as a member of the Board of Education for six 
years and was president of that body during the last two 
years of his term. In 1885 he was elected Alderman from 
the First ward and was re-elected In 1887. In 1888 he was 
president of the Board. Mr. Holt was an Assemblyman 
from Passaic county In 1889 and 1893 and '94. He served as 
Speaker in the latter year, and at the close of the session 
he resigned so as to qualify himself for Riparian Com- 
missioner, in which office he served for five years. He 
was appointed Assistant Commissioner of the Labor De- 
partment in 1?)05 and re-appointed several times. His 
salary is $3,000 a year. 



348 BIOGRAPHIES. 

State Board of Taxes and Assessment. 

FRANK B. JESS, President, Haddon Heig-hts. 
Mr. Jess was born in Philadelphia, Pa., November 3d, 
1870, and Is a lawyer by profession. He began news- 
paper work as a reporter In 1887, subsequently went 
to Philadelphia as news editor of "The Call," since 
suspended, then became successively news editor. 
Washington correspondent and financial editor of 
"The Bulletin." He was admitted to the New Jersey 
Bar in 1897, having studied law under the supervision 
of his brother, the late William H. Jess. He was a 
member of Council of the borough of Haddon Heights 
from its Incorporation, in 1904, to January 1st, 1906, 
and of the Board of Education of Haddon township 
from 1902 till the organization of the Board of Educa- 
tion of Haddon Heights in 1904, and is still a member 
of the latter board. At present he Is Solicitor of the 
borough of Haddon Heights. Mr. Jess served two 
terms, 1907-1908, as an Assemblyman from Camden 
county, and in the latter year he was speaker, when 
he won high commendation as a presiding officer. He 
was appointed Chief Examiner of the Civil Service 
Board on May 8. 1908, and served In that capacity 
until April 16. 1909, when he was nominated and con- 
firmed as a member of the State Board of Equaliza- 
tion of Taxes. He was appointed president of the 
board in 1910, to succeed Carl Lentz, for a term of five 
years. In 1915 he was re-appointed, and upon the 
creation of the new Board of Taxes and Assessment 
Mr. Jess was appointed a member and confirmed by 
the Senate for a term of two years at a salary of 
$3,000 per annum. He was re-appointed by Governor 
Edge in 1917, and on February 28th, 1918, was ap 
pointed by the same Governor as President of the 
Board, for a full term, beginning July 1st, at a salary 
of $4,000, which will expire July 1st, 1921. 

FREDERIC A. GENTIEU, Pennsgrove. 

Frederic A. Gentieu was born in Brooklyn, N. Y., 
February 10th, 1872. At the age of six he moved with 
his father to Wilmington, Del, He was educated in the 
public schools of said city, after which he took up the 
study of carpentry and architecture, finishing his 
course with Joseph Seeds & Son, of Wilmington, Del. 

In 1891 he accepted the position of Supervising Fore- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 349 

man of the erection of the first smokeless powder plant 
built in the United States by the E. I. du Pont de 
Nemours Powder Company, at Carnej-'s Point, N. J. 
He continued in this position until 1899, when he ac- 
cepted a position in the chemical laboratory at this 
plant, to study chemistry and the manufacture of gun- 
cotton and smokeless, powder under the personal in- 
struction of the Messrs. du Pont. He continued in 
this department until 1905, when he accepted a posi- 
tion as Assistant Superintendent of the above works, 
which position he still continues to hold. 

In politics he has always been a Republican, and 
cast his first vote in Penns Grove for the incorporation 
of the borough in 1894. He has always taken an ac- 
tive interest in borough affairs, and was largely in- 
strumental for the introduction of the high school de- 
partment in the borough. 

He was elected to the Board of Education, and 
served two terms from March 17th, 1903, to March 17th, 
1908, and was President of the board for three years, 
from March 27th, 1905. 

He ran for Mayor of the borough on the Republican 
ticket in 1907, and was elected. In 1909 he ran to 
succeed himself, and was again elected by an increased 
majority. 

He is a Past State Commander of the Sons of Vet- 
erans of New Jersey; Past Camp Commander of Camp 
33. Sons of Veterans; Past District President of the 
Patriotic Order Sons of America; Past President of 
Camp No. 47, P. O. S. of A.; Past Master of Penns 
Grove Lodge, No. 162. Free and Accepted Masons; a 
member of the Knights of the Golden Eagle and other 
organizations. He is also President of the Penns 
Grove Progressive Club. 

In 1908 he was an Alternate Delegate representing 
the First Congressional district at the Republican 
Convention at Chicago. He had always been a Re- 
publican until 1912, when he joined the ranks of the 
Progressive (Roosevelt) party. At the primaries of 
1913 he was elected State Committeeman representing 
Salem county in the Progressive (Roosevelt) party. 

He served as a member of the old Board of Asses- 
sors, having been appointed in 1913, until July 1st, 
1915, when he became a member of the new Board of 
Taxes and Assessment. Governor Fielder appointed 
him to the latter board for a term of two years. His 



350 BIOGRAPHIES. 

salary is $3,000 per annum. He was re-appointed by 
Governor Edge in 1917 and his term will expire July 
1st, 1920. 

GEORGE T. BOUTON, Jersey City. 

Mr. Bouton was born in the Bergen section of Jersey 
City in 1854, and is the son of John J. and Jean Eraser 
Bouton, who were among the early settlers of that 
division of the State now designated as Hudson county. 

Mr. Bouton was educated at home in the public 
schools of his city and at Hasbrouck Institute, from 
which he graduated in 1869. He first entered municipal 
life in 1878, when he was attached to the tax depart- 
ment of his home city, and resigned in 1885 to accept 
a position with the newly appointed State Board of 
Assessors, being engaged to assist in the preparation 
of the first schedules for railroad assessment, shortly 
after the completion of which work he was appointed 
as Chief Clerk of the Board of Street and Water Com- 
missioners of Jersey City, serving uninterruptedly 
through different political administrations until July 
1st, 1911, when he, notwithstanding the urgings of the 
officers of local government, voluntarily retired. 

In 1913, Mr. Bouton was appointed by Governor 
Fielder as a member of the former Board of Equaliza- 
tion of Taxes, which expired by reason of legislative 
enactment, whereupon he was again appointed by 
Governor Fielder to his present position, and was re- 
appointed in 1916. His present term expires July 1st, 
1919. 

ALOXZO DIVERS HERRICK, Hackettstown. 

Mr. Herrick was born at Washington, N. J., on 
June 8th, 1873. His family, which traces back to 
Erick the Forester, of Denmark, located in Washing- 
ton in 1867. He is a grower and florist at Hacketts- 
town, and his election to the Legislature in 1914 was 
his first candidacy for public office. Mr. Herrick be- 
longs to the Masonic Order, tlie Elks, P. O. S. of A., 
Knights of Pythias, and is an officer of St. James 
Episcopal Church. 

He served four consecutive years as an Assembly- 
man an honor never before accorded to any other 
Assemblyman from Warren county since the adoption 
of the new constitution in 1844. The vote he received 



BIOGRAPHIES. 351 

at the election in 1917 was a most emphatic endorse- 
ment of his legislative record, and was the highest 
accorded to any Democratic candidate. His great rec- 
ord in advocating constructive legislation and his in- 
terests in the Good Roads movement, particularly in ^o 
far as same effects the northern counties of the State, 
met with much commendation and attracted wide- 
spread attention. He served three years as a member 
of the Commission for the Survey of Municipal Financ- 
ing. He was appointed a member of the Board of 
Taxes and Assessment for a full term of three years 
by Governor Edge, February 27th, 1918, and was 
promptly confirmed by the Senate. 

HARRY W. MUTCHLER, Rockaway. 

Mr. Mutchler was born at Asbury, N. J., October 
8th, 1862, and is a traveling salesman. He has resided 
in Morris county practically all his life. When a young 
man he attended the Phillipsburg High School. His 
first employment was as clerk in a general store at 
New Foundland, N. J., where he remained seven years, 
and next he became acting manager for Lawrence & 
King, at Stanhope, N. J., and subsequently was em- 
plo5ed by the Richards Beach Company, at Hibernia, 
for seven years as bookkeeper, and for over twenty 
years has been a traveling salesman for Edward D 
Depew & Co., wholesale grocers, of New York City. 
This firm having retired, he is now associated with J. 
S. Sills & Sons. 

Mr. Mutchler is a member of Acacia Lodge, No. 20, 
F. & A. M.; Citizens Lodge, No. 144, I. O. O. F. ; 
Jr. O. U, A. M. ; and he is also a member of the Rock- 
away Fire Department and Board of Trade, and a di- 
rector of the Rockaway First National Bank and trus- 
tee of Dover General Hospital. He was a member of 
the Borough Council of Rockaway and served as Mayor 
two terms, 1908 to 1912. 

He served three years as a member of the House of 
Assembly and in 1916 was elected to the State Senate 
by a plurality of 1,876 over James J. Lyons, Dem. He 
served two years of his term when he resigned the 
office to accept membership of the Board of Taxation 
and Assessment to which he was appointed by Gover- 
nor Edge, February 27th, 1918, for a full term of three 
years, and was promptly confirmed by the Senate. 



352 BIOGRAPHIES. 

FRANK D. SCHROTH, Secretary, Trenton. 
Mr. Schroth was born in Trenton, October 18th, 
1884, and has always resided there. He is a son of 
the late Assemblyman, John Schroth, and like his 
father, has always been actively interested in public 
affairs. Mr. Schroth is a newspaper man by profes- 
sion, having- been connected with the Trenton True 
American while a morning- paper, correspondent for 
several out of town papers, and general legislative 
reporter for the Trenton Evening Times up to the 
time of his appointment as Secretary of the State 
Board of Taxes and Assessment. Mr. Schroth was 
secretary to Prosecutor A. M. Beekman of Somerset 
county wihen the latter was Speaker of the House of 
Assembly, during the session of 1914. Later he was 
appointed State Supervisor of Census by the late 
David S. Crater, Secretary of State, and was retained 
in that position by Secretary of State Thomas F. 
Martin, until the work was finally completed. Mr. 
Schroth was appointed secretary on December 14th, 
1915, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Irvine 
E. Maguire. 

FRANK A. O'CONNOR, Clerk and Field Secretary, 
West Orange. 

Mr. O'Connor was born in the city of New York, Au- 
gust 25th, 1867, and is a master plumber. He was 
graduated at St. John's School, Orange, N. J. He was 
Town Assessor, 1894 to 1904; Collector, 1904 to 1912 in- 
clusive, and was again re-elected in 1912. He was the 
first Assessor to tax gas, water, telephone, trolley and 
other public service corporations and advocate right of 
way and franchise taxes, and first Assessor to make 
inspection of New York city tax rolls and discover 
hundreds of thousands of dollars being sworn off in 
that city by men giving New Jersey as their legal resi- 
dence, where, they had only summer homes, and paid, 
in many cases, not even a poll tax, with the result of 
adding such sums to New Jersey ratables. 

Mr. O'Connor has been a life long Democrat, and for 
many years served on the State Committee list of 
speakers. He was an Alternate Delegate to the Na- 
tional Democratic Convention at Denver in 1908, from 
the Ninth Congressional district. He was appointed 
clerk of the State Board of Equalization of Taxes in 



BIOGRAPHIES. 353 

April, 1913, and served in that office until July 1st, 

1915, A\ 'len he became Field Secretary of the New 
Board of Taxes and Assessment. 



Bonrd of Public Utility Commissioners. 

JOHN WEBLEY SLOCUM, President. Long Branch. 

Judge Slocum was born April 23d, 1867, at Long 
Branch, N. J., and he has always made that city 
his home. The name of his ancestor, John Slocum, 
appears in the old records May, 1668, as one of the 
associate patentees of Monmouth county. He was ad- 
mitted to practice as an attorney-at-law of this State 
in June, 1888, and as counselor four years later. Mr. 
Slocum served as city solicitor of Long Branch for 
eight years and was elected Senator from Monmouth 
county in November, 1911. He was chosen president 
of the Senate for the session of 1914, and sworn in 
as acting governor of the State during Governor Field- 
er's western trip in June of that year. 

He is a member of the American Bar Association, 
the New Jersey Bar Association, Trustee of the Mon- 
mouth County Bar Association and a member of the 
Monmouth County Historical Association. He is also 
a large stockholder in the Long Branch Daily Record 
and the president of that corporation. 

At the expiration of his term as Senator. Governor 
James F. Fielder appointed him Judge of the Mon- 
mouth Common Pleas Court. He resigned this po- 
sition May 1st, 1915, to accept the appointment on the 
Board of Public Utility Commissioners. He was made 
President of the Board in May, 1918, upon the resigna- 
tion of Ralph W. E. Donges. In politics he is a Demo- 
crat and his term will expire May 1st, 1921. His salary 
is $7,500 a year. 

ALFRED S. MARCH, New Brunswick. 

Mr. March was born in New Brunswick on March 
4th, 1876; graduated from the New Brunswick public 
schools; studied law with the firm of Van Cleef, Daly 
& Woodbridge, until its dissolution, and then with Hon. 
James H. Van Cleef; was admitted to the bar in 1900; 
practiced in New Brunswick, having offices with Hon. 
Robert Adrain for several years; subsequently he be- 
23 



354 BIOGRAPHIES. 

came associated with Hon. Freeman Woodbridge, in 
the firm of Woodbridge & March, until the former's ap- 
pointment as Judge of the District Court of New 
Brunswick, when the firm was dissolved, since which 
time he has practiced in New Brunswick, N. J. He 
is a Counselor-at-Law, Special Master in Chancery 
and Supreme Court Commissioner. He was Township 
Counsel of Woodbridge township, and was elected City- 
Attorney of the city of New Brunswick in 1909, but 
did not accept the appointment. He served in the 
Board of Aldermen of the city of New Brunswick and 
was a member, as well as Secretary, of New Bruns- 
wick Advisory Water Commission. He has been par- 
ticularly interested in civic activities in the city of 
New Brunswick. He was appointed by Governor Edge, 
in 1917, a member of the Board of Public Utility Com- 
missioners, in succession to John J. Treacy, for a term 
of six years. His term will expire in 1923. In politics 
he is a Republican. His salary is $7,500 per annum. 

GEORGE FAIRHURST WRIGHT. Paterson. 

Mr. Wright was born in Paterson on February 26th, 
1873. His education was received in the public schools 
of his native city. He was elected to the Assembly 
in 1904 from Passaic county, and served two terms. 
In June, 1907, he was appointed for two years as a 
member of the State Water Supply Commission by 
Governor Stokes. In 1909 he was reappointed for the 
full term of five years by Governor Fort. He was 
elected President of the Commission for the year 1914. 
Mr. Wright became a member of the State Republican 
Committee in 1912 and has continued as such to the 
present time, being now its Vice Chairman. 

On January 1st, 1916, he became Receiver of Taxes 
of the city of Paterson. In 1916 he was appointed a 
member of the North Jersey District Water Supply 
Commission for the term of one year by Governor 
Fielder. In 1917 he was re-appointed for the full term 
of four years by Governor Edge. He resigned from 
the last two positions in February, 1918, and was 
thereupon appointed by Governor Edge as a member 
of the Board of Public Utility Commissioners for a 
term of six years. His salary is $7,500 per annum. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 355 

ALFRED N. BARBER, Secretary, Trenton. 

Mr. Barber was born In Lambertvllle, N. J., May 
19th, 1867. In 1884 he entered the employ of the New 
Jersey Steel and Iron Company, working for that com- 
pany until It became absorbed by the American Bridge 
Company, when he resigned as contracting agent to 
accept a position in the sales department of John A. 
Roebling-'s Sons Company. He worked in the office 
of the City Clerk of Trenton from April, 1880, to July. 
1884, and served as an Assemblyman from Mercer 
county for three years — 1905, '06 and '07 — and during 
the latter year was Republican leader. Mr. Barber 
was appointed secretary of the Board of Railroad 
Commissioners soon after the creation of that board, 
In 1907. His salary is $4,000. 



Counsel. 

L. EDWARD HERRMANN, Jersey City. 

Mr. Herrmann is a lawyer, was born in Jersey City, 
New Jersey, July 6th, 1876, was educated in the Pub- 
lic Schools of Jersey City, and graduated from the 
Jersey City High School in 1895, from which he 
entered Ncav York University and graduated in 1898. 
Subsequently he attended the New York Law School. 
While a law student he taught In the Night Schools 
of Jersey City, and subsequently became engaged on 
the reportorial staff of the Jersey City News and 
Jersey Journal. He studied law in the offices of John 
L. Keller, John W. Heck and Augustus Zabriskie, and 
was admitted to the bar as an attorney in June, 1901, 
and as a counsellor in November, 1908. In politics 
he is a Democrat and was a member of the Board 
of Education of Jersey City for two terms. He served 
as secretary to Governor James F. Fielder during his 
terms as President of the Senate, Acting-Governor 
and Governor, and succeeded Frank H. Sommer as 
counsel to the Board of Public Utility Commissioners 
of the State of New Jersey in May, 1916. He is a 
member of the University Club of Hudson County, 
Carteret Club and Down Town Club. 



356 BIOGRAPHIES. 

State Civil Service Coiuiiiission. 

JOHN DYNELEY PRINCE, President, Ringwood. 

Professor Prince was born in New York City, 
April 17th, 1868, and is a professor in Columbia Uni- 
versity. He was formerly Dean of the New York Uni- 
versity. He is a Ph.D. from the Johns Hopkins Uni- 
versity, Baltimore, Md. (1892), and has been a volu- 
minous writer on historical, philological and historico- 
legal subjects. The Professor was president of the 
Board of Education of Pompton township, Passaic 
county, 1902-1905, and was re-elected in 1907, and was 
president of the United School Boards of Passaic 
county in 1904. He was a member of the Assembly 
from that county in 1906, 1908 and 1909, and Speaker 
the latter year. In 1909, the Professor was elected 
State Senator from Passaic, and in 1912 was Presi- 
dent of the Senate. He was Acting- Governor for the 
period when Governor Wilson was out of the State. 

Governor Edge, on March 30th, 1917, appointed the 
Professor a member of the Civil Service Commission 
for a term of two years and also as president of that 
body. His salary is $2,500 a year. 

WILLIAM KRUSE DEVEREUX, Asbury Park. 

Mr. Devereux, a native of Trenton, is a son of 
Franklin Devereux, a pioneer Prohibitionist, and one 
of the seven to sign the call- for the first Republican 
meeting held in New Jersey. He is descended in a 
direct line from Conrad Weiser, a missionary among 
the Indians and one of General George Washington's 
trusted scouts. Forced to leave school when a lad, he 
learned tlie printers' trade and later drifted into news- 
paper work. He was one of the founders of the Tren- 
ton Sunday Advertiser, and for sixteen years was part 
owner and editor of the Asbury Park Spray, Mon- 
mouth county's pioneer daily newspaper. For over 
thirty years he has been a legislative correspondent 
and is the head of the Legislative News Bureau. He 
served for seventeen years as secretary of the New 
Jersey State Democratic Committee and coined that 
popular slogan, "Win with Wilson." When the County 
Tax Boards were first established, he was named as a 
member of the Monmouth county board by Governor 
Stokes, and was reappointed by Governors Fort, Wilson 



BIOGRAPHIES. 357 

and Fielder. He is a Past Exalted Ruler of Asbury 
Park Lodge of Elks and a former Councilman of that 
resort. He was appointed a member of the Civil Ser- 
vice Commission by Governor Walter E. Edge on March 
30th, 1917, and was named for a full term in January, 
1918. His salary is $2,000 a year. His term expires in 
1923. 

MAX MILLER, Hoboken. 

Mr. Miller was born in Hoboken, N. J., October 16th, 
1886, and is engaged in the real estate, building and 
contracting business, which he -entered in 1905. He 
was educated in the public schools, and attended pre- 
paratory school and New York University. He was 
elected to the City Council in Hoboken, in 1915, for a 
term of two years, which terminated a year later when 
commission government was adopted in that munic- 
ipality. He was appointed by Governor Edge in De- 
cember, 1917, a member of the Civil Service Commis- 
sion to fill a vacancy caused by the resignation of 
Arthur L. Stillman. He was appointed for a two-year 
term on January 22d, 1918, which expires March 30th, 
1920. 

EDWARD HENRY WRIGHT. Newark. 

Mr, Wright was born in Newark, N. J., February 13th, 
1873, and is a lawyer by profession. He was educated 
at St. Paul's School, Concord, N. H., from 1885 to 1890, 
and entered the Princeton class of 1894. He studied 
lav/ in the office of McCarter, Williamson & McCarter, 
Newark, and the New York Law School, and was ad- 
mitted to the bar of New Jersey, June 21st, 1897. He 
is the grandson of the late United States Senator Wil- 
liam Wright, of New Jersey, and Steven Thomas Ma- 
son, first Governor of Michigan, and is the son of the 
late Colonel Edward H. Wright, aid on the staff of the 
late Generals Winfield Scott and George B. McClellan. 
He was a member of the House of Assembly in 1907, 
and made a good record as a legislator. Governor Wil- 
son appointed Mr. Wright a Civil Service Commissioner 
on February 17th, 1913, for a term of four years. 
Under the new law. Governor Edge appointed him a 
member of the Civil Service Commission on March 30th. 
1917, for the four-year term. His salary is $2,000 i 
year. His term expires in 1921. 



358 BIOGRAPHIES. 

WILLIAM D. NOLAN, Somerville. 

Mr. Nolan was born at Pleasant Grove, Schooley's 
Mountain, Morris county, N. J., November 8th, 1880; 
moved to Somerville in 1888, and attended the public 
schools of Somerville and also Packards Business Col- 
lege in New York. After finishing there he went in 
the employ of the New Jersey Central Railroad, at No. 
143 Liberty street. New York, in 1896, which he quit 
in 1900, and then was given a position by Senator 
Joseph S. Frelinghuysen in the insurance business at 
"William street. New York. Subsequently, started in 
business with Mr. A. C. Swinton and formed the firm 
of Nolan & Swinton, at No. 12 West Main street, Som- 
erville, and No. 1 Liberty street, New York. The part- 
nership was dissolved July 1st, 1911, and Mr. Nolan has 
since conducted the business for himself at No. 12 
West Main street, Somerville. He has taken an active 
part in Somerset county politics in the past fifteen 
years. He was appointed a member of the Civil Ser- 
vice Commission by Governor Edge, March 30th, 1917, 
for the five-year term. His salary is $2,000 a year. 

CHARLES P. MESSICK, Chief Examiner and Secretary, 
Trenton, N. J. 

Mr. Messick was born near Georgetown. Sussex 
county, Delaware, on June 4th, 1882, and received his 
early educational training in the rural schools of that 
county. At the age of seventeen, he began teaching 
in the country schools and continued for a period of 
four years, in the meantime preparing for entrance to 
college. In September, 1903, he entered Delaware State 
College and was graduated from that institution in 
1907, with the degree of A.B. Two years later he re- 
ceived his Master's degree from the same institution, 
and in 1910 received the degree of A.M. from the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania. 

During his college career he was a leader in many 
college activities and won distinction in scholarship, in 
military science and athletics. He is a member of the 
Phi Kappa Phi Honorary Society and of the Sigma Nu 
Fraternity, being the organizer of the local chapter at 
Delaware College. 

After graduation from college he removed to New 
Jersey, and for five years was head of the Department 



BIOGRAPHIES. 359 

of History in the Trenton High School. He has been 
connected with the New Jersey State Civil Service 
Commission since 1910, and has devoted his entire time 
to the work since 1912. As Assistant Chief Examiner 
he has directed and developed the work of the Ex- 
amination Department. In 1914, he was tendered the 
Chief Examinership of the Municipal Civil Service 
Commission of Philadelphia, but chose to remain with 
the New Jersey Commission. 

Mr. Messick was appointed Supervisor of the Tren- 
ton Evening Schools in September, 1916, and has been 
unusually successful in reorganizing and improving 
the evening- school work. On being appointed to his 
present position, he resigned the supervisorship. His 
salary is $4,000 a year. 



State Board of Education. 

MELVIN A. RICE, President, Leonardo, Monmouth Co. 

Mr. Rice was born in New York State, August 13th. 
1871. He was graduated from the State Normal School 
at Cortland in June, 1890. He is president of Donald 
W. MacLeod & Company, importers of flax and jute, 
690 Broadway, New York City. Mr. Rice was ap- 
pointed in 1911 by Governor Wilson, a member of the 
State Board of Education, and his term will expire 
in 1919. 

COL. D. STEWART CRAVEN, Salem. 

Col. Craven was born on a farm near St. Georges, 
Delaware, February 20th, 1873. The family is one of 
Scotch Presbyterian ancestry. He was educated in the 
public schools of Salem (to which city his parents 
moved in 1880), at the Lawrenceville Academy, Law- 
renceville, N. J., and at the Virginia Military Institute. 
Lexington, Va. 

The Salem Glass Works were founded by a relative 
of Col. Craven's, in partnership with two other business 
men of the city, in 1863, and Col. Craven beg-un his 
business career with this industry in 1892. He is nov/ 
vice-president. 

In 1899, General W. J. Sewell, Division Commander 
of the National Guard of N. J., appointed Mr. Craven 



36b BiOGRAiPHlES. 

a member of his staff with the rank of Major. In 
1905, he was appointed assistant quartermaster-general 
with the rank of colonel. 

He was appointed a member of the State Board of 
Education in 1911 by Governor "Wilson, and re-ap- 
pointed by Governor Fielder for the full term, April, 
1916. His term will expire in 1924. 

JOHN P. MURRAY, Jersey City. 

Mr. Murray was born in Jersey City, in 1872. In 
1891 he was graduated from St. Peter's College, Jer- 
sey City, in which city he resides. In 1893 he was 
graduated from the New York Law School and ad- 
mitted to the New York bar. Since then he has 
practiced law in New York City. He was counsel to 
the Senate School Investigation Committee and drafted 
the laws for the re-organization of the State School 
system. He was also counsel for the Economy and 
Efficiency Commission and drafted the laws for the 
consolidation and re-organization of the various State 
departments. He is a Democrat in politics. 

He was appointed a member of the State Board of 
Education in 1911, and in 1912 was re-appointed for 
a term of eig-ht years. His term expires in 1920. 

JOHN CHARLES VAN DYKE, New Brunswick. 

Dr. Van Dyke, university professor, was born^ ir 
New Brunswick, N. J., April 21st, 1856; son of Judge 
John and Mary Dix (Strong) Van Dyke; studied a.-. 
Columbia; studied art in Europe many years, and 
L, H. D., Rutgers, 1889; unmarried. He was admitted 
to the bar in 1877, but never practiced; Librarian, 
Sage Library, New Brunswick, since 1878, and Pro- 
fessor of History of Art, Rutgers, since 1889. Is 
lecturer at Columbia, Harvard and Princeton; a mem- 
ber of the National Institute of Arts and Letters. 
Author of "Books and How to Use Them," "Principles 
of Art," "How to Be Judge of a Picture," "Art For 
Art's Sake," "History of Painting," "Oldi Dutch and 
Flemish Masters," "Modern French Masters," "Nature 
For It's Own Sake," "The Desert," "Old English Mas- 
ters, With Coles' Engravings," "The Meaning of Pic- 
tures," "The Opal Sea," "Studies in Pictures," "The 
Money God," "The New New York." "What Is Art?," 



BIOGRAPHIES. 361 

"New Guides to Old Masters;" Editor of "College His- 
tories of Art," "History of American Art," "The 
Studio," 1883-1884, "American Art Review," "Inter- 
national Quarterly," etc. 

He was appointed a member of the State Board of 
Education in 1911 and re-appointed February 12th, 
1918, for a full term of eight years. 

THOMAS WHITNEY SYNNOTT, Wenonah. 

Mr. Synnott was born at Glassboro, N. J., in 1845. 
He is a son of Myles Synnott, M.D., and Harriet 
Heston Whitney Synnott, and was educated in the 
public schools and West Jersey Academy. Engaged 
in glass manufacturing at Glassboro in 1865, in con- 
nection with the Whitney Glass Works, and became 
the first president of the company when it was later 
incorporated. He retained this position until 1892 
when he retired from active business to devote his 
energies to benevolent work. (The glass works at 
Glassboro were acquired by Colonel Thomas Heston, 
the great-grandfather of the subject of this sketch, at 
the close of the Revolutionary War, and long known 
as Heston's Glassworks. Later the name was changed 
to Whitney Glass Works.) 

Mr. Synnott is a trustee of Lincoln University, of 
Keswick Colony, School for Christian Workers, presi- 
dent of Board of Trustees of Princeton Theological 
Seminary, member of Boardi of Aid for Colleges of 
the Presbyterian Church, and of the Board of Pub- 
lication and Sabbath School Work of the Presbyterian 
Church, and Executive Committee of the World's S. 
S. Work; of the National Institute of Social Sciences 
and of the National Economic League and of the Union 
League of Philadelphia. He is treasurer of the Inter- 
Church Federation of New Jersey; vice-president of 
the New Jersey State S. S. Asso. and of the Lord's 
Day Alliance of the United States and president of 
the Lord's Day Alliance of New Jersey, inember of 
the Sons of the Revolution, of the Society of Colonial 
Wars, vice-president of the General Board of Educa- 
tion of the Presbyterian Church in the U. S. A., and 
trustee of the Presbyterian Home of the Synod of New 
Jersey, president of the First National Bank of Glass- 
boro, N. J., and director in numerous corporations. 



362 BIOGRAPHIES. 

In politics, a Republican. Has never held political 
office. He "was appointed a member of the State 
Board of Education by Governor Fielder and his 
term expires July 1st, 1923. 

ERNEST R. ACKERMAN, Plainfield. 
Mr. Ackerman was elected a member of Congress 
from the Fifth District of New Jersey Noveml^er 5th, 
1918. For biography see page 254. 

ROBERT LYNN COX, Montclair. 

Mr. Cox was born on a farm in Joe Davies county, 
111., November 27th, 1865. He was educated in country 
schools and village high school; went to Buffalo, N. 
Y., when nineteen years of age, and entered the employ 
of the Buffalo School Furniture Company as a ship- 
ping clerk in foundry department; continued in this 
employment for several j-ears and later became super- 
intendent; next associated with his uncle in publish- 
ing and printing business in New York and Buffalo, 
and while engaged in this activity took up the study 
of law; was admitted to the bar in July, 1898, after 
having received from the University of Buffalo the de- 
gree of LL.B., then engaged in general practice of law 
as senior partner successively with the firms of Cox & 
Kimball, Cox, Keiman & Kimball and Cox, Kimball & 
Stowe. He represented the second assembly district 
in the city of Buffalo in the New York Assembly in the 
years 1903, 1904, 1905 and 1906, serving on the Cities, 
General Laws, Codes and Judiciary Committees, and 
was chairman of the last-named committee in 1906. 
He removed to New York in 1907 to accept the posi- 
tion as attorney and secretary of the Association of 
Life Insurance Presidents. Upon the death of Grover 
Cleveland in 1908, Mr. Cox succeeded him as chief 
executive officer of the association under title of gen- 
eral counsel and manager, and continued in this posi- 
tion until end of the year 1916, when he resigned to 
accept the office of third vice-president of the Metro- 
politan Life Insurance Company of New York. 

Mr. Cox is a Royal Arch Mason and Past Master of 
Washington Lodge, No. 240, F. & A. M. of Buffalo, 
N. Y. ; member of the Phi Delta Phi Fraternity, 
American Bar Association, also of the Manhattan and 
Republicans clubs in New York, and member and di- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 363 

rector of the Montclair Golf Club and various other 
clubs in Montclair, N. J., where he has resided for 
several years. He was appointed a member of the 
Board of Education in 1917 by Governor Edge for a 
full term of office, which will expire in 1925. 

OSCAR W. JEFFERY, Englewood. 
Mr. JelTery was born at Washington, New Jersey. 
June 7th, 1872, and is son of Oscar Jeffery and Emma 
L. Jeffery. He was educated at the public schools of 
Washing-ton, the Bordentown Military Institute and 
Princeton University, Class of 1894. He graduated 
from the New York Law School in 1896 and was ad 
mitted to the bar of the State of New York in the same 
year. Since then he has been continuously engaged in 
the practice of law in New York City for years as a 
member of the firm of Wetmore & Jenner, which has 
now been succeeded by Sexton, Jeffrey, Kimball & 
Eggleston. He is a member of the Board of Educa- 
tion of Englewood, and was appointed a member of the 
State Board of Education by Governor Edge February 
27th, 1918, to fill a vacancy caused by the resignation of 
Edgar H. Sturtevant. His term will expire July 1st, 
1922. 



Commis.sioner of Ediicntlon. 

CALVIN N. KENDALL, Princeton. 

Mr. Kendall was born in Augusta, N. Y., February 
8th, 1858. He was graduated from Hamilton College 
with the degree of A.B. in 1882. He has received the 
following honorary degrees: A.M. from Yale in 1900, 
and from the University of Michigan in 1909; Litt.D. 
from Hamilton College in 1911, and from Rutgers 
College in 1912; and LL.D. from New York University 
in 1913. 

As an educator, Mr. Kendall has had a long and suc- 
cessful career. He was a teacher in the rural schools 
of New York State for two years; principal of the 
Jackson High School, Jackson, Mich., 1885 to 1886; 
superintendent of schools in Jackson, 1886 to 1890; 
superintendent of schools, Saginaw, Mich., 1890 to 
1892; superintendent of schools. New Haven, Conn., 
1895 to 1900; superintendent of schools, Indianapolis, 
and a member of the State Board of Education, In- 
diana, 1900 to Julv. 1911. 



364 BIOGRAPHIES. 

In addition to the positions already mentioned, Mr. 
Kendall has been a lecturer at the summer schools of 
the following- universities: Chicago, Indiana, Wiscon- 
sin, Columbia, Iowa, Illinois and California. He has 
been president of the Connecticut Council of Educa- 
tion; president of the Connecticut State Teachers' 
Association; president of the Southern Indiana Teach- 
ers' Association, and president of Indiana State Teach- 
ers' Association. He was also a member of the com- 
mission of three appointed by the United States Com- 
missioner of Education to investigate and report upon 
the Baltimore schools during the spring of 1911. 

Mr. Kendall has been offered the superintendency 
of the schools of Washington, Louisville, Rochester 
and Springfield (Mass.). and since coming to New Jer- 
sey he has twice been offered the superintendency of 
the schools of Detroit. 

He was appointed to his present office by Governor 
Wilson, on July 14th, 1911, and in 1916 he was re- 
appointed by Governor Fielder. His term expires in 
1921, The salary is $10,000 a year. 



State Department of Health. 

WILLIAM H. CHEW, President, Salem. 

Mr. Chew was born in Camden, September l8th, 
1S71, and is the eldest son of the late Sinnickson 
Chew. He received his education, in the private 
schools in Camden and at Rugby Academy, Phila- 
delphia. In 1S90 he engaged in business with his 
father in the publication of the West Jersey Press 
at Camden and the Standard at Salem. He has con- 
tinued in the printing- and publishing business ever 
since, being- president of the Sinnickson Chew & Sons 
Company, of Camden, and the Standard- and Jersey- 
man Company, of Salem. 

Mr. Chew has been connected with the New Jersey 
National Guard since 1908, serving first as captain 
and paymaster of the Third Infantry, then assistant 
paymaster-general, and at present under the re-organi- 
zation of the guard as major and disbursing officer, 
Quartermaster Corps. 

Mr. Chew v^^as chosen the first secretary of the 
New Jersey Forest Park Reservation Commission. In 



BIOGRAPHIES. 365 

1907 he was appointed by Governor Stokes a member 
of the State Sewerage Coinmission and when that 
Commission w^as merged^ with the State Board of 
Health in 1908, he was appointed by Governor Fort 
to that board, and' served until July 1st, 1915, being 
vice-president of the board for the last two years of 
his term. Mr. Chew has for many years taken an 
active interest in public health work and is a member 
of a number of societies. When the present De- 
partment of Health was created Mr. Chew was ap- 
pointed to it by Governor Fielder and when the board 
organized he was elected president of the department. 
He was re-appointed for a full term in 1916, which 
extends to July 1st, 1920. 

DR. HENRY SPENCE, Jersey City. 
Dr. Spence was born at Starkey, N. Y., December 
30ths 1865, where his father. Dr. Byron Spence, began 
the practice of medicine in 1850. Dr. Spence prepared 
for the study of medicine at the Penn Yan Academy, 
Penn Yan, N. Y., where he was graduated in 1886. 
He took further preparation for medicine at Cornell 
University during the years 1888 and 1889, going from 
there to the College of Physicians and Surgeons in 
New York from which he graduated in 1892. Follow- 
ing a year of internship at Christ Hospital in Jersey 
City, 1892, 1893, he took up the practice of medicine 
in Jersey City where he has continued' in the pro- 
fession up to the present time. From 1893 until 1901 
he was assistant visiting surgeon to Christ Hospital, 
following which he was elected to the post of surgeon. 
At present he is visiting surgeon (female division) 
to St. Francis Hospital, lecturer to the Christ Hos 
pital Training School for Nurses, and for the Training 
School for Nurses at the City Hospital, Jersey City. 
Dr. Spence has been president of the Hudson County 
District Medical Society, the Practitioners' Club of 
Jersey City, and the Alumni Association of Christ 
Hospital Internes and is now treasurer of the Society 
of Surgeons of New Jersey, and a director of the 
Chamber of Commerce and chairman of the Public 
Health Committee of Jersey City. He is a member 
of the New Jersey State Medical Society, the Ameri- 
can Medical Association, the New Jersey State Sani- 
tary Association, and of the Citizens' Federation of 



366 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Hudson County and various otiier organizations. He 
was appointed' a member of the State Board of Health 
by Governor Fielder and his term expires July 1st, 
1919. 

DR. J. OLIVER Mcdonald, Trenton. 

Dr. McDonald was born in Englishtown, New Jersey, 
in 1884, and is a son of Charles F. McDonald. He 
g-raduated' from Princeton University and the Col- 
lege of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, 
New York City. He is a mem.ber of the Society of 
the Alumni of the Presbyterian Hospital and of the 
Sloane Hospital for Women in New York City. He 
is engaged in the practice of medicine at Trenton, 
N. J. He was appointed a member of the Department 
of Health in 1915 by Governor Fielder and' his term 
expires July 1st, 1919. 

OLIVER KELLY, Oak Tree, Middlesex County. 

Mr. Kelly was born near Metuchen, Middlesex county, 
N. J., in 1847. He received a common school education, 
and afterward entered the real estate business, which 
he conducted successfully for a number of years both 
in New Jersey and New York. He served as Collector 
of the Port of Perth Amboy until the first Cleveland 
administration, and in April, 1891, was appointed a 
member of the State Board of Assessors f(<r a term of 
four years, and served in that office five years alto- 
gether. For over twenty-seven years he was an active 
member of the Democratic State Committee, and is 
now a member of the Middlesex County Democratic 
Committee. He was Chairman of the Middlesex County 
Board of Elections for several terms. He is also a 
member of the Raritan Township Board of Education. 
Mr. Kelly was appointed a member of the State Board 
of Health by Governor Wilson in 1913 for a term of 
six years, and in 1915 he was appointed a member 
of the new Department of Health by Governor Fielder, 
and re-appointed by Governor Edge in 1918, and his 
term will expire in 1922. 

CLYDE POTTS, C.E., Morristown. 
Mr. Potts was born in Jefferson county, Iowa, No- 
vember 1st, 1876, and was graduated' from the Des 
Moines (Iowa) High School and later entered Cornell 



BIOGRAPHIES. 367 

University. He graduated from Cornell with the Class 
of 1901. Mr. Potts is a civil engineer by profession, 
specializing in sanitary work. Among the large 
number of commissions involving special difficulties 
carried out by him are the sewerage works of Morris- 
town, N. J.; West Haven, Conn., and Patchogue, N. Y. 
He has been employed as a sanitary expert ii. a 
number of important litigations and at the present 
time is so employed by the federal government. 

Mr. Potts is a member of the American Society of 
Civil Engineers; tlie American Public Health Associa- 
tion; the American Water Works Association; the 
New England' Water Works Association, and other 
State and National scientific societies. He is also a 
past president of the New Jersey Sanitary Association. 
He is president of the Cornell Society of Civil Engi 
neers and a member of the Sigma XI. He was ap- 
pointed by Governor Fielder a member of the De- 
partment of Health in 1915. His term will expire 
July 1st, 1921. 

FREDERICK T. CRANE, Orange. 

Mr. Crane was born in Newark, N. J., July 19th, 
1854, and is a civil engineer. He has been city engi- 
neer of the city of Orange, N. J., from 1894 to date. 
He was appointed in 1916 by Governor Fielder a 
member of the Department of Health to succeed Moses 
N. Baker for a term of four years. His term expires 
in 1920. 

HOWARD E. WINTER, V.S., Plainfield. 

Dr. Winter was born at Red Bank, N. J., January 
30th, 1886, and is a veterinarian. He w^as graduated 
from Shrewsbury Academy, Red Bank, in 1902; com- 
pleted a three-year course in New York American 
Veterinary College in 1905, and practiced as an as- 
sistant over four years in New York City. In 1910 
he was graduated from the University of Pennsyl- 
vania in the Department of Veterinary Medicine. He 
has practiced his profession in Plainfield for six 
years. He was appointed a member of the Depart- 
ment of Health by Governor Fielder in 1916 to fill a 
vacancy caused by the death of John M. Everitt. He 
was re-appointed ly Governor Edge in 1918, and his 
term expires in 1922. 



368 BIOGRAPHIES. 

THOMOS B. LEE, M.D., Camden. 

Dr. Lee was born May 19th, 1881, at Glassboro, N. J. 
He was graduated from the Woodbury High School in 
1900, and the Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, 
1905 In 1905-06 he was an intern in the Cooper Hos- 
pital, Camden; was elected Assistant Gynecologist in 
1906, and Gynecologist, 1912, of the same hospital. The 
latter position he now holds and is Consulting Gyne- 
cologist of the Camden County Hospital, physician- 
in-chief of Mary J. Ball Home for Friendless Children, 
and member of the city, county and State medical so- 
cieties, Philadelphia Medical Club and American Medi- 
cal Association. 

From 1906 to 1913 the doctor belonged to the Medi- 
cal Department of the National Guard, N. J., and re- 
signed with the rank of Major. On July 1st, 1917, he 
was appointed a member of the State Board of Health 
by Governor Edge, and his term expires in 1921. 



Director of Health. 

JACOB COLE PRICE, M.D., Branchville. 

Dr. Price was born at Branchville, Sussex county, 
N. J., January 9, 1850. By profession he is a physi- 
cian. His father was a cousin of Governor Rodman 
M. Price, and was an Assemblyman from Sussex 
county in 1861. Dr. Price is a graduate of the Michi- 
gan University and the College of Physicians and 
Surgeons of New York city. He was County Physi- 
cian for Sussex for fifteen years, and has served as 
Mayor, and also Postmaster, at Branchville. He was 
appointed as a member of the Board of Examining 
Surgeons for his Congressional District under the 
McKinley administration. In 1903 Dr. Price was elected 
to the State Senate by a plurality of 758 over Wood- 
ward, Republican, was re-elected in 1906 by a plur- 
ality of 730 over Howell. Republican, and again in 
1909 by a plurality of 1,057 over Hunt, Republican. 
He was the only Senator who was ever given a third 
term in Sussex county. He served on the most im- 
portant committees of the Senate and his record is 
without blemish. He was appointed a member of the 
State Board of Health by Governor Wilson in 1912 



BIOGRAPHIES. 369 

and served one year, when he resigned, and Governor 
Wilson then appointed him Secretary of the board for 
a full term of six years. Upon the creation of the 
new Department of Health the doctor was elected 
director for a term of four years. His term expires 
in 1919. 



Board of Commerce and Navigation. 

J. SPENCER SMITH, President, Tenafly. 

Mr. Smith was born in Sherbrooke, Canada, on July 
7th, 1880. He was brought up in the suburbs of 
Brooklyn, his parents moving to Tenafly in 1899. He 
was elected to the Municipal Council in 1902 and 
served one term. He was elected member of the 
Board of Education March 17th, 1908, and has served 
continuously ever since and is now vice-president of 
the board. 

He was appointed by Governor Wilson, April 7th, 
1911, as member of the Commission to Investigate 
Port Conditions of New York. On April 15th, 1914. 
he was appointed by Governor Fielder as member of 
the New Jersey Harbor Commission. On July 1st, 
1915. he was appointed by Governor Fielder as mem- 
ber of the Board of Commerce and Navigation, and was 
re-appointed by Governor Edge in 1917, and his term 
will expire in 1921. 

RICHARD C. JENKINSON, Vice-President, Newark. 

Mr. Jenkinson was born in Newark, N. J., in 1853. 
After five years training for business in New York, 
he spent a year abroad studying, and on his return 
in 1876 he started the manufacturing business, of 
which he is now the head, R. C. Jenkinson «& Co. He 
ran for Mayor of New^ark on the Republican ticket 
in 1900 and was defeated by the Hon. Jas. M. Sey- 
mour, who was seeking re-election. 

Mr. Jenkinson was elected president of the Newark 
Board of Trade in 1898, and was re-elected later. 
He was one of the vice-presidents of the Pan-Ameri- 
can at Buffalo in 1901, representing the State of New 
Jersey. 

He is a trustee of the New .Jersey Home for Feeble- 
Minded at Vineland, and vice-president of the Board 
24 



370 BIOGRAPHIES. 

of Commerce and Navigation. He is vice-president 
of the Board of Trustees of the Free Public Library 
of Newark, a director in the Iron Bound Trust Co. 
of Newark, and in several other corporations in New 
Jersey and New York. He is also a director in cor- 
porations in Canada. 

Governor "Wilson appointed him a member of the 
New Jersey Harbor Board, and July 1st, 1915, Gover- 
nor Fielder appointed him a member of the Board of 
Commerce and Navigation, and was re-appointed by 
Governor Edge in 1918, and his term will expire in 
1922. 

Mr. Jenkinson was appointed Fuel Administrator for 
NeAV Jersey under the National Government in 1917. 

W. PARKER RUNYON, Perth Amboy. 

Mr. Runyon was born in New Brunswick, N. J., 
December 3d. 1861. He belongs to the French Hu- 
genot family, whose progenitor, Vincent Runyon 
(Rognion), was among the earliest settlers of East 
Jersey. He obtained his education in the public 
schools and Rutgers Preparatory School of the city 
of his birth. Putting aside an ambition to become 
a physician on account of imperfect eyes, he took a 
commercial course at the New Jersey Business Col- 
lege, Newark, N. J., and in 1881 entered that greatest 
of all schools — the business world — where his vital 
personality and pleasing and genial manner have stood 
him in good stead. 

After two or three positions filled successfully, he 
became identified with boat craft, waterfront and 
navigation activities. His father and grandfather, 
each of whom in his turn, owned and operated the 
shipyard which met the needs of the Delaware and 
Raritan Canal at New Brunswick. 

He has been president for more than twenty years 
of the Perth Amboy Dry Dock Company. He, to- 
gether with Mr. Charles D. Snedeker, re-organized the 
concern into a close corporation, and' during his in- 
cumbency the plant has grown from a capacity of 
two marine railwaj's, to one having four dry docks, 
a machine shop and boiler works, ample wharves and 
piers, and' has acquired the six hundred feet of water 
front and two citj^ blocks which it occupies. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 371 

In 1904, he was elected an alternate delegate to 
the Democratic National Convention held at St. Louis, 
and was a delegate to the one held at Denver in 1908. 
He is an active member of the Perth Amboy Board 
of Trade, and a member of the City Water Commis- 
sion. The State Chamber of Commerce also enlists his 
heartist interest and co-operation. He is one of the 
trustees of the State Chamber of Commerce, and di- 
rector of the Harbor and Navigation Department, and 
beside he was a delegate to represent it, as well as 
the local Board of Trade, in the Seventh Annual At- 
lantic Deeper Waterways Convention, held in New 
York City, in September, 1914, and was appointed) by 
the governor as one of the representatives of .the 
State of New Jersey at the Eighth Annual Convention 
of that body held at Savannah in November, 1915. 

Mr. Runyon was appointed by Governor Fielder on 
the State Harbor Commission of New Jersey, and 
upon the recent re-organization of State Boards, was 
named as one of the long term men on the Board of 
Commerce and Navigation. His term expires July 
1st, 1919. 

JOHN M. B. WARD, Paterson. 

Mr. Ward was born in Paterson, December 6th, 1880, 
and received his preliminary education in the local 
schools. Later he attended the Roger McGee Pre- 
paratory School in Paterson and the Inter-collegiate 
School of New York City. This was followed' by a 
course in Columbia University which Mr. Ward en- 
tered in 1898, and the New York University Law 
School. In 1901, he was admitted to the bar and he 
also has been admitted to practice in the United 
States courts. 

After being admitted to the bar, Mr. Ward became 
associated with his father, Z. M. Ward, one of the 
most distinguished law3'ers Paterson has ever pro- 
duced. The firm, which was known as Z. M. Ward 
& Son, continued until the death of Mr. Ward, Sr., 
1904. The subject of this sketch then formed a part- 
nership with Peter J. McGinnis, and the firm has 
continued ever since under the name of Ward & Mc- 
Ginnis. In politics Mr. Ward is a Republican. He 
was appointed a member of the Board of Commerce 
and Navigation by Governor Fielder and his term 
expires July 1st, 1919. 



372 BIOGRAPHIES?. , 

WILLIAM LAWRENCE SAUNDERS, Plainfield. 

Mr. Saunders was born November 1st, 1S56, in 
Columbus, Ga. ; son of William Trebell Saunders, D.D., 
and Eliza Morton Saunders, Va. ; grandnephew of 
Robert Saunders, fourteenth president William and 
Mary College, Williamsburg-, Va. His earliest an- 
cestors landed witli the Jamestown expedition, James- 
town, Va„ and is descendant of Sir Edward Saunders, 
one of the Knights of the Horseshoe who discovered 
the Alleghanies. He has degrees: Bachelor of Science, 
University of Pennsylvania, 1S76; Doctor of Science, 
1911. 

Before graduation was editor-in-chief "University 
Magazine" and class poet, 1876, engaged in news- 
paper work, Philadelphia; special correspondent for 
southern newspapers Centennial Exposition; made two 
balloon ascensions, reacliing- height of tliree and- a 
half miles, remaining up all night. 

From 1878 to 1881, he was engineer in charge of 
building docks, warehouses and ship channel, New 
York Harbor, at Black Tom Island. He designed and 
patented apparatus for subaqueous drilling-, using tube 
and water jet, system now in general use. 

In 1881, he was engineer for Ingersoll Rock Drill 
Company. He invented and patented rock drilling and 
quarrying- devices, track cliannelers and gadders and 
bar channelers; invented and patented system of pump- 
ing liquids by compressed air, now generally used in 
Baku oil fields, Russia; also, radialaxe system of 
coal mining. 

Mr. Saunders is prominently identified with various 
industries both in New York and New Jersey, and is 
editor and author of numerous magazines, pamplilets, 
&c., relating to inventions, commerce, economics and 
politics. He was a member of the New' Jersey Harbor 
Commission, formerly a member of the New- Jersey 
State Democratic Committee, and was twice elected 
mayor of North Plainfield. 

He was appointed a member of the Board of Com- 
merce and Navigation by Governor Fielder in 1915, 
and in 1918 was re-appointed by Governor Edge. His 
term will expire in 1922. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 373 

WILLIAM T. KIRK, Beverly. 

Mr. Kirk was born in Philadelphia, Pa., July 1st, 
1860, and was educated at Friends Select School, 
Philadelphia, and has resided at Beverly, N. J., for 
the last twenty-four years. He served two terms in 
the city council, having overcome a normal Repub- 
lican majority at the election both times, has been 
a delegate to two Gubernatorial Conventions and 
served as a member of the Burlington County Demo- 
cratic Committee, and is president of the Burlington 
County Democratic Club. 

He is a director of the First National Bank of 
Beverly^ has served as director of the Building and 
Loan Association; is a vestryman in the Episcopal 
Church, and a vice-president of the Philadelphia-Dela- 
ware-Trenton Deeper Waterways Association. 

He is a w^holesale grocer in Philadelphia, being a 
member of the firm of Kirk, Foster & Co.; also presi- 
dent of the Grocers' and Importers' Exchange of 
Philadelphia. He is a member of the Joint Committee 
of the trade bodies of Philadelphia, on the Improve- 
ment of the Schuylkill and Delaware rivers. Mr. Kirk 
was appointed by Governor Fielder as a member of 
the Board of Commerce and Navigation in 1915, and 
re-appointed in 1916 for a full term, which expires in 
1920. 

ALLEN KIRBY WHITE, Atlantic City. 

Mr. White was born at Denton, Md., December 14th, 
1872, and is second son of Josiah and Mary Kirby 
(Allen) White. He attended Friends Central School, 
Philadelphia and Swarthmore College, Pa., graduating 
in the engineering department in 1894, as president 
of the class. He entered the hotel business with his 
father, at Hotel Luray, Atlantic City, and formed 
the partnership of Josiah White & Son, and later 
with his father and two brothers formed Josiah White 
& Sons Company, owners and proprietors of the 
Marlborough-Blenheim Hotel, Atlantic City, which is 
his present business. Upon the organization of the 
Equitable Trust Co. of Atlantic City, he became vice- 
president, which office he still fills. He was one of 
the incorporators of the Equitable Building and Loan 
Association of Atlantic City and accepted the treas- 



674 BIOGRAPHIES, 

urership thereof, and has been commodiore of the 
Atlantic City Yacht Club since 1911. In 1915, was 
appointed by Governor Fielder a member of the 
Board of Commerce and Navigation, and was re- 
appointed in 1916 for a full term which will expire 
in 1920. 

ROBERT FRY ENGLE, Beach Haven. 

Mr. Engle was born near Mount Holly, N. J., Feb- 
ruary 4th, 1868. His father was Robert Barclay Engle, 
Senator from Ocean county, 1896 to 1898, and his 
mother was Jane Darnell Engle of Mount Laurel, N. J. 
He was educated at Friends' Boarding- School at West- 
town, Pa. His father, though born and raised a farmer, 
preferred the hotel business and became one of the 
pioneers of Beach Haven, N. J., opening the "Parry 
House," when that resort was started in 1874. The 
Engleside was built in 1876, and after his education 
and a few years in the wholesale dry goods business in 
Philadelphia, the subject of this sketch came to the 
hotel to assist in its management. Upon the death of 
his father in 1901, the hotel property was incorporated 
as "The Engleside Company," and he became the treas- 
urer and general manager, which position he has held 
ever since. He is also president and general manager 
of the "Covington Company," owning and operating 
the Covington Apartment Hotel in West Philadelphia. 
He has been identified with the growth of Beach Haven 
for over thirty years, and has been a member of Bor- 
ough Council for the last fifteen years. 

Mr. Engle was appointed a member of the Board of 
Commerce and Navigation by Governor Edge, Feb- 
ruary 27th, 1917, for a full term of four years. 

B. F. CRESSON, JR., Consulting Engineer, Jersey City. 

Mr. Cresson was born in Philadelphia in 1873, and 
was educated at the Episcopal Academy of Philadel- 
phia, Lehigh University and University of Pennsyl- 
vania; B.S. degree from the latter. 

From 1894 to 1900, he was employed on railroad 
work for the Lehigh Valley Railroad, Pennsylvania 
Railroad and West Virginia Short Line Railroad, and 
on the Reading Subway work in Philadelphia; from 
1900 to 1901, in the office of Jacobs and Davies, Con- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 375 

suiting Eng-ineers, New York City, on subaqueous tun- 
nel plans and surveys, North River and East River, 
and was Assistant Engineer in charge of the Atlantic 
avenue improvements in Brooklyn for the Long Island 
Railroad. 

In 1901 he was Assistant Engineer on resurvey 
plans, etc., for the completion of the Hudson Tunnels 
under the North River (McAdoo Tunnels), and from 
1901 to 1910, Assistant Engineer, Alignment Engineer 
and Resident Engineer in charge of precise triangu- 
lations on the North River, Resident Engineer in 
charge of subaqueous tunnels under the North River 
from Weehawken shaft; Resident Engineer in charge 
of Terminal Station-West, section of the Pennsyl- 
vania Station in New York, f i om the east side of 
Ninth avenue to the east side of Tenth avenue. 

In 1910-1913, was First Deputy Commissioner, De- 
partment of Docks and Ferries, New York City, in 
charge of engineering activities and Acting Dock 
Commissioner for several months of this time in the 
absence of the commissioner; 1913-1915, Chief Engi- 
neer, New Jersey Harbor Commission; July 1st, 1915, 
Chief Engineer, Board of Commerce and Navigation. 

Is a member of the American Society of Civil Engi- 
neers, American Institute of Mining Engineers, In- 
stitution of Civil Engineers of Great Britain, also 
Director, American Association of Port Authorities; 
Municipal Engineers of New York, International 
Congresses of Navigation, Engineers' Club of New 
York, etc., Associate Member of the Naval Consulting 
Board of the United States, appointed by Hon. Jo- 
sephus Daniels, Secretary of the Navy; Member of 
the Board of Directors for the State of New Jersey 
on Industrial Preparedness, and a member of the 
Pan-American Joint Engineering Committee ap- 
pointed by the American Society of Civil Engineers. 



Deiiartinent of Conservation and Development. 

HENRY CROFUT WHITE, President, North Plainfield. 

Mr. White was born at Danbury, Conn., January 
29th, 1869, and is a lawyer, and a member of the 
New York bar, 1893; of the Supreme Court bar, 1896; 
practices in New York City, being a member of the 



376 BIOGRAPHIES. 

firm of White & Wait, 49 Wall street. Degrees were 
conferred on him by the following: A.B., Yale Uni- 
versity, 1891; A.M., Columbia University, 1892; LL.B., 
University of the State of New York, 1893. He is 
the author of the White Federal Income Tax law 
and other legal treatises. He was appointed a mem- 
ber of this new department in 1915 by Governor 
Fielder and re-appointed in 1916. His term expires in 
1920. 

SIMON PHILLIPS NORTHRUP, Newark. 

Mr. Northrup was born near Branchville, Sussex 
county, New Jersey, August 23d, 1876, and is son of 
Oscar and Mary J, (Phillips) Northrup. Both sides 
of family can trace descent to English Colonial an- 
cestry. The name Northrup is of English origin and 
is a compound of the words North and the Saxon 
thorp (Middle English thrope) meaning town or vil- 
lage. The earliest mention of the name found in 
England is of the marriage of IMaude, daughter of 
Simon Northrope, in county York, in the reign of 
Henry VII. (1485-1509). Joseph Northrup, founder of 
the family in America, came from Yorkshire, England, 
with Sir Richard Saltonstall, in Eaton and Daven- 
port's Company, in the ship "Hector and Martha," 
landing at Boston on July 26th, 1637. With others 
he formed the settlement of Milford, Connecticut, in 
1639, and his name appears as one of the forty-four 
"Free Planters" on the document which laid the foun- 
dation for their government on the "Plantation." 
He was graduated from Dickinson College with the 
Class of 1897. and from the Law School of Yale Uni- 
versity in 1899, receiving degree of bachelor of laws, 
and Kent prize for superiority in debate. In Febru- 
ary, 1899, he was admitted to practice before the 
New Jersey bar, and for a time was in several law 
offices, forming in 1905, a partnership with Francis 
Lafferty. In 1907, he became connected with Fidelity 
Trust Company and later was elected its assistant 
title officer. 

He was appointed by Governor Fielder, in 1915. a 
member of the Department of Conservation and De- 
velopment, and rc-appointed by Governor Edge in 1918, 
and his term expires July 1st, 1921. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 377 

STEPHEN PFEIL, Camden. 
Mr. Pfeil was born in New York City, December 
26th, 1854, and was educated in public and private 
schools of that city. He graduated from the law 
department of the University of New York and re- 
ceived the degree of L.B. in 1873; was admitted to 
the New York bar in 1875 and followed the pro- 
fession in that State for more than ten years. Since 
1888, he has resided in Camden, and has been engaged 
in literary work, contributing articles on international 
law and social-political topics to various periodicals 
and the daily press; was co-author in 1892 of "Walsh's 
Handybook of Literary Curiosities." In 1893, he be- 
came an editorial writer on the staff of the Phila- 
delphia Record, and has continued in that occupation 
ever since. He was appointed by Governor Wilson 
in 1911, a member of the Board of Managers of the 
Geological Survey and on the consolidation of the 
Survey and various other State Commissions in the 
Department of Conservation and Development, he 
was appointed to the governing board of this depart- 
ment by Governor Fielder. Mr. Pfeil has been a life- 
long Democrat. His first vote was cast for Samuel 
J. Tilden, for president. He has been active in 

furthering Democratic policies, and was a delegate to 
Convention of 1910, which nominated Woodrow Wil- 
son for governor, of whom he was an early and 
sincere advocate. In 1914, he submited a plan for 
the reconstruction of the Legislative power which 
aroused widespread comment. He was appointed to 
the present board by Governor Fielder in 1915, and 
re-appointed in 1916. His term expires in 1920. 

GEORGE A. STEELE, Eatontown. 

Mr. Steele was born in Fair Haven, Monmouth 
county, New Jersey, on June 24th, 1872. His father, 
John N. Steele, came from old New England stock, 
his ancestors having settled in the early part of the 
18th century on the Massachusetts coast a few miles 
above Boston. Mr. Steele was educated in the public 
schools of Monmouth county, and in 1896, he helped 
to found the Shrewsbury Nurseries, of which he is 
now the sole proprietor. 

On April 21st, 1914, he was appointed by Governor 
Fielder a member of the Board of Forest Park Reser- 



378 BIOGRAPHIES. 

vation Coniinissioners and when that board was ab- 
sorbed by the Board of Conservation and Develop- 
ment on July 1st, 1915, the' governor appointed him 
a member of the latter board for the full term of 
four years. His term expires June 1st, 1919. 

PERCIVAL CHRYSTIE, High Bridge. 

Mr. Chrystie was born in the old Taylor home, 
"Solitude," High Bridge, New Jersey, May 31st, 1868, 
and is a son of Oliver W. and Emily Taylor Chrystie. 
He was educated in Turners' School, Pittsfield, Mass., 
and Leals Academy, Plainfield, New Jersey. 

Mr. Chrystie is vice-president of the Taylor-Wharton 
Iron and Steel Company, and he and his cousin, Knox 
Taylor, president, represent the fifth generation of the 
Taylor family that has been engaged in the manu- 
facture of iron and steel in that locality for about 175 
years. The Taylor family and the company named 
after it have furnished the United States Government 
with projectiles and other material for war purposes 
for every war in which the United States has been 
engaged since and including the Revolution in 1776. 

Mr. Chrystie has served as a member of the State 
Board of Education, Fish and Game Commission, and 
was appointed a member of the Board of Conservation 
and Development by Governor Edge in 1917. His term 
expires in 1921. 

JOHN L. KUSER, Bordentown. 

Mr. Kuser was born in Newark, N. J., May 12th, 18G2, 
and is a twin brother to Colonel Anthony R. Kuser, a 
member of the Highway Commission. The Kuser 
family moved to the outskirts of Trenton when the 
twins were five years old, and their mother lives there 
at the present time. 

John was educated at the Parochial school and after- 
wards at St. Benedict's College, Newark. He was con- 
nected with the newspaper business in Newark until 
1894 when he moved to Trenton. 

Mr. Kuser now holds the following positions: Presi- 
dent of the Howard Demountable Rim Company, Presi- 
dent National Flue Cleaner, Treasurer Mercer Auto- 
mobile Company, Secretary and Treasurer Peoples 



BIOGRAPHIES. 379 

Brewing- Company and Secretary and Treasurer Tren- 
ton Hygeia Ice Company. 

Governor Edge appointed Mr. Kuser a member of the 
Board of Conservation and Development in 1918 to 
fill a vacancy caused by the resignation of Charles 
Lathrop Pack. 

WILLIAM E. TUTTLE, JR., Westfield. 

Mr. Tuttle was born at Horseheads, New York, De- 
cember 10th, 1870, and was educated at the Elmira 
Free Academy and Cornell University. He has been 
engaged in the lumber business in Westfield since 
1897. 

He was elected to the House of Representatives from 
the Fifth Congressional District in 1910, re-elected in 
1912, and, although leading his ticket by large mar- 
gins, was the unsuccessful candidate of his party in 
1914 and 1916. While in Congress he was a member of 
the Joint Commission which revised the laws fixing 
the compensation to railroads for the transportation 
of the mails and was actively identified with many re- 
forms in the postal service. He was a delegate to the 
Democratic National Conventions in 1908 and 1916. 
In 1915 Congressman Tuttle was appointed by Presi- 
dent Wilson the sole Commissioner of the United States 
to the National Exposition of Panama. He has served 
many years as Chairman of the Union County Demo- 
cratic Committee. He is Vice President of the Peoples 
Bank and Trust Company and a director of the Mutual 
Building and Loan Association of Westfield and is ac- 
tively engaged in several business enterprises. 

Mr. Tuttle was appointed by Governor Edge a mem- 
ber of the Board of Conservation and Development 
February 27th, 1918, and confirmed by the Senate for a 
term of four years. 

ISAAC F. RICHEY, Trenton. 

Mr. Richey was born at Asbury, Warren county, New 
Jersey, on the third day of May, 1851, and was educated 
in the private schools of Trenton, New Jersey, to which 
city he had previously removed. He commenced the 
study of law with his father, Augustus G. Richey, in 
1871, and passed his counselor's examination three 



380 BIOGRAPHIES. 

years later. In 1875 he was admitted as a partner with 
his father, and for nearly twenty years the firm was 
known as A. G. Richey & Son. At the death of Mr 
Richey's father, in January, 1894, he continued the 
practice of law for some years, but, owing to the fact 
of his being- interested in many corporations, he de- 
cided to devote nearly all of his time in looking- after 
and directing his corporate interests. 

In July, 1918, Governor Edge appointed Mr. Richey 
to fill the unexpired term of Mr. Nelson B. Gaskill on 
the Board of Conservation and Development. 

ALFRED GASKILL., Director and State Forester, 
Princeton. 

Mr. Gaskill was born in Philadelphia, November 6th, 
1861. For seventeen years he was engaged in the glass 
manufacturing business in Cumberland county, N. J., 
and in Philadelphia. In 1898, he gave up business, 
studied forestry in North Carolina, at Harvard Uni- 
versity, at the University of Munich and in the or- 
ganized forests of Europe. In 1901, he entered the 
United States Forest Service, and on February 1st, 
1907, was engaged as State Forester by the Forest Park 
Reservation Commission of New Jersey. He is a di- 
rector of the American Forestry Association and a 
member of several forestry and allied organizations. 

On July 1st, 1915, he was appointed Director of Con- 
servation and Development for a term of four years at 
$4,200 a year, which position he holds coincidentally 
with that of State Forester. 



State Geologist. 

HENRY B. KUMMEL, Trenton. 

Mr. Kiimmel was born in Milwaukee, Wis., May 
25th, 1867. He graduated from Beloit College, Wis., 
in 1889, and after teaching two years, spent one year 
in post-graduate work in geology at Harvard Uni- 
versity and three years at the University of Chicago. 
He received the degree of M.A. from Harvard Uni- 
versity, and from Beloit College in 1892, and that of 
Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) from the University of 
Chicago in 1895. In 1891, he was employed as field 



BIOGRAPHIES. 381 

assistant in g-eology on the United States Geological 
Survey, in Connecticut. In the summer of 1892 he 
joined the Geological Survey of New Jersey, and for 
several field seasons was engaged in surveys in War- 
ren, Sussex and Hunterdon counties. During a por- 
tion of 1898 he was employed on the Geological Sur- 
vey of New York, and also spent a short time in 
studying the geology of Scotland. Returning to New 
Jersey, he was appointed Assistant State Geologist in 
1899, and on the resignation of Dr. John C. Smock, 
on July 1st, 1901, Mr. Kiimmel was put in charge of 
the survey. On January 10th, 1902, he was made 
State Geologist, which position he still holds. Upon 
the establishment of the Forest Park Reservation 
Commission in 1905, he became ex-officio its executive 
officer. With the organization of the Department of 
Conservation and Development, Mr. Kiimmel, as State 
Geologist, became the chief of the Division of Geology 
and acting director of the department during the ab- 
sence of the director. 

The high standing of the geological survey of New 
Jersey was recognized by the election of Mr. Kiimmel 
as first president of the American Association of State 
Geologists, a position which he held for several terms. 
In 1907, he was a member of the International Geo- 
logical Congress held in the city of Mexico, and he 
was again a delegate to the same congress when it 
met in Toronto, Canada, in 1913, he accompanied 
Governor Fort as one of the three New Jersey dele- 
gates to the first Conference of Governors held at 
the White House in 1908, and was a member of 
several subsequent conservation congresses. He is a 
Fellow of the American Association for the Advance- 
ment of Science, and of the Geological Society of 
America, and a member of the National Institute of 
Social Sciences. He is the author of numerous papers 
relating chiefly to the geology and natural resources 
of New Jersey. 



State Highway Commission. 

JOHN WARNE HERBERT, Chairman, Helmetta. 
Mr. Herbert was born August 3d, 1853, at Wickatunk, 
Marlboro township, Monmouth county, son of Hon. 
John W. Herbert and Agnes D. Runyon Herbert. In 



382 BIOGRAPHIES. 

1869 he entered Rutgers Colleg-e and was graduated 
in 1872 with the degree of B.S. In 1875 he received 
the degree of M.S. 

The profession of civil engineer not being congenial 
to him, he began the study of law with Captain Albert 
S. Cloke, at Jersey City, N. J., in 1873, and after two 
years in the Columbia Law School, received the de- 
gree of LL.B. and was admitted to the bar in 1876, 
in New Jersey and also in New York. His ability as a 
trial lawyer was early recognized and brought him a 
large and lucrative practice. 

In 1885 he married Olivia Antoinette, daughter of 
George W. Helme and Margaret Appleby Helme, of 
Jersey City. 

In 1889 Mr. Herbert gave up the active practice of 
law to become Vice President and Treasurer of tlie 
George W. Helme Company at Helmetta. He was 
elected Mayor of the borough of Helmetta and filled 
that office in successive terms from 1890 to 1902. In 
1896 he was elected a delegate to the National Repub- 
lican Convention, and in 1916 was appointed by Gover- 
nor Fielder a member of the Commission of Good Road 
Legislation of New Jersey, and was made chairman of 
the commission. On March 14th, 1917, he was ap- 
pointed by Governor Walter E. Edge to the State High- 
way Commission of New Jersey, and was made chair- 
man of the Board. He was re-appointed on February 
18th. 1918, for a term of four years, and was again 
elected chairman. In 1900 Mr. Herbert became largely 
interested in railroad properties and is a member of 
the following clubs: Lawyers' Club and Union League 
Club of New York, Sleepy Hollow Country Club, Oak- 
land Golf Club and Maidstone Golf Club. 

ANTHONY R. KUSER, Bernardsville. 

Colonel Kuser was born in Newark, N. J., May 12th, 
1862. His parents moved to Trenton when he was at 
the age of five years, where he spent his early days at 
the old homestead. 

In 1896, he married the daughter of the late John F. 
Dryden, the founder of the Prudential Insurance Com- 
pany of America, and who represented New Jersey in 
the United States Senate for six years. 

Colonel Kuser is largely interested in gas, electric 



BIOGRAPHIES. 383 

and traction companies and is vice-president and di- 
rector of "the Public Service Corporation of New Jersey. 
He is also extensively interested in banks and trust 
companies and is a director in a number of them. 

He was appointed by Governor Leon Abbett, in 1889, 
as a member of his personal staff, with the rank of 
Colonel, and also was a member of the personal staffs 
of Governor Werts and Governor Grigg-s. 

In 1892 he was appointed a member of the State 
Board of Assessors by Governor Abbett, on which board 
he served for four years. 

On March 14th, 1917, he was appointed as a member 
of the State Highway Commission by Governor Edge, 
and in 1918 was re-appointed by Governor Edge for a 
full term. His term will expire in 1922. 

WATSON G. CLARK, Tenafly. 

Mr. Clark was born at Cresskill, Bergen county. New 
Jersey, September 1st, 1871. He secured his engineer- 
ing education at the New York University, receiving 
a B.S. degree in 1891, and his professional degree of 
C.E. the next year. He was engaged in general engi- 
neering work with Charles B. Brush, C.E., of Hobo- 
ken, New Jersey, until 1896, when he established a 
business of his own. He has since carried on a general 
engineering practice, but has specialized on munici- 
pal work, including pavements. He was the engineer 
who designed and had charge of construction of the 
Englewood approach, the roadway leading from the 
Dyckman street ferry to the top of the Palisades, at 
Englewood, New Jersey. He maintains offices at Tena- 
fly and Edgewater, N. J., and 30 Church street, New 
York City. He is a member of the American Society 
of Civil Engineers. 

Governor Edge appointed Mr. Clark a member of the 
State Highway Commission on March 24th, 1917, for a 
three-j-ear term. 

WALTER J. BUZBY, Atlantic City. 

Mr. Buzby was born at Masonville, Burlington 
countj', N. J., October 12th, 1865. He spent his boy- 
hood days on his father's farm in Burlington county 
until 1885, when he entered the employ of Mitchell, 
Fletcher & Company, Fancy Grocers, of Philadelphia, 



384 BIOGRAPHIES. 

and remained "uith them for fifteen years^ during 
which time he passed from the lowest salaried boy in 
the store to one of the junior members of the firm. 

In 1900, Mr. Buzby bought from Joseph H. Borton 
the Hotel Dennis, Atlantic City, having a well-known 
Philadelphia architect as his associate, and has con- 
tinued to conduct the hotel as an all year proposition 
ever since. He was twice elected a member of city 
council, is a director in two banks and is identified 
with many of Atlantic City's affairs. 

He was appointed a member of the Board of Con- 
servation and Development by Governor Fielder in 
1915 for a term of two years, and by Governor Edge, 
on March 24th, 1917, a member of the State Highway 
Commission for a three-year term. 

GEORGE E. BLAKESLEE, Jersey City. 

Mr. Blakeslee was born in Bridgeport, Conn., March 
23d, 1873. He has been a resident of Jersey City for 
the past twenty-four years. He is in the automobile 
business in Jersey City, having the Cadillac agency for 
northern New Jersey. He had the Egan Road law in- 
troduced in the Senate, and was the power behind this 
bill until it was adopted by the public by a vote of 
over 89,000 majority. Governor Edge appointed him 
on the Highway Board on March 24th, 1917, for a four- 
year term. 

SAMUEL HAVERSTICK, Trenton. 

Mr. Haverstick was born in Camden, N. J., February 
17th. 1870; removed to Beverly, N. J., lived there for 
a few years and then removed to Philadelphia, Pa., re- 
maining there 25 years. He was educated in the public 
schools of Philadelphia. He was connected with his 
father in the linoleum business and was Assistant Su- 
perintendent and then Superintendent of the George 
W. Blabon Company factory in that city. In 1900 he 
came to Trenton to help organize the Standard Inlaid 
Manufacturing Company, being Secretary of same from 
the beginning. He has always been interested in wel- 
fare work, also in civic and religious work. He is 
President of the Boy Scouts' Council; was former 
President of the Chamber of Commerce and is Super- 
intendent of the Central Baptist Sunday School and a 



BIOGRAPHIES. 385 

member of Masonic Fraternities, including the Mystic 
Shrine. He was appointed by Governor Edge as mem- 
ber of the State Highway Commission in April, 1918. 

ROBERT S. PARSONS, Nutley. 

Mr. Parsons was born at Hohokus, N. J. He was 
graduated from Rutgers College with degree of B.S. ; 
was awarded the degree of Civil Engineer by the same 
college in 1897. He began railway work in 1895, as a 
rodman on the Erie railroad; the following year he 
was made Assistant Engineer, and in 1899 became Di- 
vision Engineer of the New York, Susquelianna and 
Western railroad. 

In 1903 he was appointed Engineer of Maintenance 
of Way of the Erie railroad, and three years later be- 
came Assistant General Superintendent of the same 
road. He was promoted to Superintendent of the Sus- 
quehanna Division in 1907, and three years later was 
transferred to the New York Division in the same ca- 
pacity. On January 1st, 1913, he was appointed As- 
sistant General Manager of lines east of Buffalo and 
Salamanca, N. Y., with headquarters at New York City. 
One year later he was appointed General Manager of 
the Ohio Grand Division, now known as Erie Lines, 
West, with office at Cleveland, Ohio. 

On January 1st, 1916, he was appointed Chief Engi- 
neer, with headquarters at New York City, and on Sep- 
tember 12th, 1916, was appointed Assistant to the 
President and Chief Engineer. On November 15tii, 

1917, he was appointed Assistant to the President and 
General Manager of the Erie System, and in June, 

1918, under Federal Administration of Railroads, he 
was again made Chief Engineer, which position he now 
holds. 

Mr. Parsons is a member of the American Society of 
Civil Engineers. He was appointed a member of the 
State Highway Commission by Governor Edge in 1918. 

LEWIS C. DUNCAN, Westville. 

Mr. Duncan was born March 15th, 1868, in Philadel- 
phia, Pa. When Mr. Duncan was eight years of age 
his parents moved to Westville, Gloucester county, 
where Mr. Duncan has ever since resided. He attended. 
25 



38G BIOGRAPHIES. 

the public schools of West vi lie, and during- that period 
assisted in the work on his father's farm. At the age 
of nineteen he took charge of his father's farm, and 
has ever since been engaged in the farming business. 
About twenty-four years ago, after his father's deat.i, 
he purchased the farm, erected greenhouses and com- 
menced the business of growing small vegetables on a 
large scale. He furnishes large supplies of vegetables 
to the Philadelphia market, in both summer and 
V\-inter, growing two to three crops on the same land 
in one season. He is recognized as the leader in Glou- 
cester county in this line of production. 

Mr. Duncan has never held public office before. He 
has contributed to the development of his own com- 
munity, spending large sums of money in improving 
lands, and has in the past six years constructed about 
twenty-five houses. 

He is active in all public affairs and is interested in 
all matters tending to the improvement and upbuilding 
of his county and State. 

He is a member of Woodbury Lodge, L. O. O. M.; 
Crown Point Lodge, I. O. O. F., Westville, Shield of 
Honor: Westville Council; Jr. O. L". A. M.; Prosperity 
Lodge, I. O. M., Westville: :Mantua Grange. Wenonah. 
N. J., and Red Men, Westville. 

GEORGE WASHINGTON GOETHALS, State Engineer. 

General Goethals was born in Brooklyn, New York, 
in 1858. He was graduated from the United States 
Military Academy in 1880, and was then appointed 
Second Lieutenant in the Corps of Engineers. He 
reached the grade of Colonel in 1909. In the Spanisli- 
American War he was Lieutenant-Colonel and Chief 
Engineer of the First Army Corps. He served as as- 
sistant professor of civil and military engineering at 
West Point from 1885 to 1889, 

In 1907, he was appointed chairman and chief engi- 
neer of the commission named for the construction 
of the Panama canal. On April 1st, 1914, he was ap- 
pointed governor of the Panama canal zone. 

In March, 1917, Governor Edge appointed him State 
Engineer, -with the concurrence of State Treasurer 
Read and State Comptroller Bugbee, comprising the 
State House Commission, and his salary was fixed at 
■$10,000. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 387 

A. LEE GROVER, Trenton, Chief Clerk and Secretary. 

Mr. Grover was born at Hutchinson's Mills, Mercer 
county, near Trenton, New Jersey, April 19th, 1889, and 
is the son of Elmer E. and Laura W. Grover. His early 
life was spent on the farm, and his entire life has been 
spent within the boundaries of Mercer county. He 
acquired his education in the public schools of the 
county, and also attended the Rider-Moore & Stewart 
School of Business, in Trenton, from which institution 
he graduated in 1907, and at once took up a clerical 
career. In 1911 he engaged in tne electrical contract- 
ing business, until April 13th, 1913, when he acceptod 
a position with the Department of Public Roads, under 
Colonel E. A. Stevens, State Road Commissioner, as, ac- 
countant. He acquired an intimate knowledge of State 
and county highway financing and law and was pro- 
moted to the post of Chief Clerk. On the reorganiza- 
tion of the State Highway Department, under the di- 
rection of General George W. Goethals, as provided 
under the "Edge Road Act" of 1917. he was appointed 
Chief Clerk of the Department, and Secretary to the 
State Highway Commission, on recommendation of 
General Goethals. 

Mr. Grover is a member of Fraternal Lodge. No. 139, 
F. & A. M. ; Palestine Commandery, K. T., and Crescent 
Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S. 

WILLIAM GEORGE BOLAND THOMPSON, 
State Highway Engineer, Trenton. 

Mr. Thompson was bom at East Hartford, Conn., 
March 21st, 1884, and was educated in the public 
schools of New Haven, and by private tutor. He 
started his engineering career with Charles H. Nichols. 
C.E., of New Haven, and U. S. Engineering Depart- 
ment. 

He was on the engineering and construction stafi;, 
of the Panama canal from 1905 to 1910, and also from 
1911 to 1916, and also on the staff of chief engineer of 
the Oregon and Washington railroad, Seattle, 1910 to 
1911. During 1916 and 1917 he was on the construction 
staff of Raymond Concrete Pile Company, 140 Cedar 
street, New York. 

From April, 1917, to April, 1918, he was Assistant 



388 BIOGRAPHIES. 

State Highway Engineer of New Jersey, and on April 
1st, 1918, appointed State Highway Engineer of New 
Jersey, both on recommendation of General George W. 
Goethals, State Engineer. 

He is a member of the American Society of Civil 
Engineers. 

EDWARD E. REED, Assistant State Highway Engi- 
neer, Trenton. 

Mr. Reed was born in Trenton, New Jersey*, on Au- 
gust 3d, 1884. He was educated in the public schools 
and attended the School of Industrial Arts of Trenton. 
Practically all of his life has been devoted to public 
wofk, he having first been employed in the City Engi- 
neer's office at Trenton; later with the County Engi- 
neer's office, and on July 1st, 1909, he accepted the post 
of Assistant Supervisor of Roads, in the New Jersey 
Department of Public Roads. This title was later 
changed to that of Division Engineer, and he was 
placed in charge of the construction and repair work 
in the Central New Jersey counties. Mr. Reed was 
appointed Assistant State Highway Engineer on April 
1st, 1918, for a term of five years. 

He is a member of Princeton Lodge, No. 38, F. & A. 
M. ; Lawrence Township Home Guard and Spartacus 
'Lodge, No. 10, K. of P. 



State Board of Cliaritie.s and Corrections. 

DWIGHT WHITNEY MORROW, President, Englewood. 

Mr. Morrow was born January 11th, 1873, at Hunt- 
ington, West Virginia, and is a member of the firm of 
J. P. Morgan & Co., 23 Wall street. New York City. 
Formerly he was a member of the law firm of Simpson, 
Thacher & Bartlett, 62 Cedar street. New York City. 

Mr. Morrow was graduated from Amherst College in 
1895, with the A.B. degree, and from the Columbia 
University Law Scliool in 1899 with the LL.B. degree. 
He was a member of the New Jersey Prison Inquiry 
Commission, succeeding William B. Dickson as its 
chairman on July 17th, 1917. On February 28th, 1918, 
he was appointed a member of the State Board of 



BIOGRAPHIES. 389 

Charities and Corrections by Governor Edge and con- 
firmed by the Senate for a term ending June 30th, 
1919. He is now Chairman of that Board. 

Mr. Morrow was director of the War Savings cam- 
paign for New Jersey until July 11th, 1918, when he 
resigned to take up important Government work in 
Europe. He is also a trustee of Amherst College, 
President of the Englewood Free Public Library and of 
tlie Englewood Civic Association. 

FRANK A. FETRIDGE. 

Mr. Fetridge was born in Quincy, Mass., July 5th, 
1857, and was educated in the public schools of that 
city. After leaving school he learned the lathing trade, 
which he has followed ever since. 

In 1879 Mr. Fetridge came to Newark and at once 
became active in the Knights of Labor, and in 1899, 
when the Wood, Wire and Metal Lathers' International 
Union was organized, he became an active worker in 
same, both locally and internationally, serving two 
terms as International Vice-President during 190-1- 
1905, and again during 1915-1916, and also two terms 
as International Organizer. At present he is serving 
as Secretary of the New Jersey State Council of 
Lathers and is Financial Secretary of Local No. 102 of 
Newark, of which local he also served twelve years as 
Business Representative. 

He is also connected with the Essex Trades Council 
and Building Trades Council of Newark, in which or- 
ganization he is an untiring and active worker, having 
served as president of both councils on different oc- 
casions. He also served two terms as Vice-President 
of the New Jersey State Federation of Labor and as 
Vice-President of the State Building Trades Council 
for four years and Secretary for one year. Mr. Fet- 
ridge was also connected with the Newark Board of 
Health for eight years, four years of which he was 
Superintendent of the Contagious Disease Hospital. 

Always taking an active interest in public affairs and 
institutions, and being liberal in thought and action, 
he was twice a candidate for the Assembly but was 
defeated on both occasions. 

His appointment as a member of the State Board of 
Charities and Corrections as the representative of or- 



390 BIOGRAPIlIEiS. 

ganized la)>or is the Hist puljlic office ever held hy 
him. 

Besides these activities he helped to organize the 
Trades Union Anti-Tuberculosis Association of New- 
ark, of which organization he served two years as Sec- 
retary, and is now serving as the President of that 
popular charity organization. His term will expire 
June 30, 1920. 

JOHN NEVIN, M.D., Jersey City. 

Dr. Nevin was born in the United States September 
21st, 1863. He is a member of tlie Board of Managers, 
State Hospital, Morris Plains: of the Commission on 
Mental Defectives, President of the Commission to 
provide additional accommodations for the insane, Sur- 
geon Jersey City Police Department, Medical Director 
of the Department of Public Safety, Consulting Phy- 
sician North Hudson Hospital and Visiting Physician 
City Hospital. 

The doctor was appointed a member of the State 
Board of Charities and Corrections February 28th, 
1918, for a term ending June 30th, 1921, and was con- 
firmed by the Senate. 

lOLLIS P. EAKL1-], Montclair. 
Mr. iOarle was liorn in Brooklyn, N. Y., in September, 
1860, and is engaged in the business of minerals and 
metals. He has never held public office. He was ap- 
pointed a member of tie Board of Charities and Cor- 
rections by Governor Edge February 28th, 1918, for a 
term ending June 30tli, 1922, and confirmed by the 
Senate. 

OGDEN HAGGERTY HAMMOND, Bernardsville. 

Mr. Hammond was born at Louisville, Kentucky, Oc- 
tober 13th, 1869, and is an insurance broker. He was 
graduated at Phillips Exeter Academy in 1889 and at 
Yale University 1893. He entered business at Superior, 
Wisconsin, in 1893, and was an alderman of that city 
for two years, 1896-98. Tn 1907 moved to Bernardsville 
where he has since resided. He was First Dieutenant 
of Company I, Third Regiment, Wisconsin National 
Guard, three yfars, 1894-96. 

Mr. Hammoiul served two years in the New Jersey 



BIOGRAPHIES. 391 

House of Assembly from Somfr.set county — 191f)-16 — 
and took an active part in leg-islation. He is now 
Treasurer of the State Republican Committee, a posi- 
tion he has occupied since 1917. 

Governor Edge, on February 28th, 1918, nominated 
Mr. Hammond as a member of the State Board of 
Charities and Corrections and he was promptly con- 
firmed by tne Senate. His term will expire June 
30th, 1923. 

GERALDINE T.TVINGSTOX THOMPSON (Mrs. Lewis 
S. Thompson), Red Bank, X. J. 

Mrs. Thompson was born in New York City March 
2d, 1872. She has been President of the Monmouth 
County Branch of the State Charities Aid and Prison 
Reform Association (now the Monmouth County Or- 
ganization for Social Service) for several years. 

She has lived twenty-two years at Brookdale Farm, 
Monmouth county; is a member of the Legislative 
Committee of the New Jersey Women's Federated 
Clubs and County Chairman of t'.ie Women's Commit- 
tee of the Council of National Defense. Mrs. Thomp- 
son is thoroughly interested in school matters and 
tlie farming interests of the county and State. 

She was appointed a member of the State Board of 
Charities and Corrections by Governor Edge February 
28th. 1918, for a term ending June 30th. 192.->, and was 
confirmed by the Senate. 

LEWIS STARR, Camden. 
Mr. Starr was born at Woodbury, N. J., August 4th, 
1865, and is an attorney-at-law. He was prosecutor 
of the pleas of Gloucester county eleven years, 1895- 
1906, and Judge of the Court of Common Pleas of the 
same county five years, 1906-1911. He was appointed 
a member of the Board of Clarities and Corrections 
in 1918 to fill a vacancy caused by the resignation of 
Dr. William S. Jones. J*" 

CAROLINE B. WITTPENN, Jersey City. 

I\lrs. Wittpenn, who was born in Hoboken, N. J., is 

a daughter of Edwin A. and Martha Bayard Stevens 

and a member of tlie Castle Point (Hoboken) Stevens 

family. She is the wife of Henry Otto Wittpenn, now 



392 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Naval Officer of t'le Port of New York and former 
Mayor of Jersey City. He was the Democratic candi- 
date for Governor of New Jersey in 191G. 

Mrs. Wittpenn has made a distinguished record as a 
promoter of charitable institutions in New Jersey and 
the saving- of youth of the State for honorable and 
self-supporting activities in life. Through her energy 
the State Board of Childrens' Guardians was origi- 
nated, and she was deeply interested in the successful 
movement for the establishment of the State Reforma- 
tory at Rahway. She secured legislation which 
brought about the appointment of a State Probation 
Officer, and that was a forerunner to the creation of 
courts for the trial of juvenile delinquents. 

In October, 1918, Governor Edge appointed Mrs. 
Wittpenn a member of the State Board of Charities 
and Corrections. 



Commissioner of Charities and Corrections. 

BURDETTE G. LEWIS, Princeton. 

Mr. Lewis was born at Jamestown, Pa., January 1st, 
1882. He is a graduate of the University of Nebraska; 
was special scholar in economics at the University of 
Wisconsin and held the President White Fellowship 
in Political Science for two years at Cornell University. 
At the latter institution he was associated with Pro- 
fessor J. W. Jenks when the professor was serving as 
a member of the International Monetary Commission 
which introduced a new currency system into the Phil- 
ippines for the United States. Later, Mr. Lewis held 
an important position with the Interstate Commerce 
Commission, and in 1907 was appointed Statistician of 
the Public Service Commission, First District. 

Subsequently he became assistant to John Purroy 
Mitchell, when President of the New York Board of 
Aldermen, and as such served as a member of the sul)- 
committee which made up the New York City budget. 

During Mayor Gaynor's administration he was di- 
rector of the Board of Estimate's investigation of the 
New York public schools; also as director of the Sink- 
ing Fund Commission's study of the sale of real estate 
in the city of New York. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 393 

In 1913 Mr. Lewis was appointed First Deputy Com- 
missioner of Corrections of the city of New York, and 
in 1915 became commissioner of that department. 

During the early part of 1918 he served as executive 
assistant of the vice-president and general manager of 
the Air Nitrates Corporation, organizing the govern- 
ment for its very large industrial city at Muscle 
Shoals, Alabama, and organized the self-compensation 
Insurance system for the 20,000 employes of that cor- 
poration. 

In May, 1918, Mr. Lewis was appointed Commissioner 
of Charities and Corrections for New Jersey. 



Board of Shell Fisheries. 

GEORGE A. MOTT, Director, Tuckerton. 

Mr. Mott was born at Tuckerton, N. J., July 2d, 
1864, and attended the public schools until he was 
eighteen years of age, when he went to Atlantic City, 
where he worked as clerk in a grocery store for two 
years, after which he conducted a grocery business at 
Beach Haven, N. J., for eight years during which 
time he engaged in the planting and shipping of 
oysters. He was named as a member of the first 
oyster commission for the State of New Jersey by 
an act of the Legislature of 1893, and although a 
Democrat, he was renamed by an act of the Legis- 
lature of 1896, and was appointed by Governor Voor- 
hees in 1899, and by Governor Murphy in 1902, and 
served as a member and secretary of the commission 
during the twelve years of its existence. It was 
largely due to his efforts that the scientific study 
of oyster propagation was taken up by Professor 
Julius Nelson in 1900, and as there was no appro- 
priation made by the Legislature for that purpose, 
he furnished and maintained a suitable station for 
experimental purposes, also oysters, boats, floats, etc., 
for the use of the biologist and assisted him per- 
sonally in his experimental work. In 1912, he was 
appointed oyster superintendent for the district of 
Ocean county by Governor Wilson and re-appointed 
by Governor Fielder in 1915. His selection as di- 
rector of shell fisheries was made unanimous by the 
Board of Shell Fisheries July 1st, 1915. 



394 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Department of Weights and Measures. 

FRANK WAXSER, State Superintendent. 

Mr. Wanser was born at New Brunswick, N. J., April 
5th, 1861; son of Colonel Jarvis "Wanser and Sarah 
Elizabeth Wanser. He removed with his parents to 
Trenton, N. J., in 1874, and received his education in 
the public schools of New Brunswick and Trenton. The 
family removed to Vineland, N. J., in 1878, where they 
have since resided. 

In 1879, he embarked in the real estate and insur- 
ance business with his father, and has been actively 
eng-aged in the real estate line ever since. In 1884, 
in connection with this business, he became special 
agent and adjuster for New Jersey and Eastern Penn- 
sylvania for a Boston fire insurance company. 

He was a page in the New Jersey House of Assemblj'^ 
in 1874, and in New Jersey Senate in 1875 and 1876, and 
was bookkeeper in Government Publication Depart- 
ment, House of Representatives, at Washington, during 
the fifty-fourth Congress. 

Mr. Wanser was postmaster at Vineland from March 
15th, 1902, to July 15th, 1910, when he resigned to de- 
vote his entire time to real estate operations; has 
always taken an active interest in politics and has 
been affiliated with the Republican party from the time 
of his first vote. 

Governor Edge appointed Mr. Wanser Superintendent 
of Weights anl Measures February 27th, 1917, and he 
was confirmed by the Senate on March 6th. His term 
is five years and salary $3, .500. 



State Arclaileet. 

FRANCIS H. BENT, Bound Brook. 
Mr. Bent was born in Dorchester District, Boston, 
Mass., June 18th, 1868; educated at Boston public 
schools and was graduated from Dorchester High 
School in 1885. He moved to New York City in fall of 
1887; studied architecture v.'ith prominent architects in 
Boston and New York City, also in Europe. He re- 
turned from abroad in 1895 and was associated with 
the well-known firm of Rossiter & Wright, architects, 
until 1905. He was associate architect for Depart- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 395 

ment of Charities and Corrections for about eight 
years, resigning- in March, 1913, to resume private prac- 
tice. A portion of the time while with the depart- 
ment he had entire charge of the architectural work, 
and while with the State, designed among other build- 
ings, the Battery A Armory, East Orange; Battery B 
Armory, Camden; Battalions' Armory, Elizabeth; 1st 
Troop Cavalry Armory, Roseville; and State Normal 
School, Montclair Heights. 

Upon the separation of the architectural work of the 
State from the Department of Charities and Correc- 
tions, the Department of Architecture was created and 
he was appointed State Architect, April 1st, 1917, by 
Governor Edge. He has been a resident of New Jersey 
for over twenty-five years. His term of office is five 
years and salary $4,000. 



Ciistndian of the Capitol. 

JOHN A. SMITH. Haddon Heights. 

Mr. Smith has been a life-long resident of Camden 
county, where he was born in the city of Camden, 
August 3d, 1861, and lived until 1907 when he moved 
from the South Jersey Metropolis to Haddon Heights, 
one of its suburbs. He was educated in the public 
schools of his home city and after a business college 
education, he began life as a clerk and salesman and 
later established a wholesale and retail merchandise 
business, which he conducted in Camden for several 
years. 

Later he dealt in real estate and conducted a general 
brokerage line until May, 1913, when he was ap- 
pointed by Comptroller Edwards to the position of 
assistant auditor, which position he held until July 
15th, 1914, when he was appointed custodian of the 
State House, to take effect on August 15th, 1914. Dur- 
ing the interval between his appointment and as- 
sumption of the duties of the office, the new custodian 
fully familiarized himself witli all the duties ap- 
pertaining to the position, which his wide and varied 
experience in a business and professional way makes 
him peculiarly adapted to fill, 

Tlie new custodian has alwaj's been active in Demo- 
cratic affairs, and served as a member of the Demo- 



396 RIOGRAPHIES. 

cratic State Committee from his home county for 
three years. His salary is $3,500 a year. 



Secretary to the Governor, 

FRANCIS E. CROASDALE, Atlantic City. 

Mr. Croasdale was born in Atlantic City, N. J., on 
October 6th, 1886. His parents, Charles Wilson Croas- 
dale, who served during- the Civil War with the 
Pennsylvania Reserves and was mustered out as 
Brevet Captain, serving later as a commissioned of- 
ficer in the Third U. S. B. V., and Anna Conover Croas- 
dale, who formerly resided in Gloucester City, N. J., 
were among the pioneer settlers of Atlantic City. 
The Governor's Secretary was born and at the time 
of his appointment still lived in the house which they 
erected nearly two scores of years ago on- the wild 
sand dunes in the Southern part of the island. He 
was educated in the public schools of Atlantic City, 
and graduated from the Atlantic City High School in 
1904. A class-mate of his was Wu Chao Chu, son of 
Wu Ting Fang, the former Chinese diplomat in this 
country who created much comment at the time by 
insisting that his boy be educated in the free schools 
of New Jersey. Immediately after graduating, Mr. 
Croasdale took a reportorial position on the Atlantic 
City Daily Press, which at that time was published 
by Governor Edge. He was studying law at the 
same time in the offices of Eugene G. Schwinghammer, 
Esq., Atlantic City. A few years later Mr. Edge 
appointed him editor of the newspaper. He also 
served as its legislative correspondent in Trenton. 
Some time later, Mr. Croasdale, with two other em- 
ployes, organized a company and leased the Press 
and the Atlantic City Evening Union from Mr. Edge. 
He is still secretary and a stockholder in the Press- 
Union Company. In 1915, Mr. Croasdale served as 
private secretary to Speaker of the House of As- 
sembly, Carlton Godfrey. He toured the state with 
Colonel Walter E. Edge and Senator Joseph S. Fre- 
linghuysen in the campaign of 1916, handling the 
newspaper publicity work. 

In 1916 he married Helen Florence Thorne of Atlan- 
tic City. They live in Atlantic City. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 397 

Executive Clerk. 

JOHN J. FARRELL, Trenton. 
Mr. Farrell was born in New York city, August 31st, 
1864, and has been a resident of the State of New Jer- 
sey since he was three years of age. He is a news- 
paper man by profession, and was State Riparian Com- 
missioner from 1899 to 1904. During that period, the 
courts set aside as void the attempt of the Legislature 
to divert State lands, which now form the nucleus of 
the School Fund, to other purposes. For many years 
prior to that and since he has been a legislative cor- 
respondent, tlie line in which he was engaged when ap- 
pointed Executive Clerk to fill a vacancy, the second 
which occurred in that office in forty-seven years, on 
February 20th, 1913. 



Chief Auditor. 

HARRY B. SALTER, Trenton. 

Col. Salter was born in Brookville, Hunterdon county, 
New Jer.sey, June 4th, 1873, and removed to Trenton 
with his parents in 1880. He is a direct descendant 
of Richard Salter, Justice of the Supreme Court of 
New Jersey during the Colonial period, and James 
Salter, who was State Treasurer in the early part 
of the last century. He received his education in the 
grammar and high schools of this city, and entered 
the newspaper profession in 1888. For several years 
he was employed on local newspapers and Trenton 
correspondent for New York and Philadelphia papers. 
In 1894 he was appointed Deputy City Clerk by C. Ed- 
ward Murray, which position he held until his election 
as City Clerk, January 1st, 1904. He was re-elected 
January 1st, 1907 and 1910, and held the position 
until August, 1912. He was secretary of the Chamber 
of Commerce from 1914 to April, 1917, when he was 
appointed to his present position by Comptroller Bug- 
bee. 

Col. Salter has been identified with most of the pub- 
lic movements in Trenton for many years and is also 
Lieutenant-Colonel Quartermaster on the staff of 
Quartermaster General C. Edward Murray. He was 
originally commissioned Captain and Quartermaster, 
second Regiment, N. G. N. J., and successively there- 



398 BIOGRAPHIES. 

after Major, Second Brigade, and Deputy Quartermas- 
ter General. 

He is a member of Trenton Lodge Xo. 5, F. & A. M. ; 
Scottish Rite, Benevolent and Protective Order of 
Elks, National Union, Republican Club and other social 
organizations. In 1895 he married Ida M. Taylor, 
daughter of W. Scott Taylor. • . 



Coiiiiuissiouer of Fulillo Reports. 

Benjamin Boisseau Bobbitt, Long Branch, filled this 
office for a five-year term, which ended March 2d. 
1919. His successor was not named wlien this form 
of the Manual went to press. See addenda. 



Secretary of the Senate. 

WILLIAM H. ALBRIGHT, Woodbury. 

Mr. Albright was born at Elmer, Salem county, N. J., 
December 20th, 1875. He received his early education 
in the schools of Camden city and at the age of six- 
teen entered the newspaper profession. He was for 
twelve years on the reportorial staff of the Philadel- 
phia Ledger, and for the past sixteen years has been 
associated with his father, Louis W. Albright, in the 
publishing and printing business in Woodbury. Mr. 
Albright has been active in Gloucester county politics 
for the past twenty years. He was for several years 
secretary and treasurer of the Republican County Com- 
mittee and is at present secretary of the New Jersey 
Republican State Committee and has taken an active 
part in the counsels of his party. He was the president 
of the Red Bank Battle Monument Commission which 
erected the handsome shaft on the Delaware for the 
State, and is a member of numerous social and fra- 
ternal organizations. He was chosen Secretary of the 
Senate in 1918 and 1919. 



EXECUTIVE APP01XT:MENTS. o99 



EXECUTIVE APPOINTMENTS. 



1919 

("With the advice and consent of the Senate.) 

Attorney General — .John W. Wescott, January 26th. 

Court of Errors and Appeals — Henry S. Terhune, 
February li'th; Ernest J. Heppenheimer, Februar\ 
26th. 

Chancellor — Edwin Robert Walker, March 18th. 

Clerk in Chancery — Robert H. McAdams, April 15th. 

District Courts — Bergen county, Second District. Guy 
Leverne Fake, January 27th; Third District, Peter W. 
Stagg-, January 27th; Elizabeth, Abe J. David. March 
31st; Jersey City, Charles L. Carrick, February 16th. 

County Courts — Burlington, "William D. Lippincott; 
Cumberland, Leroy X. Loder; both April 1st; Morris, 
Edward K. Mills, ad in. 

Prosecutors of the Pleas — Cumberland, Edwin F. 
Miller. April ::Oth. 

State Board of Education — Melvin A. Rice, July 1st. 

Public Library Commission — Everitt T. Tomiinson. 
March 2d. 

State Librarian — John P. Dullard. February 2d (ap- 
pointed by Library Commissioners). 

Public L'tility Commissioners — Two vacancies. 

Board of Taxes and Assessments — George T. Bouton, 
July 1st. 

Civil Service Commission — John Dyntlev Prince, 
March 30th. 

Board of Conservation and Development— George A. 
Steele, July 1st: John L. Kuser, Isaac F. Richey, ad. in. 

State Highway Commi.«sion — Robert S. Parsons. 
Samuel Haverstick. Lewis C. Duncan, ad in. 

New Jersey Bridge and Tunnel Commission — Frank- 
lin Murphy, Richard T. Collings; both February 26th; 
T. Albeus Adams, ad in. 

Board of Fisheries — Walter Kudlich. February 28th. 

Board of Commerce and Navigation — John M. Ward. 
W. Parker Runyon; both July 1st. 

Board of Health — J. Oliver McDor.ald, Henrv Spence- 
both July 1st. 

Board of Charities and Corrections — Dwight W. 
Morrow, June 30th; Lewis Starr, ad in.; Mrs. H. Otto 
Wittptnn, ad in. 



400 EXECUTIVE APPOINTMENTS. 

Board of Medical Examiners — James J. McGiiire, 
February 21st; D. Webb Granberry, April 1st; Wil- 
liam Perry Watson, Charles A. Groves; both July 4th. 

Fish and Game Commission — William A. Faunce, 
November 2d; Jasper Lynch, ad in. 

Palisades Interstate Park — J. Du Pratt White, 
Mornay Williams; both IMarch 30th. 

Veterinary Medical Board — J. W. Hafer, James T. 
Glennon. 

Shell Fisheries — Peter C. Cozier, Frank Austin; 
both July 1st. 

Tenement House Supervision — Henry J. Wosbrock, 
ad in. 

Optometrists' Board — Freeman C. Learning, Lindall 
C. Ashburn; both July 1st. 

New Jersey Inter-State Bridge and Tunnel Com- 
mission — Richard T. Collings, Franklin Murp.iy. Feb- 
ruary 26th; Albeus T. Adams, ad in. 

Old Ag-e Insurance — Everett Colby, March 25th. 

Passaic Valley Sewerage Commission — James G. 
Blauvelt, May 5th. 

Public Reports — Benjamin B. Bobbitt, Marci 2d. 

Undertakers and Embalmers — Joseph J. Mullen, Sep- 
tember 26th. 

Commissioners of Pilotage — Benjamin Van Note, 
John J. Scully, William A. Maher, John D. Toppin; 
all February 25th; John Predmore. March 20th. 

Twenty-one visitors to the State Agricultural Col- 
lege, April 21st. 

County Board of Taxation — Atlantic, Thomas B. Wil- 
liams; Bergen, Herbert M. Bailey; Burlington, Joseph 
L. Thomas; Camden, Francis D. Weaver; Cape May, 
Samuel F. Eldridge; Cumberland, Edward H. Corson; 
Essex, William E. Sandmeyer; Gloucester, Eli Herit- 
age; Hudson, Clarence T. Van Deren ; Hunterdon. 
Chester Tomson; Mercer, Edwaid B. Morris; Middle- 
sex, George .1. Haney; IMorris, Horace L. Dunham: 
Monmouth, Albert L. Ivins; Ocean, James D. Holman: 
Passaic, Frederick Wolfhegel; Salem, Charles L. Rich- 
mond; Somerset, Edward E. Cooper; Sussex, Martin 
W. Bowman; Union, Lloyd Thompson; Warren. Art.iur 
G. Taylor. All May 1st. Sussex, John A. McBride, 
ad in. 

(AA'ithout the consent of the Senate.) 

Public Accountants — Edwin G. Woodling, April 29th. 

Police Justice — Orange, Edward W. Woodman, May 
1st. 

Teachers' Retirement Fund — Sophie M. Braun, 
James Fitzpatrick, October 11th. 



EXECUTIVE APPOINTMENTS. 401 

Industrial Education — Hoboken, Helene Wellenburg-; 
J. W. Rufus Besson; both April 8th; Newark, John 
A, Furman, Samuel E. Robertson; both May 27th; 
Trenton, Charles Howell Cook, John S. Broughton; 
both April 12th. 

Board of Pharmacy — William H. McNeill, April 28th. 

Board of Dentistrj^ — C. F. A. Hane, July 30th; Maxi- 
millian R. Brinkman, October 7th. 

North Jersey Water Supply Commission — William E. 
Ramsay, May 5th. 

State Board of Architects — Frederick W. Wentworth, 
Arnold H. Moses; both May 29th. 

Department of Agriculture — Edward A. Meciiling, 
H. AV. Jeffers; both July 1st. 

Nurses' Examining- Board — Mary A. Rockhill, Edith 
A. Hooper, February 14th. 

26 



402 UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT. 



UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT 



rrosidont — Woodrow Wilson, of New Jersey. 

Vice-President — Thomas K. Marshall, of Indiana. 

Secretary of State — Kohert Lansing, of New York. 

Secretary of the Treasury — Carter (ilass, Mrginia. 

Secretary of War — Newton D. Baker, ot Ohio. 

Attorney-General — Thomas Watt Gregory, of Texas. 

Postmaster-General — Albert Sidney Burleson, of Texas. 

Secretary of the Navy — .To;<ephus Daniels, of North Caro- 
lina. 

Secretary of the Interior — Franklin Knight Lane, of Cali- 
fornia, 

Secretary of Agriculture — David Franklin Houston, of 
Missouri. 

Secretary of Commerce — William C. Iledfield, of New 
York. 

Secretary of Labor — William Bauchop Wilson, of Penn- 
sylvania. 

Chief Justice of Supreme Court — Edward Douglas White, 
of Louisiana. 

Associate Justices— Joseph McKenna, of California ; 
Oliver Wendell Holmes, of Massachusetts; William U. Day, 
of Ohio ; Willis Van Devanter, of AYyoming ; Mahlon Pit- 
ney, of New Jersey ; James Clark McKeynolds, of Tennessee ; 
Louis D. Brandeis, of Massachusetts ; John Hessin Clarke, 
of Ohio. 

SALARIES OF UNITED STATES OFFICIALS. 

President of the United States, $75,000 and an allowance 
of .$25,000 for traveling expenses. 

Vice-President of the United States. .$12,000. 

Members of the Cabinet, ?12,000 each. 

Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, 
$15,000. 

Associate Justices of the Supreme Court of the United 
States, $14,500 each. '" 

Circuit Judges. $8,500 each. 

District Judges. $7,500 each. 

Senators and Representatives in Congress, $7,500 each, 
together with an allowance of twenty cents per mile for 
traveling from their homes to Washington for each regular 
session of Congress and $125 per annum for stationery. 
Representatives in Congress are also entitled to $1,500 per 
annum for clerk hire necessarily employed by them in the 
discharge of their official and representative duties. 

The Speaker of the House. $12,000 per annum. 



UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT. 403 

SALAIIIIOS OF THE AUMY AND NAVY. 

WAR DEPAHTMENT. 

Oonoral. $12,000; Lioutonant (Jonoral. .$11,000; Chief of 
Sta<r, $l(».O00; Major (Jonoral. $8,000; Brigadier (iencral. 
$6,000; Adjutant (ioncM-al, Inspector (Jeneral, Judffi' Advo- 
cate (Jem ral. (^)uartermastor (ieneral. Surgeon Oeneral, Chief 
of Engineers. Chief of Ordnance. Chief Signal Officer. Chief 
of Jitir(>an of Infantry Officers, Chief of Coa.st Artillery, Chief 
of Militia Btirean. I'rovost Marslial (ien(>ral. each $S,000 ; 
Colonel, $4,000; Lieutenant Colonel. $:{,r)()0 ; Major, $.S.OOI) ; 
Captain, $L',400 ; First Lieutenant, $1,700; Second Lieu- 
tenant. $1,700. I»er month the following: Sergeants. $44 
to $00 ; Musicians, $50 to $60 ; Corporals, $41 ; I'rivatrs. 
$3.'i to $3(5. 

NAVAL DEPARTMEXT. 

Admiral, $1.S.."')00 ; Rear Admirals, first nine, $8,000; 
second nine. $6,000; Captains. $4,000; Commanders, .$:}.r»00 ; 
Lieutenant Commander's, $:i.000 ; Lieutenants, $li,400 ; En- 
signs, $1,700; Midshipmen. $600; Chief Petty Officer, per 
month, $8:i ; Seamen, per month, $:?.3 to $41. 



404 



U. S. COURT OFFICIALS. 



U. S. COURT OFFICIALS. 



(1789 to date.) 

FOR NEW JERSEY. 

The United States District Court was organized at New 
Brnnswicli, on Tuesday, December 22d, 1789. 

DISTRICT JUDGES. 



David Brearlcy 1789 

Robert Morris 1790 

William S. Pennington, 1817 

William Rossell 1826 

Mahlon Dickerson 1840 

Philemon Dickerson .... 1841 
Richard S. Field 1863 



John T. Nixon 1870 

Edward T. Green 1889 

Andrew Kirkpatrick . . . 1896 
William M. Lanning. . .1904 

Joseph Cross 1905 

John Rellstab 1909 

Thomas G. Haight 1914 

J. Warren Davis 1916 



CLERKS. 



Jonathan Dayton 1789 

Andrew Kirkpatrick ... 1790 

Robert Boggs 1791 

William Pennington 1817 

Joseph C. Potts 1840 

Edward N. Dickerson. . 1844 
Philemon Dickerson, Jr.l853 



Andrew Dutcher 1862 

Ralph H. Shreve 1863 

E. Mercer Shreve 1868 

Robert C. Bellville 1871 

William S. Bellville 1875 

Linsly Rowe 1882 

George T. Cranmer 1893 



MARSHALS. 



Thomas Lowry 1789 

John Heard 1802 

Oliver Barnett 1802 

Oliver W. Ogden 1808 

Robert S. Kennedy 1849 

George H. Nelden 1853 

Benijah Deacon 1866 

W. Budd Deacon 1868 



Samuel Plummer 1869 

Robert L. Hutchinson ..1877 

W. Budd Deacon 1882 

A. E. Gordon , .1886 

W. Budd Deacon 1889 

George Pfeiffer 1893 

Thomas J. Alcott 1897 

Albert Bollschweiler . . . . 1914 



DISTRICT ATTORNEYS. 



Richard Stockton 1789 

Abraham Ogden 1782 

Lucius H. Stockton 1798 

George C. Maxwell 1802 

Joseph McUvaine 1804 

Lucius Q. C. Elmer 1824 

Garret D. Wall 1828 

James S. Green 1837 

William Halsted. 1849 

Garrit S. Cannon 1853 



Anthony Q. Keasbey . . . 1861 

Job H. Lippincott 1886 

Samuel F, Bigelow. . . .1887 

George S. Duryea 1888 

Henry S. White 1890 

John W. Beekman 1894 

J. Kearny Rice 1896 

David O. Watkins 1900 

John B. Vreeland 1903 

J. Warren Davis 1913 

Charles F. Lynch 1916 



U. S. COURT OFFICIALS. 405 

TRESENT OFFICIALS. 

Circuit Justice Mablon Pitney. 

(Joseph Buffington. 
Circuit Judges ^ John B. McPherson. 

( Victor B. Woolley. 

(John Rellstab. 
District Judges -^ Thomas G. Ilaight. 

^ J. Warren Davis. 

District Attorney Charles F. Lynch. 

First Asst. District Attorney Joseph L. Bodine. 

Second Asst. District Attorney Andrew J. Steelman. 

Josepli Smltli. 



Deputy Marshals, 



^^«^^t^"^^ ) Samuel Kessle. 

Marshal Albert Bollschweiler. 

John Prout. 

Linford A. Denny. 

Woodbury B. Snowdon. 

Christopher V. Gormley. 

Harry S. I'rovost. 

Ferdinand W. Stahlin. 
^ Albert Ettelson. 

Clerk of District Court ^George T. Cranmer. 

f Benjamin F. Havens. 

Deputy Clerks of District Court. . . .J Charles S. Chevrier. 

I Robert S. Chevrier. 
I William B. Reill.v. 

Internal Revenue Collectors.... f f.V^'-f ^,1'^^^"' C\™^^°-, 

1 Charles V. Dufifv, Newark. 



SIXTY-SIXTH CONGRESS. 

(1919-21.) 

New Jersey Members. 

Senators— David Baird, R., (March 3) 1919; Walter E. 
Edge, R.. 1919 to 1925 ; Joseph S. Frelinghuysen, R., 1923. 
Salary. $7,500. 

Representatives — First district, William J. Browning, R. ; 
Second district, Isaac Bacharach, R. ; Third district, Thomas 
J. Scully, D. ; Fourth district, Elijah C. Hutchinson, R. ; Fifth 
district, Ernest R. Ackerman, R. ; Sixth district, John R. 
Ramsey, R. ; Seventh district, Amos H. Radcliffe. R. ; Eighth 
district, Cornelius A. McGlennon, D. ; Ninth district, Daniel 
F. Minahan, D. ; Tenth district, Frederick R. Lehlbach. 
R. ; Eleventh district, John J. Eagan, D. ; Twelfth district, 
James A. Hamill, D. Salary, $7,500. 



STATE OFFICERS. 



STATE OFFICERS. 



EXECUTIVE DErARTMENT. 

Governor — Walter E. Edge, 1920. 

Secretary to the Governor — Francis E. Croasdale. 

Executive Clerk — John J. Farrcll. 

STATE DEPARTMENT. 

Secretary of State — Thomas F. Martin, 1920. 
Assistant Secretary — William L. Dill, 1920. 
Chief Clerk — Frank Transue. 

TREASURY DEPARTMENT. 

State Treasurer — William T. Read, 1919. 
Deputy Treasurer — L. Kensil Wildrick. 
State Comptroller — Newton A. K. Bugbee, 1920. 
Deputy Comptroller — Isaac Doughton. 

LAW DEPARTMENT. 

Attorr.cy-(J(nieral — Thomas F. McCran. 1024. 
Assistant Attorney-(ieneral^IIerl)(U-t Boggs. 
Second As.sistant — Grover C. Rlchman. 

Assistants to the Attorney-General — Francis II. McGee, 
Joseph Lanigan. John Solan. 

ERRORS AND APPEALS. 

Court of Errors and Appeals— The Chancellor, the Chief 
Justice and Justices of the Supreme Court ; Judges John J. 
White. 1924 : Henry S. Terhune. 1919 : Ernest J. Heppen- 
heimer, 1919 ; Robert Williams, 1921 ; Frank M. Taylor, 
1921 ; Walter P. Gardner, 1922. Clerk, Secretary of State. 

CHANCERY. 

Court of Chancery — Chancellor. Edwin Robert Walker, 
1919 ; Vicc-Chancellors, Frederic W. Stevens, 1924 ; Eugene 
Stevenson. 1922 ; Edmund B. Leaming, 1920 ; Vivian M. 
Lewis, 1919 ; John Griffin. 1920 ; John H. Backes, 1920 ; 
John E. Foster. 192.3; Merritt Lano. 1923. 

Ordinary and Surrogate-General — Edwin Robert Walker. 

Clerk in Chancery — Robert H. McAdams, 1919. 

Deputy Clerk — Edward M. Appelgate. 

Chancery Reporter — Bayard Stockton, 1021. 



STATE OFFICERS. 407 

SUritEME COURT. 

Siiprome Court — Chief Justice, William S. (iummere, 1022 : 
Associnte Justices, Cliarles (i. Garrison, 1028; Francis J. 
Swavze, 1024 ; Thomas W. Trenchard, 1021 : Charles W. 
l»arkor, 1021 : James J. Berireii, 1021 ; James F. Minturn. 
1022: Samuel Kalisch. V.)2o : Charles C. Black. 1022. 

Clerk of the Supreme Court — Enoch E. Johnson, 102:5. 

Law Reporter— Charles E. (4ummere, 1010. 

CIRCUIT COURT. 

Circuit Court Judges — Frederic Adams, 1024: Frank T. 
Lloyd. 1021; William II. Sj)ei'r. 1022: Nelson Y. Dun-an. 
l'.)2'r>; Howard Carrow. 1020: Lnther A. Campbell. 1021; 
George S. Silzer. 1022; Willard W. Culler, 11)28. 

I'AP.DONS. 

Court of Pardons — (Governor, Chancellor and La.v Judges 
of the Court of Errors and Appeals. Clerk, Secretary of 
State. Pardon Clerk, John J. Farrell. 



DISTRICT COURTS. 

District Court Judges — Atlantic City, I'rank Smathers, 

1021 ; Bayonne, Peter StUv/ell. 1021 : Bevgen county. Fir:-;t 
district. Bergentield, E Howard Foster. 1020 ; Second dis- 
trict. East Rutherford, (iuy Leverne Fak(>. 1010 ; Third 
district, Ilackensack and Ridgewood. P(>ter W. Stagg, 1010 ; 
Camden, Gartield Pancoast, 1022 ; East Orange. Charles B. 
Clancy. 1020 ; Elizaheth. Abe J. David, 1019 ; Essex. First 
district, .Montdair, Harry X. Reeves. 1022 ; Hoboken. J. 
Raymond Tiffany, 102.''. ; Hudson county. First district. Town 
of I'nion. Francis H. Mc(^auley. 1920 ; Second district. 
Kearny. Arthur B. Archibald. 1028 : Monmouth couTity. 
First district* Asbury Park, Px n.jamin B. Smith. 1028 : 
Second district. Long Branch. Harry Truax, 102:5 : Morri-; 
county, First district. Morristown, Joseph lliucliman. 1020 ; 
Second district, Dov<n'. Lyman M. Smith, 1028 : Jersev Citv, 
Clyde D. Souter, 1028 : Charles L. Carrick, 1010 ; Newark. 
Cecil II. McMahon. 1928 ; Frederic L. Johnson, 1020 ; New 
Brunswick, Freeman Woodbridge. 1021 ; Orange, Daniel A. 
Dugan. 1021 : Passaic. W. Carrington Cabel, 1921 ; Pater- 
son. Edmund B. Randall. 1028; I'laintield. J. Henry Crane. 

1022 : Perth Aniboy, Chaiies C. Hommanu, 1920 ; Somerset 
county. Somerville. William F. Vosseller, 1020; Trenton, 
John A. Montgomery. 1020. 



408 STATE OFFICERS. 

MILITARY DEPARTMENT. 

f'ommancler-in-Chief— Walter E. Edge, Governor. 

Adjutant-General — Brigadier-General Frederick (Jilkysou. 

Quaiterma.ster-Goneral — Brigadier-General C. Edward Mur. 
raJ^ 

Inspector-General — Lieutenant-Colonel Robert L. Patterson. 

Judge Advocate-(TeneraI — Major Scott Scammell. 

Ordnance Department — Major Arthur F. Foran. 

Inspector-(5ene]'al of Rifie Practice — Brigadier-General Bird 
W. Spencer. 

Deputy Adjutant-General — Lieutenant-Colonel John M. 
Rogers. 

Chief Clerk, Quartermaster-GeneraPs Office — Lieutenant- 
Colonel Samuel S. Armstrong, retired. 

Aides-de-Camp to the Commander-in-Chief —Colonel Myron 
W. Robinson, Major Arthur F. Foran, Major Alexander P. 
Gray, Jr., retired. 

NATIONAL GUARD. 

Field Artillery- — Second Regiment, Newark, Howard S. 
Borden. Colonel. 

Coast Artillery Corps — Third Company, Long Branch. 
James W. Wood, Captain ; Fourth Company, Fair Haven, 
Louis R. Parkeson, Captain. 

EDUCATIONAL DEPARTMENT. 

State Board of Education — :Melvin A. Rice. Pr( sident. Red 
Bank, 1019; D. Stewart Craven, Salem, 1924; John P. Mur- 
ray. Jersey City, 1920; .lohn C. Van Dyke, New Brunswick, 
1926; Oscar W. .lefPery. Englcwood, 1922; Thomas W. 
Synnotr, Wenonuh, 192.S ; Ernest R. Ackerman, Plaintieid, 
1921; Robert Lynn Cox, Montclair, 1925; Calvin N. Ken- 
dall, Secretary. ]Meetings, tirst Saturday of each month at 
10 :oO A. :yi., at State House, Trenton. 

DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION. 

Commissioner of Education — Calvin N. Kendall, Princeton, 
]921. 

Assistant Commissionei's — John Enright, Freehold ; Albert 
B. Meredith, Newark ; Wesley A. O'Leary, Westfield ; Zenos 
E. Scott, Lawrenceville. 

Bureau of Credentials — Chief, Thomas D. Sensor. 

Educational Institutions — Normal School at Trenton, John 
J. Savitz, Principal ; Normal School at Montclair, Chas. S. 
Chapin, Principal ; Normal School at Newark, W. Spader 
Willis, Principal ; Deaf Mute School at Trenton, Alvin E. 
Pope. Principal: Manual Training and Industrial School for 
Colored Youth, William R. Valentine, I'rincipal. 



STATE OFFICERS. 409 

State Board of Examiners — Calvin N. Kendall, Chairman ; 
John J. Savitz, Charles S. Chapin, W. Spader T\'illis, Henry 
Snyder, Henry C. Krel)s. Thomas D. Sensor, Secretary. 

Business Division — Herbert N. Morse, in charge ; Inspector 
of Accounts. Lee A. Thompson ; Inspector of Buildings, 
Charles McDermott. 

COUNTY SUPERINTENDENTS OF SCHOOLS. 

Atlantic, Henry M. Cressman, Egg- Harbor City ; Bergen, 
B. C. Wooster, Hackensack ; Burlington, Louis J. Kayser, 
Mount Holly ; Camden, Charles S. Albertson, Magnolia ; 
Cape May, Aaron W. Hand, Cape May ; Cumberland, J. J. 
Unger, Bridgeton ; E.ssex, O. J. Morelock, Newark ; 
Gloucester, Daniel T. Steelman, Glassboro ; Hudson, Austin 
H. Updike, Jersey City ; Hunterdon. Jason S. Hoffman, 
Flemington ; Mercer, Joseph M. Arnold, Princeton ; Middle- 
sex, H. Brewster Willis, New Brunswick ; Monmouth, Charles 
J. Strahan, Freehold; Morris, J. Howard Hulsart, Morris- 
town ; Ocean, Charles A. Morris, Toms River ; Passaic, 
Edward W. Garrison, Paterson ; Salem, H. C. Dixon, Salem ; 
Somerset, H. C. Krebs, Somerville ; Sussex. Ralph Decker, 
Sussex ; Union. A. L. Johnson, Elizabeth ; Warren, Howard 

E. Shimer, Phillipsburg. 

City Superintendents — Asbury Park, Amos E. Kraybill ; 
Atlantic City, C. B. Boyer, Supervising Principal ; Bayonne, 
P. H. Smith ; Bloomfield, George Morris ; Bordentown, H. 
V. Holloway ; Bridgeton, D. C. Porter ; Cape May City, E. R. 
Brunyate ; Camden, James E. Bryan ; Clifton. George J. 
Smith; East Orange, E. C. Broome; Elizabeth,' Richard E. 
Clement ; Englewood, Elmer C. Sherman ; Gloucester, W. F. 
Burns ; Hoboken, A. J. Demarest ; Irvington, R. Lee 
Saunders ; Jersey City, Henry Snyder ; Kearny, Herman 
Dressel ; L|ong B;j-anc|h, Christopher Gregory ; Millville, 

F. S. Sickles ; Montclair, Don C. Bliss ; Newark, Dr. David 
B. Corsion ; New Brunswick, Ira T. Chapman ; North 
Bergen, M. F. Husted ; Ocean City, James M. Stevens ; 
Orange, W. B. Patrick ; Passaic, F. S. Shepperd ; Paterson, 
J. R. Wilson ; Perth Amboy, S. E. Shull ; Phillipsburg, H. J. 
Neal ; Plaintield, Henry M. Maxon ; Pleasantville, Wm. Sul- 
livan ; Rahway, Wm. F. Little ; Salem, W. B. Davis ; South 
Amboy, O. O, Barr ; Summit, H. A. Sprague ; Trenton, 
Ebenezer Mackey ; Town of Union, N. C. Billings ; West 
Hoboken, Arthur O. Smith. 

SCHOOL FUND TRUSTEES. 

Trustees of the School Fund — Governor, Secretary of 
State, Attorney-General, State Comptroller, State Treasurer 
and Commissioner of Education. 



410 STATE OFFICERS. 

FAltXUM PRErARATOKY SCIIOOU 

Trusters — Arthur Phillips. Alexander Ferguson, Jr.. S. A. 
Neidich, W. A. Cartrigbt, all of Beverly : Calvin N. Kendall. 
I'rinceton. 

STATE LIBRARY. 

Commissioners — Governor, Chancellor, Chief Justice, At- 
torney-General, Secretary of State, Treasurer, Comptroller. 
State Librarian— John I'. Dullard, 1010. 

PUBLIC LIBRARY COMillSSIOXERS. 

Moses Taylor Pyne. Chairman. Princeton. 1021 : John P. 
Dullard, 1920 : Everitt T. Tomlinson. Elizabeth, 1019 ; John 
Cotton Dana, Newark, 1022 : Emmor Roberts. Moorestown, 
1023; Henry C. Buchanan, Secretary: Sarah B. Askew and 
Edna B. Pratt, Organizers, Trenton. 



BOARDS. BUREAUS. ETC. 411 



BOARDS, BUREAUS AND DEPART- 
MENTS. 



AI'DITIXti DEPARTMENT. 

(Office of tho State Comptroller.) 

Chief Auditor and Assistant to the Comptroller. Ilarr.v 
B. Salter. Tienton r Assistants. Arthur F. McGrath. Jersey 
City : David Davies. Newark ; David C. Wells. Bordentown : 
Charles R. Felry. Charles yi. :Mathi r, Trenton: .Tames IT. 
Bolton, Somerville. 

ACCOUNTANTS. riBEIC. 

Edwin O. \^'oodling. Cranford. 1010 ; TTenry C. Magee, 
Camden, 1018; John B. Niven. Upper Montclair, 1020. 

A<iIUCT'T^TUi:E. DET'APvTMENT OF. 

Joseph S. T^rclinghuysen. Somervill«\ President. lOl'O ; 
L'rederiek M. Curtis. Harrington T'ark. 1021 : K. A. Sex- 
smith, Belmar It. F. D.. 1021 : W. W. Titsworth. Newark. 
1022 : L. Willard Minch, Bridgeton, 1022 : Edward A. 
Mechling. Moorestown, lO'lO : IT. W. Jeffers. I'lainsboro. 
1010: Theodore Brown. Swedesboro. T^'-?o : S ere*;iiy. A'- a 
Ag< e. New Brunswick : Bureau of Statistics and Inspection, 
Franklin Dye : Bureau of Land Crops and Markets, Alexis 
Tj. Clark. Trenton : Chief. Bureau Animal Industry. Dr. 
J. H. McNeil. Trenton : Entomologist. Dr. T. J. Headlee. 
New Brunswick : Plant Pathologist. Dr. M. T. Cook. "New 
Brunswick : Farm Management Specialist. W. B. Duryee. 
Trenton. 

AGRICULTURAT^ COLLEGE (STATE). 
(New Brunswick.) 
Board of Visitors — Atlantic county, William A. Blair, 
Elwood ; Bergen county, Arthur Lozier, Ridgewood : Bur- 
lington county, R. E. Lippincott, Vincentown ; Camden 
county. Ephraim T. Gill, Haddonfield : Cape May county, 
Charles P. Vanaman. Dias Creek : Cumberland county, 
Charles F. Seabrook. Bridgeton : Essex county. Zenos G. 
Crane, Caldwell ; Gloucester county. Wilbur Beckett. Swedes- 
boro ; Hudson county, Dietrich Bahrenljerg. Union Hill : 
Mercer county, Josiah T. Allinson. Yardvillc : Hunterdon 
county, Egbert T. Bush, Stockton ; Middlesex county, James 
Neilson, New Brunswick ; Monmouth countv. Wiiliam TI. 



412 BOARDS, BUREAUS, ETC. 

Reid, Tennent ; Morris county, John C. Welsh, German 
Valley; Ocean county, Joseph Sapp. Tuckerton ; Passaic 
county, Isaac A Servin, Clifton ; Salem county, Charles R. 
Hires, Salem ; Somerset county, Joseph Larocque, Bernards- 
ville ; Sussex county, Robert V. Armstrong, Augusta ; Union 
county, John Z. Hetfield, Scotch Plains ; Warren county, 
James I. Cook. Delaware. All April 21, 1919. 

Experiment Station No. 1 — Board of Managers, Agricul- 
tural College Visitors. Ex-officio Managers, Governor Edge, 
W. H. S. Demarest, President of the College ; Jacob G. Lip- 
man. President of the Board, James Neilson ; Secretary- 
Treasurer, Irving E. Quackenboss ; Director, Jacob G. Lip- 
man. 

Experiment Station No. 2 — Supported entirely by Federal 
funds and is under control of the Trustees of Rutgers Col- 
lege. Special Committee of the Board and College Farm — 
W. H. S. Demarest, President of the College, chairman : 
William H. Leupp, James Neilson. Philip M. Brett, Drury 
W. Cooper, William S. Myers ; Secretary, J. Preston Searle ; 
Treasurer, Henry I'. Schneeweiss ; Director, Jacob G. Lip- 
man. 

ARCHITECTURE DEPARTMENT. 

Architect, State — Francis II. Bent. Bound Brook, 1922. 
Technical Adviser — -William W. Law, Princeton. 

ARCHITECTS, STATE BOARD. 

State Board of Architects — Charles P. Baldwin. President. 
Newark. 1920 ; William W. Slack. Secretary, Trenton. 1920 ; 
Hugh Roberts, Jersey City. 1920 : Frederick W. Wentworth, 
Paterson, 1919; Arnold H. Moses, Camden, 1919. 

BANKING AND INSURANCE. 

Commissioner— Frank H. Smith. 1921. 

Deputy Commissioner — Thomas K. Johnston. 

Assistant Deputy — Christopher A. Gough. 

Chief Clerk— Charles M. Bilderback. 

Chief, Building and Loan Division — Robert J. Thompson. 

Chief, Inspection Bureau — Winfield W. Greene. 

CIVIL SERVICE. 

Commissioners— John Dyncley Pvince. Kingwood, Presi- 
dent. 1919 : William K. Devereux, Asburv Park, 1923 ; Max 
Miller, Hoboken, 1920: Edward H. Wright. Newark. 1921- 
William D. Nolan. Somerville. 1922. Chief Examiner and 
Secretary, Charles I'. INIessick, Trenton ; Assistant Secretary 
Thomas E. M(>rnin ; Assistant Examiner, Oliver Short. 



BOARDS, BUREAUS, ETC. 41S 

COMMERCE AND NAVIGATION, BOARD OF. 

J. Spencer Smith, President, Tenafly, 1921 ; Richard C. 
Jenkinson, Vice President, Newark. 1922 ; Allen K. White, 
Atlantic City, 1920; William T. Kirk, Beverly, 1920; Rob- 
ert F. Engle, Beach Haven, 1921 ; William L. Saunders, 
North Plainfield, 1922 ; John M. Ward, Paterson, 1919 ; 
W. Parker Runyon, Perth Amhoy, 1919. Consulting Engineer, 
Benjamin F. Cresson, Jr., Jersey City ; Director, Victor 
Gelineau ; First Assistant Engineer, Henry J. Sherman ; 
Chief Drafter, Edward J. Murphy ; Chief Clerk, Edward II. 
Russell ; Counsel, Harrison P. Lindabury. 

CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT, 
DEPARTMENT OF 

StepJien Pfeil, Camden, 1920 ; Henry Crofut White, Presi- 
dent, North Plainfield, 1920; Simon P. Northrup, Newark, 
1921 ; William E. Tuttle, Jr., Westfield, 1922 : George A. 
Steele, Eatontown, 1919 ; Percival Christie, High Bridge, 
1921 ; Isaac F. Richey, Trenton, ad in. ; John L. Kuser, 
Bordentown, ad in. Director and State Forester, Alfred 
Gaskill ; State Geologist. Henry B. Kummel ; State Fire- 
warden, Charles P. Wilber. 

FISH AND GAME DEPARTMENT. 

Commissioners — Ernest Napier. President. East Orange. 
1922; William A. Logue, Treasurer, Bridgeton, 1920; Wil- 
liam A. Faunce, Atlantic City, 1919 ; Alexander H. Phillips, 
Princeton, 1923: Robertson's. Ward, East Orange, 1922; 
Amos H. Radcliffe. Paterson, 1922 ; Jasper Lynch, Lake- 
wood, ad in. ; Walter H. Fell. Secretary. -State House. Tren- 
ton ; J. M. Stratton. Chief Warden, Long Branch ; Howard 
Mathis, Assistant Chief Warden, New Gretna ; Harry E. 
Cudney, Assistant Chief Warden. Hackettstown. Wardens — 
William B. Loder, Egg Harbor City ; Otis C. Small. Hammon- 
ton ; William H. Small, Englewood ; Charles C. Morton, Mt. 
Holly ; Charles W. Folker, Camden ; William Steel, Cape 
May Court House ; Fred S. Conner, Bridgteon ; George W. 
Phifer, Ormond ; Fred J. Hall, Bloomfield ; John H. Avis, 
Woodbury ; John J. Park, White House Station ; II. M. Love- 
less, R. F. D. No. 1, Trenton ; Charles Steuerwald, South 
Amboy ; Arthur Davison, R. F. D. No. 1, Belmar ; W. E. 
Young, Chester ; A. J. Rider, Tuckerton ; P. K. Hilliard. 
Manahawkin ; James H. Evernham. Bayville ; Wm. C. 
Klein, Clifton : G. I. Hall, Salem ; ' David A. Thompson, 
Salem; Charles E. Welsh, East Millstone: J. D. Roe, New- 
ton : Wm. Hoblitzell, Rahway ; J. F. Cox, Washington ; J. 
B. Bailey, Washington. 



414 BOARDS, BUREAUS, ETC. 

FISHERIES, STATE BOARD OF. 

C. Asa Francis. Chairman. Eong Branch. Ift23 : Walter 
Cudlich, West Iloboken, 1010; .Tohn Schloss. Newark, 1020; 
Augustus Hilton. Wikhvoocl, 1021: A. F. Runyon, Belford. 
1922. 

FISHERIES. SHELL DEPARTMENT. 

Peter C. Cozier. President. Newport. 1010 : Joseph P. 
Fowler, Port Norris. 1021 : Churles R. Covert, Leesburg, 
] 020 ; Alfred B. Smith. East Atlantic Cit.v. 1020 : Lorenzo 
D. Robhins. New (iretna, 1021 : Russell I'ost. Keyport. 1022 ; 
Augustus J. ileerwald. Dennisvillo. 1022 : Frank R. Austin, 
Tuckerton. 1010. Director — Ceorge A. Mott. Tuckerton. 
Chief of Atlantic County Branch — Edmund B. Smith. Chief, 
of Ocean, Monmouth and Burlington Branch — Cornelius T). 
Kelly. 

HEALTH, DEPARTMENT OF. 

William H. Chew. President. Salem. 1920: Frederick T. 
Crane, Orange. 1020 : Clyde I'otts. C. E., Morristown. 1921 ; 
Oliver Kelly, Oak Tree, 1922 : Howard E. Winter. Plaintield. 
1922; J. Oliver McDonald, M. D., Trenton. 1919: Henry 
Spence. :M. D.. Jersey City, 1010; Thomas B. Lee. M. D., 
Camden, 1021. Director — Dr. Jacob Cole I'rice. Assistant 
Director and Chief of Laboratory of Hygiene — R. B. Fitz- 
Randolph. Department Chiefs — Bureau of Medical Super- 
vision, Dr. A. Clark Hunt : Bureau of Local Health Ad- 
ministration, David C. Bowen : Bnr<^:ni of Vital Statistics. 
David S. South ; Bureau of Engineering. Harry P. Croft : 
Bureau of Education and Publicity, Dr. A. Clark Hunt. Act- 
ing Chief: Bureau of Food and Drugs, W. W. Scofield, Jr.. 
Acting Chief ; Division of General Administration. Charle-s 
J. Merrell ; Division of Child H.vgiene. Dr. Julius Levy. 

IinniWAY (STATE) COMMISSION. 

John W. Hei-bort, President, Ilelmetta, 1022 : Anthony R. 
Kuser, Bernardsville. 1022 : Robert S. I'arsons. Nutley. ad 
in.; Watson C. Clark. Tenafly, 1020; Walter J. Buzby. 
Atlantic City, 1020; Samuel Haverstick, Trenton, ai in.: 
Ceorge A. Blakeslee. Jersey City. 1021 : Lewis C. Duncan. 
Westville. ad in. 

State Engineer — General George W. Goethals, New York. 

State Highway Engineer — William G. Thomp-'on, Trenton. 

Assistant Engineer — Edvrard E. Reed, Trenton. 

Division Engineers — E. M. Tail, Plaintield : Ilariy D. Rob- 
l)ins, Trenton : Roy ]Mullins, Collingswood. 

Chief Clerk — A. Lee Grover, Trenton. 



BOARDS, Bl^REAUS, ETC. 415 

IXriKRTTANCE TAX SITERVISORS. 
lOmre of Staff- Comptroller.) 

State Supervisor — William T). Kelly. State House, Trenton. 

Special Invcstiirator.s — Theodore Rurode. Jersey City ; Ken- 
neth II. I^nnint^. Trenton. 

Tlistrict Supervisors — Howard R. Cloud. Atlantic City ; 
James D. :Moore. Hack( nsack : Charles Stokes, Riverside : 
Jo1)n C. Doughttn, Camden ; Charles A. Bounell. Cape May 
Court House ; Charles R. Tomlin, Bridgeton ; Teter A. 
Cavicchia. Newark: Willard E. Miller. Paulsboro ; David 
F. Edwards, Jerspy City : Avery E. Barker, Flemington : 
James E. Mitchell, Trenton : Schuyler C. Van Cleef, New 
l^rnnswick : E. I. Van Derveer, Freehold : Martin R. 
O'Keefe. Morristown : Wm. B. Sprague, Manahawkin ; 
Roljert J. McUoi-mott. Paterson : Elmer H. Smith. Salem: 
Frank W. Remsen, Somervillo : Ackerson J. Mackerley. New- 
ton : Frank A. English. p]liza1)eth : J. Milton Guthrie. Jr., 
Phillipshurg. 

NEW JERSEY INTER-STATK BRIIXtE AND TFNNEE 
COMMISSION. 

William H. Noyes. Chairman. Tenafly. 1022 : Samuel T. 
French. ^'ice-Chairman. Camden. 1020 : Palmer Campbell. 
Hoboken. 1020 : Franklin Murph.v? Newark. 1010 : Richard 
T. Collings. Coilingswood. 1010; Thomas J. S. Barlow. 
Maple Shade. 1022 : Daniel F. Hendrickson, Woodbury. 
1021 : T. Albens Adams, Montclair, ad in. Secretary — 
Chai-Ies R. Bacon. Camden. 

LABOR DEPARTMENT. 

Commissioner of LLi))or — Lewis T. Bryant. Atlantic Citv. 
102;i. 

Inspection Bureau — Assistant Commissioner of Labor, 
John I. Holt. Trenton. 

Bureau of Structural Inspection — Chief. Charles H. 
Weeks. Trenton : Structural Inspector, Henry Klussmann. 
West Holwken. 

Bureau of Electrical Equipment — Chief, Rowland II. Lev- 
eridge, Plainfleld ; Electrical Inspector. Crowell M. Ilaslett, 
Jersey City. 

Bureau of IDgiene and Sanitation — Chief. John Roach. 
Irvington : H.vgiene and Sanitation Inspector. George J. 
Speidel. P:iizab< th : Expert Occupational Disease Investiga- 
tor. Lillian Erskine, Montclair. 

Workmen's Compensation Aid Bureau — Secretary, Wm. E. 
Stubbs, Trenton. Referees. Harry J. Goas. West Orange : 
(Ji^orge J. Jaeger, Newark. Investigator, John W. Kent, 
Paterson. Physician. Dr. Adolph Flachs. Newark. 



416 BOARDS, BUREAUS, ETC. 

Bureau of Industvial Statistics— Chief, James T. Morgan, 
Elizalieth ; Clerk, James T. Gribbiu, Trenton ; Clerk, Louis 
F. A. Herold, Newark. 

Steam Engine and Boiler Operator's License Bureau — 
Chief Examiner, Joseph T. Scott, Whippany ; Examiner, 
Arthur L. Case, Bound Brook ; Examiner, P^dward Walker, 
Jersey City. Boiler Board — T. W. Cassler, F. VanWinkle. 

State Employment Bureau — Director, Joseph Spitz. New- 
ark. Assistants, John C. Wayner, Paterson ; Russ^ell J. 
Eldridge, Newark. 

Bureau of ExpIosives^ — Chief. Newell T. Gordon, Trenton. 

Factory Inspectors — Henry Kuehnle, Egg Harbor City ; 
William Baird, Vineland ; James H. Tallon, Trenton ; Fred- 
erick Rearwin, Trenton ; James E. Stanton, Sussex ; Ed- 
ward Hotchkiss, Newark ; Wm. Crowley. Jersey City ; Henry 
Lohse, Newark ; Henry Booth, Bloomfii Id ; Wm. VanAsson. 
Passaic ; August Graf, Hoboken ; Wm. Schlachter, Orange ; 
John P. Diviny, Paterson ; August Munson, Dover ; Laura 
W. Moore. Camden : Lydia E. Sayer, Newark ; Mrs. Nellie 
H. Slayback. Montclair. 

Bakery Inspectors — Patrick J. Hayes, Jersey City ; ftN'il- 
liam J. E. Seder. Newark. 

MEDICAL. DENTISTRY. PHARMACY AND VETER- 
'INARIAN. 

State Board of Medical Examiners — William P. Watson, 
Jersey City, 1010 ; Davis P. Borden, Paterson, 1020 : John 
J. Mooney, .Jersey City, 1021 ; Alexander McAllistir, Cam- 
den, 1020"; Charles A. Groves, East Orange, 1010; D. Webb 
Cranberry, East Orange, 1010 ; James J. McGuire, Treas- 
ui-er, Trenton, 1010 ; Joseph II. Bryan, Asbury Park, 1020 : 
J. W. Hughes, Atlantic City, ad in. ; Philip Marvel, Atlantic 
City, ad in. 

State Board of Dentistry — A. L. Wescott. Atlantic City. 
1020; C. P. A. Hane, Jersey City, 1910; Walter F. Barry. 
Orange, 1020 ; John C. Forsyth, Trenton, 1921 ; Maximillian 
R. Brankman, Hackensack, 1010 ; Franklin Rightmire, 
Paterson, 1021 ; William I. Thompson. Asbury Park, 1022 ; 
William H. Gelston, Camden, 102.3. 

State Board of Pharmac.v — George M. Beringer, Jr.. Cam- 
den, 1020 ; Ferdinand A. Bongartz, Jersey City, 102a ; Wil- 
liam H. McNeil, Paterson. 1010 ; Edgar R. Sparks, Burling- 
ton, 1021 ; Daniel H. Hills, Spring Lake, 1022. 

State Board of Veterinary Medical Examiners — .Tames L. 
Lindsay, Jersey City, 1021 ; James T. Glennon, Newark. 
1010; J. W. Haffer. Paterson, 1010; E. Leon Loblien, New 
Brunswick, 1020 ; J. Payne Low, Passaic, 1920. 



BOARDS, BUREAUS, ETC. 417 

^lOTOR VEHICLE DErARTMENT. 

Coniinission(n---Williiun L. Dill. 

Chief Clerk — William .T. Doardcn. 

AiKlitoi- — Nelson P. IIowoll. 

Secretary to Commissioner — M. Aa;nes Smith. 

Inspectors (naicn — Chief, Edward Johnson. Jersey City; 
Depnty Chief. Anderson Shinn. Bm-lington : George Thomp- 
son. Somerville ; Alexander Ackermann. West New York ; 
John W. Baldwin. Jersey City ; Charles D. Pedigree, Cam- 
den : Dane B. Sawver, Westwood ; E. Frank Boutillier, East 
Orange : Harry G. Burton, New Brunswick ; William K. 
Lovett. Wildwood : William C. Vey, Hackettstown ; LeRoy 
Wyckoff, Manasquan ; Edward A. Martens, Newark ; ilaurice 
n. Alines, Atlantic City : William K. Teel. Washington ; 
Howard S. Fulper, Hampton ; Lester W. Gilbert, Jersey 
City : LeRoy Laaning, Merchantville : Joseph E. McCahe, 
Paterson ; William S. Cooper. Trenton : Henry Downs, Madi- 
son ; Harold Wintermute, Newton ; James J. Shanley, Eliza- 
beth ; Harold Headley. Millville : Wm. F. Fitzgerald, Pater- 
son ; Michael M. Fitzpatrick, Holwken : John W. Frost, 
Weehawken ; Frank E. Snyder, Newark ; William H. Dyke- 
man, Jersey City : Cortland Parker, Trenton ; Arthur Stagg, 
Hackensack : Alexander J. Dennen, Princeton; James P. 
Hannan, Paterson. 

MUNICIPAL ACCOUNTS. 
Commissioner — WaJter R. Darby, Westfield, 1920. 

MUSEUM. STATE. 
Curator — Mrs. Katherine Greywaezs. 

NURSES. 

Board of Examiners — President, Marietta B. Squire, New- 
ark. 1920: Edilh A. Hooper. Jersey City. 1919: Marv E. 
Rockhill. Camden. 1919: Miss M. J. Stone, HackensacTf, 
1921 ; Arabella R. Creech. Elizabeth, 1921. 

NEW YORK AND NEW JERSEY PORT AND HARBOR 
COMMISSION. 

New Jersey — J. Spence Smith, Ter.afly : DeWitt Yan- 
Buskirk. Bayonne ; Frank R. Ford, Rahway. 

New York — Curtis James, Eugene H. Outerbridge, William 
R. Wilcox ; all of Ne^v York City. 

Chief Engineer — B. F. Cresson, Jr. 
27 



418 BOARDS, BUREAUS, ETC. 

OPTOMETRY. STATE BOARD. 

I^uis A. Rocliat, T'pper Montclair, 1020 : Eindell C. Ash- 
liurn, Cape May City. 1010 : Freeman C. DoaminET, President, 
Trenton, 1010; Beniarain Block. Elizaltetli. lOi'l : Pcvcy A. 
Boiirke, Paterson, 1021. 

PALISADES INTERSTATE PARK. 

Commissioners — George Waklrirlee Perkins. New York City. 
1021; Edward L. Partridge. New York City. 1020; .J. Du- 
Pi-att White. Nyack. N. Y.. 1010 : William H. Porter. New 
York City. 1023 : Frederick Sutro. Basking Ridge. 1023 ; 
Charles W. Baker. Montclair. 1022 ; Richard V. Lindabury, 
Newark, 1021: :Mornay Williams. Englewood. 1010: W. 
Avereli Ilarriman. Arden. N. Y'.. 1022 : John J. Voorhees. 
Jersey City, 1020. 

PTLOTA(JE COMMISSION. 

Commissioners (office, 17 State street. New Y'ork City) — 
Ben.iamin Van Note, President. Dikewood. 1010 ; Douglas 
Haley, Maiiricetown. 1020 ; John .1. Scully. South Amboy, 
1010 ; William A. Maher, Ilcboken. 1010 : John Predmore, 
Barnegat, 1010 ; John D. Toppin. Newark, 1010. 

POLICE JUSTICES. 

Orange — EdAvard W. Woodman, 1010. 
South Orange — John S. Magee. 1022.' 

PI'jIJLIC UTILITY DEPARTMENT. 

Commissioners — John W. Slocum. President, Long Branch. 
1021; Alfred S. March, New Brunswick, 1023: George F. 
Wright. Paterson. 1024. Secretary, Alfred N- Barber, Tren- 
ton. Assistant Secretary, iliss Mary T. West. Counsel. L. 
Edward Herrmann, Jersey City. 

Inspectors — Philander Betts. [Montclair;. James Maybury. 
Jr., Clifton ; Charles A. Alead, Upper Montclair ; Henry S. 
Lyon. Newark ; Peter J. Kerwin. Paterson ; Ed. B. Annett. 
Bayonne ; Joseph N. Vacca, Newark ; Henry E. Carver, East 
Orange ; Louis M. Meckler, Jr., Elizabeth ; Oakley W. Wean, 
Milford ; Nathaniel Sofman, Newark ; Leo F. Conlon, New- 
ark ; Francis J. Daly. Newark ; John P. Petty. Newark ; 
Terrance F. Beggans. Jersey City ; Morton W. Huttenloch, 
Montclair ; Raymond Pfaff, Elizabeth ; Lloyd McEntire, 
Trenton. 

RAILROADS, JOINT COMPANIES. 

State Director — Joseph Kaighn, Moorestown, 1010. 



BOARDS, BUREAUS, ETC. 419 

IlEI'ORTS, PUBTJC, DEPARTMENT. 
Commissioner — Benjamin B. Bobbitt, 1919. 

SEWERACxE, PASSAIC VALLEY COMMISSION. 

Bernard Vv". Torlinde. President, Newark, 1921 ; James P. 
Jjofxaji, Newark, 1922; William Black. Rutherford, 1923; 
.Tames G. Blam elt. Paterson. 1919 ; Robert E. Torrence, 
Kearny. 1920. Counsel — Adrian Riker. Acting Clerk — Wil- 
liam Gavin Taylor. 

STATE ENGINEERING CONFERENCE. 

Or2:anized pursuant to chapter 190. law^ of 1915. and 
composed of officials and representatives of state depart- 
ments as follows : Department of • Public Roads, Public 
Utility Commission. Commissioner of Motor Vehicles. Direc- 
tor of Conservation and Development, Chief Engineer of 
Commerce and Na^ig.^tion, State Board of Taxes and Assess- 
ment. State Architect. State Department of Agriculture, De- 
partment of Health. Department of Labor. Civil Service 
Commission. Alfred Gaskill, Secretary. 

STATE HOUSE COMMISSION. 

The Governor. State Ti^easurer and State Comptroller. 

Custodian of the State House and Public Grounds — .lohn 
A. Siiiith. 

State Purchasing A£;ent — Edward E. Grosscup, Wenonah, 
1921. 

Assistant to the Purchasing Agent — Joseph M. Coyle, 
Jersey City. 

Assistants —Arthur E. .Johnson. Edward C. Stratton ; both 
of Trenton. 

TAXES AND ASSESSMENT, STATE BOARD OF. 

Frank B. Jess, President. Haddon Heights. 1921 ; (Jeorge 
T. Bouton, Jersey City. 1919 ; Fred A. Gentieu, Penn.s- 
grove, 1920 ; Alonzo D. Ilerrick, Hackettstown. 1921 ; Harry 
W. Mutchlfr. .Rockaway, 1921. Secretary — Frank D. 
Schroth. Field Secretary and Clerk — Frank A. O'Connor. 
Engineer — Louis Focht. 

COUNTY BOARDS OF TAXATION'. 

Atlantic County— Thomas B. Williams. Atlantic City, 
1919; Bertram E. Whitman, Pleasantville, 1920 ; Dominick 
Corsiglia, Buena Vista, 1921. Secretary — Francis B. Coll, 
Atlantic City. 

Bergen County^-William Conklin, Hackensack, 1921 ; 
Frank M. Buckles, Rutherford, 1920 ; Herbert M. Bailey, 



420 BOARDS, BUREAUS, ETC. 

Hackensack, 1910. Secretary, Robert B. Murphy, Hacken- 
sack. 

Burlington County — R. Howard Aaronson, Bordentown. 
1920 ; Joseph L. Thomas, Riverton, 1919 ; Hem-y P. Thorn. 
Medford, 1921. Secretary. John B. Tilton, Mount Holly. 

Camden County — Francis r>. Weaver. Camden. 1019 ; 
Howard C. Walton. Camden, 1920; Patrick Harding, Had- 
donfield, 1921. Secretary, John S. Roberts, Camden. 

Cape May County — Samuel F. Fldridge. Cape May. 1919 ; 
Edward Li. Rice, Dennisville. 1021 : James M. Chester. 
Ocean City. 1020. Secretary, Gilbert C. Hughes. Cape May 
Court House. 

Cumberland County — Edward H. Corson. Millville, 1919 : 
Ceorse Ham.pton. Bridgeton. 1921 ; Wilbert H. Bobbins, 
Commercial, 1920. Secretary. Yaldemar E. Edwards, Bridge- 
ton. 

Essex County — William E. Sandmeyer. Newark. 1919; 
Michael W. Higgin.s, Newark. 1021 : Beu.iamin F. Jones. 
Maplewood, 1920. Secretary. James A. Mungle. 

Gloucester County — Eli Herita-re. Richwood, 1919; Wil- 
liam C. Allen.^ Westville, 1021 ; James Carter, Thorofare, 
1020. Secretary. William M. Pierce, Woodbury. 

Hudson County — Clarence T. Van Deren. Harrison, 1919 ; 
Philip McGovern. Jersey City. 1921 ; John Rotherham. 
Jersey City, 1920. Secretary, Joseph P. McLean, Jersev 
City. 

Hunterdon County— Chester Torason. Clinton. 1919 : James 
H. Trewln, Flemington. 1921: B. Frank Barkley. Fleming- 
ton. 1920. Secretary. Frank E. Estey. Flemington. 

Mercer County — Alfred K. Leuckel. Trenton. 1021 : Lloyd 
W. Grover. Princeton. 1020; Edward B. Morris. Trenton, 

1919. Secretary, Harold Vaughn. Trenton. 

Middlesex County — George J. Haney. Perth Amboy. 1919 : 
John Strassburger. Highland Park. 1921 : James F. Orpen. 
New Brunswick, 1920. Secretary, William A. Spencer. New 
Brunswick. 

Monmouth County — Albert L. Ivins, Red Bank, 1010; 
Richard W. Herbert, Wickatunk, 1921 ; T. Frank Appleby. 
Asbury Park, 1920. Secretary, Charles L. Stout, Freehold. 

Morris County — Horace L. Dunham. Dover, 1919; John J. 
Cunningham. Boonton. 1921 : Joseph Kenworthy. Miiling'tou. 

1920. Secretary, William B. McCracken, Morristown. 
Ocean Count}' — James D. Holman. Whitesville, 1910: 

Gilbert Clayton. Lakewood, 1921 : Ulysses S. Grant, Toms 
River, 1020. Secretary, J. G. Holman, Toms River. 

Passaic County — Frederick Wolfhegel. Paterson. 1919 : 
Edgar M. Tilt, Passaic, 1921 ; George Roat, Wayne, 1920. 
Secretarj% Charles G. Beattie, Paterson. 

Salem County — Charles D. Richmond. Daretown. 1019 : 
William M. Burke. Pedricktown. 1021 : Shmuel A. Ridgway, 
Woodstown, 1020. Secretary, Joseph Miller, Salem. 



BOARDS, BUREAUS, ETC. 421 

Somerset County — Edward E. Cooper, Mount Bethel, 1919 ; 
Andrew R. Kennej\ North Plainfield, 1921 ; Herman F. 
Moosbruger, Somerville, 1920. Secretary, Bogert T. Conk- 
ling, Somerville. 

Sussex County — Martin W. Bowman. Sussex, 1919 : John 
O. Bissel, Stanhope, 1920 ; John A. McBride, Nekton, ad in. 
Secretary, Obadiah E. Armstrong, Newton. 

Union County — Lloyd Thompson, Westfield, 1919 ; John J. 
Collins, Elizabeth, 1*921 ; John W. Clift, Summit, 1920 
Secretary, Peter J. Olde. Elizabeth. 

Warren County — Arthur G. Taylor. Phillipsburg, 1919 : 
Edward J, Vossler, 1921 ; Arthur Knowles, Phillipsburg, 
1920. Secretary, U. G. Pursell, Belvidere. 

TEACHERS' RETIPvEMENT FUND. 

Trustees — Calvin N. Kendall, President, Trenton ; AYilliam 
T. Read, Treasurer, Trenton ; Albert Moncrief. Jersey City, 

1921 ; William J. Field, Jersey City, 1920 ; Jamos E. 
Bryan, Camden, 1921 ; Elizabeth A. Allen, Secretary. Ho- 
boken, 1922 ; S. Emily Potter, Newark, 1922 ; Mis3 Sophie 
M. Braun, Elizabeth, 1919 ; James Fitzpatrick, Paterson, 
1919; Bloomfield H. Minch, Bridgeton, 1921. 

TECHNICAL AND INDUSTRL\L SCHOOLS 

Trustees Newark Technical School — John H. Stob.ieus. 

1922 ; Herbert P. Gleason, 1922 : Samuel E. Robertson. 
1919; John A. Furman. 1919; Halsey M. LMVter. 1920; 
Frederick L. Eberhardt. 1920 ; Peter Campbell, 1921 ; 
Abraham Rothschild, 1921. 

Trustees Industrial Education. Hoboken — John Henry 
Cuntz, 1922 ; William L. E. Keuffel, 1922 ; Helene Wil- 
lenborg, 1919 ; Richard Stevens, 1920 ; Caroline B. Witt- 
penn, 1921 ; Frank Cordts, 1921 ; J. W. Rufus Besson, 
1919 ; Bernard Vezzetti. 1920. 

Board of Trustees of Industrial Education, Trenton — Karl 
G. Roebling, 1921 ; Edward C. Stover, 1921 ; Herman C. 
Mueller, 1922 ; Frank S. Katzenbach, Jr., 1921 ; Clifton 
Reeves, 1922 ; Charles Howell Cook, 1919 ; John S. Brough- 
ton, 1919 ; John A. Campbell, 1921. All December 30th. 
Robert C. Belville, Secretary. 

TENEMENT HOUSE SUPERVISION, BOARD. 

John A. Campbell, President, Trenton, 1920 ; Hugh C. 
Lendrim, Paterson, 1922 ; Augustus V. Hamburg, Newark, 
1923; Pierre F. Cook,- Jersey City, 1921; Henry J. Wosr 
brook, [Midland Park, ad in. Secretary, Miles W. Beemer. 



422 BOARDS. BUREAUS. ETC. 

UNDEItTAKEUS AND EMBALMEKS. BOARD. 

John F. Martin, Elizabeth. Secretary. 1921 : John A. 
Maxwell. Somerville. 1921 ; William B. M. Burrell. Camden, 
1921 ; William H. Hannold, Jr., Swedesboro, 1921 ; Joseph 
J. Mullen, Ne\yark, 1919. 



WATER SUPPLY COMMISSION (North Jersey). 

Wood McKee, Paterson. 1921 ; Ernest C. Hinck. Mont- 
clair, 1922 : William E. Ramsay, Perth Amboy, 1919 ; 
Laurent J. Tonnele. President. Bavonno, 1920. 



WEIGHTS AND MEASURES. 

State Superintendent — Frank Wanser, Vineland. 1922. 

Assistants — J. Frank Fowler, Trenton : Elliott B. Holton^ 
Newark ; Augustus W. Schwartz, Elizabeth. Secretary, 
Joseph G. Rogers, Trenton. 



CHARITIES AND CORRECTIONS. 423 

DEPARTMENT CHARITIES AND 
CORRECTIONS 



(This department has full charge of the charitable, correc- 
tional, reformatory and penal institutions, boards and 
commissions located and conducted in the State. See 
Chap. 147, Laws of 1918.) 

State Board — Dwight W. Morrow. Chairman. Englewood 
1019 ; Frank A. Fetridge, Newark, 1920 ; Dr. John Nevin, 
Jersey City. 1921 : Ellis P. Earle, Montclair, 1922 ; Ogden 
H. liammond. Bernardsville. 1923 ; Mrs. Lewis S. Thomp- 
son, Red Bank. 1925 ; Lewis Starr. Woodbury, ad in. ; Mrs. 
II. Otto Wittpeun, Jersey City, ad. in. ; the Governor is an 
ex-officio member. Commissioner, Burdette G. Lewis, Prince- 
ton. Secretary. Barton T. Fell, Trenton. 

Divisions^Labor. Agriculture, etc., David I. Kelly. Direc- 
tor, East Orange : Education and Parole. Calvin Derrick, 
Director, Trenton : Administration, Barton T. Fell. Director. 
Trenton ; Inspection, Joseph Thompson. Director. New 
Egypt ; Records, Reports and Information. Dr. Louis B. 
Blan. Director ; Departmental Steward. William Golden. 
Roselle ; Supervisor Institution Farms. William B. Duryee. 

STATE INSTITUTION FOR FEEBLE-MINDED. 
Yineland. 
Managers — Harry H. Pond. President. Plainfield : George 
B. Thorn, Treasurer, Crosswicks ; Richard C. Jenkinson. 
Newark ; Wm. Dawson, Wenonah : Mrs. Emery Marvel, 
Atlantic City ; Mrs. Bloomfield Minch. Bridgeton : Mrs. 
Annie C. Giie. East Orange. Dr. Madeleine A. Hallowell, 
Superintendent. 

STATE COLONY FOR FEEBLE-MINDED :\IALES. 

New Lisbon. 

Managers — F. Wallace Armstrong, President, Moorestown ; 

Henry B. Coles. Moorestown ; Kellam E. Bennett. Riverton ; 

Mrs. Charles C. Miller, Riverton: Miss Elizabeth White. 

Secretary, New Lisbon. J. Frank Macomber, Superintendent. 

STATE VILLAGE FOR EPILEPTICS. 
Skillman. 
Managers — Herman F. ]Moosbrugger. President, Somer- 
ville ; Mrs. Francis de L. Hyde, North Plainfield ; Mrs. 
Bryce Collard, Jersey City ; Joseph W. La Rocque. Ber- 
nardsville ; Dr. Augustus Knight, Vice-President, Peapack. 
Dr. David F. Weeks, Superintendent. Secretary and Treas- 
urer. 



424 CHARITIES AND CORRECTIONS. 

STATE IIOMK FOn BOYS. 

.Tauiesburg. 
Mana£?ers — Soymour L. Cromwell, Pivsidont, Mendliam ; 
Trof. Frank A. Fetter. Princetou ; A. D. Chandler, Secre- 
tary, East Orange ; Mrs. Cornelia Meytrott, Asbury Park ; 
Mrs. Sidney Colgate, East Orange ; Sigmund Eisner, Red 
Bank. Chas. Yl. Edmond, Superintendent. 

STATE HOME FOR DISABLED SOLDIERS, MARINES 
AND THEIR WIVES. 

Vineland. 

Managers — Walter J. Staats, Merchantvilie ; Dr. Theo- 
dore Senseman. President, Atlantic City ; Dr. Thomas J. 
Buchanan, Toms River ; Mrs. W. Scott Wheaton, Millville ; 
Mrs. Harman Dilks. .Jr., Secretary, Pitman ; Frank Bate- 
man, Grenloch ; Frank M. Riley, Bridgeton. Dr. Wm. S. 
Jones, Superintendent. 

HOME FOR DISABLED SOLDIERS. 

Kearny. 

Managers — Gen. Joseph H. Brensingor, Jersey City ; 
Richard Wayne Parker, Newark ; Walter S. Tully, Palisades 
Park ; John S. Fagau, Harrison ; John Stagg, Paterson ; 
William P. Allen, Newark ; George P. Olcott, President, 
East Orange. George C. Chandler, Acting Superintendent 
and Secretary. 

SANATORIUM FOR TUBERCULOUS DISEASES. 
Glen Gardner. 

Managers — Theodore H. Corwin, yi. D., President, New- 
ark ; Prof. Elmer H. Loomis. Princeton ; Frederic J. 
Hughes, M. D.. Vice-President, PlainfieUl ; Mrs. Lucy J. M. 
Taylor, High Bridge ; Mrs. Alexander M. Parker, Camden ; 
Frederic C. Low, M. D., High Bridge ; Edwin J. Burke, 
Secretary and Treasurer, Trenton. Dr. Samuel B. English, 
Superintendent. 

STATE HOSPITAL. 
Trenton. 

Managers — Arthur D. Forst, President, Trenton ; William 
A, Klemann, Trenton ; H. V. M. Dennis, Freehold ; George 
T. Tracey, M. D., Vice-President, Beverly ; Mrs. John F. 
Prendergast, Salem ; Mrs. Frederick I. Fox, Camden ; Dr. 
Paul Mecray, Camden. Dr. H. A. Cotton, Medical Director. 
Samuel T. Atchley, Warden. Charles DeF. Besore, Secre- 
tary, Trenton. 



CHARITIES AND CORRECTIONS. 425 

STATE HOSPITAL. 
Morris Plains. 
Managers — W. L. R. Lynd, Dover ; Daniel S. Voorhees, 
President. Morristown ; Louis G. Kaufman. Short Hills; 
John F. Boyle, Jersey City; Dr. J. T. Wri-htson. Vice- 
President, Newark ; Mrs. Agnes Cromwell, Bernardsville ; 
Mrs. Union N. Bethel, Upper Montclair. Dr. Britton D. 
I'^vans, ^Medical Superintendent. John Boyd, Secretary, Mor- 
i-is Plains. 

NEW JERSEY REFORMATORY. 
Rahway. 
Managers — Decatur M. Sawyer, President, Montclair; 
Foster M. Voorhees, Vice-President. Elizabeth ; Edward M. 
Duffield, South Orange ; Frank M. Stillman, Secretary, Rah- 
way ; Freeman Woodbridge. New Brunswick ; George W. 
Fortmeyer, East Orange ; David T. Keuney, North Plain- 
field. Dr. Frank Moore, Superintendent. 

STATE PRISON. 

Trenton. 

Principal Keeper — James H. :Mulheron. 

Managers — G. W. Huntington, President, Elizabeth ; Prof. 
E. R. Johnstone, Vineland ; George W. Adams, Trenton ; 
Richard M. More, Bridgeton ; Wilson Jones, Franklinville ; 
Wm. H. Loftus, Glen Ridge ; Wm. B. Maddock, Trenton. 
Irvin C. Bleam, Secretary. 

COMMISSION FOR THE AMELIORATION OF THE CON- 
DITION OF THE BLIND. 
147 Summer Avenue, Newark. 
Managers — C. R. Dieffenbach, Chairman, Jersey City ; Dr. 
W. R. Broughton, Bloomfield ; Rev. Edgar S. Wiers, Mont- 
clair ; Mrs. J. R. Schermerhorn, East Orange ; Mrs. Reginald 
Baker, Secretary, Madison. Miss Lydia Y. Hayes, Super- 
visor. 

STATE BOARD OF CHILDRENS GUARDIANS. 
15 Exchange Place, Jersey City. 
Managers — Caroline B. Wittpenn, President, Jersey City ; 
Benjamin F. Edsall, Secretary, Newark ; Robert L. Flem- 
ming. Treasurer, Jersey City ; Joseph McCrystal, Vice- 
President, Paterson ; Mrs. F. C. Jacobson. Newark ; Mrs. 
Beatrice Stern, Matawan ; Mrs. John Nevin, Assistant 
Treasurer, Jersey City ; Frances Day, General Agent, Jersev 
City. 

STATE HOME FOR GIRLS. 
Trenton. 
Managers — A. S. L. Doughty. President, Mt. Holly ; Mrs. 
H. Crittenden Harris, Vice-President, Glen Ridge ; Mrs. 



426 CHARITIES AND CORRECTIONS. 

Leon Cubberly. Treasurer, Long Bi-anch : Mrs. John L. 
Kuser, Bordentown ; Aaron V. Dawes. Hightstown. Dr. 
Ruth Hilliard. Acting Superintendent. Miss Nellie F. Dul- 
lard, Chief Parole Officer. 

REFORMATORY FOR W0:MEX. 

Clinton. ^ " 

Managers — Mrs. Richard V. Lindabury, President, Bernards, 
ville ; Dr. Tliomas H Flynn, Vice-President, Somerville ; 
-Airs. G. M. LaMonte, Secretary. Bound Brook ; Mr. C. W. 
Ennis, Treasurer, Moiristown ; Mrs. George Brown, Somer- 
ville ; Carroll B, Merritt, Madison. Miss Grace Robson, 
Acting Superintendent. 

INSTITUTIONS NOT UNDER THE .JURISDICTION OF 
THE FOREGOING DEPARTMENT. 

FEEBLE-MINDED CHILDREN. 

Yineland. 

THE TRAIXING SCHOOL FOR FEEBLE-MIXDKD BOYS AND GIRLS. 

Directors— Governor, ex-officio ; Philip P. Baker, Wild- 
wood Crest, 1922 ; E. C. Stokes. Trenton. 1922 ; D. Harry 
Chandler, Yineland, 1922 ; Earl Barnes, Philadelphia, 1919 ; 
Bleecker Yan Wagenen, Alstead Centre, N. H., 1919 ; Dr. 
Thomas J. Smith, Bridgeton, 1919 ; Judge Harry Y. Os- 
borne, Newark. 1919 ; Rev. H. H. Beadle, Bridgeton, 1920 ; 
E. E. Read, Jr.. Camden. 1920 : Howard I. Branson. Y'in<?- 
land, 1920; Harry O. Walls. Yineland, 1920;- Dr. Milton 
J. Greenman. Philadelphia. 1921 : W. Graham Tyler, Phila- 
delphia. 1921: Samuel S. Fels, Philadelphia. 1921. 

President, Philip P. Baker : Yice-President, Howard I. 
Branson ; Treasurer. Harry G. Walls ; Secretary, Edward R. 
Johnstone. 

FIREMENS HOME. 

Boonton. 

Managers — Jamej; J. Manning, Chairman. EIizab<^th, 1920 ; 
Egbert Seymour, Bayunne. 1920 : Bird W. Spencer, Passaic. 
1920; Jacob L. Bunnell, Newton. 1920: Charles E. Close, 
Matawan, 1920; John Kennell. Passaic. 1920: Edward 
O'Donnell, Jersey City, 1920 ; John Senft. Merchantville, 
1922 ; Evan G. Benners. MoorestowTi, 1922 : Patrick Far- 
rell, Montclair, 1922 : John C. Andes, West New York. 1922 : 
Elias K. Leslie, Trenton. Secretary. 1920 : William H. Mat- 
thews, Orange, 1920. The State Comptroller and Commis- 
.sioner of Banking and Insurance and President of the State 
Firemen's Association are members ex-officio. Charles E. 
McCraith, Superintendent. 



COMMISvSIONS, ETC. 427 

COMMISSIONS, ETC. 



BOXING COMMISSION. 

John S. Smith, Chairman, Atlantic City : W. E. Cann. 
Elizabeth ; George S. Grain, East Orange ; all 1021. Secre- 
tary, Lester Burdick, Newark. Inspectors, J. I'ierce Wcid- 
ner. Jersey City; (ieorge C. Barlow, Trenion ; Theodore C. 
Stokes, Atlantic City. 

CITIES AND MUNICIPALITIES. 

Home Rule — Edward P. Merrey, Paterson ; Leon Abbett, 
Jersey City ; Francis A. Stanger, Jr., Bridgeton. 

DELAWARE RIVER TOLL BRIDGES. 

John A. Campbell, President, Trenton; Reginald W. Dar- 
nell, Phillipsburg ; Walter F. Hayhurst, Lambertville ; Sec- 
retary, Frank Barkley, Lambertville. 

EAST JERSEY PROPRIETORSHIP. 
John D. Prince, Ringwood ; Frankland Briggs, Newark ; 
Heulings Lippincott, Camden. 

IMMIGRATION. 
Robert A. Franks, Orange ; William Fellowes Moi'gan, 
Short Hills ; Robert Fleming, Jersey City ; Secretary, Alex- 
ander Cleland. 

INDUSTRIAL EDUCATION. 
George R. Howe, President, Newark ; George G. Tennant, 
Jersey City ; William A. Bainbridge, Roselle Park ; John 
W. Ferguson, Paterson ; Ferdinand W. Roebling, Jr., Tren- 
ton ; Secretary, Albert A. Snowden, Newark. 

MECHANICS' LIEN LAW REVISION. 
Frank H. Genuug, Newark ; Arthur Quinn, Perth Amboy ; 
James G. Blauvelt, Paterson ; William E. Tuttle, Westfield. 

MONMOUTH BATTLE MONUMENT. 
Members — Comptroller of the Treasury, Adjutant-General, 
Quartermaster-General, President of Senate, Speaker of 
House of Assembly, Edward P. Beach, Garret A. Denise, 
Freehold. Joseph A. Yard, Secretary, Freehold. 

MORRIS CANAL ABANDONMENT. 
John W. Wescott, Camden ; Charles H. IngersoIJ. East 
Orange ; Foster F. Birch, Dover ; John I. Blair Reiley, 
Phillipsburg ; C. Howard Slater, Jersey City ; Henry M. 



428 COMMISSIONS, ETC. 

Doremus, Newark ; Carlton Godfrey, Atlantic City ; Man- 
gold H. Ellonbogan, Paterson ; Fred G.Stickel, Jr., Newark; 
Albert F. Ganz, Hoboken ; William Libbey, Princeton ; Jan 
D. Ely, Marlboro. 

OLD AGE PENSION. 

Everett Colby, West Orange, 1919 ; F. William Gertzen, 
Ramsey, 1923 ; John H. Adamson, Clifton, 1920 ; Augus- 
tine Elmendorf, Newark, 1921 ; Josepli M. Ackerman, Pat- 
erson, 1922. 

UNIFORM LEGISLATION IN UNITED STATES. 

John R. Hardin, Newark ; Mark A, Sullivan, Jersey City ; 
George A. Bourgeois, Atlantic City. All in 1921. 

WASHINGTON ASSOCIATION OF NETW JERSEY. 
Morristown. 
President, Alfred Elmer Mills; First Vice-President, Wil- 
lard W. Cutler; Second Vice-President, Henry A. Hen- 
riques ; Secretary, Henry C. Pitney, Jr. ; Tieasurer, John 
H. Bonsall ; Curator, Miss Altha E. Hatch ; Trustees, 
Alfred Elmer Mills, Henry C. Pitney, Jr., Henry A. Hen- 
riques, Willard W, Cutler, John H. Bonsall, Charles M. 
Lum, Francis J. Swayze, Philander B. Pierson, Wynant D. 
Vanderpool. Executive Committee, Alfred Elmer Mills, 
Willard W. Cutler, Henry A, Henriques, Henry C. Pitney, 
Jr., John H. Bonsall, Miss Altha E. Hatch, Wynant D. 
Vanderpool. 

WASHINGTON ROCK PARK. 

Mrs. Charles W. McCutchin, Plainfield ; Mrs. Frederick 
G. Mead, Plainfield ; Mrs. John F, Ha,rman, Plainfield ; 
Percy PI. Stewart, Plainfield ; William J. Butfield, North 
Plainfield. 

LEGISLATIVE INVESTIGATING COMMITTEES. 
(Appointed by Legislature of 1918.) 

Public Interest and Law Violations — Joint Judiciary Com- 
mittees. Senate, Richards, Case, McGlennon ; Assembly, 
Pierson, Winne, Kellam, Hobart, Simpson. 

Survey of Municipal Financiering — Assemblymen Pierson, 
Glover, Whitney, Hobart, Cochran, Agans, Hershfiekl. 

Educational Laws, &c. — Assemblymen Gill, Wilson, Kellam, 
Whitney, Stout. 

Township and Road Laws — Senators Mackay, Fitbian ; 
Assemblymen Whitney, Levris, Ilershfield ; Walter J. Buzliy. 

Pensions — Assemblymen Pierson and Stout. 

Juvenile Courts — Assemblymen Warner, Abbott, Hobart, 
Smith* Snow. 

Legislative Index Publication — Assemblymen Ilershfield, 
Pierson and Burroughs. 



LEGAL HOLIDAYS. 



LEGAL HOLIDAYS, 



New Year's Day — January 1st. 
Lincoln's Birthday — February 12th. 
Washington's Birthday — February 22d. 
Good Friday— April ISth. 
Memorial Daj' — May 30th. 
Independence Day — .July 4th. 
Labor Day — P^irst Monday in September. 
Columbus Day — October 12th. 

General Election Day — First Tuesday after first Monday in 
November. 

Thanksgiving Day — Last Thursday in November. 
Christmas Day — December 25th. 



MIIMCIPAI.ITIES IX XEAV JERSEY I XDER COM- 
MIS.SIOX GOVERX3IEXT CHARTERS. 



Allenhurst, 
AsbuTy Park, 
Atlantic City, 
Belleville, 
Beverly, 
Bordentown, 
Bradley Beach, 
Bayonne, 
Cape May City. 
Cane May Point, 
Collingswood, 
Deal, 

Haddonfield, 
Union Township ( 
Paterson has a 
Pxiblic Works Act 



Hawthorne, Ocean City, 

Hoboken, Orange, 

Irvington, Passaic, 

Jersey City, Philllpsburg, 

Lamliertville, Rahway. 

Long Branch, Ridgefield Park, 

Longport, Ridgewood, 

Margate City, Sea Isle City, 

Millville. Trenton, 

ilontclair. Vineland, 

New Brunswick, Wildwood, 

Newark, 

Nutley. 
Bergen County). 

commission government based on the old 
not under the "Walsh Act." 



430 SALARIES AND TERMS OF OFFICE. 



SALARIES AND TERMS OF OFFICE. 



OF STATE OFFICERS AXD MEMBERS AXD OFFICERS OF THE 
LEGISLATURE. 

EXECUTIVE, STATE, TREASURY AND LAW DEPART- 
MENTS. 

Governor, three years, $10,000. Secretary to the Governor, 
three years, $4,000. Executive Clerk, $2,100. 

Secretary of State, five years, $6,000. Assistant, five 
years, $3,000 (also $1,500 as Motor Vehicle Commissioner). 

State Treasurer, three years, $6,000. 

Deputy State Treasurer, $4,250. 

State Comptroller, three years, $6,000. 

Deputy Comptroller, three years. $5,000. 

Attorney-General, five years, $7,000. 

Assistant Attorney-General, $5,000 ; Second Assistant, 
$4,800. Chief Legal Assistant. $4,600. Senior Legal As- 
sistant, $2,500. 

State Purchasing Agent — Edward E. Grosscup, five years, 
$5,000; Assistant, $3,500. 

THE COURTS. 

Chancellor, seven years, $13,000. 

Vice-Chancellors, seven years, $12,000. 

Clerk in Chancery, five years, $6,000 ; Deputy. $3,000. 

Chief Justice Supreme Court, seven years, $13,000. 

Associate Justices of the Supreme Court, seven years, 
$12,000. 

Clerk of the Supreme Court, five years, $6,000. 

Judges of the Court of Errors and Appeals, six years, $20 
a day for attendance at Court and $20 a day, not exceeding 
thirty days each term, when engaged in examination of cases 
or writing of opinions. 

Court of Pardons, $20 per diem. Clerk. $1,200. 

Circuit Court Judges, seven years, $9,000. 

Chancery and Law Reporters, each $500. 

Court Attendant, Chancery Chambers. $1,500 to $1,800. 

Judges of County Courts (Common Pleas, &c). five years. 
Essex and Hudson, $7,500 ; Passaic, Bergen, Camden, Atlan- 
tic, Monmouth and T'nion, $0,500 : :Mercer and Middlesex. 
$6,000 ; Burlington and Morris, $4,500 ; Cumberland. Glou- 
cester, Hunterdon. Salem. Somerset and Warren, $3,000 ; 
Sussex, $2,700; Cape May and Ocean. $2,400. 

Juvenile Courts, Essex and Hudson counties, five years, 
$5,000. Attendants, each $1,200. 



SALARIES AND TERMS OF OFFICE. 43i 

Court Criers, Essex and Hudson, $1,750 to $2,250. 

District Court Judges, five years. Newark and Jersey City 
(two each), $4,000; Clerks. $2,000; Deputy Clerks, $1,500; 
Assistant Clerks, $1,200. Taterson, Trenton, Camden, $3,500 ; 
Clerks, $1,800. Atlantic City, Bayonne, Hoboken, Passaic, 
Elizabeth, $3,000 ; Clerks, $1,500. East Orange, Orange, 
New Brunswick and Perth Amboy, $2,500 ; Clerks, $1,250. 
Plainfield, $2,000; Clerk, $900. 

Judicial Districts, Essex, First district, $3,000 ; Hudson, 
First district, $3,000; Bergen (three), Morris, Somerset. 
$2,000; Monmouth (two), $1,800; Clerks, $1,200; $900 to 
$600, according to population. Assistant Clerks, $800, $500, 
$350. 

Prosecutors of the Pleas, five years. Essex and Hudson, 
$8,000; three assistants in Hudson, $6,000, $5,000 and 
$4,000 : Essex, $6,000 and $5,000 ; Bergen, Camden, Passaic 
and Union, $7,500 ; Mercer, Middlesex, Monmouth and Atlan- 
tic, $6,000 ; Morris, $4.000 ; Burlington, $3,000 ; Cumber- 
land, Warren, Somerset, Gloucester, Hunterdon, Salem, 
Sussex, Cape May and Ocean, $2,000. 

Assistant Prosecutors of the Pleas, Passaic, $5,000 ; Ber- 
gen. Camden, Mercer, Middlesex, Union, Atlantic, Monmouth, 
$3,000 ; Morris and Somerset, $1,500. 

SheriEEs, three years, Essex and Hudson, $10,000. 

County Clerks, Surrogates and Registers of Deeds, five 
years. Essex and Hudson, $7,500. 

In all other counties the term of office for the oflicials 
aboved named is the same and the salaries are as follows : 
Passaic, Bergen, Camden, Mercer. Middlesex, Union, $6,500 ; 
Monmouth, $5.500 ; Atlantic. Burlington, Morris, $4,500 ; 
Cumberland, $3.500 ; Gloucester. Hunterdon, Salem, Somer- 
set, Sussex, Warren, Cape May,' $2,500 ; Ocean, $2,400. 

AGRICULTURE. 

Board of Visitors 'to State Agricultural College, two years, 
no' salary. 

Secretary State Board of Agriculture. $5,000; Chief Bu- 
regu of Statistics and Inspection, $2,500; Chief Burenu of 
Land Crops and Markets, $2,500 ; Live Stock Commissioner, 
$2,000 ; Chief Inspector, $2,400 ; Chief Bureau Animal In- 
dustry, $4,000. 

Director Agricultural Experiment Station. $4.000 ; Chief 
Clerk, $2,000 ; Chemist. $2,800. 

AUDITORS, ARCHITECTS, ACCOUNTANTS. 

Auditors of Accounts in Comptroller's Department, Chief, 
$4,000; Assistants, $1,500 to $2,200 each; Stenographer. 
$1,200. 

Architect. State — Five years, $4,000; Consulting Engineer, 
$2,400. 



432 SALARIES AND TERMS OF OFFICE. 

State Board of Architects, two years, no salary; Secre- 
tary, $1,500. 

Board of Public Accountants, tliree years, $5 a day for 
actual service, 

BANKING AND INSURANCE. 

Commissioner, three years, $6,000; Deputy, $3,500. 
Superintendent of Municipal Sinking Funds, $3,600. 
Chief, Inspection Bureau — $4,000. 

BOYS' IIOMI-]. 

Supcriuteudont. $2,000; Deputy Superintendent. $1,800; 
Bookkeeper, $2,000; Visiting Physician, $1,200; l<Mold 
I'arole Officer, $1,800; Assistant Parole Officers (two), cacli, 
$1,417; Military Instructor, $600; Housekeeper, $500. 

CHARITIES AND CORRECTIONS DEPARTMENT. 

Commissioner. $10,000; Secretary, $3,500; Senior Clerk, 
$1,500. 

Director Bureau of Medicine and Psychiatry, $4,000 ; two 
research worliers, $1,500 and $1,200. 

Director Labor, Agriculture, Food, etc., $5,000; Prison 
Labor Agent, $3,000 ; Agricultural Expert, $3,000. 

Chief Bureau of Admissions, Deaths, Discharges and 
Paroles, $3,000; two Investigators, $1,500, $1,200." 

Director Education and Parole, $4,500 from State, $1,500 
private sources ; Departmental Steward, $2,760. 

CIVIL SERVICE. 

Commissioners, five years, $2,000; President. $2,500; 
Chief Examiner and Secretary, $4,000; Assistant Sccrelary, 
$2,500 ; Assistant Examiner, $2,340 ; Senior Examiner and 
Clerk, $1,800. 

COMMERCE AND NAVIGATION DEPARTMENT. 

Members, eight, four years, no talary; 

Consulting Engineer, per diem, fees ; Director, $4,0(T0 ; 
First Assistant Engineer, $2,880 ; Chief Draftsman, $2,400 ; 
Chief Clerk, $1,800 ; Counsel, $5,000. 

CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT DEPARTMENT. 

Members, eight, four years, no saiary. 

Director, four years, $4,200 ; State Geologist, $4,000 ; 
Assistant, $2,800 ; Chief of Testing Laboratory, $3,000 ; 
State Firevfardens, $2,800 ; Water Engineer, $2,400 ; As- 
sistant Forester, $1,600 ; Museum Curator, $1,800 ; Con- 
Suiting Enginioi-r, $1,800 ; Division Firewarden, $1,800 ; 
three Division Firewardens, each, $1,400. 



SALARIES AND TERMS OF OFFICE. 433 

EDUCATIONAL. 

State Board of Etlucaticn, eigbt years, no salary. 

State Commissioner of Education, five years, $10,000. 

Four Assistant Commissioners, each, $4,500 ; Chief of 
Business Division, $3,600 ; Chief Examiner. $3,000 ; As- 
sistant Business Division, $1,320 ; Auditor School Accounts, 
$2,000 ; General Inspectors, $3,000 ; Inspector of Accounts, 
$2,800. 

Principal of Trenton Normal School. $5,500 ; Clerk and 
Business Manager. $2,160: Brincipal Montclair Normal 
School, $6,000 ; Principal Newark Normal School. $5,000. 

County Superintendents of I'uhlic Schools, three years, 
$3,000; Clerks, $600. 

EPILEPTIC VILLAGE. 

Superintendent, $5,000; Assistant Superintendent, $2,750; 
Clinical Intei-ne Physician, $2,750 ; Senior Resident Phy- 
sicians, $2,500, $1,500, (two) $1,200; Junior Physicians 
(three), $1,000; Principal Teacher, $1,200; Eugenic Re- 
search Clerks, $1,320. 

FISH AND GAME. 

Fish and Game Commi«tsioners. five years, no salary ; 
Secretary, $2,100 ; Protector, $1,800 to $2,100 ; Assistant 
Protector, $1,200 to $1,500; Fish Wardens, each, $900 to 
$1,200. 

HEALTH DEPARTMENT. 

Memhors. eight, four years, no salary. 

Dirpctoi', four years. $4,000; Assistant Director and Chief 
of Laboratorv of Hygiene, $3,600; Assistant. $2,000. 
Health Officer, Perth Amboy. $1,000; Assistants. $250. 

HIGHWAY COMMISSION. 

Commissioners, four years, no salary. 

State Engineer, fi^e years, salary $10,000 : State Highway 
Engineer, five years. $6.000 ; Assistant State Highway En- 
gineer. $4,000 ; District Engineers, $3,000 ; Secret a rv, 
$2,000. 

HOMES, SANATORTUMS, ETC. 

Home for Feeble-Minded — Superintendent, $3,750 : Head 
Clerk, $1,800; Secretary, $1,000. 

Home for Disabled Soldiers, Sailors. Marines and Their 
Wives. Vineland — Superintendent. $3,000 ; Assistant. $1,500. 

Soldiers' Home, Kearny — Superintendent. $2,000; Sirgeon, 
$2,000; Secretary, $1,500; Chaplain, $1,000; Adjutant. 
$1,000; Quarterma'^ter, $1,200; Housekeeper, $500. 

New Jersey Sanatorium for Tuberculous Diseases — Super- 
intendent. $3,600 ; four Physician. $2,000 to $1,500 ; Sec- 
retary, $600. 

28 



434 



SALARIES AND TERMS OF OFFICE. 



StatP Firemen's Home — No salary, four years. 

Children's Guardians — Superintendent, $2,580 ; Assistant 
to Superintendent, $1,560. 

Home for (Mrls— Superintendent, $2,000; Physician, 
$1.<»00 : two Parole Officers. $1,500 and expenses, $000. 

School for Deaf— Superintendent, $:^,000 ; Principal. 
$2,400 : Business Manager, $1,620. 

Manual Training Schoo?, Bordentowii — Principal. $2,200; 
Principal Trade School. $1,500: Farm Manager. $1,420. 

Colonies for Feeble-Minded Males — Superintendent, $1,680. 

INHERITANCE TAX. 

Supervisors appointed hy the State Comptroller. 

State Supervisor. $4,000 ; District Supervisors. Essex and 
Hudson. $3,000 each; Bergen, $1,600; Camden. $1,400; 
T'nion. $1,500 ; Passaic. $1,500 ; Mercer. $1,300 ; Middlesex, 
$1,000: Monmouth, $1,200; other districts, $300 to $600. 

NEW JERSEY BRIDGE AND TUNNEL COMMISSION. 
Secretary, $1,500. 

LABOR DEPARTMENT. 

Commissioner Department of Lal)or and Workmen's Com- 
pensation. $6,000 for Commissioner of Labor and $1,500 ad- 
ditional for Commissioner Workmen's Compensation : As- 
sistant Commissioner. $3,000. 

Secretary to Commissioner of Labor. $1,500 ; two Medical 
Examiners, each, $600 : twelve Factory Inspectors, each, 
$1,500 ; Referee. $2.000 ; seven Senior Factory Inspectors, 
each, $1.700 ; two Mine and Factory Inspectors, each, 
$1,500 : two Employment Examiners, each, $1,500 ; In- 
vestigator of Occupational Diseases. $1,500 : three Deputy 
Com.missioners of Compensation, each, $2,500 : Inspector of 
Explosives. $2,500 : Bakery Inspector. $1,500 : Investigator. 
S1.500 : Chief Bureau of Electrical Equipment. $2,500 ; Chief 
Bureau Hygiene and Sanitation. $2,500: State Director of 
Employment. $2,500 ; tuo Examiners of Steam Engine and 
Boiler Licenses Bureau, each. $2,000 : Chief Bureau of 
Structural Inspection, $2,500. 

LIBRARIAN. STATE. 
Five vears, $3,000 ; Assistants. $3.^00. 



LIBRARY. PUBLIC. 

Commissioners, five yeai's. no salary. 
.Secretary. $400: Organizer and Librarian, S2,100 : As- 
sistant Librarian. $1,200. 



SALARIES AND TERMS OF OFFICE. 435 

MEDICAL. DENTISTRY, ETC. 

Hoard of Modical Examiners, three years, no salary. 

Board of Pharmacy, five years, $5 a day and expenses. 

Board of Dentistry, five years., no salary. 

Optometry Board, no salary, three years. 

Board of Veterinary Medical Examiners, three years, no 
salary. 

Board of Undertakers and Embalmers, three years, no 
salary. 

Slate Board of Examiners of Nurses, three years, •$•") a day 
and expenses. 

MILITARY. 

Adintant General. .S2.500 ; Deputy Adjutant Genei-al. 
$2,500 ; Quartermaster General, .$2,500 ; Chief Clerk, $2,500 ; 
Chief of Quartermaster's Corps, $2.500 ; Military Store 
Keeper, $1,350. 

MOTOR VEHICLE DEPARTMENT. 

Commissioner, $1,500, also $3,000 as Assistant Secretary 
of State; Chief Inspector. $2,100: Deputy Chief Inspector, 
$1,800; Inspectors, $1,200 to $1,()50. 

MUNICIPAL ACCOUNTS. 
Commissioner, three years, salary, $3,600. 

PUBLIC UTILITY. 

• Public Utility Commissioners, six years. $7,500 : Counsel, 
$7,000 ; Assistant to Counsel, $2,500 ; Secretary, $4,000 : 
Senior Engineer Gas Plant, $2,750 ; Chief Engineer, $0,500 ; 
two Senior Appraisal Engineers, $3,500 each ; two Traffic 
Inspectors, $1,320 each ; Senior Traffic Inspector, $2.400 ; 
three Inspectors of Bridges and Grade Crossings, $2,100 
each ; Inspector of Railroad Equipment. $2,400 ; Chief Di- 
vision Statistics and Accounts, $3,500; Chief Bureau of 
Railroads, $4,000; Chief Engineer Division Bridges and 
Grade Crossings, $6,000 ; Assistant Chief Engineer, $5,000 ; 
Assistant Appraisal I-:ngiueer, $2,000 ; Designing Chief En- 
gineer, $3,000. 

REFORMATORIES. 

Superintendent of the New Jersey Reformatory, five years, 
$4,660 ; Deputy Superintendent and Chief Parole Officer* 
each, $1,800; Medical Director, $1,500: Bertillion Operator 
$1,500. 

State Reformatory for Women — Superintendent, $1,800; 
Assistant, $1,200. 



436 SALARIES AND TERMS OF OFFICE. 

REPORTS, PRINTING. 

Commissioner of Public Reports, five j'ears, salary, $2,000 : 
Clerk, $600 ; Expert Printer, $1^100, appointed by the State 
House Commission. 

SEWERAGE COMMISSION. 

Passaic Valley Sev^erage Commission, five years, salary, 
$2,500 ; Secretary-Treasurer, $2,000, paid by the Com- 
mission, not by the State. 

SI-IELE FISHERIES DEPARTMENT. 

Eight members, four years, no salary. 

Director, three years, $2,000; Chiefs of Divisions, $1,200 
each ; Research Clerk, $600. 

STATE HOSPITALS. 

Morris Plains — Medical Director, $0,000 ; Warden, $3,500 ; 
Assistant Physicians, two, $2,000 each ; two, $1,700 each ; 
Assistants, one, $1,500 ; two, $1,300 each ; two, $1,100 each ; 
Pathologist, $1,800; Secretary, $500. 

Trenton — Medical Director, $6,000 ; Executive Officer, 
$3,500 ; Assistant Physicians, $3,500, $3,000, $1,80€, $1,500, 
$1,200, $600; Pathologist, $1,500; Secretary, $500. 

STATE HOUSE CUSTODIAN. 

Custodian of the State House, at pleasure of the Gov- 
ernor, State Treasurer and State Comptroller, $3,500 ; Head 
Janitor, $1,500. 

STATE PRISON. 

Principal Keeper, $3,500 and maintenance; Matron. 
$1,380; Resident Physician, $2,000; Visiting Physician, 
$1,800 ; Moral Instructo>.-s, two, $1,200 each ; two, $500 
each ; Fiscal Agent, $2,640 ; Secretary to Keeper, $1,920 ; 
Chief Deputy to Keeper, $2,040 ; Centre Keeper, $2,040 ; 
Night Centre Keeper, $1,500; Field Parole Agent, $1,800; 
Superintendent of Repairs, $1,800 ; Storekeeper, $1,500 ; 
Commissary, $1,500; Marshal, $1,680; two Clerks, each 
$2,040; Supervisor of Convicts (road work), $3,600. 

TAXES AND ASSESSMENT. 

Members of Board, three years, President, $4,000; other 
members, $3,000 ; Secretary, $3,000 ; Field Secretary, $2,500. 

County Boards — Essex and Hudson, $3,500 ; Passaic. 
$2,200; Bergen, Camden and Union, $2,000; Mercer and 
Middlesex, $1,800; Monmouth, $1,600; Atlantic and Mor- 
ris, $1,400 ; Burlington and Cumberland, $1,200 ; Cape May, 



SALARIES AND TERMS OF OFFICE. 437 

Hunterdon, Ocean, Gloucester, Salem, Somerset, Sussex an4 
Warren, $1,000. 

TENEMENT HOUSE SUPERVISION. 

Members of Board, five years, no salary. 

Secretary and Executive Officer, $3,800; Assistant Sec- 
retary, $1,800 ; Plan Examiners, each. $1,800 ; Chief of 
Old Building Bureau. $1,650; Chief Inspector. $1,600; In- 
spectors. $1,400 each ; Kecord Clerks, $1,.jOO each ; Law 
Clerk, $1,500. 

TEACHERS' RETIREMENT FUND. 

Clerk, $2,800 ; Assistant Secretary, $2,750 ; Chief Clerk, 
$1,200. ' 

WATER SUPPLY DISTRICTS. 

Four members, four years, salary, $3,000. 

WEIGHTS AND MEASURES. 

State Superintendent, five years, $3,500 ; three Assistants, 
$1,500 to $1,800. 

MISCELLANEOT'S BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS. 

Commission to Promote Uniformity in Legislation in 
United States, three years, no salary. 

Commissioners of Pilotage, three years, fees. 

Home Rule Commission, Codifying Statutes, $2,500. 

Commissioners of Palisades Park, five years, no salary. 

Valley Forge Commission, five years. 

Old Age Insurance Pension Commission, five years, no sal- 
ary. Secretary, $850. 

MEMBERS AND OFFICERS OF THE LEGISLATURE. 

State Senators, three years, and Members of the Assembly, 
one year, $500. 

Senate Officers — President, $666.66; President's Private 
Secretary, $600 ; Chaplain, $300 ; Secretary, $1,500 ; As- 
sistant Secretary, $1,200 ; Supervisor of Bills, $1,200 ; As- 
sistant Supervisor of Bills, $600 ; Second Assistant Super- 
visor of Bills, $500 ; Journal Clerk. $1.000 ; Assistant 
Journal Clerk, $500 ; Second Assistant Journal Clerk, $400 ; 
Calendar Clerk, $500 ; Bill Clerk and Assistant, each $500 ; 
Sergeant-at-Arms, $700 ; Assistant Sergeant-at-Arms, $500 ; 
Clerk to Committee on Printed Bills, $500 ; Clerk to Com- 
mittee on Appropriations, $500 ; Secretary to Committee on 
Appropriations, $500 ; Clerk to Committee on Stationery and 
Incidentals, $200; four Stenographers, each $500;' five 
Doorkeepers, each $350 ; four Clerks to Committees, each 



43S SALA-RIES AND TERMS OF OFFICE. 

$P.50 ; three Gallery Keepers, each $350 ; four File Clerks, 
>ach .$350 ; six I'ages. each $200 ; four Clerks to Conimit- 
tc'os. $350. 

House of Assembly Officers — Speaker. $606.6G : Speaker's 
Private Secretary, $600 ; Assistant Secretary, $500 ; Clerfe 
$1,500; Assistant Clerk. $1,200; Supervisor of Bills. 
$1,300; three Assistants, $600 each; Journal Clerk, $1,000: 
tvro Assistant Journal Clerks, each $500 ; Serf;eant-at-Arms. 
$700; two Assistant Sergeant-at-Arms. oach $500; twelve 
Doorkeepers, each $350; ton Pages, each $200; Clerk to 
Committee on Printer! Bills. $500 ; Bill Clerk and Assistant, 
$500 each; Calendar Clerk. .$500 : eight Clerks to Com- 
mittees, each $350; three Stenographers, each $500: Clerk 
to the Ma.iority Leader and Clerk to the Minoritv Loader, 
each $500 ; fifteen File Clerks, each $300. 

Legislative Reference Bureau. Appropriation, $400. 



COUNTY DIRECTORY. 439 



COUNTY DIRECTORY. 



County Officers, With the Date of the Expiration of 
Their Term of Office, Time of Holding Courts, &c. 

ATLANTIC COUNTY. 
County Seat — Mays Landing. Population, 1,359. 

Sheriff— Alfred J. Perkins, Rep., 1920. 

Coroners — Cliarles Cunningham. 1921 ; George B. Stod- 
dard, 1920 : Albert E. James, 1920. 

County Clerk— Edwin A. Parker, 192.3. 

Surrogate — Albert C. Abbott, 1922. 

County Collector — Enoch L. .Johnson. Atlantic City. 

Circuit Justice — Charles C Black, 1922. 

Circuit Judge — Howard Carrow, 1920. 

County Judge — Robert H. Ingersoll. 1923. 

I'rosecutor of the Pleas — Edmund C. Gaskill, Jr. 

Assistant Prosecutor of the Pleas — Herbert R. Voorhees. 

County Lunatic Asylum — Dr. H. C. Monro, Supt. 

Jury Commissioner — Wilson Senseman. 

County Board of Elections — Harry Lovett (1920), Charles 
I. Lafferty (1919), Dems. ; William Ilowensteiu (1920), 
Harry Jenkins (1919), Reps. 

Terms of Court — Second Tuesday in January, May and 
October. 

BERGEN COUNTY. 

County Seat — Hackensack. Population, 1.5, S56. 

Sheriff — John W. Courter. Rep., 1919. 

Coroners— Ralph D. Denig, 1919 ; Thomas Webb, 1919 ; 
William F. Willoughby, 1920. 

Courity Clerk — George Van Baskirk. 1920. 

Surrogate — J. Blauvelt Hopper, 1923. 

County Collector — Joseph A. Brohel. Hackensack. 

Circuit Justice — Charles W. Parker, 1921. 

Circuit Judge — Luther A. Campbell, 1921. 

County Judge — John B. Zabriskie, 1923. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas — Thomas J. Huckin, 1920. 

Assistant Prosecutor — Arthur M. Agnew. 

Jury Commissioner — Robert N. Heath. 

County Board of Elections — Cbarle.s N. Cumlierland 
(1920), Jesse Moore (1919). Deuis. : John II. Blauvelt 
(1919), George Van Gelder (1920), Reps. 

Terms of Court — April, first Tuesday ; September, second 
Tuesday, and December, second Tuesday. 



440 COUNTY DIRECTORY. 

BURLINGTON COUNTY. 
County Seat — Mount Holly. Topulation, 5,657. 

Sheriff — A. Engle Haines, Rep., 1920. 

Coroners — George J. Le Coney, Isaac J. Oliver, 1921 ; 
Clark B. Rogers, 1920. 

County Clerk — Harry L. Knight. 1919. 

Surrogate — Charles A. Rigg. 1921. 

Auditor — Henry I. Worrell, 1919. 

County Collector — Warren C. I'ino, Riversiik'. 

Circuit Justice — Samuel Kalisch, 192.''>. 

Circuit Judge — Howard Carrow, 1920 

County Judge — William D. Lippincolt. 1919. 

I'rosecuto.r of the Pleas — Jonathan H. Kclsey. 1920. 

County Lunatic Asylum— C. C. Deacon, Supt. 

Jury Commissioner — Andrew J. Jordan. 

County Board of Elections — Henry H. Savage (1920), 
Joseph R. Sissom (1919), Dems. ; Newton Morton (1919), 
William H. Reeves (1920), Reps. 

Terms of Court — Fourth Tuesday in April, second Tuesday 
in October, fourth Tuesday in December. 

CAMDEN COUNTY. 
County Seat — Camden. Population, 102,215. 

Sheriff — W. Penn Corson, Rep., 1920. 

Coroners — William H. Pratt, David S. Rhone, 1919 ; I. 
Grafton Sieber, 1920. 

County Clerk — Frank F. Patterson, Jr.. 1921. 

Register of Deeds — Edward W. Delacroix, 1920. 

Surrogate — Harry Reeves, 1922. 

County Collector — John W. Sell. Camden. 

Circuit Justice — Charles G. Garrison, 1923. 

Circuit Judge — Frank T. IJoyd. 

County Judge — John B. Kates. 1922. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— Charles A. Wolverton, 1923 ; As- 
sistants. Albert E. Burling, Charles Stewart Straw. 

County Lunatic Asylum — James A. Starkoy, Supt. 

Jury Commissioner — James F. Lennon. 

County Board of Elections^Joseph R. Mick (1919). 
Geor.ge Kleinheinze (3920). Dems. : John S. Broom (1919), 
William H. Harrison (1920), Reps. 

Terms of Court — First Tuesday, April ; second Tuesday, 
September and December. 

CAPE MAY COUNTY. 

County Seat — Cape May Court House. Population, 1.200. 

Sheriff — Robert S. Miller. Rep., 1919. 

Coroners — Samuel N. Hoffman. 1919 : Nathan E. Cohen. 
1920 ; William H. Thompson, 1921. 



COUNTY DIRECTORY. 441 

County Clerk— A. Carlton Hildretli. 1020. 

Surrogate — Harry S. Douglass, 1922. 

County Collector — Charles W. Saul, Wiklwood. 

Circuit Justice— Charles C. Black. 1022. 

Circuit Judge— HowaTd Carrow, 1920. 

County Judge— Henry H. Eldridge. 1921. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas — Eugene C. Cole, 1022. 

Jury Commissioner — Harry Hebenthal. 

County Board of Elections — Levi Dickinson (1919), 
George Jeffrys (1920), Dems. ; Robert C. Smith (1919), 
Smith Endicott (1920). Reps. 

Terms of Court — Second Tuesday in April, September and 
December. 

CUMBERLAND COUNTY. 

County Seat — Bridgeton. Population, 13,011. 

Sheriff — David M. Bowen, Rep., 1920. 

Coroners — Ralph R. Charlesworth, 1919 ; Henry Maiers, 
1920 ; Robert McHenry, 1921. 

County Clerk — Leonidas H. Hogate, 1919. 

Surrogate — Charles A'ernon Marshall, 1923. 

County Collector — E. P. Bacon, Bridgeton. 

Circuit Justice — Charles C Black, 1922. 

Circuit Judge — Howard Carrow, 1920. 

County Judge — Lei'oy V>'. Loder, 1919. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas — Edwin F. Miller, 1919. 

County Lunatic Asylum — David Elwell. Supt. 

Jury Commissioner — Samuel B. Dunham. 

County Board of Elections — John Ogden (1920), Edwin 
Kyte (1010), Dems.; Ferdinand R. Jones (1920), William 
B. Kirby (1910). Reps. 

Terms of Court — Fourth Tuesday in April, September and 
December. 

ESSEX COUNTY. 
County Seat — Newark. Population, 366,721. 

Sheriff — Jolin R. Flavel, Rep.. 1920. 

Coroners— Theodore W. Hatfield, Albert J. Holle, Albert 
Kammel, all 1920. 

County Clerk — John H. Scott, 1922. 

Surrogate — Frederick G. Stickel, Jr., 1019. 

County Collector — Richard W. Booth, Newark. 

County Supervisor — Lewis G. Bowden. 

Register of Deeds — Walter A. Evans, 1920. 

Circuit Justice— Chief Justice William S. Gummere, 1922. 

Circuit Judge — Nelson Y. Dungan, 1925. 

County Judges— William P. Martin, 1921 ; Harry V Os- 
borne, 1923. 



442 COUNTY DIRECTORY. 

Juvenile Court Judge — Edward Schoen, 1923. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas — J. Henry Harrison, 1922. 

First Assistant Prosecutor — Wilbur A. Mott. 

Second Assistant Prosecutor — John A. Bornhard. 

County Lunatic Asylum — Warden. Benjamin R. Bailey. 

Jury Commissioner — Edward Shickhaus. 

County Board of Elections — Edward Winslow (1919). 
Clarence S. Blake (1920), Reps.: Henry C. Rommel (1919), 
Joseph McDonough (1920), Dems. 

Terms of Court — First Tuesday in April, third Tuesday 
in September and second Tuesday in December. 

GLOUCESTER COUNTY. 
County Seat — Woodbury. Population. 5,288. 

Sheriff — Daniel F. Hendrickson, Rpp.,, 1920. 

Coroneis — J. Preston Potter, 1921; Elwood E. Downs, 
1919 ; Atlee B. Adams, 1920. 

County Clerk— Oliver J. West, 1922. 

Surrogate— Frank D. Pedrick, 1924. 

County Collector — George E. Pierson. Woodbury. 

Circuit Justice — Charles G. Garrison, 1923. 

Circuit Judge — Howard Car row, 1920. 

County Judge — Francis B. Davis. 1922. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas — Oscar B. Redrow, 1922. 

Assistant Prosecutor — 

County Lunatic Asylum — 

Jury Commissioner — Harry W. Cohill. 

County Board of Elections — Frank L. SupTee (1920). Sam- 
uel E. Tombleson (1919), Dems.; I. Hampton Williams 
(1920), William H. Hoffman (1919). Reps. 

Terms of Court — First Tuesday in February and third 
Tuesday in May and October. 



HUDSON COUNTY. 
County Seat^ — Jersey City. Population, 270,903. 

Sheriff — John Magner, Dem., 1920. 

Coroners— John M. Introcaso. Charles Drake, 1921 ; Clar- 
ence J. Rieman, 1920. 

County Clerk — John J. McGovcrn, 1920. 

Surrogate — James F. Norton, 1921. 

County Collector — Joseph F. S. Fitzpatrick, Jersey Cil.v. 

County Supervisor — John W. Sweeney. 

Register of Deeds — John J. McMahon. 1920. 

Circuit Justice — Francis J. Swayze, 1924. 

Circuit Judge— William H. Speer. 1922 

Countv Jud.ues — James W. :McCarthy, Richard Doherty. 
John A. Blair. All 1923. 



COUNTY DIRECTORY. 443 

Juvenile Court Jurlge — Philip W. Grcce, 1923. 

Prosecutor of tbe Pleas — I'iirre P. Carven, 11>23. 

First Assistant Prosecutor — Goorge T. Tickers. 

Second Assistant Prosecutors — Thomas H. Brown, James 
H. Clark, Hyman Lazarus. 

Port Warden — Antony Capelli, 1921. 

Harbor Master — George J. Healing, ad iu. 

County Lunatic Asylum — George W. King, Supt. 

Jury Commissioner — Andrew J. Knox. 

County Board of Elections — James E. Pope (1920). Joseph 
G. Parr (1919), Reps.; J. Henry Mahnken (1920), Gilbert S. 
Crowell (1919), Deras. 

Terms of Court — First Tuesday in April and third Tues- 
day in September and Second Tuesday in December. 



HUNTERDON COUNTY. 
County Seat — Flemington. Population, 2,635. 

Sheriff — Samuel D. Skillman, Dem., 1920. 

Coroners— J. Charles Alpaugh, 1919 ; Alfred T. Shep- 
pard, 1919 : Edward W. Closson, 1920. 

County Clerk — Judiah Higgins. 1920. 

Surrogate — Oscar Rittenhouse, 1919. 

County Collector — Joseph L. Chamberlin, Flemington. 

Circuit Justice — Thomas W. Trenchard. 1921. 

Circuit Judge — Willard W. Cutler. 1923. 

County Judge — George K. Large, 1922. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas — Harry J. Able, 1922. 

Assistant Prosecutor — George W. Dunham. 

Jury Commissioner — William F. Carling. 

County Board of Elections— Garret S. Kinney (1919) ; 
John H. Reed (1920), Dems. : John D. Staples (1920), 
David Klien (1919). Reps. 

Terms of Court— Second Tuesdays in April. September 
and December. 

MERCER COUNTY. 

County Seat — Trenton. Population, 103,190. 

Sheriff — Frederick P. Roes, Rep.. 1920. 
Coroners — Franz A. Wagner, John R. D. Bower, Joseph 
Reading, all 1922. 

County Clerk — John H. Fetter, 1922. 
Surrogate — Samuel H. Bullock. 1919. 
County Collector — Edgar G. Weart. Trenton. 
Circuit Justice — Thomas W. Trenchard, 1921. 
Circuit Judge — Frank T. Lloyd, 1921. 
County Judge — Erwin E. Marshall, 1920. 
Prosecutor of the Pleas — A. Dayton Oliphant, 1923. 



444 COUNTY DIRECTORY, 

Assistant Prosecutor— James Hammond. 

Jury Commissioner — Joseph H. Moore, Hopewell. 

County Board of Elections — Orlo S. Hatton (1919), An- 
thony S. Brennan (1920), Dems. ; Holmes E. La Rue (1920), 
Hiram A. Cook (1919), Reps. 

Terms of Court — Third Tuesday in January, second Tues- 
day in May, and second Tuesday in October. 

MIDDLESEX COUNTY. 
County Seat — New Brunswick. Population, 30,019. 

Sheriff — Charles Anderson, Dem., 1920. 

Coroners — William F. Harding, 1921 ; Elias S. Mason, 
1920; James J. Flynn. 1920. 

County Clerk — Bernard M. Gannon. 1919. 

Surrogate — Daniel W. Clayton, 1921. 

County Collector — Edward Burt, New Brunswick. 

Circuit Justice — James J. Bergen. 1921. 

Circuit Judge— Frank T. Lloyd. 1921. 

County Judge — Peter Francis Daly, 1921. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas — Joseph E. Strieker, 1921. 

Assistant Prosecutor of the Pleas — John Coan. 

Jury Commissioner — Henry H. Banker. 

Health Officer, Port of Perth Amboy — John V. Shull, 
1920. 

County Board of Elections — Howard H. Brown (1919), 
Frank o". Nelson (1920). Dems.: William J. Banker (1919). 
John Hanson (1920). Rep?. 

Terms of Court — First Tuesday in April, third Tuesday 
in September, and second Tuesday in December. 

MONMOUTH COUNTY. 
County Seat— Freehold. Population, 3,622. 

Sheriff — Elmer H. Geran, Dem., 1920. 

Coroners — Edward Casbion, Albert W. Worden, Jr., 1920 ; 
George B. Goodrich, 1921. 

County Clerk — Joseph McDermott. 1919. 

Surrogate — Joseph L. Donahay, 1028. 

County Collector — Charles F. McDonald, Freehold. 

Circuit Justice — Samuel Kaliscb, 1925. 

Circuit Judge— Willard W. Cutler, 1923. 

County Judge — Ruliff V. Lawrence. 1920. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— Charles F. Sexton, 1920. 

Assistant Prosecutor — John J. Quinn. 

Jury Commissioner — Milan Ross. 

County Board . of Elections — Leonard J. Arrowsmith 
(1919), Charles E. Conover (1920), Dems.: William D. 
Hulse (1920), Isaac Wooley (1919), Reps.. 

Terms of Court — First Tuesday after the first day of 
January, first Tuesday in May and October. 



COUNTY DIRECTORY. 445 

MORRIS COUNTY. 
CouHty Seat — Morristown. Population, 13,006. 

Sherifif— Edwin W. Orr, Rep., 1920. 

Coroners — William -D. Lewis, li)21 ; George Gardner, J. G. 
Voelker, 1920. 

County Clerk— Elias Bertram Mott, 1923. 

Surrogate — William H. Thompson, 1923. 

County Collector — George W. Downs, Madison. 

Circuit Justice — Charles W. Parker. 1921. 

Circuit Judge — Willard W. Cutler, 1923. 

County Judge — Edward K. Mills, ad in. 

I'rosecutor of the Pleas — John M. Mills, 1923. 

Jury Commissioner — J. Willard Farrow. 

County Board of Elections — Henry F. Dempsey (1920). 
William C. Hummel (1919), Dems. ; Louis Carter (1920), 
Charles F. Hopkins (1919). Reps. 

Terms of Court — Third Tuesday in January, first Tuesday 
in May, and Second Tuesday in October. 

OCEAN COUNTY. 
County Seat^ — TomI River. Population, about 2,500. 

Sheriff— Harold Chafey, Rep.. 1921. 

Coroners — John L. Lane, 1919 ; David O. Parkinson, W. 
H. Middleton, 1920. 

County Clerk — John A. Ernst, 1923. 

Surrogate— Ulysses S. Grant, 1923. 

County Collector — Theodore B. Cvanmer, West Creek. 

Circuit Justice — Samuel Kalisch, 1925. 

Circuit Judge— Frank T. Lloyd, 1921. 

County Judge — William H. Jeffrey, 1922. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas — Richard C. Plumer, 1922. 

Assistant Prosecutor — George B. Woodruff. 

Jury Commissioner — Frank Ellis. 

County Board of Elections — Lawrence D. Van Note (1920). 
Henry Forcanser (1919), Dems.; Joseph Grover (1919); 
William H. Cruser (1920). Reps. 

Terms of Court — Second Tuesday in April, second Tues- 
day in September, and second Tuesday in December. 

PASSAIC COUNTY. 

County Seat — Paterson. Population, 124.815. 

Sheriff — John McCutcheon. Rep., 1921. 
Coroners — Robert C. Moore, 1919 ; Jolin R. Smith, John 
Vermenlen, 1920. 

County Clerk — John J. Slater, 1921. 
Surrogate — Fredeiic Beggs, 1920. 



446 COUNTY DIRECTORY. 

Register of Deeds — John R. Morris. 1921. 

County Collector — John L. Conklin, Paterson. 

Circuit Justice- — James F. Minturn, 1922. 

Circuit Judge— George S. Silzer, 1922. 

County Judge — ^Milium W. Watson, 1922. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas — Michael Dunn, 1921. 

Assistant Prosecutor of the Pleas — Munson Force. 

Jury Commissioner — Charles A. Bergen. 

County Lunatic Asylum— John G. Donnelly, Supt. 

County Board of Elections— Le\vis A. Ryan (1910). 
Stephen Dawson (1920). Dems. ; James J. Murner (1920), 
Winfield S. Cox (1919), Reps. 

Terms of Court — First Tuesday after the first day of 
January, fourth Tuesday in April and September. 

SALEM COUNTY. 
County Seat — Salem. Population, 6,953. 

Sheriff— William T. Mifflin, Rep., 1920. 

Coronfvs — B. Noel Gross. 1921: Rov J. Allen. 1920; 
William R. Harris, 1920. 

County Clerk— Benjamin E. Harris. ,1919. 

Surrogate — Loren P. Plummer, 1922. 

County Collector — IfolnTt B. (irisconi. Salem. 1021. 

Circuit Justice — Charles C. Black, 1922. 

Circuit Judge — Howard Carrow, 1920. 

County Judge — Edward C. Waddington, 1921. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas — Daniel V. Summerill, Jr., 1920. 

Jury Commissioner — Isaac S. Smick. 

County Lunatic Asylum — James M. Newell. Steward. 

County Board of Elections — Frederick A. Oehrle (1920). 
Fletcher W. Lay ton (1919), Dems.; Isaac J. Prickett 
(1919). Firman H. Lloyd (1920), Reps. 

Terms of Court — Third Tuesday in April, September and 
December. 

SOMERSET COUNTY. 

County Seat — Somerville. Population, 0,038. 

Sheriff — Ellsworth Brokaw, Rep., 1919. 

Coroners — Malvern Reeve, 1919 ; Samuel P. Sutphin, 
1919 ; Harry J. Reeves, 1920. 

County Clerk — Frederic N. Voorhees. 1923. 
Surrogate — Calvin D. McMurtry, 1923. 
County Collector — Ezekiel B. Allen, Somerville. 
Circuit Justice — Charles W. Parker, 1921. 
Circuit Judge — George S. Silzer, 1922. 
County Judge — Daniel H. Beekman. 1920. 
Prosecutor of the Pleas — Azariah M. Beekman, 1920. 
Assistant — Frank L. Cleary. 



COUNTY DIRECTORY. 447 

Jury Commissioner — Eugene V. Cruser. 

County Board of Elections — Timothy W. O'Brien (1020). 
Cliarlos IT. Matthews (1019), Dems. ; Julius J. Stahl (lOliO), 
Joseph M. Eaml)ruskin (11)10). Reps. 

Terms of Court — Second Tuesday in April, third Tuesday 
in September and December. 

SUSSEX COUNTY. 
County Seat — Newton. Topulation, 4,433. 

Sheriff — Israel D. Chaxdavoyne, Dem.. 1920. 

Coroners — William H. Williams, James W. Mills, W. H. 
Clawson. all 1920. 

County Clerk— Harvey S. Hopkins, 1922. 

Surrogate— Emmet II. Bell, 1023. 

County Collector — Floyd C. Devore, Newton. 

Circuit Justice — James F. Minturn. 1022. 

Circuit Judge— George S. Silzer. 1022. 

County Judge— Allan R. Shay. 1021. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas — Lewis Van Blarcom, 1922. 

Jury Commissioner — William F. Howell. 

Coui'ty Board of Elections — John H. Neldon (1020). 
Victor M. Bobbins (1010), Dems.; Simeon J. Clark (1919). 
William S. Percy (1920). Reps. 

Terms of Court — Third Tuesday in April, September and 
December. 

UNION COUNTY. 

County Seat— Elizabeth. Population, 82,036. 

Sheriff — James E. Warner, Rep.. 1920. 

Coroners — J. Edward Qayne. 1922 ; John F. Martin. 
1919 ; John F. Mair. 1919. 

County Clerk— William B. ^lartin. 1921. 

SuiTogate— Charles N. Codding, 1922. 

Register of Deeds — Edward Bauer, 1923. 

County Collector — Nathan R. T^avitt. Elizabeth. 

Circuit Justice — .Tames J. Bergen, 1021. 

Circuit Judge— George S. Silzer. 1922. 

County Judge — Carlton B. Pierce. 1023. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas — Walter L. Hetfield, Jr., 1923. 

Assistant Prosecutor — Donald IT. ]\IcLean. 

.Tury Commissioner — Charles P. Russ. 

Harbor Master, Elizabeth and Elizabeth Creek — John P. 
Arnold. 

County Board of Elections — Frank J. Pfaff (1919). Freder- 
ick Zior (1920), Dems.; George J. Stewart (1919), David 
S. Dunavau (1920), Reps. 

Terms of Court — First Tuesday in January, May and 
October. 



44S COUNTY DIRECTORY. 

WARREN COUNTY. 
County Seat — Belvidere. ropulation. 1.82:'.. 

Sho riff— George Eckliardt. Dem., 1020. 

Coroners — Charles N. Shropo. 1021 : Ilnwarfl R. Terry. 
1920 ; Fred S. Widnor. 1920. 

County Clerk— C. Howell Mntcliler, 1920. 

Surrogate — Charles G. Smith, 1919. 

County Collector — Henry O. Carhart. 

Circuit Justice— Thomas W. Trenchard, 1921. 

Circuit .Tudsre — George S. Silzer. 1922. 

County Judge— .Tohn I. Blair Reiley. 192.3. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas — William A. Stryker, 1921. 

Jury Commissioner — Edward F. Cline. 

County Board of Elections — Robert M. Woodruff (1919) : 
E. Maurice Beesley (1920>, Dems. : Theophilus H. Wieder 
(1920K James R. Dick (1920). Reps. 

Tesms of Court — Fourth Tuesday in April, fourth Tuesday 
in September and the first Tuesday after the fourth Tuesday 
in December. 



Time of Holding Courts. 

The Court of Chancery — No stated terms. 

The Supreme Court meets on the third Tuesday in Feb- 
ruary, the first Tuesday in June and the first Tuesday in 
November. 

The Court of Errors and Appeals meets on the first 
Tuesday in March, the third Tuesday in June and the third 
Tuesday in November. 

The Court of Pardons meets on the first Tuesday in 
March, the third Tuesday in June and the third Tuesday 
in Novembei'., 

The United States District Court meets at Newark on the 
first Tuesdays in April and November, and at Trenton on 
the third Tuesday in January and second Tuesday in Sep- 
tember each year. 

United States Court of Appeals meets first Tuesday in 
March and the first Tuesday in October. 

CHICUITS OF NEW JERSEY. 

The Supreme Court Circuits of New Jersey are divided 
as follows : 

1st District — Cape May, Cumberland, Salem and Atlantic. 
Justice Black. 

2d District — Gloucester and Camden. Justice Garrison. 

8d District — Monmouth, Burlington and Ocean. Justice 
Kalisch. 



STATE MILTTTA. 449 

4th District — Mercer, Hunterdon and Warren. Justice 
Trenchard. 

5th District — Middlesex and Union. Justice Bergen. 

6th District — Somerset, Morris and Bergen. Justice 
Parker. 

7th District — Essex. Chief Justice Gummere, 

8th District — Hudson. Justice Swayze. 

9th District — Passaic and Sussex. Justice Minturn. 

For time of holding county courts, see County Directory. 

CIRCUIT COURT JUDGES' ASSIGNMENTS. 

Judge Carrow — Atlantic. Burlington, Cape May, Glouces- 
ter, Salem and Cumberland. 

Judge Silzer — Passaic, Somerset, Sussex, Union and War- 
ren. 

Judge Lloyd — Camden, Ocean, Mercer and Middlesex. 

Judge Adams — Essex. 

Judge Dungan — Es?ex. 

Judge Campbell — Hudson. 

Judge Speer — Hudson. 

Judge Cutler — Essex, Bergen, Hudson, Hunterdon, Morris 
and Monmouth. 



STATE MILITIA. 

1st BATT.VI.IOX^ ATLu^iNTIC CITY. 

Charles D. White, Major. 

i'ompany A. Atlantic City, Samuel M. lob. Captain. 
Company B, Atlantic City. William C. Henry, Captain. 
Company C, Atlantic City, Frank M. Cunningham, Cap- 
tain. 

Company D, Bridgeton. 

Company E. Cape May, Frank W. Cassedy. Captain. 

Company F, Clayton, William M. Angle. Captain. 

2d battalion^ TRENTON. 

Han-y P. Moorhead, Major. 

Company A, Camden. Barton S. Muir. Captain. 

Company B, Mount Holly. Winfield S. Gale, Captain. 

Company C, Trenton. Caleb T. Houston, Captain. 

Company D. Flemington. 

Company E, Phillipsburg, J. Milton Guthrie. Captain. ' 

3d battalion, red bank. 

Robert C. Lawrence, Major. 

Company A, Lakewood, Charles S. Grove, Captain. 
Company B, Red Bank (Machine Gun Company), Phillipse 
E. Greene, Captain. 
29 



450 STATE MILITIA. 

Company C. Red Bank (Machine (Jun Company), Harden 
L. Crawford. Captain. 

Company D, Asbury Tark. 

Company E. New Brunswick. Ralph Van M. Gorsline. Cap- 
tain. 

Company F. South Amboy. 

4th BATTALIOX, CHATHAM. 

Herbert M. Dawley, Major. 

Company A, Summit, Amedee Spodone, Captain. 
Company B, Chatham, Raymond H. See, Captain. 
Company C, Elizabeth. Ralph P. Shaw. Captain. 
Company D, Dover. William .7. Robertson. Captain. 
Company E, Newton, Lewis Van Blarcom. Captain. 

5th battalion^ NEWARK. 

Edward Phillips, Major. 

Company A, Orange, Daniel A. Dugan. Captain. 
Company B, Bloomfield. Theodore E. Jones, Captain. 
Company C, Newark, George Winnett. Jr., Captain. 
Company D. Newark, Benjamin F. Sprague. Captain. 
Company E, Newark. Richard F. Mattia. Captain. 
Company F, East Orange, Theodore McC. Marsh, Captain. 

6th battaltox, patersox. 

John Nolan, Major. 

Company A, Rutherford. Floyd N. Dull. Captain. 

Company B, Hackensack, Edward T. Phillipps. Captain. 

Company C. Passaic. Eugene R. G^ddcs. Captain. 

Company D. Paterson, Albin Smith. Captain. 

Company E, Paterson, John J. Scannell. Captain. 

7th battaliox. 

Company A. T'nion Hill. Edward A. Knack. Captain. 
Company B, Hoboken. Frederick Steigleiter. Captain. 
Company C, Bayonne^. Warren J. Roy, Captain. 
Company D, Jersey (5ity, A. Harry Moore. Captain. 
Machine Gun Platoon, Jersey City, Louis A. Francisco. 
First Lieutenant. 

SEPARATE COMPANIES. 

Ist Company. Atlantic City. Joshua W. Dowling, Captain. 
2d Company, Jersey City, Geoi-ge E. Cannon, Captain. 



STATE DEPARTMENTS. 451 



REPORTS OF STATE DEPARTMENTS. 

state Treasurer's Report. 

(Extracts.) 
SECURITIES BELONGING TO THE STATE FUND. 

Certificate No. 154, dated April 3d. 1832, for 
one thousand (1.000) shares of the joint 
stock of the Dehiware and Raritan Canal 
and Camden and Amboy Railroad and 
Transportation Companies', par value $100,000 00 

Certificate No. 3.640. dated July 15th. 1864. 
for five hundred (500) shares of the joint 
stock of the Delaware and Raritan Canal 
and Camden and Amboy Railroad and 
Transportation Companies*, par value 50,000 00 

Certificate No. 2,565. dated January 10th, 
1866, for two hundred and sixty-two (262) 
shares of the joint stock of the Delaware 
and Raritan Canal and Camden and Am- 
boy Railroad and Transportation Com- 
panies, par value 26.200 00 

Certificate No. 4.554, dated January 10th, 
1865, for one hundred and twenty-five (125) 
shares of the joint stock of th(> Delaware 
and Raritan Canal and Camden and Am- 
boy Railroad and Transportation Com- 
panies, par value 12.500 00 

$188,700 00 
STATEMENT JUNE 30th. 1918. 

STATE FUND. 

Balance in bank. November 1st. 1*017 $6,395,^05 22 

Gross receipts $16,517,909 55 

Gross dis- 
bursements, $8,647,774 48 
Transferred to 
State Road 

Fund 4.809.769 98 . 

$13,45(.544 46 

: $3,060,365 09 

Balance in bank. June 30th. 1918 $9,456,070 31 

Securities 188.700 00 

State fund $9,644,770 31 

HUNTERS' AND AN(iLi:KS- LICr:NSE FUND. • 

Balance in banks, November 1st, 1917 $36,474 93 

Receipts 91,994 31 

$128,469 24 
Disbursements 128,469 24 



452 STATE DEPARTMENTS. 



STATE SCHOOL TAX. 



Receipts $7,314,803 53 

Disbursements 7,314,863 53 



LOCAL TAX ON RAILROADS. 

Receipts $2,601,657 46 

Disbursements 2,601,657 46 



DEPARTMENT OF MOTOR VEHICLES, REGISTRATION 
AND REGULATION. 

Balance in bank. November 1st, 1917 $756,604 13 

Receipts ■. 263,405 98 

$1,020,010 11 
Disbursements 1,020,010 11 



STATE WATER-SUPPLY COMMISSION 
(SPECIAL SURVEY FUND). 

Balance in bank, November 1st, 1917... $42 07 

Disbursements 42 07 



FOREST RESERVE FUND. 

Receipts $8,264 00 

Disbursements 102 91 

Balance in bank, June 30th, 1918.. $8,161 09 



GOVERNMENT AID FOR VOCATIONAL 
EDUCATION. 

Receipts $30,.S47 06 

Disbursements 1.277 76 

Balance in bank, June 30th, 191i8 $29,069 30 



STATE ATHLETIC COMMISSION. 

Receipts $1,646 75 

Balance in bank, June 30th, 1918 1,646 75 



STATE ROAD FUND. 

Receipts $5,188,976 92 

Balance in bank, June 30th. 1918 5,188,976 92 



STATE DEPARTMENTS. 453 

AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE FUND. 
Amount of securities $116,000 00 

The securities belonging to the fund are : 
One (1) Certificate of Indebtedness of the 

State of New Jersey, dated July 1st, 1805, $31,600 00 

One (1) Certificate of Indebtedness of the 

State of New Jersey, dated January 1st, 

1897 16,400 00 

One (1) Certificate of Indebtedness of the 

State ofi New Jersey, dated January 1st, 

1902 68,000 00 

$116,000 00 

Interest on the Certificates of Indebted- 
ness, amounting to $2,900, made payable 
from the Stato Fund, has been disbursed for 
the maintenance of Rutgers Scientific School 
at New Brunswick. 

SCHOOL FUND. 

The securities of the School Fund are the 
following : 

Bonds $r>,96r,.i4r, oo 

Stocks 146.r,00 00 

$6,111.64.-; 00 

Bonds and Mortgages 163.ir»9 00 

Ileal Estate 19.438 44 

Riparian Leases 835,853 40 

$7,130,095 84 

STATEMENT OF THE SCHOOL FUND. 

Securities, November 1st, 1917 $6,972,427 47 

Add Bonds purchased $288.000 00 

Add Riparian Leases 57.230 58 

■ 345.230 58 

$7,317,658 05 
Less Securities paid off 187.562 21 

Securities. June 30th. 1918 $7,130,095 84 

Balance in bank, June 30th, 1918 147,067 43 

Total Fund $7,277,163 27 

Amount of Securities, No- 
vember 1st, 1917 $6,972,427 47 

Balance in bank, November 

1st. 1917 115.009 06 

7.087,436 53 



Net Increase in Fund $189,726 74 



454 STATE DEPARTMENTS. 



TAXES AND ASSESSMENT, STATE BOARD OF. 

Frank 15. Jess. I'lvsidont. Iladdon Iloights, 1021 ; (Jeo. 
T. Ronton. Jersey City, 19] 9: Frederic A. Gentieu, Penns- 
grove, 1920 ; Hari'y W. Mutchler, Rockavvay, 1921 ; Alonzo 
D. Herriclt, Ilackettstown, 1921. 

The State Board of Taxes and Assessment Is a consoli- 
dation of the old Board of Equalization of Taxes and the 
State Board of Assessors. The new body was created under 
the provisions of Chapter 244 of the Laws of 1915. It 
organized July 1st, and the purpose of the merger was to 
co-ordinate two bodies having similar functions. 

The old State Board of Assessors was created under an 
act of the Ivegislature entitled "An act for the taxation of 
railroad and canal property," approved April 10th, 1884. 
The work of this body was increased during the same year 
by the passage of another act, entitled "An act to provide 
for the imposition of State taxes upon certain corporations, 
and for the collection thereof," approved April 18th, 1884. 
The Legislature further charged this board with the assess- 
ment and apportionment of the Municipal Franchise tax 
to be paid by persons, co-partnerships, associations or cor- 
porations using or occupying public streets, highways, roads 
or other public places, by an act passed in 1900 and taking 
effect January 1st. 1901. 

Beginning with the year 1919. this T^epartment will be 
further charged with the carrying into effect of the pro- 
visions of Chapter 148. Laws of 1918. which provides for a 
tax on the gross receipts of street railway corporations and 
gas and electric light corjjorations at the average tax rate 
of the State, in lieu of the tax upon personal property at 
the local rates. 

The State Board of Equalization of Taxes was created by 
an act of the Legislature approved March 29th, 1905, and 
was designed to take the place of the old State Board of 
Taxation. 

The report of the State Board of Taxes and Assessment 
for the year 1918 shows that 120 railroad and canal com- 
panies within the State are subject to taxation. These 
companies represent more than 2,400 miles of railroads 
and 175 miles of canals. 

The following table is a summary of the valuation and 
assessment of railroad and canal property for the year 
1918 subject to review by the board, which review was in 
progress when this article was prepared. 



STATE DEPARTMENTS. 



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456 STATE DEPARTMENTS. 



MISCELLANEOUS CORPORATIONS. 

Under the provisions of the act of April 18th, 1884, and 

its supplements, the Board has assessed for the year 1918 

a State franchise tax against 12,248 corporations, amount- 
ing to $2,605,194.25. 

The following table shows the comparison with previous 
years of the number of corporations assessed under this 
act and the amount of tax levied : 

Number Amount Inc. in Inc. in Dec. in 

Assessed. Assessed. Number. Amount. Amount. 

1884 619 $195,273 51 

1885 797 235,769 40 178 $40,495 89 

1886 917 244,035 81 120 8,266 41 

1887 1,132 287,702 13 215 43,666 32 

1888 1,457 360.197 59 325 72.495 46 

1889 1,698 438,893 42 241 78,695 83 

1890 2,103 574,048 16 405 135,154 74 

1891 2.377 629,659 62 274 55.661 46 

1892 3,149 788,486 86 772 158,827 24 

1893 3.889 973,417 19 740 184,930 33 

1894 4,283 1,077,066 39 394 103,649 20 

1895 4,450 1,092,744 59 367 15,678 20 

1896 4.593 1,060,056 52 143 $32.688 07 

1897 4,777 1.075,278 52 184 15,222 00 

1898 5,188 1.197,030 54 411 121.752 02 

18.99 5,469 1,332,635 95 281 135,605 41 

1900 6,602 2.048.008 03 1,133 715.372 08 

1901 7,294 2,315.592 78 692 267,584 75 

1902 8,567 2.878,073 11 1,273 562,480 33 

1903 9.449 3.380,439 87 882 502,366 76 

1904 10.013 3, 663.. 589 96 564 283,150 09 

1905 10,065 3,605,473 52 52 58,116 44 

1906 10,230 3.515.878 00 165 89,595 52 

1907 10,307 3,3.56.638 25 77 159,239 75 

1908 10,821 3,267,350 14 514 89.288 11 

1909 11,022 3,238.083 46 201 29,266 68 

1910 11,606 3.188.084 58 584 49,998 88 

1911 11,860 3.171,576 25 2.54 16,508 33 

1912 12,372 3.131,430 72 512 40,145 53 

1913 12,688 3.128,4.98 30 316 2,932 42 

1914 12.6.59 3,057.91112 Dec. 29 70,587 18 

1915 12,411 3.045,.572 72 248 12.338 40 

1916 12.165 2.718,222 20 Dec. 241 324,65133 

1917 12,310 2,078,390 81 145 39,83139 

1918 12.248 2,605.194 25 Dec. 62 73,196 56 



STATE DEPARTMENTS. 



457 



MUNICIPAL FRANCHISE TAX. 

Assessments, based upon returns made under provisions 
of Chapter 195, Laws of 1900 (as amended), and Cliapter 
290, Laws of 1906, were levied against 291 corporations and 
3 individuals, amounting in the aggregate to $2,269,013.40 
tax, classified as follows (the increase over 1917 being the 
sum of $580,855.13) : 



No. 

30 
113 

98 

34 
3 

16 

294 



Classification. 
Raihvays 



Street 

Water 

Gas and Electric 

Telegraph and Teltphon 
District Telegraph . . . 
Sewer and Pipe Line. . 



Tax. 

$911,289 40 

125,403 21 

921,644 09 

298.199 93 

2,499 70 

9,977 07 

;2,269,013 40 



The following table will show the apportionment of this 
tax to the various municipalities of the State, grouped by 
counties : 

SUMMARY BY COUNTIES. 



Atlantic . . , 
Bergen ... 
Burlington 
Camden . . , 
Cape May 
Cumberland 

Essex 

Gloucester 
Hudson . . 
Hunterdon 
Mercer . . . . 



$61,244 90 

152,680 39 

52,059 21 

123.489 35 

18.940 42 
24.898 96 

636.084 45 

20.948 60 

444,481 54 

4.416 04 

87.941 23 



Middlesex 
Monmouth 
Morris . . 
Ocean . . . 
I'assaic .. 
Salem .. . 
Somerset . 
Sussex . . . 
I'nion . . . 
Warren .. 



Total . 



$95,293 59 

77.823 30 

34,394 00 

9,559 52 

187,486 16 

17,541 50 

24,600 59 

2.748 26 

173.869 49 
17,611 90 

$2,269,013 40 



In puTsuance of the provisions of section 5 of Chapter 
195, Laws of 1900 (as amended by Chapter 17. of the Laws 
of 1917), the percentage of tax levied against all classes 
of public utility corporations, except street railway com- 
panies and companies whose gross receipts do not exceed 
$50,000, will be increased by one per cent each year, be- 
ginning with the year of 1918, until it reaches the maxi- 
mum of five per cent. 



458 STATE DEPARTMENTS. 

NEW JERSEY EATABLES (1918). 

The net valuation taxable of real and personal property 
listed by the local assessors and the ooiinty boards of taxa- 
tion is $3.03().926,010.r.O, an increase of .>fl42,808,309.64 
over the valuation af 1917. The net valuation does not 
include bank and trust company stock, which is separately 
assessed at three-fourths of one per cent., and for 1918 is 
taxed $690,585.21 on a valuation of $92,078,028. 

These ratables are made up as follows : 

Real estate, exclusive of second-class rail- 
road property $2,431,843,219 (i8 

Second-class railroad property 117,723,651 00 

Personal property (exclusive <if bank 

stock) 483,754,039 82 

Deductions for debt (from intangible pt'v- 

sonalty only) 675,174 00 

Property exempted under Chapter 7, Laws 

of 1918 1,719,726 00 

Net valuation taxable 3,030,926,010 50 

Amounts deducted under Chapter 57. 
Laws of 1910, and Chapter 188, Laws 
af 1912 55.897,612 31 

Amounts tidded under Chapter 57, Laws 
of 1910, and Chapter 188. Laws of 
1912 1.317,599 00 

Amounts added by county boards of taxa- 
tion, under Equalization act of 1917... 2.546,352 00 

Net valuation on which County and State 

school taxes are apportioned 2.978,892,349 19 

The taxes to be raised on the above valuations are as 
follows : 

Road tax $3,024,206 61 

State school taxes 7,843,622 49 

County taxes — 

Amounts appropriated. $15,192,608 44 

Less amounts derived 

from bank stock tax. 345,292 58 

Net county taxes to be raised 14.847.33 5 86 

Local taxes — 

Amounts appropriated. $46,346,721 87 
Less amounts derived 

from bank stock tax, 345,292 63 

Net local taxes to be raised $46,001,429 24 

The average tax rate, on which the railroad main stem 
taxes are assessed, is .S2.377 per hundred dollars of vahia- 



STATE DEPARTMENTS. 459 

tion for 1918. For 1917 the average rate was $2,840. This 
is an inci'ease of three points. 

The total number of polls assessed is 517.r»51. 

Real estate and personal property specifically exempted 
from taxation for 1918 amounts to $296.3r)r>,873.00. divided 
among the following classes : 

Public school property .$68,222,900 00 

Other school property lS.2r)6,620 00 

Public property 121,201.45,1 00 

Church and charitable 81,161,843 00 

Ccmeteri(>s and graveyards 7,.")18,5.'3.j 00 

Valuation Valuation 

County. 1917. 1918. Increase. 

Atlantic $125,.373,027 78 $127,130,179 89 $1,757,152 11 

Bergen 196,298,924 00 200,737,427 00 4,438,503 00 

Burlington .39,258.700 00 40.330,912 00 1.072,212 00 

Camden 124,263,438 00 130,729,651 00 6,466.213 00 

*Cape May 38,932,541 00 38,800,210 00 

Cumberland .... 29.670,113 68 30,874,002 00 1,203,888 32 

Essex 686.361,004 00 710.785,536 00 24.424.532 00 

Glouce.ster 35.491,010 00 38,2.51,157 00 2,760.147 00 

Hudson 629.556,659 00 681,027,425 00 51,470,766 00 

Hunterdon 22,764,809 00 23,232,9.32 00 468,123 00 

Mercer 129.97.5,723 00 134.488,617 00 4,512,894 00 

Middlesex 103,196,766 00 113,309,2.53 00 10,112,487 00 

Monmouth 121.016,615 00 122.131.375 00 1.114.760 00 

Morris .58,321,223 00 .59.^)08.879 00 1,. 587,6.56 00 

Ocean 23.537,8.58 00 24.296,808 00 7.58,9.50 00 

Passaic 206,630,315 00 216.993,487 00 10,363,172 00 

Salem 30,.S32.808 00 36,0.58,065 00 5,725,257 00 

Somerset 38.408.246 00 40,004,094 00 1,595,848 00 

Sussex 24,740,.556 00 25,283,425 00 542,869 00 

Union 191,171.492 40 203,885,367 61 12,713,875 21 

♦Warren 32.815,872 00 .32,667,208 00 

Total $2,888,117,700 86 $3,030,926,010 50 $143,089,304 64 

Net increase $142,808,309 64 

* Decrease— Cape May, $132,331: Warren, $148,664. 



460 STATE DEPARTMENTS. 

MOTOR VEHICLE PEES FOR 19] 8. 
TOTAL NEARLY $2,500,000. 

With December receipts estimated at approximately 
$10,000 — it is the lightest income month of the year — 
the New Jersey State Motor Vehicle Department will 
record receipts for 1918 of approximately $2,425,000. 
This will be $500,000 in excess of the total receipts of 
the department for 1917, and will substantiate the pre- 
diction at the opening- of this year by Commissioner 
Dill that 1918 would be a banner income year for his 
department and would exceed that of the previous 
year by at least half a million dollars. 

Up to December 1st the receipts of the department 
from all sources amounted to $2,415,039.59, or about 
$8,0^00 below the half-million increase. There were 
registered during the year, up to December 1st, 139,- 
269 pneumatic-tired motor vehicles and 15,601 solid- 
tired vehicles. The gross income of the department 
for the full year of 1917 was $1,923,000. 



WAR IlEVTEW AND REMINISCENCES. 4 01 



WAR REVIEW AND REMINISCENCES 

The opening of the Great War between the Central 
Powers and the Entente Allies, of Europe, was pro- 
voked, apparently, V)y the assassination by a Seruian 
of Arch Duke Ferdinand, heir to the Austrian throne 
on June 28, 1914. .July 28, following, Austria declared 
war on Serbia. 

Germany came out against Russia, Aug'ust 1, 1914; 
against Belgium, August 4, and Austria aj^amsi Bel- 
gium, August 28. CJermany challenged France on 
August 3, and France became the aggressor on Aus- 
tria, August 13, Next came Austria against Russia, 
August 6, and against Japan. Augu.st 2? — all 1914. 

France declared war against Germany, August 3. 
followed by Great Britain against the same powers 
on August 4, against Austria August 13 and Turkey 
November 5 — all 1914. Italy stepped into the fray 
against Austria, May Z4, ljii>; TurK^y, Au^^Uiit Zi, lal;*, 
and Germany, August 28, 1916. 

The Central Powers consisted of Germany, Austria, 
Turkey and Bulgaria. 

The Entente Allies were France, Great Britain, Rus- 
sia, Italy, Serbia, Belgium, Roumania, Greece and Por- 
tugal. 

The United States joined the Allied forces when a 
declaration was made against Germany, April 6, 1917, 
and Austria December 7, 1917. 

From the time of t'ne first declaration by Austria 
against Serbia, July 28, 1914, until November 11, 1918, 
when an Armistice was signed by Germany, the du- 
ration of hostilities was four years, three niontn.s and 
fourteen days. 

In preparation and active warfare the United States 
was engaged one year, seven months and five days. 

An estimate of casualties shows that Russia suf- 
fered most — over 9,000,000 men. Germany nearly 
6,000,000; Austria nearly 4,000,000; France over 4,000- 
000; Great Britain about 3,000,000; Italy :i, 250,000; 
Turkey nearly 1,000,000; United States about 250,000 
and the smaller belligerents about l,500,U0u. Tne.se 
figures include killed, wounded, died of disease, prison- 
ers and missing. It is calculated that over 7,000,000 
lives were sacrificed, and J0,UU0,000 wounded. 

The American victories along the Marne, notably at 
Chateau-Thierry and Belleau Wood in May, June and 
July, 1918, stopped the Germans in their march on 
Paris, and are generally conceded to have been the 
turning- point in the tide. The subsequent victory of 



462 WAR REVIEW AND REMINISCENCES. 

the Americans, in September, when the St. Mihiel 
salient was wrested from the Germans, followed by 
the sweeping victories in the Argonne (September, 
October, November) which brought the Americans to 
Sedan before the armistice, are declared by military 
experts to have been the chief factors in bringing 
such an early decision. 

THE GREAT FIELD MARSHALS. 

The Commanders of tlie great armies were: France, 
General Foch; Great Britain, General Haig; America, 
General Pershing; Italy, General Diaz. Field Marshal 
von Hinderburg commanded the German forces. 

THE PEACE CONFERENCE. 

Versailles, France, was chosen for the holding of 
the Peace Conference. November 30, 1918, the United 
States delegates were announced as follows: Presi- 
dent Woodrow Wilson, Secretary of State Robert Lans- 
ing, General Tasker H. Bliss, Henry White (former 
U. S. Ambassador to France) and Col. Edward M. 
House. December 4 President Wilson and Messrs. 
Lansing and White, sailed on the steamship George 
Washington for Versailles; General Bliss and Colonel 
House were already in France. 

December 13 President Wilson and party arrived at 
Brest, France. December 14 the President and party 
arrived in Paris, lieralded by booming of guns and out- 
bursts of enthusiasm and welcomed by President Poin- 
care at Palais D'Elysees. President Wilson visited the 
Red Cross Hospital, Neuilly, December 22, and greeted 
1,400 wounded American survivors of Chateau-Thierry 
action. 

December 24 — At Chaumont, France, General Persh- 
ing is presented by General Tasker H. Bliss, in behalf 
of President Wilson, with a distinguished service 
medal. 

December 25 — President and Mrs. Wilson spent 
Christmas with thousands of American soldiers at 
Chaumont. He reviewed 10.000 troops and tlien left 
for Calais to board a war ship for England. 

December 26 — The President and party arrived in 
London. 

December 27 — President and Mrs. Wilson are the 
guests of King George and Queen Mary at a banquet 
given at Buckingham Palace. 

December 28 — President Wilson celebrated his 62d 
birthday in England. He is the twenty-eightii Presi- 
dent of the United States. 



WAR REVIEW AND REMINISCENCES. 463 

December 31 — The President returned to Paris. 

January 1. 1919 — The President visited Italy. 

January 3 — The President visited Rome and was 
received by King- Victor Emmanuel and Queen Elena. 

January 4 — The President visited the Pope at the 
Vatican. 

January 7 — The President returned to Paris. 



UNITED STATES ARMY AND NAVY STRENGTH. 

November 1, 1918 — It was estimated that an 
American army of 2.200,000 was over seas, and 2,000,- 
000 more in preparation at home. New Jersey was 
credited with 200.000. 

Under the Selective Service law the total registration 
throughout the United States, up to October 17, 1918, 
was 23,456,021, of which New Jersey's share was 754,- 
594. 

The war strength of the navy was 244,000 men and 
the temporary strength 143,000. Secretary Daniels 
favors an increase to 250,000. 

January 3, 1919 — Secretary of War Baker announced 
that a bill would be introduced in Congress to estab- 
lish an army of 500,000. 



RETURN HOME. 

November 16. 1918 — General Marc'i ordered the de- 
mobilization of 200,000 troops then in the United 
States inside two weeks. Demobilization to proceed 
at the rate of 30,000 a day. 

December 2 — First contingent of demobilized over- 
seas troops arrived in New York on board steamship 
Mauretania. 

December 26 — After spending eighteen months in 
European waters, the U. S. Armada of ten battle ships 
and seven destroyers was reviewed in New York 
waters by Secretary of the Navy Daniels and other 
prominent officials, followed in the afternoon by a 
great land parade of seamen and marines. 

December 28 — Reported that half a million of over- 
seas American soldiers mustered out and there would 
l>e one million in the near future. At home nearly a 
million were booked for discharge. 



464 WAR REVIEW AND REMINISCENCES. 



LIBERTY LOAN CALLS. 

First, April 24, 1917, 3i/^ per cent, bonds issued $2,- 
000,000,000 (oversubscription, one billion). 

Second, September 24, 1917, 4 per cent, bonds issued 
about $3,808,000,000 (oversubscription $1,670,000,000). 

Third, April 6, 1918, 4 ^i, per cent, bonds issued about 
$4,576,000,000. 

Fourth, September 28, 1918, 4^/4 per cent, bonds issued 
about $6,800,000,000. And besides $1,000,000,000 was 
raised by war certificates, making a total of about $18,- 
000,000.000. 

October 22, 1918 — It was announced that the 
American credit to the Allies was $7,520,476,666. 

The estimated cost of the war to the United States 
is $13,200,000,000. 



UNITED STATES CONTROL OF PUBLIC UTILITIES. 

December 28, 1917 — The United States began the 
operation of railroads. William G. McAdoo, Director 
General. He retired in January, 1919. 

August 1, 1918 — The United States began the opera- 
tion of telegraph and telephone lines. Albert S. Burle- 
son, Director General. 

November 16, 1918 — The United States began opera- 
tion of express companies. William G. McAdoo, Di- 
rector General. 

November 18, 1918 — The cable lines were seized by 
the Government. Albert Sydney Burleson, Postmaster 
General, made Director General. 

December 4 — Fuel Administrator Harry A. Garfield 
resigned. 

December 7 — Charles M. Schwab resigned as Director 
of Emergency Fleet Corps. 

December 14 — Secretary of the Treasury McAdoo re- 
signed and was succeeded by Carter Glass, of Virginia. 

December 31 — Bernard M. Baruch. of the War Indus- 
tries Board, resigned; also Director Carl R. Gray, of 
the Railroad Administration. 

January 3. 1919 — Herbert C. Hoover was named as 
Director of Relief Measures abroad. 

January 3 — It was reported that nine billion pounds 
of meat were sent over seas by U. S. during the war. 

January 3 — The announcement was made that the 
U. S. lost $150,000,000 in the operation of railroads in 
this country. 



WAR REVIEW AND REMINISCENCES. 465 



OTHER EVENTS. 

May 7, 1915 — Lusitania sunk by German submarine. 

June 9, 1915 — Secretary of State Bryan resigned. 

June 7, 1916 — Earl Kitchener and staff drowned by 
sinking- of cruiser Hampshire. 

November 21, 1916 — Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria 
Hungary died. 

February 3, 1917 — United States severs diplomatic 
relations with Germany. 

March 21. 1917 — President calls Congress to consider 
declaration of war. 

May 18, 1917 — President Wilson signed selective ser- 
vice bill. 

June 13, 1917 — General Pershing arrived in Paris. 

June 27, 1917 — American expeditionary contingent 
reached France. 

August 14, 1917 — Peace proposed by the Pope. 

October 26, 1917 — American troops fire their first 
guns on German trenches. 

November 4, 1917 — The first Americans killed in 
battle were Corporal Gresham and Privates Enright 
and Hay. They are buried at Bathelmont on the Lo- 
rain frontier, France. 

March 28, 1918 — General Foch made Generalissimo of 
Allied Forces. 

November 9. 1918 — T'.ie Kaiser signed abdication and 
the Crown Prince renounced the throne. 

November 10, 1918 — The Kaiser and his staff fled to 
Holland. 

January 6, 1919 — Theodore Roosevelt, twenty-sixth 
President of the United States, died at his home. 
Oyster Bay, N. Y. 

January 11, 1919 — Walker D. Hines appointed Rail- 
road Director. 

30 



466 WAR REVIEW AND REMINISCENCES. 



NEW JERSEY'S RECORD. 
GOVERNOR EDGE'S WAR ACTIVITIES. 

By proclamation and other device Governor Edge 
inspired interest so that New Jersey supplied its full 
quota to the regular army and recruited its National 
Guard to its war strength when the latter was fed- 
eralized before the Little White House at Sea Girt in 
the summer of 1917. 

Mayors, Sheriffs, County Clerks and other municipal 
officers Avere called in conference before the Governor 
immediately after the call of the Provost Marshal 
General for draft boards, and New Jersey's selective 
service system was organized at this conference, at 
the State House in Trenton. 

Through this service and the National Guard and 
other activities, all under the general supervision of 
the Governor, New Jersey furnished about 150,000 
men for various branches of the service. 

The Governor had surveys made of available land 
for camps and cantonments, with the result that Camp 
Dix at WrightstoAvn and Camp Merritt at Tenafly were 
constructed. These were followed by fourteen other 
camps and more than a score of other military 
stations. Governor Edge's offer to advance moneys 
for the acquisition of lands at Wrightstown was ac- 
cepted, the government afterward reimbursing the 
State. 

Through another conference of municipal and other 
officers Governor Edge formed a state-wide council 
of defense, created home guard units througli the 
State, mobilized fifty thousand school children, and 
commandeered Federal-State Employment Bureaus in 
speeding up agricultural production by improving 
farm labor conditions and encouraging gardens by 
authorizing farm specialists. The Governor increased 
the acreage of land under cultivation in State insti- 
tutions until 3,687 acres were producing food. 400 
acres in Hunterdon County were cultivated by the 
State itself, giving an output valued at $10,000 per 
year. 

In a period of thirty days during the summer of 
1917 the Governor organized, uniformed, equipped and 
officered a State Militia of 4,000 men, to take the place 
of the federalized National Guard. A State Militia 
Reserve was formed from scattered home guard units 
and gave valuable aid in liberty loan, war savings 
stamps. Red Cross, camp recreational and similar 
drives. 



WAR REVIEW AND REMINISCENCES. 467 

At the sug-g-estion of the Governor the Legislature 
provided laws increasing his powers as a war Gov- 
ernor, permitting state or municipal departments to 
reimburse employees called to the colors to the extent 
of the difference between army or navy pay and that of 
the State, holding positions open until the return of 
service men, exempting them from poll tax and from 
personal property tax to the extent of five hundred 
dollars, and protecting their civil rights while in the 
service. 

In December, 1918, following the armistice, Governor 
Edge called conferences with state departmental heads 
and municipal officers for the purpose of concentrating 
official efforts throughout the State for the purpose 
of providing immediate employment and also re-edu- 
cation, where necessary, of soldiers and sailors return- 
ing from the service. Plans for a uniform state-wide 
celebration in honor of the returning service men were 
also adopted. 

NEW JERSEY WAR OFFICIALS. 

Colonel Frederick Gilkyson was detailed to active 
duty in the Adjutant-General's office, and assigned as 
Chief of the Bureau of Enrollment and in the charge 
of the operation of the Selective Service Law April 
6th, 1917, and appointed Acting Adjutant-General, July 
25th, 1917, and Adjutant-General, February 27th, 1918. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Mahlon R. Margerum was desig- 
nated Disbursing Officer for the State under the Selec- 
tive Service Law, June 5th, 1917, appointed Major, 
Officers' Reserve Corps, December 4th, 1917, and as- 
signed to duty with the Governor in connection with 
the Selective Draft. 

Food Administrator for New Jersey, William F. 
Tyler, Plainfield, (former Governor Fielder held this 
office until March, 1918, when he resigned). 

Fuel Administrator for New Jersey, Richard C. Jen- 
kinson, Newark. 

During the war there were 35 cantonments and 
military stations in New Jersey, and the State turned 
out half the entire output of war munitions of the 
whole country. 



U. S. DIRECTOR OF INFORMATION. 

James Kerney, of Trenton, was appointed by Pres- 
ident Wilson, in February, 1918, as United States 
Director of Information over seas and after nine 
months' service, returned home in November. 



46S WAR REVIEW AND REMINISCENCES. 



WILSON'S FOURTEEN POINTS OF PEACE. 

(Addre.ssed to the Congress, January 8th, 1918.) 

1. Open covenants of peace, openly arrived at, after 
which there shall be no private international under- 
takings of any kind, but diplomacy shall proceed al- 
Vi^ays frankly and in the public view. 

2. Absolute freedom of navigation upon the seas 
outside territorial waters alike in peace and in war, 
except as the seas may be closed in whole or in part 
by international action for the enforcement of inter- 
national covenants. 

3. The removal, so far as possible, of all economic 
barriers and the establishment of an equality of trade 
conditions among all the nations consenting to the 
peace and associating themselves for its maintenance. 

4. Adequate guarantees given and taken that 
national armaments will be reduced to the lowest 
point consistent with domestic safety. 

5. Free, open-minded and absolutely impartial ad- 
justment of all colonial claims, based upon a strict ob- 
servance of the principle that in determining such 
questions of sovereignty the interest of the population 
concerned must have equal weight with the equitable 
claims of the government whose title is to be deter- 
mined. 

6. The evacuation of all Russian territory, and such 
settlement of all questions affecting- Russia as will 
secure the best and freest co-operation of the other 
nations of the world in obtaining for her an unhamp- 
ered and unembarrassed opportunity for the inde- 
pendent determination of her own political develop- 
ment and national policy, and assure her of a sincere 
welcome into the society of free nations under insti- 
tutions of her own choosing; and more than a wel- 
come, assistance also of every kind that she may need 
and may herself desire. The treatment accorded Rus- 
sia by her sister nations will be the acid test of their 
good will, of their comprehension of her needs as dis- 
tinguished from their own interests, and of their in- 
telligent and unselfish sympathy. 

7. Belgium, the whole world will agree, must be 
evacuated and restored without any attempt to limit 
the sovereignty which she enjoys in common with all 
other free nations. No other single act will serve as 
this will serve to restore confidence among the nations 
in the laws which they themselves set and determined 
for the government of their relations with one another. 
Without this validity of international law is forever 
impaired. 



WAR REVIEW AND REMINISCENCES. 469 

8. All French territory should be freed and the in- 
vaded portions restored, and the wrong done to France 
by Prussia in 1871 in the matter of Alsace-Lorraine, 
which has unsettled the peace of the world for nearly 
50 years, should be righted in order that peace may 
once more be made secure in the interest of all. 

9. A readjustment of the frontier of Italy should 
be effected along clearly recognized lines of nation- 
ality. 

10. The peoples of Austria-Hungary, whose place 
among the nations we wish to see safeguarded and 
assured, should be accorded the freest opportunity of 
autonomous development. 

11. Roumania, Serbia and Montenegro should be 
evacuated, occupied territories restored; Serbia ac- 
corded free and secure access to the sea, and the 
relations of the several Balkan states to one another 
determined by friendly counsel along historically es- 
tablished lines of allegiance and nationality; the inter- 
national guarantees of the political and economic in- 
dependence and territorial integritj- of the several 
Balkan states should be entered into. 

12. The Turkish portions of the present Ottoman 
Empire should be assured a secure sovereignty, but 
the other nationalities which are now under Turkish 
rule should be assured an undoubted security of life 
and an absolutely unmolested opportunity of auton- 
omous development; and the Dardenelles should be 
permanently opened as a free passage to the ships and 
commerce of all nations under international guaran- 
tees, 

13. An independent Polish state should be erected 
which should include the territories inhabited by in- 
disputably Polish populations, which should be assured 
a free and assured access to the sea, and whose po- 
litical and economic independence and territorial 
integrity should be guaranteed by international 
covenant. 

14. A general association of nations must be formed 
under specific covenants for the purpose of affording 
mutual guarantees of political independence and ter- 
ritorial integrity to great and small states alike. 



70 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



NEW JERSEY ELECTION RETURNS. 



OFFICIAI^1918. 



ATLANTIC COUNTY. 

. Asseiubly- 



Coimty 
-Clerk-^ 



Absecon City 53 66 108 99 119 52 

Atlantic- City— 

1 Waril 264 238 861 878 954 261 

2 Ward 152 145 830 855 878 166 

3 Ward 164 154 933 988 1017 199 

4 Ward 297 342 1092 1149 1151 31Q 

Total. Atlantic City 877 879 3716 3870 4000 1002 

Buena Vista Township 44 45 153 146 173 46 

East Atlantic City 5 5 5 5 6 4 

Eg? Harbor City 53 56 233 219 230 74 

Egg Harbor Township 81 122 123 114 161 76 

Folsom Borough 3 4 23 21 25 5 

Galloway Township 73 76 111 104 115 87 

Hamilton Township 62 62 155 146 157 68 

Haramonton Township 120 124 383 352 420 101 

Linwood Borough 37 56 40 42 58 42 

liongport Borough 11 7 11 8 11 8 

Margate City 13 15 32 33 33 11 

Mullica Township 21 19 65 51 68 17 

Northfield City 38 50 61 57 89 38 

Pleasantville City 181 221 510 519 598 171 

Port Republic City 18 12 34 31 51 15 

Somers Point City 46 53 88 94 118 42 

Ventnor City 53 49 238 244 239 67 

Weymouth Township 39 34 42 36 45 36 

Total Vote, County 1828 1955 6084 6191 6724 1962 



ELECTION RETURNS. 
BERGEN COTTNTY. 



471 



Allendale Borough 

Alpine Boiough 

Bergenflelil Borougb 

Bogota Borougli 

Carlstadt Borough 

Cliffside Park Borough 

Closter Borough 

Cre.sskill Borough 

Del ford Bcrough 

Demarest Borough 

Dumont Borough 

East Paterson Borough 

East Rutherford Borough . . 

Edgewater Borough 

Emerson Borough 

Englewood City — 

1 Ward 

2 Ward 

3 Ward 

4 Ward 

Total. Englewi-f.d City... 
Englewood Cliffs! Borough.. 

Fairview Borough 

Fort Lee Bonmgli 

Franklin Township 

Garfield Cit.v— 

1 Ward 

2 Ward 

3 Wanl 

4 Ward 

Total Garfield City 

Gleu Rock Borough 

Harrington Park Borough . . 
Hasbrouck Heiglit.-^ Borough 

Haworth Borough 

Hillsdale Township 

Hohokus Borough 

Hohokus Town.'^hip 

Leonia Borougli 

Little Ferry Boi-ough 

Lodi Borough 

Lodi Townshii* 

Lyndhurst Townshii) 

Maywood Borougu 

Midland Township 

Midland Park Borough 

Montvale Borough 

Moonachie Borough 44 



1 




-Assembly — 


S j: 


s ^ 


-=« 


.-SO 




e« 


.5k 


^" 


K 


- 


- 


rH 


^ 


95 


96 


120 


109 


126 


93 




27 


38 


32 


36 


22 


224 


252 


201 


178 


199 


230 


135 


237 


259 


248 


269 


139 


272 


283 


201 


191 


208 


277 


278 


295 


219 


188 


220 


275 


86 


90 


200 


192 


198 


89 


44 


51 


87 


72 


87 


39 


66 


70 


132 


127 


132 


62 


27 


36 


62 


57 


60 


29 


103 


111 


181 


173 


184 


99 


63 


64 


98 


87 


99 


59 


276 


311 


363 


337 


372 


278 


219 


240 


OO-T 


213 


206 


177 


29 


31 


68 


66 


65 


27 


45 


53 


179 


170 


174 


43 


39 


39 


124 


117 


122 


39 


142 


152 


171 


146 


156 


137 


63 


68 


162 


136 


141 


63 


289 


312 


636 


569 


593 


282 


12 


16 


33 


25 


29 


14 


177 


181 


102 


88 


99 


174 


275 


291 


305 


291 


318 


258 


54 


59 


190 


186 


190 


50 


83 


102 


202 


180 


197 


85 


61 


68 


80 


78 


83 


55 


96 


96 


78 


73 


78 


99 


23 


26 


43 


42 


40 


26 


263 


292 


403 


373 


398 


265 


79 


84 


198 


191 


198 


7S 


24 


27 


62 


56 


59 


24 


97 


130 


263 


249 


298 


95 


35 


41 


79 


72 


77 


31 


65 


68 


146 


143 


144 


67 


27 


32 


80 


76 


85 


29 


83 


87 


158 


143 


156 


77 


87 


115 


234 


211 


235 


75 


126 


131 


109 


99 


113 


124 


167 


153 


252 


256 


275 


193 


16 


19 


15 


10 


14 


19 


285 


303 


279 


244 


274 


289 


76 


88 


107 


99 


113 


74 


51 


55 


112 


117 


116 


53 


59 


58 


148 


141 


147 


54 


23 


27 


62 


59 


61 


25 



64 



472 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



BERGEN COUNTY— Continued. 

, Assembly- 



i= 1= v. ^. c. 

'%l II Ik kk |« 

« S w E^ ^ 

New Barbadoes Township — 

1 AVard 100 212 118 104 134 

2 Ward 172 198 214 189 216 

3 Ward 99 123 276 256 283 

4 M'ard KK! 134 355 344 366 

5 Ward 92 104 147 131 148 

Total, New Barbadoi's Twik, 656 771 1110 1024 1147 

North Arlington Borough 51 53 65 53 70 

Northv.-ile Borough 38 37 18 16 19 

Norwood Borough 28 30 45 39 46 

Oakland Boroujh 39 40 55 47 51 

Old TanpRTi Borough 34 36 23 19 20 

Orvil Tow uship 99 110 76 76 78 

Orerpeck Township 306 338 551 502 542 

Palisade Townshi]. 64 65 126 120 123 

I'alisade Park Borough 89 98 152 141 151 

Park Ridge Borough 99 96 116 112 116 

Ramsey Borousli 105 110 127 120 133 

Rid<rcfield Borough 61 67 106 100 107 

Kidcrewood Township 353 319 831 771 823 

Riverside Borough 38 41 131 125 134 

Riiervale Township 13 13 63 60 63 

Rutherford Borough 325 369 917 870 916 

Saddle River Borough 22 24 56 56 60 

Saddle Rivpr Township 73 76 124 114 125 

Teanerk Township 154 183 273 247 269 

Tenafly Borough 163 174 302 289 309 

Teterboro Borough 2 1 5 6 7 

Upi>*^r Sadille River Borousli. 14 17 14 9 13 

Wallington Bor.nigh 129 130 119 112 127 

Washington Townshir 12 14 12 11 11 

Westwnod Borough 124 137 24S 228 252 

Wocdcliff Lake I'.orough 29 30 46 46 45 

Woodridge Borough 83 86 118 110 120 

Total. Bergen Toun-y 7556 8269 12317 11453 12397 

Assembly— Nat. Pro., 659; Single Tax. 492: Soc, 1695. 



210 
188 



107 
91 



694 
51 
36 
25 
39 
35 

100 

308 
61 
95 
9i 

101 
63 

299 
39 
13 

329 
22 
68 

157 

165 
o 

15 
1'6 

13 
126 

30 

83 



i4S^ 



ELECTION RETURNS. 473 

BURLINGTON COUNTY. 

^—Senator— ^ , Assembly ^ 

^i SS to, 

"3 K •= a •§ « 

;?: E P3 

Bass River 43 45 35 

Beverly City 253 117 217 

Beverly Towiif^hip 344 121 270 

Bordentown City 465 286 348 

Bordentown Township 59 8 49 

Burlington City— 

1 Ward 207 95 178 

2 Ward 321 141 275 

3 Ward 216 130 186 

4 Ward 333 124 304 

Total, Burlington Cily 1077 490 943 

Burlington Township 171 36 153 

Chester Township 769 164 708 

Chesterfield Townshin 135 33 125 

Cinnaminscn Township 161 75 143 

Delran ToAvnship 85 58 71 

Eastampton Township 59 28 52 

Evesham Township 155 70 140 

Fieldsboro 74 36 63 

Florence Township 599 186 523 

Lumberton Township 206 62 187 

]\ransfield Townsliip 173 117 136 

INIedford Township 247 94 229 

!\Iount I aiirel Townslii-i 181 64 177 

New Hanover Townsliip 50 28 40 

Northampton Township 870 309 733 

North Hanover Townsliip 88 38 73 

Palmvra Township 470 150 382 

Pemberton Borough 125 77 83 

Peniberton Town..hip 122 37 104 

Riverside Township 393 262 308 

Riverton Borough 333 78 281 

Rhamong Township 30 20 29 

Southampton Townshi;. 222 158 148 

Springfield Township 126 71 105 

Tabernacle Township 42 24 33 

Washington Township 60 10 50 

Weslampton Township 54 8 49 

Willi ngboro Township 88 42 71 

Woodland Townsliip 27 11 25 

Wrightstown Borough 37 19 28 

Total, Burlington County 8393 3432 7111 

Senator— Soc, S57. Assembly— Soc, 262; Nat. Pro., 262. 



ELECTION RETURNS. 
CAMDEN COUNTY. 



Audubon Borough 

Barrington Bi^rough 

Borlin Township 

roiitpr Townsliip 

Chesilhurst Borough 

Clenienton Township 

Collingswoorl Borougli 

CauKlen City — 

1 Ward 

2 Ward 

3 AVard 

4 Ward 

5 Ward 

6 Ward 

7 Ward 

8 AVard 

9 Ward 

10 Ward 

11 Ward 

12 Ward 

13 Ward 

Total, Camden City 

Delaware Townslup 

Gloucester City 

Gloucester Township 

Haddon Township 

Haddonfield Borough 

Haddon Heights Borougli.... 

Laurel Springs Borough 

Magnolia Bor<uig!i 

Merchantville Borough 

Oaklyn Borough 

Pensauken Townsliip 

A'oorhees Townshiji 

AVaterford Township 

AVinslow Townshi]. 

Woodlynne Borough 

Total, Camden County 

Assemb'.v — Soc. lOG] ; Nat. 













-. 


c 
























1 = 


s 




« S* 






.iQ 




2a 


i;« 


5« 


y. 


o 


K 


W 


K 


1^ 


342 


137 


136 


333 


330 


326 


40 


38 


39 


125 


123 


124 


69 


68 


65 


174 


171 


168 


71 


66 


59 


255 


250 


253 


4 


4 


3 


27 


26 


25 


114 


107 


107 


307 


312 


304 


293 


288 


269 


702 


698 


666 


282 


259 


276 


808 


800 


780 


211 


215 


200 


842 


843 


821 


116 


114 


112 


448 


448 


445 


140 


141 


137 


467 


468 


455 


195 


196 


188 


758 


756 


753 


279 


289 


270 


816 


830 


823 


193 


189 


186 


942 


948 


940 


228 


216 


214 


693 


680 


674 


274 


275 


269 


792 


784 


775 


276 


272 


257 


805 


808 


780 


245 


240 


220 


599 


604 


582 


260 


266 


258 


609 


600 


583 


356 


353 


332 


931 


956 


912 


3055 


3025 


2919 


9510 


9525 


9329 


61 


64 


75 


170 


174 


173 


691 


694 


672 


1079 


1060 


3052 


91 


85 


85 


200 


200 


197 


71 


67 


65 


292 


291 


287 


163 


157 


135 


628 


650 


706 


94 


91 


85 


353 


350 


348 


46 


46 


46 


89 


93 


93 


54 


52 


50 


127 


127 


127 


8!) 


89 


103 


288 


275 


261 


28 


29 


30 


108 


107 


104 


163 


163 


172 


587 


584 


569 


52 


52 


50 


47 


45 


47 


33 


33 


29 


110 


116 


107 


62 


62 


55 


170 


171 


168 


56 


53 


56 


97 


97 


94 



5542 5470 5305 15778 15775 15528 
Pro., 1421. 



ELECTION RETURNS. 475 

CAPE MAY COUNTY. 

,. St nator- 



Avalon Borougb 43 

Cape May City 241 

Tape May Point Borough 24 

Detmis Townsldp 192 

Lower Township 172 

Middle Township 354 

North Wiidwood City 150 

Ocean City 319 

Sea Isle »'it.\' 55 

South Cap-? ^[ay Borough 5 

Stone Harbor Borough 85 

U])per Township 150 

\Yest Cape Mr.y Borough 108 

Wiidwood City 386 

WililwiMid Crest Borough 28 

Woodbine Borough 55 

Total, C;ii)e M-iv County 23GG 842 953 



or ^ 


, — Assembl 


•'■— ^ 


11 


II 




^ 


^ 




7 


10 


40 


177 


143 


261 


7 


5 


26 


99 


135 


142 


75 


81 


150 


87 


142 


274 


22 


36 


123 


62 


55 


334 


36 


37 


51 


3 


4 


5 


17 


19 


86 


38 


42 


140 


57 


37 


125 


79 


132 


306 


6 


10 




70 


65 


63 



476- 



ELECTION RETURNS. 
CUMBERLAND COUNTY. 



-Assembly- 



Q 
Britlseton City— 

1 AVard 118 

2 Ward 78 

3 Ward 159 

4 Ward 97 

5 Ward 54 

Total, Bridgeton City 506 

Commercial Township 65 

Deerfleld Townshij) 119 

DoAvne Township 93 

Fairfield Township 55 

Greenwich Township 41 

Hopewell Township 80 

Landis Township 175 

T.awrence Township 42 

Maurice River Township 47 

Millville City— 

1 AVard 61 

2 Ward 49 

3 Ward 86 

4 Ward 60 

5 Ward 39 

Total, Millville City 205 

Stoe Creek To^^'nship 38 

Vineland Borough 160 

Total, Cumberland County 1706 

Assembly — Johnson, Nat. Pro., 411. 



181 
214 
367 
270 
107 

1139 
234 
164 
122 
131 
115 
126 
599 
113 
111 

270 
204 
196 
291 

138 

lono 

94 
575 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



477 



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ELECTION RETURNS. 



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